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JUNE 2014 / DEFINING TECHNOLOGY FOR EXPLORATION, DRILLING AND PRODUCTION / WorldOil.

com

COMPLETION
TECHNOLOGY
How multi-stage vertical completions are
trumping plug-and-perf in the Permian
EXCLUSIVE: 3D CORE ANALYSIS
3D images reveal validity of digital rock
and fluid analytics

SHALETECH: BAKKEN
Production passes 1 Bbbl, but operators
worry about rapid decline rates, flaring

2014 FLUIDS TABLE


Updated listings of drilling,
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CONTENTS
JUNE 2014 / VOL. 235 NO. 6

44

77

144

SPECIAL FOCUS:

PETROPHYSICAL TECHNOLOGY

COLUMNS

DRILLING AND
WELL COMPLETION
TECHNOLOGY

127

Whats new in well logging


and formation evaluation

First oil

S. Prensky

15

Whats new in exploration

33

Open-hole, multi-stage
verticals surpass conventional
plug-and-perfs in Permian
basin

Drone on

REGULATORY AFFAIRS
135

D. Lohoefer / B. Keener
DJ Snyder / S. Ezeldin
C. Wohleb

44

Were the good guys

While EPA gathers water,


prairie chickens rule the
western U.S.
D. Blackmon

Real-time SAGR LWD improves


Russian well success

SHALETECH: BAKKEN/THREE
FORKS

I. Khanafin / A. Petrov
B. Darmaev

144

17

Drilling advances

19

Whats new in production

No reasoning with the seasons


Production milestones and crude
words

21

Building a global subsea education,


research alliance

23

25

Digital core flow simulations


accelerate evaluation of
multiple recovery scenarios
M. Andersen

SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT:

DRILLING, COMPLETION &


WORKOVER FLUIDS 2014
F91

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
59

Whats new in artificial lift?


J. Woods / J. F. Lea / H. Winkler

GRAVITY & MAGNETICS


77

Integration of towed-streamer
EM data with seismic and well
logs yields total hydrocarbon
volume

DIGITAL/ONLINE EXCLUSIVES
161

Showcasing early-stage oil and


gas applications

163

Vacuum thermal desorption


recovery of drilling fluids from
cuttings

J. Mattsson / F. Engelmark

REGIONAL REPORT: RUSSIA


82

Russias upstream sector


strives for dominance in an
increasingly complex,
global E&P industry
E. M. Khartukov

This exclusive annual


compilation shows trade
names, generic descriptions
recommended usage and
suppliers of more than 3,500
fluids, systems and additives
for drilling, completions and
workovers.

GAS PROCESSING SUPPLEMENT


GP1 Technology and Business
Information for the Global Gas
Processing Industry

Executive viewpoint
Robust oilfield technology planning
system for developing countries

CORE ANALYSIS
50

Oil and gas in the capitals


Carbon Follies: The EUs ETS
example

Decline rate, gas flaring top


hit list of Williston operators
J. Redden

Offshore in depth

27

Innovative thinkers
Schramm: Smarter,
smaller, safer, stronger

158

The last barrel


Norway balances bright prospects
against cost concerns

NEWS AND RESOURCES


9

World of oil and gas

29

Industry at a glance

155

People in the industry

156

Advertisers index

157

Marketplace /
Advertising sales offices

ABOUT THE COVER


Scanning electron microscope traditional greyscale secondary electron and backscattered
electron images can be combined and color
enhanced to highlight important reservoir
characterization features such as the presence
of clays (dark blue-grey), micas (buff), and
nanoscale pyrite framboids (bright light
blue), and the presence and morphology of
micro-and nanoporosity. Image courtesy of
Schlumberger.

World Oil/JUNE 20143

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Editor-in-ChiefPramod Kulkarni
Executive EditorKurt Abraham
News EditorMelanie Cruthirds
Associate EditorRoger Jordan
Contributing Editors
Dayse Abrantes, Brazil
Dr. A. F. Alhajji, Middle East
Eldon Ball, Offshore
Dr. Roger Bezdek, Washington
Ron Bitto, At Large
David Blackmon, Reg. Affairs
Robert Curran, Canada
Don Francis, At Large
Raj Kanwar, South Asia
Ian Lewis, EAME

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Dr. Jeffrey M. Moore, Asia-Pacific
Mauro Nogarin, Latin America
Dr. ystein Noreng, North Sea
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Jim Redden, Drilling
Dr. Jacques Sapir, FSU
Mike Slaton, At Large
Henry Terrell, Production
Russell Wright, At Large

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Forrest A. Garb and Associates
Alexander G. Kemp, Professor of Petroleum Economics, University of Aberdeen
Keith Lynch, Global Completions Chief, ConocoPhillips
Dr. D. Nathan Meehan, Senior Executive Advisor, Baker Hughes
Douglas C. Nester, COO, KOGAS Akkas BV
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Tudor, Pickering, Holt and Co.
John T. Rynd, President and CEO, Hercules Offshore, Inc., and Chairman, National
Ocean Industries Association
Art J. Schroeder, Jr., CEO, Energy Valley, Inc.
Svein Tollefsen, Petroleum Technology Manager, Statoil
Doug Valleau, Director, Unconventional Technology, Hess Corporation
Robert E. (Bob) Warren, President, Baclenna, Inc.
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4JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

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FIRST OIL
PRAMOD KULKARNI, EDITOR

Were the good guys


Im proud to be a part of the industry
that is energizing the world and bettering
lives. Susan Cunningham, Senior Vice
President, Exploration and Business Innovation, Noble Energy.
All of us in the oil and gas industry
should be as proud as Susan Cunningham
for the truly noble work that our industry
has performed for more than 150 years,
to provide energy for the world. Sustaining this positive feeling is increasingly hard
these days, when the industry is under assault from misguided environmentalists
of all stripes. Our industry is portrayed as
a dirty fossil fuel producer that is polluting
the land, waterways and the skies.
Obama administration. For the last six
years, President Barack Obamas administration has made no effort to mask its contempt for the coal and oil and gas industries.
The shale oil and gas revolution, which has
made a significant contribution to the recovery of the U.S. economy, occurred on
private lands, in spite of the Obama administration. The six-month moratorium after
the Gulf spill was an unnecessary setback
to the offshore oil and gas industry. The
stringent wellbore integrity and spill containment requirements could have been
imposed, as they were developed. The latest assault is the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) mandate to reduce
GHGs from powerplants 30% from 2005
levels, by 2030. This reduction is already
taking place through the steady substitution of coal powerplants by natural gasdriven electricity generation. Therefore,
the EPAs executive mandate appears to be
political grandstanding at its worst.
Greenpeace disruptions. One of the
leading environmental groups has embarked on childish behavior by boarding
drilling rigs that are about to launch Arctic
drilling operations. In September 2013,
Greenpeace activists boarded a Gazprom
rig about to start drilling at its Prirazlomnoye field and were promptly arrested
by the Russian Coast Guard. In late May,
Greenpeace undertook a similar offensive
against a Statoil rig bound for the Barents

Sea and had to be forcibly evicted by the


Norwegian Coast Guard. The oil and gas
industry understands the risks of drilling
in the Arctic and is chastened by the environmental and economic damage caused
by the Gulf spill. The cause of environmental protection would be better served
if Greenpeace participates with the oil and
gas industry in a collaborative, scientific effort to allow safe economic activity in fragile environments.
Disinvestment in fossil fuel industries. Another environmental folly is the
Divest Harvard campus organization that
is campaigning for the university to immediately freeze any new investments in
fossil fuel companies, immediately divest
direct holdings from the top 200 publicly
traded fossil fuel companies, and divest
indirect holdings in the top 200 fossil fuel
companies within five years. Harvard
President Drew Faust made an appropriate response: Given our pervasive dependence on these companies for the energy
to heat and light our buildings, to fuel our
transportation, and to run our computers
and appliances, it is hard for me to reconcile that reliance with a refusal to countenance any relationship with these companies through our investments.
Economic revolutions. The coal industry was responsible for the industrial revolution that began in the 19th century. The
transportation revolution in the 20th century could not have been possible without
the oil and gas industry. Additional benefits
of petroleum products include fertilizer to
grow crops, heating and air conditioning to
support population growth throughout the
world, and synthetic materials for a wide array of industrial and consumer products.
Those of us in the energy industry
understand the need to reduce GHGs.
Were working every day to reduce the
environmental impact of our E&P activities. Meanwhile, Divest Harvard students need to understand that without
fossil fuels, they would have had to abandon their ivory towers to gather wood to
feed their families.

IN THIS ISSUE

33

Completion
technology
advances. The Permian basin

unconventional trend consists of several stacked pay zones. While horizontal


completions in these shale layers are in
the initial stages, operators are successfully exploiting the reserves through vertical wells. An article by Eagle Oil & Gas
and Packers Plus authors explains how
open-hole, multi-stage completions are
a superior long-term solution for vertical
wells in a stacked pay compared to the
cemented liner, plug-and-perf method.

50

Digital core flow simulations are now able to replicate familiar lab results. An article by a

Schlumberger author details the 3D digital rock modeling techniques that are now
allowing operators to dramatically shorten traditional core analysis cycle times.
This explanation is best achieved through
the presentation of 3D digital core images. Consequently, World Oil is pleased
to present its first 3D-in-print article. 3D
glasses are attached with the article for
your viewing pleasure.

82

Regional Report: Russia.

As the worlds leading oil producer, as well as second-largest in natural gas output, Russias E&P industry
commands attention. Yet, the takeover
of Crimea, plus separatist activity in
eastern Ukraine, has sharpened the focus on this key sector. While state firm
Gazprom demands back payments of up
to $2.24 billion from the Ukrainian government, Western nations have slapped
economic sanctions against Russian officials. Consequently, Russia is opening
up markets to the east. Our regional
report by Contributing Editor Eugene
Khartukov delves into Russias massive
conventional E&P activity and potential
shale opportunities.

World Oil/JUNE 20147

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WORLD OF OIL AND GAS


MELANIE CRUTHIRDS, NEWS EDITOR

DISCOVERIES /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
Statoil hits oil, gas southwest of Johan Castberg
Statoil, operator of production license
532, has completed the drilling
of wildcat well 7220/7-3 S, in the
Barents Sea, about 15 km southwest
of the 7220/8-1 Johan Castberg
discovery, and 230 km northwest of
Hammerfest. The well encountered
a 68-m gross gas column in the St
formation, and an 86-m gross oil
column in the St and Nordmela
formations. Preliminary calculations
of the discovery size are between 7
MMcm and 10 MMcm of recoverable
oil equivalents. The well was not
formation-tested, but extensive data
acquisition and sampling were carried
out, said Statoil. The discovery will
be considered for tie-in to Johan
Castberg field. The well was drilled
to a vertical depth of 2,029 m, and
was terminated in the Fruholmen
formation from the Late Triassic
Age, at a water depth of 345 m. Well
7220/7-3 S was drilled by the West Hercules semisubmersible, which is moving on to assignments outside
the Norwegian Continental Shelf. Photo credit: Ole Jrgen Bratland/Statoil.

Eni appraises Agulha


discovery in Mozambique

Exxon Mobil discovers oil and gas


in Argentine shale well

Eni has successfully executed the appraisal


campaign for its Agulha discovery, in Area 4
offshore Mozambique. The delineation was
carried out through the Agulha 2 well, which
was drilled in a 2,603-m water depth and
reached a TD of 5,645 m. The well is in the
southern part of the Area 4 Block, approximately 12 km south of the Agulha 1 discovery
well and 80 km off the Cabo Delgado coast.
Agulha 2, which is the 12th well drilled
successfully in Area 4, proved about 25 m
of gas column in good-quality Paleocene
reservoir sandstones, and confirmed the
fields southern extension. Eni said it is
considering further exploration drilling in the
southern part of Area 4 after Agulha 2. Total
resources discovered in Area 4 are estimated
at approximately 85 Tcf of gas-in-place.

Exxon Mobil reported that its affiliate, ExxonMobil


Exploration Argentina, jointly with Gas y Petroleo del
Neuquen, has discovered oil and gas in an unconventional
shale well in Neuquen Province. Found in the liquids-rich
area of the Vaca Muerta play, the Bajo del Choique X-2
well was drilled to a TMD of approximately 15,000 ft. The
wells horizontal leg extends for 3,280 ft. The well was
completed in the Vaca Muerta formation, and flowed at an
average 770 bopd on a 1264-in. choke in its first flow test.
Data analysis and additional studies are being conducted
to fully evaluate this discovery. Appraisal wells will also
need to be drilled before a commerciality decision can be
made, said the operator. This is the first Exxon Mobiloperated discovery in the Vaca Muerta play, according to
Exxon Mobil Exploration Company President Stephen M.
Greenlee. Exxon Mobil is operator and holds an 85% working interest in the Bajo del Choique Block. Gas y Petroleo
del Neuquen holds 15% interest.

Apache hits two


discoveries on
Egyptian acreage

Apache has struck two hydrocarbon discoveries on its plot of


6.8 million gross acres in Egypts
Western Desert. The Herunefer-1X
discovery, in the Matruh basin
within the eastern portion of
the Khalda Offset Concession,
encountered pay in the Alamein,
Alam El Buieb-6 (AEB), Masajid,
Upper Safa and Lower Safa formations. Tests from the Lower Safa
and Upper Safa intervals flowed
at a combined rate of 49 MMcfgd
and 7,700 bcpd. Estimated cost to
drill and complete the well was $6
million. The BAT-1X discovery, in
the northern Shushan basin of the
Khepri-Sethos Development Lease,
tested at a rate of 31 MMcfgd and
390 bcpd from a thick Paleozoic
Shiffah sandstone interval. The
well, which was drilled to a TD of
15,555 ft, also encountered pay in
the Cretaceous Upper Bahariya,
Lower Bahariya, Alamein, AEB-3C
and AEB-3D formations. Estimated
cost to drill and complete the well
was $5.25 million. Both discoveries
were drilled by Khalda Petroleum
Company, an Apache-operated JV
with Egyptian General Petroleum
Company. Apache plans to drill
several trend exploration wells in
2014. Alternatives for delivering
production to market are under
evaluation. Photo courtesy of
Apache Corporation.

ACQUISITIONS ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
Shell to sell Eagle Ford acreage to Sanchez
Energy for $639 million

IGas to purchase Dart, create


UK national energy champion

Shell announced on May 21 that it has agreed to sell its 100% working interest in
approximately 106,000 net acres in Dimmit, LaSalle and Webb Counties, Texas, to
Sanchez Energy Corporation for approximately $639 million, subject to closing. The
sale includes approximately 176 operated producing wells, and associated field facilities
and infrastructure. Net production in first-quarter 2014 was approximately 24,000
boed, of which about 60% were crude and NGLs. The acreage holds 60 MMboe of
total proved reserves. The agreement is effective Jan. 1, and is expected to close at
the end of the second quarter of this year. Shell said that the transaction is part of the
restructuring of its North American resource play (shale oil and gas) portfolio, to focus
on acreage positions that can reach the scale required by the company. For Sanchez
Energy, the additional acreage is expected to bring the companys total position in
the Eagle Ford to approximately 226,000 acres, with up to 3,000 potential drilling
locations and average first-quarter 2014 pro forma production of about 42,800 boed,
according to the buyer.

IGas Energy and Dart Energy Limited announced that


they have reached an agreement, whereby IGas will
acquire Dart for an estimated $195 million. This acquisition will result in an onshore UK oil and gas company
with the largest acreage under license in the country,
totaling more than 1 million net acres, including plots in
major shale basins. Dart has canceled its planned listing
on the AIM Market of the London Stock Exchange.
According to the two company boards, the financially
strengthened group is complemented by a work
program for 13 licenses funded by GDF Suez, and two
funded by Total E&P UK. The new entity will possess
a team of more than 200 staff members, including
subsurface, drilling, commercial and legal experts.
World Oil/JUNE 20149

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WORLD OF OIL AND GAS


MELANIE CRUTHIRDS, NEWS EDITOR

ONYX 360

ROLLING PDC CUTTER

PRODUCTION //////////////////////////////////////////////
Petrobras produces rst oil from new well at Lula

Exxon Mobil ships rst


cargo from PNG LNG

AWE to start production at


New Zealand well in 2015

Exxon Mobil said that it shipped the first cargo


from its $19-billion Papua New Guinea LNG
project, where it began production in April. PNG
LNG, operated by affiliate Exxon Mobil PNG
Limited, is expected to produce more than 9 Tcf
of gas over its estimated 30 years of operations.
The first cargo is bound for LNG customer
Tokyo Electric Power Co. Inc. (TEPCO) in Japan.
Production from the first train started in late
April, and production from the second train has
also begun, as additional wells come online.

Australian E&P company AWE reported


that its Pateke-4H development well was
completed successfully and suspended for
production at a later date. Output from
Pateke-4H is planned for first-half 2015. This
will follow installation and commissioning of
a subsea flowline and ancillary control equipment, connecting the well to the Tui field
gathering system. This work is scheduled to
commence in first-quarter 2015. Preparations
are being made to relocate the Kan Tan IV rig.

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Petrobras began production from well 7-LL-22D-RJS in the


Santos basins pre-salt Lula field (Lula NE Pilot area) on
May 9. The well, with a reported potential of 26,000 bopd,
is connected to FPSO Cidade de Paraty via a new platform
connection system deployed for the first time at Lula. Using
this system, the production riser section is supported by a
submerged buoy at a water depth of 240 m; the wellhead is
at a water depth of 2,130 m. During 2014, six more wells will
be connected to the platform (four production wells and two
injectors) using the riser support buoy (RSB) system, ramping up the FPSO to its full production capacity of 120,000
bopd in third-quarter 2014. According to Petrobras, when
deployed, the RSB will be immune to platform movements,
meaning that rigid steel pipes (steel catenary risers) can be
used in some parts of the ultra-deepwater project. Subsea 7
built and deployed the system. Photo courtesy of Petrobras
News Agency.

ONYX 360 PDC cutter wear (left)


compared with the wear of a
conventional fixed cutter (right).

EXPLORATION /////////////////////////////////////////////
Inpex granted Tullow nds no oil in Gotama Prospect
block offshore offshore Norway
Western
Tullow Oil has
Australia
announced that
Inpex reported that its
subsidiary, Inpex Browse
E&P, has been granted
Release Area WA-502-P
as an exploration permit,
following the 2013
Australian Offshore
Petroleum Acreage
Release. Inpex Browse
will hold a 40% participating interest in the
block, while Santos will
hold a 60% participating
interest as the operator.
The block will constitute
Inpexs 10th exploration
permit near the Ichthys
gas-condensate field.

exploration well
31/2-21S, which was
targeting the Gotama
prospect offshore
Norway, did not
encounter reservoir
quality sandstones
in the Upper Jurassic
main target. The well
encountered reservoir
quality sandstones in
the secondary targets,
but these intervals
were water-wet. The 31/2-21S wildcat was the first exploration well
in the 550 license, and was targeting sandstone reservoirs in the
Upper Jurassic Draupne formation as the main target, and additional
sandstone targets in the Middle Jurassic Sognefjord formation and
Brent group. Photo courtesy of Tullow Oil.

Total, Lukoil create JV for tight oil in Western Siberia


Total signed an agreement with Lukoil on May 23 to create a JV to explore and develop the
Bazhenov tight oil plays potential in Western Siberia. Total will hold 49% of the JV, and Lukoil
will hold 51%. The JV will assess the technical feasibility of developing the Bazhenov formations tight oil potential, initially on four licenses covering an area of 2,700 sq km in the KhantyMansi Autonomous District. Seismic acquisition will start in 2014, and exploration drilling will
follow in 2015.

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formation, increasing bit durability. In abrasive
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PDC bits that had ONYX 360 cutters placed
in the highest wear areas of their cutting
structures drilled 44% faster and up to 57%
farther than bits with only fixed cutters.

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WORLD OF OIL AND GAS


MELANIE CRUTHIRDS, NEWS EDITOR

BUSINESS /////////////////////////////////////////////////
Aker Solutions
to split, build on
subsea business
Aker Solutions has said it will split
into two companies, to speed up
a streamlining process aiming to
reduce costs and better position
all parts of the group to meet the
needs of customers. The Subsea,
Umbilicals, Engineering and
Maintenance, and Modifications and
Operations (MMO) areas will form
a new company under the Aker
Solutions name. The other units
will be developed independently as
part of a new oil services investment company, named Akastor.

