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72 / 19-11-2011
73 / 20-10-2012
74 / 19-10-2013
75 / 01-11-2014

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67

, 9 2006

,

1. .
2. ,
, , , ,
,
,
.
3.
.
4. (3)
(9-12 ). '
.
5. ' ,
,
. ...
.
6. .
7. ,
, '
..., 34, 106 79 ,
, , ,
.
8.
() ... (
).
9. 20 2007
24 2007 .
...
, 24
(, 26 2 2007), 11
(, 2007) 48
(, 2007).
10. .. ...
, ,
, . ,

.
11. , .. ...
.
12.
. /
.. .
.. ...


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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

, 9 2006

,
()
. .
. .
:

.

, ,
.
www.hms.gr,
.


..
, .


..
...


( ) 34
106 79
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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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e-mail : info@hms.gr
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67


, 9 2006


1. :

54

= 111 264 (15 + ) 5 :12 :11 + 1


6

2. 100

18 2 10;
3. 6% 0 4% .

9 3
=
6

4. =
.
x
.


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106 79
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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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e-mail : info@hms.gr
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67


, 9 2006


1. x

2. + 2 +

= 0 =10,

= ( + ) 2 ( + 2 ) 2
2
2

3. p ,
27p + 1 .
4. ,
,

3 1 10 1
a + a = 3.
2
3


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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


67


, 9 2006


1. 5
20 .
10 . 1090.

.
2.

( x + 3) = 3 + 2 x 2

.
3. , ,
:
2



+
+

+ +

4.

>

, .
= . : = .


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106 79
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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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67


, 9 2006


1. x 2 (2006 + 1) x + 2007 = 0
] , .
2. = 4, = 2
= 1 = 3 .
.
3. = 2 + 2 + 2
30 .
2

4.

+ ... + 2 2008 .
3

2 + 3 3 > 3 19

) :
) :
1

2 x+x =

38
.
3
2+ 3


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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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e-mail : info@hms.gr
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67


, 9 2006


1. f : \ \
f ( f ( x + y )) = x f ( y ) x, y \ .
h : \ \ h( x) = f ( x) + f ( x) .
2.

3x +1 x 3x 4 x 1 = 0 .


3. z1 , z2 0, .
2
:

z1

z2

z1 + z2 + 2 Re( z1 z2 )

4. , ,
.

=
=
,

,
.


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
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www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


67


, 9 2006


1.

= (111 144 :12) :11 + 1 = (111 12) :11 + 1 = 99 :11 + 1 = 9 + 1 = 10

2. 100 0 10
0,
2 0.
2 5 10 15.
5 15. 10 .

10 2 + 8 10 = 100.

3. :
6
4
2
=
= .
100
100
3
2
9 3
6 3 3
= 3
=
=
=1
2
4 3
6
3

4. x
= . x//B =

= = . = = = ,

+ + = 180 , = = = 60
0

=
= = 60 0 .


1.

=
= 1800 3 x 4 x = 1800 7 x

=
= 1800 2 x 6 x = 1800 8 x

, , :
+
+ = 1800

1800 7 x + 1800 8 x + 5 x = 1800 10 x = 1800 x = 180.

2. = (2 ) ( ) = 4
2

2
4

= 2 2 2 =

= ( ) 2 = 102 = 100.
3. =27p+1 . p=2 =27 2+1=55=5 11 ,
p2 o 27p .

4.
2

3 1 10 1
a + a = 9 ,
3
2

9 2 2 100 2 2
a +
a + 10 = 9
4
9
9 2 2 100 2 2
a +
a = 9 10 = 1, .
4
9


1. ,,,,
. :

10( + + + + ) = 1090
+ + + + = 109 (1)


:
< < < < . 20 ,,,,
:

> 20 > 20 21
> 21 > 21 22
> 22 > 22 23
> 23 > 23 24

+ + + + 110 , (1).
,
.
2. :

2 x + 3 = 3 + 2 x 2
2 x 2 x = 3 3 2
x ( 2 2 ) = 3 3 2

2 2 = 0 ( 2 ) = 0 = 0 = 2
1.
2.
3.

=0
=2
0 2

3 3 2
x=
2 2
2 )( + 1)
(
x=
( 2)

+ 1)
(
x=

3. :
2

2
2
2
3
3
3
,
+
+
+
+
+

+
+


+ + 0 ,

2
2
2

1
+ + 0,
2

.
4.

= =-= .

= =, = 1 = 2

= 1 , =.

= =, = =1 = 2 ,
=.

.
, =. =
=||=| ()|=||=, >.

1. x1 , x2 ,

x1 + x2 = 2006 + 1 (1) x1 x2 = 2007 (2) .


(2) x1 , x2 .
x1 + x2 ,
(1).
2.

( )
3

+ 12 = 4 = 22

=
= 300 ,
2

= 60 = 300.
0

1 3
1
, = = 2 = .
2 2
2

1
3


= 4 = 3. .
2
2

MB2 = B

3
3 = 2 =
2

3.

= (2 + 22 + 23 + 24 ) + 24 (2 + 22 + 23 + 24 ) +... + 22004 (2+ 22 + 23 + 24 ) =


= 30(1+ 24 + 28 +... + 22004 ) = .30
4. ) :

, :

2+33
>
2
2 + 3 3 > 26 6 .
3

+
2

> ,

23 3 = 6 6

2 6 6 3 19, 26 6 192 , 384 361


.

38

= 3
)
2 + 3 3
3

19
2
3
3
2
2
2

= 3

<
<

< 2.
3
2+ 3
x 0
2
x 2 2 x + 2 = 0 = 4( 2) < 0 .
.

x 2 2 x + 2 = x 2 2 x + 2 2 + 2 =
= ( x ) 2 + (2 2 ) 2 2 > 0


1. x = 0 f ( f ( y )) = f ( y ) y \ .
y = 0 f ( f ( x )) = x f (0) x \ .

f ( f ( x)) = f ( x) f ( f ( x)) = x f (0), x \

f ( x ) = x f (0)
f ( x ) = f (0) x (1)

f ( x ) = f (0) + x (2), x \

(1) (2) :

f ( x ) + f ( x ) = 2 f (0), x \ .

h .
2. .

3 +1 3 4 1 = 0 3 (3 ) = 4 + 1
4 + 1
4 + 1
( 3)
>0
3
3
1
(4 + 1)( 3) < 0 < < 3 {0,1, 2}.
4
3 =

, =0 =1
. =2
. =2.
3.
2
2
z1 + z2 + 2 Re z1 z2 = z1 z1 + z2 z 2 + z1 z2 + z 2 z1 = z1 + z2

( )

z1

z2

2 2

2
z1 + z2 .

z 2 z 2
+ 2 = ( + ) 1 + 2 ( z1 + z2
2

z1

z2

z1 + z2

=
=

4.

, , .
=
=
= .

= = ,
1
1
1
= =
2
2
2
.
() = ( ) = ( )
, ,
,
2.


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68

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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e-mail : info@hms.gr
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, 24 2007

1. .
2. ,
, , , ,
,
,
.
3.
.
4. (3)
(9-12 ). '
.
5. ' ,
,
. ...
.
6. .
7. ,
,
' ..., 34, 106 79
, , , ,
.
8.
() ...
( ).
9. 19 2008
23 2008 .
...
,
25 (, 2008), 12
(, 2008) 49
( , 2008).
10. , .. ...

.
.. ...


( ) 34
106 79
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www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


68


, 24 2007

B
1.

2

13
12
2007
= ( 200 : 8 + 12 100 ) + 200 : ( 8 + 2 ) + 762 ( 1) + ( 1) + ( 1) .

2.
,
, . ,
5, 4 3, .
300 400,
.
3.
200 3 .
10% .
20% ;
4.

.
300cm 2

( ),
:
()
() .


( ) 34
106 79
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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


68


, 24 2007


1
:
8
2
2
4
= ( 2 ) : ( 4 ) + ( 4 ) : ( 2 ) , B = ( x 3) 3 ( y 4 ) x ( y 2 ) y ( x + 3) .

x : > .
2

=
= 40D .


.
() x ,
() = .

3
() , ,
= {0,1, 4,5, 6,9} .
() A = aaabb , a, b
a 0 , ,
9.
4


=
= 30D .

.
()

=

.
()
= .
() .


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


68


, 24 2007


1
.
: x y
, x 50 y 40,
.
: x 100
y 20, ;
: , .
: .
; ;
2
, , R ( )( )( ) 0
:

( 1)( + 1)
( 1)( + 1)
( 1)( + 1)
+
+
.
( )( ) ( )( ) ( )( )

3
= 45D .
=
.
=
. = :
() ,
() .
4
x, y :

x6 + 2x 3 y 2 + 3x 3 + y 4 + 3y 2 - 40 = 0


( ) 34
106 79
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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


68


, 24 2007


1
x, y :

x6 + x 4 - 2x 3 - 2x 2 y 2 - 2y 2 + 2y 4 + 2 = 0 .
2

2
, , , x + x + = 0
.
3
x // ( x
).
x , (
).
.
() .
() .
4.
x, y, z \* , :

3 x 2 y + 2 yz 2 = 70 xz
7 y 2 z + 4 zx 2 = 256 xy
5 z 2 x + 6 xy 2 = 52 yz.


( ) 34
106 79
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www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


68


, 24 2007

= 30 .
=

.
() .
()
= .
D

2
() , \ 2
:

x3 ( + 4 ) x 2 = 0 x 2 4 x 2 = 0 .

() , (),

x 3 ( + 4 ) x 2 17
= .
x2 4x 2
8
3

f : \ \ :

f ( f ( x) f ( y ) ) = f ( f ( x) ) y , x, y \ ,

4
a, b c ,
, :
2

a +b b+ c c + a

+
+
2.
a-b b-c c-a


68
24 2007

1. = ( 200 : 8 + 12 100 ) + 200 : ( 8 + 2 ) + 762 ( 1) + ( 1) + ( 1)

13

= ( 25 + 1200 ) + ( 200 :10 + 762 ) ( 1) + 1 + ( 1)


= 1225 + ( 20 + 762 ) ( 1)

12

2007

= 1225 + 782 1 = 2007.


2. ,
6, 8 10. [ 6,8,10] = 120 ,

{120, 240,360, 480,...} 300 < < 400 ,


= 360.
x, y, z , , ,

x y z
= = = x + y + z = 360 .
5 4 3

x = 5 , y = 4 , z = 3
5 + 4 + 3 = 360 12 = 360 = 30.
: x = 5 30 = 150, y = 4 30 = 120, z = 3 30 = 90.
3. 200 3 = 600 .
10
200
= 20 ,
100
200 20=180 .
20%
20
600 + 600
= 720 .
100
720 :180 = 4 .
4. () x = , y = = , x = 2 y
( x + y ) = = 3 y = 2 y = 2 y = 200cm2 .
(
)
2
3

1
1
( ) = y = 200cm 2 = 100cm 2 .
2
2
1
() ( ) = 2 ( ) = 2 2 y = 2 ( y ) = 2 200 = 400cm 2 .
2

,
1
1
( ) = = 2 y 2 = 2 ( y ) = 2 200 = 400cm2 .
2
2


1.

= ( 2 ) : ( 4 ) + ( 4 ) : ( 2 ) = 28 : 42 + 42 : 24

2
= 28 : ( 22 ) + 42 : 24 = ( 28 : 24 + 42 ) : 24

= ( 24 + 42 ) : 24 = 32 :16 = 2.

B = ( x 3) 3 ( y 4 ) x ( y 2 ) y ( x + 3)
= x + 3 3 y + 12 ( xy 2 x yx 3 y )

= x 3 y + 15 xy + 2 x + xy + 3 y = x + 15.
> 2 > x + 15 x > 17 x < 17.
( ).
2. () x =

. ,
=

= .
= 40D

D
D
D

= = 180 = 180 40 = 70D .


2
2

= = 70D ,
=


= 180D 2 70D = 40D

x = 40D.

() ,
= , .
=
.
AKZ
&
=
,
AZ

=
,
AKZ
= A .
3. ()

.
0, 1, 4,
5, 6, 9,
= {0,1, 4,5, 6,9} .
() b {0,1, 4,5, 6,9}

b {1,5,9} .
9 :
3a + 2b = 9 .

(1)

b = 1 3a + 2 = .9 , .
b = 5 3a + 10 = .9, .
b = 9 3a + 18 = .9,
a {3, 6,9} . = 33399 = 66699 = 99999 .

= 2
= 60D ,
4. ()
D
D
= = 180 30 = 75D .
R = = .
2
D
D

= 2 75 = 150 ,
150D 5 2
E . ( ) = 2
=
.
360D
12
= = 75D (
()
=
= 75D ,
= 90D
= 90D
)
.
() & ,
.
2

3 2
3

2 = 2 2 2 = 2 2 =
=
.
4
2
2

3
= + = 1 +

2

1
3
( ) = +
=
2
2

(2 + 3) .
4


1. , x, y
, :
40 x 50 y = 2000
x = 100
xy = ( x 50 )( y + 40 )

.
20 x + 100 y = 2000
y = 20
xy = ( x + 100 )( y 20 )
2.
( )( )( ) 0 ,


( )(2 1)
( )( 2 1)
( )( 2 1)
=
+
+
=
( )( )( ) ( )( )( ) ( )( )( )
=

( ) 2 + ( ) 2 + ( ) 2 + ( + + )
=
( )( )( )
( ) 2 + ( ) ( 2 2 )
=
=
( )( )( )
=

( )( 2 + ( + ))
( )( )
= =
=1.
( )( )( )
( )( )

3.

45

= 45D .
() ,
, & ,
= 45D =

.

= , = 2 + 2 = 2

2
=
.
2
2

( ) =

+ 2 2
2

2 2+ 2
4

).

6
() & , ,
= x , :

x
x x+
=
=
x 2 = x + x 2 1 =
2

x=

2 1

2 +1 .

4. :
x 6 + 2 x 3 y 2 + y 4 + 3x 3 + 3 y 2 = 40


(x

(x

+ y 2 ) + 3 ( x 3 + y 2 ) + 2 = 42

+ y 2 + 1) ( x3 + y 2 + 2 ) = 42 .

x3 + y 2 + 1 x3 + y 2 + 2 ,
x3 + y 2 + 1 < x3 + y 2 + 2
42 = 1 41 = 2 21 = 3 14 = 6 7 .
:
x3 + y 2 + 1 = 1 x3 + y 2 + 2 = 42 (1)
x3 + y 2 + 1 = 2 x3 + y 2 + 2 = 21 (2)
x3 + y 2 + 1 = 3 x3 + y 2 + 2 = 14 (3)
x3 + y 2 + 1 = 6 x3 + y 2 + 2 = 7 (4)
(1), (2), (3) (4) ,
:
x3 + y 2 = 5 x = 1 y = 2 .
,
2 + 3 40 = 0, = x3 + y 2 ,
, x, y > 0 x3 + y 2 = 5 ,
x = 1 y = 2 .


1. , :
x 6
2 x3 +
x4 2 x2 y 2 + y 4 + y 4 2 y 2 + 1 = 0


1 + 



( x3 1) + ( x 2 y 2 ) + ( y 2 1) = 0
2

( x 3 1 = 0 x 2 y 2 = 0 y 2 1 = 0 ) .
( x = 1 y = 1)

( x = 1 y = 1)

2. ,
.
= 0 2 4 = 0 2 = 4 .
-
: x1 = x2 =
2
2
4 . ,
.
(
) : = 2 = 4 = 6 = 8 .

= 2 : 4 = 4 = 1 ,

= 1 = 1 .
= 4 : 16 = 4 = 4 ,

( = 1 = 4 ) ( = 4 = 1 ) ( = 2 = 2 ).
= 6 : 36 = 4 = 9 ,

( = 1 = 9 ) ( = 9 = 1 ) ( = 3 = 3 ).
= 8 : 64 = 4 = 16 ,

( = 2 = 8 ) ( = 8 = 2 ) ( = 4 = 4 ).
( , , ) :
(1, 2,1) , (1, 4, 4) , (2, 4, 2) , (1, 6,9) , (3, 6,3) , (2,8,8) , (4,8, 4) .
, .
, :
x 2 + 2 x + 1 = 0 x1 = x2 = 1 ,
x 2 + 4 x + 4 = 0 x1 = x2 = 2 ,

x 2 + 6 x + 9 = 0 x1 = x2 = 3 .
3. () , :
= = =

(1)

.
= ( ).

.
, =
2
(1)
= =
=
. ,
2
2
:

= 30o .

=
1
2
= 90o
= = 30o

1
1
:
2 = 60o
(2)
o
= = 90 )
(
. ,

(1)

= =
(3)
(2) (3)
.
.
()
.

, =
= 15o , :

2
= 15o
(4)
2

9
= = 30o ,

1
o

= 15 .
1

4. xyz 0
3xy 2 yz
7 yz 4 zx
5 zx 6 xy
+
= 70,
+
= 256,
+
= 52 ,
z
x
x
y
y
z
,
xy
yz
zx
= u,
= v,
=w
z
x
y

(1)
3u + 2v = 70

(2) .
7 v + 4 w = 256
5 w + 6u = 52
(3)


9 ( u + v + w ) = 378 .
u + v + w = 42 .
(4) (2)
7v + 4 ( 42 u v ) = 256

(4)

4u + 3v = 88.
(5)
(1) (5) u = 2, v = 32 , (4)
w = 8 .
xy
yz
zx
= 2,
= 32,
=8
(6)
z
x
y

xyz = 2 8 32 .
(7)
(6) (7)
32 x 2 = 2 8 32
x 2 = 16
x = 4
2

8 y = 2 8 32 y = 64 y = 8 ,
2

z = 16

2 z = 2 8 32
z = 256
8 :
( x, y, z ) = ( 4,8,16 ) ( 4, 8, 16 ) ( 4,8, 16 ) ( 4, 8,16 )

( 4, 8, 16 ) ( 4,8,16 ) ( 4, 8,16 ) ( 4,8, 16 ) .

10


1.

() ( = ,
,
) =
. .
= 2
= 60D ,
()
R = = .
. =
= . &
.

3
= 1 +

2

3 2
= +
= 2 + 3
+
2
4

),
( =


2
=
=
= 2 + 3 .

( ) =

) (

+ 2 + 3 2 + 3
2

) = (9 + 5 3 )
2

2. () 2 :
8 2 ( + 4 ) 2 = 0
= 2

.
= 3
4 4 2 2 = 0
() =2 =3 :
2 x 3 7 x 2 17
= .
3x 2 4 x 4 8

11
2 x3 7 x 2 = ( x 2 ) ( 2 x 2 + 4 x + 1)
3 x 2 4 x 4 = ( x 2 )( 3 x + 2 ) .


2 x 2 + 4 x + 1 17
2

= , x \ 2, .
3x + 2
8
3

16 x 2 19 x 26 = 0, x \ 2,
3

13
2

x = 2 x = , x \ 2,
16
3

13
x= .
16

3. x = y = 0 (1) :
f ( f (0) f (0) ) = f ( f (0) ) 0
f (0) = f ( f (0) )

(2)

(1) y f ( x)
:
(3)
f ( f ( x) f ( f ( x) ) ) = f ( f ( x) ) f ( x)
(3) x = 0 :
f ( f (0) f ( f (0) ) ) = f ( f (0) ) f (0)

(2) f ( f (0) ) = f (0) = 0 .

(1) x = 0 , :
f ( f (0) f ( y ) ) = f ( f (0) ) y f ( f (0) ) = f (0) = 0 ,

f ( f ( y) ) = y .

(4)

(1) y x :
f ( f ( x) f ( x) ) = f ( f ( x) ) x f (0) = f ( f ( x) ) x
f ( f ( x) ) = x

(5)

(4) y f ( x) , :
f ( f ( f ( x) ) ) = f ( x)
(5) ,
f ( x) = f ( x) , x \ ,
f .

4. x =

a+b
,
a b
a x +1
=
b x 1

(1)

12
( x 1 , b 0 ). , y =

b+c
c+a
, z=
,
bc
ca

b y +1
=
(2)
c y 1
c z +1
.
(3)

=
a z 1
(1), (2) (3)
( x + 1)( y + 1)( z + 1) = abc = 1 xy + yz + zx = 1.
( x 1)( y 1)( z 1) bca

2
0 ( x + y + z ) = x 2 + y 2 + z 2 + 2 ( xy + yz + zx ) = x 2 + y 2 + z 2 2
x2 + y 2 + z 2 2 0
x 2 + y 2 + z 2 2.

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69


, 1 2008

B
1. :
= 42 252 + 2008 : 4 + (33 52 ) 249 104
5
2. Ay
. Ax
:
D

A=62
= .
()
.
2
()
.

3

3. :
21 42 21
<
< ,
5
4

= + 5(4 + ) + 3( 4) + 1919 .
5
4.
60% 80% .
, , , , , .
100 200.
80% 60%
,
.
5

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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69

, 1 2008

3 4 4
2 3 + x
2

,
1. : A =
0
1 (1)2009

(2) 2 + (1) 2
x

+ .
B=
5
2

A = B , x .

2. ( + 2, 4 1) ), , Oxy . :
() ,
()
() , ,
Ox Oy, .
5
3. = , = 2 .
.
5
.

4.

45 22
= 900 , ,
6
= 2003 (1) (1) +1 + 4 (1) + 2 .
5


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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


69


, 1 2008


1
1
x 8
4
1255 x . x .
5

1.

2. x, y z 0 x y z
xyz + xy + yz + zx + x + y + z = 44 .
5
3. :

, .
( ).
5
4.
x2 y = z 2 , y 2 z = x2 , z 2 x = y 2 ,
:
() x3 + y 3 + z 3 = 3 xyz .
() x, y , z 0.
5


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106 79
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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


69


, 1 2008


1. , ,
15. 25.
5
2. & = = 90D .
.
.
5
3. ( x, y, z ) x y z ,

x2 ( y z ) + y 2 ( z x ) + z 2 ( x y ) = 2 ,
x + y + z = 300 .

5
4. .

.
= , = ,
,
. , .
5


( ) 34
106 79
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www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


69


, 1 2008

1. 120 ,

= 4 + 5 = 3 + 4 .
5
2. = n 2 n + 1 B = n 2 + n + 1 , n .
5
3. ( x, y, z ) x y z

xy ( x y ) + yz ( y z ) + zx ( z x ) = 6.
;
5

4. .

.
= 2 , = 2
, .
, .
5


69


, 1 2008


B
1. :
= 42 252 + 2008 : 4 + (33 52 ) 249 104

2
= 42 252 + 2008 : 4 + (33 52 ) 249 104 = ( 4 25 ) + 502 + ( 27 25 ) 249 104

= 1002 + 502 + 2 249 10000 = 10000 + 502 + 498 10000 = 1000


2. Ay
.
Ax

D

A=62
= .
()
.
() .

x
=
x .
() y A
+
x = 1800
= 1800 620 = 1180 ,

x

59D .
y &
x = 590 =
= 590 .
=

() = .
.
=

y
=
( )

(1) (2) :
=
,

(1)
(2)

3. :

21 42 21
<
< ,
5
4

= + 5(4 + ) + 3( 4) + 1919 .

:
21 42 21
42 42 42
<
<

<
<
8 < < 10 ,
5
4
10
8
= 9 , . :
= 9 + 5(4 + 9) + 3(9 4) + 1919 = 9 + 5 13 + 3 5 + 1919 = 2008 .

4.
60% 80% .
, , , , , .
100 200.
80% 60%
,
.

1 , 1
3
1 = .5 + 3 1 3 = .5


,
1 = .7 + 3 1 3 = .7
1 3 5 7.
1 3 (5,7)=35,
35, 70, 105, 140,...,
1
38, 73, 108, 143,....
,
60
60
60
100 < < 200
100 <
<
100 60 < 1 < 120 ,
100
100
100
1 73 108. 1
3, 1 = 108 ,
:
100
= 108
= 180.
60

2 108 = 216 , :
100
= 216
= 270 .
80
180+270=450 .


1. :
4
3 4 4

2 3 + x
2

A=
,
0
1 (1)2005

(2) 2 + (1) 2
x

+
B=
5
2

A = B , x .

1 ( 1)

2009

2009
= 1 ( 1) = 2 0 1 ( 1) = 1 , :

3 4 4
2 3 + x 34
2
= 4 24 34 + x = x .
A=
2005 0
2
1 (1)

2

2
(2) 2 + (1) 2
x ( 4 + 1)
x
x
B=
+ =
+ = 5+ .
5
2
5
2
2


= x = 5+

x
2 x = 10 + x x = 10.
2

2. ( + 2, 4 1) ), , Oxy . :
() ,
() ,
() , ,
Ox Oy, .

() :
1
+ 2 > 0 4 1 > 0 < 2 > ,
4
, , = 1 .
() = 1 (1,3) ,

= 12 + 32 = 10 .
()

( ) = 1 3 = 3

3. = , = 2 .
.
.

,

2
2

.
2
2
3 9
=
, 2 2 ,
4
2
2

1
2

2 =
2 2
4

2
1 2
2 = 2 . :
2
9 2 2
4 2 8 2
=

2 2 2 =
= ( 2 ) 2 .
4
4
4

2
45 2
4.
= 900 , ,
6
= 2003 (1) (1) +1 + 4 (1) + 2 .

45 .22
45 4
45 4

2
2
2
= 900

= 900 30 = 2 3 5

6
6
.
6
30 = ( 2 3 5 ) 30 = 302 30 2 = 1,
2

2 = 0 = 2 , 2 30 2 1.
:
= 2003 (1) 2 (1) 2+1 + 4(1)2+ 2 = 2003 1 ( 1) + 4 1 = 2003 + 1 + 4 = 2008. .


1
1
x 8
4
1255 x . x .

1.


x x
x x
5x
1255 8
+ + 1255 = x x = 1255
= 1255 x =
= 2008.
8 4
8 4
8
5
2. x, y z :
0 x y z,
xyz + xy + yz + zx + x + y + z = 44 .

:
xyz + xy + yz + zx + x + y + z = 44
xyz + xy + yz + zx + x + y + z + 1 = 45
xy ( z + 1) + x( z + 1) + y ( z + 1) + ( z + 1) = 45

( xy + x + y + 1) ( z + 1) = 45

( x + 1)( y + 1)( z + 1) = 45.


x, y, z x y z , :
1 x +1 y +1 z +1.
(1) (2) 45 = 1 3 3 5
( x + 1, y + 1, z + 1) = (1,3,15 ) (1,5,9 ) ( 3,3,5 ) (1,1, 45 )

(1)
(2)

( x, y, z ) = ( 0, 2, 14 ) ( 0, 4, 8 ) ( 2, 2, 4 ) ( 0, 0, 44 ) .

3. :

, .
( )

( = ).
1 .
. :
=
=
(. 3) :

=
= = 2x , ( ,
= = x

1
2
1
+
+ = 180 :

5 x = 180 o x = 36 o .
= 108o
= = 36o .


=

= , .


=

=
,
= 90D = = 450 ,


= BA
. , B
= = 45 .
: B
+ =
180
=

= 90 , B
=

2 .

:


= , (. 4)
=

:
=
=
= x

1
2
= = 2x ,
1

1 ,

=
= = 2 x = x.
x +
2
2

+ = 1800 +
:
5 x = 180o x = 36o .
:
= 36o
= = 72o .

= x
=
=
= y ,

y = 2 x 3 x + 2 y = .

= , = = 3 .

7
7

7
4. x, y z
x2 y = z 2 , y 2 z = x2 , z 2 x = y 2 ,
:
() x3 + y 3 + z 3 = 3 xyz .
() x, y , z 0.

() :
x2 + y 2 + z 2 ( x + y + z ) = x2 + y 2 + z 2
x+ y+ z =0,

(1)

(), z = ( x + y )

x3 + y 3 + z 3 = x3 + y 3 + ( x + y )

= x3 + y 3 x3 y 3 3xy ( x + y )
= 3 xy ( z ) = 3xyz.
() x + y + z = 0 z = x y , x 2 y = z 2

2
x 2 y = ( x + y ) y = 2 xy + y 2

y ( y + 2 x + 1) = 0 y = 0 y = 2 x 1.
y = 0 x + z = 0 z = x , :
x = x2 x = 0 x = 1 ,

( x, y, z ) = ( 0, 0, 0 ) (1, 0, 1) .

y = 2 x 1 (1)
z = x y = x +1,
y , z

x ( x + 1) = 0 x = 0 x = 1 .

( x, y, z ) = ( 0, 1,1) ( 1,1, 0 ) .
x, y , z 0.
2 ()
x 2 y = z 2 , y 2 z = x 2 , z 2 x = y 2 y 2 ,
z 2 x 2 , ,
( x 2 z 2 ) y 2 = y 3 , ( y 2 x 2 ) z 2 = z 3 , ( z 2 y 2 ) x 2 = x3 ,

:
x3 + y 3 + z 3 = 0 .
() xyz = 0 , x, y , z
0.


1. , 2, 15.
25.

15 : 100 x + 15 , x .
:
S = ( 100 x1 + 15 ) + ( 100 x 2 + 15 ) + " + ( 100 x15 + 15 ) = 100( x1 + x2 + " + x15 ) + 15 15 =

= 25 4( x1 + x2 + " + x15 ) + 25 9 = 25 [ 4( x1 + x2 + " + x15 ) + 9] ,


25.

:
, 100 x + .
:
, 1000 x + .
3. & = = 90D .
.
.

(1 )
= = = 90D ,
,
= .
(1)

6

.

.
(2)
=
2

,
2
= 90D .
.

(1) (2) =

7
2
, O .
= 90o ,
=

= 90o ( ).
, , , , .
3. ( x, y, z ) x y z -

x2 ( y z ) + y 2 ( z x ) + z 2 ( x y ) = 2 ,
x + y + z = 300 .

x2 ( y z ) + y 2 ( z x ) + z 2 ( x y ) = 2 x2 y x2 z + y 2 z y 2 x + z 2 x z 2 y = 2

( x2 y y 2 x ) ( x2 z y 2 z ) + ( z 2 x z 2 y ) = 2

xy ( x y ) z ( x y )( x + y ) + z 2 ( x y ) = 2

( x y ) xy z ( x + y ) + z 2 = 2 ( x y ) ( xy zx zy + z 2 ) = 2

( x y )( y z )( x z ) = 2.
x y , y z , x z
0. , x y z
x y 0 x z y z > 0

( x y) + ( y z) = x z ,
x y , y z , x z :
x y = 1, y z = 1, x z = 2 .

10
,
, :
x y = 1, y z = 1 x = y + 1, z = y 1,
y .

( x, y, z ) = ( k + 1, k , k 1) ,

k .

x + y + z = 300 :
( k + 1) + k + ( k 1) = 300 3k = 300 k = 100,

( x, y, z ) = (101, 100, 99 ) .
4. .

.
= , = ,
,
. , .

, , .

, .

