Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 12

1,

:
- . ,
,
- . ,
- .. ,
- . ,
- .-. ,
- ,
- . ,
- . ,
- . ,
- . ,
- . ,
- . ,
- . ,
- . ,
- . ,
- .. ,
- . , ,
-
. . , -
,

1.
( ).
,
, 1942 1945 ;
,
, .
, ,
1937
12 2001 .
,
, . , ,

,
,
.
52207/99,
, , 1956


, 20
,
1999 .

[Vlastimir and Borka Bankovi],
28 1999 .,
, .
[ivana Stojanovi],

,
[Mirjana Stoimenovski],
14 2000 .,
,
[Dragana Joksimovi] [Dragan
.
, 2.
Sukovi] , ,
, , , , ,

- ,
, , , ,
,
,

, -
, , , ,
, (
30


, - ,
2),

, - ( , )
-, , - - , ,
.
,
24 2001 ., - , - , - , - - . ,
, - ,
24 12 .
2001 .,
3. - :

. , 1999 . , . ,
17 , , 2 ( ), 10 ( )
13 ( ) .
: , ,
() , -?
, , , -, , . - ,
. -,
,
, , , . -,
.

( ).

( ).

12 2008


. : ( ) - , 1
, - , ,
- ,
, , - ,
; - , ;
- , ; - ,
; - , ; - - ,

; - ,
; -
, ; -
,
; - ,
; - ,
, - , ; -
,
.
A.
4. , ,
.
5. -
. - ,
-
. , ,

-
.
1.

6. 19981999 .
. ,
(
1992 ), 2.
.
7. 30 1999 .,
( ), ( )

. 6 23 1999 . .
15 18 1999 . . . ,
, , .
8. , ,
,
23 1999 . ( ). 24 8 1999 .
2.
[Radio Televizije Srbije]

9. (
) . .
.
,
- .
10. 23 1999 . 2
, .
, .
11. ,

, .
, .
, . .
3.

12. 26 1999 . ( )

( ). 29
1999 .
, ,
73 .
2 1999 .
. , ,
.
13. 2000 . , ,
( ).
. 2 2000 .

.
B.
1. 1949

14. 24
1949 . ( 1949 )

[Queens Counsel, QC] ; ( ).

, 1992 . .
, , , .
().
, . .
1994 . ( ).
, ( ).

12 2008


(),
(, , ,
, , , ,
, , ), .
1952 1949
, 1955 , 1982 . 12 1999 .
, .
15.

, .
,
.
2.
1969

16. 31 1969 (
1969 )
:
1. ,
,
.
<...>
3. :
<...>
(b) ,

;
() , .

17. 32 1969 :
,
, , 31,
,
31:
() ,

(b) , .

18.
1969 1 , 31 32
.
,
31 1969
.
,

,
( . 1066 . 219220 [Yrbk. ILC (1966), ii. 219220]).
3. 1

19. ,
, , 1 ,
,
, <...>. , , ,
, .

.
III, . 260 [Collected Edition of the Travaux Prparatoires2
of the European Convention on Human Rights. Vol. III, p. 260]:
, , ,
-. ,

. ,
,
, , -, ,
.

, 2
.

20.
1 25 1950 .
:
,
, ,
,
[] .

21. travaux prparatoires , 1 , ,


, , (
),
25 1950 . (
. VI, . 132).
4.
1948

22. 2 :

, ,

, 174 (II). 34 -, .
. ( ).

, travaux prparatoires (.) ( ).

12 2008

, , ,
.

23. ( 109/99,
10.951,
[Coard et al. v. the United States], 29 1999 ., 37, 39, 41 43)

,
. :
,
, ,
.


, , , . <>
,
,
, . ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
, . ,
, , ,
,
.

24. 1 , ,
:
, , , ,

- <>.
5.
1949

25. 1 ( 1949 ) , .
6.
1966 1966

26. 1 2 1966 ( )
:




, <...>.

1950
1 2
.
1952 1963 .
- .
27. 1
1966 :
,
,
, ,
- - ,
<...>.


28. ,
23
1999 ., :
2 ( ), 10 (
) 13 ( ).

29. 2, 10
13
. ,
,
.

; - , ,
.
30.
,
ratione loci1, -
-,
,
, .
, - , ,
,
, .
31. - .
,
ratione personae2, -
1 . -

Ratione loci (.) , ; , ,


, . ,
( ).

Ratione personae (.) , , .


, ( ).