Lukoil, Bashneft form JV aimed


at Nenets Autonomous District
JSOC Bashneft and OJSC Lukoil have established a new
JV, LLC Vostok NAO Oil Company, to conduct geological
exploration and prospecting, and produce hydrocarbons,
at the companies license areas in the Nenets Autonomous
District. The JV, whose members, JSOC Bashneft and LLC
Lukoil-Komi, have equal stakes, has been registered in
the Nenets Autonomous District. In accordance with the
agreement of members, Bashneft will transfer the subsoil
licenses for the Vostochno-Padimeyskiy, Nyarioyakhskiy,
Savatinskiy, Sabriyaginskiy and Yangareyskiy license areas
to the JV, while LLC Lukoil-Komi will transfer the rights for
the Verkhneyangareyskiy and Severo-Yareyaginskiy license
areas. The founders of Vostok NAO are conducting geological exploration at the above-mentioned areas under license
agreements. Exploration drilling is scheduled to begin in 2016.

Chesapeake to spin off its oileld services business


As announced previously on Feb. 24, Chesapeake is pursuing strategic alternatives for its oilfield
services business, which is conducted through a wholly-owned subsidiary, Chesapeake Oilfield
Operating, L.L.C. (COO). The company announced May 16 that it intends to proceed with a spin-off
of the subsidiary. COO will convert into a corporation, and will change its name to Seventy Seven
Energy Inc. The spin-off and recapitalization transactions are expected to be completed by June 30.

Rosneft, Exxon Mobil extend Far East LNG agreement


Rosneft and Exxon Mobil have signed an agreement to extend the existing strategic agreement on
implementation of the Far East LNG project. Work to progress engineering surveys onshore and
offshore is scheduled for the summer of 2014. Conceptual design development has been completed,
characteristics have been defined, and potential sites for the LNG plant facilities have been agreed
upon, as well as the design on gas liquefaction technology, as part of the initial design stage.
Preparations for the second design stage have also been carried out.

GOVERNMENT/REGULATORY ///////////////////////////////
Cuadrilla seeks approval to move UK shale plans
forward at two proposed sites
Following extensive public consultation, Cuadrilla Resources
has submitted a planning application to the Lancashire
County Council to drill, hydraulically fracture and test the
flow of gas from up to four exploration wells, at its proposed
exploration site at Preston New Road. Once the planning
application for the site in northwestern England has been
validated by the council, it is anticipated that the application
will be decided within a 16-week determination period. Plans
will also be submitted to install a network of seismic monitoring stations within a 4-km radius of the proposed exploration site. As part of the process, planning
and environmental consultants at Arup have produced a detailed Environmental Impact Assessment
(EIA) that will accompany the planning application, Cuadrilla said. A separate planning application
for a second proposed exploration site, at Roseacre Wood, was also to be submitted to the council,
following the Preston New Road application. Photo courtesy of Cuadrilla Resources.

BP to seek U.S. Supreme Court review of apparently


unconnected compensation claims
BP said it will seek review by the U.S. Supreme Court of the decisions made by the Fifth Circuit
relating to the compensation of claims for losses with no apparent connection to the Deepwater
Horizon spill in 2010. The operator said it will ask the Fifth Circuit not to issue its mandate until
the Supreme Court has considered the matter. Suspension of the mandate would keep the stay
of business economic loss payments in place during that time, according to the announcement.
BPs decision to seek higher review follows the Fifth Circuits denial of BPs request for a rehearing.
According to BP, if the Fifth Circuits erroneous ruling were allowed to stand, it would fundamentally redefine the prerequisites for class membership, which is an issue at hand in this case. That,
in turn, will surely alter the calculus for companies in determining whether to enter into class action
settlements or engage in protracted litigation that would delay compensation for true victims, BP
continued in a statement.

Sept. 1617, 2014


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WHATS NEW IN EXPLORATION


DR. WILLIAM J. PIKE, EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD CHAIRMAN

Drone on
The world is awash these days with
news of drones. Some of that news focuses
on drones (or unmanned aerial vehicles
[UAV]) used by the military, either to
good cause or with fatal, unintended consequences. Much of the news deals with
the use of drones for non-military surveillance, with considerable grinding of teeth
about the potential of unmanned surveillance craft to compromise, or eliminate,
our personal privacy. The discussion will
only get more heated, as thousands of
drones overfly almost every square mile of
earthly terrain in the coming years.
Some of those drones flying overhead
will not be spying on you but on the geology under your feet. Drone-deployed
geophysical equipment is already being deployed in several places in the world. The
benefits are obvious. Drones are smaller,
less capital-intensive (standard models
can average about $16,000, each), cheaper
to operate and, being unmanned, pose no
danger to a pilot and crew. In addition, the
UAV setups have higher resolution and accuracy compared to manned aircraft, due
to the fact that the UAV can fly with much
smaller ground clearance. They also can fly
over only the area of interest.
While drones may be some way off
from acquiring actual full seismic data,
they can deploy magnetic, electromagnetic, infrared, radar and natural gamma ray
sensors. These tools, along with surface examination of exposed formations and electromagnetic surveys, are yielding results
from the North Sea to Australia.
In the North Sea, researchers from the
University of Aberdeen in Scotland, and
the University of Bergen in Norway, are
extrapolating subsea formations from exposed cliff face formations. Using eight-rotor drones (octocopters) fitted with cameras, the project, called SAFARI, generates
3D models of the cliff faces to help identify
potential reservoir and seal rocks.
On the other side of the world, Australian company Shift Geophysics is
studying the viability of drone-deployed
electromagnetic surveys, following on

their use of airships (blimps) for the same


work. A recent study, presented by Shifts
Adam Kroll at the 23rd International
Geophysical Conference and Exhibition,
Aug. 1113, 2013, raises as many questions as it answers.
According to the Shift study, data quality can be affected, either positively or
negatively, depending on the type of UAV
used for the type of geophysical acquisition. Magnetic data is negatively affected
by permanent, induced eddy current fields,
high-frequency electromagnetic noise and
microphone noise generated from the airborne platform. And, data quality will be
significantly impacted by the type of sensor
used. Fluxgate magnetometers, preferred
due to payload size and weight restrictions,
are more susceptible to attitude changes
than cesium vapour magnetometers.
An unmanned vehicle of any sort improves safety by eliminating an onboard
operator/pilot. As Kroll notes, The International Airborne Geophysics Society
Associations (IAGSA) published statistics
TGS Geophysical winged drone.

Versadrones Heavylift octocopter capable


of carrying up to 4 kg payload. Photo
credit: HexCam Aerial Photography.

have attributed 1.75 fatalities per 100,000


flight hr, due to airborne geophysics operations. With no personnel on board, that
figure falls to zero. And, the UAV can fly for
a much longer period of time without limitations about how long an onboard pilot
may fly without relief.
Without personnel on board, however,
the UAV is still an airborne missile capable
of inflicting damage and/or death, should
it fall from the sky. Therefore, operators
should be diligent in determining that the
UAV is well-maintained and has the requisite, and redundant, equipment to maintain course and altitude.
Drones are relatively new and not wellincorporated with differing aviation regulations of various countries. Western countries have generally put into place basic
regulations for UAV operations, although
most of the regulations are relatively recent. The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration, for example, issued approval for
ConocoPhillips to fly unmanned drones in
U.S. airspace last July. ConocoPhillips will
use the drones for emergency response, oil
spill monitoring and wildlife surveillance.
There is little doubt that the demand for
drone-deployed geophysical surveying will
grow. Its growth, says Kroll, will depend, to
some extent, on potential operators understanding a set of limitations:
Several terrains are not ideally suitable for certain UAV activities, such
as operations near oceans.
UAVs are not as reliable as manned
aircraft, requiring rigorous planning,
maintenance and best-practice safety
systems.
Regulations in many countries do
not allow UAV flights, or require the
operator to ensure that the crew has
certain qualifications.
Regardless of the arguments against
UAV geophysical acquisition, the trend
will build. Its just too cost-effective and
too efficient.

WILLIAM.PIKE@CONTR.NETL.DOE.GOV / Bill Pike has 45 years


experience in the upstream oil and gas industry, and serves as Chairman
of the World Oil Editorial Advisory Board.
World Oil/JUNE 201415

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DRILLING ADVANCES
JIM REDDEN, CONTRIBUTING EDITOR

No reasoning with the seasons


June 1 signaled the start of the dreaded
Atlantic hurricane season and with it, the
likelihood of waiting-on-weather missives
cropping up regularly on daily Gulf of Mexico (GOM) drilling reports. While we can
only hope that meteorologists are somewhat on target with their 2014 forecasts
of relatively calm climatic conditions offshore, its been anything but that onshore.
Indeed, an unseasonably bitter winter,
by U.S. standards, was followed by a deadly
rash of tornadoes that slammed across
many E&P theaters in the South and Midwest. As for the winter, the Arctic-like conditions that kept much of the country in a
deep freeze were a double-edged sword, in
that they generated an appreciable spike in
natural gas prices, but at the same time prevented rig and frac crews from doing their
jobs. As one who had the opportunity to
visit some drilling locations in Nizhnevartovsk, Western Siberia, in the dead of winter, the notion of working on a rig floor under those conditions runs contrary to my
more tropically inclined sensibilities.
While operators in perennially windswept North Dakota are accustomed to
brutal winters, they say nothing compared to the one just passed. Although
production in the Bakken-Three Forks
shale rebounded impressively, to notch
up a daily record in March, output was
flat in January following an unprecedented decline of 53,226 bopd in December,
reportedly the largest drop since the state
began keeping records.
In what the states chief regulator described as one Arctic clipper after another, a significant portion of North Dakota
experienced its third coldest December
ever, with the abnormally harsh conditions
continuing into the early part of this year.
Reports had the numbing cold freezing
diesel in tanks, while most of January also
saw winds peaking above 35 mph, putting
a further damper on drilling and fracing
operations. The biggest production impact was still the weather, Lynn Helms,
director of the North Dakota Industrial
Commission Department of Mineral Re-

sources (DMR), told Reuters. February


had 18 days with temperatures five-plus
degrees (Fahrenheit) below normal. Add
to that, four days with wind gusts too high
for completion work, and progress is slow.
Remarkably, aggregate production
still managed to hit the one-billion-bbl
landmark this year, but producers said it
could have been significantly higher and
achieved sooner, had the weather cooperated. Onshore operators had no more
thawed out, and returned to business as
usual, when a string of deadly tornadoes
roared across much of the U.S. petroleum
sector between April 27 and 30.
The hardest-hit area was Arkansas Fayetteville shale, where Southwestern Energy
Co. (SWN) is a major player. While the independent says its wellsites made it through
relatively unscathed, many of its employees
were not so lucky. Several in the SWN family have experienced great loss, including
homes destroyed and loved ones lost, CEO
Steve Mueller said during the first-quarter
earnings call. Were heavily involved in
supporting this area with resources for the
Greater Arkansas American Red Cross, to
aid in their relief efforts there.
Calm waters ahead? Getting back
to the offshore, on May 22, the National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) released its annual forecast,
where it predicts near-to-slightly-below
historical activity levels, with up to an expected high of 13 named storms, defined
as packing sustained winds of 39 mph or
higher. But, in the words of Caribbean
crooner Jimmy Buffet, there aint no reasonin with the hurricane season, so the
inexact science that is hurricane forecasting is largely dismissed by drillers, who
continue to prepare for the worst.
Prior to release of the NOAA prediction, private forecasters ImpactWeather
and AccuWeather concurred during a oneday industry symposium in Houston that
all indications point to a relatively mild
five-month hurricane season. Nevertheless, Chris Hebert, ImpactWeathers chief
hurricane forecaster, admitted to the Hous-

ton Chronicle that forecasts mean little to


offshore operators. For the most part, for
the private industry, the forecast is a curiosity. Theres nothing different they do.
No less than seven papers dealing with
ocean storms, and the loop and eddy currents that put many a GOM floater in
time-out, were presented at last months
Offshore Technology Conference (OTC)
in Houston. While most of the papers
dealt with meteorological modeling and
measurements, others focused on operational issues. One such paper, co-authored
by Stress Engineering Services and the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and
Technology, focused on lessons learned
from a 20122013 deepwater drilling campaign in the Nankai Trough off Japan.
The program was conducted from the
Chikyu drillship in 6,361 ft of water, with
surface currents exceeding 3.5 knots. The
authors detailed the operational issues
evaluated, including riser deployment and
retrieval; the landing approach for the BOP
and lower marine riser package (LMRP)
with the vessel drifting; typhoon evacuation plans; hang-off operational criteria;
allowable riser tension range; and riser fatigue measurement with vortex-induced
vibration (VIV) monitoring. The paper
featured general guidelines and associated
criteria for evaluating a drilling riser system
under various inclement conditions.
Stress Engineering and Shell also presented a methodology for monitoring riser
and subsea wellhead fatigue, under the abnormally high surface and subsurface currents intrinsic of the deepwater GOM. The
semi-analytical approach for estimating
wellhead fatigue, by examining BOP stack
motion data, also touched on considerations for vibration mitigation. The methodology was developed during a GOM
drilling program in up to 7,000 ft of water,
with surface and subsurface currents as
high as 5.0 and 1.5 knots, respectively.

JIMREDDEN@SBCGLOBAL.NET / Jim Redden, a Houston-based


consultant and a journalism graduate of Marshall University, has
more than 38 years of experience as a writer, editor and corporate
communicator, primarily on the upstream oil and gas industry.
World Oil/JUNE 201417

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WHATS NEW IN PRODUCTION


HENRY TERRELL, CONTRIBUTING EDITOR

Production milestones and crude words


I was going to lead this months column
with the announcement that North Dakota is now producing a million barrels of
crude per day, except that, as of this writing, its not quite true. According to this
weeks American Petroleum Institute numbers, the Peace Garden State* produced an
estimated 971,000 bopd during April, up
6,000 bopd in one month and up 20,000
bopd in the past year. The upward trajectory of Bakken shale has been relentless, if
not entirely even, and the chances are good
that, by the time you read this, the millionbopd milestone will have been achieved.
All that crude has to move. Transportation of the Bakken oil has mostly kept
up with galloping production, but just.
Historically, the bulk of the oil surge has
been carried by pipelines. At the beginning of 2012, roughly 75% of the oil produced in the region was transported by
pipe, with most of the balance carried by
railcar. Enbridge Energy, the largest owner
and builder of pipelines in the Bakken, has
managed to increase its pipeline capacity in
North Dakota and Montana, doubling the
amount of crude that can be moved out
of the region. Other expansion projects
are planned, including the 225,000-bopd
Sandpiper Pipeline, which will transport
about 20% of the Bakken shales crude oil
production, when its finished in 2016.
Even so, the North Dakota bottleneck is
a persistent, growing problem.
Unfortunately, for the past few years,
pipelines have been the public demon of
the upstream. Major ruptures of pipes,
many of them older than me, have shed an
unflattering light on an infrastructure in serious need of upgrading. Ironically, public
opposition to pipeline construction has
slowed the development of a safer, more
modern system, and put greater pressure
on other forms of transportation, particularly rail. TransCanadas Keystone XL has
taken the brunt of the controversy, but proposed new pipelines in Canada have also
been challenged. (Last fall, British Columbia blocked the proposed Northern Gateway pipeline for environmental reasons.)
*Really

Bakken blitz. Except for a small contribution by trucks rumbling down U.S.
Highway 85, the difference between production and transportation capacity has
been made up by rail. The pipe-to-rail ratio
has almost completely flipped in two years,
so that now roughly 75% of North Dakota crude is shipped out by train. This has
brought on a fresh debate about cost and
safety trade-offs.
Very early in the morning, on July 6,
2013, in the town of Lac-Mgantic, Quebec, a 74-car freight train carrying Bakken
crude ran away and derailed, causing the
catastrophic explosion of multiple tank
cars and resulting in 47 deaths. Similarly,
an oil train crashed and burned after a collision near Casselton, N.D., on Dec. 30,
2013, fortunately with no deaths.
The federal government responded to
these and other rail incidents with Operation Classification (or Bakken blitz),
consisting of unannounced spot inspections of oil tanker cars by the Federal Railroad Administration, to make sure that oil
trains from the Bakken region are compliant with all federal safety regulations.
Regulators are also examining the question
of whether Bakken crude oil is more hazardous, due to its volatility. The pressure to
upgrade and modernize the tanker car fleet
has grown considerably.
Cheaper and safer. Multiple studies in
the U.S. and Canada have shown that pipelines are a far safer and more efficient way
to transport crude oil. While spills from
pipelines do occur, they are infrequent
and have a smaller impact on the environment than do tanker car ruptures, and are
far less likely to cause public harm. In addition, transportation costs are one-fourth
to one-half that of rail. And one thing that
makes pipelines unique as a transportation
systemthey stay put. Only the product
moves. As an inherent advantage, this one
is the dealmaker.
Frac this. I realize its mostly pointless
minutia from the department of who
cares, really?, but last week the publish-

ers of the Miriam Webster Collegiate


Dictionary announced their annual addition of new words150 made the cut
this year. Along with selfie, paywall,
hashtag and other such gems, frack
and fracking are included, defined as
acceptable short variants of the term hydraulic fracturing. As anyone whos been
paying attention knows, a contentious
divide has grown between the popular
press on one side, and the industry (along
with its trade press) on the other, over the
spelling of these punchy little words.
It is not uncommon in letters that we
get from readers of this magazine to include a small aside saying something like
and by the way, thank you for spelling the
darn word right. The fact is, frac with no
k has been the standard jargon spelling
for decades. Its only when it entered the
popular lexicon that writers started adding
the extra letter to assist the under-educated
with pronunciation.
Frac is not the problem per se, but
the noun form fracing, which looks like
it ought to rhyme with tracing. In that,
the revisionists have a point. However,
frack is unnecessary and, frankly, looks
kind of nasty. Among detractors of the
technology, thats the whole idea. Who
could possibly be in favor of something
denoted by such an ugly word?
Last year, I participated in a discussion panel at Southern Methodist University concerning public relations and
the petroleum industry. During one
session, I facetiously suggested changing the name of the technology to hydrotickling, which not only sounds
more benign, but can be shortened to a
noun tickle (as in were looking at a
six-stage tickle on that lateral).
But, unless this catches on, heres a suggestion, AP, Reuters and Chicago Manual,
if youre listening: Frac as a verb and
fracing for a shorthand noun, if you
must. Or better, just to say fracturing.
Theyll know what you mean.

HENRY.TERRELL@GULFPUB.COM
World Oil/JUNE 201419

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OFFSHORE IN DEPTH
ELDON BALL, CONTRIBUTING EDITOR

Building a global subsea education,


research alliance
What started as a subsea engineering graduate program at the University of
Houston (UH) has grown into an international alliance, which combines subsea
education with subsea research among six
of the worlds leading, subsea engineering
universities.
The Global Subsea University Alliance
was conceived by Matthew Franchek,
founding director of the University of
Houston Subsea Engineering Program
(UHSEP); the Singapore Economic
Development Board; and Prof Loh Wai
Lam, at the National University of Singapore. And, although Dr. Franchek has
guided and built the UHSEP, which has
both an education and research focus, the
original idea was brought to him by an industry professional.
Dr. Franchek came to UH in 2002 from
Purdue University, where he had been a
full professor in mechanical engineering.
While at Purdue, he initiated and led two
industry-supported interdisciplinary research programsautomotive research
and electro-hydraulic research. From 2002
to 2009, he served as mechanical engineering chair at UH while simultaneously initiating UHs biomedical engineering undergraduate program.
In 2009, I was leading an outreach program for the University of Houston, for the
Cullen College of Engineering, and one of
its goals was to have an economic impact,
both within Houston and within the state.
I was meeting with Randy Wester (director, Global Subsea Engineering) of FMC
Technologies as part of the outreach program, and he said, How about starting a
graduate program in subsea engineering?
So we talked about it, continues Wester, and I met with a lot of other companies
in the industry that are great ambassadors
for UH and are our stakeholders, and they
were excited about it. Finally, after a meeting with the dean of the engineering college, we decided to implement subsea engineering. That led to a lot of conversations,
Franchek says, along with benchmarking
internationally, meeting with executives

and industry leaderspeople that we


think are gurus in the various areas of subsea discipline. We eventually put together
what I believe is the most comprehensive
subsea engineering program in the world.
Subsea alliance. The educational side
of the equation didnt completely fulfill the
vision. So, Dr. Franchek and his UH colleagues, working with the National University of Singapore and others, put together
what they now have launched as the Global
Subsea University Alliance (GSUA). It involves several key universities that they
identified as world leaders: National University of Singapore; University of Aberdeen (Scotland); Federal University of Rio
de Janeiro; Curtin University (Australia);
Bergen University College (Norway); and
University of Houston.
The program first wanted to make its
curriculum international, meaning that a
student could take a course at the Federal University, and it would transfer to
UH. The next thing Franchek wanted
was a global institute for subsea engineering research, a program that would
spread among all the institutions. Were
putting this together now with the other
universities, he explains, and from now
on, it will be one-stop shopping. It will
be education, and it will be research. The
players we have picked out were not by
accident. We all have the same oil and
gas companies within a 20-to-25-mile
radius of the universities.
Franchek says that hed like to make
sure that no matter how global your business is, youll have a university near you
that advocates high standards within a subsea engineering curriculum.
The industry has supported the program from the beginning, Franchek says.
We have some very great supporters. One
that has been very helpful to us is National
Oilwell Varco. They not only supported
research projects, but also gave us a highperformance computing center.
The NOV leadership has significantly
advanced the subsea engineering program
in tremendous ways, Franchek says. I

have to recognize them and their leadership. Were also grateful to the American
Bureau of Shipping, KBR, FMC Technologies, GE Oil and Gas, and Transocean,
among many others. There are others that
we are talking with right now. I think that
by the end of summer, youre going to see
an extremely long list.
In building the world-class faculty, Dr.
Franchek went to the industry, itself. During his initial interviews about building the
curriculum, he spoke with roughly 200
companies, large and small, throughout
the industry. At some point, he asked, who
were the best authorities on whatever segment was under discussion. Theyd mention someone by name, and hed add that
to his list. Some names would pop up more
often than others.
Id go over and meet them, and look
at their credentialsare they someone
Id like to listen to in the evening during a
weeknight, are they charismatic to keep me
engaged, will they make the commitment?
I did a lot of one-on-one evaluation.
Education and networking. A couple
of strengths of the program, Franchek
saysand why people might want to consider thisis that beyond learning from
the world leaders, veterans and innovators of subsea engineering, both on the
drilling and production side, its a great
chance to network.
Youre sitting amongst your contemporaries. My demographics show that
about 50% in a class are people already
working in the industry. And 50% are new
workforce development. This is a program
thats administered by the university, but
its really for industry In the future, I
think that exchange programs among the
alliance partners, our outreach, and our research facilities, will give all of the students,
the international education they need, as
well as giving companies an easy point of
connection to education and research.