. =


, , :
=
(1)
= .
(2)

8
=
, , :
=
(3)
= .
(4)

11
.
, :
+
.
(5)
=
2
(1) (3) (5)
+ +
.
(6)
=
=
=
2
2
2
, , (2) (4)
= ,
= = = .
(7)

. ,
.
2

.
z , a , a . JJJJG
z + a , =
JJJJG JJJG
JJJG
n
, = 90D ,
JJJG JJJG JJJG
i ( z + a ) . = + , ,

a + i ( z + a ) .

JJJJG JJJG
n
, , = 90D ,

a i ( z a ) .

a + i ( z + a ) + a i ( z a )
= ai ,
2
, z , .

12

1. 120 ,
= 4 + 5 = 3 + 4 .


, .
, .

(4 + 5 ) = (3 + 4 ) = ,
.
,
. = 4 + 5 = 3 + 4 = + ,
o :

5( ) = 4( ) = ,
.
120 .
2. = n 2 n + 1 B = n 2 + n + 1 , n .

= n(n - 1) + 1 = n(n + 1) + 1, ,
n(n - 1) n(n + 1) . ,
= 2n>0, < . + 1, + 3, , + (2 - 1), , .
+(2-1) = 1,

- = 2 2n = 2 = n.
n ,
+ 1, + 3, , + (2n - 1),

(1 + 2n 1) n = n3 + n .
= nA + [1 + 3 ++ (2n - 1)] = n3 n 2 + n +
2
3. ( x, y, z ) x y z

xy ( x y ) + yz ( y z ) + zx ( z x ) = 6.
;

13
xy ( x y ) + yz ( y z ) + zx ( z x ) = x 2 y xy 2 + y 2 z yz 2 + z 2 x zx 2

= xy ( x y ) + ( x y ) z 2 ( x 2 y 2 ) z

= ( x y ) xy + z 2 xz yz

= ( x y ) [ x( y z ) z ( y z ) ]
= ( x y ) ( y z) ( x z ) .
:
( x y )( y z )( x z ) = 6 .
x y , y z , x z
0. x y z x y 0 x z y z > 0 , 6 1, 2, 3, 6,
x y , y z , x z , :
(1)
x y = 1, y z = 2 , x z = 3
x y = 2, y z = 1, x z = 3
(2)
x y = 1, y z = 1, x z = 6
(3)
, (3) . (1) (2) ,
, :
(1) :
x y = 1, y z = 2 x = y + 1, z = y 2,
y .

( x, y, z ) = ( k + 1, k , k 2 ) ,

k .

(2) :
( x, y, z ) = ( k + 2, k , k 1) , k .
( x, y, z ) = ( k + 1, k , k 2 ) , k ] ,

S = ( k + 1) + k 2 + ( k 2 ) = 3k 2 2k + 5 ,
2

1
k k = ] .
3
2
S ( k ) = 3k 2k + 5 1
S ( 0 ) = 5 S (1) = 6 , S
3
=0 ( x, y, z ) = (1, 0, 2 ) .

( x, y, z ) = ( k + 2, k , k 1) , k ] ,

S = ( k + 2 ) + k 2 + ( k 1) = 3k 2 + 2k + 5 ,
2

1
k k = ] .
3
2
S ( k ) = 3k + 2k + 5 -

14
1
S ( 0 ) = 5 S ( 1) = 6 , S
3
=0 ( x, y, z ) = ( 2, 0, 1) .


5
( x, y, z ) = (1, 0, 2 ) ( x, y, z ) = ( 2, 0, 1) .
4. .

.
= 2 , = 2
, .
, .

, , .

, .

. ,

, :

=
=
= 2,

:
= 2
(1)
= 2 .
(2)

10

15
, , :
= 2
(3)
= 2 .
(4)
.
, :
=

+
.
2

(5)

(1) (3) (5)


=

+ 2 + 2 2
=
=
= .
2
2
2

(6)

, , (2) (4)
= ,

= = = .

(7)


. , .


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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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www.hms.gr


70


, 21 2009

B
1
a = 4 2

1
3 5

b = 5 +
, :
5
2
2
1
A = a : b 2009 b
.
5a

5
2
4.
(i) ;
(ii) , , 39 50, 4 1.
5
3
1400
AB ,
1 6, .
() .
()
.
5

4
1
1
,
,

4
5
1
, 80
8
. , , 12 , :
() ;
() ;
5


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
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www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


70


, 21 2009


1
, :

( 1) 2 v +1
( 1)3v
A = 4 ( 1) + 2
7
.
5
5
v

5
2
O 5 2. .
5
3
1 , 2 , . 1
4, 2

( ) : y = 2 x (0,6).

() .
() , xy , 1 , 2
2 xx .
5
4
r1 , r2 , r3 0 < r1 < r2 < r3 . 1 r1 , r2 , 2 r2 , r3 .

r2 r1 = r3 r2 r3 = 3r1 ,

( 1 )
, ( 1 ) ( 2 )
( 2 )

1 2 , .
5

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
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www.hms.gr


70


, 21 2009


1

75. .
5
2
,

4 2 + 4 + 2 2 + +1 ,

= 2 + 2 34.
5
3
.
() , ,
=
, .
=
() (
=
,
), , =
.
5
4 .
( ) .
( ) .
( ) , , .
: ,
. . , , o
;
;
5

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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106 79
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70


, 21 2009


1
, , :

4 1 1 +

.
+ 2
5

2
, C (O, R) . 1 , 1 , 1
, , 2 , 2 , 2
, , , 2 1 2 12 1
1 2 , 12 1 2 .
5
3
x, y x 2009 y 2009 :

x 2009 + y + 2009 =

x+ y
+1,
2

x y+2
.
2
5

4
:

( x + y )3 = z 2 x y

3
( y + z ) = x 2 y z
( z + x )3 = y 2 z x

( ) ,

.
5

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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106 79
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e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


70


, 21 2009


1 .
x, y

2 x 2 + 3x ( x 2 ) + 11x 10 y = 2015
2
f : \ \ :

f ( x f ( y )) f ( y f ( x )) = 2 f ( f ( x ) f ( y )) ,
x, y \ . f ( x f ( x )) = 0 , x \ .
5

000
000
 "

,
2

00" 00 , 2 .
: 33
33 .
5
4 .
, C (O, R) 1 , 1 , 1
R
R
, , . C1 ( 1 , ) , C2 (1 , )
2
2
R
C3 (1 , ) . C1 , C2 , C3 ( )
2
2 , 2 , 2 , , .
1 2 , 12 , 1 2 .
5


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
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www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


70

, 21 2009


B
1
a = 4 2

1
3 5
, :
b = 5 +

5
2 2
1
A = a : b 2009 b .
5a

1 4 11 20 11 9
3 5
3 5
8

= 5 = 5 = 5 4 = 1,
a = 42 = =
= b = 5 +
5 1 5
5 5 5
2 2
2 2
2
:
1 9 2009
1
9
1 9
1 76
31
A = a : b 2009 b
= :1 1
= :1 1 = 1 =
1 = .
9 5
5a 5
9 5
9 45
45
5
5
2
4.
(i) ;
(ii) ,
39 50, 4
1.

(i)
(ii)

:
= 4, , = 4 + 1 = 4 + 2 = 4 + 3
.
= 4 + 1, :
39 < 4 + 1 < 50 38 < 4 < 49 9,5 < < 12, 25
, , = 10
= 11 = 12 = 41 = 45 =49.

3
1400
AB
1 6, .
) .
)
.

= 1800
+ = 1800 1400 = 400.
) :

+ = 1400 , :
=
1 6

= , = 6 + 6 = 1400 = 200.
= =
1 6

: = 200 = 1200 .

1
) .
,
1800 . :

=
+
= 90D
+.
(1)

2
= 400 ,
= 1800 1200 = 600 , (1)

= 500 .

1
1
,
4
5

1
80
8
.
, ,
12 , :
) ;
,

) ;
(1 )
1 1 1 23
23
.

) + + =
4 5 8 40
40
12 .
40 23 17
.
80 -12=68

=
40 40 40
:
17
40
68 :
= 68 = 4 40 = 160 .
40
17
1
) 160 12 = 32 12 = 20 .
5

2
) x , ,
, :
x x x
+ + + 80 12 = x ,
4 5 8

10 x + 8 x + 5 x + 3200 480 = 40 x 17 x = 2720 x = 160.
x
160
) 12 =
12 = 20 .
5
5


1
, :
(1) 2 v +1
(1)3v
A = 4 (1)v + 2
7
.
5
5

(1)3
(1) 2 v +1
(1)3v
(1)
v
A = 4 (1) + 2
7
= 4 (1) + 2
7
5
5
5
5
v

2 7 ( 1)
7
2 13 ( 1) 2

= 4 (1)
= 4 ( 1) =
,
5
5
5
5
5

:
13 2 11
, =
= .
5
5
, = 3 .

2
O 5 2.
.

5 2, = 5 + 2 ,
. , ,
, . ,
= 2 + 1, .
,
= 5 ( 2 + 1) + 2 = 10 + 7 ,
10 7,
, 7.
7 ,
7.
3
1 , 2 . 1
4 , 2
( ) : y = 2 x (0,6).
) .
) ,
xy ,
2 xx .

) 1 y = 4 x , 2 y = 2 x + ,
(). (0,6),
6 = 2 0 + = 6 . 2 y = 2 x + 6.

( 3,12 ) .

2
) 2 x ( 3, 0 ) ,
3, 12. :

() =

1
3 12 = 18 ..
2

4
r1 , r2 , r3 0 < r1 < r2 < r3 . 1
r1 , r2 2
r2 , r3 .

r2 r1 = r3 r2 r3 = 3r1 ,

( 1 )
, ( 1 )
( 2 )

( 2 ) 1 2 , .

2
2
( 1 ) ( r2 r1 ) ( r2 r1
=
=
( 2 ) ( r32 r22 ) ( r3 r2

)(r + r ) = r + r ,
)(r + r ) r + r
2

r2 r1 = r3 r2 . r2 =

(1)
r1 + r3
, ,
2

r1 + 3r1
= 2r1 . (1)
2
( 1 ) r2 + r1
3r1
3r 3
=
=
= 1= .
( 2 ) r3 + r2 3r1 + 2r1 5r1 5

r3 = 3r1 r2 =

, r2 =

r1 + 3r1
= 2r1
2


( 1 )

( 2 )

( r22 r12 )

( r32 r22 )

( 2r1 ) r12
2

= 3r1 = 3 .
2
2
2
( 3r1 ) ( 2r1 ) 5r1 5

1

75. .

x ,

x 2 10 x = 75 x 2 10 x 75 = 0 x = 15 x = 5 .
,
15.
2

4 2 + 4 + 2 2 + +1 ,
= 2 + 2 34.
.

(2 )

2 2

+ ( 22 )

+2

2 2 + 0 ( 2 2 ) + ( 2 + 2 ) 2 2 + 0 ( 2 2 2 + 2 ) 0
2


2 2 2 + 2 = 0 2 4 = 1 4 = 0.


= 2 + 2 = 2 + 4 + 2 = 2 ( 24 + 1) = 17 2 = 34 2 1 ,

34, .
3
.
() , ,
=
,
=
.
()
=
,
, , =
.

()
( = , = ) ,
=
. ,
=
,

.

,

= 90D
=


. ,

= ,

5
() () ,

=
.


, :


=


=
,



. ().
, :

=
,

,
= , . = .

, , ,
.
4
( ) .
( )
. ( )
( ) .
: ,
.

.
, o (
) ;
;

x , .
(
) :
x x2 x3
12
(1) --
+

= 1 5 x = 12 + 6 6 x =
3
4
6
5
x x2 x3
14
(2) --
+

= 1 5 x = 12 + 8 6 x =
4
3
6
5
(3) --

x x2 x3
17

+
= 1 5 x = 12 + 9 4 x =
3
6
4
5

(4) --

x x2 x3

+
= 1 5 x = 12 + 12 4 x = 4
4
6
3

(5) --

x x 1 x
16
+
= 1 5 x = 12 + 4 x =
4
3
6
5

(6) --

x x 1 x
+
= 1 5 x = 12 + 3 x = 3
3
4
6

-- x = 4 (
(4)).
-- x = 3
( (6)).
(4) ( ),
.

x
x
,
.
4
x2
.
x 2
6
x 3
x3
. (4).
3
(6) ( ),
(
).
x
x
,
.
3
x 1
x 1
.
4
x
.
x ,
6
(6).
.

1 (
, , :

4 1 1 +
.

+ 2

+
2

(1)

).
2


4
1 1
+ ,
+

(2)


4
1 1
4
+
2
2
+

4 ( + ) 0 ( ) .
+
+

(1) (2)

4 1 1 +

.
+ 2

2 .
, C (O, R) . 1 , 1 , 1
, , 2 , 2 , 2
, , , 2 1 2 12 1
1 2 , 12 1 2 .

, :
= = = R .

6
2 1 , :
R
(1) .
2 1 =
=
2
2
12 , :
R
(2) .
12 =
=
2
2
R
.
2
(1) (2)

11 2 2 ,
.

10

12 2 1
,
.
3 .
x, y x 2009 y 2009 :
x+ y
x 2009 + y + 2009 =
+1,
2

x y+2
.
=
2

: x 2009 y 2009.

x 2009 = a

y + 2009 = b , x = a 2 + 2009

y = b 2 2009 , x + y = a 2 + b 2 .
:
a 2 + b2
a+b =
+ 1 a 2 + b 2 2a 2b + 2 = 0
2
( a 1) + ( b 1) = 0 a 1 = b 1 = 0 a = b = 1,
2

x = 2010, y = 2008 = 2010.


4
:
( x + y ) 3 = z 2 x y

3
( y + z ) = x 2 y z
( z + x )3 = y 2 z x

( )

x + y = , y + z = z + x = , :

3 + 2 =
( 2 + 2 ) =
3

2
+ 2 = ( + 2 ) =
3 + 2 =
( 2 + 2 ) =

:
= = =0.
.
0 :

( 2 + 2 )( 2 + 2 )( 2 + 2 ) = ( 2 + 2 )( 2 + 2 )( 2 + 2 ) = 1 .
, .
= 0 : = = 0 .
= 0 : = = 0 .
= 0 : = = 0 .

11

= = = 0 .
:
x + y = 0

y + z = 0 x = y = z = 0 .
z + x = 0


1
x, y

2 x 2 + 3 x ( x 2 ) + 11x 10 y = 2015 .


x ( x + 1) 2 y = 403 .

(1)

x, y x ( x + 1) 2 y
x ( x + 1) 2 y ,
403.

2
f : \ \ :
f ( x f ( y ) ) f ( y f ( x ) ) = 2 f ( f ( x ) f ( y ) ) , x, y \ .

f ( x f ( x)) = 0 , x \ .

y x :
f ( x f ( x )) f ( x f ( x )) = 2 f ( f ( x ) f ( x )) ,
f ( 0 ) = 0 .
x 0 :

f (0 f ( y )) f ( y f (0 )) = 2 f ( f (0 ) f ( y ))
f ( 0 ) = 0 , :
f ( f ( y )) f ( y ) = 2 f ( f ( y )) f ( f ( y )) = f ( y ) .
( ) y x :
f ( f ( x )) = f ( x ) .

(1)

y 0 :

f ( x f (0 )) f (0 f ( x )) = 2 f ( f ( x ) f (0 ))
f ( 0 ) = 0 , :
f ( x ) f ( f ( x )) = 2 f ( f ( x )) .

12

(2)

( 1 ) ( 2 ) : f ( f ( x )) = f ( x ) , x R .
y f ( x )
f ( x f ( x )) = 0 , x R .

3.
000
000
 "


00" 00 , 2 . :
33
33 .

000
000
 "

11 . , ;
00"00 = 10 0 + 0 10 1 + " + 0 10 2 + 10 2 +1 =
= + 10 2 +1 =
= ( 1 + 10 2 +1 ) =
2
2 1
= ( 1 + 10 )( 10
10

+ "
+
1 ) = 11 .

1 , 2 , 3 .

000
000
 "

. : 3
2

3 . (1)
1 , 2 , 3 3 ,
.
3 1 , 2 , 3 .
:
1) 3k + 1 , 1 + 2 + 3 = 3m
2) 3k + 2 , 1 + 2 + 3 = 3n
3k + 1
3k + 2 ,
.
1 , 2 , 3 00"00
11 , 11 .
, .

4 .
, C (O, R) 1 , 1 , 1
R
, , . C1 ( 1 , ) ,
2
R
R
C2 (1 , ) C3 (1 , ) . C1 , C2 , C3
2
2
13

( ) 2 , 2 , 2
, , . 1 2 , 12 , 1 2
.

111 .
=

1
, 111
2

R
.
2

7
R

2
111 . (
Euler )
2 , 2 , 2 , , , :
R
12 = 12 = 1 2 = 12 = 1 2 = 12 = .
2
( 12 , 12 , 1 2 , 12 , 1 2 , 12
1 , 1 , 1 , 1 , 1
1 .)
R
R
R
C1 (1 , ) , C2 (1 , ) C3 (1 , )
2
2
2
2 , 2 , 2 .
111

14

R

2
,
( 2 1 = // 2 1 , 1 2 = // 12 ,.).
:
2 1
. 1 2
1 2 .
1 2 2 1
. 12 1 2
12 .
1 1 2 2
. 12 12
12 .
1 1 2 2 12

15


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr, : www.hms.gr

71

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
Site: www.hms.gr
e-mail : info@hms.gr




, 30 2010

1. .
2. ,
, , , ,
,
,
.
3.
.
4. (3)
(9-12 ). '
.
5. ' ,
,
. ...
.
6. .
7. ,
,
' ..., 34, 106 79 ,
, , ,
.
8.
() ...
9. 15 2011
26 2011 .
...
,
28 (, 2011), 15
(, 2011) 52
(, 2010).
10. , .. ...

.
11.
..
.
.. ...


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


71


, 30 2010

B
1. x = 32 4 23 : 4 + 25 y = 4 52 43 + 7 32 .
() x y .
() x y
.
2. , .
6. ,
7, 16, 32
248.
3. . .

= 700
.
= 1300 , :

.
)

.
) o
4. .
80 , 120 .
2600 .
10% ,
:
. .
. 150%
.
5


71


, 30 2010

1. x + y = 3 ( 2 )

3 3 6
y w = , :
5 5
= 7 x + 10 y 3w 87 .
4

2. , :
() 4,
() ,
() 5 ,
()
1.
= 1200 .
3.
x y ,
= 1200 ,
= 600 2 3
, .

, :
. .
. .
. .
4. 2 . 1

C ( , )

, , . 2
C ( , ) .

.
( ,, ) C ( , )

C ( , ) .
. ( 1 ) ( 2 )

1 2 , ,

( 1 )
( 2 )

13
.
5
. x C ( , x )

( ,, )
.
5

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
: www.hms.gr


71


, 30 2010


1. -

x 2 5 x = 14,

x 1 x 2 1 x ( x 1)
.
+
<
2
4
4

2. , , , ,
:

= 4 + 2 3 + 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 2 2 + 2 4 .

3. :

x
4
x 1 2 5 x
1 =

= + .
,
y
2
2
3y 3 3
4. = .
() . ()
, = < .
.

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
: www.hms.gr


71


, 30 2010

1. x, y, z
x2 y z = x 2
y2 z x = y 2
z 2 x y = z 2,
x + y + z = 6 x, y, z .

2. c1 ( , ) (
R1 = ) c2 ( , ) ( R2 = ). c1 ( , )
. c2 ( , )
.
. .
. = = 30o ,
.
3. x, y x + y = 4 , :

( 2 x + 1)
x

( 2 y + 1)
+
y

25 .

= 90o ) .
4. (

. ,
.
5

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


71


, 30 2010

1.

( 2x

+ 3 x + 1) ( x 2 + 3x + 2 ) = 7 ( x 2 1) .
3

2. .

.
, .
3. 2m , m ,
.
. ,

.
.
.
10 , 20 ,
30 ...
. m 3 ,
7 .
. 210 ,
.
4. c1 (O1 , r1 ) c2 (O 2 , r2 ) A
B , . M c1 (O1 , r1 ) , c2 (O 2 , r2 )
r1 < r2 , MA < MB .
5


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106 79
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www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


71


, 30 2010


1. x = 32 4 23 : 4 + 25 y = 4 52 43 + 7 32 .
() x y .
() ,
x y .

()
x = 32 4 23 : 4 + 25 = 9 4 8 : 4 + 32 = 9 32 : 4 + 32 = 9 8 + 32 = 33 .
y = 4 52 43 + 7 32 = 4 25 64 + 7 9 = 100 64 + 63 = 99 .
()
x, y . ( 33,99 ) = 33 , = 33 .
2. , .
6. ,
7,
16, 32 248.


, 16, 32 248.
16 32 248
16 0
8 ,
0 0
8
= (16, 32, 248 ) = 8 .

: = 8 6 + = 48 + ,
0 7 .
= 1 , = 49 ,
7.
= 49 = 8 .

2
3. .
.

= 700
= 1300 , :
.
.
)

.
) o

= = 70o ,(
. / / :
1
, ).

/ / , : = 1 = 180o 130o = 50o . ( ,
1
,
).
,
, :
,
+
= 180o
+ = 180o
= 180o 70o 50o = 60o .

= = 70 = 35o .
, :
.
1
2
2
o

, / / , : I1 = 1 = 35 , I1 , 1
, I .

50o
, : 1 = =
= 25o .
2
2
o

E / / , : I 2 = 1 = 25 , I 2 , 1
E, .
4. .
80 , 120 .
2600 .
10%
,
:
. .

3
. 150%
.

. 120+80=200
,
2600:200=13 . 120
120 13 = 1560 .
10
1560
= 156 .
100
. x
,
150 3x
x
=
.
100 2

3x
2600
80 x + 120
= 2600 80x + 180x = 2600 260x = 2600 x =
= 10 .
2
260
3 10

= 15
2
, 120 15 = 1800
10
1800
= 180 .
100


3 4
1. x + y = 3 ( 2 ) y w =
5
: = 7x + 10y 3w 87 .
2

3 6
,
5

2
x + y = 3 ( 2 ) = 3 4 = 12

3 4
y w =
5

24
24
24
24
3 6
3 3
3 5
= =
5 5
5 3
5
.
24

3 5
= = 124 = 1.
5 3
:

= 7x + 10y 3w 87 = 7x + 7y + 3y 3w 87

= 7 ( x + y ) + 3 ( y w ) 87 = 7 12 + 3 1 87 = 84 + 3 87 = 0.
2. ,
:
() 4,
() ,
() 5 ,
()
1.

xyzw = 1000 x + 100 y + 10 z + w


. , () w = 0 4 8 , ()
z = 0 2 4, . , () y = 1 5 .
:
x100, x124, x148, x500, x524, x548 .
() 4500, 4524, 4548 ,
0.
= 1200 .
3.
x y , ,
= 1200 ,
= 600
, .

2 3 , :
. .
. .
. .

= 120o ,
. 1 2 =
= 60o . = 60o .
1

2
. (x) E (y)
=
=
90D = 1200 90D = 30o .
, :
1

: = ( ),
=
= 30o . ,
2 = 2 = 120o
1
3
= .

,
= = 300 , .
= 60D =

.
.
H :
2
2
3 2
2 = 2 + 2 2 =
+ 2 3
= 12 = 4 .
4
4
H :

3
= + , = + 2 3
2
12 + 8 3 .
2

2 = 48 = 4 3 .

12 ,

3+ 2 3
.
3

4. 2 . 1

C ( , )
, , . 2
C ( , ) .

. ( ,, )

C ( , ) C ( , ) .
. ( 1 ) ( 2 ) 1 2 ,

( 1 )
13

.
5
( 2 )

. x C ( , x )

( ,, ) .

()
2 = 2 + 2 2 = 2 2 = 2 ,

( ( ,, ) ) = 2

2 = 2 2 2 = 2 .

() 1

2 , .

( 1 ) = 2

( 2 ) = 2 2 4 2 = ( 2 4 ) 2 .
2

2 ,
,
( 2 ) = ( 2 ) 2 = 4 2 2 = ( 4 ) 2 .
2

( 1 ) 2 4
=
:
( 2 ) 4

( 1 ) 2 4 13
72
=
> 5 ( 2 4 ) > 13 ( 4 ) 23 > 72 >
3,1304 ,
( 2 ) 4
5
23
, 3,14 .
() < x < 2
,
2
2 x 2 = ( x 2 2 ) 2 2 x 2 = x 2 2

.
2
3
3
2x 2 = 3 2 x 2 =
x = .
2
2


1.
x 1 x 2 1 x ( x 1)
+
<
x 2 5x = 14,
.
2
4
4

x 2 5x = 14 x ( x 5 ) = 14 .
, x
14. x {1, 2, 7, 14} .

7 -2.
,
x 2 5x 14 = 0 , = 1, = 5, = 14 ,
= 2 4 = 81 x = 7 x = 2 .

x 1 x 2 1 x ( x 1)
+
<
2x 2 + x 2 1 < x 2 x 3x < 3 x < 1 .
2
4
4
x = 2 .
2. ,, ,
, :
= 4 + 2 3 + 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 2 2 + 2 4 .

= 4 + 2 3 + 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 2 2 + 2 4
= ( 4 + 2 3 + 2 2 ) ( 2 2 2 + 2 3 2 + 4 2 ) ( 2 2 2 4 )
= 2 ( 2 + 2 + 2 ) 2 2 ( 2 + 2 + 2 ) 2 ( 2 2 2 )
= ( 2 + 2 + 2 )( 2 2 2 ) 2 ( 2 2 2 )
2
2
= ( 2 2 2 )( 2 + 2 + 2 2 ) = 2 ( ) ( + ) 2

= ( + )( ) ( + + )( + ) .

3. :
x
4
x 1 2 5 x
,
1 =

= + .
2
y
2
3y 3 3

1
= w , :
y

8
x 8w = 2
x = 2 + 8w
x = 2 + 8w

x = 2 + 8w

x 4w = 13
x = 13 + 4w
2 + 8w = 13 + 4w
8w 4w = 13 2
11

x = 2 + 8
x = 2 + 2 11
x = 24

x = 2 + 8w

11
11 .
4w = 11
w = 11

w = 4

w = 4
4

( x, y ) = 24,
11

4. ( = ) .
() .
() ,
= < .
.


= )
. = ,
( = ) (
.

( = ).
, 1 = 2 = .
, = ,
3

1 , 2 .

4
:
1. = ( ).
2. = ( ).

9
3. 3 = 4 ( 1 , 2 ).
=
.
=

:
1. = ( ).
2. = ( ).
=
( ).
3.
= .
:
1. = ( )
2. = ( )
=
+
=
+
=

3.
= .

1
1
,
= ,

1
1
, .
, .

10


1. x, y, z
x2 y z = x 2
y2 z x = y 2
z 2 x y = z 2,

x + y + z = 6 x, y, z .

:
x 2, y 2 z 2 , x 2 y + z, y 2 z + x z 2 x + y.

x 2 y z = x 2 4x + 4
4x y z = 4
2

2
(1)
y z x = y 4y + 4 x + 4y z = 4 ,
2

x y + 4z = 4
2

z x y = z 4z + 4

: x + y + z = 6 .
x, y, z (1),

5x ( x + y + z ) = 4
5x 6 = 4
x = 2

5y ( x + y + z ) = 4 5y 6 = 4 y = 2 .

5z 6 = 4
z = 2

5z ( x + y + z ) = 4

,
x 2, y 2 z 2 , x > 2 ,
x + y + z > 6 , .
x = y = z = 2 .

2. c1 (, ) (
R1 = ) c 2 (, ) (
R 2 = ). c1 (, )
. c 2 (, )
.
. .
. = = 30o ,
.

11
. ( ) c1 (, ) ,
= 90o .

( ) c 2 (, ) ,
= 90o .


, , = / / .
=
= 90o

, / / .

=
= 90o

.

5
.
. = 30o ,
.

=
= = ,
2
, = , = ,
, .
3. x, y x + y = 4 ,
:

( 2x + 1)
x

( 2y + 1)
+
y

25 .

12
4x 2 + 4x + 1 4y 2 + 4y + 1
+
25
x
y
1 1
: 4 ( x + y ) + 8 + + 25
x y
1 1
+ 1.
:
x y
.

1 1
( x + y) + 4 ,
x y
x + y = 4 ,

1 1
x y
x y
+ = 2 + + 2 + 2
= 4.
y x
x y
y x
x = y = 2 .
,
1 1
x+y
+ 1
1 xy 4 x ( 4 x ) 4 x 2 4x + 4 0
x y
xy

( x + y)

( x 2 ) 0, .
x = y = 2 ,
x = y = 2 .
2

= 90o )
4. (
.
.
,
.

E A ,
:

13
6
= .

=
= .

1
1
2

,
=
=

1
2
2

=
=
= ,
= .

1
1
1
2
2
2
= ,
.
:



=

1
2

=
,
1
2

= ,
.
2

= = ,
.
,
.
,
, .

14


1.

( 2x

+ 3x + 1) ( x 2 + 3x + 2 ) = 7 ( x 2 1) .
3

(1 )
a = 2x 2 + 3x + 1, b = x 2 + 3x + 2 , a b = x 2 1
:
3
3
a 3 b3 = 7 ( a b ) ( a b ) ( a 2 + ab + b 2 ) = 7 ( a b )

( a b ) ( a 2 + ab + b 2 7a 2 + 14ab 7b 2 ) = 0
( a b ) ( 6a 2 15ab + 6b 2 ) = 0
a b = 0 2a 2 5ab + 2b 2 = 0
a = b a = 2b 2a = b
x 2 1 = 0 3x 3 = 0 3x 2 + 3x = 0
x = 1 x = 1 x = 1 x = 0 x = 1
x = 1 ( ) x = 0 x = 1.
2

3
( x + 1) ,

( x + 1) ( 2x + 1) ( x + 2 )

3
7 ( x 1) = 0 x = 1( )

3
2
3
2
8x + 12x + 6x + 1 x 6x 12x 8 7x 3 + 21x 2 21x + 7 = 0
3

x = 1( ) 27x 2 27x = 0
x = 1( ) x = 0 x = 1.
2. .

.
,
.

= + .
:
1
1
2

: = .
1

15

7
1 = 1 + 2 ,
. 1 = 2 .
: = .
1

: 1 = 2 ,
.
3. 2m , m ,
.
.
,
.

.
.
10 , 20 ,
30 .
. m 3 ,
7 .
. 210 ,
.

1 2m , 2m 1
m 1
2 .

16
2 2m 1 , 2m 2
2m 2 .
3 2m 2 , 2m 3
2m 3 m
2m m +1 = 21 = 2 , 2m m = 20 = 1
2m m = 20 = 1 .
:
m 2m 1 + 2m 2 + 2m 3 + " + 2 + 1 = 2m 1 .
:
n 1 = ( 1)( n 1 + n 2 + " + + 1) .
. m 3 , m = 3k ,
k , :
2m 1 = 23k 1 = ( 23 ) 1 = 8k 1 = (8 1)(8k 1 + 8k 2 + " + 1) = 7n ,
k

n .
. m ,
:
m(m + 1)
= 5m(m + 1) .
10 + 20 + 30 + " + (m 10) = 10(1 + 2 + 3 + " + m) = 10
2
:
5m(m + 1) = 210 m(m + 1) = 42 m = 6 ,
26 = 64 .
4. c1 = (O1 , r1 ) c 2 = (O 2 , r2 )
A B . M c1 , c 2
r1 < r2 , MA < MB .