12 2008


, 1,
, , , ,
,
, ( , 1943 [Monetary
Gold Removed from Rome in 1943],
[ICJ Reports] 1954, . 19,
( ) [Portugal v. Australia (the East
Timor case)],
[ICJ Reports] 1995, . 90).
32. , -, , , ,
-.
.
33. , , ,
,
,
1 35 .
A. ,
-
1
34. - ,
. 1 :

, I .
1. -,

35. - ,
,

ratione personae.
36. ,
- ,

. ,
,
, , -
.
, ,
,
.
37. - ,

, ,
1

, ,
- , ,
.
- [Issa and Others v. Turkey] (
30 2000 .,
31821/96, )
[calan v. Turkey] (
14 2000 ., 46221/99,
) , -,
.
[Xhavara and Others v. Italy and
Albania] (
11 2001 ., 39473/98, ),

35 ,
- . - ,
travaux prparatoires

. - ,
,

15
.
38. -
, , ,

.
39. , -
1 , ,
, 1 , .
40. -, - ,
1 . ,
-
, ,
1 1949 (
, 25).
, ,
,
1 .
41. -, ,
15 1 15
-.
- , ,
, 15
, 2 15
,

, ,
1943 , , ,
( ).

12 2008


. , 2 15
1
, .
42. , ,
,
, - , ,
,
,
, , (. 23 1995 .
[Loizidou v. Turkey], ,
310 ( -);
18 1996 .
[Loizidou v. Turkey] ( 26) ( ), [Reports of Judgments and
Decisions] 1996-VI;
[Cyprus
v. Turkey] ( 25781/94),
[ECHR]
2001). - ,

,
.
43. -, -

,
. - ,
, , - , , .

-
. ,
,

,
- , , , ,

. ,
-,

,
, 15
. , , , , ( ).
44. - 1 ,
.
, -
, , ,
,

10

12 2008


,
.
- ,
[Soering v. the United Kingdom] (
7 1989 .,
, 161) .
-
, -;
,
.
45. , - ,

-

ratione personae.
2. ,

46. , ratione loci, -


. , ,
,
(
- ) ,
1

. ,
1
,

, .
47. , ,

,
,
.
-
, ( ),

,
.
48. , ,
, , ,
,
,

[Ilacu v. Moldova
and the Russian Federation] (
4 2001 ., 48787/99,
). ,

(


, . , 23 ).
, ,
1 2
1 .
49. ,
, 15. ,
15 ,

. , 15 ,
.
50. - travaux
prparatoires, , travaux prparatoires
, 1 .
, ,
, , -,
, travaux prparatoires.
51. -
, 1
.
, -
. ,
- . , ,
,
.

, , -
- , -
.
,
, .
52. , ,
- ,
,
.
(
),
1 .
, ,
, .
,
.
53. , ,

, -.
, ,
.

3. ,

54. ,
- ,
( ).
, ,
, ,
( 26
1992 . [Drozd and Janousek v. France and Spain], A,
240, 91; - , 64
56 )
, 80).
(a)
55. ,
, 1969 ( 21 1975 .
[Golder v. the United Kingdom],
A, 18, 29).
56.
,
(. 1 31
1969 , ,
18 1986 .
,
A, 112, 51). ,
( b 3 31 1969

( -), 73).
57. , 3 31
1969 ,
, . ,
, ,
.
,
, , ,
,
(
( ), 43 52).
, , ,
( -
[Al-Adsani v. the United
Kingdom] ( 35763), 60,

[ECHR] 2001).
58. , travaux prparatoires ,
- , 31
12 2008

11


1969 , , , 31
1969 ,
( 32
1969 ).

, 31 32 (
, 1618 ).
(b)
59. , 1 ,
,
.
, ( ,
, , ,
, ), ,
(Frederick A.
Mann, The Doctrine of Jurisdiction in International Law,
RdC, 1964, Vol. 1 [ .
.
. 1964. 1]; Frederick
A. Mann, The Doctrine of Jurisdiction in International Law,
Twenty Years Later, RdC, 1984, Vol. 1 [ .
,
.
. 1984. 1]; Rudolf Bernhardt,
Encyclopaedia of Public International Law, Edition 1997, Vol.
3, pp. 5559 Jurisdiction of States; Edition 1995, Vol. 2, pp.
337343 Extra-territorial Effects of Administrative, Judicial
and Legislative Acts [ .
. 1997 .
3, . 5559, ; 1995 . 2, . 337343, ,
]; Oppenheims International Law, 9th Edition 1992
(Jennings and Watts), Vol. 1, 137 [
. 9- . 1992.
. 1, 137]; P.M. Dupuy, Droit International
Public, 4th Edition 1998, p. 61 [ .M.
. 4- . 1998. . 61]; Ian Brownlie,
Principles of International Law, 5th Edition 1998, pp. 287, 301
and 312314 [ .
. 5- . 1998. . 287, 301 312314]).
60. , ,