ELDON.BALL@WORLDOIL.COM Eldon Ball has more than 35 years


of experience in business-to-business writing and editing, technical
and economics communications, media relations, marketing, and events
management, specializing in oil and gas and high-tech businesses.
World Oil/JUNE 201421

OIL AND GAS IN THE CAPITALS


DR. ROGER H. BEZDEK, CONTRIBUTING EDITOR, WASHINGTON

Carbon follies: The EUs ETS example


As EU energy costs continue to rise,
energy-intensive manufacturers are leaving in record numbers. Member states
have collectively lost 7 million out of 37
million manufacturing jobs since 2005, as
the industrial price of electricity steadily
rises. In the UK, large industrial facilities
increasingly pay heavy prices for power. A
UK governmental forecast of added costs
of $28/MWh by year 2020 is contrasted
with a Confederation of British Industry
projection of $200/MWh.
The most sobering example is Spain,
where job losses are closely correlated with
high household electricity costs. Spains
unemployment rate is 27%, the highest
among EU member states, and up sharply
from just 11% in 2008. The EU states illustrate the economic consequences of emissions trading policies.
Meanwhile, ETS has delivered virtually
none of the promised environmental benefits. ETS was expected to reduce 2.8 billion
tons of CO2 from Europes power stations
and factories when compared to businessas-usual projections. Instead, EU states net
emissions actually increased during this
period, and the schemes integrity is deeply
compromised by a huge volume of surrendered offset credits.
Proposed reforms called for by EU
Climate Commissioner Connie Hedegaard amount to backloading, a desperate maneuver to prop up the ETS by withholding emission allowances from auction
to artificially create scarcity and increase
U.S. vs. EU electricity costs.

Industrial electricity prices, cents per kWh

As of early 2014, more than two dozen


nations and sub-national jurisdictions have
imposed carbon restrictions. Carbon restrictions are working perfectly in every
country that has tried them: They are ruining economies, devastating industry, destroying jobs and impoverishing citizens,
particularly in the European Union (EU).
The EU Emissions Trading Scheme
(ETS), launched in 2005, is a case study
in inefficient, ineffective and economically
disastrous policymaking. The worlds first
cross-border greenhouse gas emissions
(GHG) trading scheme regulates more
than 11,500 installations45% of total
EU CO2 emissions. European companies
buy and sell permits to emit CO2 under the
ETS. If they emit less than their permits allow, they can sell the excess for a profit.
In theory, the scheme incentivizes efficiency and innovation; in practice, it acts
as a massive tax that has hobbled EU industries in a competitive global marketplace.
EU industrial electricity prices are already
two to three times higher than in the U.S.
(see chart), and are headed much higher.
Once hailed as a global blueprint, ETS
was intended to be the single largest driver
of emissions reductions under the EU Climate Package. Instead, it is now the packages weakest link. Europeans have spent
over 600 billion ($850 billion) on renewable energy subsidies to support it.
The ETS is flawed by every measure. It
has not reduced emissions, but it has dramatically raised energy prices, increased
national debt, driven businesses out of
Europe, and been plagued by fraud and
corruption. Europes middle class is being
pushed into energy poverty. The ETS has
sent energy costs soaring, with electricity prices rising 37% higher than those
in the U.S. At least 1.4 million additional
European households will be pushed into
energy poverty by 2020. For example, in
2003, roughly 6% of the UK population
qualified as fuel-poor by paying more
than 10% of household income on energy. A decade later, nearly 20% of the UK
is fuel-poor.

20

18.7

16
12.9

12
8

13

14.8

DR. BEZDEK is an internationally recognized energy analyst and


6.5

4
0

carbon prices and energy costs for families


and businesses. By changing the rules, inflating energy prices, imposing additional
renewables subsidies and mandates, and
penalizing fossil fuels further, activists
hope to resuscitate this dying scheme.
The necessity of a radical policy change
seems to be recognized by everyone except
the EU bureaucrats. For example:
The European Union is wracked
by sovereign debt, budget deficits,
monetary weakness, slow economic
growth, trade deficits with the emerging economies, an aging population,
and mass unemploymentbut it has
the supposedly proud role of world
leader in Green Energy Transition,
Andrew McKillop, former energy
analyst, Euro Commission.
Instead of a model for the world to
emulate, Europe has become a model
of what not to do, Calgary Herald,
May 15, 2013.
In Britain, climate charges add 19% to
electricity prices that large manufacturers pay. Heavy users of electricity,
like aluminum smelting or steel-making, are an endangered species , The
New York Times, April 17, 2013.
Since 2000, Spain spent 571,138 to
create each green job. The programs
creating those jobs also resulted in
the destruction of nearly 110,500 jobs
elsewhere in the economy, or 2.2 jobs
destroyed for every green job created,
Gabriel Calzada lvarez et al., Universidad Rey Juan Carlos.
The ETS impact on the EU member
states thus offers a preview of the energy
and economic consequences of implementing similar emissions trading policies
globally. These policies should be avoided
and, where implemented, reversed.

U.S.

UK

Spain

Germany

Italy

president of MISI, in Washington, D.C. He has 30 years experience


in the energy, utility, environmental, and regulatory areas, serving
in private industry, academia, and government. He has served as
senior adviser in the U.S. Treasury Department, as U.S. energy
delegate to the EU and NATO, and as a consultant to the White House,
governmental agencies, and various corporations and organizations.
His most recent book is The Impending World Energy Mess.
World Oil/ JUNE 201423

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EXECUTIVE VIEWPOINT
FATEMEH HOSHDAR, DIRECTOR OF INNOVATION
MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT, IIES, IRAN

Robust oilfield technology planning


system for developing countries
Technology development in the oil
industry is widely indebted to efforts led
by international oil companies (IOCs).
Many national oil companies (NOCs)
develop oil fields and create wealth by
means of technologies developed by
major IOCs around the world. This has
brought different technology management approaches to the oil industry.
These range from a bottom-up approach
in NOCs that defines technologies
needed to be purchased or transferred
from market leaders and form a technology portfolio, to a proactive approach
adopted by IOCs and major technology
providers that moves on professional, futurist master plans.
Recent sanctions against the Iranian
oil industry have brought limitations to
financial and technological cooperation
between Iran and the worlds leading
technology providers. This, in turn, has
caused insufficient foreign investment,
and therefore, problems in developing oil
and gas reservoirs. This issue becomes
more significant upon recognition that:
1. Irans major oil and gas fields are more
than halfway through their lifespan
and an increased recovery factor is
only possible through the application
of advanced technical knowledge.
2. Irans population has doubled since
1979. This has increased the cost of
providing primary requirements and
social infrastructure. The remaining
oil income is not sufficient for investment in domestic fields. Foreign investment is also difficult, due to sanctions.
3. Extensive interconnection between
the oil industry and different engineering disciplines and basic sciences
requires complex learning models for
intra-organizational planning. This is
hard to achieve, given the countrys
bureaucratic administration.
These concerns have led Iranian oil industry policymakers to study and develop
a technology planning system, which
could provide quality technology road-

maps and guidelines for the industrys


development plans.
As is common in NOCs, the oil value
chain from upstream to downstream is divided into several sections, each managed
by a subsidiary company. A multiplicity
of companies, together with different levels of decision-making (i.e., technology
policy level, enterprise portfolio level and
single units of technology), might face
any technology planning system, with a
lack of horizontal and vertical alignment
of decisions. To cope with probable deficiencies, a model with the following major characteristics has been developed,
to form the basis for a robust technology
planning system.
Technology roadmaps. To develop
the planning model, a hybrid approach
was adopted, which intertwines both
bottoms-up and master plan views, and
reinforces the strengths of the two, while
minimizing challenges arising from the
Iranian industrys special situation. Taking advantage of a roadmap technique has
made it possible to integrate the efforts of
policymakers and companies at the same
organizational levels (horizontal alignment), and for all to converge toward supporting industry and enterprise objectives
at different levels (vertical alignment). In
brief, three types of technology roadmaps
are developed, as follows:
At the highest level (i.e., Ministry
of Petroleum and CEOs of major
companies), a strategic roadmap
is determined by taking advantage
of a master plan approach from top
to bottom, to develop the industrys
general technology development
policies.
At the middle level (i.e., research
and technology departments of major and subsidiary companies) lay
the roadmaps of macro technological areas with high priority, for any
of the companies.
At the lowest level (i.e., consulting
companies, contractors and technology development centers, which are

not necessarily affiliated to the industry) roadmaps of single units of


technology are developed, according
to the determined policies and priorities at the two previous, higher levels.
Software and hardware aspects. The
developed model and the associated technology planning system focus attention
on both software and hardware issues.
Technology roadmaps at both levels of
strategic and priority areas of technology concentrate mostly on software aspects of the industry, while roadmapping
at the units of technology level focuses
mostly on hardware aspects.
General scope technologies. While
certain general scope technologies, such
as nanotechnology and information technology, may not fall in the activity scope
of a specific company, special attention is
paid to their development requirements
via the designed system.
Three roadmap layers. Three different layers of technology roadmaps (i.e.,
a reference roadmap, a roadmap for priority areas, and a roadmap for each selected unit of technology) have been introduced. They are expected to help the
Iranian industry plan for its technology
portfolio, and to some extent, overcome
the critical absence of major leading
technology providers.
Such a planning system, based on a
roadmapping methodology, will accelerate achievements in the development
of technology for the Iranian oil industry. Simultaneous attention to horizontal and vertical alignment of developed
plans increases the chance of success.
This is a significant change of approach
for the Iranian industry, whose development requires rapid supply of critical
technologies.

FATEMEH HOSHDAR was appointed director of the Innovation


Management Department at the Institute for International Energy
Studies (IIES) during 2010. The IIEES is affiliated with the Iranian
Ministry of Petroleum. She is a technology management graduate of
Islamic Azad University (IAU) and has had a 10-year career in energy
technologies. The above viewpoint comes from recent research
conducted by Ms. Hoshdar, and assisted by Sepehr Ghazinoory,
professor of science and technology policy at IAU.
World Oil/JUNE 201425

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INNOVATIVE THINKERS
MELANIE CRUTHIRDS, NEWS EDITOR

Schramm
 

Smarter, smaller,
safer, stronger

As the shale oil and gas industry continues to mature in the U.S., with burgeoning
activity seen in international plays from
Poland to Argentina, this resource niche is
becoming less unconventional for some
drillers. Especially in the northeastern part
of the country, in the consistently productive Marcellus and Utica formations, the
challenges associated with tapping into the
regions highly prized liquids-rich portions
are well-known to operators there.
By state and company estimates, compiled by World Oil in February, operators
plan to drill more than 3,800 wells across
Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia and
New York this year; shale will likely comprise a healthy share of this activity. It is no
wonder, then, that land-based hydraulic rig
manufacturer Schramm Inc., with its home
base in centrally located West Chester, Pa.,
has focused its most recent efforts on introducing technologies aimed at making
the shale drilling process smarter, safer and
stronger. And, just a little bit smaller.
Schramm recently rolled out its latest
shale-targeted rig: the T250XD. As innovations go, the rig incorporates additional
elements and capabilities, borrowed from,
Schramms latest rig, the T250XD, was
designed specically for shale drilling
applications, and takes its name from its
250,000-lb hookload rating.

and pioneered on, previous Schramm designs, while maintaining a smaller overall
footprint. Hydraulically speaking, users
get more bang for their buck with the
250,000-lb-hookload-rated rig.
Like its big brother, the T500XD, which
is rated to a 500,000-lb hookload and has
19 ft of under-table clearance, Schramms
latest unit features the companys proprietary Telemast and LoadSafe XD technologies. Together, the combination of hydraulically powered top drive technology and
a hands-free pipe handling system means
that the same high-torque, deep-drilling
challenges can be met, but with fewer
personnel on the ground. When seen in
person, the system, all controlled by two
operators in an above-deck control room,
is miles away from the industrys more traditional drilling model.
The pullback is definitely something
that everybody wants, especially as you
start going into the horizontals. The friction really starts to increase, especially
when youre going down 6,0008,000
feet, said Michael Horchuck, V.P. of operations at Schramm, of the T500XD.
Both the T250XD and T500XD designs are highly mobile. Essentially, said
David Hartzell, Schramms V.P. of engineering, the rigs can be erected and operational
within a 12-hour shift. The T500XD even
uses its walkability feature, which allows

it to move around the wellsite without


dismantling and reassembly, to self-erect,
lending additional efficiency and safety to
operations. The controls for the rig are electric, in place of traditional hydraulics, which
provides a smoother user experience.
The decision to introduce new features,
like additional floor clearance and load capacity, into these rigs models, said Hartzell,
has been driven by the industry. Wellsite
safety has always been a necessary and important concern. These days, companies
and regulators have pushed to see added
prevention and containment measures,
including larger BOP stacks, onshore and
offshore. Todays land-based BOPs can
weigh up to 40,000 lb, which means mobility can be limited, especially when moving in areas with a high activity. Even with
the more compact T250XD, with its 13.5
ft of clearance, operators can more readily
move in and access the stack, without having to relocate the rig.
Schramm has not limited its sights to
the northeastern U.S. market; as many rig
builders have seen over the past 10 to 15
years, the international market is not to be
ignored. The company is one of the largest providers of imported drilling rigs to
China, and it also has units operating in
Australia and Zambia.

MELANIE.CRUTHIRDS@WORLDOIL.COM
World Oil/JUNE 201427

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INDUSTRY AT A GLANCE
HENRY.TERRELL@GULFPUB.COM

Although international tensions, brought on by the threat of


Russian intervention in the Ukraine, eased somewhat in April,
crude prices rose on most exchanges, as lower output outside
OPEC coincided with rising seasonal refinery demand. OPEC
oil production, after falling for five months, increased to 29.9
MMbpd. U.S. oil output rose again to just under 8.25 MMbpd,
more than 12% higher than a year ago. Natural gas prices on
the Henry Hub slid to $4.66/MMBtu. Excluding an expected
drop in Canada, international rotary rig counts rose modestly
in April, while the U.S. rig count climbed for the third straight
month, surpassing 1,850 in early May.

U.S. OIL PRODUCTION1


APR
20142
29
573
20
611
192
7
21
131
7
1,285
22
69
90
10
318
971
22
348
3,174
115
12
192
29
8,248
7,675

STATE
Alabama
Alaska
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Florida
Illinois
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana4
Michigan
Mississippi
Montana
Nebraska
New Mexico
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Texas4
Utah
West Virginia
Wyoming
Others5
TOTAL U.S.
LOWER 48
1
3
5

Thousand barrels per day

APR
20133
29
523
18
587
148
3
27
134
8
1,275
21
68
78
6
284
793
13
311
2,724
93
9
172
28
7,353
6,830

% DIFF.
0.0
9.6
11.1
4.1
29.7
133.3
-22.2
-2.2
-12.5
0.8
4.8
1.5
15.4
66.7
12.0
22.4
69.2
11.9
16.5
23.7
33.3
11.6
3.6
12.2
12.4

MAR
20142
28
564
20
607
190
7
22
134
7
1,263
21
68
88
8
297
965
20
340
3,087
110
12
187
29
8,074
7,510

2 Preliminary estimate, API.


Includes lease condensate.
DOEs revision, as of 10 months from current issue date, adjusted. 4 Includes federal OCS production.
Includes Arizona, Indiana, Missouri, Nevada, New York, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee and Virginia.

U.S. GAS PRICES ($/MCF) & PRODUCTION (BCFD)

$7

80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

$6
$5
$4

WORLD OIL & NGL PRODUCTION

Million barrels per day

APR
2014

MAR
2014

AVG. 2013

AVG. 2012

OPECCRUDE OIL
Saudi Arabia
Iran
Iraq
United Arab Emirates
Kuwait
Neutral Zone
Qatar
Angola
Nigeria
Libya
Algeria
Ecuador
Venezuela
NGLs & condensate1
TOTAL OPEC

9.40
2.83
3.34
2.69
2.55
0.52
0.70
1.60
1.92
0.22
1.12
0.55
2.46
6.41
36.31

9.31
2.80
3.20
2.78
2.50
0.52
0.71
1.47
1.94
0.24
1.02
0.55
2.46
6.39
35.89

9.40
2.68
3.08
2.76
2.55
0.52
0.73
1.72
1.95
0.90
1.15
0.52
2.50
6.31
36.77

9.51
3.00
2.95
2.65
2.46
0.54
0.74
1.78
2.10
1.39
1.17
0.50
2.50
6.17
37.48

OECD2
U.S.
Mexico
Canada
United Kingdom
Norway
Europe-others
Australia
Pacific-others
TOTAL OECD

11.29
2.84
4.04
0.81
1.89
0.67
0.44
0.10
22.11

11.17
2.86
4.12
0.75
1.91
0.65
0.39
0.10
21.96

10.31
2.89
3.99
0.85
1.84
0.59
0.41
0.08
20.96

9.17
2.92
3.75
0.94
1.91
0.60
0.48
0.08
19.87

10.89
3.01
4.29
0.65
0.90
0.80
1.14
0.14
2.25
0.62
0.94
0.42
0.92
0.03
0.11
0.67
0.24
1.67
29.69
2.19
90.30

10.91
3.00
4.19
0.65
0.88
0.81
1.14
0.14
2.21
0.62
0.98
0.43
0.95
0.03
0.11
0.67
0.24
1.69
29.65
2.21
89.71

10.88
3.00
4.18
0.66
0.90
0.84
1.14
0.14
2.12
0.63
1.01
0.42
0.95
0.06
0.14
0.70
0.24
1.59
29.59
2.18
89.49

10.73
2.93
4.17
0.67
0.91
0.89
1.17
0.14
2.16
0.66
0.95
0.42
0.92
0.17
0.18
0.72
0.25
1.48
29.53
2.14
89.01

NONOECD
Russia
FSU-others
China
Malaysia
India
Indonesia
Asia-others
Europe
Brazil
Argentina
Colombia
Latin America-others
Oman
Syria
Yemen
Egypt
Gabon
Africa/Middle East-others
TOTAL NONOECD
PROCESSING GAINS3
TOTAL SUPPLY

Source: International Energy Agency


Note: Totals and subtotals may not add, due to rounding.
1 Includes condensates reported by OPEC countries, oil from non-conventional sources, e.g. Venezuelan Orimulsion
(but not Orinoco extra-heavy oil) and non-oil inputs to Saudi Arabian
2 Comprises crude oil, condensates, NGLs and oil from non-conventional sources.
3 Net of volumetric gains and losses in refining (excludes net gain/loss in China and non-OECD Europe) and marine
transportation losses.

$3
Monthly price (Henry Hub)
12-month price avg.
12-month
Productionprice avg.

