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Social Studies 20-1

Related Issue #4
To what extent should individuals and groups in Canada embrace a national identity?
Chapter 15: The Quest for Canadian Unity - To what extent should
Canadian national unity be promoted?
Chapter 16: Visions of National Identity - To what extent should I
embrace a national identity?

Darcy Owen

Tuesday, January 28, 2014 2:23:51 PM MT

Chapter 15: The Quest for Unity


To what extent should Canadian national unity be promoted?
What is national unity?
How does the nature of Canada affect national unity?
How has the changing face of Canada affected national unity?

What is national unity?


Peoples feelings of unity oneness with others is often closely tied to their sense of identity.
Those who feel a common bond with others or who have a strong sense of belonging to a
particular group or collective often feel as if they are part of a unified whole.
When people feel a sense of national unity, they identify with others who belong to the same
nation. For many Canadians, this sense of national identity and unity means sharing basic beliefs
and values, such as respect for diversity.
1. Provide a definition of the following terms: (5)

Darcy Owen

a. patriated:

b. equalization payments:

c. inherent right:

d. ecozone:

e. economic nationalists:

2.

Give example(s) of external forces and an internal forces that influence national unity. (2)

Tuesday, January 28, 2014 2:23:51 PM MT

How does the nature of Canada affect national unity?


Maintaining unity in any group is often a challenge. Think about your own experiences with
clubs and groups of various kinds. In any group or organization, conflicting forces create
divisions between people. People within these groups may have different interests and goals or
conflicting personalities and ways of doing things. As people mature and explore new
opportunities, old loyalties may be strained and ways must be found to maintain them.
Nations and countries experience similar challenges and these are magnified in a country as
large and diverse as Canada.
1. How does Canadas geography affect our national unity? (1)

2. How were Canadas Fathers of Confederation influenced by the American Civil War? (1)

3. Reproducible 4.15.4 - Read pages 349-350 and complete the chart on How some Aspects of
the federal system affect unity and fill in the chart on the next page. (15)
4. page 351 - Quebec Sovereignty and National Unity. What is meant by the slogan Maitres
Chez Nous and what movement is it associated with? (1)

5. What challenges do Francophones outside of Quebec face? (1)

6. What findings did the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism make? (1)

Darcy Owen

Tuesday, January 28, 2014 2:23:51 PM MT

How Some Aspects of the Federal System Affect National Unity (15)
Aspect of the
Federal System

How This Factor Contributes to


National Unity?

How This Factor Harms


National Unity?

Equalization
payments

Political
representation

Official
multiculturalism

A concluding statement that addresses this question: In general, does the federal system
enhance or harm national unity? Provide reasons that support your position. (3)

Darcy Owen

Tuesday, January 28, 2014 2:23:51 PM MT

7. State the goals of the Official Languages Act of 1969. (2)

8. Figure 15-10 - page 352 - Based on an analysis of this graph, what conclusion can be drawn
about the success of official bilingualism? (1)

9. Where does Canadas constitution stand on Aboriginal self-determination? (1)

10. What was the significance of the Nisgaas treaty that was signed in 1998? (1)

11. What guides government policy making in Nunavut? (1)

12. Reproducible 4.15.6 - Read pages 360-363 and complete the chart on the next page entitled
Emerging Trends and Their Impact on Canadian Unity. (8)

Darcy Owen

Tuesday, January 28, 2014 2:23:51 PM MT

Emerging Trends and Their Impact on Canadian Unity (8)


Emerging
Trend

Current Impact

Predicted Future Impact

Immigration

Urbanization

Aboriginal
Peoples

Economic
Globalization

Total for Chapter 15:

Darcy Owen

Tuesday, January 28, 2014 2:23:51 PM MT

/41 marks

Chapter 16: Visions of National Identity


To what extent should I embrace a national identity?
What are some possible visions of nation?
What are some possible visions of Canada?
What is your vision of national identity?

What are some possible visions of nation?


National identity is, in general, a collective or group identity that is based on linguistic, ethnic,
cultural, religious, geographic, spiritual, or political understandings of nation and it often
combines two or more of these understandings.
In some cases, people combine aspects of these understandings of nation with a concept of
themselves as a civic nation. Japan, for example, can be viewed as a civic nation because it has a
parliamentary government and a legal system based in civil law. But most Japanese people also
share common racial, cultural, and linguistic characteristics. Ethnic Japanese people, for
example, make up 98.5 per cent of the population, and 84.5 per cent of Japanese people practice
both Shintoism and Buddhism. The language of the country is Japanese.

Darcy Owen

1.

Define the following term: (1)

cosmopolitan:

2.

What population issues face Tibet? (1)

3.

What assumptions does a pluralistic society make? (2)

4.


Identify two concerns British citizens have regarding recent immigration.


(2)

Tuesday, January 28, 2014 2:23:51 PM MT

What are some possible visions of Canada?


Even before Confederation, Canada was visualized as a country that embraced a degree of
pluralism, though the extent of pluralism was limited. Still, the concept of a pluralistic nation
existed as an idea about what the country could become.
1. Reproducible 4.16.2 - Visions of Canada - Read pages 371-375 and complete. (16)
Vision of
Canada

Description and Details of Vision

Thomas DArcy
McGee

Wilfrid Laurier

Civic nation

Pluralism

Diversity in
Alberta
A nation of
nations

Aboriginal
nations

The Qubcois
nation

Darcy Owen

Tuesday, January 28, 2014 2:23:51 PM MT

Has this vision succeeded in


becoming reality? Why or why not?

2. Explain what is meant by reasonable accommodation. (1)

3. What action did the town of Herouxville, Quebec take? What did this lead to?
(2)

4. Define asymmetrical federalism: (1)

5. Do you support the concept of asymmetrical federalism? Explain your stance. (2)

6. Should Canada merge with the United States? Give reasons for your answer. (2)

7. State the goal of the Binational Planning Group. (1)

Darcy Owen

Tuesday, January 28, 2014 2:23:51 PM MT

8. What impact does globalization have on our national identity? (1)

9. Do you believe that Canada does enough to help out other nation-states?
Explain your answer. (3)

What is your vision of national identity?


1. Read Voices - pages 385 - What point is Jeffrey Sachs making about nationalism? (2)

2. Do you agree with Edward Greenspon that Canadians are proud to be Canadians and that we
really are quite nationalistic? (2)

3. In what manner did Martin Luther King Jr. feel that people should be judged? (1)

Total for Chapter 16:

Darcy Owen

Tuesday, January 28, 2014 2:23:51 PM MT

/40 marks