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Possessive adjectives (my, your, their, etc)

French II
Let's start with the possessive adjectives (les adjectifs possessifs). In French, they agree with the
noun they precede. In the plural from, there is no difference between masculine and feminine. Mon,
ton, son are used in front of feminine words which begin with a vowel.

Masculine

Feminine

Plural

my

mon

ma

mes

your

ton

ta

tes

his, her, its son

sa

ses

our

notre

notre

nos

your

votre

votre

vos

their

leur

leur

leurs

Examples:

Mon pre fait du bruit.


My father makes noise.
Mon amie est trs intrressante.
My girlfriend is very interesting.
Nous avons tes chaussures.
We have your shoes.
Nous aimons leurs enfants.
We love their children.
C'est la veste de Marie ; c'est sa veste.
Its Marie's jacket ; its her jacket.

Belonging to someone or something


English uses 's to indicate that something belongs to someone. French uses de.
Examples:

Ce sont les chaussures de Pierre.


These are Pierre's shoes.

Elle est la soeur de Jean.


She is Jean's sister.
Please note that de + le = du. For example:

Le chat de la dame
The lady's cat

Le chat (de le) du garon


The boy's cat
If the noun begins with a vowel or with a silent h, use de + l'.

Les pieds de l'homme


The man's feet

Possessive pronouns (mine, yours, ...)


Pronouns like mine, yours, etc... agree with the subject in French.

Masculine
plural

Masculine sing. Feminine sing.

Feminine plural

mine

le mien

la mienne

les miens

les miennes

yours

le tien

la tienne

les tiens

les tiennes

his, hers

le sien

la sienne

les siens

les siennes

ours

le notre

la notre

les notres

les notres

yours

le votre

la votre

les votres

les votres

theirs

le leur

la leur

les leurs

les leurs

Examples:

C'est le chat de Mimi ; c'est le sien.


Its Mimi's cat ; its hers.
a cest ta boisson et a cest la mienne.
Thats your drink and this is mine.
Non, ce ne sont pas les miens, ce sont les votres.
Non, those arent mine, theyre yours.
Est-ce que tu as le leur?
Do you have theirs? (one thing)

Exercises
Test yourself!

J'ai

parapluie.

I have their umbrella.


"Les Misrables" est le livre de Martin. C'est

"Les Misrables" is Martins book. It is his.


Ne touche pas ces montres: ce sont

Don't touch these watches: they are mine. Hint: "une montre" (a watch) is feminine.
J'ai
patisseries. (second person, singular)
I have your pastries.

Les cochons sont de chez les voisins. Ce sont

The pigs are from the neighbors place. They are theirs.
Heh ! Ne touchez pas ce gateau: c'est

Hey! Don't touch this cake: its ours. Hint: "un gateau" (a cake) is masculine.
mre nest pas contente aujourdhui.

His/her mother is not happy today.


Hou l, elle est belle cette fille ! Heh, bas les pattes ! C'est

Hoo boy, shes good-looking that girl! Hey, hands off! Shes my sister!
Cest
Sophie l-bas !

Thats Sophies friend over there!


Non, cest

soeur !

mre, tte de nouille ! (info: tte de nouille = noodle head =

goofball)

No, thats her mother, goofball!


J'aime

I like your car.


La bouteille casse est de Chrisophe. Cest

The broken bottle is Christophes. Its his problem.


Nous allons la maison de Sara. Cest

maison.

Were going to Saras house. Its her house.


Tu naimes pas ce manteau? Mais cest

Harry Styles !

You dont like this coat? But its Harry Styles coat!
Le chien noir l-bas, cest
.

The black dog over there, hes ours.


Nous faisons ces petits pains, ce sont

Were making these bread rolls, they are yours.


Elles vont
match ce soir.

Theyre going to our match tonight.


Je suis
enseignant de mathmatiques. (to a group of people)

I am your math teacher.


Ils sont

They are my school friends.


Nous avons cinq grenouilles jaunes. Ce sont

voiture.

problme. (did you figure it out?)

amis de lcole.

We have five yellow frogs. They are ours.

Ils ont

They have their apples in the kitchen.


Il aime
requin.

pommes dans la cuisine.

He loves his shark.


frre est vraiment trs intelligent.

Our brother is really very intelligent.


copines ont beaucoup de bonnes notes.

My girlfriends have a lot of good grades.


Nous allons la maison de notre grandmre. Cest
Were going to our grandmothers house. Its her house.

maison.