$2

U.S. ONSHORE WELL COUNT

$1
$0

Basin

A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A
2012
2013
2014

Production equals U.S. marketed production, wet gas. Source: EIA.

Q2 2014

Q1 2014

+/

Year ago

+/

Ardmore Woodford

31

66

35

49

18

Arkoma Woodford

24

25

13

11

327

374

47

443

116
12

Barnett
Cana Woodford

SELECTED WORLD OIL PRICES ($/BBL)

94

77

17

82

DJNiobrara

267

258

266

Eagle Ford

1,110

1,171

61

1,044

66
30

135

Fayetteville

127

129

157

120

Granite Wash

132

148

16

141

97

94

109

12

105

Marcellus

524

576

52

475

49

Mississippian

386

408

22

343

43

2,374

2,351

23

2,169

206

Haynesville

90
75
60
45

W. Texas Inter.
Brent Blend
Dubai Fateh
Source: DOE

A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A
2012
2013
2014

Permian
Utica

102

112

10

131

29

Williston

707

737

30

582

125

Others

2,550

2,557

2,530

20

TOTALS

8,853

9,083

230

8,534

319

Source: Baker Hughes

World Oil/JUNE 201429

INDUSTRY AT A GLANCE
HENRY.TERRELL@GULFPUB.COM

INTERNATIONAL ROTARY RIG COUNT


REGION & COUNTRY
CANADA
EUROPE
Germany
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Turkey
United Kingdom
Others
MIDDLE EAST*
Abu Dhabi
Egypt
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Pakistan
Saudi Arabia
Syria
Others
AFRICA*
Algeria
Angola
Kenya
Libya
Nigeria
Others
LATIN AMERICA
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Mexico
Venezuela
Others
ASIA-PACIFIC
Australia
China, offshore
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
New Zealand
Thailand
Vietnam
Others
TOTAL

APR 2014
Land
Offshore
152
2
93
61
3
1
4
1
4
6
0
21
3
0
12
0
41
1
0
20
26
11
361
46
23
7
45
10
89
0
34
0
58
0
23
0
78
20
0
0
11
9
96
40
49
0
1
15
12
1
8
0
8
6
18
18
337
66
103
0
22
27
46
0
24
1
56
31
68
3
18
4
133
119
11
10
0
25
90
40
18
10
1
9
3
3
2
15
0
4
8
3
1,172
334

Source: Baker Hughes


Note: Totals may not add, due to rounding.

Monthly average

MAR 2014
Land
Offshore
201
3
96
55
4
1
5
2
4
6
3
21
3
0
9
0
39
1
1
16
28
8
350
42
19
10
43
10
90
0
34
0
58
1
20
0
75
21
0
0
11
0
97
35
44
0
0
14
13
1
11
1
10
5
19
14
337
69
101
0
24
23
45
0
24
1
55
33
72
9
16
3
131
124
13
7
0
22
82
40
22
14
1
15
3
2
0
16
0
6
10
2
1,212
328

APR 2013
Land Offshore
126
2
85
51
7
0
4
1
5
3
0
20
4
0
8
0
29
0
0
19
28
8
309
45
18
9
47
11
72
0
31
0
41
1
20
0
66
17
0
0
14
7
88
37
49
0
0
7
1
1
14
0
11
11
13
18
351
89
79
0
27
44
48
0
23
1
78
35
68
6
28
3
148
109
11
8
0
20
82
36
33
14
0
11
8
1
5
14
0
1
9
4
1,107
333

*No data available for Iran and Sudan/South Sudan.

INTERNATIONAL OFFSHORE RIGS*


U.S. GULF OF MEXICO
APR 2014 APR 2013
Total rigs in fleet
Marketed Supply
Marketed Contracted
Rig utilization, %

114
88
81
92.1

Source: IHS Petrodata Weekly Rig Count.

109
82
77
93.9

NORTHWEST EUROPE
APR 2014 APR 2013
93
92
92
100.0

90
88
87
98.9

WORLDWIDE
APR 2014 APR 2013
846
792
737
93.1

781
713
665
93.3

*Rigs are no longer broken out into mobile and platform categories.

WORKOVER RIG COUNT


REGION
Texas Gulf Coast
ArkLaTex
Eastern U.S.
South Louisiana
Mid-Continent
West Texas / Permian
Rocky Mountains
West Coast / Alaska
TOTAL U.S.
CANADA

MAR
2014
210
140
82
17
224
695
342
318
2,028
485

FEB
2014
205
137
96
17
221
699
336
326
2,037
560

Source: Cameron

30JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

JAN
2014
203
135
81
20
204
722
340
331
2,036
581

MAR
2013
197
138
92
27
213
678
353
341
2,039
429

% chng
mo. ago
2.4
2.2
14.6
0.0
1.4
0.6
1.8
2.5
0.4
13.4

% chng
yr. ago
6.6
1.4
10.9
37.0
5.2
2.5
3.1
6.7
0.5
13.1

Note: Totals may not add, due to rounding.

INTERNATIONAL ROTARY
DRILLING RIGS
2,000
1,900
1,800
1,700
1,600
1,500
1,400
1,300
1,200
1,100 A M J J A S O N D J F M A A M J J A S O N D J F M A
2012
2013
2014

U.S. ROTARY
DRILLING RIGS
2,100
2,000
1,900
1,800
1,700 A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M
2012
2013
2014

Source: Baker Hughes

U.S. ROTARY RIG COUNT

Monthly average

APR
2014
5
5
0
0
10
10
0
12
40
39
1
63
1
28
3
107
25
16
20
47
0
14
7
2
2
90
0
178
36
191
57
0
0
885
3
0
127
81
55
36
8
34
9
91
319
37
17
69
27
26
49
4
52
1,835

MAY
2013
7
6
0
0
8
7
1
15
41
39
2
61
1
27
1
107
21
24
18
44
1
12
10
1
4
76
0
176
32
188
58
1
0
838
5
1
136
87
47
35
13
26
13
82
278
36
22
60
31
23
43
7
52
1,767

% DIFF.
MAY 13
MAY 14
14.3
0.0

12.5
28.6
0.0
20.0
7.3
10.3
50.0
6.6
0.0
22.2
200.0
6.5
33.3
41.7
5.6
20.5
100.0
0.0
10.0
100.0
50.0
17.1

0.6
15.6
2.7
1.7
100.0

6.4
60.0
100.0
11.0
1.1
17.0
2.9
30.8
30.8
23.1
18.3
16.2
8.3
27.3
8.3
12.9
13.0
7.0
57.1
9.6
5.1

STATE & AREA


ALABAMA-TOTAL
Land
Inland water
Offshore
ALASKA-TOTAL
Land
Offshore
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA-TOTAL
Land
Offshore
COLORADO
FLORIDA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA-TOTAL
North - Land
South - Inl. water
South - Land
Offshore
MICHIGAN
MISSISSIPPI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
PENNSYLVANIA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS-TOTAL
Offshore
Inland water
District 1
District 2
District 3
District 4
District 5
District 6
District 7B
District 7C
District 8
District 8A
District 9
District 10
UTAH
W. VIRGINIA
WYOMING
OTHERS
U.S. OFFSHORE TOTAL
U.S. GRAND TOTAL

MAY*
2014
6
6
0
0
9
9
0
12
44
43
1
65
1
33
3
114
28
14
19
53
0
12
9
2
2
89
0
175
37
193
59
0
0
892
2
0
121
88
55
36
9
34
10
97
323
39
16
65
27
26
46
3
57
1,857

*Partial months data


Source: Baker Hughes

Note: State monthly averages may not add up to U.S. total, due to rounding.

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SPECIAL FOCUS: DRILLING AND WELL COMPLETION TECHNOLOGY

Open-hole, multi-stage verticals surpass


conventional plug-and-perfs in Permian basin

A comparison of production
data from cemented and
uncemented vertical wells in
the Delaware basin area of
the Permian basin showed
that open-hole, multi-stage
technology is a viable option
for operators.

DARRELL LOHOEFER and BRETT


KEENER, Eagle Oil & Gas; and DJ SNYDER,
SAIFF EZELDIN and CLIFF WOHLEB, Packers
Plus Energy Services

A tank battery for a well in the Permian


basin, where open-hole, multi-stage
systems (OHMS) and cemented liner,
plug-and-perf (CLPP) vertical completion
methods were compared.

The Permian basin is one of the top


five resource plays in the U.S., attracting
a high volume of activity from operators.
This unconventional trend consists of several stacked pay zones, and the shale and
carbonate layers act as barriers to fracture
growth, making well completions a challenge. While horizontal completions in the
shale layers are in the initial stages, operators are successfully exploiting the reserves
through vertical wells. Figure 1 illustrates
the Permian basin, and, specifically, the
formations in the Delaware basin that are
the focus of this article.
WOLFCAMP SHALE AND BONE
SPRING (WOLFBONE)

Two of the target formations in the


Delaware basin are the Wolfcamp shale
and Bone Spring (together referred to as
the Wolfbone), Fig. 2, which deliver a pay
zone thickness of approximately 1,000
ft to 1,500 ft. The Bone Spring is a thick
sequence of interbedded sandstones, carbonates and shale, at depths ranging from
approximately 6,000 ft to 13,000 ft. Strati-

graphically, each layer of the Bone Spring


comprises a sand and carbonate layer, both
of which contribute to production. Third
Bone Spring sandstones range in porosity
from 7% to 18%, and permeability is 2.0
mD or less (Montgomery, 2004).
The Wolfcamp shale, situated below
the Bone Spring, acts as both a source
rock and a reservoir, with an estimated 3
billion bbl of oil (Beckwith, 2013). While
there are pockets of high porosity and
permeability in the trend, the majority
of the reservoir interval is of lower quality, with porosity and permeability ranges from 5% to 8%, and 0.001 mD to 1.0
mD, respectively (Fairhurst and Hanson,
2012). Originally, exploration focused on
the Wolfcamp sandstone reservoirs below, and the Third Bone Spring sandstone
reservoirs above the Wolfcamp shale,
which is now the focus of development
efforts (Fairhurst and Hanson, 2013).
Historically, the major operators were not
involved with the play, but now, with the
stacked, multi-play reservoirs, the potential has attracted more attention.
COMPLETION METHODS

Even though the Permian basin is a mature exploration area, completion of the
thick shale intervals requires investigation
into new methods and technologies to access the remaining hydrocarbons that are
more challenging to exploit. To date, openhole, multi-stage systems (OHMS) and
the conventional cemented liner, plug-andperf (CLPP) method are the two vertical
completion methods that have been used
to gain access to hydrocarbons in this area.
These two methods are compared in this
article, to highlight OHMS as a long-term
solution for operators completing vertical
wells in a stacked pay. The production, operational and cost comparisons of the two
completion methods provide theoretical
and practical arguments to assist in designing an optimal completion.
CLPP completions usually consist of
the wellbore being cased and cemented,
followed by limited-entry stimulation techWorld Oil/JUNE 201433

DRILLING AND WELL COMPLETION TECHNOLOGY

niques (cluster fracturing) through the use


of composite bridge plugs, set on wireline
or coiled tubing (CT), and perforating
(Blanton and Mackenzie, 2006). The
bridge plugs provide the mechanical diversion inside the liner, to effectively stimulate
each selected zone, while the perforations
provide access to the formation. This process is then repeated for the number of
stimulations desired for the wellbore. After
all the stages have been completed, CT or
a workover rig is used to drill out the com-

posite bridge plugs and establish access


along the wellbore. Although effective, the
multiple interventions, perforating guns
and deployment of fracturing equipment
required for each stage can be inefficient,
from both a time and cost perspective.
OHMS systems use hydraulically-set,
external mechanical packers to isolate sections of the wellbore. These packers typically have elastomer elements that extrude
to seal against the wellbore. The OHMS
system is run in hole by spacing tools out

on the production liner. When the system


reaches TD, the packers can be set, and the
drilling or workover rig can be moved to a
Fig. 2. Delaware basin stratigraphic chart.

Fig. 1. Location and overlapping plays in the Delaware basin. Pink: Avalon shale; green:
Bone Spring; blue: Wolfcamp shale (Fairhurst and Hanson, 2013).
Lea
Eddy

Andrews

New Mexico
Delaware
basin

Loving

Midland basin

Ward

Texas
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Winkler

Reeves
Crane

Culberson

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Pecos

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34JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

DRILLING AND WELL COMPLETION TECHNOLOGY

different location. After installation, the toe


fracturing port is opened hydraulically (at a
specific pressure), and subsequent sleeves
are opened by dropping size-specific actuation balls into the system, to hydraulically
shift the sleeve and expose the port. The
balls create internal isolation from stage
to stage. Once stimulation treatment is
complete, the well can be flowed back immediately, and production can be brought
online. The major advantage of OHMS is
that fracture treatments can be performed

in a single, continuous pumping operation,


without the need for CT or wireline.
CASE STUDY

This operator wanted to effectively


complete vertical wells in the Wolfbone,
while keeping costs low. Initially, the operator used the standard, cemented liner
plug-and-perf stimulation method; however, problems with wireline guns and
issues while fishing plugs occurred, resulting in additional time and labor costs.

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on Circulation Loss.

Acid-soluble bridging particles compress


and create a solid seal in the formation to
prevent circulation loss in the pay-zone.

MultiSqueeze means less time lost,


more ow achieved.

The area is abnormally pressured, making


fishing operations even more complex,
because a snubbing unit is required. The
operator was also looking to exploit the
higher porosity and permeability of the
sandstone layers, as well as any natural
fractures present.
The operator chose to run the proprietary Packers Plus StackFRAC HD openhole system in its vertical wells, as it had
experience with OHMS systems from
work in other, predominantly horizontal, unconventional plays (Lohoefer et al.,
2010). After several wells were completed
with these systems, stimulated and put on
production, the operator conducted a 30-,
60- and 90-day production analysis, as well
as a time-and-cost comparison of the two
completion methods, to determine a longterm solution for completing vertical wells
in this unconventional play. Twelve vertical wells completed with StackFRAC HD
technology were compared to 44 plug-andperf wells in Reeves County, Texas.
Production was studied in two ways:
overall production and output by area.
Overall production examined all vertical
wells completed by the operator in Reeves
County. The overall results for the 30-, 60and 90-day studies are provided in Fig. 3,
including the number of wells compared
in each case. Output by area removed any
location bias by looking at two areas separately: the Core and the Worsham areas,
Fig. 4. The Core area is centrally located in
the basin, where the majority of the activity has taken place, and the Worsham area
is deeper in the basin with better porosity.

TM

MultiSqueeze is an acid-soluble Squeeze Pill compatible with all drilling uids. It does not
require any special activators or retarders. The Multi Squeeze pill is activated with any type
water. By applying a Hydrostatic or Pressure squeeze, the pill compresses and penetrates the
theft zone, conguring to the matrix of the formation. This unique procedure creates a solid
seal within the formation eliminating further uid loss and minimizing the possibility of the
seal being removed during drilling.

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Cumulative, overall production from


the vertical wells completed with the PackFig. 3. Delaware basin overall production
comparison between OHMS and CLPP.

300
250
200

Production, boed

Solidifying in a matter of hours, MultiSqueeze reduces lost time by reducing


uid loss and increasing wellbore integrity.

PRODUCTION RESULTS

30-day
60-day
90-day
204
178

266

30%

242

36%
163

150

215

32%

100
50

MultiSqueezeTM / ASFiberTM / ShaleBlockTM / BiCenter BeadsTM

36JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

44

43
CLPP

42

12

12
OHMS

12

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DRILLING AND WELL COMPLETION TECHNOLOGY

Fig. 4. Map of Core (left) and Worsham (right) areas.

Fig. 5. Core area production comparison


between OHMS and CLPP.

250
9%
8%
180

169

195

171

1%

400
350
300
250

Production, boed

Production, boed

200

204

30-day
60-day
90-day

223

Fig. 6. Worsham area production


comparison between OHMS and CLPP.

150

200

100

352
334

64%

302

82%
215

88%
184

150

161

100

50
0

30-day
60-day
90-day

26

25
CLPP

24

OHMS

ers Plus technology was up to 36% higher


than cumulative overall production in
the plug-and-perf wells. After the initial
month, the 12 StackFRAC HD wells had
a 30% production advantage over the 44
plug-and-perf wells, producing 266 boed,
compared to 204 boed. This trend continued, and after three months, the StackFRAC HD wells outperformed the plugand-perf wells by 32%: 215 boed versus
163 boed.
The wells completed with Packers Plus
OHMS systems in the Core area initially
had a production advantage over plug-andperf wells, but this difference tapered off
after three months. After the first month
in the Core area, StackFRAC HD wells
produced at a rate 9% higher than plugand-perf wells (223 boed versus 204 boed,
respectively). However, only a 1% production difference was observed between
StackFRAC HD and plug-and-perf wells

50
0

14

14
CLPP

14

OHMS

after three months (171 boed versus 169


boed), Fig. 5.
Differences in production were significantly higher in the Worsham area, where
StackFRAC HD wells outperformed plugand-perf wells by 64% after the first month
(352 boed versus 215 boed), Fig. 6. This
trend continued after three months, with
an 88% production difference between the
two completion methods (302 boed versus 161 boed).
It should be noted that both areas
have virtually identical gross and net
pays, average porosity, water saturation
and other measurable geological reservoir parameters. However, the Worsham
area performed better than the Core area
when completed with OHMS systems.
One possible reason for this would be
increased natural fractures in the Wolfcamp. The higher mud weights required,
and more/larger gas flares recorded in
World Oil/JUNE 201439

DRILLING AND WELL COMPLETION TECHNOLOGY

mud logs, combined with higher gas-oil


ratios and flowing pressures, indicate that
very small, but pervasive, natural fractures
were likely created during hydrocarbon
generation in the Worsham area of the
Wolfcamp. These natural fractures significantly increase average permeability, and,
thus, increase production.
Unlike cemented completions, StackFRAC HD open-hole technology retains connectivity of natural fractures
to the wellbore. After fracture flowback,
results for these wells displayed higher
flowing pressure and significant oil production within the first 24 hr, whereas
CLPP wells had lower flowing pressures
and no oil production for five to six days.
The quicker appearance of oil production may be attributed to unstimulated
natural fractures that were not filled
with cement.
Although the natural fracture system in
the Core area is not as extensive as in the
Worsham area, StackFRAC HD wells still
performed better than CLPP wells, albeit
by a smaller margin. Additionally, the Worsham area is considered to be a more reliable comparison of production results than
the Core area, because the stimulation parameters in the former are more similar
between the two completion methods that
were analyzed. The Core area was completed prior to the Worsham area, while
operators were still determining the optimal stimulation design.
TIME/COST ANALYSIS

OHMS systems and plug-and-perf


capital costs were determined to be approximately equal, but there were benefits
from completing the wells more quickly
with the StackFRAC HD system. A comparison analysis shows that stimulation
time was reduced from four days with
the plug-and-perf technology, to two days
with the StackFRAC HD system, saving
the operator 20% on stimulation costs.
Although the OHMS system requires
higher initial costs, due to the packer system, itself, the additional costs are offset
by saved time and other equipment requirements associated with the plug-andperf method, such as the perforation guns
and wireline plugs.
In addition to eliminating two days of
stimulation operations, an added benefit
was the increased availability and flexibility of the service companys hydraulic fracturing treatment equipment schedule. Because a fracture fleet was only needed for

two days, instead of the average four-day


period, fracturing service companies were
able to do more fracture jobs, with the
same amount of equipment and personnel,
in the same amount of time. As a result, the
operator benefited from an effectively increased number of fracture dates available
from the service companies.
STIMULATION OPERATIONS

Delaware basin operators have generally been trending toward a specific fracture methodology, often just modifying
fluid and proppant volumes, and stage
and cluster spacing, without stepping
outside of the plug-and-perf method.
Proppant amounts ranging from 750,000
lb to 3.2 million lb have been used, depending on the desired fracture geometry in a given interval. This operator used
1 million lb to 1.5 million lb of proppant,
pumped through 11-stage StackFRAC
completion systems that spanned approximately 1,200 ft of the Wolfcamp
and Bone Spring intervals.
The process of when to drop the balls,
to achieve a balance of high near-wellbore
conductivity and proper zonal isolation,
has also been tested in these wells. If the
ball is dropped too early, then there is a
risk of landing the ball in the proppant
slurry, which does not allow for proper
zonal isolation. Conversely, if the ball is
dropped too late, the overflush will decrease near-wellbore conductivity. An
effective process for achieving a good
balance of both in these wells has been
to drop the ball 50 bbl after the last of the
proppant. The combination of the balls
weight with the pump rate lands the ball
just behind the proppant, thus diminishing the chance of overflushing the interval. A linear or crosslinked gel spacer is
also pumped to reduce the likelihood of
the ball outrunning the proppant.
The operator was initially concerned
that using an open-hole system in vertical
wells would not achieve proper zonal isolation, due to fracture geometry causing
cross-flow between stages. Stage spacing
has hovered around the 100-ft mark, further increasing the concern about communication between zones. In order to
test this, a radioactive tracer was run in one
well. Tracer logs displayed multiple fracture
initiations in a single stage, and isolation at
the packers, which mitigated the operators
concern regarding uncontained vertical
height growth when using an open-hole
system in a vertical well completion.