1
2
MA = 2r1
M = 2r2
,
2
2



1
r1

.
=
B


2
r2

(1)

17

1

2
,

, .





1
1

.
,


=

()

= ()
2
2

(1)

r1 ()
(2)
=

r ()

()
B
=
,

A
()

(2)
2

r1
r1 MB

=

= < 1 MA < MB .
r2 MA
r2

,
.
A, B, M , A, B
, M
A, B ( AB

).


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr, : www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
Site: www.hms.gr


72

, 19 2011

,

1. .
2. ,
, , , ,
,
,
.
3.
.
4. (3)
(9-12 ). '
.
5. ' ,
,
. ...
.
6. .
7. ,
,
' ..., 34, 106 79 ,
, , ,
.
8.
() ...
9. 21 2012
3 2012 .
...
,
29 (, 2012), 16
( 2012) 53
(, 2012).
10. , .. ...

.
11.
..
.

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


72


19 2011

1
:
1 17 1
1 3 7
2

1 : 5 2 1 .
14 2 7
6 2 3
7

10

, :

2
1

2.

3
, , 3 , 9 , 11 .
,
56. , .
4
.
= .


.
1. : 90 .
,
2.
: 200 .
5
: 3
!

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


72


19 2011

1
101 :103 , 105 :107 101 1000 :

2
:

x x 5

2
2
4

x
3
2x 9
2

x.
4
8

3
Oxy

y 3 1 x 2 , , ,
y 2 x 2,8 .
() .
() 4, 4 1, 2
.

4

.
C , , , .
() 1
C ,

.
() 2

C , .

()

1 4
. ( 3,1415 ).
2 3

5
: 3

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


72


19 2011

1
:
x 10 x 2 7 x 10 0

x 2 1 2 x 1 x x 1 .

5
2
2

2
:
x

1 x 4 1 x x 1 x
3

1 x 2 1 x

2 1 x 3 1 x

3 x 2 1

3
() , :
3 x 1
x x
x 2
.
2 4
4
() ;
4
( ).
,
. ,
K , N . T , S
, , , S T
.
5
: 3


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


72


19 2011

1
() :
x 2 2 x 1 x 1 x 4 , x 2 .
x
x2 2
() :
2012 4019 2009 2006

,
20102 2
.
2

1
1
1

2,
xa xb c
x , , a, b, c ,
c 0.
3
:
y x3 2 x 2, z y 3 2 y 2, x z 3 2 z 2 .
4
< < ,
,
, c(O,R)
c(O,R) .

, . , ,
M . ,
, . :
) , (c1 )
(c2 ) , .
) , , (c1 ) (c 2 )
, .
5
: 3

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


72


19 2011

1

3x 2 x 2 x 2 16 x 2 .
4

2
, ,

y2 2x y ,

2 x y

()

, .
3
an , n 0,1, 2,... d n an an 1 ,
n 1, 2,.3,.... a1 a0 .
1. , a0 , n an
S n 1 a0 a1 an .
2. a0 1 a1 7 , n

: an 103 S n 1 8 103 .
4
< < ,
,
(c) .


(c) ,
M . ,

(c) ,
N . :
) , , , , , , , ,
, (c1 ) (c2 ) , .
)
, (c1 ) (c 2 ) .
5
: 3


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


72


19 2011


1
:
1 17 1
1 3 7
2

= + 1 : + 5 + 2 1
14 2 7
6 2 3
7

4 14 1 2 1 31 3 14
= + + + 1
14 14 14 17 7 6 2 3
=

17 2 1 31 9 28 6 1 1 31 31
+ +
= + = 0.
14 17 7 6 6 6 6 7 7 6 6

10

, :
=

2
1

2.

10

, = 2 = 5 .

2 = 2 : 2 1 = 10 : 1 = 10 9 = 10 .
9 9
9
9 9 9
2
5
5
5
5
5
2
2 = 2 : 2 = 10 : 5 = 10 18 = 180 = 3 .
= 5 , : =
:
1
24 9 24 18 24 5 120 2
9
5
5
5
= 2 ,: =

3
, , 3 , 9 , 11 .
,
56. , .

= ,
3 9 11
= 3 , = 9 = 11.

= 56 11 3 = 56 8 = 56 = 7 .
: = 3 7 = 21, = 9 7 = 63 = 11 7 = 77.
:

4
< .
= .

.
= 90D .
1. :
, :
= 200 .
2.

1.

, :
=
= .

1
2
2
ZH ,
=
( ).

1
=
,

2

.
To
,
,
= 90D

=
= 90D , :
2.
o
o
= 90 = 90 .
1

3 ,

, = + . :

3
2
o



1 = 90 o 2 = 90 o = + + = = 20 = 10 o .
2
2 2 2 2
2
2


1
= 101 :103 , = 105 :107 101 1000 :

6
=

+ +

:
= 101 :103 = 101+3 = 102 , =105 :107 =105+7 =102 = 101 1000 = 101 103 = 102 .
:
2

6 106
6 102 102 102
6 102+ 2+ 2
= 2
=
=
2+ 2

2
2
2
2
2
2+ 2
2+ 2
4
10 10 + 10 10 + 10 10
10 + 10 + 10
3 10
2
2
1
1
1
1
= ( 2 106 4 ) = ( 2 102 ) =
= 2
=
=
2
2
( 2 102 ) 2 10 4 100 400

2
:
x
3
x x 5
2x 9
2

x.
2
4
4
8

. :
x x 5
x
x 5

2 4 4
4 2 2 x ( x 5) 8 2 x x + 5 8 x 3 .
2
4
2
4
x
x 6
x6
3

2
9
2
9
2x 9
x
x
2

x 2 2
x 2
x
4
8
4
8
4
8
2x 9
x 6 2x 9
x6

x 8
8
8 x x 6 ( 2 x 9) 8x
8
8
8
8
1
1
x 6 2 x + 9 8x 3 9 x x x .
3
3
1
x 3 ,
3
1,2 3.
3
Oxy ( )

y = ( 3 1) x + 2 , , ,
( ) y = 2 x ( 2,8 ) .
() .

() ( 4, 4 ) ( 1, 2 )

( )

() ( ) & ( ) ,

, 3 1 = 2 = 1 .
( ) y = 2 x + 2 . , , ( 2,8 )
( ) , : 8 = 2 2 + 2 2 = 4 = 2 .
:

= 1, = 2
()

( ) :

y = 2x + 4 .

2 ( 4 ) + 4 = 4 2 ( 1) + 4 = 2 ,

( 4, 4 ) ( 1, 2 ) ( ) ,

( ) . ,
. ,
=

( 2 + 1) + ( 8 2 )

( 4 + 1) + ( 4 2 )

= 9 + 36 = 45
2

= 9 + 36 = 45

.
4

.
C ( , ) , , .
() 1

C ( , )

.
() 2

C ( , ) .

()

1 4
< . ( = 3,1415 ).
2 3

1. = , ,
, .
, :
2 = 2 + 2 2 = 2 2 = 2 .
: 2 2 .
2 , 1 , :
1 = 2 2 2 = ( 2) 2

2
2. ,
C ( , ) . ,

= 2 . 4 2 .
:
2 = 4 2 2 = ( 4 ) 2 .
3. :
( 2 ) 2 < 4 3 2 < 4 4 3 6 < 16 4
1 4
<
(
) (
)
2 3
(4 ) 2 3

7 < 22 <

22
= 3,1428...., .
7


1. :
( x 10 ) ( x 2 7 x + 10 ) = 0

x 2 + 1 2 x 1 x ( x + 1)
+
<

5
2
2

( x 10 ) ( x 2 7 x + 10 ) = 0 x 10 = 0 x 2 7 x + 10 = 0

x = 10 x 2 7 x + 10 = 0.
x 2 7 x + 10 = 0 , = 1, = 7,
= 10 , = 2 4 = 9 x = 2 x = 5 .
x 2 7 x + 10 = 0
x ( x 7 ) = 10 . ,
x 10.
x {1, 2, 5, 10} .
2 5.

x 2 + 1 2 x 1 x ( x + 1)
+
<
5 x 2 + 5 + 4 x 2 < 5 x 2 + 5 x x > 3.
2
5
2
: x = 5 x = 10.
2. :
( x) =

1 + x 4 + (1 + x ) + x (1 + x )
3

1 + x 2 + (1 + x )

2 (1 + x 3 ) + (1 + x )


( x) =

1 + x 4 + (1 + x ) + x (1 + x )
3

1 + x 2 + (1 + x )

( x ) =

3 ( x 2 + 1)

2 (1 + x 3 ) + (1 + x )
3 ( x 2 + 1)

( x ) ( x ) ( x ) . :
( x) =

1 + x 4 + (1 + x ) + x (1 + x )
3

1 + x 2 + (1 + x )

1 + x 4 + 1 + 3 x + 3 x 2 + x 3 + x (1 + 3 x + 3 x 2 + x 3 )
1 + x2 + 1 + 2 x + x2

2 x 4 + 4 x3 + 6 x 2 + 4 x + 2 x 4 + 2 x3 + 3x 2 + 2 x + 1 x 4 + 2 x3 + x 2 + 2 x 2 + 2 x + 1
=
=
=
2 + 2 x + 2 x2
1 + x + x2
1 + x + x2

(x
=

+ x ) + 2 ( x2 + x ) + 1
2

1+ x + x

(x
=

+ x + 1)

x + x +1
2

= x 2 + x + 1.

( x) =

2 (1 + x 3 ) + (1 + x )
3 ( x 2 + 1)

3 + 3 x3 + 3x 2 + 3 x x3 + x 2 + x + 1
=
=
x2 + 1
3 ( x 2 + 1)

x 2 ( x + 1) + ( x + 1) ( x + 1) ( x + 1)
=
=
= x + 1.
x2 + 1
x2 + 1
2

( x ) = ( x ) ( x ) = x 2 + x + 1 ( x + 1) = x 2 .

3. () , :
3 ( x 1)
x x
+ = ( x + 2)
.
2 4
4
() ;

()
2 x + x = 4 ( x + 2 ) 3 ( x 1) 2 x + x = 4 x + 8 3 x + 3 x + x = 8 + 3

( + 1) x = 8 + 3.
(1)
:
1. = 1 , 0 x = 5 .
2. ] {1} , , 1 ,
8 + 3
.
+1
() ,
8 ( + 1) 5
8 + 3
8 + 8 5
x=
] x =
] x =
]
+1
+1
+1
5
5
x = 8
]
]
+1
+1
+ 1 {1,1, 5,5} {2, 0, 6, 4} .
, -1.
x =

4
( = ).
< ,
. ,
K , N . T , S
, , , S T
.

: () = ,
, () = ( ) ()
.

3
, :
= :

1
1
=
.

(1)

=
(2)

= .

(3)

(1) =
.
: =
(3) : E = .
,
=
(2)
. = E = T ,
= .
E = T =
.
S = S
S = S , S
.


1
() :
( x + 2 )( 2 x 1)( x 1) + x 4 , x 2 .
( x) =
x2 2
() :
2012 4019 2009 + 2006
=
.
20102 2
.

() :
( x + 2 )( 2 x 1)( x 1) + x 4 = ( x + 2 ) ( 2 x 2 3x + 1) + x 4
x2 2
x2 2
3
2
2
2 x 3x + x + 4 x 6 x + 2 + x 4 2 x3 + x 2 4 x 2
=
=
x2 2
x2 2
2 x ( x 2 2 ) + x 2 2 ( x 2 2 ) ( 2 x + 1)
=
=
= 2 x + 1.
x2 2
x2 2
() x = 2010 , :
= ( 2010 ) = 2 2010 + 1 = 4021 .
2

1
1
1
+
= 2,
xa xb c
x , \ ,
a, b, c \ , c 0 .

2
1
= 2 x = a + 2c 2 .
xa c
a b.
( x a )( x b ) = c 2 ( x a + x b ) , x a x b

a = b :

x 2 ( a + b + 2c 2 ) x + ab + ( a + b ) c 2 = 0, x a x b

(1)

= ( a + b + 2c 2 ) 4ab 4 ( a + b ) c 2 = ( a + b ) 4ab + 4c 4 = ( a b ) + 4c 4 > 0 ,


2

(1) \
x1,2 =

a + b + 2c 2

( a b)

+ 4c 4

.
(2)
2
, a b (1). x = a
: ( a a )( x b ) = c 2 ( a a + x b ) 0 = c 2 ( a b ) ,

, c 0 a b .
x = b . , a b ,
\ (2).
3
:
y = x 3 + 2 x 2, z = y 3 + 2 y 2, x = z 3 + 2 z 2 .

:
y z = ( x y ) ( x 2 + xy + y 2 + 2 )
(1)

z x = ( y z ) ( y 2 + yz + z 2 + 2 )

(2)

y 3 y2

+ 2 > 0
x + xy + y + 2 = x + +
2
4

z 3z 2

y + yz + z + 2 = y + +
+ 2 > 0 , x > y ,
2
4

(1) y > z . (2) z > x .


x > y > z > x , .
, x < y .
x = y, y = z . :
2

x = x3 + 2 x 2 x3 + x 2 = 0 x3 1 + x 1 = 0
( x 1) ( x 2 + x + 2 ) = 0 x = 1,
x 2 + x + 2 = 7 < 0 .
4
< < ,
,
, c(O,R)
c(O,R) .
, . ,
, M . ,
, . :
) , (c1 )

(c2 ) , .
) ( ) (c1 ) (c 2 )
, .

=
= .
) , :
c(O, R) (

= .
= ,
=
).
.

4
=
= EO


.

) ,
:


=
= +
=
= +.

2
2
= =

= 90D + .
:
2
, , , ,

+ + =
=
.

( = = R) ,

= .

=
= 90o - . ( = = R) ,
.

= 90o . :
EO
2

=
+
=
+
= 90o +90o

2
2

.
= 180o 90D = 90D + =
2
2


1.

(x

+ 3x + 2 ) + ( x 2 + x 2 ) = 16 ( x + 2 ) .
4

(1 )
x 2 + 3x + 2 x 2 + x 2
x + 2 , :
4
4
4
( x + 2 ) ( x + 1) + ( x 1) 16 = 0

( x + 2 ) = 0 ( x + 1) + ( x 1) 16 = 0
4

x = 2 ( 4) 2 x 4 + 12 x 2 14 = 0
x = 2 ( 4) x 4 + 6 x 2 7 = 0
x = 2 ( 4) x 2 = 1 x 2 = 7 ()
x = 2 ( 4) x = 1 x = 1.
2
a = x 2 + 3x + 2, b = x 2 + x 2 , a b = 2 x + 4
:
4
a 4 + b 4 = ( a b ) a 4 + b 4 = a 4 4a 3b + 6a 2b 2 4ab3 + b 4

ab ( 2a 2 3ab + 2b 2 ) = 0

a = 0 b = 0 2a 2 3ab + 2b 2 = 0
a = 0 b = 0 a = b = 0,
2a 2 3ab + 2b 2 = 0, ab 0 ,
a
2u 2 3u + 2 = 0, u = ,
b
\ . :
a=0 b=0 a=b=0
x 2 + 3x + 2 = 0 x 2 + x 2 = 0 x 2 + 3x + 2 = x 2 + x 2 = 0
x = 1 x = 2 x = 1 x = 2 x = 2 ()
x = 1 x = 1 x = 2 ( 4)
2
\, ,

( x 2 + y 2 ) + 2 x + y =

2
x
y

\ , \ .

()

( x 2 + y 2 ) + 2 x + y = x 2 + ( 2 x + )2 + 2 x + 2 x + =

2 x y =


y = 2x +

5 x 2 + 4 ( + 1) x + 2 = 0

y = 2x +

0 , (1)

(1)

(2)

= 16 ( + 1) 20 2 2 = 4 ( 2 2 + 8 + 4 )
2

\ ,
:
0 2 2 + 8 + 4 0 .
(3)
2 2
2

, + 8 + 4 = 80 > 0 ,
4
, 1 < 0 < 2 ( 12 = 2 < 0 ).

+ 8 + 4 < 0 , < 1 > 2 , .


= 0 (1) x = 0 , y =
( x, y ) = ( 0, ) . = 0 .
2

3
an , n = 0,1, 2,... d n = an an 1 ,
n = 1, 2,.3,.... = a1 a0 .
1. , a0 , n an
S n +1 = a0 + a1 + + an .
2. a0 = 1 a1 = 7 , n

: an > 103 S n +1 8 103 .

1. :
d1 = , d n = d1 + ( n 1) = n , n = 2,3,... ..

d1 + d 2 + ... + d n = ( a1 a0 ) + ( a2 a1 ) + ... + ( an an 1 )

+ 2 + ... + n = an a0 an = a0 + (1 + 2 + ... + n )
an = a0 +

S n +1 :

n ( n + 1)
2

n ( n + 1)
1 2 2 3
S n +1 = a0 + a1 + + an = ( n + 1) a0 +
+
+ ... +

2
2
2

1
1 n
= ( n + 1) a0 + (12 + 1) + ( 22 + 2 ) + ... + ( n 2 + n ) = ( n + 1) a0 + ( k 2 + k )
2
2 k =1

1 n
1 n
1 n ( n + 1)( 2n + 1) n ( n + 1)

= ( n + 1) a0 + k 2 + k = ( n + 1) a0 +
+

2 k =1
2 k =1
2
6
2
n ( n + 1)( n + 2 )
1 n ( n + 1)( n + 2 )
= ( n + 1) a0 +
.
= ( n + 1) a0 +
2
3
6

2. a0 = 1 a1 = 7 , = 6
an = 1 + 3n ( n + 1) , S n +1 = n + 1 + n ( n + 1)( n + 2 ) = ( n + 1) 1 + n ( n + 2 ) = ( n + 1) .
3

:
3
an > 103 S n +1 8 103 an = 1 + 3n ( n + 1) > 103 , Sn +1 = ( n + 1) 8 103

n ( n + 1) > 333, n + 1 2 10 n > 18, n 19 n = 18 n = 19.


17 18 = 306, 18 19 = 342 .
n 18.
4
< < ,
,
(c) .


(c) ,
M . ,


(c) ,
N . :

) , , , , , ,
() (c1 ) (c 2 ) , .
) ,
(c1 ) (c2 ) .

) ,
.
:
0

=

= = 180 2 x = 90o + + x = x

1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

=
= x .
= x ,

1
2
2
2
.
:
0

=

= = 180 2 y = 90o + + y = y .

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

=
= y .
+
= y ,
: y =
2
2
2
2
.

+
: x =

) ,
:

= + + = 90o +
=
+ + = 90o + .

2
2
2
2
:

= 180o 90o
= 180o

= 90o y + = 90 o y .

1
2
2
2
2
:

= 180o
= 180o 90o

= 90o x + = 90 o x .

1
1
2
2
2
o

.
x = y = 45 , 1 =
1

(c ) (c ) ( ,
1

).

) (c1 ) (c 2 ) .
) Miquel .


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

73

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr




, 20 2012

1. .
2. ,
, , , ,
,
,
.
3.
.
4. (3)
(9-12 ). '
.
5. ' ,
,
. ...
.
6. .
7. ,
, '
..., 34, 106 79 ,
, , ,
.
8.
() ...
9. 12 2013
23 2013 .
...
, 30 ( 2013),
17 ( 2013) 54
( 2013).
10. , .. ...

.
11.
..
.


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


73


20 2012

1
:

5
2 44 39 11



= 18 :
5 5
5 3+ 6

11
2


12, 30 54,
:

3
2 : 2
=
1

2
2

3
800 .
407
1050 . 2,5
6% .
()
.
() ( )
8% ,
.
4

= 60D = 3 .

2

= .
B , .
5
: 3


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


73


20 2012

1

x 2 y 4 z 6 2182

3 (13 2 3 + 4 9
2

3 1

, x = 210 , y = 48 , z = 86 ,

.
2
3 -3

4 x 5 + 2 < ( x 3) + 2 ( 1) .
3

1


12
( , ) ( , ) , 0 < < ,
:
=
3

= 2 2 2 .
4

4
= cm < .
. = 2 ,
:
(i) .
(ii)
.
5
: 3


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


73


20 2012

1
x x ( x 2 ) = 24

25.
2
:
( , ) =

3 + 3 2 + 2 + ( + 2 ) ( 2 )
2
( + )

+ 0 + 1 .
3

x 2 + 2 x + 2 1 = 0 .

-5 2
20.
4
= = =2 .

. .
.
5
: 3


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


73


20 2012

1
0 1 < < 1 ,

= 1+ ,

1+
1
1+
1
=
+
, =

.
1
1+
1
1+
2
:

x 2 2 x 1 + 2 = 0 .

( 0,5 ) 82.
3
x, y z

x
y
z
=
=
2012 x + 3 2012 y + 5 2012 z + 7
x, y z 747.
4
c(O, R) , AB ( )
M AB . c1 ( A, AM ) c2 ( B, BM )
c(O, R) K N , . c1 ( A, AM )
c2 ( B, BM ) T . T
KMN .
5
: 3


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


73


20 2012

1

1
1
1
1
2011
+
+
+ +
=
.
1+ 2 1+ 2 + 3 1+ 2 + 3 + 4
1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + + x 2013
2

f ( x ) = ax 2 + bx + c

g ( x ) = cx + b , a, b, c \, a 0 , ,

, a, b, c
.
3
x, y z

x
y
z
=
=
2012 x + y 2012 y + z 2012 z + 7
x, y z 147.

4
c(O, R) , BC ( )
M BC . c1 ( B, BM ) , c2 (C , CM )
c(O, R) K , N , , c1 ( B, BM ) , c2 (C , CM )
A M . M BC
c1 ( B, BM ) , c2 (C , CM ) T , S , .
AM , KT , NS .

5
: 3


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


73


20 2012


1
:

2 44 39

= 18 : 11 .
5 5
5 3+ 6

11

5
88 5 39 5
2 44 39

= 18 : 11 = = 2 1 = 1.
5 5
5 3 + 6 5 44 5 39

11

2

12, 30 54,
:
3
2
2 : 2 .
=
1

(12,30,54 ) = 6 . 6 1, 2, 3, 6

2 3. = 2 = 3 .
2 3 2
2
2 : 2 = 1 : 1 = 2 4 = 8.
= 2 : =
1
3 4 3 1 3
2
2
2
2

3
33
0
= 3 2 2 = = 0 ,

3
3
3 1
2
2 = 2 = 1 0 , .

1 5 5
3
2 2
3
800 .
407
1050 . 2,5
6% .
()
.
() ( )
8% ,
.

6
= 0,15 ,
100
2,5 0,15 = 2,35 .
1050 + 407 = 1457 , 1457 : 2,35 = 620
.
8
() 800
= 64 ,
100
800 ( 620 + 64 ) = 116 .
() 2,5

= 60D = 3 .

2

= .
B , .

, AB , : AB = .
3
3
= AB = = = , :
2
2

3
= = = .
2
2
60o ,
( = )
.

= , = = .
2
2
1 .
= 180D 60D = 120D ,
= 180D
1

180 120D
= 30o .
: 1 = 1 =
2
D

x 2 y 4 z 6 2182

3 (13 22 33 + 42 9

3 1

, x = 210 , y = 48 , z = 86

x = 210 , y = 48 = ( 22 ) = 216 , z = 86 = ( 23 ) = 218 .


8

= x 2 y 4 z 6 2182 = ( 210 ) ( 216 ) ( 218 ) 2182


2

= 220 264 2108 2182 = 210.


:

= 3 (13 22 33 + 42 93 ) = 3 (13 22 33 + 24 36 ) = 3 22 33 (13 + 22 33 )


1

= 3 ( 22 33 121) = 3 22 33 1211 = 22 32 112.


1

210
32 121 32 112 33 33
=
=
= 4 = .
22 32 1211
28
28
2 16

2
3 -3

4 x 5 + 2 < ( x 3) + 2 ( 1) .

3 ,

4 3 5 + 2 < ( 3 3) + 2 ( 1) 12 5 + 2 < 2 2 16 < 7 >

16
.
7

-3 ,
4 (3) 5 + 2 < ( 3 3) + 2 ( 1) 12 5 + 2 < 6 + 2 2

.
8 < > 8
3 -3 ,
16
16
> 8 , > .
>
7
7
3

1


12
( , ) ( , ) , 0 < < ,
:
=
3

= 2 2 2 .
4

2

p ,
p ,
,

2 2 )
(

2
( ) =

=
.
2
2
2
2

( , )

( , ) , 0 < < ,
, :

( , , ) = ( 2 2 ) , ,

2 2 )
(
( ) 1
1

=
= = .
2
2
( , , ) 12
6
2 ( ) 12

1
1
2 = = ,
2
3 2

3
2
3
3
3
1

1 3 1 1 3 1
2
.
= 2 2 = 2 = = =
4

2 4 2 2 8 8 512

4
= cm < .
. = 2 ,
:
(i)
(ii)
.

3
(i) = = x , = y, = 2 y = z .
:
x2 = y 2 + z 2 z 2 = x2 y 2 .
(1)
:
2 = 4 y2 + z2 z2 = 2 4 y2 .
(2)
(1) (2) :
2 4 y 2 = x2 y 2 x2 = 2 3 y 2
(3)
:
9 y 2 = x2 + 2 x2 = 9 y 2 2 .
(4)
(3) (4) :
2
6
9 y2 2 = 2 3 y2 y2 =
y=
,
6
6

2

6
2 2
2
2
x = 3
=
x=
.
= 3
6
2
2
6
= 3 y ,
2

(ii)

R=

3
6
6 2 3 2
y=
. E = R 2 =
=
.
2
4
16
8


1
x x ( x 2 ) = 24

25.

x ( x 2 ) = 24 x 2 2 x 24 = 0

= 100 ,
2 10
x=
x = 6 x = 4 .
2
2
x = 4 , ( 4 ) = 16 < 25 , 62 = 36 > 25 .
2
:

( , ) =

3 + 3 2 + 2 + ( + 2 ) ( 2 )
2
( + )

+ 0 + 1 .

:
3 + 3 2 + 2 + ( + 2 ) ( 2 )
= 3 + 3 ( 2 2 ) + ( + )( 2 )
= ( + ) ( 2 + 2 ) ( + )( ) + ( + )( 2 )
= ( + ) ( 2 + 2 + + 2 2 )
= ( + ) ( 2 2 + )
= ( + ) ( + )( ) ( )

= ( + )( )( + 1) .
:
2
( + ) = ( + )( + 1)

, + 0 + 1 ,
( + )( )( + 1) = .
( , ) =
( + )( + 1)
3
x 2 + 2 x + 2 1 = 0 .
-5 2
20.


= 4 2 4 ( 2 1) = 4 ,

x1 = + 1 x2 = 1 .

( 5, 2 ) ,
5 < + 1 < 2 5 < 1 < 2 6 < < 1 4 < < 3
.
1 < < 6 3 < < 4 1 < < 4.
,
2
2
( + 1) + ( 1) = 20 2 2 + 2 = 20 2 = 9 = 3 = 3 ,
, 1 < < 4 = 3 .

4
= = =2 .

. .
.

4
=
,
// ,
1
1
1 =
2 .
2 = 1

, : = = .
.
1 . ,
, :

1
=
=
= = 2
2 2
, = 2 = 2 .
= 2 .
2 . M .
, : = // = ( )
= = ( ). = E
. ,
, .

0 1 < < 1 =

1+ ,

1+
1
1+
1
+
, =

.
1
1+
1
1+

1 + > 0 1 > 0 ,
1+
1 1+ +1
2
=
+
=
=
,
1
1+
1 2
1 2

1+
1 1 + (1 )
2

=
=
.
1
1+
1 2
1 2

=
:

1
1 + 2
1 + = 1 + =
.

1 3

1 + = + > 0 , ,
2 4

, , 0 < < 1 ,
1 < < 0 .
2

2
:

x 2 2 x 1 + 2 = 0 .

( 0,5 ) 82.


= 4 2 4 ( 1 + 2 ) = 4 ,

x1 = + 1 x2 = 1 .

( 0,5 ) ,

0 < + 1 < 5 0 < 1 < 5 1 < < 4 1 < < 6 1 < < 4 .
,
4
4
( + 1) + ( 1) = 82 2 4 + 12 2 + 2 = 82 4 + 6 2 40 = 0 ,

2 = 4 2 = 10 () = 2 = 2 .
= 2 , = 2
1 < < 4 .

3
x, y z

x
y
z
=
=
2012 x + 3 2012 y + 5 2012 z + 7
x, y z 747.


2012 x + 3 2012 y + 5 2012 z + 7
=
=
x
y
z
3
5
7
2012 + = 2012 + = 2012 +
x
y
z
3 5 7
= =
x y z
3 5 7 1
, = = = : x = 3 , y = 5 , z = 7 .
x y z
x, y z 747

747
9
x 2 + y 2 + z 2 = 83 2 747
= ] 2 = ] ,
2
83

2
1, 3 9.
2 = 1 = 1 ( x, y, z ) = ( 3,5, 7 ) ( x, y, z ) = ( 3, 5, 7 ) .

2 = 3 = 3 x, y, z , .

2 = 9 = 3 ( x, y, z ) = ( 9,15,21) ( x, y, z ) = ( 9, 15, 21) .

4
c(O, R) , AB ( )
M AB . c1 ( A, AM ) c2 ( B, BM )
c(O, R) K N . c1 ( A, AM )
c2 ( B, BM ) T . T
KMN .

5
KM c( O , R ) c1( A, AM ) .
OA KM .
(1)
MT c1( A, AM ) c2 ( B , BM ) .
AB MT .
(2)
MN c( O , R ) c2 ( B , BM ) .
OB MN .
(3)
(1) (2) , :
=M
( ).
A
1

(2) (3) , :
( )
B = M
1

OAB , :
= B .
A
1
1
=M
.
: M
1
2

ANM ABM , c( O , R )
q
AM .

TNM c ( B , BM ) ,
2

TBM , : TNM = ABM


ANM = TNM A,T , N .
ANK = ANM ( c( O , R )
AM AK ). NA
KNM .


1

1
1
1
1
2011
+
+
+ +
=
.
1+ 2 1+ 2 + 3 1+ 2 + 3 + 4
1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + + x 2013

1 + 2 + 3 + ... + x =

x ( x + 1)
, x ,
2

:
2
2
2
2
2011
+
+
+ +
=
x ( x + 1) 2013
2 3 3 4 4 5
1
1 2011
1 1 1 1 1 1
2 + + + ... +
=
x x + 1 2013
2 3 3 4 4 5
2
2011
2
2
1
=

=
x = 2012.
x + 1 2013
x + 1 2013
2

f ( x ) = ax 2 + bx + c

g ( x ) = cx + b , a, b, c \, a 0 , ,

, a, b, c
.


ax 2 + bx + c = cx + b ax 2 + ( b c ) x + ( c b ) = 0

. 0,
2
= ( b c ) + 4a ( b c ) = 0 ( b c )( b c + 4a ) = 0 c b = 4a,
b c .
c b = 4a :
ax 2 4ax + 4a = 0 a ( x 2 4 x + 4 ) = 0 x 2 4 x + 4 = 0 x = 2.
( 2, 2c + b ) .

