Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 6

CommonSenseExcerpt1

InthefollowingpagesIoffernothingmorethan

ImagineyourselfsittingdowntoreadCommonSensein
January1776.HowdoesPaineintroducehisreasoningto
simplefacts,plainarguments,andcommonsense:and you?

havenootherpreliminariestosettlewiththereader
Withsimplefacts,plainarguments,andcommonsense.
thanthathewilldivest[rid]himselfofprejudiceand (Notopinion,everydayman[notjustacademic/religiousman])

prepossession,andsuffer[permit]hisreasonandhis

feelingstodetermineforthemselves:thathewillput
WhydoeshewriteIoffernothingmoreinsteadofIoffer
on,orratherthathewillnotputoff,thetruecharacter youmanyreasonsorIofferadetailedargument?

ofaman,andgenerouslyenlargehisviewsbeyondthe Humble,direct,anotherconnectiontoreader.

presentday.

HowdoesPaineaskyoutoprepareyourselfforhis
PARAGRAPH55
commonsensearguments?

Openminded+nonjudgemental
Listenw/reasoning+heart

Thesunnevershinedonacauseofgreaterworth.Tis Thisparagraphbeginswithoneofthemostfamous

hyperbolesinAmericanwriting.Ahyperboleisan
overstatementorexaggerationtoemphasizeapoint.What
arethetwoexamplesofhyperboleinthisparagraph?
kingdom,butofacontinentofatleastoneeighth

Therehasntbeenacause.
partofthehabitableglobe.Tisnottheconcernofa
Totheendoftime.
day,ayear,oranageposterityarevirtuallyinvolved
Withthehyperboles,howdoesPaineleadyoutoviewthe
inthecontestandwillbemoreorlessaffected,even causeofAmericanindependence?

totheendoftime,bytheproceedingsnow.Nowisthe Independence=morepressingissuenow
GlobalissueEnlightenment,improvingmankind.
seedtimeofcontinental[colonies]union,faithand

WhattonedoesPaineaddwiththephrasesThesunnever
honor.[Theleastfracturenowwillbelikeaname
shinedandeventotheendoftime?
engravedwiththepointofapinonthetenderrindofa
Negativity,beliefsoftheeffect.
youngoakthewoundwillenlargewiththetree,and Reallyimportant
Religiousoverview,prophetic>confirmmybeliefs
posterityreaditinfullgrowncharacters.]
Largedemographicofreader.

^ small minority = big importance LetsconsiderPaineasawordsmith.Howdoesheuse


repetitiontoaddimpacttothefirstpartoftheparagraph?
PARAGRAPH58

Tryingtogetthepointacrossandgeteverybodytoseewhatis
* Posterity = All future generations
goingon.
Showimportance
Rhythm>soundslikeasermon

nottheaffairofacity,acountry,aprovince,ora

Byreferringthematterfromargumenttoarms,anew
areaforpoliticsisstruckanewmethodof
thinkinghatharisen.Allplans,proposals,etc.,
priortothenineteenthofApril,i.e.,tothe
commencementofhostilities[Lexingtonand
Concord],arelikethealmanacsofthelastyear
which,thoughproper[accurate]then,are
supersededanduselessnow.Whateverwasadvanced
bytheadvocatesoneithersideofthequestionthen,
terminatedinoneandthesamepoint,viz.[thatis],a
unionwithGreatBritain.Theonlydifference
betweenthepartieswasthemethodofeffectingit
theoneproposingforce,theotherfriendshipbutit
hathsofarhappenedthatthefirsthathfailedandthe
secondhathwithdrawnherinfluence.
PARAGRAPH59

Paineincludesmultiplerepetitionsinthisparagraph.What
wordrepetitiondoyoufind?

*Method
*Hath

Readthesentencesaloud.Whatimpactdoestherepetition
addtoPainesdelivery?

Ibelievethatitisawaytomakethereaderseethemainideaor
thoughtthatPaineistryingtogetacross.

PainecomparestheattemptstoreconcilewithBritainafter
theBattleofLexingtonandConcordtoanoldalmanac.
Whatdoeshemean?

Thereisnouseforitanymore,thingshavechanged.

Asmuchhathbeensaidoftheadvantagesof

Painecomparesthegoalofreconciliationtoanagreeable
dream[thathas]passedawayandleftusaswewere.Why
reconciliation,which,likeanagreeabledream,hath
doesntheaimharshercriticismhereatthegoalof
reconcilingwithBritain?
passedawayandleftusaswewere,itisbutrightthat
weshouldexaminethecontrary[opposing]sideofthe Hewantstobeabletogetthereadertoseethedifferenttypesof
views.
argumentandinquireintosomeofthemanymaterial
Withthisinmind,whattonedoesheleadthereaderto
injurieswhichthesecoloniessustain,andalwayswill expect:cynical,impatient,hopeful,reasonable,impassioned,
angry?
sustain,bybeingconnectedwithanddependenton

Cynical,hopeful,andreasonable.
GreatBritain.Toexaminethatconnectionand

dependence,ontheprinciplesofnatureandcommon Howdoeshistonepreparetheresistantreader?

Toopenupandlistentonewideas.
sense,toseewhatwehavetotrustto[expect]if

separated,andwhatwearetoexpectifdependent.
WhilePainepromisesafairappraisal,lookhowhedescribes
thetwooptionsinthelastsentence.
PARAGRAPH60
Option1:ifseparatedfromBritain

Option2:ifdependentonBritain
Whydidntheusetheusualtermsforthetwooptions
independenceandreconciliation?

Painewantstomakesurethathekeepshistonethesame.He
wantstokeepthereaderengagedandconnectedtowhatsgoing
on.

IhavehearditassertedbysomethatasAmericahath

HerePainerebutsthefirstargumentfor
reconciliationthatAmericahasthrivedasaBritishcolony
flourishedunderherformerconnectionwithGreat
andwouldfailonherown.Howdoeshedismissthis
argument?
Britain,thatthesameconnectionisnecessarytowards
AfterPainestatesanargument,hesaysNothingcanbemore
herfuturehappiness,andwillalwayshavethesame
fallaciousthanthiskindofargument.Paineisbasicallysaying
effect.Nothingcanbemorefallaciousthanthiskind thattherecouldbenomoremistakenbeliefthanthatargument.

ofargument.Wemayaswellassertthatbecausea

childhasthriveduponmilk,thatitisnevertohave
Painefollowshisutterrejectionoftheargumentwithan
analogy.Completetheanalogy:Americastayingwith
meat,orthatthefirsttwentyyearsofourlivesisto
Britainwouldbelikeachild_______.
becomeaprecedentforthenexttwenty.Buteventhis
InmyopiniontheanalogywouldbeAmericastayingwith
Britainwouldbelikeachildthatisnevertohavemeat.
isadmittingmorethanistrueforIanswerroundly

thatAmericawouldhaveflourishedasmuch,and

probablymuchmore,hadnoEuropeanpowerhad

Painegoesonestepfurtherinthelastsentence.Whatdoes
anythingtodowithher.
hesayaboutAmericaschildhoodasaBritishcolony?

PARAGRAPH61
PainestatedthatAmericawouldhaveflourished...more,or
developedinastrongerway,ifshehadnothingtodowiththe

British.