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DRILLING AND WELL COMPLETION TECHNOLOGY

CONCLUSIONS

Side-by-side comparison of production data from cemented and


uncemented vertical wells in the
Delaware basin area shows that
OHMS technology is a viable option for operators.
Cumulative production from
OHMS-completed wells was up to
36% higher than direct offsets completed with cemented liner, plugand-perf methodology.
OHMS and CLPP capital costs were
determined to be approximately
equal, but there were benefits with
OHMS, as wells were completed
more quickly. Time was reduced
from four days with CLPP, to two
days with OHMS, saving the operator 20% on stimulation costs.
Tracer logs showed multiple fracture initiations in a single stage and
isolation at packers. These data
mitigate the concern regarding uncontained vertical height growth
when using an OHMS system in a
vertical application.
Displacements can be calculated,
and operations can be performed, to
eliminate over-displacement of fluids
with OHMS.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
This article is adapted from SPE paper 168643, presented by the
authors at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference
in The Woodlands, Texas, Feb. 46, 2014. The authors thank the
management of Eagle Oil & Gas and Packers Plus Energy Services
for granting permission to publish this article.

REFERENCES
1. Beckwith, R., Tight resources, promising economics: The Permian basin continues yielding liquid riches, Journal of Petroleum
Technology, February 2013, p. 54.
2. Blanton, E.M., and G. MacKenzie, Hydraulic pump-down frac
plug and subsequent coiled-tubing removal increases client
efficiency in Barnett shale, SPE paper 100139, presented at the
SPE/ICoTA Coiled Tubing and Well Intervention Conference
and Exhibition, The Woodlands, Texas, April 45, 2006.
3. Fairhurst, B., and M. Hanson, Evolution and development of
the Wolfbone play, southern Delaware basin, West Texas: An
emerging frontier, an oil-rich unconventional resource, Search
and Discovery Article 10411, adapted from poster presentation
given at the AAPG Convention and Exhibition, Long Beach,
Calif., April 2225, 2012.
4. Fairhurst, B., and M. Hanson, Wolfbone oil-saturated, super
sweet spot, southern Delaware basin: Integrated approach
from exploration to geologic/reservoir modeling and field
development, URTeC paper 1581854, presented at the
Unconventional Resources Technology Conference, Denver,
Colo., Aug. 1214, 2013.
5. Kelly, L., J. Bachmann, D. Amoss, B. Angelico, B. Corales, B.
Fernandez, P. Kissel, R. Roberts and H. Stewart, Permian basin;
Easy to oversimplify, hard to overlook, Exploration & Production,
Howard Weil Inc., Jan. 19, 2012.
6. Lohoefer, D., J. Athans and R. Seale, New Barnett shale horizontal completion lowers cost and improves efficiency, SPE paper
103046, presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and
Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, Sept. 2427, 2006.
7. Lohoefer, D., D. Snyder and R. Seale, Long-term comparison
of production results from open-hole and cemented multistage completions in the Barnett shale, IADC/SPE paper
136196, presented at the IADC/SPE Asia Pacific Drilling
Technology Conference and Exhibition, Ho Chi Minh City,
Vietnam, Nov. 13, 2010.

8. Montgomery, S., Permian Bone Spring formation; sandstone


play in the Delaware basin; Part II, basin, AAPG Bulletin,
81(9):1423-1434, www.geoscienceworld.org, 1997.
9. Seale, R., J. Donaldson and J. Athans, Multi-stage fracturing
system: Improving operational efficiency and production, SPE
paper 104557, presented at the SPE Eastern Regional Meeting,
Canton, Ohio, Oct. 1113, 2006.
10. Seale, R., An efficient horizontal open-hole, multi-stage fracturing and completion system, SPE paper 108712, presented at
the SPE International Oil Conference and Exhibition, Veracruz,
Mexico, June 2730, 2007.

DARRELL S. LOHOEFER
graduated in 1977 from Texas
Tech University with a BS
degree in petroleum
engineering. Upon graduation,
he worked for Texas Pacic Oil
Company, which he left in 1981
to work for Eagle Oil and Gas Company. Prior
to being promoted to president and COO in
August 2011, Mr. Lohoefer served as V.P. of
engineering for Eagle.
BRETT KEENER graduated
from Texas A&M University,
Kingsville, with a BS degree in
mechanical engineering in
2004. He began his career
drilling and completing CBM
and conventional wells in the
Black Warrior basin for CDX Gas and Saga
Petroleum. Mr. Keener continued his career with
Merit Energy, managing assets in the Midland
basin, Delaware basin and the Eastern Shelf. He
is an active member of the Society of Petroleum
Engineers (SPE).

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DJ SNYDER joined Packers


Plus Energy Services in May
2007, as an intern in the
Midland District Office, working
in the equipment assembly
shop. He spent the next six
years working his way from
operations to team lead of sales support. Prior
to joining Packers Plus, he was a roughneck for
Ensign Drilling in Wyomings Jonah eld. Mr.
Snyder graduated with a BS degree in
petroleum engineering, and a minor in
business, from Montana Tech of the University
of Montana in 2009. He is an active member of
SPE, AADE and YPE.
SAIFF EZELDIN joined Packers
Plus Energy Services in 2012, as
a technical sales support
engineer in Oklahoma City.
Prior to joining Packers Plus,
Mr. Ezeldin spent three years
working with Schlumberger
Oileld Services as a fracturing engineer in
Hobbs, N.M. He graduated with a BS degree in
mechanical engineering from Rutgers
University in 2008, followed by an MS degree
in energy management from Oklahoma City
University in 2014. He is an active member of
SPE and PMI.
CLIFF WOHLEB joined Packers
Plus Energy Services in June
2012 as a technical sales
representative in the Northeast
region, and then transferred to
the Dallas/Fort Worth region in
May 2013. Prior to joining
Packers Plus, he spent 20 years with
Halliburton in various positions, including
engineering, technical advisory, sales and
business development within the U.S., Africa,
Southeast Asia and Latin America. Mr. Wohleb
graduated with a BS degree in agricultural
engineering from Texas A&M University in 1992.

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World Oil/JUNE 201443

SPECIAL FOCUS: DRILLING AND WELL COMPLETION TECHNOLOGY

Real-time SAGR LWD improves Russian well success


GEOLOGIC CHALLENGES

In the complex geology of


Russias Verkhnechonskoye
condensate eld, the
ability to build an accurate
petrophysical model, to
describe the present mineral
composition, was a challenge.
An enhanced understanding
of the reservoir was achieved
through the use of real-time,
spectral azimuthal, gamma
ray logging-while-drilling.

ILDAR KHANAFIN, Weatherford Drilling


Services; and ALEXEY PETROV and BATOR
DARMAEV, Verkhnechonskneftegaz
The use of real-time, spectral azimuthal,
gamma ray (SAGR) logging methods while
drilling horizontally enhanced reservoir
understanding in Eastern Siberia.
44JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

To stay within optimal reservoir characteristics in Russias Verkhnechonskoye


oil and gas condensate field, geosteering
is challenged by complex geological conditions. The fields main reservoir section
is difficult to understand, and building a
detailed and accurate petrophysical model
describing the mineral composition of the
section is a significant task. In addition to
eight neighboring exploration blocks, the
field is one of a handful of high-priority
Rosneft projects in Eastern Siberia.
The use of real-time, spectral azimuthal, gamma ray (SAGR) logging methods,
while drilling horizontally, enhanced reservoir understanding. Timely identification
of highly radioactive and producing gravelites informed geosteeering, to accurately
place the wellbore within the most productive zones. Since the initial application in
2012, 11 horizontal wells in the field have
been drilled with geosteering systems,
using the SAGR logging-while-drilling
(LWD) sensors.

Verkhnechonskoye field, northeast of


Irkutsk, is the largest field in Eastern Siberia. The 1,481-sq-km field was discovered
in 1978, and its active development phase
started in 2007.
While there are several commercially
producing horizons, the fields main oil
reserves are confined to the VC1 and VC2
formations. The two formations are lithologically represented by clastic sedimentary material, with grain sizes ranging from
fine-textured lutaceous fractions to gravelite of mainly quartz or quartz-feldspathic
composition.
The VC2 formation has beds of gravelites with good permeability of 900 mD
to 1,000 mD, and porosity of 16% to 18%.
Gravelites are also present in the VC1 formation, but their permeability and porosity is worse; porosity is 6% to 12%, and
permeability is typically in the 0.1-mDto-100-mD range, although it may sometimes reach 1,000 mD. This permeability
and porosity decrease results from rock
salinization. Sandstones of VC1 and VC2
formations are anisometric, with sand sizes
varying from very fine to very coarse. The
cement ranges from film to porous-film,
and is clayey and sometimes carbonaceous,
and/or sulphate and asphaltic.
The distinctive feature of reservoir
rocks of Verkhnechonskoyes horizon is
nearly ubiquitous, but very non-uniform,
salinization. In some zones, halite content
in the pore space increases to result in complete loss of permeability and porosity. In
addition, individual rock varieties contain
a significant quantityas high as several
percent of the rock volumeof accessory
minerals, such as monazite and ferruginous elements that have abnormal physical
properties of radioactivity and density.
SAGR REQUIREMENTS

A standard LWD suite of gamma ray,


density, thermal neutron porosity and
electromagnetic tools was used to build an
accurate petrophysical model, describing
the actual mineral composition of this sec-

DRILLING AND WELL COMPLETION TECHNOLOGY

tion. However, the data could not provide


detailed and accurate identification of accessory minerals with abnormal properties. In addition, poor density differentiation between clays and saline sandstones
requires determination of the geologic
structure, to be based on azimuthal density images.
The search for a solution led to using
spectral gamma-ray logging, based on a
three-component analysispotassium,
uranium and thorium (K, U, Th)of the
rock. Wireline spectral gamma-ray logging was performed in open hole, but the
approach lacked critical timeliness. Realtime, wireline-quality spectral gammaray logging data, obtained while drilling,
provided more current data for building
an accurate petrophysical model, and enabled faster geological decision-making.
This real-time logging capability was
achieved with a unique SAGR technology.
Azimuthal measurements using Weatherfords Spectral Wave tool make it possible
to identify reservoir rock lithology that is
problematic, or impossible, with conventional logging techniques. The tool enables the construction of higher-precision

models through determination of the


K/U/Th percentage to update the mineral
composition of reservoir rocks. The realtime gamma ray images also provide data
for geosteering.
In Verkhnechonskoye, the tool enabled
a range of tasks while drilling the horizontal section. Gravelite identification was
performed through lithological stratification of the section. To define reservoir
beds, the tool provided updates of rock
lithotypes by K and Th content. It was
also possible to identify mechanical facies
to inform the hydraulic fracturing design.
Qualitative clay typing was produced from
potassium concentration curves.
GRAVELITES AND CRUSTS

Gravelites are one of the main potential


drilling targets in the field, based on their
permeability of 900 mD to 1,000 mD,
and porosity of 16% to 18%. Gravelite is
a medium- and coarse-grained sedimentary rock, whose clastic sediments are
represented by clasts larger than 2 mm.
The main mineral components are quartz,
feldspar and mica. The rock has a high
natural radioactivity, due to the accessory

mineral monazite, which results in a level


increase in the thorium content curve over
the potassium and uranium curves.
Drilling in these gravelites is complicated by heavy lateral variation in the
middle part of VC2 formation, where
the gravelites stratigraphic thickness
decreases and pinches out, and rock salinization and clay cement characteristics
change. The beds of the gravelites are
above a weathering crust, which increases the risk of penetrating the production
interval. Weathering crust is a continental geologic formation formed on the
earths surface, as a result of sediment
source rock modification under the influence of liquid and gaseous atmospheric agents. These are impermeable rocks
characterized by high density, growing
resistance, increased potassium content,
and very low permeability and porosity.
The main composition of the weathering
crust is dense, deflated and disintegrated
granites, with clayey invasions along subvertical cavities and fractures. As a result, drilling these rocks leads to greater
downhole equipment wear and resulting
increases in well construction time.

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DRILLING AND WELL COMPLETION TECHNOLOGY

GEOSTEERING SUMMARY

To address these challenges, the


wells horizontal section was drilled
with a geosteering assembly comprised
of a Triple Combo suite, plus a Spectral Wave tool and a rotary steerable
system (RSS).
The Triple Combo suite measured
dogleg severity and inclination, and
logged electromagnetic, thermal neu-

tron porosity and density data. The


Spectral Wave tool is added to this assembly about 9.5 m from the bit.
The Spectral Wave sensor uses large,
gain-stabilized scintillation detectors
(three in the 6-in. tool and one in the
4-in. tool). The detectors are in pockets on the outside of the drill collar,
which reduces the steel between the detector and the formation. The detector
Fig. 1. A geological
model displayed
information about the
behavior of geological
structure in real time.

placement produces more accurate data


by shielding the back and sides of the
detectors, to reduce spectral smearing of
the gamma ray energies and azimuthally
focus the measurement.
Total gamma-ray log precision is enhanced by the high count achieved with
the large detectors, even at fast drilling
rates. This facilitates more accurate wellto-well correlation in geosteering applications. The tool also incorporates X-Y
magnetometers to track the azimuthal
position of the detectors as the tool rotates. This allows acquisition of 16-bin,
azimuthal, total gamma ray data for realtime and recorded borehole images.
The first pilot testing of this logging
suite, in combination with geosteering
services at Verkhnechonskoye field, was
performed during August 2012. Pre-job
planning was essential to ensure that the
response of the Spectral Wave tool in the
given geological environment was understood. Data from an offset well was
used to model the tool and electromagnetic responses for the lateral. The 8in. landing section, drilled and surveyed
by another contractor, was also modeled

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DRILLING AND WELL COMPLETION TECHNOLOGY

Fig. 2. The
petrophysical
composite log
displayed intervals of
reservoir rocks with
high radioactivity.

to ensure correct positioning of the borehole, prior to the 6-in. drilling phase.
The geosteering was based on offset well
correlation, real-time monitoring and active
geosteering decisions. The main geosteering objective was to ensure that the well
remained within the best reservoir characteristic subzones along the well path in the
VC2 formation. This involved drilling approximately 800 m across the 6-in. section
from the 8-in. casing. VC2 was anticipated to be approximately 20 m thick and,
based on available seismic information, appeared to be unfaulted with a gentle structure dip, approximately 1 to 3, with expectations of structure rollover with depth.
Geological models were constructed
to display information about the behavior
of geological structure in real time. Threecomponent analysis of the Spectral Wave
tool, in combination with Triple Combo
logs, provided data on lithological stratification, reservoir porosity and permeability, the nature of radioactivity, and borehole images.
Based on this information, geosteering specialists determined the angles of
the geological structure. In Fig. 1, Tracks
2 and 3 show the gamma ray image and
density image. The short distance from
the bit to the Spectral Wave sensor allows acquisition of timely image information on rock lithotype and the behavior
angles of the geological structure. This
allows geosteering specialists to confine
precious wellbore footage to the pay zone
(sandstone and gravelite), and target it for
greater profitability.
As shown in the model, the deviation
of the actual borehole profile from the
planned one is associated with the realtime information obtained by geosteering
specialists while drilling, which enabled
placement of the wellbore trajectory in
48JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

the most productive part of the reservoir.


Data interpretation of spectral LWD provided geosteering specialists and geologists with important information about
reservoir porosity and permeability, and
the qualitative lithological profile.
The petrophysical composite log in another well, Fig. 2, displays intervals of reservoir rocks with high radioactivity (Track
3the red curve), the nature of which is
related to thorium, a radioactive element.
They are gravestones with good reservoir
properties. In the composite log, gravestone intervals have a high level of thorium
component (Track 5the green curve),
which mainly consists of such rock-forming minerals as quartz, feldspar and mica.
In the middle of the composite log,
there is a non-reservoir interval, namely, a
weathering crust, which consists of granite rocks. A reduction is seen in the overall
background of natural radioactivity (Track
3the red curve), and a reduced concentration of thorium component (Track
5the green curve), but an increased potassium component (Track 5the blue
curve) due to the change of rock-forming
minerals, namely, granites. Drilling this
weathered crust rock results in high loads
and vibration that leads to rapid bit wear
and downhole equipment failure.
CONCLUSION

The main objective of keeping the well


within the VC2 formation, and in the best
formation subzones, was achieved through
the use of spectral azimuthal, gamma ray
logging methods. Remote determination
of formation dip permitted the well to be
steered within the VC2 layer at all times,
and allowed for corrective action to be
taken quickly, to minimize the interval out
of the clean sand layer and to maximize the
exposure to the most permeable zone.

Drilling results achieved approximately a 73% opening efficiency in


the reservoir, with 120 m of the total
500 m drilled in gravelites in the lower
section of the VC2 formation. In addition, a high rate of penetration, at an
average of 4050 m/hr, was achieved by
minimizing the proportion of dense formation drilled. Use of the RSS drilling
system ensured a smooth borehole trajectory, which allowed continuous rotation of the BHA, so that continuous azimuthal data could be delivered from the
Spectral Wave tool. The result was exceptional trajectory control and real-time
formation evaluation in a geologically
complex formation.
ILDAR KHANAFIN, a
geosteering engineer in
Techinformservice (TIS) at
Weatherford Drilling Services,
has worked at Weatherford for
more than three years. Mr.
Khanan is part of the Russian
geosteering team, dealing with real-time imaging
and image interpretation, building geological
models during geosteering, and deploying
unique LWD systems. He graduated from Russian
State Geological Prospecting University, named
after Sergei Ordzhonikidze. Mr. Khanan started
his oil and gas career in 2008, as an engineergeophysicist at Gazprom Geophysics. In 2011,
became an MWD engineer with TIS, and was
later promoted to an LWD engineering position.
ALEXEY PETROV has been
working as a lead geologist in
Verkhnechonskneftegazs
geology exploration
department for three years,
dealing with a wide range of
issues, from exploration
program development to substantiation of
eld development strategies. He is a member
of a multidisciplinary team in charge of
geosteering, and developing drilling
strategies. He is also responsible for reserves
estimation, in accordance with international
reserves classication, geological support of
eld development planning and 3D
geological modeling. Mr. Petrov holds an MS
degree from Royal Holloway University of
London, and is a 2010 graduate of Perm State
Technical University.
BATOR DARMAEV has worked
for Verkhnechonskneftegaz as
a lead petrophysicist since
2012. He is responsible for
integrated interpretation of
logging data obtained in
carbonaceous and terrigenous
reservoirs, while drilling vertical and horizontal
wells; development of core analysis programs
for reserves estimation; and eld development
monitoring. He provides monitoring and
support for petrophysical models, geological
and simulation modeling, enhanced logging
suites, and well testing. Mr. Darmaev
graduated from Tomsk Polytechnic University.
In 2010, he began his career as an engineer in
a logging crew, and was later promoted to a
crew chief position.

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CORE ANALYSIS

Digital core ow simulations accelerate


evaluation of multiple recovery scenarios
Digital core ow simulations can
now replicate familiar lab results.
Consequently, operators will be able
to dramatically shorten traditional
cycle times, better understand
increasingly complex reservoirs
before making costly eld decisions,
and maximize both short-term
production and long-term recovery.

MARK A. ANDERSEN, Schlumberger


Analyses of rock samples in laboratories worldwide provide a wealth of information about key rock
and fluid properties, including lithology, porosity,
permeability, fluid saturation and multiphase flow,
enabling operators to better characterize pore systems in oil and gas reservoirs. Physical core measurements allow geoscientists and reservoir engineers to
better understand depositional environments, evaluate exploratory wells, assess field redevelopment potential, and investigate early production strategies, as
well as improved recovery scenarios.
To boost recovery in conventional sandstone and
carbonate reservoirs, it is essential to identify which
fluid types, injection rates, volumes, and other engineering parameters are likely to have the greatest
impact on performance. In unconventional shales
and mudstones with complex vertical and lateral heterogeneities, it is vital to determine which subtle rock
textures exhibit the greatest producibility. Traditional
core analysis can help, of course. However, as reservoir engineering becomes more complex to deal with
current challenges, core analysts must understand
and realistically model pore geometries and fluid behaviors at pore scales. In addition, obtaining physical
core measurements under different boundary conditions can take months, even years, to complete.
Emerging digital core technologies and pore-scale
flow simulations are beginning to complementand
enhancetraditional laboratory techniques. IntegratUsing digital rock and digital uid models, CoreFlow
simulation delivers ow and oil recovery information
to help optimize reservoir recovery (image courtesy of
Schlumberger).
50JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

ed physical and digital rock and fluid workflows promise to accelerate the evaluation of multiple scenarios,
improve decision-making, and maximize production
and ultimate recovery from highly complex reservoirs.
DIGITAL ROCK MODELING

Traditional core analysis can be time-consuming.