3
x, y z

x
y
z
=
=
2012 x + y 2012 y + z 2012 z + 7
x, y z 147.

2012 x + y 2012 y + z 2012 z + 7


=
=
x
y
z
y
z
7
y z 7
2012 + = 2012 + = 2012 + = =
x
y
z
x y z
y z 7 1
, = = = : x = 7 3 , y = 7 2 , z = 7 .
x y z
x, y z 147
x 2 + y 2 + z 2 = 147 49 6 + 49 4 + 49 2 = 147
6 + 4 + 2 = 3 6 1 + 4 1 + 2 1 = 0
( 2 1)( 4 + 2 + 1 + 2 + 1 + 1) = 0
( 2 1)( 4 + 2 2 + 3) = 0 = 1 = 1,
4 + 2 2 + 3 = 0 = 8 < 0 .
:
( x, y, z ) = ( 7, 7, 7 ) ( x, y, z ) = ( 7, 7, 7 )
4
c(O, R) , BC ( )
M BC . c1 ( B, BM ) , c2 (C , CM )
c(O, R) K , N , , c1 ( B, BM ) , c2 (C , CM )
A M . M BC
c1 ( B, BM ) , c2 (C , CM ) T , S .
AM , KT , NS .

, , K , A,C , S N , A, B ,T .

6
AM c1( B , BM ) c2 ( C ,CM ) .
BC AM .

BC TS ( ).
T = AM
S = 90 o .
TS AM ( AM TS ). AM
A,T A, S
c1( B , BM ) c2 ( C ,CM ) .
, A,C , S A, B ,T .
K , A,C N , A, B .
c( O , R ) , B KM ( BM , BK
c1( B , BM ) ). BM BK
, .
= MCB

(1) .
KCB
BC AM , ABC MBC
, :
= MCB

ACB
(2) .
(1) (2) KCB = ACB
K , A,C .
N , A, B .
AMTK AMSN :
AKT = ANS = 90 o .
TK KS TN NS .
AM TS , AM , KT ,
NS ATS , .

P ATS . P , A,T , S
A
PTS .
KMN PTS A
KMN .


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

74

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr




, 19 2013

1. .
2. ,
, , , ,
,
,
.
3.
.
4. (3)
(9-12 ). '
.
5. ' ,
,
. ...
.
6. .
7. ,
,
' ..., 34, 106 79 ,
, , ,
.
8.
() ...
9. 18 2014
22 2014 .
...
, 31
( 2014), 18
( 2014) 55 ( 2014).
10. , .. ...

.
11.
..
.


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


74


19 2013

1
:
32 12 : 4 53 3 4

16 1 74
: .
9 8 9

.
20% . ,
15% .
1360 , :
() .
() .
() .
3


.

,
, . :

.
()
() ,
4

7
.
5
18, 8,
12 9.
18
12, .

5
: 3


( ) 34
106 79
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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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74


19 2013

1

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5
: 3


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74


19 2013

1

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.
,
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.
.

5
: 3


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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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www.hms.gr


74


19 2013

1
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5
: 3


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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


74


19 2013

1

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() , , .
5
: 3


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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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74


19 2013


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75

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr




,1 2014

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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


75

1 2014


1
2

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: 3
!


( ) 34
106 79
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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


75


1 2014

1
2
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5
: 3


( ) 34
106 79
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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


75


1 2014

1
:

2
2
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2
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2
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5
: 3


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106 79
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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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www.hms.gr


75


1 2014


1
k
:

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100 x
. 100,
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.

5
: 3


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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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75


1 2014

1

y x 2 3 5 x 186, .

x
.
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n ,

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5
: 3


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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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e-mail : info@hms.gr
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75

1 2014



1
2

13 74 3 3
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2

2
2 x 2 y 2 2 xy x 4 y 4 2 x 4 4 x3 y 6 x 2 y 2 4 xy 3 y 4 x 4 y 4

2 2 x 4 4 x3 y 6 x 2 y 2 4 xy 3 2 y 4 4 x 4 2 x3 y 3 x 2 y 2 2 xy 3 y 4
4 x 2 y 2 xy ,
2

()

B 2 x 2 xy y 2 2 x 2 xy y 2 ,
2

y 3 y2

x, y x xy y x
0.
2
4

4
ABCD A 100 D 40. DB
.
DB DC , CAB
CDA
2

, CDB
BDA
20
DB CDA
80
DCB
DBC DBC
180 - 100 20 =60 . BK BL,
DBA

80 ,
, BK = BL BAK
BAK BLC , BA = BC.
20 .
, BAC : CAB

4

1
k x . :
xk 1
x k 1 1
k 1
k 2
.
x 1
x 1
(1 )
:

k
k 2
k 1
x k 1 x k 1 1 x 1 x 1 x 1
B k 1

x 1 xk 2 1
xk 1 1 xk 2 1

x k x 1
x k 2 x k 1 2 x k 1 1
x k 2 x k 2 x k 1

,
xk 1 1 xk 2 1 x k 1 1 x k 2 1 xk 1 1 xk 2 1
2

, x 0 k , :
x 1
0, x 1
,

.
0, 0 x 1
, 0 x 1
2

( x k 1)( x k 2 1) x 2 k 2 x k x k 2 1

( x k 1 1) 2
( x k 1 1) 2
x k 2 x k 2 x k 1
x k ( x 1) 2
1
1 k 1
1.
( x k 1 1) 2
( x 1)2
, , , x 1 .
:
, x 1 A B , 0 x 1 .

2
x, y :

2 x2 10 xy 13 y 2 2 x y 5


2 x2 10 xy 13 y 2 5 2 x y

(1)

:
2

25 y 2
25 y 2
5y y
2
2 x2 10 xy 13 y 2 2 x2 5xy

13
y

2
x

0,

4
2
2
2

5y
, : x
y 0 x y 0.
2
(1) :
5
5 2 x y 0 x y x y 0,1, 2 ,
2
:
1. x y 0 x y . :

2 x 2 10 x 2 13x 2 5 x 2 1 x 1 x 1,
: x, y 1, 1 x, y 1, 1 .
2.

x y 1 x y 1 x y 1 x y 1 x y 1 .
x y 1 : 2 y 1 10 y 1 y 13 y 2 3
2

5 y 2 6 y 1 0 ,
56
3.

x y 2 x y 2 x y 2 x y 2 x y 2 .
x y 2 : 2 y 2 10 y 2 y 13 y 2 1
2

5 y 2 12 y 7 0 ,
12 2
7
y 1 y .
10
5
x, y 3,1

4 y

x y 2 : 2 y 2 10 y 2 y 13 y 2 1
2

5 y 2 12 y 7 0 ,
12 2
7
y 1 y .
10
5
x, y 3, 1 .

4 y

: 1, 1 , 1,1 , 3,1 , 3, 1 .
3

10

ABC ( AB AC BC ) ( c )
( O R ) D, E B, C ,
( ( c ) ). ( c1 ) ( A AE ),
AC K . ( c2 ) ( AD ),
AB ( ) L .
EK DL ( c ) .

DL ( c ) E,
K, M .

EAC
, EC ( c ) .
AEK ( AE, AK ( c1 ) ). :
AKE
45 .
(1)
AEK

BAD , BD ( c ) ,
. ADL ( AD, AL
DAL
( c2 ) ).
ALD
45 .
(2)
ADL

ADM=ADL AEM ,
,
( c ) AM

ADL

(3)
AEM

AEM
45 ,
(1), (2) (3) AEK
, , .
4
100 x
. 100,
70. 78,
.

11



x 8 100 x 8 70 x 70 x 240 ,

(1)

70 x 240
240
.
(2)
.. x
70
x
x
x
78,
x 30 , (2) :

240
240
(3)
.. x 70
70
78,
x
x
30
78.
x 30, x 30 .
x 30 ,
8 100 30 8 70 30 70 8 30

.. 30

70 8 78 ,
30
30
30
x 30.

1
y x 2 3 5 x 186, .

x
.

y x 2 3 5 x 186, x

1 x1 , 0 2 x2 , 0 , x1 , x2 :
x 2 3 5 x 186 0, .

x1 x2 3a 5,

(1)

.
x1 x2 186
(2)
x1 x2 ,
, x1 x2 , (2), x1 , x2
, 186 2 3 31 .
:
x1 , x2 1,186 , 2,93 , 3, 62 , 6,31 , 1, 186 , 2, 93 , 3, 62 , 6, 31

x1 x2 5
,
3
: 64, 14 , -30, -20 .
(1) :

2
:

12

4
2 2
4
x x y y 91
2

2
x xy y 13

(1 )
x 2 y 2 :

x 4 2 x 2 y 2 y 4 x 2 y 2 x 2 y 2 x 2 y 2 x 2 y 2 xy x 2 y 2 xy
2

91
7 .
13
, : 2 x 2 y 2 20 x 2 y 2 10 ,

, x 2 y 2 xy

xy 3 .
:
x 2 y 2 10
x 2 y 2 10

,
xy 3
2 xy 6
,
x y 2 16
x 2 y 2 2 xy 16
x y 4
2

2
2
x y 2
x y 2 xy 4
x y 4
x y 4 x y 4 x y 4 x y 4

x y 2 x y 2 x y 2 x y 2
x, y 3,1 x, y 1, 3 x, y 1, 3 x, y 3, 1 .

2
2
2 2
x 4 x 2 y 2 y 4 91
x y xy 91
2

,
2
x xy y 13
x 2 xy y 2 13

, x 2 y 2 xy ,
2 2 91
91

13

13
2
2
x y 10
7
10

.
13
3
xy 3
, .
3

( C( O , R ) .
C( O , R ) , Z .
. C( O , R ) .
. ,
. ,
.

13

1 C( O , R ) .
:

1
1

. :

1 .
2

1 ,
1

.
: 1 1 ,
1 ,
1
.
: 2 1 . :

1 1 . : 2 1 .
.

4
n ,
d1 d 2 d3 d 4 :

d1 d 2 d3 d 4 640 .


d1 1 , d 4 n d 2 d3 n .

14

,
d1 d 2 d 3 d 4 640 1 d 2 d3 d 2 d3 640
1 d 2 1 d3 640 1 d 2 1 d3 27 5

1 d1 d 2 d3 d 4 2 1 d 2 1 d3 d2 d3
, :
1 d2 4,1 d3 160 d2 3, d3 159 3 53 , , n 3 159
.
1 d 2 5,1 d3 128 d 2 4, d3 127 , , n 4 127
.
1 d 2 8,1 d3 80 d 2 7, d3 79 , n 7 79 553
1 d 2 10,1 d3 64 d 2 9, d3 63, , n 9 63
.
1 d 2 16,1 d3 40 d 2 15, d3 39, , n 15 39
.
1 d 2 20,1 d3 32 d 2 19, d3 31, n 19 31 589
, 553 589.

15


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66

, 21 2006

,

1. .
2. ,

3.
4.

5.
6.

7.
8.

9.

, , ,
, ,
,

.
(3)
(9-12 ). '
.
'
, ,
.
...
.
.
,
,
'
..., 34, 106 79 ,
, , ,
.

() ...
( ).
25
2006 .
...
, 23
(, 2006), 10
(, 2006) 47
(, 2006).
, .. ...

.

, .
.. ...


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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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www.hms.gr


66


, 21 2006
B
1.
3

+ = 1000.

+ 5 = 3005; .

2. 6 , 9 , 12 15 .


) 3
) 5
) 6
) 10
( ).
3.





.
4.

A=

1
99

(1 +

1
2

1
3

+ ... +

1
99

1
100

(1 +

1
2

1
3

+ ... +

1
100

B=


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e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


66


, 21 2006

1.

x + 2x + 3x + + 100x = 2253101.

2.

33333333331
33333333334

22222222221
= 22222222223
;
3. , = , = , = +
.
.
4. , , ,
1, 2, 3, 4 5,

( + )( + )( + )( + )( + )=( +)( + )( +)( +)( + );



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www.hms.gr


66


, 21 2006

1.

+ 2

> 3.

+ 4 .

2.

4
3

1
+

+ = .

1
+

<

3
2

3. .
, , ,
;
4.
{1, 2, 3, 4, 5}.
.


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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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66


, 21 2006

1. :
) 3 , 4 5
;
) 3 , 4 , 5
6 ;
2. x, y, z, w

x y + y z + z w + x + w = x + 2.
3. , , , ,
0
, , 45 .

2 + 2 = 2 + 2.

4. f R x R

f(x + 1)f(x) + f(x + 1) + 1 = f(x).


x R :

1) f(x) 1 , 2) f(x) 0 , 3) f(x + 4) = f(x) .



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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


66


, 21 2006

1. f : R R

f(f(x)) = x3 2x2 + 3x 1 ,
x R .
) f(1) .
)

g(x) = x3 + x2f(x) 2xf 2 (x) + 3


1-1.
2. ,

< 5.

>

1
4

3. = ,
.


.
4.

2 >

1, 2, ,

i, j

| i + j .

{1, 2, , }


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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


66


, 21 2006


1. ( ).
2. ) 3 + 9 + 12 + 15 = 39,
) 5 + 6 + 12 + 15 = 38,
) 6 + 6 + 9 + 15 = 36,
) 10 + 6 + 9 + 12 = 37.
3. (1 ),
.
4.
1
= 1 + 12 + 13 + ... + 99

= /99,
= /100 + 1/10000

= ( 1)/9900 + 1/990000 > 0.


1. x = 10
2. = 33333333334 = 22222222223. = 1 3/ = 1 2/
= 2/ 3/ = (2 3)/ = - 1/. < .

3. ( + )/ 2 .
4. ,
( + )( + )( + )( + )( + )( +)( + )( +)( +)( + )
.
= 1, = 2, = 3, = 4, = 5,
27355272 .


1. , +1, + 2 3
+ 1. + 4 = + 1 + 3 3.
2.

1
+

1
+

3
+ 22

4 ( + ) 2 ,

3 > 0.
3.
. 3 .
4. .
2 1 4
2 1 = 1 4 2 = 2. 2 , 1 4 .
4 1 = 3, 3 3 . 5 2 = 3,
5 5 1 = 4, 5. = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}.

1. ) , .. = 230330524.
) ., , , 2|.
2|.
4| +2 ( 4 ) 2| + 1 (
6 ) 2|1, . .
2.
( x y 1) 2 + ( y z 1) 2 + ( z w 1) 2 + ( x + w 1) 2 = 0

x = 2, y = 1, z = 0, w = -1.
3. || || = = . = ,
= < = < = 900.
2 + 2 = 2 + 2 = 2 = 2 + 2 = 2 + 2.
4. 1) f(a) = -1, 2 = 0. 2) A f() = 0, f( + 1) = -1. 1).
3) f(x + 1) = (f(x) 1)/(f(x) + 1), f(x + 2) = -1/f(x)
f(x + 4) = -1/f(x + 2) = f(x).


1. f(f(1)) = 1 f(1) = f(f(f(1))) =(f(1))3 2(f(1))2 + 3f(1) 1.
f(1) f(1) = 1. , g(0) = g(1) = 3.
2.

5 / = ( 5 a ) / = (5 2 a 2 ) / ( 5 + a) 1 / ( 5 + a) > 1 / 4
3 > 5 . 3 < 5 ,

5 / > 5 5 / 3 = 2 5 / 3 > 1 > 1 / 4 .

3. 1 2

.
, , 1
2 , .
4. 1, 2, ,
. .
2 > , 2 1, 2, , , 1, 2, ,

{ 1, 2, , } {1, 2, , }, .
i - j . .


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SOCIETY
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67
" "

, 20 2007

,

1. .
2. ,

3.
4.

5.
6.

7.
8.

9.

, , , ,
,
,
.
(3)
(9-12 ). '
.
' ,
,
. ...
.
.
,
,
' ..., 34, 106 79
, , , ,
.

() ...
( ).
24 2007
.
...
, 24 (, 26
2 2007), 11
(, 2007) 48 (,
2007).
, .. ...

.

10.

.. .
.. ...


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MATHEMATICAL
SOCIETY
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67
" "
, 20 2007


1.

42
2 + 1

2. .
,

n = 4
n ,
.

3. , , ,

n.

( )( + ) 0

+ +
+
=
+
+ +

, , , 0.
4. xyzxyz ,

x0

x, y , z

7, 11 13.

: 3


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SOCIETY
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67
" "
, 20 2007


1.

= 2 5 3 7 .
.

2.

3.

92

90

x, y , z
x y 6
= = .
3 4 z

=6.

11 , 11 .

4. 15 115 . ,
.

: 3


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MATHEMATICAL
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67
" "
, 20 2007


1.

, , , ,

< < < <

+ + +
+ + +

(i) :
(ii)

< < .

x = ( + )( + ) , y = ( + )( + ) , z = ( + )( + ) ,
x, y , z .

n =
n
2.
, , =

n =
n . .

3.

x, y > 0

x 3 + y 2 64 , :
x 4 + y 3 < 512 .

4. 1, 10 100 . 1000 50000 ;

: 3


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67
" "
, 20 2007


1.

( x ) = x3 + x +

, \

x1 , x2 , x3 .

= (1 x12 )(1 x22 )(1 x32 )

2.

, .

p = 90D

=.

. :
3.

= 2.

, , :
+

4 + 4
3

+
4.

.
, . =

= y ,
S = x2 + y 2
.

: 3

x,


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SOCIETY
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67
" "
, 20 2007

1.

log150 2 = x, log150 3 = y

A = 50
2.


x1 , x2 ,


3.

x3

( x ) = x3 + x +

, \

= (1 + x12 )(1 + x22 )(1 + x32 )

, .

\ :

4.

1 x y
2(1 y )

3x 1 2 x3 + 1
=
.
2
3

=2

n = 60D ,

+ + 2 3 .

: 3


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www.hms.gr


67
" "

, 20 2007


.

, ..

.


1.

42
] ` 2 + 1 42 = {1, 2,3, 6, 7,14, 21, 42} .
2 + 1
2 + 1 :
2 + 1 = 1 2 + 1 = 3 2 + 1 = 7 2 + 1 = 21
= 0 = 1 = 3 = 10 .

n = ,
2.
:

4 + 90D + = 180D 5 = 90D


= 18D

3.
+ +
+ +
+
=
+

+ +
+ +
2
2

=
2 ( ) = 0
+
2 = 0 = 0 = 0 = 0.
4.

= xyzxyz = 100000 x + 10000 y + 1000 z + 100 x + 10 y + z


= 100100 x + 10010 y + 1001z
= 1001 (100 x + 10 y + z )
= 7 11 13 xyz.
7,11 13 .


1.

= ( 2 5 ) 22 34 7 2 = 1090 4 81 49 = 15876 1090 .


90

90 6.
2.

x y 6
4x
xz = 18 .
= = 4 x = 3 y xz = 18 y =
3 4 z
3
x, z
xz = 18 ( x, z ) = (1,18 ) ( 2,9 ) ( 3, 6 ) ( 6,3) ( 9, 2 ) (18,1) ,

4x
:
3
( x, y, z ) = ( 3, 4, 6 ) ( 6,8,3) ( 9,12, 2 ) (18, 24,1) .

, y =

3.

( ) = ( ) + ( )

36 3 1
1
= 6 + 6
4
2
2

+ = 3 3 (1)
A

K1

1 1
1
1
KK1 = MK, 1 =
2
2
3
3
1 =
, 1 =
2
2
3 9
11 = 1 + 1 = ( + )
= .
2 2

1
1
3 3
.
( MK + M ) = 3 3 =
2
2
2
1
27 3
.
( 11 ) = ( 1 + 1 ) 11 =
2
8
1 + 1 =

4. ,

1 + 2 + + 15 = 120 > 115 .
,
.

1. (i) < < < <


= , < < .
(ii)
x y = ( + )( + ) ( + )( + ) = +

= ( ) + ( ) = ( )( ) < 0.
x y < 0 x < y .
y z = ( )( ) < 0 .
2.

n =
n ,


= .
(1)
,
:
n =
n.
, = ,

n =
n.

(2)
(1) (2)
,
=,
.

3. x, y > 0
x3 + y 2 64 x 3 < 64 y 2 < 64 x < 4 y < 8 x 4 < 4 x3 y 3 < 8 y 2 ,

x 4 + y 3 < 4 x 3 + 8 y 2 < 8 ( x3 + y 2 ) 8 64 = 512 .

4. x , y
10 z 100 ,
x + 10 y + 100 z = 50000 x + y + z = 1000 ,
(1)
:

9 y + 99 z = 49000 9 ( y + 11z ) = 49000 9 49000 ,

, 49000 13
9.


1. :
( x ) = ( x x1 )( x x2 )( x x3 ) .

(1)

:
( x1 , x2 , x3 ) = (1 x1 )(1 + x1 )(1 x2 )(1 + x2 )(1 x3 )(1 + x3 )
= (1 x1 )(1 x2 )(1 x3 )(1 + x1 )(1 + x2 )(1 + x3 )
= (1) ( 1 x1 )( 1 x2 )( 1 x3 )
= (1) ( 1) = (1 + + )( 1 + ) = (1 + ) 2 .
2

2.

1
: 2 = = 2R 2 R 2 = 4R 2 = 2R = 2 O.

= 90 ,

=
.
: O
, :
OB E

2
=
= 2


n =
n = 45D ,

.
2
= =
.
(1)
2
, 1 , 1 = R ,
,
2
2

2 R = 1 = = 2 .
(2)

= 2
1

2R
2
(2) =
, (1) = =
2

= + = 2 .
3.


 



4
4
3
3
3
3
3
+
+ + + + + + 3 + 3 3 + 3
=

( ) ( ) = ( ) ,
+
+
.

4. = = , + = .

x
y

y =
.
= =
x=

2 2 2 2
S=x +y =
+ 2
(1)
2

2
2 2 + 2 ( )
S=
2
2 + 2 2 2 2
+ 2 = f ( ) .
=

2

S
2

2 2
2 + 2

> 0 , =
2
2
2( + 2 )

2
.
2 + 2

2
, 0
= = 2
+ 2
2
S
.
=
2

2
=
f 2
2
+

2 + 2 2 2 2

2
2
2

2 2
2 2
.

2
+
=
2
2
2

(1) :
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2
2
S 2 + 2 = 2 + 2 2 + 2 ( + ) = 2 S 2



+ 2

2 2
.
2 + 2

2
= ,
=

: Smin =

2
.
2


1. 150 x = 2, 150 y = 3
1 x y

1 x y

1 x y
1 x y
150 2(1 y ) 150 2(1 y )
1 y 2(1 y )
2
A=
150
150
=
=
=
(
)

y
3
150

1 x y
1 x y
150
150
= (1501 y ) 2(1 y ) = 150 2 = 1501 x y =
=
=
x+y
150
150 x 150 y

150
= 25 = 5.
23

150
log150

1 x y
6 log 50 = 1 log 25 = log 5.
= log150 50 =
log150 A =
150
150
150
2 (1 y )
2
150
2 log150

3
=5.
2. :
( x ) = ( x x1 )( x x2 )( x x3 ) .

(1)

:
( x1 , x2 , x3 ) = ( i x1 )( i x1 )( i x2 )( i x2 )( i x3 )( i x3 )
= ( i x1 )( i x2 )( i x3 )( i x1 )( i x2 )( i x3 )
= (1) ( 1) = ( i + i + )( i i + ) = 2 + ( 1) .
2

2x 2 + 1
,
3
3x 1
1
, x
3
2
3

h 1 ( x ) =
3 1 3x , x < 1

2
3
1
(1) h 1 ( x ) = h ( x ) x .
3
f , G h 1 , G h
y=x.
2x 3 + 1
2x 3 + 1
y = h ( x )
y=
x=

:
3
3

y=x

y=x
y=x

3.

h ( x ) =

3 1
3 1
3 + 1
x 1,
,
x 1,
2x 3 3x + 1 = 0
1

2
2
2 x .

3
y=x

=
y=x
y
x

3 1
(1) x 1,
.
2

2
2x 3 + 1
(2)
2x 3 + 1
y=

y = h ( x )
y = h ( x )

3
3

1
3
2 3
x = h ( y )
y = h ( x )
2y + 1
3
x y = ( y x ) (3)
x=

3
3
y=

( 3) x = y

2x 2 + 2yx + 2y 2 + 3 = 0

= (12y 2 + 24 ) < 0, y \ ..

( 4) x = y

( 4 )

4. C1 ( K, R ) A B
C 2 ( , R ) . .

C1
C2.
I = IB + I .
= 120 .
BI =
IA + IB + I = + .
IA = 2R (R )
IA = A R < A R = KA = R.
2 3
2 2 3
IA + IB + I 3R = 3
= 2 3 , =2 R =
=
.
3
3
3

2
=x, IB=y, I=

= 30o x = 2
2
2
2
BI = 120 y 2 + 2 + y = 4 ( y + ) y = 4 ( y + ) = 4 + y
y + = 4 + y = 4 + =y.
1
( IB ) = 2 =
2
1
3 3
3
, =
.
( IB ) = y =
2
2
4
4
3

+ 4+ 2 3, 3 +2 4+ 4 3 .
2
2
2 2 3
8
8
R 3 = 2 R =
R >
>
8 > 3 > 4 > > .
4
3
3
3
3

2 4 + 3 ( 4 ) , 4 ( 4 + ) 2 ( 4 ) , 3 2 28 + 32 0
2

=188.
A
30

I
120


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68

, 19 2008

,

1. .
2. ,
, , , ,
,
,
.
3.
.
4. (3)
(9-12 ). '
.
5. ' ,
,
. ...
.
6. .
7. ,
,
' ..., 34, 106 79
, , , ,
.
8.
() ...
( ).
9. 23 2008
. ...
,
25 (, 2008),
12 (, 2008) 49
(, 2008).
10. , .. ...

.

11.
. /
.. .
.. ...


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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

, 19 2008

,
()
. .
. .
:

.

, ,
1997-2007.
.. ,
.


..
...


( ) 34
106 79
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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


68


, 19 2008

B
1.

8 x + 10 y = 1 ,
= 2008 4 ( 4 x + 5 y ) 48 x 60 y.

2.
a 5,
5 . a ;
3
ABC
C
AB . ,

CD = CE = AB.

AB B
BF = AB .
)
.
( ).
) AFED
ABC ;

4
() = ababab , a, b
, 3.
() = ababab , a, b
, 5 9.


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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


68


, 19 2008

12b + 26a = 1 ,
=

5
2
1
( 24b + 52a ) ( 72b + 156a ) .
12

2

3000 .
.
12 ,
1
10

2
2 .
;
3
BC

AB = 2 7 AC = 6 .
) .
)
ABC BC .
) E Ex

ABC ,

Ex 2
> .
E 3

A
B

4
= abc , a, b, c a > 0.
,
396. , 41
50 .
.


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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


68


, 19 2008


1
()

K = ( x + y ) ( x y ) 6 x2 y y3
3

()

= 2000043 1999963 24 2000002 64


.
2
a, b

a 2 + b 2 2a = 2b + ab 4 ,

(2x a) ( x b)
3

x3 = 0 .

.
3
= 2 = .
:
+
.
4
x, y, z x > 0, y + 1 > 0, z + 2 > 0 x + y + z = 3 ,

x ( y + 1) ( y + 1)( z + 2 ) x ( z + 2 )
+
+
3.
x + y +1
y+ z+3
x+ z+2

x, y, z ;


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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


68


, 19 2008


1
:

x 2 + 2 = 3 3x 2 .
2
n
. 3 , 2
1 .
364 , n .
3
x, y, z

x 2 + y 2 + z 2 + 2 x + 4 y + 6 z + 13 = 0 ,
m :

x+ y + z +m 0.

4.


(i)
(ii)
(iii)

= = 90D , = = = 2 .

: + < + .
+
.
, .


( ) 34
106 79
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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


68


, 19 2008

: | z |= 1 .

Re( z ) 0 , Im( z ) 0
6 z 4 + 5z 2 + 6
\ ,
3z 4 + z 2 + 3

x 3 + 3 xy + y 3 = 1
3
2
3
2
x

x
=
y

()

` , :

` .

.

+1 - = 2 + 1 ,

4
. . ,
, , ,
, .
x = () , y = () z = () , :
4
4
4
2 2
2 2
2 2
.

x + y + z 2x y + 2x z + 2 y z

2008


1
8x 10 y 1 ,

2008 4 4 x 5 y 48x 60 y.
(1 )
2008 4 4 x 5 y 48 x 60 y
2008 2 2 4 x 5 y 6 8 x 10 y
2008 2 8 x 10 y 6 8 x 10 y 2008 2 1 6 1 2000.

(2 )
2008 4 4 x 5 y 48 x 60 y

2008 16 x 20 y 48 x 60 y
2008 64 x 80 y 2008 8 8 x 10 y 2008 8 1 2000.
2
a 5,
5 .
a ;

,
6 5
a 5 6 5 , 1, 2,3, 4 a 31 25, 1, 2,3, 4.
0 .
1 , a 311 25 56 .
2 , a 31 2 25 87 .
3 , a 31 3 25 118
4 , a 31 4 25 149 .
a : a 118 a 149.
3
ABC
C
AB .
CD CE AB.
AB B
BF AB .
)
.
.

2
) AFED
ABC ;

) ABCD BFEC ,
. ,
AD BC FE . ABC, BFE, BEC ACD .

K
B

ABC ACD
ABCD BC.
BFE, BEC . , AK BC
FE , ABK BF ,
BF ( BC, EF
ABK
BF ). = B
ABC, BFE, BEC ACD ,
.
() AFED ABC ACD BFE BEC 4 ABC
ABC

1
ABC .
AFED 4 ABC 4
4
() ababab ,
a, b , 3.
() ababab ,
a, b , 5 9.

()
a b a b a b 3 a 3 b 3 a b ,
3, 3.
() 5, b
0 5. :

b 0, 3 a 0 3 a .
9, 3 a 9. a
0, a 3,6,9 ,

303030 =606060 909090.


b 5 , 3 a 5
9, a 5 3,6,9,12 , 1 a 9
a 1, 4,7 . =151515 =454545
=757575.


1.
12b 26a 1,
5
2
1
24b 52a 72b 156a .
12

5
2
1
24b 52a 72b 156a
12
2
1
5
2 12b 26a 6 12b 26a
12
2

5
5 1 1 5 1 1
2
1
2 1 6 1 0.
12
12 2 6 12 4 6
2.

3000 .

. 12
, 10
1

2 .
2
;

1
12 2 8 .
2
x, y z , ,
,
x
y z
,
12 10 8
x 12, y 10, z 8
x y z 3000 12 10 8 3000 100 .
:

4
x
100 x 12 100 1200 , ,
12
3600 .
y
100 y 12 100 1000 , ,
10
3000 .
z
100 z 8 100 800 , ,
8
2400 .