(Rosalyn Higgins, Problems and
Process (1994), at p. 73 [ . . 1994. . 73]; Nguyen Quoc Dinh, Droit International
Public, 6th Edition 1999 (Daillier and Pellet), p. 500 [

12

. . 6- .
1999. . . 500]). ,
,
, ,
, ,
( . . . 3, . 59
2, . 338340; .
. . 137; .M. . . . 6465; . . . . 313; Antonio Cassese, International
Law, 2001, p. 89 [ . . 2001, . 89]; Report on the
Preferential Treatment of National Minorities by their KinStates adopted by the Venice Commission at its 48th Plenary
Meeting, Venice, 1920 October 2001 [
,
1 48- , . ,
1920 2001 .]).
61. , 1

,

(., mutatis
mutandis2 ,

, 1990 , . 830 [Select
Committee of Experts on Extraterritorial Criminal Jurisdiction,
European Committee on Crime Problems, Council of Europe,
Extraterritorial Criminal Jurisdiction, Report]).
62. ,


- , .
,

(
, ), ,

1 , 15 .
3
(-
),
,
, 15
, , . ,
15
,
1 .

, , , 1990 . , , ,
. , , .
, -
, ( ).

Mutatis mutandis (.) ( ).

26 2001 ., . ,
5 1992 . .

12 2008


63. ,
travaux prparatoires, ,
,
, , ,
,
(. , 19 ).
64. ,
,
. (,

, 102;
22 1981 .
[Dudgeon v. the United
Kingdom], A, 45;
22 1997 . X, Y Z [X, Y and Z v. the United Kingdom],
1997-II; V.
[V. v. the United Kingdom] ( 24888/94), 72,
[ECHR] 1999-IX;
[Matthews v. the United Kingdom] (
24833/94), 39, [ECHR] 1999-I),
25 46 ,
, ,
(

( -), 71).
, 25 46

, ,
,

25 46 ,
,
.
65. 1

,

,

( -). , travaux
prparatoires, , 1 ,
. ,
1 travaux prparatoires, travaux
prparatoires ;
1 ,
( 32 1969 ).

66. , :
1 .
, , , (reconnoitre )
,
. ,
, ,
.

(c) ,
67.
, , ,
,

1 .
68.
,
- (
( -), 62), ,

2 () 3 (, , 5 () 6 )

(

, 91;
20 1991 .
[Cruz Varas and Others v. Sweden], A,
201, 69 70; 30 1991 . [Vilvarajah and Others v.
the United Kingdom], A, 215, 103).
,
- ,
,
;

(. - , 39).
69. , , 62
( -),
, ,
,
,
,
( )
(),
(
12 2008

13


, 91). -
, ,
,
; ,
-.
70. ,
( -)
, , ,
, (
)
, . ,

, ( -)
. , , ,

1 .
, ,
,
( ). ,
, , . ,
.
, ,
, 1 .
,
, ,
.

,

,
,
, . ,
1
, , .
71.
,
: , -
, ,
,
, .
72. , ,
1

14

, ,
(
9 2000 .
[McElhinney v. Ireland and the
United Kingdom] ( 31253/96), . 7, ). :
6
<...>,
, ,


6 <...>.
,
,
1 , ,
,
1 .

73. , ,

, .

.
(d)
-?
74. , -
,

1 ,

1 .
,
,
.
75.
, , .
,
1 , . - ,
- , 1 . ,
, , ,
,

1 .
- , 1
.

, .
,
. .
( ).

12 2008


, ,
. , 1
,

, I ; ,
19 . , 1
,
. , ,
, 1 1949 (. ,
25 ).
, , , ,
,
, ,
.
,
, -.
76. -,
,
- ,
. ,
, ,
.
77. -, ,
.
,
, 68 .
78. -,

, , ,

(. , 48 ).
, 2
1948 ,

(. , 23 ), . ,
1 2 1966 (.
, 26 ), 1950
; ,
1


( ) -
,
1966 ,
1 1966 (.
, 27 ). ,
1 1978 (. , 24 )
, 1
,
-
.
79. - , , , -,

[ordre public]
.
80.
,
; ,
19 , ,
,
(
(
-), 93).
,
-
, , , 19
,
.
, ( 78)

. , -,
:
, ,
,
,
.
, , , 56 1,
[espace juridique] . ,
. , , .

,
,
,
.
81. , , ,

1 56 - , ,
.

12 2008

15




.
,
.
-
;
.



, ;
,
.
,
, ,
;

. ,

1
, .
4.

82. ,
-
, , -. ,
,

.

B.

83.
,

.
-
, ; 1 35 ;
,
, 1943 .
C.
84.
, ,

, .
85. , ,
3 4 35 .


.
,
-

.
.

16

12 2008