Consider the steps involved in a typical relative permeability test. First, rock samples are cut from the
whole core and cleaned, which can take from days
to weeks and, in some cases, more than a month. Often, fluids must be recombined, which can also take
several weeks. Saturating rock samples with fluids,
and allowing time for core and fluids to reach equilibrium requires approximately 40 days. Most relative permeability tests analyze roughly six equilibrium points, each of which takes three to five days, or
an additional 18 to 30 days to obtain the initial set of
curves. All told, a single test can take three months
or more. To run a second test on the same core, the
sample must be cleaned again, which may require
less time, but still, roughly a week. The core must be
resaturated with fluid and equilibrated, which takes
another 40 days. Finally, obtaining a second set of
relative permeability curves requires several more
weeks to a month.
If an operator wanted to investigate multiple production strategies and improved recovery scenarios,
it could literally take years to run them all, using traditional laboratory techniques. Since few companies
have the time or budget, most settle for a base-case
scenarioan engineering evaluation to estimate the
best-case scenario, and a second lab test. Frequently,
this is the end of core analysis, at which point, an executive decision may be madebased on just two
testseither to implement the recovery scenario, or
to suspend the project. In some cases, risky trial-anderror experiments are conducted in the field, injecting various fluids under differing boundary conditions to see what happens. The danger, of course, is
that permanent reservoir damage can occur, which
has serious, long-term economic consequences.
Ideally, most oil and gas companies would prefer to
test many more scenarios in far less time. For several
decades, therefore, researchers have been investigating
ways of using digital images of core samples to extract
useful reservoir information. In the 1980s, for example,
universities began digitizing thin sections from cores,
trying to calculate capillary pressure and relative permeability, without impressive results. Later, research

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CORE ANALYSIS

Fig. 1. Digital rock and uid analytics services use results of


laboratory evaluations, such as uid properties tests, as input to
digital core analysis. Running multiple digital scenarios provides
guidance for additional physical laboratory measurements, such
as ow studies (image courtesy of Schlumberger).

laboratories began using medical imaging technology to scan


cores and create various digital rock models for core analysis.
Only in the past five years, however, have digital rock technologies been commercialized successfully. And only within the last
year or so, have core analysts, petrophysicists and operators begun to accept the potential viability of digital approaches.
Why has there been such skepticism until recently? First,
vendors initially overstated the capabilities of digital rock modeling. Claims were made that digital core analysis would replace
traditional lab techniques, which has never been feasible. Second, digital rock models lacked sufficient validation from physical measurements to convince specialists that they could realistically simulate multi-phase fluid flow through complex pore
systems. In fact, most providers focused primarily on modeling

Fig. 2. Flow through the pore spaces of rock samples can


be visualized after running a scenario in the DHD simulator.
In the image, the grains are rendered invisible so the uid
saturation locations can more easily be seen (image courtesy of
Schlumberger).

the rocks, not the fluids, hence the term digital rock. In addition, no one could actually perform both digital and physical
core analyses on the same rock sample in the same facility. Third
parties, different core plugs, and inevitable delays in obtaining
final lab results were not uncommon. Discrepanciesoften significant onesbetween the digital and physical measurements
were inevitable, especially in heterogeneous reservoirs.
Finally, digital modeling suffered either from oversimplified
pore geometries, oversimplified fluid properties, or both. For
example, one technique retained the overall complexity of the
rocks pore spaces, while reducing their actual geometries to a
network of artificial tubes and spheres. A newer method successfully retained the true geometry of the pores, but fluid dynamics
remained overly simplistic. Neither digital rock approach could
realistically simulate the highly complex chemistry and physics of
fine, pore-scale rock-fluid and fluid-fluid interactions.
All these shortcomings raised genuine concerns in the minds
of astute observers. Uncertainties at the beginning of a project
could lead to unreliable results farther down the road. Therefore, to take digital core analysis to the next level, more integrated processes and more realistic flow simulations were necessary.
INTEGRATING PHYSICAL AND DIGITAL ANALYSIS

In December 2013, Schlumberger introduced CoreFlow


digital rock and fluid analytics services, Fig. 1. This new, integrated approach is unique in two ways. For one thing, physical
and digital core techniques are fully integrated in the same laboratory, using the same rock sample for both types of analysis.
Physical measurements refine the digital model, while digital
flow scenarios guide subsequent lab tests in an iterative manner,
rather than in a sequential series of steps.
More importantly, complex multiphase pore-scale flow
simulations are carried out using a new breakthrough technology known as direct hydrodynamic (DHD) simulation, Fig. 2.
World Oil/JUNE 201453

CORE ANALYSIS

Fig. 3. An adsorption isotherm test determines the volume of gas


that can adsorb onto the pores of a shale or coal sample. These
pore spaces in unconventional materials can be evaluated using
SEM digital imaging and analysis techniques (image courtesy of
Schlumberger).

Fig. 4. Scanning electron microscopy image shows quartz


overgrowths that have formed on quartz grains in a core sample
(image courtesy of Schlumberger).

Unlike conventional digital rock approaches, DHD simulations


correctly represent real pore geometries, real fluid properties,
and real rock-fluid/fluid-fluid behaviorswithout oversimplifying any of these vital components. Thus, digital simulations
enable geoscientists and engineers to evaluate numerous production or improved recovery scenarios in a fraction of the time
required by traditional lab methods, alone.
Workflow integration. In either a conventional or unconventional reservoir, the integrated workflow typically begins
by imaging the whole 4-in.-diameter core, using a helical dualenergy computed tomography (CT) scanner, leaving the rock
and fluids sealed inside the original sleeve. Cross-sectional
images of rock, spaced as close as 0.5 mm apart, are used to
construct a slice-by-slice 3D movie of the whole core. Then,
heterogeneous rock types and flow units can be color-coded
to help asset geologists identify and prioritize reservoir zones
for more detailed physical and digital core analysis.
Next, sample plugs of sufficient size are taken from selected locations to allow core analysts both to physically measure rock properties and to digitally image the same plug. By
cutting a 48-mm sample plug from the whole core, it is no
longer necessary to test two, slightly different samples. This
enables a one-to-one comparison of physical and digital results, minimizing or eliminating the uncertainties that arise
from subtle differences between even closely spaced plugs.
Once a samples physical properties have been measured, if
it is a conventional sandstone or carbonate, micron-scale or
microCT imaging comes next. In an unconventional shale or
mudstone, nano-scale imaging with a scanning electron microscope (SEM) is more appropriate, Figs. 3 and 4.
MicroCT imaging effectively resolves clastic and carbonate
grains and pores in samples with micron-scale resolution. Technicians shine X-rays through each sample to obtain a backscatter
image, rotate the sample a 10th of a degree, take another image,
and continue rotating until 3,600 backscatter images provide
a full 360 view. Running a mathematical inversion on the microCT data enables them to construct a high-resolution, 3D digital image of the rock. Additional processing creates a digital rock
model through which various core flow simulations can be run.
SEM analysis of shales and mudstones provides an order-ofmagnitude higher magnification, imaging grains, pores and cap-

illaries at nanometer scales. First, the sample surface is flattened,


using a focused argon-ion beam, and a 2D image is captured.
Then, by repeatedly milling away the surface, and taking an additional 200 to 500 images of the slices, a 3D volume, about the
diameter of a human hair (less than 100 microns), is created.
Flow in unconventional reservoirs is controlled by pores associated with minerals, which are extremely tiny compared with
conventional rocks, as well as pores associated with organic material, which can be as small as 20 nanometers in diameter.
After imaging by microCT or SEM, the static 3D digital rock
model is entered into the DHD simulator, along with a dynamic
digital fluid model, derived directly from physical fluid analysis.
DHD simulation. The theory and physical principles underlying direct hydrodynamic simulation date back to the 19th
century, originally in the field of thermodynamics. In the earlyto-mid-20th century, the theory was utilized more broadly in
physics and chemistry. In the 1990s, it was finally applied to
compositional hydrodynamics by a Russian scientist, who subsequently joined the Schlumberger Research Center in Moscow.
Formal development of the DHD simulator, itself, began about
five years ago. It was commercially introduced in late 2013. This
unique technology accurately simulates real multiphase, multicomponent fluid flow through digital rock models that honor
real pore geometries, even at very fine scales. Its technical capabilities have been documented extensively in more than 20
academic papers and one book.
A combined digital and physical core analysis study can begin by establishing an initial base-case from rigorous laboratory
analysis, and confirming that the DHD core flow simulation is
a good match with the physical measurements. At this point,
the true power of the digital approach becomes apparent. In the
time that it would normally take to run one more physical core
testto evaluate a presumed best-case scenarioanalysts can
perform severalperhaps four to eightcomplicated digital
rock and multiphase fluid simulations.
Scenario evaluation. To plan improved recovery operations
in conventional reservoirs, operators could rapidly compare, for
example, the relative sweep efficiencies of gas or waterflooding under different initial injection rates, wettability conditions, and pressure drop scenarios, at varying distances from
the wellbore. Digitally investigating multiple flow scenarios in

54JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

2012 2D data
2013 2D data
(pending export license)

Barents
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BARENTS SEA

Cross-border knowledge for the 23rd Licensing Round


PGS now offers 2D seismic data in the Russian Barents Sea and Kara Sea to
support your organization in the 23rd Licensing Round in Norway. The survey
covers the former disputed zone between Russia and Norway. The data is crucial to
understanding of the deposition of source and reservoir intervals across the border.
Seismic interpretation and basin modelling will also be performed and will tie to the
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Contact us today to nd out more.
YSTEIN LIE
+47 93 08 56 61 oystein.lie@pgs.com
NICOLAI BENJAMIN DAHL +47 92 49 39 31 nicolai.dahl@pgs.com

CORE ANALYSIS

less time empowers the asset teams to make more confident


technical and financial decisions, to focus on the geological and
engineering parameters that represent the greatest risks, and
to optimize those risks with the greatest potential to increase
ultimate recovery. Even in the primary production stage, DHD
simulation enables operators to assess the economic impact of
moving from single-phase to two-phase fluid flow.
The value of digital DHD rock and fluid simulation in unconventional reservoirs lies in its ability to quantitatively distinguish the relative producibility of different rock textures.
Traditional core analysis often cannot differentiate subtle
heterogeneities in shales, due to extremely small sample sizes.
Thus, physical measurements tend to average flow characteristics across several distinct textures. Arming engineers with the
relative producibility of specific argillaceous, calcareous and siliceous zones would allow them to design better hydraulic fracture completions. Once petrophysicists know which textures
matter, these textures can be located elsewhere in the reservoir
through optical examination of drill cuttings.
DIGITAL ROCK AND FLUID MODEL VALIDATION

Prior to commercialization, DHD core flow simulations


through pore-scale digital rock models were rigorously benchmarked against both physical models and real rocks. Comparisons have been made with experimental flow studies using 2D
micromodels, standard reference curves from core analysis in
the classic literature, and pore flooding of actual rocks, imaged
in real time with advanced X-ray microtomography.

The actual behavior of multi-phase fluids through various


pore and capillary geometries is well known from experimental studies flooding etched glass micromodels in the lab. Digital DHD simulations have properly replicated pore filling and
displacement behaviors of wetting and non-wetting phases in
simple models, including crossing flow paths, narrow capillaries connecting two pores, pore doublets or capillaries that
split into channels of two different sizes before reconnecting,
and networks of pores and flow paths.
Analysis of improved recovery scenarios aims at achieving
the lowest possible residual oil saturation, which depends,
in part, on different capillary numbersthe ratio of viscous
forces to capillary forces. To validate DHD simulations against
data from the literature, waterflooding of an oil-saturated digital model of a real sandstone was modeled at different capillary numbers until residual oil saturation was negligible. The
resulting capillary desaturation curve corresponded well with
published curves, measured physically in very similar sandstone samples.
Finally, Shell researchers used fast, synchrotron-based Xray microCT imaging to validate DHD modeling of digital
two-phase fluid dynamics. First, the distribution of oil in a
physical rock sample was imaged before, during and after a
series of pore filling events. Next, the simulator reproduced
selected events using the same initial conditions as the experimentfluid properties, pore geometries and flow regimes.
The resulting experimental and digital geometries of oil distribution, as well as displaced fluid volumes, were in quite good
agreement. In fact, the digital simulation was able to visualize
even more complexities, at more time steps during pore filling
events, than fast microCT imaging.
FUTURE IMPLICATIONS

World-class Oileld
Services Provider
in the Middle East

ALMANSOORI SPECIALIZED ENGINEERING


P.O. Box 3374, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Tel: +971 2 8157000/6594500/6594600, Fax: +971 2 6784638
Email: info@almansoori.biz, Web: www.almansoori.biz

56JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

By combining rigorous physical testing in the laboratory


with advanced 3D imaging and direct hydrodynamic simulation technologies, core analysts are finally demonstrating the
validity of digital rock and fluid analytics. There is no reason,
however, to believe that digital core analysis can, or ever will,
replace physical analysis. Laboratory testing will always be
essential to anchor digital models in the ground truth, found
only in real rocks and fluids.
Nevertheless, as more petrophysicists, geologists and
reservoir engineers see that digital core flow simulations
can actually replicate familiar lab results, they may decide
to forego further, time-consuming physical tests, when they
need to evaluate additional recovery strategies. As a result,
operators will begin to dramatically shorten traditional cycle
times, better understand increasingly complex reservoirs before making costly field decisions, and maximize both shortterm production and long-term recovery from oil and gas
assets worldwide.
MARK A. ANDERSEN is Schlumbergers domain head
for core physics and manager of the digital core
analysis group at Schlumberger Reservoir Laboratory
in Houston. Dr. Andersen is the author of many
technical papers focused on wettability and production
rock mechanics, and is the author of a book on
reservoir properties of North Sea chalks. He earned a
BS degree in engineering physics from the University of Oklahoma at
Norman, Okla., and MS and PhD degrees in physics from The Johns
Hopkins University in Baltimore, Md.

Results speak.
Frac sand and formation
fines were killing our ESPs in
just a few months. We installed
Summits Defender Super
Sand SealTM in two wells over
a year ago, and they are still
running great.

A customer operating Mississippian wells in Alfalfa County, OK was fed up with the
short run life experienced using ESPs provided by other major ESP suppliers. The
abrasive frac sand and formation fines were destroying their ESPs in four to six
months, costing the operator $95,000* and $135,000* in OPEX and deferred production for each failure.
Summit ESP stepped up to the plate with their proprietary AR1:1 pump, coated
stages and patent-pending Defender Super Sand Seal design. Summits pumping
system provided robust, continuous operation in the harsh, abrasive environment.
Two wells were installed with Summit ESP equipment in the winter of 2012. Summits
exemplary customer service and superior abrasion-resistant and sand-exclusion
technology exceeded the customers expectations. As of March 2014, neither well
has experienced any failures.
Summit ESP has the longest Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF) of the ESP suppliers
in this field.

DEFENDER

TM

You cant afford to ignore results.

Summits Defender seal


with patent-pending
sand-exclusion technology

* At $85/bbl and $4/mcf used to calculate deferred production value.

www.summitesp.com

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

Whats new in articial lift?

JOE D. WOODS, International Pinpoint;


JAMES F. LEA, PL Tech LLC; and HERALD W.
WINKLER, Texas Tech University
Continuing last months Whats new
in artificial lift? discussion, this report
covers recent developments in the areas of
electric submersible pumps (ESPs), progressive cavity pumps (PCPs) and plunger
lift developments.
The method used in choosing an artificial lift system is too often a weve always
done it this way decision process, rather
than a strategic plan based on thorough operational and cost analyses. Hence, before
profiling several product developments,
we want to underscore yet again the importance of proper lift system selection.
To that end, Weatherford provided us
a recent case history involving what might
typically have been an ESP application.
However, upon analysis, the operator determined there was a good alternative.
ESP vs. LONG-STROKE ROD PUMP

In the oil field, conventional wisdom


holds that the rod lift artificial lift method
is suitable for wells producing at rates of
200 bpd or less. Of course this is heavily
dependant on the depth of the well and
weight of the fluid column. So, under the
right conditions, some might put this rate
as high as 400 bpd or even 600 bpd.
However, most low-rate ESPs (up to
1,000 bpd to 1,500 bpd) feature low efficiencies compared to higher rate ESPs.
This can result in increased power costs
and reduced runlife. From a cost structure
perspective, the bulk of ESP system costs
are concentrated in the downhole equipment, which generally can have a lower
runlife compared to surface-centric lift sys-

tems. Hence, investing in an ESP system


might appear to be riskier than investing in
alternative lift methods, whose cost structure is concentrated in the surface equipment with a runlife of 20 years or more.
Like conventional beam/rod pump
systems, long-stroke pumping units employ sucker rods connected to a downhole
pump. However, the surface equipment is
fundamentally different for the long-stroke
unit, as the pumpjack is replaced with a
vertical unit that is shipped and installed at
the wellsite in one piece, Fig. 1.
As its name implies, when compared to
a beam pumping unit, a long-stroke system
has a longer stroke length. These units also
operate at fewer strokes or cycles per minute (an average of 3.75 strokes/min. vs. an
average of 8 strokes/min. for conventional
surface pumps). During a large part of its
pump cycle, the long-stroke units rod
string moves at a relatively steady velocity.
This results in fewer acceleration-deceleration cycles and fewer rod reversals.
Long-stroke units use a torque arm with
a shorter radius than the distance between
the saddle bearing and the horsehead on a
beam/rod unit. This transmits power at a
lower torque, and extends the applicability
of the long-stroke unit to a wider range of
production rates and well depths.
For well servicing, after disconnecting
the bridle and carrier bar from the polished rod, the long-stroke unit is rolled
away from the wellhead without any
further disassembly. When a workover
is completed, the unit is rolled back into
place, and the carrier bar is reconnected
to the polished rod. Hence, the longstroke units often can provide simpler
well servicing.
Long-stroke units routinely achieve
up to 1,500 bpd at 6,000 ft (1,800 m)
and 100 bpd at 10,000 ft (3,000 m). In
shallow wells, which are typically nonESP applications, long-stroke units can
deliver production rates exceeding 4,000
bpd, Fig. 2. In some cases, they can provide greater operational efficiency than
ESPs at similar depths.

While ESPs can be prone to premature failures, a long-strokes downhole rod


pump is usually more tolerant to extreme
downhole conditions.
In this case history, a mature oil well
provided an opportunity to compare operating expenses (OPEX) of an ESP and a
long-stroke pumping unit. The wells production had slowly declined from an initial
rate of 3,000 bpd to less than 1,200 bpd.
The existing ESP pump was nearing the
end of its operating life and running at 30
Hz in a down-thrust condition. The operator was forced to replace the downhole lift
Fig. 1. The Weatherford Rotaex longstroke pumping unit (foreground).

Fig. 2. General operating ranges for ESPs


vs. reciprocating rod pumps (RPP).

16,000

Depth, ft

Part 2: In this second of two


monthly reports, the authors
highlight innovations in ESPs,
PCPs and plunger lift systems.

ESP
0

RRP

95,000
Production, stbopd

World Oil/JUNE 201459

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

Table 1. Well parameters for the candidate well.


Initial Flow Rate
Current Flow Rate
Oil API
Fluid Mixture SG
Production Level
Tubing Head Pressure
Tubing Length
Tubing OD
Power Cost

Fig. 3. Summit Corsair high-efficiency ESP


motor.