3

BC
AB 2 7 AC 6 .
)
.
)
ABC
BC .
) E
Ex

ABC ,

Ex 2
.
E 3

) A 90 , :

BC 2 AB 2 AC 2 62 2 7

36 4 7 64 .

BC 8 .
8
4.
2
AD
ABC :
AB AC BC AD
12 7 3 7

8 AD 6 2 7 AD

.
ABC
2
2
8
2
) E R2 42 16 .
ABC
62 7
16 6 7 ,
Ex E ABC 16
2
Ex 2
16 6 7 2

48 18 7 32 16 18 7
E 3
16
3
.
567
2
2
8 9 7 64 81 7
,
64

) AO , AO

5
, 2 3,142 32 9 ,

567
9.
64

4
abc , a, b, c
a 0. ,
396. ,
41 50 .
.

abc 100a 10b c ,


cba 100c 10b a ,
:
396 99 a c 396 a c 4
c a 4.

41 50 a b c 100a 10b c 41 50a 50b 50c

(1)

50a 40b 49c 41,


, (1),
50a 40b 49 a 4 41 a 40b 155.
a ,
156
164
1 a 9 1 40b 155 9 156 40b 164
b
,
40
40
b 4 . (1) (2) a 5 c 1.
=541.


1
()
3
3
K x y x y 6 x2 y y3 .
()
2000043 1999963 24 2000002 64
.

()

x y x y 6x2 y y3
3

x3 3x 2 y 3xy 2 y 3 x3 3x 2 y 3xy 2 y 3 6 x 2 y y 3
x3 3x 2 y 3xy 2 y 3 x3 3x 2 y 3xy 2 y 3 6 x 2 y y 3
y3.

()

(2)

2000043 1999963 24 2000002 64


200000 4 200000 4 6 2000002 4 43 ,
3

, x 200000 y 4 ,
y3 43 .
2
a, b
a2 b2 2a 2b ab 4 ,

2x a x b
3

x3 0 .

a 2 b 2 2a 2b ab 4 a 2 b 2 22 ab 2a 2b 0
1
2
2
2
a b b 2 2 a 0

2
a b b 2 2 a 0 a b 2.

2x a x b
3

x3 0 2 x 2 x 2 x3 0
3

2x 2 2 x x 0
3

3 2 x 2 2 x x 0,
2 x 2 2 x x 0,
.
, .

2 x 2 2 x x 0 2 x 2 0 2 x 0 x 0 x 1 x 2 x 0.
3
2 .
:

.

45 .
( = B = ),


90 180
225 180 ,

, .
,

( ).

.
,
= . = ,
(1)
.
.
,

(2)
.

,
, (1) (2)
.
4
x, y, z x 0, y 1 0, z 2 0 x y z 3 ,

x y 1 y 1 z 2 x z 2

3.
x y 1
y z 3
xz2
x, y, z ;



,
2
(1)
a b 4ab, , a, b ,
, a b 0 .
2

a b. a, b , (1)
ab
ab

,
ab
4
a b.
(2) a x, b y 1
x y 1 x y 1

x y 1
4

y 1 z 2 y z 3 ,
y z 3
4
x z 2 x z 2

.
xz2
4
(3), (4) (5)

(2)

(3)

(4)
(5)

x y 1 y 1 z 2 x z 2 2( x y z ) 6

x y 1
y z 3
xz2
4
x y 1 y 1 z 2 x z 2 2 3 6

3.
x y 1
y z 3
xz2
4
x y 1 z 2 , x y z 3
x x 1 x 2 3 3x 6 x 2 y 1, z 0.

x 2 2 3 3x 2 .
(1 )

2
3x 2 0 x .
3
,

2 9 3x 2 x 4 4 x 2 27 x 22 0 .
2

(1)

(1) : 1, -1, 2, -2, 11, -11, 22, -22.


1
Horner
x 1 x3 x2 5x 22 0.
Horner x 2 ,
x3 x2 5x 22
x 1 x 2 x 2 3x 11 0

x 1 x 2 x 2 3x 11 0
x 1 x 2,
2
x 3x 11 0 35 0 .
2
x

2
.
3
2
y 3x 2, x .
3


y 0 y 2 3x 2 ,

x2 2 3 y .

x 2 3 y 2
2
2
x y 0 .
3
y 3x 2

9

x 2 y 2 3 y x x y x y 3 0

x y 0 x y 3 0 x y x y 3.
2
x y 3 x y 0 .
3
x y
x2 3x 2 x2 3x 2 0 x 1 x 2.

2
n
. 3 ,
2 1 .
364 ,
n .

n .
1 n -1 , n -1 .
2 n - 2 , n - 2 .
3 n - 3 , n - 3 .
..........................................................................................................................................
(n-1) 1 , 1 .
:
(1)
1 2 3 (n 1) .

1 2 ... n 2 n 1
n 1 n 2 ...
2
,

2 n 1 n 1 1 n 1 n

n 1 n .

2

( ) 4 .
:
364
(2)
= 91 .
4
(1) (2) :
(n -1)n
(n -1)n
(n -1)n 13 14
n 14 .
91
7 13

2
2
2
2
14 .
3.
x, y, z
x2 y 2 z 2 2 x 4 y 6 z 13 0 ,
m :
x y z m 0.

10

x2 y 2 z 2 2 x 4 y 6 z 13 0 x2 2 x 1 y 2 4 y 4 z 2 6 z 9 1
( x 1)2 ( y 2)2 ( z 3)2 1
a x 1 , y 2 z 3 ,
2 2 2 1.

3( 2 2 2 ) ( )2 ,
2 2 2 .
.

( )2 3 1 3 x y z 6 3
- 3 x y z 6 3 3 - 3 x y z 6- 3 0.

x 1 y 2 z 3

3
,
3

m 6 - 3 .
4

90 , 2 .

(i)
: .
(ii)

.
(iii)
,
.

(i)
2 2 1 2 2 , 5 2 2 5 ,

1 2 2 2 5 2 2 1 5
8 6 2 5 1 5, .

11
(ii)
,
(1)
.
,
, =
(2)
.
,
,
.
+
.
(iii) 2 , ,
.
, .
, = = .

, :
2
.

3
3
:
1
1
2 4 2
.
2 2 2
2
2
3
3

2 4

3
3

2 2 1 2 1 2 4
2

3 2

4
4

.
3
3
2


1 z Re( z), Im( z) 0

| z | 1 .

6 z 4 5z 2 6
,
3z 4 z 2 3

(1 )

6 z 4 5z 2 6
,
w
3z 4 z 2 3


ww

6 z 4 5z 2 6 6 z 4 5z 2 6

,
3z 4 z 2 3
3z 4 z 2 3

12
zz z

z 1 z
4

z 2 0 z 1,

Re( z), Im( z) 0 z 2 z 2 0 .


(2 )
,
6 z 4 5z 2 6
3z 2
2 4 2

3z 4 z 2 3
3z z 3

3z 2
3z 4 z 2 3
1 1
1

z 2 2 z 2 2 .
4
2
2
3z z 3
3z
z 3
z

1
1
1
1 1
z 2 2 z 2 2 z 2 z 2 2 2 0 z 2 z 2 1 4 0.
z
z
z
z
|z|
, Re( z), Im( z) 0 z 2 z 2 0 ,
z 1 z 1.
4

x3 3xy y 3 1
3
2
3
2
x x y y

()

x3 3xy y3 1
x3 y3 1 3xy(1) ,
Euler
x y 1 0 x y 1.

x y 1

x y 1

.
() 3

3
1
2
3
2
2
3
2 2
x x y y
x x y y
3

2 x, y 1, 1 ,
x y 1

x y 1

2
2
x y x y 0
x y x xy y x y 0
x y 1
x y 1

2
x y 0 x xy y x y 0
x y 1

1 1
x, y ,

2
2 2 x y xy x y 0

1 1 x y 1
1 1
,
x, y , x, y 1, 0 x, y 0,1 .
2 2 xy 0
2 2

x, y

13
3
, :

1 - 2 1 , .

.

1 2 1 , 1, 2,,( 1)
:
1 2 1 2 1 1
2 3 2 2 2 1
..........................
1 : 1 2( 1) 1.
:

1 2 1 2 3 ( 1) 1
( 1)
1 2
1 1 ( 1) 1
2

2 1 1 .

(1)

2 , 1 a1 .

(2)

:
m m1 m2 (m 1)2 m2 (m2 2m 1
m4 2m3 m2 m2 m2 2m 2

4
m
m2 2 2
m3 2m2 2
m m 2 m m2 m .

4
. ,
, ,
, , .
x ( ) , y ( ) z ( ) , :
x4 y4 z4 2x2 y2 2x2 z2 2 y2 z2 .


. ( ) ( ) .

(1)
.
(1) :
1
1


2
2
(2)
() ().

14

( 1 ) :
1
1

2
2
(3)
() ()
(2) (3) :
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) , :
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( ) .
;
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) .
x ( ) , y ( ) z ( ) ,
, :
(4)
0 x y z , 0 y x z 0 z x y .
:
x4 y4 z4 2x2 y2 2x2 z2 2 y2 z2

x 4 y 4 z 4 2 x 2 y 2 2 y 2 z 2 2 x 2 z 2 ( 2 xz )2 0

( 2 xz ) 0
x z 2 xz y 0
( x z ) y 0

z2 y2

z 2 2 xz y 2

( x z )

2
2
y2
x y z x z y x y z x y z 0
x y z x z y x y z y z x 0 ,
, (4).
2


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69

, 17 2009

,

1. .
2. ,
, , , ,
,
,
.
3.
.
4. (3)
(9-12 ). '
.
5. ' ,
,
. ...
.
6. .
7. ,
,
' ..., 34, 106 79
, , , ,
.
8.
() ...
9. 21 2009
.
...
, 26
(, 2009), 13
(, 2009) 50 (
, 2009).
10. , .. ...

.

.. ...


( ) 34
106 79
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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

, 17 2009

,
()
. .
. .
:
.
(2 ), (1984-2008),
1997-2007 2 .

2009.
.
.
.. ,
.


..
...


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

17 2009


. ..

/ ,



69
O .

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

69





, 17 2009

B
1
4 x 5 y = 10 ,

= ( 4 x + 5 y ) 36 x + 35 y + ( 8 : 4 2 ) .
2

5
2
= 3x 2, = x + 12 = 2 x + 8 , x 2 .
x . x
;
5
3
= = , . 20% 30%,
.
5
4

( > )

. .
() , , , , ,
,
.
() .
5

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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www.hms.gr


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106 79
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www.hms.gr

69





, 17 2009

a + 2b =

1
,
2
3

= (16a + 32b ) ( 32a + 64b )


2

2 4 4
+ : 3 .
3

2
x, y

x2 + 4 y 2 =

20
xy ,
3

x + 2y
.
x 2y
5

n = ab = 10a + b, a , b
a 0 , :
, .
5
4

. ,
> . , .
.
5

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


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106 79
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e-mail : info@hms.gr
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69





, 17 2009


1

m

nm

2 1
1
m+n
x y2 y + x y


=
,
mn
n
1
2 1
m+n
y 2 x x
x
y

m, n x, y xy 0, xy 1 xy 1.
5
2
, , :

= +

3 2
2 3
2 2
+ + 2 = 37 .

5
3
3 .
= = .
. , :
() : .
3
() .
2
4

abc = 100a + 10b + c , a, b, c


a 0 , :

abc = ( a + b 2 + c 3 ) .
2

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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www.hms.gr


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106 79
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69





, 17 2009


1
a \

x 2 + 4 y 2 = 4a 2
ax y = 2a,
.
a , .
5
2
S1 = x + y + z S 2 = xy + yz + zx , x, y , z \
x2 ( y + z ) + y 2 ( z + x ) + z 2 ( x + y ) = 6 .
() : 3xyz = S1S 2 6 .
() x, y , z , S1 = 3 S 2 = 2 .

4
1

3
= 90D .

1 , 2 , 3 , , , , : 3 = 1 2 .
5
4.
k , 1 < k < 30 -

P ( x ) , :

( x k ) P ( 3x ) = k ( x 1) P ( x ) ,
x \ .
5


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

69

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr





, 17 2009


1
m
f ( x ) = 3x + 6 , g ( x ) = mx, m \ ,

x 3.

2
H O AB.
, , , .
1 , 1 1 :
JJJJG
JJJG
JJJJG
JJJG JJJJG
JJJG
1 = , 1 = 1 = , > 1 .

C 1 H

1 2 . , C ( 1 , 1 ) C ( 1 , 1 ) B1 , B2

1 , 2 , .
1 , 2 , 1 , 2 , 1 2 .
5
3
k P ( x )
, n , :

( x k ) P ( 3x ) = k ( x 1) P ( x ) ,

x \ .

4
f : \ \ , -

( f (\) = \ ) .

x, y

f ( f ( f ( x) ) f ( y ) ) = f ( x) f ( f ( y ) ) ,

f .
5


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


69


, 17 2009

B
1.
4 x 5 y = 10 ,

= ( 4 x + 5 y ) 36 x + 35 y + ( 8 : 4 2 ) .
2

:
= ( 4 x + 5 y ) 36 x + 35 y + ( 8 : 4 2 )
= 4 x + 5 y 36 x + 35 y + ( 2 2 )

= 32 x + 40 y + 02 = 8 ( 4 x 5 y ) + 0 = 8 10 = 80.

2
= 3x 2, = x + 12 = 2 x + 8, x 2 .
x . x
;

, :
= = =
3 x 2 = x + 12 3x 2 = 2 x + 8 2 x + 8 = x + 12

2 x = 14 x = 10 x = 4 x = 7 x = 10 x = 4.
x
= = , .
3
= = , . 20% 30%,
.

= . :

20
2 12
30
3 13
= +
=
= +
=+
=
.
100
10
10
100
10
10
:
12 13 156
56
56
=

=
= +
=+
10 10
100
100
100
56
56
=

=
.

100
100
56% .

= +

( > )

. .
() , , , , ,
,
.
() .

= 2
= 200 ,
()
+
+ = 1800 2
+ + 200 = 1800 4
= 2000
= 500 .

= 1000 = 300 .

, ( ,
),
, = = . .

= = 500 , = = 300 ,

= 1800 2 500 = 800


= 1800 2 300 = 1200 .

() :
= 90D

(1)
:
=
= 1800
= 1800 500 500 = 800 .

(2)
(1) (2) :
= 90D 800 = 100 .

a + 2b =

1
,
2
3

= (16a + 32b ) ( 32a + 64b )


2

2 4 4
+ : 3 .
3

= (16a + 32b ) ( 32a + 64b )


2

1
162 ( a + 2b )

1
323 ( a + 2b )

2 4

+ : 34
3

3 4 1
+ 4
2 3

34 1
=

+
24 34
2
3

4 21
5 31
( 2 ) 2 ( 2 ) 2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
= 8 2 153 + 43 = 6 12 + 12 = 6 = .
2
2
2
2 2
2
2
64
1

2
x, y
20
x2 + 4 y 2 =
xy ,
3

x + 2y
=
.
x 2y

20
x 2 + 4 y 2 =
xy :
3
20
32
2
x2 + 4 y 2 + 2 x 2 y =
xy + 4 xy ( x + 2 y ) =
xy,
3
3
20
8
2
x2 + 4 y 2 2 x 2 y =
xy 4 xy ( x 2 y ) = xy > 0,
3
3
:
32
2
xy
2
x
+
y
(
)
2
3
=
=
= 4 = 2 = 2.
2
( x 2 y ) 8 xy
3

20
x 2 + 4 y 2 =
xy y 2
3
x
u = :
y

x
y
x
u =
y

u =

x
20 x
20
10 64
2
=0
+ 4 = 0 u u + 4 = 0 u
3 y
3
3
9

y
10 8
10
8
2
u = u = u=6 u= .
3 3
3
3
3
6y + 2y
= 6 x = 6 y , : =
= 2.
6y 2y
x + 3x
2
= 3x = 2 y , : =
= 2.
3
x 3x

3
n = ab = 10a + b, a, b , a 0 ,
:

, .

:
ab + 4 ( a + b ) = 10a + b ,

a, b , a 0 . :
ab + 4a + 4b = 10a + b ab 6a + 3b = 0
a ( b 6 ) + 3 ( b 6 ) = 18 ( a + 3)( b 6 ) = 18
( a + 3)( 6 b ) = 18.
, 4 a + 3 12 , :
( a + 3, 6 b ) = ( 6,3) ( 9, 2 )
( a, b ) = ( 3,3) ( 6, 4 ) ,
33 64.
4

. ,
> . .
.

.
= 90D .
= 90D . :
+
,

=
,

(1)
.

=
=
=
,

,
.

=
,

(2)
.
(1) (2) :

+
=
+
= 1800
= 1800 90D = 90D ,


.

,
, .


1

m

nm

2 1
1
m+ n
x y2 y + x y


=
,
mn
n

1
1
2

m+ n
y 2 x x
x
y

m, n x, y xy 0, xy 1 xy 1.

nm

nm

x 2 y 2 1 xy + 1
2 1
1
m+ n
m+ n
x
y
y

2
2
y
x
y
x



=
=
mn
n
mn
n
2 2
x y 1 xy 1
1
2 1
m+ n
x m+ n
y 2 x x

2
x
y

x
y

(x
=

y 2 1)

mn

( xy + 1) y mn y m+ n

mn
m+n
y 2m
( xy 1) x nm x
mn
mn
nm
xy + 1) ( xy 1) ( xy + 1)
(
=
x 2 n 2 n y 2 m 2 m = 1.
mn
( xy 1)
2

x2n

nm

2
, :

= + 3 2 + 2 3 + 2 2 2 = 37 .

= + 0 :

= + = ( +
2

2 2 + 2 = 2 + 2 + 2
= ( 0 0 ) ( 0 0 ) .

:
3 2 + 2 3 + 2 2 2 = 37 2 2 ( + + 2 ) ( + + 2 ) = 35
( + + 2 ) ( 2 2 1) = 35,

2 2 1 35, :

2 2 1 = 1 2 2 1 = 5 2 2 1 = 7 2 2 1 = 35
2 2 = 2 2 2 = 0 2 2 = 6 2 2 = 4 2 2 = 8
2 2 = 6 2 2 = 36 2 2 = 34.
, , ] 2 2 0 , :
2 2 = 0 , ( , ) = ( 0, 37 ) ( , ) = ( 37, 0 ) .

2 2 = 36 = 6 ( , ), :
+ = 1

( , ) = ( 3, 2 ) ( , ) = ( 2, 3) .
= 6

3
3 .
= = .
. , :
() :
() .

() ( = = 3 ,
Z =
. ,
Z = = ).
:
+
+
=

= 1800 90D = 90D.


= 1800
,
.

.

()

( ) =

1
5
=

2
2

( ) = ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) = 9 2 3 2 2
: =

3 2 7 2
=
,
2
2

7 5
.
5

4
abc = 100a + 10b + c , a, b, c , a > 0 ,
:

abc = ( a + b 2 + c3 )

100 abc = ( a + b 2 + c3 ) < 1000 :


2

10 a + b 2 + c 3 31 ,
(1)
(1) , a {1, 2,...,9} b, c {0,1, 2,...,9} , :
c {0,1, 2,3} b {0,1, 2,3, 4,5} .

(2)

abc = ( a + b 2 + c 3 ) 100a + 10b + c = ( a + b 2 + c 3 ) .


2

(3)

:
c = 0 (3) :

100a + 10b = ( a + b 2 ) ,
2

(4)

b {0,1, 2,3, 4,5} a, b .


, a, b (4)
a + b 2 0.
( a, b ) = ( 9,1) ( 6, 2 ) (1,3) ( 4, 4 ) ( 5,5 ) ,
(4).

c = 1 (3) :

100a + 10b + 1 = ( a + b 2 + 1) ,
2

a + b 2 + 1 1 9.

( a, b ) = ( 8, 0 ) ( 7,1) ( 9,1) ( 4, 2 ) ( 6, 2 ) (1,3)

( 9,3) ( 2, 4 ) ( 4, 4 ) ( 3,5 ) ( 5,5 ) ,


( a, b ) = ( 4, 4 ) abc = 441 .

c = 2 (3) :

100a + 10b + 2 = ( a + b 2 + 2 ) ,
2

, 2.
c = 3 (3) :
100a + 10b + 3 = ( a + b 2 + 3) ,
2

, 3.


1
a
x 2 + 4 y 2 = 4a 2
ax y = 2a
.
a .


y = ax 2a
y = ax 2a
x 2 + 4 y 2 = 4a 2

.
2
2
2
2
2
2
x + 4 ( ax 2a ) = 4a
ax y = 2a
(1 + 4a ) x 16a x + 12a = 0
, , , (1 + 4a 2 ) x 2 16a 2 x + 12a 2 = 0 -

, , , , :

= 16a 2 ( 4a 2 3) = 0 a = 0 a =

a = 0 , ( x, y ) = ( 0, 0 ) .

a =

3
3
a=
.
2
2

3
(1 + 4a 2 ) x 2 16a 2 x + 12a 2 = 0 4 x 2 12 x + 9 = 0 2
3
3
3
x = , ( x, y ) = ,
,
2
2
4

3 3
3
3
a =
( x, y ) = ,
.
, a =
2
4
2
2

2
S1 = x + y + z S2 = xy + yz + zx , x, y, z \

x2 ( y + z ) + y 2 ( z + x ) + z 2 ( x + y ) = 6 .
() : 3xyz = S1S2 6 .
() x, y, z , S1 = 3 S 2 = 2 .

()
x 2 ( y + z ) + y 2 ( z + x ) + z 2 ( x + y ) = 6 x ( xy + xz ) + y ( yz + yx ) + z ( zx + zy ) = 6

x ( S2 yz ) + y ( S 2 zx ) + z ( S 2 xy ) = 6
( x + y + z ) S 2 3xyz = 6 3xyz = S1S 2 6.
() S1 = 3 S 2 = 2 :
x+ y+z =3
x+ y+z =3

xy + yz + zx = 2 xy + yz + zx = 2 ,
xyz = 0

x = 0 y = 0 z = 0


( x, y, z ) = ( 2,1, 0 ) (1, 2, 0 ) ( 2, 0,1) (1, 0, 2 ) ( 0, 2,1) ( 0,1, 2 ) .
3
= 90D . , ,

1
2
3
, , , ,
3 = 1 2 .

,
1 3
.
2 3
+

0
D
D
3 = 1800
= 180 45 = 135
2

1 = 135D 3 = 135D .

1 3 = 3 1 = 3 2 = 3 2 = 450 ,

1350 . 3 , 3 1 3 2
, 3 1 2 .
3 2 1 , 3 = 1
, . =
=
1

4.
k , 1 < k < 30
P ( x ) , :

( x k ) P ( 3x ) = k ( x 1) P ( x ) ,

x \ .

P ( x ) = an x n + an 1 x n 1 + ... + a1 x + a0 , an 0, n 1 . -


,
3n an = kan k = 3n.
1 < k < 30 n n = 1 n = 2 n = 3 .
:
(1)
( x 3n ) P ( 3x ) = 3n ( x 1) P ( x ) , x \ .
n = 1 (1) ( x 3) P ( 3 x ) = 3 ( x 1) P ( x ) , x \ ,
x = 1 P ( 3) = 0 . P ( x ) = a1 ( x 3) .

n = 2 (1) ( x 32 ) P ( 3x ) = 32 ( x 1) P ( x ) , x \ ,

P ( 3) = 0 P ( 9 ) = 0 . P ( x ) = a2 ( x 3)( x 9 ) .

n = 3 (1) ( x 33 ) P ( 3x ) = 33 ( x 1) P ( x ) , x \ ,

P ( 3) = 0 , P ( 9 ) = 0 P ( 27 ) = 0 . P ( x ) = a3 ( x 3)( x 9 )( x 27 ) .


1
m
f ( x ) = 3 x + 6 , g ( x ) = mx, m \

x 3.

y
y = mx

( 2, 0 )

y = mx, y = 3x + 6
6m
6
,

, :
m+3 m+3
1
6m
6m
6m
E ( ) = 2
=3
=3
= 3 m = 3 m = 1.
2
3+ m
3+ m
3+ m
2
H O
,
JJJJG
JJJG
1 , 1 1 : 1 = ,

AB.
, , .
JJJJG
JJJG
JJJJG
JJJG
1 = 1 = , > 1. .

C 1 H

1 2 . , C ( 1 , 1 ) C ( 1 , 1 ) B1 , B2

1 , 2 , . 1 , 2 , 1 , 2 , 1
2 .

. , ,
, ,
. 111 ,
JJJJG
JJJG JJJJG
JJJG
JJJJG
JJJG
1 = , 1 = 1 = .

11 C C . 11
, .
,
, , .

, , C , C C , C , , , , , , .

C C , :
= 1 2 = 1 2 ,
1 , 2 , 1 , 2 , 1 2 1 2 .
, 1 , 2 , 1 , 2 , 1
2 .
3
k P ( x ) , n

, , :
( x k ) P ( 3x ) = k ( x 1) P ( x ) , x \ .

P ( x ) = an x n + an 1 x n 1 + ... + a1 x + a0 , an 0, n 1 , . -


,
3n an = kan k = 3n.
:
(1)
( x 3n ) P ( 3x ) = 3n ( x 1) P ( x ) , n 1, x \ .
(1) x = 1 P ( 3) = 0 , x = 3

P ( 32 ) = 0 . P ( 3k ) = 0, k = 3,...n 1 .

(1) x = 3n :
0 = 3n ( 3n 1) P ( 3n ) = 0 P ( 3n ) = 0.

n n 3k , k = 1, 2,..., n ,
P ( x ) = an ( x 3) ( x 32 ) ( x 3n ) , an \.

. 4
f : \ \ , ( f (\) = \ ) . x, y
:
(1)
f ( f ( f ( x) ) f ( y ) ) = f ( x) f ( f ( y ) ) ,
f , .

y f ( x ) :
f ( f ( f ( x )) f ( f ( x ))) = f ( x ) f ( f ( f ( x )))
f (0) = f ( x) f ( f ( f ( x) ) )
f ( f ( f ( x) ) ) = f ( x) f (0)

( f D f D f ) ( x) = f ( x) f (0)

(2)
( f D f D f D f )( x ) = f ( f ( x ) f ( 0 ))
,
( f D f D f D f )( x ) = f ( f ( x )) f ( 0 )
:
f ( f ( x ) f ( 0 )) = f ( f ( x )) f ( 0 ) .
(3) x = 0 :
f ( f ( 0 ) f ( 0 )) = f ( f ( 0 )) f ( 0 )
f (0) = f ( f (0) ) f (0)
f ( f (0) ) = 2 f (0)

(2) .

(3)

(4).

(1) x = y = 0 (4), :
f ( f ( f ( 0 )) f ( 0 )) = f ( 0 ) f ( f ( 0 ))
f ( 2 f (0) f (0) ) = f (0) 2 f (0)
f ( f (0) ) = f (0)

(5).

(4) (5) : f ( 0 ) = 0 .
(1) x = 0 :
f ( f ( f ( 0 )) f ( y )) = f ( 0 ) f ( f ( y ))
f ( f ( y) ) = f ( f ( y) ) .
f \ , x \
y \ , f ( y ) = x .
f ( x ) = f ( x ) , x \ , f .


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106 79
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e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


70

, 23 2010

,

1. .
2. ,
, , , ,
,
,
.
3.
.
4. (3)
(9-12 ). '
.
5. ' ,
,
. ...
.
6. .
7. ,
,
' ..., 34, 106 79
, , , ,
.
8.
() ...
9. 27 2010
.
...
, 27
(, 2010), 14
(, 2010) 51 (,
, 2010).
10. , .. ...

.

11.
. /
.. .
.. ...


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


70


, 23 2010

B
1
()
= 2010 2009 2008 + 2010 2008 .
2
()
3
1 2 2
1 1 1 20
= 22 : = 2 + .
8
2 3 3
9
2 11 3
3
2
x = = 100 + 10 + , 0, 10.
, x 297. x ;
5
3
= x = y ,
. 25%,
, .
5
4


.
, .
.
5


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


70


, 23 2010

2
3
4
= ( 1) + ( 1) + ( 1) + ( 1) , .

24, .

5
2

N = ab = 10a + b, a , b a 0 , ;
5
3

S = 12 22 32 + 42 + 52 62 7 2 + 82 + + 997 2 9982 9992 + 10002 .
5
4
=
= 90D , ,
=
=
,
= 300 .

(i) .
1
(ii) . 4


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106 79
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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


70


, 23 2010


1
(i) , = 3 .
2

(ii) = 1 + 3

.
3

2

x +1 2 x = x ,

, \ , .
;
5
3
ABC C (O, R) A1 , B1 , C1
A, B, C . BC , AC , AB
A2 , B2 , C2 , , (1 ) A1 , A2 , ( 2 )
B1 , B2 ( 3 ) C1 , C2 .
(1 ) A (1 ) , ( 2 )
B ( 2 ) (3 )
C ( 3 ) . (1 ) , ( 2 ) ( 3 )
(, ), , , (1 ) , ( 2 )
(3 ) .
5
4
x, y z :
x3 y 3 = 26 z 3
x 2 y xy 2 = 6 z 3 .
() x, y z .
3
() x + 2 y + 3z = 8 , x, y z .
2


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106 79
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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


70


, 23 2010


1
( x, y, z ) -

:
x3 + y 3 = 65 z 3
x 2 y + xy 2 = 20 z 3
x y + 2 z = 10.

5
2
ABC , K
AH1 , BH 2 , CH 3 . AH 2 H 3
AK K1 , BH1 H 3
BK K 2 CH1 H 2
CK K 3 . K1 , K 2 , K 3 , H K , , H ABC .
5
3

x 2 + x + 1 2 x = x, \,

, \ , \ .
;
5
4

2 x 2 + 3x + 2 2 x 2 + x + 1 = x + 1 .


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70


, 23 2010


1
*
an , n ` ,

an +1 = an + kn, n `* ,
k a1 = 1 . k 2011
*
an , n ` .
.
5
2
ABC M 1 , M 2 , M 3 BC , AC , AB . AH1 , BH 2 , CH 3 .
AH 2 H 3 , BM 1 H 3 , CM 1 H 2
( K1 ), BH1 H 3 , AM 2 H 3 , CM 2 H1
( K 2 )

CH1 H 2 , AM 3 H 2 , BM 3 H1 ( K 3 ). ,
AK1 , BK 2 , CK 3 ( , ), ,
, AM 1 , BM 2 , CM 3 .
5
3
a, b, x, y \ ( a, b ) ( 0, 0 ) ( x, y ) ( 0, 0 )

a ( x 2 y 2 ) 2bxy = x ( a 2 b 2 ) 2aby

b ( x 2 y 2 ) + 2axy = y ( a 2 b 2 ) + 2abx,
x = a y = b .
5
4
C ( O, r ) , r = 15cm , 9cm

. C ( O, r )
.
5


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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


70


, 23 2010

B
1
()
= 2010 2009 2008 + 2010 2008 .
()
3
1 2 2
1 1 1 20
= 22 : = 2 +
8
2 3 3
9
2 11 3

() :
= 2010 2009 2008 + 2010 2008 = 2010 + 2008 ( 2010 2009 )
= 2010 + 2008 1 = 2010 + 2008 = 4018.

