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Weight Loss in Regards to Women- Annotated Bibliography

Weight Loss in Regards to Women- Annotated Bibliography


Sallina Poole
Com 4250

Weight Loss in Regards to Women- Annotated Bibliography


My topic is weight loss in regards to women. This is a complicated topic with many different levels, but
Ive chosen to take it down to the bare essentials and discuss three overarching main themes that I found
throughout the course of my research. Therefore, my working definition is the ways in which women perceive
how and why they want to/feel like they have to lose weight. My guiding questions include: how is weight loss
different for men and women? What causes women to think they need to be a certain weight? And, what can be
done to educate women on the best ways to lose weight? These questions help focus my three main themes,
which are: gender differences between men and women in regards to weight loss, stigmas perpetuated by
media, and ways to educate women on safe and healthy ways to lose weight.
My themes came after I did a bit of research and found similar topics being discussed in many of the
articles that I was reading. I organized my topics, and my annotated bibliography, in the order I listed above
because the concepts seem to feed into each other in that way. I thought it would be most important to address
the gender issue first, as it is the most obvious. It is also a big obstacle for many women to overcome. The
gender issue feeds into how women are portrayed in the media, so next, I wanted to discuss the stigmas in
media. This is because they are one of the main reasons why women want to or think they need to lose weight.
Those stigmas are also very prevalent in todays culture of almost constant advertisements. Because of all the
advertisements that women see every day, they are lead to believe things about weight loss that may or may
not be true. This leads to my final topic, which are the different ways to educate women on safe and heathy
ways to lose weight. I want to cover this concept for a couple reasons: 1. because it is really easy to find
misleading information on the internet, and 2. because there are plenty of wrongs ways to lose weight, such as
eating disorders. Because of those things I think it is very important for women to know about safe alternatives
when it comes to weight loss.

Weight Loss in Regards to Women- Annotated Bibliography

Gender Differences between Men and Women in Regards to Weight Loss


These authors discuss a study they conducted and previous research they have done that relates to how
men and women lose weight differently.
Bhogal, M., & Langford, R. (2014). Gender differences in weight loss; evidence from a NHS weight management
service. Public Health, 128(9), 811-813. doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2014.06.019
Bhogal and Langford are researchers at the University of Wolverhampton in England. Their research
supports the idea that men lose weight more quickly than women. This is based on their study, which is
highlighted in this article that focused on various individuals that entered weight management
intervention. The different factors studied included diet, exercise, and emotions that the individuals had
in regards to food and eating. I think this is beneficial and interesting because it helps show that there is
a difference in number of pounds lost in a certain amount of time between men and women.
Brighton, M. (2014, June 16). Men Vs. Women Weight Loss Battle: Whose Scale Wins? Retrieved December 10,
2014, from http://www.brightonyourhealth.com/men-vs-women-weight-loss/
Mary Brighton is a registered dietitian and nutritionist. She received a Masters of Science from Colorado
State University in Nutrition and Exercise Physiology. Her article on this webpage describes many of the
key differences between men and women when it comes to weight loss. She focuses mostly on physical
differences, but also touches on psychological differences as well. This is useful information because she
helps spell out the gender differences in regards to weight loss in a clear and concise way.
Clarke, P. J., O'Malley, P. M., & Johnston, L. D. (2009). Differential Trends in Weight-Related Health Behaviors
Among American Young Adults by Gender, Race/Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Status: 19842006. American Journal Of Public Health, 99(10), 1893-1901.
The authors of this article hold PhDs and work for the Institute for Social Research at the University of
Michigan in Ann Arbor. This study covered many different people from different backgrounds over the
course of 23 years in regards to their weight-related activities, such as what they ate and how often they
slept. This study is relevant and important because it showed not only gender differences, but also race

Weight Loss in Regards to Women- Annotated Bibliography


and socioeconomical differences as well, and over a longer period of time. This study also supports that
women lose weight more slowly than men, but what makes this article appealing is that it focuses on
specifically behavioral aspects.

Stigma Perpetuated by Media


The following authors address the different stigmas attached to women in the media and how they
affect womens views of themselves and their weight.
Farrell, A. E. (2011). Fat Shame: stigma and the fat body in American culture. (pp. 112-116). New York, NY: New
York University Press.
Amy Farrell is the faculty chair in Liberal Arts and a professor of American Studies, Womens Studies,
and Gender Studies at Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Her book goes in depth about history
of body fat as a negative stigma in the media and how it specifically affects women. There are also great
examples of things like old anti-suffrage ads that demonstrate how being overweight was, and to an
extent still is, seen negatively. This book is provocative because it shines a light on how overweight
women have been portrayed in the media over time. It also shows the lasting effect that stigma can
have and how women have been and continue to be affected.
Dworkin, S. & Wachs, F. (2009). Body Panic: Gender, Health, and the Selling of Fitness. (pp. 29-64). New York, NY:
New York University Press.
Dworkin is an associate professor of Medical Sociology in the Department of Social and Behavioral
Sciences at the University of California in San Francisco. Wachs is an associate professor of Sociology at
California State Polytechnic University in Pomona. Their book discusses Americas obsession with
achieving and maintaining the perfect body. They focus specifically on how fitness is marketed to both
genders. They discuss topics like stigma in media from both male and female perspectives. They go into

Weight Loss in Regards to Women- Annotated Bibliography


detail from both perspectives as well to provide good examples and information. I think this book is
provocative as well because it compares how women are portrayed to how men are portrayed to help
illustrate the difference.

Ways to Educate Safe and Healthy Ways to Lose Weight


These authors talk about the ways that women could learn more about things like media literacy and
health literacy to teach them about safe and healthy ways to lose weight.
Du Pr, A. (2014). Communicating about health: Current issues and perspectives (4th ed.). (pp. 305-307). New
York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Athena Du Pr is a professor in the Communication Arts Department at the University of West Florida.
Her textbook covers a wide range of topics involved in communicating about health, from patient-care
giver communication to telemedicine to diversity in healthcare, but the part I will focus on is the part
about media literacy. It discusses not only what media literacy is, but how it can be taught. I think that is
important and interesting information for anyone to have, but specifically women in regards to weight
loss. This is because health literacy can help women figure out what information is good to use and what
is a potential scam.
Corrarino, J. (n.d). Health Literacy and Women's Health: Challenges and Opportunities. Journal Of Midwifery &
Womens Health,58(3), 257-264.
Jane Corrarino is a Registered Nurse, the Public Health Nursing Director at Suffolk County Department of
Health Services in Hauppauge, New York, and is an adjunct professor at Stony Brook University in Stony
Brook, New York. Corrarino conducted a literature review of different articles regarding womens health
and health literacy. Her research showed that adults in the U.S. are not as health literate as they should
be and that can lead to some serious problems. She points out and suggests different ways to educate

Weight Loss in Regards to Women- Annotated Bibliography


adults on what health literacy is and why it is important. This is useful and appealing because health
literacy is something that women should know in order to learn safe and healthy ways to lose weight.