3,000 bpd at 65% water cut


1,180 bpd at 97.5% water cut
18.2
1
3,650 ft (1,112 m)
220 psi
4,520 ft (1,378 m)
4.5 in.
$0.10 per kWh

Table 2. OPEX comparisons for the ESP and the long-stroke pumping unit.
Total system sales price
Downhole pump price
Total price, %
Total downhole price
Total price, %
VSD
Rig time, days
Workover cost
Failure rate/3 years
Workover cost over 3 years for 15 wells
Power cost/3 years for 15 wells
Savings from the use of Long Stroke System
Power cost reduction
Workover cost reduction
Inventory cost reduction
OPEX reduction

system ahead of imminent ESP failure. The


well parameters for the evaluation process
are shown in Table 1.
Both lift systems in this geographic region have essentially the same sales price,
but the overall OPEX associated with the
ESP is $3,670,020 higher, Table 2.
The reason for the significant OPEX
difference is in the price breakdown of
both systems. For the long-stroke system,
total downhole price comprises the cost of
the rod pump and sucker rods, while the
ESP price comprises the downhole pump
assembly (multi-stage centrifugal pump,
intake, protector, motor and power cable).
Focusing on the long-stroke system,
the $9,000 represents the price of the
downhole reciprocating rod pump. The total downhole price represents the price of
the rod pump plus the sucker rods ($9,000
+ $50,000 = $59,000). For the long stroke
system, the cost of the variable speed drive
(VSD) represents only the price of the
drive, since a step-up transformer is not
required.
For the ESP, $145,000 represents the
price of the downhole pump, intake, protector and motor. The total downhole
price ($235,000) includes the downhole
assembly ($145,000) plus the power cable
($90,000). The VSD price includes a load
filter and a step-up transformer.
60JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

Long Stroke System


$300,000
$9,000
3%
$59,000
20%
$45,000
1
$12,950
1
$194,250
$27,000
$3,670,020
37%
91%
94%
62%

ESP
$300,000
$145,000
48%
$235,000
78%
$65,000
1
$148,950
1
$2,234,250
$435,000

Additionally, the workover cost for


the ESP is 91% higher than for the longstroke unit. Workover costs include rig
rental cost, cost of deferred production and the replacement price of a
downhole pump.
OPEX is estimated as a sum of
workover cost (assuming a reasonable
rate of one failure per three years), power
cost for three years, and the cost of three
downhole pumps used as inventory for an
oilfield consisting of 15 such wells.
For the ESP, for example, this works out
to $2,234,250 (workover cost over three
years for 15 wells considering run life of
three years per well) + $3,271,860 (power
cost of ESP wells in this region for a life
span of three years) + $435,000 (three ESP
pumps at $145,000 each).
This exercise demonstrated that the
long-stroke pumping unit could provide
significant financial benefits in wells that
were traditionally considered to be lowand medium-flow ESP applications. While
both the ESP and the long-stroke pumping
unit can deliver a 1,180-bpd production
rate, the OPEX associated with the longstroke unit proved lower, due to benefits in
three major areas:
Power cost reduced 37%
Workover cost reduced 91%
Inventory cost reduced 94%.

This case history provides a good example of artificial lift system selection. For
a more detailed discussion regarding artificial lift system selection, refer to SPE paper
52157 entitled Selection of Artificial Lift
by James Lea and Henry Nickens. Also,
more useful system selection information
can be found in the Petroleum Engineering
Handbook, Volume IV: Production Operations Engineering.
ESP DEVELOPMENTS

An ESP downhole assembly will typically include the electric submersible pump, a
gas handler/separator or standard intake,
a seal section, a submersible motor with
a connected power cable that runs to the
surface, and often a downhole sensor package that communicates pump and wellbore
performance information back to a surface
interface system. The surface equipment
may include a VSD or switchboard, a motor protection system and/or an intelligent
control system. This year, we feature several
submissions related to ESP systems.

Another Bright idea

100%
solar-powered
wireless load cells.
100% proven.
Introducing fully wireless, 100% solar-powered wireless
load cells that offer easy, quick installation on pumping units
from Bright Automation. Proven in thousands of installations,
this advanced technology eliminates many common
failure points, delivering reliable performance, even in the
harshest environments.

Advanced control technology, intelligently applied.


www.BrightAutomation.com 281.378.1579 sales@BrightAutomation.com

Wireless Load Cells Inclinometers Rod Pump Controllers Inverters Variable Speed Drives Automated Pump Unit Balancing

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

Fig. 4. Summit Defender Super Sand seal


section.

Fig. 5. Nautilus power cable deployable


ESP system for 5-in. tubing/casing.

DC cable

(100 HP motor +)

Tubing
Power conversion module (PCM), 456 series
7-in. 26 lb/ft casing (or larger)
Standard motor, 456 series
5-in. tubing/casing
Special seal, 400 series
Pump discharge
Isolation/packoff
Bottom intake pump, 400 series
Perforations

High-efficiency ESP motors. Summit ESP has released a new line of motors,
dramatically increasing horsepower per rotor, efficiency and performance over legacy
62JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

design motor technology. The new Corsair


motors (Fig. 3) in both 456 series and 562
series have several distinct advantages that
allow for increased horsepower ratings
along with reduced operating temperatures, promoting reliability and extending
run life.
In these new motors, Summit has eliminated the recessed rotor, which required
motor bearings to be inserted into the rotor increasing friction, reducing cooling exposure and increasing heat to the system.
Eliminating the recessed rotor allows for
utilization of a wider motor bearing facilitating better heat transfer and internal
cooling properties.
The new motors offer positive locking bearings that are non-magnetic, which
eliminates concerns of bearings operating
outside of the brass lams used in other motors. Additionally, the motor shaft has added lubrication slots for each bearing. This
improves lubrication between the bearing
and sleeve and reduces internally generated heat and wear.
The motors employ coffin-shaped rotor
bars (which increase the copper content
by 22%), closed slot all steel stator laminations and double-wrapped polyimide insulated windings. For extreme temperatures
the double-wrapped polyimide windings
can be extruded with patent-pending Peek
insulation, which provides the benefits of
the insulations higher temperature rating
and maintains the advantages of the polyimides dielectric strength.
Improved seal section. As previously
mentioned, major downhole components
of an ESP system are an electric motor,
seal section, pump intake and centrifugal
pump. The motor is designed to operate
in well fluid and is generally protected
from well fluid ingress by means of a seal
section that is bolted directly to the top of
the motor. The seal section provides four
main functions: 1) provides a fluid barrier
between the well fluid and motor oil, 2)
allows for motor oil expansion, 3) provides pressure equalization, and 4) carries the thrust of the pump bolted directly
above the seal.
In many instances, produced fluids contain frac sand and/or formation reservoir
sand, which enters the pump along with
the fluid. While sand may wear the pump,
it generally does not pose a problem to the
seal, as long as the pump is operating. However, during shutdown the sand carried in
the produced fluids will fall back through
the pump and pump-intake, due to gravity.

The sand will accumulate at the top of the


seal section, which contains a mechanical
seal and vent port.
When the pump is put back into operation accumulated sand will remain at the
top of the seal. Over time, accumulation of
the sand will plug the vent port and prevent
well fluid from making good contact with
the mechanical seal faces, which must be
in contact with well fluid in order to cool
the faces. The sand can compact around
the mechanical seal and prevent well fluid
from transferring heat. The sealing faces
will overheat and lead to failure.
The vent port is used to vent expanding motor oil to the wellbore to maintain
equalized pressure. The expanding oil is
released through an internal check valve located inside the seal. If, as described above,
the vent port is blocked off, the seal cannot equalize pressure effectively. This will
cause a pressure build-up inside the seal to
such a degree that it will separate the mechanical seal faces. When this occurs, well
fluid and sand will enter the clean oil section of the seal.
A bronze bushing in most legacy manufactured seals is located inside the seal
section head, just below the mechanical
seal. Well fluid contamination and sand
will rapidly destroy the bronze bushing
causing a catastrophic failure due to loss
of shaft support. Most seals contain multiple chambers for redundancy. As the seal
chambers fail, eventually the shaft will fail,
due to side loads causing buckling.
The new patent-pending Defender
Super Sand seal section (Fig. 4) is a revolutionary design from Summit ESP that
eliminates concerns from sand contamination, upper mechanical seal failure and
shaft bushing overload due to incipient
buckling of the shaft. The top end of this
new seal has sand exclusion technology
added just above the mechanical seal. This
technology prevents sand from falling into
the mechanical seal eliminating the initial
mode for seal failures.
Additionally, a well fluid thrust bearing has been added to the design, along
with an improved head design, which allows for increased well fluid lubrication to
cool the bearing.
Relocating the thrust bearing to the top
of the seal greatly reduces any concerns of
buckling the shaft. The seal includes additional improvements that flush away any
accumulated debris from the mechanical
seal when the unit is stopped. The bronze
shaft bushing has been replaced with a self-

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

Fig. 6. Zeitecs rigless ESP Shuttle System.

Landing nipple
Seal bore
ESP cable

9-in. or 7-in.
casing

Docking station
Lubricator valve
W/L re-entry guide Retrievable
Permanent
components
components

GS W/L prole
Seal mandrel
Expansion seal asy
Space-out tubing
Adjustable union
Standard pump
Standard seal
Standard motor
ESP monitors
Motor connector
Connectors

Fig. 7. V2 Advantage system side-pocket


mounted downhole wet connector.

aligning carbide bushing set that will operate in contaminated well fluid conditions
and offers radial shaft support.
Power cable-deployable ESP system.
Zeitecs, Inc. recently announced the initial field installation of the Nautilus power
cable deployable ESP system, Fig. 5. The
second-generation system requires no
tubing-deployed semi-permanent components. Instead, it allows standard ESPs to
be deployed on ultra-strong DC coaxial
power cable. The equipment includes a
downhole power conversion module to
convert DC current back to AC to power
the standard, 3-phase induction motor.
This system is undergoing final field tests.
ESP shuttle system. Zeitecs also announced new installations of its rigless
ESP Shuttle System, Fig. 6. A downhole
docking station with a three-phase electrical wet-connector system is first deployed
at the bottom end of the production tubing
and then the standard ESP system (pump,
seal and motor) is run into the tubing on either wireline, coiled tubing or sucker rods.
Until recently the system required larger
tubing sizes, but it is now commercially
available to deploy the complete range of
standard ESP sizes from 562 series in 7-in.
casing to newly developed designs for 375
series in 41/2-in. tubing. The value proposition of this technology was confirmed re64JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

cently at an SPE Workshop, where a paper


was presented on the first rigless replacement of an ESP on CT in response to an
unexpected ESP failure.
Improved non-invasive ESP conveyance system. The Artificial Lift Company
(ALC) has released its new V2 Advantage
non-invasive ESP conveyance system. This
unique technology further simplifies the
ability of an operator to quickly and easily
install and retrieve ESP systems on slickline, without a rig. The system is designed
specifically for high-value wells, where access to the location is difficult, rig interventions are cost-prohibitive and where
subsequent delays in production cannot be
accepted. It is not unusual in these environments for an operator to lose up to 10% of
production to ESP downtime, in addition
to the high cost of replacing failed ESPs.
This rigless conveyance system combines a robust production-tubing landing string with a side-pocket-mounted
downhole wet connector (Fig. 7) and a
high-power permanent magnet motor
(PMM). The system provides easy installation and retrieval of ESP systems up to
400 hp via standard 0.125-in. slickline (or
coil or tractor) through 4.5-in. tubing (or
higher hp in larger tubing). It is compatible with 7-in. and larger casing, and can be
used with all ESP provider pumps (400 series), VSDs, cables, protectors and gauges.
With the ESP retrieved, full bore access is
achieved through the well, providing for a
multitude of intervention options.
Unlike conventional ESP deployment
techniques that require the use of a costly
workover rig, the V2 Advantage system
provides the ability to install and retrieve
ESP systems through a standard 4.5-in. lubricator, without killing the well.
The system has been developed to further increase reliability and address the
complicated installation processes used
with traditional ESP systems. An important component of the system is ALCs
fourth generation permanent magnet motor. The systems 3.75-in., 135-hp, singlepiece motor is only 9.6 ft long (compared
to more than 50 ft for a traditional ESP motor). Motors up to 400 hp are available for
this system (3.75-in., 26-ft long). The high
power density of these PMMs eliminates
the need to run tandem and triple ESP motors to achieve the desired power rating.
Baker Hughes software improves
ESP gas-handling capabilities. One of
the challenges most operators encounter
when producing oil wells is high levels of

gas entrained in the production fluid. The


presence of gas reduces the pumping efficiency of ESP systems and impacts the
bottom line. Gas accumulation prevents
fluid progression through the pump, which
creates gas locking and causes the system
to shut down or potentially become damaged, due to overheating. Gas handling is
often a slow, sometimes tedious process
with only limited success.
The Baker Hughes Electrospeed Advantage VSD has production software with
specific solutions for recurring ESP problems, including gas slugs and gas locking.
It features MaxRate software, which is designed to mitigate production interference
due to high gas content by automatically
purging accumulated gas and controlling
the draw down rate to achieve the operators target.
Gas is a common challenge for most
artificial lift systems. When gas collects in
low-pressure areas of an ESP system, fluid
progression through the pump stages is
blocked, resulting in a gas-lock condition.
Due to undulations in horizontally drilled
wells, gas tends to migrate to the highest
point of a horizontal wellbore creating a
gas slug. When an ESP encounters a gas
slug, the event can last several minutes or
longer. The VSD registers a decrease in
motor torque, indicating that the pump has
encountered enough gas to stop fluid flow.
The MaxRate software automatically
slows the system down to allow produced
fluid to backflow through the pump, flushing the gas bubbles from behind the impeller vanes. Once the gas lock is cleared, the
drive will ramp the motor frequency back
up to resume pumping. The software will
make several attempts to break the gas lock
condition. If it determines that the situation has not been cleared, a system shutdown will occur to prevent any damage to
the equipment string. During the gas purge
event, the ESP motor slows down while
back-flowing fluid runs past the unloaded
motor. This cools the motor and results in
extended run life for the ESP system.
The software also contains logic to
manage drawdown in challenging situations, such as horizontally completed wells
or wells with long-duration gas slugging.
By using a novel approach to downhole
pressure targets and control loops, operators can automatically manage fluid levels
and bottomhole pressure.
Halliburton software targets ESP
gas handling performance. Halliburton
Artificial Lift continues to refine its un-

PUMP POWER
Reliable Service. Flexible Design. Innovative Technologies.

Integrating 2 research and development centers, 10 world-class manufacturing


facilities, 25 service centers and more than 115 years of artificial lift experience,
Borets has built a powerhouse company focused on Electric Submersible Pump
(ESP) and Horizontal Pumping System (HPS) technologies.
With manufacturing capabilities of 10,000+ systems annually and 9,000+
employees (3,500+ dedicated field personnel), Borets has the POWER to develop,
build and service an efficient pumping solution that boosts production and profit.

R E L I A B L E

F L E X I B L E

I N N OVAT I V E

w w w . b o r e t s . c o m / l e a d e r

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

Fig. 9. New VSD software algorithm helps alleviate common gas


problems associated with ESP systems.

Fig. 8. Halliburtons VSD software reduces costly downtime.

Table 3. Pump Checker software calculated that this ESP was under-perfoming.
Pump Discharge Pressure, psig
Pump Intake Pressure, psig
Pump dP, psi
Pump Rate, bpd
Pump Degradation, %
In Range?
Calculated Pwf, psig
Lost Gross Rate, stbpd
Lost Oil, stbpd

conventional well VSD algorithm technology to work in conjunction with its


Q-Max GBP gas bypass technology to
improve ESP performance.
The Q-max gas bypass has proven to be
effective in increasing drawdown characteristics in very high-GOR wells. The companys proprietary VSD software works in
conjunction with the Q-max gas bypass
to consistently allow the ESP to draw the
working well pressure farther than previously thought possible.
As seen in Fig. 8, this well was shutting
down and restarting multiple times in a
week. The downtime was costing the operator lost production over a 24-hr period.
On March 25, Halliburtons proprietary
VSD program was activated remotely
from a computer, hundreds of miles away.
The result can be seen from the date of
optimization. This well since has run continuously with reduced intake pressures
and higher production.
A similar situation is depicted in
Fig. 9. After the VSD on the well was programmed to operate using the new VSD
algorithm, it stopped cycling and has run
continuously. The well continues to slowly draw down the BHP without reducing
the stock tank liquid.
Since 2010, Halliburton Artificial Lift
has installed over 1,800 gas bypass systems in unconventional shale wells. By
66JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

Calculated
2813
596
2217
1310
76.9
In Range
2586
432
180

Measured

Difference

2301
512
798

1705
1705
512

using proven gas-handling technology


coupled with improved VSD algorithms,
operators are realizing higher well productivity, a quicker return on investment
and a higher degree of reliability from
downhole ESP systems.
New software for ESP system optimization. Optimizing artificial lift systems
depends on access to accurate and relevant
data. While operators and suppliers produce lots of data, some of it may not be
relevant to driving artificial lift improvement. Often, if good data do exist, they are
so scattered across multiple systems and
spreadsheets that they are virtually unusable. Pulling all the critical data together
can be problematic.
Artificial Lift Performance Ltd. (ALP)
has introduced three new software applications that can be run in the cloud or
on a server, all using a core set of relevant
data underpinned by application-specific
figures to show an operator exactly what a
well is doing and what it should be doing.
Armed with the difference between the
two, action can be taken to maximize well
performance at minimal cost.
Well test. Each method of artificial lift
differs, but most data-gathering systems
primarily tend to focus on collecting production rates. ALPs Well Test software
not only analyzes production data, it also
prompts producers which operating pa-

rameters to input with the rate information


based on the exact form of artificial lift employed, including ESP systems.
Armed with the right data, producers
can then base system optimization strategies on results that are specific to their lift
system. Its a more specific approach than
standard well test reporting.
Pump checker. According to ALP, this
software is specifically designed to optimize ESP production, and diagnose reservoir inflow performance for future ESP
system design. The software pinpoints
where ESPs are losing production and why.
It validates Well Test data (double-checking the input), quantifies lost production
and determines bottomhole flowing pressure. It determines whether the lift system
is performing as designed.
In Table 3, Pump Checker revealed
that this ESP system has degraded by
nearly 77% from its performance when
installed. That means 180 bpd (or around
$18,000/day at $100/bbl) of lost production. With this information, the operator
can take appropriate action to maximize
well performance.
Pump analytics. Using this software,
producers can challenge well conditions
as being the cause of repetitive failures in
root cause failure analysis (RCFA) reports
from ESP suppliers, by forcing failure categorization through a structured process
that drives corrections. The goal is to improve artificial lift performance and ensure
fit-for-purpose equipment.
The software helps producers build an
easily managed, reliable well and equipment history and failure-tracking database
that provides artificial lift system performance for a field over time. With an intuitive dashboard (Fig. 10), it facilitates the
performance comparison of various systems/equipment.

ARTIFICIAL LIFT

Get more life from your wells.


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TARGETED TREATMENT
*OKFDUJPOUVCJOHBODIPSsaved

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PROACTIVE DESIGN
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100%

clears

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PATENTED TECHNOLOGY
$MFBS8&--uEFWJDFsaved

year
367,000 per

JOXPSLPWFSDPTUTJOPGGTIPSF-PVJTJBOB

2014 Weatherford. All rights reserved.

Depth. Breadth. Experience.


5ISFFTJNQMFXPSET:FU XIFONPVOUJOHQBSBGOQSPCMFNTTFOUFODFZPVSXFMMUPBMJGFUJNFPG
DPTUMZXPSLPWFSTBOEXBOJOHQSPUBCJMJUZ UIFTFUISFFXPSETPGGFSBSFQSJFWF8FEFMJWFSNVMUJQMF
TPMVUJPOTGPSQBSBGOQSPCMFNT FOTVSJOHUIBUZPVEPOnUTJNQMZHFUBTPMVUJPOsZPVHFUUIFSJHIU
TPMVUJPO DVTUPNJ[FEUPZPVSXFMM
0VSJOEVTUSZMFBEJOHBSUJDJBMMJGUUPPMT FYQFSJFODFETQFDJBMJTUT BOEDPNQSFIFOTJWFTPGUXBSF
QBDLBHFTCSJOHNPSFMJGFUPZPVSBTTFUT5PHFUIFS XFDBOBSSFTUQSPEVDUJPOEFDMJOFT SFEVDF
XPSLPWFSTBOE01&9 BOEFYUFOEUIFMJGFPGZPVSXFMMT
Contact and collaborate with us at PO-Info@weatherford.com

Formation Evaluation

Well Construction

Completion

Production

ARTIFICIAL LIFT

iTRUST
BASED ON
EXPERTISE
PROGRESSING CAVITY PUMP SOLUTIONS

Progressing cavity pump systems are one amongst other articial lift methods. But PCM has a unique
range of PCP patented technologies and high-added-value services to increase your mature
eld production. We accompany you with our comprehensive PCP package in your heavy oil, light oil,
thermal EOR and CBM/dewatering challenges, featuring :
PCM MoineauTM, conventional elastomer technology (up to 4500bfpd/715m3/d)
PCM VulcainTM, the original all metal high temperature technology (660F/350C)
PCM MoineauTM HR, extended run life with hydraulic regulators technology (99% GVF)
Our international network of PCP specialists will help you design, evaluate and control your system
efciency, providing the best solution to optimize your well production.
The expertise of a specialized company dedicated to PCP technology and services.