()
3
1 2 2 3
1 3 2 3
3 2 3 48 9 8 3 31 31
= 22 : = 4 = 4 =
=
=
8
2 3 3 8
2 2 3 8
4 3 8 12
8 12 32
1 1 1 20 9 1 20 9 21 21
.
= 2 + =
+ = =
9 22 9 9 22 9 22
2 11 3
:
31 21 31 22 32 21 682 672
10
=

=
=
=
>0,
32 22
32 22
32 22
32 22
> .
2
x = = 100 + 10 + , 0, 10.
, x 297. x ;


y = 100 + 10 + , , :
x y = 297 (100 + 10 + ) (100 + 10 + ) = 297

99 ( ) = 297 = 3.

:
= 3, = 0 = 4, = 1 = 5, = 2 = 6, = 3 = 7, = 4 = 8, = 5 = 9, = 6 .

+ + = 10 , x = :
370, 451, 532, 613.
3
= x = y ,
. 25%,
, .

25 x 125 x 5 x
=
= .
100 100
4
% ,
. :
y (100 ) y (100 ) 2 x
y1 = y
,
=
=
100
100
100

5 x (100 ) 2 x
100
xy = x1 y1 x 2 x =
2x2 =
2x2
4
100
80
100
100
2
1
= 0 ( x 0)
2x = 0 1
80
80

80 100 + = 0 = 20.
20%.
25% x1 = x +

4.

. , . .

= = , :
=

1
& :
= + = 60D + ,
=
1

(1)
(2)

60D .
= =, = = ,
:
= 1800 2 = ,
(3)
1 = 1800 2
3
,

+ = 1800 + +
= 1800

( (1) )
1
1

1 + 2 60D + 1 = 1800 ( (2))


3 1 + 1200 = 1800 1 = 200.

:
0
0
= = 1800 800 = 1000.
= 180 20 = 800 , =
= 800

2
3
4
= ( 1) + ( 1) + ( 1) + ( 1) , .

24, .

2
3
4
3

= ( 1) + ( 1) + ( 1) + ( 1) = ( 1) + 1 + ( 1) + 1

4 ,

= 2 + 2 ( 1) =

0, .
24, :
0 , .
= 4 , ,
24, :
4 {2, 4, 6,8,12, 24} , ,

1 3

,1, , 2,3, 6 , ,
2 2

= 2 = 6.
2 6.
2

N = ab = 10a + b, a , b a 0 , ;

N = ab = 10a + b, a , b a 0 ,

10a + b = ab ( a + b ) 11a = ab 2b (11 b ) a = 2b.

, (11 b ) a , . .
3
:
S = 12 22 32 + 42 + 52 62 7 2 + 82 + + 997 2 9982 9992 + 10002 .

S 250

S k = ( 4k + 1) ( 4k + 2 ) ( 4k + 3) + ( 4k + 4 ) , k = 0,1, 2,3,..., 249 .



2
2
2
2
S k = ( 4k + 1) ( 4k + 2 ) ( 4k + 3) + ( 4k + 4 )
2

= 16k 2 + 8k + 1 16k 2 16k 4 16k 2 24k 9 + 16k 2 + 32k + 16


= 4, k = 0,1, 2,3,..., 249.


S = S0 + S1 + ... + S249 = 4 + 4 + ...4 = 250 4 = 1000
4
: =
=
=
= 90D , ,
= 300 .
,
(i) .
(ii) .

(i) .
= ( )
=
+
= 2 ,

:
90D + 2 + 300 = 1800 = 300

(ii) ,
.
.

= = 300

:
3 3
1
= 300 = = .
=
2 2
4
2 2 4
, = = 300 ,

= 300 =

300 , =
=

3
4

= 300 ), = =
=
(
2
3
.
= + = + =
4 2
4

= 90D ,
= 300 = , :
,
2

/2
3
=
=
=
=
,
0
30
3
3/2
3

3 3 7 3
= + =
+
=
.
4
3
12
= 90D :
,
2

7 3 3 2 57
.
= + =
+
=
6
12 4
2


1
(i) , = 3 .

(ii) = 1 + 3

(i) = 0 = 0, . 0 . = 3 ,

= 3 , , , .

, = 0 .

(ii) = 1 + 3

= 4 + 2 3 . , 4 = 2 3

, , , (i).

2

x +1 2 x = x ,

, \ , .
;

x :
(i) x 0 .
x = x :

x + 1 2 x = x, x 0 ( + 1) x = 1, x 0
1

, > 1
x =

+1
, 1.
(ii) x < 0 .
x = x :

x + 1 + 2 x = x, x < 0 ( 3) x = 1, x < 0
1

, < 3
x =

3
, 3.
, \ ,
. 2 , : 1 < < 3 .
1
1
, 1 < < 3 x1 =
< 0 x2 =
> 0
3
+1
.
3
ABC C (O, R) A1 , B1 , C1
A, B, C . BC , AC , AB
A2 , B2 , C2 (1 ) A1 , A2 , ( 2 )
B1 , B2 ( 3 ) C1 , C2 .
(1 ) A (1 ) , ( 2 )
B ( 2 ) (3 )
C ( 3 ) . (1 ) , ( 2 ) ( 3 )
( ), , , (1 ) , ( 2 ) (3 )

(1 ) (1 ) O
ABC , O AA1 .
( 2 ) ( 2 ) O
ABC , O BB1 .

( 3 ) (3 ) O
ABC , O CC1 .
, 1800 , , O . , (1 ) , ( 2 ) ( 3 ) , K , , , (1 ), ( 2 ) (3 ) K , K
O .

K ABC , , ,
A2 , B2 ,C 2 BC , AC , AB .
:
,

4
x, y z :
x3 y 3 = 26 z 3
x 2 y xy 2 = 6 z 3 .
() x, y z .
() x + 2 y + 3z = 8 , x, y z .

3 ,
3
(1)
( x y ) = 8z3 x y = 2z .

2 zxy = 6 z 3 ,
:
(i) z 0 .
(2)
xy = 3 z 2 ,
(1) (3),
x ( x 2 z ) = 3 z 2 x 2 2 zx 3 z 2 = 0 x = 3 z x = z ,

(2)

(3)

x = 3z , y = z x = z , y = 3z .
(ii) z = 0 :
( x y ) ( x 2 + xy + y 2 ) = 0

x y = 0 x = y = 0,
xy ( x y ) = 0

:
x = y, z .
() x = 3z , y = z x + 2 y + 3 z = 8 8 z = 8 z = 1 ,

( x, y, z ) = ( 3,1,1) ,
( x, y, z ) = ( 2, 6, 2 ) .

x = z, y = 3z , 4z = 8 z = 2,

z = 0 , x = y , x + 2 y + 3 z = 8
8 8
( x, y, z ) = , , 0 .
3 3


1
( x, y, z ) :
x3 + y 3 = 65 z 3
x 2 y + xy 2 = 20 z 3
x y + 2 z = 10.

3 ,
3
(1)
( x + y ) = 125 z 3 x + y = 5 z .


5 zxy = 20 z 3 ,

(2)

xy = 4 z 2 .

(3)

:
(i) z 0 .
(2) :
(1) (3),
x ( 5 z x ) = 4 z 2 x 2 5 zx + 4 z 2 = 0 x = 4 z x = z ,

x = 4 z, y = z x = z, y = 4 z .

x = 4 z , y = z 5 z = 10 z = 2 ,
( x, y, z ) = ( 8, 2, 2) , x = z, y = 4z z = 10 z = 10,
( x, y, z ) = ( 10, 40, 10 ) .
(ii) z = 0 :
( x + y ) ( x 2 xy + y 2 ) = 0

x + y = 0 x = y = 0 x = y ,
xy ( x + y ) = 0

( x, y, z ) = ( 5, 5, 0 ) .

2
ABC , K
AH1 , BH 2 , CH 3 . AH 2 H 3
AK K1 , BH1 H 3
BK K 2 CH1 H 2
CK K 3 . K1 , K 2 , K 3 , H K ( ), H ABC .

(c1 ) AH 2 H 3 , (c 2 )
BH 1 H 3 (c3 ) CH 1 H 2 .

4
AH 2 HH 3 , (c1 ) H .
BH 1 HH 3 , (c 2 ) H .
CH 1 HH 2 , (c3 ) H .
, (c1 ) , (c 2 ) (c3 ) H
ABC .

(c1 ) AH , HK 1 AK 1 , K 1
HK .
K 2 , K 3 , .
3

x 2 + x + 1 2 x = x, \,

\ \ .
;

x , :
(i) x 0 .
:
x 2 + x + 1 2 x = x, \ x 2 ( + 1) x + 1 = 0, \,

(1)

= ( + 1) 4 = ( 1)( + 3) . (1)
2

, 3 1 . P = 1 > 0
, S = + 1 > 0 > 1 .
:
> 1 , (1) \ .
= 1 , (1) x = 1 \ .
< 1 , (1) \ .
(ii) x < 0 .
:
x 2 + x + 1 + 2 x = x, \ x 2 ( 3) x + 1 = 0, \,

(2)

= ( 3) 4 = ( 5 )( 1) . (2)
2

1 5 . P = 1 > 0 , S = 3 < 0 < 3 .


:
< 1 , (2) \
= 1 , (2) x = 1 \ .
> 1 , (2) \ .
(1) (2) , \ ,
, = 1 .
4

2 x 2 + 3x + 2 2 x 2 + x + 1 = x + 1 .

: 2 x 2 + 3x + 2 > 0 x 2 + x + 1 > 0, x \ .

a = 2 x 2 + 3x + 2, b = x 2 + x + 1, x \ , :

a 2 b 2 = ( 2 x 2 + 3 x + 2 ) ( x 2 + x + 1) = x 2 + 2 x + 1 = ( x + 1) ,
2

a, b ,

a 2 b 2 = ( a 2b ) 4ab 5b 2 = 0 b ( 4a 5b ) = 0 4a = 5b,
2

b 0 .
4 2 x 2 + 3x + 2 = 5 x 2 + x + 1 ,
, x \ ,
16 ( 2 x 2 + 3 x + 2 ) = 25 ( x 2 + x + 1)
7 x 2 + 23 x + 7 = 0 x =

x =

23 3 37
.
14

23 + 3 37
, 14

23 3 37
.
14
a 2b < 0 x \ , x < 1.

x =

an , n `* ,
an +1 = an + kn, n `* ,
k a1 = 1 . k 2011

an , n `* .
.


a1 = 1

a2 = a1 + k
a3 = a2 + 2k
.....................
an 1 = an 2 + ( n 2 ) k
an = an 1 + ( n 1) k

k ( n 1) n
.
2
, k n :
k ( n 1) n
an = 1 +
= 2011 k ( n 1) n = 4020 k ( n 1) n = 1 2 2 3 5 67
.
2
( n, k ) = ( 2, 2010 ) ( n, k ) = ( 3,670 ) ( n, k ) = ( 4,335) ( n, k ) = ( 5, 201) ( n, k ) = ( 6,134 )
an = 1 + k (1 + 2 + ... + n 1) = 1 + k (1 + 2 + ... + n 1) = 1 +

, k = 2010 a2 = 2011 , k = 670 a3 = 2011 , k = 335


a4 = 2011 , k = 201 a5 = 2011 k = 134 a6 = 2011 .

2
ABC M 1 , M 2 , M 3 BC , AC , AB , . AH1 , BH 2 , CH 3 .
AH 2 H 3 , BM 1 H 3 , CM 1 H 2
( K1 ), BH1 H 3 , AM 2 H 3 , CM 2 H1
( K 2 ) CH1 H 2 , AM 3 H 2 , BM 3 H1
( K 3 ).
AK1 , BK 2 , CK 3 , , , ,
AM 1 , BM 2 , CM 3 .

(c1 ) BM 1 H 3 , (c 2 )
CM 1 H 2 , (c3 ) AH 2 H 3 (c) BH 3 H 2 C .

5
AB AC (c) , :
AB AH 3 = AC AH 2 .
AB AH 3 A (c1 )
AC AH 2 A (c 2 ) .
A , (c1 ) (c 2 ) .
(c1 ) (c 2 ) K 1 (
M 1 ). ( K 1 M 1 ) (c1 ) (c 2 ) .
A, K 1 M 1 .
(c3 ) K 1 ,
AH 2 K 1 H 3 .

BH 3 H 2 C : = B .
BM K H : = B . = AH K H
1

.
, .
AK 1 , BK 2 ,CK 3 , , , AM 1 , BM 2 ,CM 3 ( A, K 1 , M 1 , B , K 2 , M 2 C , K 3 , M 3 , .
3
a, b, x, y \ ( a, b ) ( 0, 0 ) ( x, y ) ( 0, 0 )

a ( x 2 y 2 ) 2bxy = x ( a 2 b 2 ) 2aby

b ( x 2 y 2 ) + 2axy = y ( a 2 b 2 ) + 2abx,

x = a y = b .

,
:
a ( x 2 y 2 ) 2bxy + b ( x 2 y 2 ) + 2axy i = x ( a 2 b 2 ) 2aby + y ( a 2 b 2 ) + 2abx i

( a + bi ) ( x 2 y 2 ) + 2 xyi = ( a 2 b 2 ) + 2abi ( x + yi )
( a + bi ) ( x + yi ) = ( a + bi ) ( x + yi )
2

x + yi = a + bi ( ( , ) ( 0, 0 ) ( x, y ) ( 0, 0 ))
x = a, y = b.
4
C ( O, r ) , r = 15cm , 9cm

. C ( O, r )
.

O ,
, .
30cm . :
2



=
= 12 = 24.
= 6 ( 9 + 15 )
= 144
2
2
2
C ( O, r )
. C ( O, r )
= , , 6.
= x,

, C ( O, r )
2
p
p , .

0

6
, A ( ) ,
A ( ) = 2 225 81 2 , 0


> 0, 0, , A ( )
2
225 81

0, , A ( ) 2


A ( 0 ) , A = [ 24,30] . 2

A ( ) =

81 2

[ 24,30] .

, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29 ,


24 30 . 12 .
1

A ( ) = 2 225 81 2 , 0


A ( 0 ) = 24 A = 30 .
2

= 0 , =

2
25, 26, 27, 28, 29, , = x = y ,
x + y = m, m {25, 26, 27, 28, 29} xy = 144 = 122 .

, .


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71

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr




, 15 2011

1. .
2. ,
, , ,
, ,
,

.
3.
.
4. (3)
(9-12 ). '
.
5. '
, ,
. ...

.
6. .
7. ,
,
'
..., 34, 106 79 ,
, , ,
.
8.
() ...
9. 26
2011 .
...

,
28 (,
2011), 15 (,
2011) 52 (, 2011).
10. , .. ...

.
11.
..
.
.. ...


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

, 15 2011

,

() . .
.
.

:


.

(2 ),
(1984-2008),
1997-2007 2 .
,
2011.
.

.
.. ,
.


..
...

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
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www.hms.gr


( ) 34
106 79
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e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

71




, 15 2011

B
1
()
2
1
1 3 1
1 1 10 2 3
= 2 23 + 1 + : = : 3 7 .
8
4 2 6
3 27 3 9 2
2

() :

:
=

1
= ,
6 6

8 12 2 2 3
+
+
.
4
3
12

2
2
20 60 .
10000 , 12000 .
30% 60% .
,
5% , 10% .
5
3
= 360 . =
.
. , ,
.
5
4
= = 100 + 10 + ,
:
(i)
= 27 , = = 100 + 10 + .
(ii)
,
: 3 x + 12 < 5 x 1 .
(iii) 3.
5

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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106 79
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71





, 15 2011


1
() :

2 x + 18 7 3x

= 1.
4
8
() :

1 1 1
2
= 2 +
9 20 ,
9 3

1
= .
3
3
2
, 0
10, 12 ( 12 ) ( 40 2 ) 0.

= 3 2 .
5
3
. C , 4 cm.
(i)
.
1
(ii)
.
2
(iii)
C .
2
4
= = 100 + 10 + ,
:
(i) = 198 , = = 100 + 10 + .
x + 2 2

= 1 4.
(ii)
x
2
(iii) 9.
5

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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106 79
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71





, 15 2011


1
(i) , + 10
.
3
2
(ii) x = 5 +
.
2
2
2

( x 2)

= x 2 + 4 ,

.
5
3
( ) ( ) .

.
M .
: = = = .
5
4
, ,
+ + = 2010 + + = 22 3 52 67 2 .
5

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
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( ) 34
106 79
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www.hms.gr

70





, 15 2011

( x 1)

= 2x + ,

.
5
2
:
x +y +z = 8

x 2 + y 2 + z 2 = 26
xy + xz = ( yz + 1) .
2

5
3

, ,
:

(
1

+ 3 )

2 + 2

(
+

+ 3 )

2 + 2

(
+

+ 3 )

2 + 2

1 1 1
1
, + + =

< 2.

;
5
3
( < A ) (c)
O R .
(c1 ) , O r = OM ( M B ). (c1 ) T ,

(c) N1 ( BN < BM ). (c1 )


, K (c ) K1 (
K < M ). BN1 , 1 AM ().
5

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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106 79
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71





, 15 2011


1
, , 12, :

+ 42 )

(
+

+ 4 2 )
4

(
+

+ 4 2 )
4

> 12

5
2
:
x 2 + 2 xy = 5
y 2 3 xy = 2.

5
3
(c) O R . OB ( (c1 ) ), A K

. (c2 ) (c3 ) O . (c1 ) , (c2 ) (c3 )


.
5
4
an , n `* ,
k
an +1 = an n , n `* , a1 = 1 ,
2
k .
(i) an n k .
2
1
(ii) k , n : an = 1000 .
2
3

1

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106 79
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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
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e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


71

, 15 2011

B
1
()
2
1
1 3 1
1 1 10 2 3
= 2 23 + 1 + : = : 3 7 .
8
4 2 6
3 27 3 9 2
() :
2 4 1
+ + = ,
6 6
:
8 12 2 2 3
=
+
+
.
4
3
12

()
1
1 3 1 1
1 2 1 1
1 1 1
9
= 2 23 + 1 + : = 8 + 1 + =
9 + = 9 =
,
8
4 2 6 64
4 3 6 64
6 6 64
64
2
1 10 6 9
8 4 9
8 27 9
9
1 1 10 2 3 9
= : 3 7 = :
=
:
=
= .
3 27 3 9 2 27 27 27 27 128 27 27 128 27 4 128 64
= .
.
2
1 10 6 9
8 4 9
8 1 768
1 1 10 2 3 9
:
: =
.
= : 3 7 = :
=
=
3 27 3 9 2 27 27 27 27 128 27 27 128 27 96 27
< 1< , < .
2 4 1
() + + = , :
6 6
8 12 2 2 3 8
12 2 2 3
=
+
+
=

4
3
12
4 4 3 3 12 12

1 4 2 1 2 4 1 2 1 1 7
+ + = + + + + = = 1.
4 3 6 4 6 4 3 4 6 6
2

2
2
20 60 .
10000 , 12000 .
30% 60% .
,
5% , 10% .

30
= 6 , 60%
100
60
60
( 20 + 60 )
= 80
= 48 .
100
100
48 6 = 42 .
5
= 500 ,
10000
100
10
12000
= 1200 .
100

6 500 + 42 1200 = 3000 + 50400 = 53400 .

30% 20

3
= 360 . =
.
. , ,
.

1
180o
= 36o , :
= = 72o .

=
= = 72 = 36o .
,

1
2
2
2

3
=
= 36o , .
A
1
2
= 36o = 72o . = 72 o .
1

= 2 = 72 , o

.


2
.
1 = 2 = 72 o ( ),
= 72 o . .
=
1

=
= = 36o ,
= .
.
1
2
2
2
.
4
= = 100 + 10 + ,
:
(i)
= 27 , = = 100 + 10 + .
(ii)
,
: 3 x + 12 < 5 x 1 .
(iii) 3.

(i) :
= 27 9 9 = 27 9 ( ) = 27 = 3 .

(1)

(ii) :
3x + 12 < 5 x 1 3 x 5 x < 12 1 2 x < 13 2 x > 13 x >

13
.
2

, 7, :
+ = 7.
(2)
(1) (2)
2 = 10, 2 = 4 = 5, = 2 .
, : ,
= 3 > 7,

= 7, = 0 = 6, = 1 = 5, = 2 = 4, = 3 .
= 3 = 5, = 2 .
= 52 + 7 . ,
(iii) 3, + 7 3, , , : = 2
= 5 = 8.
, = 252 = 552 = 852


1
() :

2 x + 18 7 3x

= 1.
4
8
() :
3

1 1 1
2
= 2 +
9 20 ,
9 3

1
= .
3

()
2 x + 18 7 3 x

= 1 2 ( 2 x + 18 ) ( 7 3 x ) = 8 4 x + 36 7 + 3 x = 8
4
8
7 x + 29 = 8 7 x = 8 29 7 x = 21 x = 3.
1
() = :
3
3

1 1 1 3
1
1
1
1
1

9 20 = + 9 20
=
+
2
1 9 1
1 9 1
9
3


3 3
9

3

1
82
3

81 1
= 9 + ( 1) 1 20 = + ( 1) 1 20 = 1 20
9
9

9 9
82 9 180
271
=
=
.
9 9 9
9

2
, 0
10, 12 ( 12 ) ( 40 2 ) 0.

= 3 2 .

10 , 12 < 0 . , ( 12 ) ( 40 2 ) 0 ,

: 40 2 0 40 2 20. :
0 10 12 20 0 3 30 24 2 40
0 3 30 40 2 24,
:
40 = 3 2 6 ,
6, -40.
3
. C ,
4 cm.

5
(i)
(ii)
(iii)

.
.

(c) .

(i) : = = , = =
=
= 90o + 60o = 150o .

2
= ,
.
(ii) = , ( ). = , . OE . = 30o .

1

= =

= 75o .

1
= = 4
= 75o = 30o .
= 75o ,
:
1
1
1
= = = 4cm .
(iii) ( c ) : c = 42 = 16 .

: = 42 = 16 ,
: = 4 3 . : = 16 16 4 3 .
4
= = 100 + 10 + ,
:
(i) = 198 , = = 100 + 10 + ,

6
x + 2 2

= 1 4.
x
2
(iii) 9.
(ii)

(i) :
= 198 99 ( ) = 198 = 2 .

(1)

(ii) , 2 x 0 , :
1
x + 2 2
x + 2 x + 2
1

1 = 0

= 0 ( x + 2 )
=0
x
x
2
2
2 x
1
1
x + 2 = 0
= 0 x = 2 x = 2
2 x
, (ii) 4,
(2)
( 2 ) + ( 2 ) = 4 + = 4 ,
2 2 .
(1) (2)
2 = 6, 2 = 2 = 3, = 1
.
= 3 1 4 + . ,
(iii) 9, 4 + = .(9) , ,
, = 5 .
, 351.


1
(i) , + 10
.

2
.
2

(ii) x = 5 +

(i) = 0 , + 10 = ,
.
, 0 , = + 10 .

= + 10 = 10

= 10 , .

+ 10 , = 0 .

(ii) x = 5 +

2
.
2
2

2
2
11
x = 5 +
= 5 + + 10 = + 10 ,
2
4
2

, , (i).
2

( x 2)

= x 2 + 4 ,


2
x 4 x + 4 = x 2 + 4 x 2 4 x + 4 = x 2 + 4 x = 1 .

x 0 , x , :

< 1 , 1 > 0 . :
x = 1 x = 1 .
= 1, x = 0 .
> 1 , .

3

.
.
.
: = = = .

= x = .
P : 1 =
1
2

= x = .
, : =

1
2
2

= x = , :
1 =
2
2
= .
(1)

3
, :
= .
= .
(1), (2) = 1 =
3
:
+
+ = 180o 2 x + 2 = 180o x + = 90o ,
1 +
2
3
1

(2)

( ) P :
AM .
, .
,
=
= ).
(
1
2
2
= = = , .
4
, ,
+ + = 2010 + + = 22 3 52 67 2 .

( + + )

= 20102 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 ( + + ) = 20102
2 + 2 + 2 = 20102 2 ( + + )
2 + 2 + 2 = 20102 2 ( 22 3 52 67 2 )

2
20102
2 + 2 + 2 = 20102 20102 =
.
3
3

9
20102 1
+ + ( + + ) =
20102 = 0
3
3
2
2
2
+ + = 0
1
( 2 2 + 2 2 + 2 2 2 2 2 ) = 0
2
2

( ) + ( ) + ( ) = 0
2

= = 0 = = ,
, 0 0 0,

( ) + ( ) + ( )
2

> 0.

, + + = 2010 = = = 670 .

10

( x 1)

= 2x + ,


x2 2 x + 1 = 2 x + x2 2 ( x + x ) + 1 = 0 .

x , :
(i) x 0 . (1)
x2 4 x + 1 = 0 ,
= 16 4 (1 ) = 4 ( 3 + ) .

(1)

(2)

(2) , , , 3 .
= 1 S = 4 > 0.
, (2) :
= 3 , , x = 2 .
3 < 1 , , x = 2 3 + . ,
= 1 , x = 4 x = 0 .
> 1 , , x = 2 + 3 +
(ii) x < 0 . (1)
x2 + 1 = 0 ,
(3)
, x = 1 , > 1 .
, , , :
< 3 , .
= 3 , , x = 2 .
3 < 1 , , x = 2 3 + .
> 1 , , x = 2 + 3 + , x = 1 .
2
:
x +y +z = 8

x 2 + y 2 + z 2 = 26
xy + xz = ( yz + 1) .
2

x +y +z = 8

x +y +z = 8
x +y +z = 8
2

2
2
x + y + z = 26 ( x + y + z ) 2 ( xy + yz + zx ) = 26 xy + yz + zx = 19

2
2
2
xy + xz = ( yz + 1)
xy + xz = ( yz + 1)

xy + xz = ( yz + 1)

11
x +y +z = 8
x + ( y + z) = 8
x + ( y + z ) = 8

xy + yz + zx = 19 x ( y + z ) + yz = 19 x ( y + z ) + yz = 19

yz = 6 yz = 3
2
2

19 yz = ( yz + 1)
( yz ) + 3 ( yz ) 18 = 0
x + ( y + z ) = 8 x + ( y + z ) = 8
x + ( y + z ) = 8 x + ( y + z ) = 8

x ( y + z ) + yz = 19 x ( y + z ) + yz = 19 x ( y + z ) = 16 x ( y + z ) = 25

yz = 3

yz = 3
yz = 6
yz = 6


x + ( y + z ) = 8 x + ( y + z ) = 8
x + ( y + z) =8 x + ( y + z) =8

x ( 8 x ) = 16 x ( 8 x ) = 25 x 2 8 x + 16 = 0 x 2 8 x + 25 = 0
yz = 3


yz = 6
yz = 3
yz = 6

x + ( y + z) =8
x + ( y + z ) = 8

x =4

x=4
x 8 x + 25 = 0 ( ) y + z = 4
yz = 3

yz = 3
yz = 6

x =4
x =4

z = 4 y z = 4 y ( x, y, z ) = ( 4,1,3) ( x, y, z ) = ( 4,3,1) .
y ( 4 y ) = 3
y 2 4 y + 3 = 0

3
1 1 1
1
, ,
, :
+ + =

(
1

+ 3 )

2 + 2

(
+

+ 3 )

2 + 2

(
+

+ 3 )

2 + 2

< 2.


( 3 + 3 ) = ( + ) ( 2 + 2 ) < ( + ) ( 2 + 2 ) = + ,
(
)
2 + 2
2 + 2
2 + 2
2
2 + 2
2

( 3 + 3 ) = ( + ) ( 2 + 2 ) ( )
2
1
= ( + ) .
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
+
+
+
(2) , , , = .

3 + 3 )
(
1
( + ) 2 2 < ( + ) .
2
+

3 + 3 )
(
1
( + ) 2 2 < ( + ) ,
+
2

3 + 3 )
(
1
( + ) 2 2 < ( + ) .
+
2
(4) (5) , , = = , .
(3), (4) (5) :.

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

12

(
+ +

+ 3 )

(
+

+ 3 )

(
+

+ 3 )

< 2 ( + + )
(6)
2 + 2
2 + 2
2 + 2
:
1 1 1
1
(7)
+ + =
+ + = 1 ,

(6) (7) .
, , = = , + + = 1 , 3
.
3
.
1 1 1
1
, , ,
.
+ + =

, , ,
+ + = 1 ,

= = =

+ 3 )

(
+

+ 3 )

(
+

+ 3 )

2,
2 + 2
2 + 2
2 + 2
, , , , ,
.

4
( < A ) (c)
O R .
(c1 ) , O r = OM ( M B ). (c1 ) T ,
(c) N1 ( BN < BM ). (c1 )
, K (c) K1 (
K < M ). BN1 , 1 AM ().

AN1 , A1 ( c ) , ( c1 ) , . O, O ( c1 ) ,
AN1 , A1 ( c ) . O,
O ( c1 ) , AN1 , A1
( c ) . O, O ,
( c1 ) .
AN1 = A1 = (*) , , AN1 , A1
, . ,
:
= = = 1 = = 1
(1)
N ( c1 ) NM, NT ,

NM = NT
(2)
(1) (2) :

13
(1) : = 1 (:) 1
=
P 1

(2) : = N
(1) (2) :
(1) : = (:)
=
/ /

(2) : =

(3)

(4)

4
(3) (4) N1 P . K1 P .
N1 K1 , . N1 , K1 .
(*) .
( , .46, )

14


1
, , 12, :

+ 42 )

(
+

+ 4 2 )
4

(
+

+ 4 2 )
4

> 12


2 + 42 4, 2 + 4 2 4 , 2 + 4 2 4 ,
:
2 + 42 )
(
2 + 42 4

= 1 ( = 2)

4
4
4
2 + 4 2 )
(
2 + 4 2 4

= 1 ( = 2 )

4
4
4

2 + 4 2 )
(
2 + 4 2 4

= 1 ( = 2 )

4
4
4
(2), (3) (4) :

+ 42 )
4

(
+

+ 4 2 )
4

(
+

+ 4 2 )
4

+ + = 12 .

