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Solution manual

of

Thermodynamics
By hipolito STa. maria

Answered by:

Unknown

Chapter 2
1). Assuming that there are no heat effects and no frictional
effects, find the kinetic energy and speed of a 3220-lb body after
it falls 778 ft from rest. Start with the steady flow equation,
deleting energy terms which are irrelevant.

Solution:
No heat transfer; Q=0

h=778 ft

kE=?

No enthalpy; H=0

m=3220-lb

V=?

PE=KE

V=224ft/s

2. A reciprocating compressor draws in 500 cubic feet per minute of


air whose density is 0.079 lb/cu.ft and discharges it with a density of
0.304 lb/cu.ft. At the suction, p1= 15 psia; at discharge, p2= 80 psia. The
increase in the specific internal energy is 33.8 Btu/lb and the heat
transferred from the air by cooling is 13 Btu/lb. Determine the work
on the air in Btu/min and in hp. Neglect change in kinetic energy.

Solution:

W = - 2384.378 BTU/min

W= 56.235 hp

3. Steam enters a turbine with an enthalpy of 1292 Btu/lb and leaves


with an enthalpy of 1098 Btu/lb. The transferred heat is 13 Btu/lb.
What is the work in Btu/min and in hp for a flow of 2lb/sec?

Solution:

W= 512.264 hp

W= 21719.994 BTU/min

4. A thermodynamic steady flow system receives 4.56 kg per min of a


fluid where p1=137.90 kPa, v1=0.0388 m3/kg, 1=122 m/s, and u1=17.16
kJ/kg. The fluid leaves the system at a boundary where p 2=551.6 kPa,
v2=0.193 m3/kg, 2=183 m/s and u2=52.80 kJ/kg. During the passage
through the system the fluid receives 3000 J/s of heat. Determine
the work.

Solution:

W= - 486 kJ/min

5. Air flows steadily at the rate of 0.5 kg/s through an air compressor,
entering at 7 m/s speed, 100 kPa pressure and 0.95 m3/kg specific
volume, and leaving at 5 m/s, 700 kPa, and 0.19 m 3/kg. The internal
energy of the air leaving is 90 kJ/kg greater than that of the air
entering. Cooling water in the compressor jackets absorbs heat from
the air at the rate of 58 kW. Compute the work in kW.

Solution:

W= - 122 kW

6. In a steady flow apparatus, 135 kJ of work is done by each kg of


fluid. The specific volume of the fluid, pressure, and speed at the inlet
are 0.37 m3/kg, 600 kPa, and 16 m/s. The inlet is 32 m above the floor,
and the discharge pipe is at the floor level. The discharge conditions
are 0.62m3/kg, 100 kPa, and 270 m/s. The total heat loss between the
inlet and discharge is 9 kJ/kg of fluid. In flowing through this
apparatus, does the specific internal energy increase or decrease, and
by how much?

Solution:

7. Steam enters a turbine stage with an enthalpy of 3628 kJ/kg at


70 m/s and leaves the same stage with an enthalpy of 2846 kJ/kg
and a velocity of 124 m/s. Calculate the work done by the steam.

Solution:

W= -776.762 kJ/kg