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ATHENS

Course MP06

Nonlinear Computational Mechanics


March 16 to 20, 2009

ELASTO-VISCOPLASTICITY
Jean-Louis Chaboche
ONERA, 29 av. de la Division Leclerc
92320 Chtillon, France
Jean-Louis.Chaboche@onera.fr

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Classical elasto-viscoplasticity
VARIOUS VISCOSITY AND CREEP EFFECTS
NOTION OF VISCOPLASTIC POTENTIAL
EXAMPLES OF SECONDARY CREEP AND
MULTIPLICATIVE HARDENING RULE
ELASTO-VISCOPLASTICITY BASED ON
NON-LINEAR KINEMATIC HARDENING
STATIC RECOVERY EFFECTS
IDENTIFICATION OF UNIFIED VISCOPLASTIC
CONSTITUTIVE EQUATIONS
ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Viscosity effects

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Strain rate effects on the monotonic and cyclic behaviour

= &

&

&
&

'

&

(
' !
!
% "#$

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

) *

Two strain rates test


+

', &,

'

!
Modelling of creep-forming
process : Metal forming by
simultaneous creep and
heat treatment
conical panel

Test
model

mold

Final state, T 7351 - 173C


ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

'

Creep tests

constant stress and temperature

=!

" . $/
+

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

= ," $

Elasto-viscoplasticity

0 0

Secondary creep Nortons law (1930)

21

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Strain-hardening and time-hardening assumptions


7

3 +

56

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Classical elasto-viscoplasticity
VARIOUS VISCOSITY AND CREEP EFFECTS
NOTION OF VISCOPLASTIC POTENTIAL
EXAMPLES OF SECONDARY CREEP AND
MULTIPLICATIVE HARDENING RULE
ELASTO-VISCOPLASTICITY BASED ON
NON-LINEAR KINEMATIC HARDENING
STATIC RECOVERY EFFECTS
IDENTIFICATION OF UNIFIED VISCOPLASTIC
CONSTITUTIVE EQUATIONS
ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Elastoplasticity and viscoplasticity : equipotential surfaces


7

"
"*

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

$
$

Strain rate effect and equipotentials

8=

7
=

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Strain rate stress relationship at fixed hardening

( )
+

6
6

7 9 7

( )
ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Viscoplasticity equations Normality rule


potential :

= ( -

- :)

hardening
variables

9
normality :

:;<

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Classical elasto-viscoplasticity
VARIOUS VISCOSITY AND CREEP EFFECTS
NOTION OF VISCOPLASTIC POTENTIAL
EXAMPLES OF SECONDARY CREEP AND
MULTIPLICATIVE HARDENING RULE
ELASTO-VISCOPLASTICITY BASED ON
NON-LINEAR KINEMATIC HARDENING
STATIC RECOVERY EFFECTS
IDENTIFICATION OF UNIFIED VISCOPLASTIC
CONSTITUTIVE EQUATIONS
ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Odqvist law

secondary creep

4
=

5 +
3

+/

/
,

=
= 4

4
=

<5
> *+

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

'

Rabotnov Lemaitre equation (1969)


,

= ," $

," $

+
+

$ ;

@
Elasto-viscoplasticity

6 /

B
ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

"

A
=
+

(
," $)

; 2

=
7

primary creep

=A
7

Modelling of creep tests


C2

"#$

!
.B

"#$

E
.B

6 "+

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

7 $

Elasto-viscoplasticity

"

7 $

Classical elasto-viscoplasticity
VARIOUS VISCOSITY AND CREEP EFFECTS
NOTION OF VISCOPLASTIC POTENTIAL
EXAMPLES OF SECONDARY CREEP AND
MULTIPLICATIVE HARDENING RULE
ELASTO-VISCOPLASTICITY BASED ON
NON-LINEAR KINEMATIC HARDENING
STATIC RECOVERY EFFECTS
IDENTIFICATION OF UNIFIED VISCOPLASTIC
CONSTITUTIVE EQUATIONS
ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Viscoplasticity with Non-Linear Kinematic hardening

potential :

normality :

multiplier :

A
+

F (

) : <

)
. '

F (

F ( ) : <
=
=
7
A

Non-Linear Kinematic hardening :

! @

isotropic hardening superposition :

on the yield stress :


:
on the hardening modulus : @ 9 @":$
on the drag stress :
A 9 A ":$
ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Microcreeps after creep and unloading


( dip-test technique )
8 ! ?

'

* "BE $

** = &
* = &

'

'

'

'

** " BE $

DB, >
ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Modelling of creep tests


C2

"#$

!
.B

"#$

E
.B

6 "+

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

7 $

Elasto-viscoplasticity

"

7 $

Modelling of relaxation tests


" BE $
C2

6
7
+

+
7

"$

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Classical elasto-viscoplasticity
VARIOUS VISCOSITY AND CREEP EFFECTS
NOTION OF VISCOPLASTIC POTENTIAL
EXAMPLES OF SECONDARY CREEP AND
MULTIPLICATIVE HARDENING RULE
ELASTO-VISCOPLASTICITY BASED ON
NON-LINEAR KINEMATIC HARDENING
STATIC RECOVERY EFFECTS
IDENTIFICATION OF UNIFIED VISCOPLASTIC
CONSTITUTIVE EQUATIONS
ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Strain recovery

7
+

<
3

<

=
ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

! @
Elasto-viscoplasticity

Static or thermal recovery

+)

> !

6 +

>
@

!
,

,
&
+

B
I

7
ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

'

Static or thermal recovery


A

"

/
"E

$=

+
7

! @

"

$
7

: = ) (K : )
5

/
B

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

"&$
Elasto-viscoplasticity

":$
"&$

Static recovery on kinematic hardening


/

<

A
7

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Static recovery effect in the two-level creep test

7
6

<
+

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Classical elasto-viscoplasticity
VARIOUS VISCOSITY AND CREEP EFFECTS
NOTION OF VISCOPLASTIC POTENTIAL
EXAMPLES OF SECONDARY CREEP AND
MULTIPLICATIVE HARDENING RULE
ELASTO-VISCOPLASTICITY BASED ON
NON-LINEAR KINEMATIC HARDENING
STATIC RECOVERY EFFECTS
IDENTIFICATION OF UNIFIED VISCOPLASTIC
CONSTITUTIVE EQUATIONS
ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Identification steps

/
7

7
7

<

'

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

<

)
+

- <- A

Elasto-viscoplasticity

< <

Plasticity Viscoplasticity adjustment

1 1 = !

7 (

<

)
<1
<1

<
<

<1

<

( )

< = <1 + 7 1

7
ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Intrinsic dependancy between threshold and exponent


2 9

D(

(
!

9 ' BE

BE

+ :+<

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

Intrinsic dependancy between threshold and exponent

D(

(
!

9 ' B
/
L

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

9 ' BE

BE

Identification steps

/
7

<

)
+

<

- <- A

"+

5 +
ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

N +
Elasto-viscoplasticity

< <

< <

Viscosity with two slopes


(E

7 =

=
=

A =
A =

(
7
A

!
7
A

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

" $

'

Zener Hollomon master curve


=1

"5 $

A"5 $

= "5 $ P

&/ P (&&&) =

1 "5 $

- O < - ..

ATHENS Course MP06 16 20 March 2009

Elasto-viscoplasticity

(&&&)