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

(5)

(5) , , ,
(2), (3) (4) :
= 2, = 2 , = 2 ,
= = = 0 , , , , . :
( 2 + 42 ) + (2 + 4 2 ) + ( 2 + 4 2 ) > 12 .
4
4
4
2
:
2
x + 2 xy = 5
()
2
.
y 3xy = 2

( x, y ) ( ), x = 0 y = 0 , 0 = 5 0 = -2, .
xy 0 , , :

15
5
1 + 2m
5m 2 11m + 2 = 0
=
2

x + 2 xy
5
5
m 3m

2
=
=

y
2
2
y
y 3 xy
2
2
=m
y
y

=m
x

x
x

1+ 2

y
x

1
1

m=
m = 2 m = 5

m = 2
5

.
y
y = 2x
x

=m
y=

x
5

7 x2

5 7
x 2 + 2 xy = 5
= 5
x
=

x + 2 xy = 5
x = 1
5 x = 5 5

7
()

x
x
y = 2x
y = 2x y =
y = 2x y = x

y=
5

5
5

5 7 7
5 7
7
,
,
( x, y ) = (1, 2 ) ( x, y ) = ( 1, 2 ) ( x, y ) =
( x, y ) =
.
7
7
7
7
2

3
(c) O R . OB ( (c1 ) ), A K
. (c2 ) (c3 ) O . (c1 ) , (c2 ) (c3 )
.

R1 , R2 , R3 ( c1 ),( c2 ) ( c3 ) .
R1 = R2 = R3 .
=B
.
AKOB :
1
1

AOB : = .
2

= .
OB , :
2
2

O , : 1 = 1 .
=
= ,
,
, = = .

:
1. = ( ( c ) )
2. ()
3. = ( ).
, ( c1 ) ( c3 ) .
( c1 ) ( c 2 ) ( 1 )
( c1 )
( c2 ) .

16
E = () =


4R
.
E1 = () E2 = ()
. :

E1 = () =

4 R1
1 4 R2

1 = 2
,
(1)
=

2 4 R1
2 R1
E2 = () =

4 R2
( = ,
).

5

.

:
E1

=
1 =
.
(2)
2
E2
(1) (2) R1 = R2 .
( c1 ) ( c 2 ) (2 )
, :
a

=
=
= 2R .

:

= 2 R1
= 2 R2 .

( )
( )
= , : R = R .

1

4
an , n * ,

17

an +1 = an

k
, n * , a1 = 1 ,
n
2

k .
(i)
an n k .
1
(ii) k , n : an = 1000 .
2

(i)
k
k
k
a2 = a1 , a3 = a2 2 , ... , an = an 1 n 1 , n = 1, 2,3,...
2
2
2
:
n

1
1

1
2
1 1

an = a1 k + 2 + + n 1 = 1 k 1 +
1

2
2 2
1

1 n
k
an = 1 + k 2k 1 = (1 k ) + n 1 , n = 1, 2,3,...
2
2

(ii) :

k
1
= 1000 (1 k ) 2n 1+1000 + k 21000 = 2n 1 ,
n 1
2
2
2
*
k n , n > 1 .
an =

1000

(1 k ) +

2n 1+1000 2n 1 = k ( 2n 1+1000 21000 ) .

2n 1+1000 2n 1
> 0, k .
(1)
2n 1+1000 21000
n 1 > 1000 n > 1001, (1) ,
k ( 0,1) , .
k=

n 1 < 1000 n < 1001, :

2n 1+1000 2n 1
21000 2n 1
1 2n 1001

1
=
=
,
2n 1+1000 21000
2n 1+1000 21000
2n 1 1
0 < k 1 < 1 , .
n 1 = 1000 n = 1001 , (1) k = 1 .

k 1 =


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GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


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GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr




, 21 2012

1. .
2. ,
, , , ,
,
,
.
3.
.
4. (3)
(9-12 ). '
.
5. ' ,
,
. ...
.
6. .
7. ,
, '
..., 34, 106 79 ,
, , ,
.
8.
() ...
9. 3 2012 .
...
,
29 (, 2012), 16
( 2012) 53
(, 2012).
10. , .. ...

.
11.
..
.


( ) 34
106 79
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www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


72

, 21 2012

B
1
()
23
3 3 1
1 1 8 2 3
= 23 + 20 + : = : 4 2 + 4 .
31
8 2 4
4 12 3 9 2
2
() :

6 ( + + ) = 11 0 ,

:
=

8 12 16
+
+
.
2
3
4
3

2

,
24 500 . 10% .
.
5
3
,
( = ) ,
.
, ,

, .

5
4
1
2012. 5
, ,
8. .
5


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


72


, 21 2012


1
() :
3

9 20 2
= 2 + 237 2 +
,
2

4
2
= = 23 .
x
() x, y = > 0 ,
y
2 xy
x, y 1 .
= 2
x + y2
3
.
2
, (
R ), ,
. ( )
. ,
, , , . R ,
.
5
3
101
2012. 3
, , 8. .
5
4

P ( x ) = ( x 1)( x + 1)( x 2 )( x + 2 ) Q ( x ) = ( x 2 + x )( x 2 + ) + 4 ,

, , , \ . + + + = 3 ,
, , , \ P ( x ) Q ( x ) .
5


( ) 34
106 79
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www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


72


, 21 2012


1
:
2
x2 x 1 x + x
x + 1 x ( x + 1) ( x + 2 )
+

+
>
.

4
3
4
2
4
4
2

5
2

2
2

x + x 2 (1 + ax ) ( a + x )
ab
,

=
2
2
2
1 x
1 a
( a b)

a, b ab ( a b ) (1 a 2 ) 0 .
5
3
< 45D .
= 90D
, ,
. , :
.
=
()
.
()
5
4
x, y, a
yx 2 + ( y 2 a 2 ) x + y ( y a ) = 0 ,
2

xy .
5


( ) 34
106 79
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www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


72


, 21 2012


1
a 0
1
1
2a + 6

= 3
,
2
2a + ax 2 x x
x 4x
4.
5
2
y x \ , ( x, y )

1 + y x 2 3 x + 1 > 0

.
y

2
+
x

2
<
0

( )

Oxy , ( x, y ) ,
( x, y ) ().
5
3
< , c(O, R) .
c(O, R) . c ( , )

1

. = .
4

x
a, b a 2 < 4b .

x 2 + ax + b ,


( ) 34
106 79
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www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


72


, 21 2012


1
, = 1, 2,3,... 1 = 0 ,
0 1 + +
+1 + + 3 2 , .
5
2
:
8z 4
8x4
8 y4
2
2
=
=
.
x2 =
y
z
,
,
16 + z 4
16 + x 4
16 + y 4
5
3
c(O, R) . , ,
1 , 1 , 1 . 2 , 2 , 2

, E, Z , 1 2 , 12 , 1 2
.
5
4

x
a, b a 2 < 16b .

4 x 2 ax + b ,

1

( ) 34
106 79
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www.hms.gr

72

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr




, 21 2012
N

B
1
()
23
3 3 1
1 1 8 2 3
= 23 + 20 + : = : 4 2 + 4 .
31
8 2 4
4 12 3 9 2
() :

6 ( + + ) = 11 0 ,

:
8 12 16
=
+
+
.
2
3
4

()
23 3
3 3 1 8
3 2 1 8
1 1 8
72
= 2 + 20 + : = 8 + 1 + =
9 + = 9 =
,
31
8 2 4 31
8 3 4 31
4 4 31
31
1 1 8 2 3 3 1 8 2 3 1 81 3 9 3 39
= : 4 2 + 4 = : + = + = + = .
4 12 3 9 2 12 12 81 81 16 6 6 16 4 16 16
72 39 72 16 39 31 1152 1209
=

=
=
< 0, < .
31 16
3116
496
()
8 12 16
8
12 16
=
+
+
=

2
3
4
2 2 3 3 4 4

1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 13
= 4 + + + + = 4 + + .
2 3 4
12
6 ( + + ) = 11 0
6 0 :
6( + + ) 11
1 1 1 11
=
+ + = ,
6
6
6

1 1 1 13
11 13 44 13 75 25
= 4 + + = 4 =
=
= .
6 12 6 12 12 4
12

2
2

,
24 500 . 10% .
.
.
x , , :
x
10 x
x
x
+ 24 500 = x +
+ 12000 = x + 5 x + 120000 = 10 x + x
2
100
2
10
120000
6 x = 120000 x =
= 20000.
6
x = 20000 10 x 11x 11 20000
=
=
= 22000 .
x +
100 10
10
3
, ( = ),
.
,

, .
,

= x .
= :

+
+ = 180o x + 2 = 180o
= = 90o x .

(1)

1
= 600 . ,
, :
1
,
+ = 180o ,
+
1

3
x
x

1 = 180o 60o 90o 1 = 30o + .


2
2

, 1 = 1 = :
x
2 + x + 600 = 180 = 60o .
2
, :
= 90o = 30 o + x .
1 =
1
2

(2)

(3)

(4)

4
1
2012. 5
, ,
8. .

= {1, 2,3,..., 2012} 2012 . 5

5 ,
1
2012
1
2
1 5 2012
402 {1, 2,..., 402} ,
5
5
5
5
5 402.
8 8 ,

1
2012
1
4
1 8 2012
251 {1, 2,..., 251} ,
8
8
8
8
8 251.
8 5 . {5,8} = 40 .
,
1
2012
1
12
1 40 2012

50 {1, 2,...,50} ,
40
40
40
40
5 8 50.
, 402 + 251 50 = 603 ,
2012 603 = 1409 .


1
() :
3

9 20 2
= 2 + 237 2 +
,
2

4
= = 23 .
x
() x, y = > 0 ,
y

4
2 xy
x, y 1 .
x + y2
.

() = = 23

23
23
=
=
= 23+ 6 = 23 = 8 .
2
2
6

(2 ) 2

:
3

1
= 2 + 237 2 + 9 2 20 = ( 8 + 237 ) 8 + 9 8 20

4
= 245 23 + 72 20 = 245 8 + 52 = 2012.
() x = y ,

2ayy
2 y 2
2
=
= 2
,
2 2
2
2
2
y +y
( + 1) y + 1

x, y . ,
2
2
= 2
1 2 + 1 2 2 2 + 1 0 ( 1) 0 ,
+1
. 1
1 = 0, = 1 .
2
, (
R ), ,
. ( )
. ,
, , , . R ,
.

2
= & , ,
, = = 2 R . -

5
= = 2R ,
2 R ( ) = 4 R 2 .
= = R . , , : = = = = R 2 ,
R 2 : = ( R 2) 2 = 2 R 2 .

,
( ).
:
4 2
2 2 = ( ) R 2 2 2 = 4 R 2 R 2 2 =
R .
2
R2
3 : 3 =
1 .
2
:
21 + 2 2 + 23 = 21 + (4 ) R 2 + R 2 21 = 4 R 2 .

:
2
( ) 2 R 2 4 R 2 ( 2 )R
1 =
=
=
..
4
4
2
.
3
101
2012. 3
8.
.

= {101,102,103,..., 2012} 2012 - 100 =1912 .

3 3 ,
101
2012
2
2

33 670 {34,35,..., 670} ,
101 3 2012
3
3
3
3
3 670 33 = 637 .
8 8 ,

101
2012
5
4
101 8 2012

12 251 {13,14,..., 251} ,
8
8
8
8
8 251 12 = 239 .
8 3 . {3,8} = 24 .
,
101
2012
5
20

4 83 {5, 6,...,83} ,
101 24 2012
24
24
24
24
3 8 83 4 = 79 .
, 637 + 239 79 = 797 ,
1912 797 = 1115 .

6
4

P ( x ) = ( x 1)( x + 1)( x 2 )( x + 2 ) Q ( x ) = ( x 2 + x )( x 2 + ) + 4 ,

, , , \ . + + + = 3 ,
, , , \ P ( x ) Q ( x ) .

P ( x ) = ( x 1)( x + 1)( x 2 )( x + 2 ) = ( x 2 1)( x 2 4 ) = x 4 5 x 2 + 4

Q ( x ) = ( x 2 + x )( x 2 + ) + 4 = x 4 + x3 + x 2 + x + 4 .

P ( x ) Q ( x ) , , ,
= 1, = 0, = 5, = 0
{ = 0 = 0} , { = 0 = 0} , = 1, = 5.
= 0 = 0 ,
1
5
= 0, = , = , 0. + + + = 3 , -

,
1 5
4
+ = 3 = 3 2 + 3 4 = 0 2 1 + 3 3 = 0

( 1)( + 1) + 3 ( 1) = 0 ( 1)( + 4 ) = 0 1 = 0 + 4 = 0 = 1 = 4
, , , \
1
5
= 1, = 0, = 1, = 5 = 4, = 0, = , = .
4
4


1
:
2
x2 x 1 x + x
x + 1 x ( x + 1) ( x + 2 )
+

+
>
.
4
3
4
2
4
4
2

2
x2 x 1 x + x
+

3x 2 + 4 ( x 1) 3 x + 3 x 2 x 4 4 x 4.
4
3
4
2
x + 1 x ( x + 1) ( x + 2 )
2
+
>
2 x + 2 + x ( x + 1) > ( x + 2 )
2
4
4
2
2 x + 2 + x + x > x 2 + 4 x + 4 x > 2 x < 2.
, [ 4, 2 ) = { x \ : 4 x < 2} .

7
2
2

x + x 2 (1 + ax ) ( a + x )
ab

=
,
2
2
2
1 x
1 a
( a b)

a, b ab ( a b ) (1 a 2 ) 0 .

:
1 x 2 0,1 a 2 0 () a b () x 1 .
x 1 , :
2 2
2
2
2
2
x (1 + a x a x )
ab
x (1 a )(1 x )
ab

=
2
2
2
2
1 x
1 x
(1 a )
(1 a )
( a b)
( a b)

x (1 + x ) =

ab

( a b)

( a b ) x 2 + ( a b ) x ab = 0
2

a b
2
4
2
2
2
2
2
= ( a b ) + 4ab ( a b ) = ( a b ) ( a b ) + 4ab = ( a b ) ( a + b ) = ( a 2 b 2 ) 0.

(, a = b ):
2
( a b ) + ( a 2 b 2 ) 2ab 2b 2 2b ( a b )
b

x1 =
=
=
=
2
2
2
a b
2 (a b)
2 (a b)
2(a b)
( a b ) ( a 2 b2 )
2

x2 =

2 ( a b)

2ab 2a 2
2(a b)

2 a ( a b )
2 (a b)

a
.
a b

:
b
b
= 1 b = b a a = 0
= 1 b = b + a a = 2b ,
ba
ba
a
a
= 1 a = a b 2a = b
= 1 a = b a b = 0.
a b
a b
, a, b a 0, b 0,
a b a 1 , :
1
( a 2b )( 2a b ) 0 , ( , a = b ):
2
b
a
x1 =
x2 =
.
a b
a b
a = 2b , x2 = 2 .
b
a = , x2 = 2 .
2
3
< 45D .
= 90D

, , . ,
:
.
=
()
.
()

() =
=
=.

& , . =
=
= .

= =
=
= .

, ,
+
+
= 180D 2 + 2 + 2 = 180D

+ + = 90D .
(1)

.
+ = = 90D
(2)
(1) (2) :
.
= =

3
()

. ,
, =
= ,
2
.
,

.
,
4
x, y, a
yx 2 + ( y 2 a 2 ) x + y ( y a ) = 0 ,
2

xy .

2
x, y, a : yx 2 + ( y 2 a 2 ) x + y ( y a ) = 0 .

9
, a , :
( y x ) a 2 2 y 2 a + y ( x 2 + xy + y 2 ) = 0 .
, a ,
. , , ] ,
2
= 4 y 4 4 y ( y x ) ( x 2 + xy + y 2 ) = 4 y y 3 ( y 3 x3 ) = 4 yx3 = xy ( 2 x ) = 2 .
2


: xy = ,
.
2x
2x


1
a 0
1
1
2a + 6

= 3
,
2
2a + ax 2 x x
x 4x
4.

:
1
1
2(a + 3)
.
+
=
a ( x + 2 ) x ( x 2 ) x ( x 2 )( x + 2 )

(1)

x 0, 2 , \ {2, 0, 2} .
(1) \ {2, 0, 2}
x 2 + ( a 2 ) x ( 2a 2 + 4a ) = 0 ,

= ( 3a + 2 ) x1 = a + 2 x2 = 2a .
2

a + 2 {2, 0, 2} a {4, 2, 0} 2a {2, 0, 2} a {1, 0, 1}

a 0 , (1) ,
x1 = a 2 x2 = 2a , a 1, + 1, 2, 4 .

2
a + 2 ( 2a ) = 4 3a + 2 = 4 3a + 2 = 4 3a + 2 = 4 a = a = 2,
3
2
a a = .
3
2
y x \ , ( x, y )

1 + y x 2 3 x + 1 > 0
( )

.
y 2 + x 2 < 0
Oxy , ( x, y ) ,

( x, y ) ().

10

1 + y x 2 3 x + 1 > 0
1 + y > x 2 3 x + 1 0

,
y 2 + x 2 < 0
y 2 < x 2 0
:
1 + y > 0 y 2 < 0 1 < y < 2 .
y y = 0 y = 1.
y = 0, :

x 2 3 x + 1 < 1
1 < x 2 3 x + 1 < 1
x 2 3x + 2 > 0 x 2 3 x < 0

2< x2< 2
2< x2< 2

x 2 < 2

( x < 1 x > 2 ) 0 < x < 3

0 < x < 1 2 < x < 3.


0< x<4

y = 1, :
x 2 3 x + 1 < 2
2 < x 2 3 x + 1 < 2
x 2 3 x + 3 > 0 x 2 3 x 1 < 0

1< x < 3
1 < x 2 < 1

x 2 < 1
3 13
3 + 13
<x<

2
2 1 < x < 3.

1< x < 3

4
3
< , c(O, R) .
c(O, R) . c ( , )

1

. = .
(1 )

11
( c ) ( c1 ) .
, .
).
(
.
, , :
= .
(1)
, = ( c1 ) .

= = .
= = ( ( c )

1
1
1
1
2
2
q ).

1 = 1 =

2
=
( ),

=
:

= .
(2)
(1) (2) .
2
( = ( c1 ) ). , :

=
= = .

(3)
1
2
1
2
, :
= 180o

+ =
= 180o

1
1
1

.
+ = 180o
= 180o

(4)
1
1
, :
= ( ( c ) )

12
= ( ( c ) ).

2


= 180o
= =
.

(5)
1
2

6
p )

: 1 = 2 , = (

= ( , ( c1 ) ),
(*) , = .
(*) , .

, , .
( c1 ) . ,
= . = = +
, .
4

x
a, b a 2 < 4b .

x 2 + ax + b ,

a 2 4b < 0 , x 2 + ax + b > 0 , x \ . -

x , x 2 + ax + b = y ,
y x = r .
x 2 + ax + b x = r x 2 + ax + b = x + r x 2 + ax + b = x 2 + 2rx + r 2 x =
a
a
x + r 0 , r > .
2
2
2
r b
a
, r r > ,
, x =
a 2r
2

r2 b
,
a 2r

13
2
r2 b
r2 b
r 4 2ar 3 + a 2 r 2 + 2br 2 2abr + b 2 ( r ar + b )
2
x + ax + b =
+b =
=
,
+a
2
2
a 2r
( a 2r )
( a 2r )
a 2r
2

, a 2 4b < 0 ,
r 2 ar + b r 2 ar + b
a
y = x 2 + ax + b =
=
, r> ,
a 2r
2r a
2
y .


1
, = 1, 2,3,... 1 = 0 ,
0 1 + +
+1 + + 3 2 , .

+
= 1
= c ( ) .
(1)
3 +1 + 3

2 + ( 1)
= 1 + + =

2
2 + ( 3 1) 3 2 + ( 1) 4 + ( 8 2 )
3 =

=
,
2
2
2
(1)
2 + ( 1)
= c ( 8c ) + 4 c 2 2c + = 0
4 + ( 8 2 )
( 8c 1) + ( 2c 1)( 2 ) = 0, = 1, 2,3,...
( 8c 1) = 0 ( 2c 1)( 2 ) = 0
1
8c 1 = 0 2c 1 2 = 0 c = , = 2 ,
8
0 . : ,3 ,5 ,...., ( 2 1) ,... .

(8c 1) + ( 2c 1)( 2 ) = 0 ,

= 1, 2,3,... = 1 = 2 , ( 8c 1) = 0 ( 2c 1)( 2 ) = 0 ,
:
1

( 8c 1) = 0
c=
8 , 0.

( 2c 1)( 2a ) = 0
= 2
: ,3 ,5 ,...., ( 2 1) ,... .

14
2
:
8z 4
8x4
8 y4
2
2
.
,
,
x2 =
y
=
z
=
16 + z 4
16 + x 4
16 + y 4


8z 4
8z 2
8z 2
2
2
x2 =
z
z
=

1,
,

:
2
2
16 + z 4
42 + ( z 2 )
42 + ( z 2 )

: z 2 y 2 y 2 x 2 . , : x 2 = y 2 = z 2 .
:
2
8x4
x2 =
x 2 ( x 4 8 x 2 + 16 ) = 0 x 2 ( x 2 4 ) = 0
4
16 + x
x = 0 x = 2 x = 2 ( 2).
x = 0 , ( 0, 0, 0 ) .

x = 2 , : ( 2, 2, 2 ) , ( 2, 2, 2 ) , ( 2, 2, 2 ) ( 2, 2, 2 ) .

x = 2 , : ( 2, 2, 2 ) , ( 2, 2, 2 ) , ( 2, 2, 2 ) ( 2, 2, 2 ) .

3
c(O, R) . , ,
1 , 1 , 1 . 2 , 2 , 2

, E, Z , 1 2 ,12 ,1 2
.

(1 )
1
. , 1 ,
. =
= 180D

1

, 1 1 .
1 1 2 .
1 1 1 .(*)

.
2

15

1 2 1 ,
2
1 1 . 1 ( =

1 ) G . G = 2G , G
HO 2 :1 .
12 , 1 2 G .
2 ( )

8
: ,
, , , 1 , 1
1 .
111 ()
2 , ( 1 = 2 ).
2 , 2 2 .

16
, 2 2 2
2 , ( = 2 2 )., 22 2 111 .
1 2 , 12 , 1 2 ( )
( ) O .
4

x
a, b a 2 < 16b .

4x 2 ax + b ,

a 2 16b < 0 , 4 x 2 ax + b > 0 , x \ . -

x , 4 x 2 ax + b = y , y 2 x = r
.
b r2
4 x 2 ax + b 2 x = r 4 x 2 ax + b = 2 x + r 4 x 2 ax + b = 4 x 2 + 4rx + r 2 x =
,
a + 4r
a
a
r 2 x + r 0 , r > .
4
4
2
br
a
, r r > ,
, x =
4
a + 4r
2
2
b r 2 a (b r )
+b
4 x 2 ax + b = 4

a + 4r
a + 4r
=

4r 4 + a 2 r 2 + 4b 2 + 8br 2 + 4abr + 4ar 3

( a + 4r )

( 2r
=

+ ar + 2b )

( a + 4r )

, a 2 16b < 0 ,
2r 2 + ar + 2b 2r 2 + ar + 2b
a
=
, r> ,
y = 4 x 2 ax + b =
4r + a
4
a + 4r
y .


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

73

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr




, 12 2013

1. .
2. ,
, , , ,
,
,
.
3.
.
4. (3)
(9-12 ). '
.
5. ' ,
,
. ...
.
6. .
7. ,
,
' ..., 34, 106 79
, , , ,
.
8.
() ...
9. 23 2013
. ...
,
30 (, 2013),
17 (, , 2013)
54 (, 2013).
10. , .. ...

.
11.
..
.


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

73

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr




, 12 2013

B
1

22
2 1 2
40 80 79 67
.
= 33 + 10000 + : = 1 : 4 2 +
31
9 3 3
41 3 9 41
5
2
720 .
12 , 5%
. 24 14% .
.
5
3
= .
.
.
.
()
= .
() ,
5
4
60% , 45% ,
15% . 24
, ,
.
5

: 3


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

73

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr





, 12 2013


1
() :
3

x 3 1 x 81x 2 + 27 y
, x = 32 , y = 33 .
= 2 + +
y
y 3 y
2
() = 16 5 , .
3
2
65% , 45% ,
20% . 12
, 24 .
, .
5
3
.
A = . , . .
(i) : = .
(ii) .
(iii) .
5
23

89

4

P ( x ) = ( ax 2 + bx + c ) ( ax + b ) Q ( x ) = a 2 x 3 + 4 x 2 + dx + e ,

a, b, c, d , e . P (1) = 21 ,
a, b, c, d , e P ( x ) Q ( x ) .
5
: 3


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

73

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr





, 12 2013


1
:

( x 1)
4

x + x x + 3 + x2
, x ( x 2 + 4 )( x 2 5 x + 4 ) = 0 .

2
4

5
2

x 2 + y 2 )( x3 y 3 )( x3 + y 3 )
(
4 x 2 + 16 y 2 + 16 xy 25

,
=
( x, y ) =

,
x
y
(
)
2x + 4 y + 5
( x 2 y 2 )( x4 + y 4 + x 2 y 2 )

y x 2 x + 4 y + 5 0 ,
( x, y ) = ( x, y ) .
5
3
AB , E A, , A = . c1 (B, BE) c2 (, ) 1 , 2 1 , 2 , . 1
2 .
:
() E, 2 , 1 , , c3 .
() E, 1 , 2 , , c4 .
() A c3 c4 , .
5
4

a 2 x 2 + 2a 2 1 x + x 2 + 3 2 2 = 0,

x \ a \ .
a .
5
: 3


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

73

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr





, 12 2013


1
x, y \ :
x + y 1 + x + 2 + y + 2 5 .

( x, y ) , x < 0 , :
x + y 1 + x + 2 + y + 2 = 5 .

5
2
x, y

x 2 ( y 2 3 y + 2 ) 4 y ( y 1) ( xy 2 x + 2 y y 2 ) ,

: 2 y 3 1 .
5
3
AB AB < A < B . =
= < 90D .
AB ( AB = A ) A ( A = A )
K . A
=
.
ABE .
5
4
x \
13 2 x + 13 + 2 x
.
5

: 3


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

73

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr





, 12 2013


1
, :
xy = z 2 + 2, y 3 = x3 + 2 x 2 + 1 .
5
2
f : \ \ , :

f ( x 2 ) y 2 = f ( x + y ) f ( x y ) , x, y \ .
5

3
x
ax + a+x ,
a > 1 , .
a
a x + a + x K , K
.
5
4
ABC ( AB < AC < BC )
c(O, R) . AD c(O, R)
E . c1 ( D, DA) AC T , AB
S , c(O, R) H OA Z .
:
() SBTC , c2 .
() O, D, E , Z , H c2 , .
5
: 3

1

( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

73


, 12 2013
N

B
1

22 3
2 1 2
40 80 79 67
.
= 3 + 10000 + : = 1 : 4 2 +
31
9 3 3
41 3 9 41

22 3
2 1 2 4
2 3 2 4
2 2 112
= 3 + 10000 + : = 27 + 1 + = 28 + =
31
9 3 3 31
9 1 3 31
3 3 31
40 80 79 67 1 80 79 67 1 1 67 81 67 148
= 1 : 4 2 +
= : +
= : +
= +
=
41 3 9 41 41 81 81 41 41 81 41 41 41 41
112 148 112 41 148 31 4592 4588
4
=

=
=
=
> 0, > .
31 41
31 41
1271
1271
2
720 .
12 , 5%
. 24 14% .
.
.
12 , 5
5% ., 720
= 36
100
, 720 + 36 = 756 .
756 :12 = 63 .
24 , 14% ,
14
= 100,8 , 720 + 100,8 = 820,8 .
720
100
820,8 : 24 = 34, 2 .

2
3
= .
.
.
.
()
= .
() ,

() AB ( AB = A ), : 1 = 2 .
, .
A , : =
1

.
1 = 1 = 2 = x .

1
() A , :
(1) .
x + y + z = 180o
AB , :
2 x + y + = 180o
(2) .
A ( A ), :
=
= 2 x
(3) .
y =
(1) (2) ( (3)), :
3x + z = 180o
(A) 4 x + = 180o
(B) .
:
y = z , y = z = 2 x () () :
x = 36o = 36o .
x = z , () : x = z = 45o , = 90o , .
x = y , (3) : x = 0o , .
= = 360 .
, ,
4
60% , 45% ,
15% . 24
, ,
.

( 60 + 45 ) 15 = 90% .

3
100 90 = 10% . , 24,
100
= 240 . ,
24
10
60
45
240
= 144 , 240
= 108 .
100
100


1
() :
3

x 3 1 x 81x 2 + 27 y
, x = 32 , y = 33 .
= 2 + +
y
y 3 y
() = 1623 589 , .

2
x 32 33
x3 ( 3 )
36
=
= = 3
() x = 3 , y = 3 2 =
=
=
,
1
2
6
y 33 32
y
( 33 ) 3
3

1
1
2 2
3
81 + 27
81x 2 + 27 y 81 ( 3 ) + 27 3
81 34 + 27 33
81
27 = 2 33 .
=
=
=
3
3
3
y
3
3
3

3

x 3 1 x 81x 2 + 27 y 1 3
4
= 2 + +
= 1 + 3 + 2 33 = 27 + 2 27 = 36 + 54 = 90.
y
3
3
y 3 y
()

= 1623 589 = ( 24 ) 589 = 292 589 = 23 ( 289 589 ) = 23 ( 2 5 ) = 23 1089 = 8 1089 .


23

89

, 8 89 ,
90 .
2
65% , 45% ,
20% . 12
, 24 .
, .

(
) ( 65 + 45 ) 20 = 90% . -

100 90 = 10% . , 100


= 360 . ,
24 + 12 = 36 , 36
10

4
360
360

65
= 234 ,
100

45
= 162 .
100

3
.
A = . , . .
(i) : = .
(ii) .
(iii) .

2
(i) :
1. = ( ).
2. = ( ).
=
= 60o + x , x =
.
3.
(
), = .
(ii) ,
3
3
= 3
. =

2
2
: ( ) = ( ) + ( ) = ( ) + ( ) ,
.
3
= = 2
= 3 ,
2
1
2 3
.
( ) = 3 =
2
2

5
= =

.
2
( = = )
.
= 2 2 = 2 2 = 2 + 2 2
=

( 3 )

2 3

3 2 7
+

=
.
= 3 +
4 4
4
16
4
2

1 3 7 7 2 3
( ) =

=
,
2 2
4
16
2 3 7 2 3 15 2 3
.
+
=
( ) = ( ) + ( ) =
2
16
16
(iii) ( & ,
7
. = , =

4
3 3 3 3
= + =
+
=
,
2
4
4
1
1
7 3 3 33 2 3
.
=
( ) = ( + ) = +
2
2
4 4
32
4

P ( x ) = ( ax 2 + bx + c ) ( ax + b ) Q ( x ) = a 2 x 3 + 4 x 2 + dx + e ,

a, b, c, d , e . P (1) = 21 ,
a, b, c, d , e P ( x ) Q ( x ) .

P (1) = 21 P (1) = ( a + b + c )( a + b ) = 21 , ,

a, b, c , a + b + c > a + b ,
a + b + c = 7
a + b + c = 21

(1)

. ( 2)
a+b = 3
a +b =1
a, b a + b = 1 (2) ,
(2) .
(1) a + b = 3 c = 4 .
P ( x )

P ( x ) = ( ax 2 + bx + c ) ( ax + b ) = a 2 x3 + 2abx 2 + ( b 2 + ac ) x + bc ,

P ( x ) = Q ( x ) {a 2 = a 2 , 2ab = 4, b 2 + ac = d , bc = e} .

c = 4 a + b = 3 , :
a + b = 3, ab = 2, c = 4, b 2 + 4a = d , 4b = e, a, b, c, d , e ,
a = 1, b = 2, c = 4, d = 8 e = 8 a = 2, b = 1, c = 4, d = 9 e = 4.


1
:

( x 1)

x + x x + 3 + x2

, x ( x 2 + 4 )( x 2 5 x + 4 ) = 0 .
2
4

( x 1)

x +x

x + 3 + x2

( x 1) + 2 ( x + x ) x + 3 + x 2
2

4
2
4
2
x 2 x + 1 + 2 x + 2 x x + 3 + x 2 x 2 2 x 2.

x [ 2, 2] .
,
x ( x 2 + 4 )( x 2 5 x + 4 ) = 0 x = 0 x 2 + 4 = 0 x 2 5 x + 4 = 0.

x 2 + 4 = 0 \ , x 2 + 4 > 0, x \ , x 2 5 x + 4 = 0 = 9 > 0 x = 1 x = 4 .
x = 0 x = 1 x = 4
4 [ 2, 2] , x = 0 x = 1 .
2

x 2 + y 2 )( x3 y 3 )( x3 + y 3 )
(
4 x 2 + 16 y 2 + 16 xy 25
( x, y ) =

,
=

,
x
y
(
)
2x + 4 y + 5
( x 2 y 2 )( x4 + y 4 + x 2 y 2 )

y x 2 x + 4 y + 5 0 ,
( x, y ) = ( x, y ) .

y x 2 x + 4 y + 5 0 ,
, .
( x, y ) :

( x + y )( x y )( x + y ) = ( x
( x, y ) =
( x y )( x + y + x y )
2

+ y 2 )( x 6 y 6 )
x y
6

= x2 + y2 .


x 6 y 6 = ( x 2 ) ( y 2 ) = ( x 2 y 2 )( x 4 + x 2 y 2 + y 4 )
3


x3 y 3 = ( x y ) ( x 2 + xy + y 2 ) ,

x3 + y 3 = ( x + y ) ( x 2 xy + y 2 )

x 4 + y 4 + x 2 y 2 = ( x 2 + y 2 ) x 2 y 2 = ( x 2 + y 2 + xy )( x 2 + y 2 xy ) .
2

7
2
4 x2 + 16 y 2 + 16 xy 25 ( 2 x + 4 y ) 5
( x, y ) =
=
2x + 4 y + 5
2x + 4 y + 5
2

( 2x + 4 y + 5)( 2 x + 4 y 5) = 2x + 4 y 5.
=

2x + 4 y + 5
( x, y ) = ( x, y ) :

x 2 + y 2 = 2 x + 4 y 5 x 2 2 x + y 2 4 y + 5 = 0 ( x 1) + ( y 2 ) = 0
2

x 1 = 0 y 2 = 0 ( ( x 1) + ( y 2 ) > 0)
2

x = 1, y = 2.
3
AB ,E A, , A = . c1 (B, BE) c2 (, ) 1 , 2 1 , 2 , . 1
2 .
:
() E, 2 , 1 , , c3 .
() E, 1 , 2 , , c4 .
() A c3 c4 , .

3
() 2 ( 2

c1 ), E2
I AB . :
IE = IB2
(1) .

8
1 ( 1 c2 ),

1

I AB . :
I = I1
(2) .
AE ( A = A ), E
I

AB . :
I = IE
(3) .
, 2 , E , 1 I
AB , ( (1), (2), (3) )
I = IE = IB2 = I1 := r ,
E, 2 , 1 , c3 I r .
() E, 1 , 2 ,
c4 I AB r := I = I E = I 2 = I 1 .
() ( c3 c4 )
, .

a 2 x 2 + 2a

2 1 x + x 2 + 3 2 2 = 0,

x \ a \ .
a .

x 2 x 2 .

a 2 x 2 + 2a 2 1 x + 3 2 2 = x 2, x 2.

(1)

a = 0
3 2 2 = x 2, x 2 , (, 3 2 2 > 0 ).
a 0 , (1) = 0 ,

( ax +

2 1 = x 2, x 2.

(2)

ax + 2 1 0 x 2 0, x 2, (2) ,
, , ax + 2 1 = 0 x 2 = 0, x 2 x = 2, a =
, a =

1 2
.
2

1 2
x = 2.
2


1
x, y \ :
x + y 1 + x + 2 + y + 2 5 .

( x, y ) x < 0
x + y 1 + x + 2 + y + 2 = 5 .

a \ :
a a, ( a 0)

a a, ( a 0).


x + y 1 ( x + y 1) , x + 2 x + 2 y + 2 y + 2,
:
x + y 1 + x + 2 + y + 2 ( x + y 1) + x + 2 + y + 2 = 5 .
, , , , , ,
,
x + y 1 0 x + 2 0 y + 2 0
x + y 1 x 2 y 2 .
( x, y ) x < 0 ,
, x {2, 1} , y {2, 1, 0,1, 2,....} , x + y 1 ,
:
( x, y ) {( 2, 2) , ( 2, 1) , ( 2,0) , ( 2,1) , ( 2, 2) , ( 2,3) , ( 1, 2) , ( 1, 1) , ( 1,0) , ( 1,1) , ( 1, 2) }.
2
x, y

x 2 ( y 2 3 y + 2 ) < 4 y ( y 1) ( xy 2 x + 2 y y 2 ) ,

: 2 y 3 < 1 .

x 2 ( y 2 3 y + 2 ) < 4 y ( y 1) ( xy 2 x + 2 y y 2 )
x 2 ( y 2 3 y + 2 ) 4 y ( y 1) ( xy 2 x + 2 y y 2 ) < 0
x 2 ( y 2 3 y + 2 ) 4 y ( y 1)( y 2 ) x 4 y ( y 1) ( 2 y y 2 ) < 0
x2 ( y2 3 y + 2) 4 y ( y2 3 y + 2) x + 4 y2 ( y2 3 y + 2) < 0
( y 2 3 y + 2 )( x 2 4 xy + 4 y 2 ) 0 ( y 2 3 y + 2 ) ( x 2 y ) < 0
2

y 2 3 y + 2 < 0, ( x 2 y ) 0,
2

( y 1)( y 2 ) < 0 1 < y < 2.



3
3
3
1 2y 3 1
1 < y < 2 1 < y < 2 <
< 1 < 2 y 3 < 1 2 y 3 < 1.
2
2
2
2
2
2

10
3
AB AB < A < B . =
= < 90D .
AB ( AB = A ) A ( A = A )
K . A
=
.
ABE .

4
:
1. = ( ).
2. = E ( ).
=
=
+
3.
, c1 c2 .

c .

1

c2 . = (
) c1 , c2 , :
=
. , , .

, 1 = 1 .
(1)
, :

1 = 2 .

2 c1 .
2
c1 . :
= .

(2)
2
2
=
.
(1) (2), :
1

11
4
x \
= 13 2 x + 13 + 2 x .

13
13
x .
2
2
= 13 2 x + 13 + 2 x = n ] , = n > 0 :

13 2 x 0 13 + 2 x 0

= 13 2 x + 13 + 2 x = n ] 2 == 26 + 2 132 4 x 2 = n 2
n2
132 4 x 2 = 13
2

(1)

0 132 4 x 2 13 , (1) n ] , :
n2
n2
0 13 13 13
13 + 13 26 n 2 52 n {6, 7} .
2
2
n = 6 (1)

132 4 x 2 = 5 169 4 x 2 = 25 x 2 = 36 x = 6 .
n = 7 (1)
23
232
147
7 3
.
132 4 x 2 =
169 4 x 2 =
x2 =
x=
2
4
16
4


1
, :
xy = z 2 + 2, y 3 = x3 + 2 x 2 + 1 .

2 x 2 + 1 > 0 , x ] ,
y 3 > x3 ( y x ) ( y 2 + xy + x 2 ) > 0 y x > 0 y > x,
2

y 3 y2

> 0 ( x = y = 0
y 2 + xy + y 2 = x + +
2
4

).
x, y , y > x ,
y x + 1 y 3 ( x + 1) y 3 x3 + 3x 2 + 3x + 1
3

(1)
x3 + 2 x 2 + 1 x 3 + 3 x 2 + 3 x + 1 x 2 + 3 x 0 x {3, 2, 1, 0} .

(1)
(2)

x = 3, y = 8 y = 2 .
x = 2 , y 3 = 1 y = 1 (, xy = z 2 + 2 > 0 ).
x = 1, y 3 = 2 ( ] ).
x = 0, , xy = z 2 + 2 > 0 .
x = 3, y = 2 ,
2
z = 4 z = 2 ,
( x, y, z ) = ( 3, 2, 2 ) ( x, y, z ) = ( 3, 2, 2 ) .
3

12
2
f : \ \ , :

f ( x 2 ) y 2 = f ( x + y ) f ( x y ) , x, y \ .

.
2
x = y = 0 f ( 0 ) = f ( 0 ) f ( 0 ) = 0 f ( 0 ) = 1 .
x = y = 2 f ( 4 ) 4 = f ( 4 ) f ( 0 ) , , f ( 0 ) = 1, 4 = 0 (),
, f ( 0 ) = 0 , f ( 4 ) = 4 . f ( 0 ) = 0 f ( 4 ) = 4 .

x = y = t \ f ( t 2 ) t 2 = f ( 2t ) f ( 0 ) = 0 f ( t 2 ) = t 2 , t \ .

x 0 , t \ t 2 = x , f ( x ) = x , x 0 .

x = 0 , y > 0 , f ( 0 ) y 2 = f ( y ) f ( y ) yf ( y ) = y 2 f ( y ) = y,
y > 0 , f ( x ) = x , x < 0 .
f ( x ) = x, x \, .
3
x
ax + a+x ,
a > 1 , .
a
a x + a + x K , K
.

f ( a, x ) = a x + a + x , a > 1, x [ a, a ] -

. f ( a, x ) = a x + a + x = n ],
n2
f ( a, x ) = a x + a + x = n ] 2a + 2 a x = n a x = a
(1)
2
n2
0 a 2 x 2 a , 0 a a 2a n 2 4a 2a n 2 a .
2
n 2a , 2 a
2

(1) x . , (1)
2

n2

n2

2
2
a x = a , x [ a, a ] x = a a , x [ a, a ]
2

n 2 ( 4a n 2 )
n2
n2
2
x = 2a , x [ a, a ] x =
, x [ a, a ]
2
2
4
2

x=

n 4a n 2
.
2

13
x [ a, a ] , ,
2

n2

x = a a a 2 .
2

,
2

a x + a + x -

n 4a n 2

.
n 2a , 2 a , x =
2
,
n = a x + a + x , 2a , 2 a
, a . ,
2a , 2 a ,

2 a 2a K 2 2

K
a K a
.
2 2

4
ABC ( AB < AC < BC )
c(O, R) . AD c(O, R) E . c1 ( D, DA) AC T , AB S , c(O, R) H OA Z .
:
() SBTC , c2 .
() O, D, E , Z , H c2 , .

5
() AST = S c1 AT .
T = 2 S .
T S , AD
AD
T AC ,
AD

14
C.
=D
= C = 90 o DA
D
1
2
S = C SBTC .
H =D
DAH ( DA = DH
() ED
3
A = H ).
2
2
D = 2 A .
(1)
3

H = A
c EO
H =O
EA
2
1
, :
O1 = 2 A 2 .
(2)
=D
, O , D , E , H
(1) (2) O
1
3
( ).
Z = OAH ( OA = OH
HO
2
A = H ). :
2

= 2 A .

2
1

(3)

H = A
c HDZ
= D ZA
1
1
4
, :
D 4 = 2 A1 .
(4)
=D
, O , D , Z , H
(3) (4) O
2
4
( ).
ST D c1 .
BC O c . K , c2 .
K O , D , Z , E , H ,
: DKO = DHO .
, DKO ST BC (
), :
DKO = 180 o S B = B C ,
:

= 90o AOE = 90o ACE


= 90o (C + 90o B ) = B C .
= H + H = A + A = EAO
DHO
1
2
1
2
2
.


( ) 34
106 79
. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 3616532 - 3617784 - Fax: 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


74

, 18 2014

,

1. .
2. ,
, , , ,
,
,
.
3.
.
4. (3)
(9-12 ). '
.
5. ' ,
,
. ...
.
6. .
7. ,
, '
..., 34, 106 79 ,
, , ,
.
8.
() ...
9. 22 2014
. ...
,
32 (, 2014)),
18 (, 2014) 55
( , 2014).
10. , .. ...

.
11.
..
.


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


74


, 18 2014

B
1

2

3

4 1 1 77

16 60 19 7
: 32 20000 : 4 4 : 3 2 .
9 3 3 3
81 3 3 9

2

90 , 800 , ,

800 . :
2810 800 2 .
796 .
x , x 10.
.
( 1 1000 )
3
30 .
90 .

,
. . :
.

()
() , .
4
55% .
.
7
.
,
11
60. .
5
: 3


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

74


, 18 2014


1
:
3

x3 1 x
243 x 2 81 y 2
x 1 y 1 , x 33 , y 34 .
3 : ,
y
y 3 y
2
P x 16 x 6 16 x 4 x 2 1 Q x 4 x 4 5 x 2 1 .
() P x Q x

.
()

P x 5 2
x 1 .
Q x 2

3
x, y x y , 2014.
97. x, y
.
4
30 .
90 .

,
. , :
() .
() .

5
: 3

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


74


, 18 2014

1 3 1 3 1 3
4

y 4 2 .

x 1 y .
2
x :
x 1
0
1
x 2 x 5 0 .
3
3
AB . c1 (, ) (
) A . c2 ( , ) (
) A c1 (, ) .
c3 .
() , , .
() .
4
a, b
a 2 4b 2 2a 12b 5 .
a b a, b
.

5
: 3


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


74


, 18 2014


1
, , ,
, , , .


2 ,


.
2
a
x3 2 x 2 4ax 2 11ax 6a
.
3
x, y, z

x 2 y 2 z 2 6a 2 ,
x y 3a,
y z 3a,
a .
4
ABC O, R I

. N C M
C . MI O, R D
D IBC
.
N, NI E. : EB
5
: 3


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY


34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


74


, 18 2014


1
a
x3 4 x 2 5ax 2 26ax 24a
.
2
Oxy
D

x, y : x 1

y 2 8 2 .
2

() x y, x, y D ,

x, y .
() k , x y k -

C : x 1 y 2 8 , .
2

3
f : * * , * 0, 1-1 k .
2
2
2
3 f 1 1 f 2 1 ... f k 1 1

, a 1, 2,..., k 1 ,
f a k 2 .

4
c(O, R) , ( ) , , , .
c1 c(O, R) , ( ). , , .
:
(i) , , .
(ii) c(O, R) .
5
: 3


( ) 34
106 79
. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr

GREEK MATHEMATICAL
SOCIETY
34, Panepistimiou (leftheriou Venizelou) Street
GR. 106 79 - Athens - HELLAS
Tel. 210 3616532 - 2103617784 - Fax: 210 3641025
e-mail : info@hms.gr
www.hms.gr


74

, 18 2014

B
1

2
=
3

4 1 1 77

16 60 19 7
: 32 + 20000 : + + 4 = 4 : 3 2 + .
9 3 3 3
81 3 3 9

4 1 1 77 4
4
1 77
2
= : 32 + 20000 : + + 4=
: 9 +1 3 + +
9 3 3 3
9
9
3 81
3
4
4 1 77 4
77 4 77
= : 10 + +
= :9+
= +
=1.
9
3 3 81 9
81 81 81
16 60 19 7 308 (60 3 19) 7 308 3 7
= 4 : 3 2 + =
:
+ =
: + =
81 3 3 9 81
27
9 81 27 9

308
7 308 + 7 315
=
9 + =
=
= 35.
81
9
9
9
2
=
= 90 , = 800 ,

, = 800 . :
2810 + 800 2 .
796 .
x , x 10.
.
( 1 1000 )


= x ,
= 800 + x , = 800
. , = x, = 800 ,
= = = 800 . ,
= 800 2 .

1
, :
( x ) =+
x 800 + x + 800 + 800 2 =
2 x + 1600 + 800 2
2 x + 800
( x) =
800 =( x + 400 ) 800 =800 x + 320000 .
2
:
2 x + 1600 + 800 2 < 2810 + 800 2 2 x < 1210 x < 605
800 x + 320000 > 796000 800 x > 476000 x > 595
595 < x < 605 x 10,
x = 600 .
= 600 , =1400
800 600 + 320000 = 480000 + 320000 = 800000 , 800
.

3
=30 . =
= 90 .

,
. . :
.

()
() = .

()
180 30
180

=
=
= 75
2
2

= = 90 75 = 15 .

= = 75 ,
1


=
+
=
=
= 75 30 = 45 .

2
()
2
2
=
= 2,
2 + =
2 2
:
2
.

= =
2
2
, = .
, =
= 30 .
= 60 ,
=
= . = = x,
x
, :

= =
2
2
x2

= =
x =
4
2

2
3 x 2 2 2
2 2
6
2
x
x
.
=

=
4
4
3
3
2

4
55% . . 7
,
.
11
60. .


,
55% .
7 55
35

=, 35% 11 100 100


20% . ( 55 35 ) =
, . (100 55 20 ) =
25% ,

4
25% 60 .
100
60
=
240 .
25
, :

:
55 x
= =
.
100
45 x
= =
.
100
= .
= .
= .
= .
, :
= ,
:
55 x
( ) + = + =
( ) ,
100
7 55 x 35 x
,
=
=
11 100 100
x
20 x
= (55 35)
=
= ,
100 100
x
25 x
= ( 45 20 ) =
= 60 =
x 240
100 100
2
x y .
.
.
55% , :

5
55
9
( x + y ) 100 x= 55 x + 55 y 9 x= 11 y y=
x
(1) .
100
11
, :
xa = x = +a
(2) .
7

.
11
:
(2)
7
7
( + a ) =a x =a
(3) .
11
11
() 60 , :
y= + 60 .
( ) a , :
(2)
(1),(3)
9
7
5
y = + 60 y + a = + a + 6 y + = x + 60
x + x = x + 60 x = 60 x = 132 .
11 11
11
9
9
132 , y = x = 132 =108 ,
11
11
240 .
x=


1
:
3

x3 1 x
243 x 2 + 81 y 2

x 33 , =
y 34 .

= 3 + : ,
=
= x 1 + y 1 , =
y
3
y
y

3
( 33 )3

1 33 39 1 3+ 4 3 9+12 1 1 3

+ : =
+ : (3 =
) 3 + 3 : ( 3 )
( 34 )3 3 34 312 3

1
1 34 + 1 82

= 33 + : 33 =+
1 4= 4 = .
3
3
3
81

1 1 33 + 1
3 2
4 2
+
243 ( 3 ) 11 + 81 ( 3 )
35 36 + 34 38 31 + 34 3 34
34 = 33 + 1= 28.
=
=
=
=
=
1
1
34
34
34
4
3
34

= 33 + 34= 27 + 81= 108.

2
P ( x )= 16 x 6 16 x 4 x 2 + 1 Q ( x ) = 4 x 4 5 x 2 + 1 .
() P ( x ) Q ( x )
.

6
P ( x) 5 2
() =
( x + 1) .
Q ( x) 2

()
P ( x=
) 16 x 6 16 x 4 x 2 + 1= 16 x 4 ( x 2 1) ( x 2 1=)
=

( 4x

+ 1)( 4 x 2 1)( x 2 1=
)

(4x

(16 x

1)( x 2 1=
)

+ 1) ( 2 x 1)( 2 x + 1)( x 1)( x + 1) .

Q ( x=
) 4 x 4 5 x 2 + 1= 4 x 4 4 x 2 x 2 + 1= 4 x 2 ( x 2 1) ( x 2 1)
=

()

( 4x

1)( x 2 1) =

( 2 x 1)( 2 x + 1)( x 1)( x + 1) .

P ( x) 5 2
5 2
=
x + 1) 4 x 2 +=
1
(
( x + 1) x=2 1 =x 1,
Q ( x) 2
2

1
x 1.
2
.

Q ( x ) 0 x

3
x, y x > y , 2014.
97. x, y
.


x 2014 y
=
2014 y = y + 97, y > 97 1
(=
1 + ) y 1917, y > 97 1 + 2
(1 + ) y = 33 71, y > 97 1 + 2.
y 1917= 33 71 97,
y =3 71 =213 y = 32 71 = 639 y = 33 71 = 1917
y = 213
, x 1801
8 .
=
=
y = 639
, x 1375
2 .
=
=
y = 1917 , x = 97 < y = 1917, .
4
=30 . =
= 90 .
,
. = , :
() .
() .

()
2
2
=
2 + =
2 2
= 2,

7
2
.
=
2
2
= 30 , = x ,
,
1
x = = 30 = = 2 x ,
2
:
2
6
2
.
2 + x 2 = ( 2 x ) 3 x 2 = 2 3 x 2 =
x=
=
2
6
6

:
=

4
()

= = 180 30 = 75 ,
=
2


= 75 + 30
= 75
= 45 .
,
, .
,
= . =
=
.

= 180 2=

180 2 =
75 30 ,

1
= 30 = = 2
2
3
= 30 = 2
= 3.
2
:
= + = 1 + 3 .

= :
2 +=
3 + =

3 1 .


1
x =

(1 + 3 )(1 + 3 )(1 + 3 )
8

y = 4 2 .

x + 1 y .


,
=
x

3 1

(1 + 3 )(1 + 3 )(1 + 3 )(
8

( 3 1)
3 )(1 + 3 )(
2

=
8
3 1

) (1 +

=
4
3 1

3 1 -

3 1

) (1 + 3 )(

=
3 1

3 1.


x + 1=

3 < 8 4=

2= y .

2
x :
x 1
1
0
( x 2 ) ( x 5) 0 .
3

x 1
0 x 1 3 3 x 1 3 2 x 4.
3
( x 2 )( x 5 ) 0 :
1

(1)

( x 2 )( x 5) 0 ( x 2 0 x 5 0 ) ( x 2 0 x 5 0 )
2 x 5 ( x 2 x 5 ) , 2 x 5.
x 2 x 2 x 2 x 5 5 x 5 ,
(2)
5 x 2 2 x 5
(1) (2)
x =2 2 x 4.
3
AB ( = > ). c1 (, ) (
) A . c2 ( , ) (
) A c1 (, )
. c3 .
() , , .
() .

() :

9
( c1 (, ) )
( c2 ( , ) )

= = 90
:
2

=
= 90 .
:
2
. :

=
= 90 .
() , () = , ()
2
= =
= =

(1)
(2)

(1)

, = = ,

(3)
2 = = 90 .
2

5
= = , ( )
( ).
:

=
= 90
(4)
1 =
2
(3) (4) :

=
= = 90 ,
(5)
2 =
1
2
, , , ,
. , , , .
, ,
.

10

+ 90 + 90 = 180 ,
+
+
=

2
2

,

.

90
.

, :
()
=
1
1
1

c = ( , , ) , :
3

. , , :
= = 90

1
1
1


=
= ,
+
= 90 90
1 =
1
1
1
2
2

.
= , .

4
a, b
a 2 + 4b 2 =2a + 12b 5 .
a + b a, b .

s= a + b , :
2
a 2 + 4 ( s a ) = 2a + 12 ( s a ) 5 .

5a 2 ( 8s 10 ) a + 4s 2 12s + 5 =
0

(1)

(1) a ,
, :
2
2
= ( 8s 10 ) 20 ( 4 s 2 12 s + 5 ) 0 4 ( 4 s 5 ) 5 ( 4 s 2 12 s + 5 ) 0 4 s 2 + 20 s 0

s ( s 5 ) 0 ( s 0 s 5 0 ) ( s 0 s 5 0 ) 0 s 5.
s= a + b 5. s = 5
=0 , a = 3 b = 2 .


1
, , ,
,
= ,
= ,
= .


+ 2 = ,

11

6


= = = = , :
2 2

+ = + =
2 2



+ = + + + =0 + =0 +


= (, , , ) + =

)(

2
a
x 3 2 x 2 = 4ax 2 11ax + 6a
.

:
x3 2 x 2 = 4ax 2 11ax + 6a x 3 2 x 2 = 4ax 2 8ax 3ax + 6a

x 2 ( x 2=
) 4ax ( x 2 ) 3a ( x 2 ) ( x 2 ) ( x 2 4ax + 3a=) 0
x 2 =0 x 2 4ax + 3a =0 x =2 x 2 4ax + 3a =0.
x = 2 , a ,
a x 2 4ax + 3a =
0 .
=
16a 2 12
=
a 4a ( 4a 3)
3
, 4a ( 4a 3) 0 a 0 a .
4
u , v , Vieta :

u+v =
4a uv =
3a 3 ( u + v ) =
4uv 3u + 3v 4uv =
0 u ( 3 4v ) =
3v ,
4u 3 0 :
3v
1 12v 1 12v 9 + 9 1
9
9
u=
3
=
=
=
.

3+
4u =
4v 3 4 4v 3 4 4v 3 4
4v 3
4v 3
, 4v 3 {9, 9, 3, 3, 1, 1} , :

12
=
v 3=
v 0=
v 1.

=
v 3=
v 1
=
u 1=
u 3 a = 1 .
v = 0 u = 0 a = 0.

=
a 0=
a 1 .

3
( x, y, z )

x2 + y 2 + z 2 =
6a 2 ,
x+ y =
3a,
y + z 3a,
a .

s= y + z , z= s y . =
x 3a y ,

2
2
(1)
( 3a y ) + y 2 + ( s y ) = 6a 2 3 y 2 2 ( 3a + s ) y + s 2 + 3a 2 = 0
y , , ,
2
=
4 ( 3a + s ) 3 ( s 2 + 3a 2 ) 0 2 s 2 + 6as 0 0 s 3a.

: s 3a, : s = 3a .
3a + s
=0 (1)
=
y = 2a ,
3
x = 3a y = a z = 3a y = a . ,
( x, y , z ) = ( a , 2 a , a ) .

4
ABC ( O, R ) I
. N BC M
C . MI ( O, R ) D
= IBC
.
( N, NI ) E. : EBD

( N, NI ) B C . , BIN


= A + B . NBI
=
+ CBI
= A + B ,
AIB , BIN
NBC
2 2
2 2

BIN = NBI , NB = NI .
, BC
, ( O, R ) ,
= 90 . ( N, NI ) D IE .
NDM

13

BEI
. BDM
BED EBD
90 BAN=90

=
BDM
2

= C ( ( N, NI ) ).
BEI
2

= 90 A C = B = IBC
.
EBD
2 2 2


1
a
x3 4 x 2 = 5ax 2 26ax + 24a
.

:
x 3 4 x 2 = 5ax 2 26ax + 24a x 3 4 x 2 = 5ax 2 20ax 6ax + 24a = 0
x 2 ( x 4=
) 5ax ( x 4 ) 6a ( x 4 ) ( x 4 ) ( x 2 5ax + 6a=) 0
x 4 =0 x 2 5ax + 6a =0 x =4 x 2 5ax + 6a =0.
x = 4 , a ,
a x 2 5ax + 6a =
0 2
. =
25a 24
=
a a ( 25a 24 ) 24
.
25
u , v , Vieta :

, a ( 25a 24 ) 0 a 0 a

u+v =
5a uv =
6a 6 ( u + v ) =
5uv 6u + 6v 5uv =
0 u ( 6 5v ) =
6v ,
6 5v 0 :
6v
1 30v 1 30v 36 + 36 1
36
36
u=
=
=
=
.

6+
5u 6=
5v 6 5 5v 6 5
5v 6
5v 6
5v 6
5

14
,
5v 6 {36, 36, 18, 18, 12, 12, 9, 9, 6, 6, 4, 4, 3, 3, 2, 2, 1, 1} ,
:
v=
6 v =
3 v=
0 v=
1 v=
2.
v =
6 v =
1 u = 1 u = 6 , , a = 1 .

=
v 3=
v 2
=
u 2=
u 3, , a = 1
v = 0 u = 0 a = 0.
a = 0 a = 1 .
2
Oxy
=
D

{( x, y ) : ( x 1)

+ ( y 2) 8 2 .
2

() x + y, ( x, y ) D ,
x, y .
() k , x + y =
k C : ( x 1) + ( y 2 ) =
8 , .
2

() S= x + y . D :

( x 1) + ( S x 2 ) 8 .
2 x 2 + 2 (1 S ) x + S 2 4 S 3 0 .
2

(1)

:
2
= 4 (1 S ) 2 ( S 2 4 S 3) = 4 (1 2 S + S 2 2 S 2 + 8S + 6 )

=
4 ( S 2 6 S 7 ) =
4 ( S + 1)( S 7 ) .

(1) x
(1), : 0 1 S 7 , S S max = 7 . S = 7 (1) x 2 6 x + 9 0 ( x 3) 0
2

x = 3 , y = S max x = 7 3 = 4 .
() k : x + y =
k C : ( x 1) + ( y 2 ) =
8 .
2

C k ,
2
2
( x 1) + ( y 2 ) = 8, x + y= k ,
, C .
,
(2)
2 x 2 + 2 (1 k ) x + k 2 4k 3 =
0.

x , = 4 ( k 2 6k 7 ) = 0
k=
1 k =
7 , k kmin = 1 .
(2) k = 1. =0 (2)

15

k 1
x =

= =
1 , y = 0 .
2
2
( x, y ) = ( 1, 0 ) .
3
f : * * , * 0, 1-1 k .
2
2
2
3 ( f (1) 1) + ( f ( 2 ) 1) + ... + ( f ( k + 1) 1)

, a {1, 2,..., k + 1} ,

f (a) k + 2 .


=
a 1, 2,..., k + 1 , f ( a ) < k + 2 . f ( a ) k + 1

=
a 1, 2,..., k + 1 . f 1-1,
f (1) 1, f ( 2 ) 1, ..., f ( k + 1) 1 ,
( ) 1 1, 2 1,..., k + 1 1 .

2
2
2
2
3 ( f (1) 1) + ( f ( 2 ) 1) + ... + ( f ( k + 1) 1) = 3 12 + 22 + ... + ( k + 1)

3
2
k ( k + 1)( 2k + 1) 2k + 3k + k
3
=
=
=
k 3 + k 2 + k.
2
2
2
3
3
k 3 < k 3 + k 2 + k < ( k + 1) ,
2
, (). a {1, 2,..., k + 1} f ( a ) k + 2 .
4
c(O, R ) , ( ) , , , .
c1 c(O, R ) , ( ). , , .
:
(i) , , .
(ii) c ( , R ) .

(i) , , , : .

16

8
c1 .
c ( =90 ) .
1

c1 .
.
= = 90 , , :
=
(1) .
= = 90 , , :

=
(2) .
(1) (2) , = ,
.
(ii) (
c1 ), c(O, R ) . :
(3)
2 = .
(3) ( (1) ), :
(4)
2 = .
. c(O, R ) ( , , ) ,
.