Learn more about us at

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PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

All-in-one ESP control and data toring system and remote commands. A
acquisition system. Aimed at enhanc- modular design provides greater serviceing productivity and maximizing uptime, ability and expandablitity. The Instruct
Schlumberger has developed a centralized, unit installs directly into the companys
single platform that provides protection, VSDs, and can be configured to automaticontrol and data acquisition for artificially- cally make adjustments to optimize well
and pump performance, program alarms
lifted wells equipped with ESPs.
The data-gathering and storage system, and trip settings. The unit also has emerthe Instruct all-in-one acquisition and con- gency shut-down capability.
For remote monitoring and control unit (Fig. 11), gathers, analyzes and
transmits critical data in real time from sur- trol, the system can be connected to the
face and downhole sensors to optimize en- Schlumberger 24/7 Artificial Lift Surveilgineering analysis and troubleshooting and lance Center via the LiftWatcher real-time
manage pump and well performance. The surveillance and optimization service or
system can monitor
up to four wells at
once, and transmits Fig. 10. The Pump Analytics user dashboard facilitates the
data from a variety of performance comparison of various systems/equipment.
sources, eliminating
the need for multiple
surface components.
Users can monitor electrical system
data, information
from external analog
or digital devices,
data measured by
the downhole moni-

the SCADA system. The Instruct unit also


can operate as a stand-alone device for remote monitoring applications.
Integral to the troubleshooting process, the Instruct unit maintains a record
of up to 500 alarms and events in internal
memory. By monitoring ESP (or horizontal surface pump) operating data points, it
provides protection from fault conditions
on any of the monitored signals.
Fig. 11. The Schlumberger Instruct all-inone protection, control, acquisition and
transmission unit with at-a-glance wellsite
assessment, and intuitive feedback and
control interface.

World Oil/JUNE 201469

Lifting
Potential
Dependable performance. Experienced know-how.
Endless possibilities. Thats what you get when
combining the Lufkin artificial lift expertise youve come
to trust with the innovation of GE Oil & Gas. With an
expanding portfolio of well optimization solutions that
boost your results, GE pushes the boundaries of
technology to fuel the future today.
www. geoilandgas.com/Lufkin

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

New ESP monitoring system.


Schlumberger has developed an ESP monitoring system that ensures continuous
communication in case of ground faults,
extending ESP run life and reducing failures and operating costs.
The Endurant ground-fault-immune
ESP monitoring system (Fig. 12), represents a significant step-change in addressing one of the biggest causes of failure in
ESP monitoring systems, which historically have been highly susceptible to ground
faults or electrical shorts. Designed for the
high-cost intervention market (including
offshore, subsea and harsh environments),
the system can continue operating and
transmitting measurements even during
ground fault cable failure and in high-temperature downhole environments.
The system is especially suited for
fields prone to ground faults and wells
experiencing startup and instability
problems, erratic production or needing
reservoir build-up analysis. It delivers
high reliability in the harshest environments, engineered for high-performance
high-temperature downhole monitoring.
Designed with metal-to-metal Inconel
transducers, a stainless steel body and
high-temperature circuitry, the system
can operate continuously and reliably in
temperatures up to 150C.
A dual power supply prevents the gauge
breakdown caused by ground faults so the
system can continue communicating to
surface, without interruption. In real time
the system receives and transmits intake
pressure and temperature, motor winding
temperature and pump discharge pressure.
The monitoring system also enhances
reservoir understanding by providing an
advanced, high-speed telemetry uplink
for continuous data transmission at rates
of 100 bits per second, even if the ESP
is shut down. This facilitates high-resolution, high-sample-rate monitoring of
reservoir fluid build-up to determine reservoir performance.
The downhole gauge communicates
with a surface acquisition system by way of
the ESP power cable. Alarms can be set for
individual parameters appropriate to each
ESP completion.
PCP DEVELOPMENTS

It was not until the late 1970s that a concerted effort was made to use progessive
(or progressing) cavity pumps (PCP) as
a method of artificial lift in the petroleum
industry. With technical contributions and

persistence from many individuals and


companies, PCP systems have experienced
a gradual emergence as a common form of
artificial lift.
Permanent magnet motor PCP top
drive. Over the past decade, manufacturers tried developing a direct-drive PCP top
drive motor that can perform reliably in
demanding applications. Several attempts
have achieved moderate success in controlled environments, but none have displayed long-term, field-proven results.
A permanent magnet motor (PMM)
PCP top drive (Fig. 13), developed by
General Magnetic Group (GMG), is the
first commercially successful solution in
the market, according to its manufacturer.
Due to a partnership between GMG and
National Oilwell Varco (NOV) Mono, this
product is now part of NOV Monos worldwide Artificial Lift Solutions offering.
Currently available M-75-PMM and
M-105-PMM models feature easy installation, reduced electrical consumption and
no gearboxes or external moving parts to
create potential hazards. These drives help
optimize oilfield operations by reducing
maintenance, minimizing costly stoppages,
and increasing jobsite safety.
Because conventional electric motors
only have operating efficiencies over limited operating speeds, even with a VFD,
any significant changes in RPMs ultimately
require changes in the gear ratio between
the motor and pump. PMM driveheads
are engineered specifically for PCP applications. Using a permanent magnet motor
topology, they are ideal for low- and variable-speed applications.
With a 92.9% system efficiency, these
driveheads deliver higher production volumes without increased energy consumption. They also integrate seamlessly with
external optimization equipment such as
pump-off controllers. With reduced greenhouse gas emissions and low noise output
(68 decibels at 10 ft), they are considered
to be environmentally-friendly top drives.
The slightly higher manufacturing
cost of creating a permanent magnetic
field in the rotor is offset by quantifiable
lifecycle savings resulting from lower
operating costs, reduced energy consumption and higher system efficiencies
brought on by the elimination of speedreduction equipment.
Because it does not require any electrical current to create a magnetic field in the
rotor or losses from speed reduction equipment, the PMM PCP top drive is capable

Fig. 12. The new Schlumberger Endurant


ground-fault-immune ESP monitoring
system.

Fig. 13. NOVs permanent magnet motor


PCP Top Drive.

of operating at high efficiencies throughout its entire speed range spectrum.


Changing speed with a PMM drive is
as simple as pushing a button on the VFD,
which eliminates time-consuming, manpower-intensive well shutdown activities.
The PMM can also be integrated with a
number of other products, allowing ownWorld Oil/JUNE 201471

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

ers to further customize their operations


and boost production rates.
The NOV Mono PMM drivehead line
delivers full power and torque continuously from 30 to 450 RPM. The driveheads have rated torques up to 1,000 ft-lb
and deliver 92.9% efficiency from utility
to rod string.
HydraPak PCP. The HydraPak PCP
system (Fig. 14) developed by CJS Production Technologies incorporates a
coiled tubing umbilical and hydraulically

powered submersible motor that connects to a PCP. The submersible motor


and pump are conveyed into the well via
CJSs FlatPak or ArmorPak umbilical
tubing. Two of the tubes in the umbilical power the submersible motor driving
the PCP to force production fluids to
the surface. The motor and pump can be
reversed to flush solids out of the pump
back into the well cellar. The HydraPak
PCP system can include a conduit for
injecting additives to reduce production

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72JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

Fluid mixed with


solids flow downward
creating a vortex at
the expansion area.

fluid viscosity, break down paraffin and


other beneficial processes.
Using an optional data cable with
downhole data sensors, the HydraPak
PCP system allows well optimization with
information like pump intake pressure, discharge pressure and temperature readings.
The umbilical and PCP system is lowered into the well via a conventional coiled
tubing unit. The submersible motor and
downhole pump can be positioned in the
heel or lateral of the well.
CJS also offers hydraulic surface control automation to monitor and control
pump speed and fluid level to prevent well
pump off.
Flow control technology. To ensure
steady and reliable PCP performance, its
essential to properly regulate the pump
speed. Pump too fast and you risk outpacing well inflow, which can lead to pump
off and consequential pump failure. Alternatively, if you pump too slowly, you can
reduce production to levels far below the
wells potential.
WellPilot flow control technology
(FCT) from Weatherford eliminates the
guesswork and optimizes PCP performance by constantly comparing pump
speed to the monitored flowrate. Used
with a variable-speed controller, the WellPilot FCT continuously fine-tunes pump
speed to achieve optimal production while
protecting against flow loss.
The WellPilot FCT (Fig. 15) has no
moving parts. Based on the principle of
thermal cooling, the system uses two stainless-steel probes to determine changes in
flowrate. One probe generates heat and
detects heat absorption, while the other
is unheated and acts as a high-precision
thermometer. The probes alternate roles
periodically, switching between heated
and unheated functions, to deter scale and
paraffin buildup.
To determine flowrates, the heated
probe detects how much heat is being
Fig. 14. The HydraPak PCP system includes
the CJS triple coiled tubing umbilical,
hydraulic submersible motor and PCP.

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

2013 by AMETEK. All rights reserved.

absorbed by the passing fluid. The higher the flow, the more heat is absorbed,
which creates a greater cooling effect.
The unheated probe helps fine-tune the
flow detection by reading the fluids ambient, in-motion temperature. The controller continually analyzes changes in
temperature readings from the probes.
Based on this information, it signals the
variable speed drive, to adjust pump
speed in relation to the production capabilities of the well.
The WellPilot FCT is an auto-calibrating instrument. Once installed and
powered on, it begins controlling the well
immediately. The objective is to always
operate the pump at the lowest speed
required to deliver maximum production from a well. To find this speed, the
instrument follows a patented process
called climb and double-back. This
process assures optimal control and reliability for the PCP. If an increase in pump
speed causes flow rate to decline, or if the
flowrate remains unchanged as a result
of a speed increase, WellPilot FCT automatically compensates. It doubles back,
searching through its progressive table of

climbing speeds and corresponding flow


rates, comparing the current flowrate
against those observed at lower speeds.
It then starts the climbing process again,
selecting the lowest recorded speed that
resulted in a flowrate at or above the current production rate of the well. When
the control indicates a situation where
adequate flow is not being produced, the
FCT can be set to shut down the well.
Because gas absorbs heat at a much
lower rate than oil or water, the instrument can easily identify gas in the flow
line and make automatic adjustments to
avoid a pumpoff condition.
When integrated with the WellPilot VSD, the WellPilot FCT delivers a
complete set of available safety options
to protect the pump in response to wellrelated problems.

multiple methods to see which one may


work best, based on the candidate wells.
Plunger design evens fluid production in erratic wells. Multi Products Company focuses on advancing plunger lift
technology to increase versatility and fluid
handling capability in a wider range of wells.
One of their new technologies recently
commercialized is the Steady-Flo plunger
(Fig. 16), designed for midrange wells
that produce high fluid volumes but lack
the reservoir energy to evacuate the fluid.
Steady-Flo is a single-piece plunger withFig. 15. Weatherford WellPilot ow control
technology.

PLUNGER LIFT DEVELOPMENTS

Increasing the range of candidate


wells for plunger lift gives operators
more options for optimizing well performance and lift economics. Instead of
looking at one or maybe two artificial lift
methods, operators can analyze costs on

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World Oil/JUNE 201473

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

Fig. 16. Multi Products new Steady-Flo


plunger (12-in. length).

Fig. 18. The pressure cut plot for a regular pad plunger (above) vs. the pressure cut plot
for the jetted pad version of the same plunger (below).

Fig. 19. Flow trajectories isolated to ow


that passes through two jets; one in the
lower pad set, another in the upper set.

Fig. 20. The new Baker Hughes Articial


Lift Research and Technology Center in
Claremore, Okla.
Fig. 17. Jetted pad plunger (note the bore
through the center and holes under pads).

out any moving parts, and has fall speeds


in between common bar stock plungers
and high-rate bypass plungers. Because
faster fall speeds translate to more plunger
cycles per day, and considering that wells
must be shut in for conventional plungers
to fall to bottom; utilizing this new plunger increases the amount of well uptime,
resulting in more production.
The Steady-Flo plunger incorporates
a through-bore design, which allows the
plunger to find a hydrostatic equilibrium
point in the wellbore by slipping fluid as
the plunger rises. With this design, the
plunger uses the wells available energy
to produce an even amount of fluid on
each plunger cycle, resulting in consistent removal of the fluid load from the
wellbore. This helps eliminate the situation of having a well that might bring in a
74JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

large fluid load on one plunger trip, and


then very little fluid on the next trip.
The through-bore design also helps
ensure that the plunger falls faster than
conventional plungers, which decreases
well shut-in time and increases the number
of plunger runs per day. It provides more
predictable, easily tracked runs, allowing
operators to optimize production so that
each run delivers a similar fluid volume.
On one highly-deviated 8,000-ft well
in the Rockies, an operator was able to increase production 15% by replacing a bar
stock plunger with the Steady-Flo plunger. In another near-by well with low reservoir pressure, an operator was required to
inject compressed gas to effect fluid production. After installing the Steady-Flo
plunger, the operator was able to eliminate compressor use. Fluid production
stabilized at 45 bpd and gas production
increased by 120% to 220 Mcfd.

Jetted pad plunger. Recently, a major


part of Well Masters effort to increase the
effectiveness of plunger lift technology
has included the use of computational
fluid dynamics (CFD) to evaluate designs
and model physical phenomena associated with plunger lift. The use of CFD
resulted in a new patents-pending, jetted
pad plunger, Fig. 17.
CFDs great advantages are that it can
model flow in a CAD model quickly and
consistently, and provide an intuitive
means of reviewing data as well as quantifying results, which makes side by side
comparison of designs a manageable task.
While CFD has a wide variety of applications in plunger lift, Well Master highlights its role in design while considering
an issue encountered with padded plungers in horizontal and deviated wells.
At angles above 20 or so, plunger
pads collapse, compromising seal and
severely limiting performance. A new
Well Master plunger design combats this
effect by jetting flow from a bore in the
plunger to the underside of the pads.
This creates an expansion effect, closing
the gaps that occur with pad collapse and
increasing efficiency. The mechanics of
the jetted pad are illustrated using the
CFD post-processing, Fig. 18.
In Fig. 19, two cut plots map the pressure for two plunger designs on a plane that
bisects through the center of the plunger
(warm colors indicate areas of high pressure, cool indicate low pressure). The new
jetted pad plunger features a hollow bore
with holes that jet fluid from the bore to
the underside of the pads. As a principal of
fluid dynamics, flow travels from high pressure to low pressure. Here, the high pressure fluid in the bore exerts an outward
force on the pad as it leaves the jet before
slipping under the upward side of the pad.

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

While pressure cut plots are useful for


examining how certain features enhance
a plungers seal, a more intuitive way to
observe the flow direction and patterns is
by looking at flow trajectories. One of the
features of flow trajectories is being able to
select an area and see only the flow that interacts with that area: where it came from
and where its going.
The flow trajectories demonstrate that
flow is inducted into the bore of the plunger and forced out of the holes. It shoots
through the jet holes against the underside
of the pad, mushrooming, and slips out towards the fishing neck. The flow through
the jets clearly pushes the pads outward.
This closes the gaps created by collapsed
pads, increasing efficiency.
OTHER DEVELOPMENTS

Baker Hughes recently opened a


$60-million electrical submersible pump
research and development facility in Claremore, Okla., Fig. 20. The 80,000-sq ft facility is called the Artificial Lift Research and
Technology Center (ALRTC). It is next to
the companys manufacturing center. According to company officials, locating the

ALRTC adjacent to artificial lift manufacturing allows engineers from R&D, manufacturing, and the companys quality and
reliability teams to work synergistically to:
Accelerate new product development and commercialization
Conduct total system integration
testing prior to field installation
Test alternative intervention methods to mitigate change-out costs
Meet material traceability requirements.
The ALRTC features equipment and
system testing options in a wide variety
of simulated downhole conditions. At
the centers core are vertical test wells
of various diameters and depths to test
everything from a single ESP system
component to the full production system comprised of artificial lift and other
well equipment.
JOE D. WOODS is president of
International Pinpoint, a
marketing and technical
information company in
Houston. Mr. Woods has over
35 years of energy industry
experience. He was director of
marketing and associate publisher at World Oil

for over 12 years. Previously, he was V.P. of


marketing at GEO International Corp. He also
held key marketing positions at Halliburton. He
has written numerous articles on subjects, such
as expandable sand screens, intelligent wells,
UBD, drilling with casing, perforating, articial
lift systems, fracturing conductivity and
proppants. He attended Texas A&M University
and received his BS degree from the University
of North Texas.
JAMES F. LEA teaches courses
in articial lift and production
for Petroskills. He holds BS and
MS degrees in mechanical
engineering from the University
of Arkansas, and a PhD from
Southern Methodist University.
He worked for Sun Oil as a research engineer
from 1970 to 1975, taught at the University of
Arkansas from 1975 to 1978, was team leader of
production optimization and articial lift at
Amoco EPTG from 1979 to 1999, and was
chairman of Texas Tech Universitys petroleum
engineering department from 1999 to 2006. He
has contributed to this series for over 25 years.
HERALD W. WINKLER is
former chairman and now a
professor emeritus and
research associate in Texas
Tech Universitys Petroleum
Engineering Department in
Lubbock, Texas. He also works
as a consultant to the industry in articial lift,
specializing in gas lift. Early in his career, he
worked for ARCO and Camco. He, too, has
contributed to this series for over 25 years.

World Oil/JUNE 201475

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GEOVENTURES

GRAVITY & MAGNETICS

Integration of towed-streamer EM data with seismic


and well logs yields total hydrocarbon volume
to extract an effective anomaly, including both reservoirs,
with vertical and horizontal resistivities of 810 -m and 45
-m, respectively. These resistivities were then used to calculate the sand resistivities and sand grain fractions as a function
of net-to-gross (N/G) and the pure shale resistivities.
The N/G is estimated from Vp/Vs and acoustic impedance obtained from pre-stack inversion of the seismic data.
The shale resistivities are obtained from well log data. The
hydrocarbon volume in the vertical slice of the reservoir area
is then computed as the sum over the sand grain sizes, provided that porosities and hydrocarbon saturations can be estimated. In this proof-of-concept demonstration, the hydrocarbon volume was calculated to be 0.18 times the volume of the
vertical section.
INTEGRATED WORKFLOW

A proof-of-concept was achieved by


integrating towed-streamer EM data with
3D seismic data and well logs, to derive
the total hydrocarbon volume in a vertical
section through two reservoirs.

JOHAN MATTSSON and FOLKE ENGELMARK, PGS


The benefit of deriving resistivity values from towedstreamer EM data, integrated with seismic and well log data,
was demonstrated recently by providing an estimate of the total hydrocarbon volume in a vertical section through the two
reservoirs: Maureen and Heimdal in the North Seas Mariner
complex.
A high-resistivity structure, within a large volume, was estimated from anisotropic 3D inversion. The inversion was used
Controlled source electromagnetic (CSEM) data for the
integration exercise were acquired by the PGS Nordic Explorer
over the Maureen and Heimdal reservoirs at Mariner eld.

The motivation behind acquiring CSEM data is to estimate the sub-seafloor electrical resistivity structure, and add
valuable information to the seismic image of the subsurface.
An obvious value of the resistivity information, in conjunction with the seismic image, is the possibility of improving
the geological earth model. This is useful to select optimum
drilling locations within an area of interest for hydrocarbon
exploration.
To get maximum value out of CSEM data, and to facilitate
extraction of quantitative information of value, the CSEM
data have to be integrated with 3D seismic data. An example
of this is to use the subsurface resistivity information to improve the hydrocarbon volume estimate in an identified reservoir. In a sand-and-shale reservoir, the resistivity values can
be used to support the estimation of N/G, i.e., the sandstone
fraction within the reservoir, as well as the sand grain fractions
by volume.
An integrated workflow was developed to extract resistivities from towed streamer EM data acquired over Mariner
heavy oil field in the North Sea. These resistivities enabled us
to estimate the hydrocarbon volume in a vertical section of
the two reservoirs, Maureen and Heimdal. The workflow also
relies heavily on standard petrophysical models to estimate
crucial parameters that are required in the calculations.
Anisotropic 3D inversion was then carried out to determine
the horizontal and vertical resistivities in the area, including
the reservoirs.1, 2 In this case, the inversion covers a region of
36 12 2.8 km, with approximately 9.7 million cells in the
grid. This means the grid fully contains the entire sensitivity
volume for all data acquired along the 10 survey lines. This is
a huge improvement in our ability to correctly estimate the
entire resistivity structure, compared to the 3D inversion performed on a small grid just enclosing the reservoirs.3
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GRAVITY & MAGNETICS

Fig. 1. The geometry and towing conguration at the Mariner


survey. The data are acquired at 45 knots.

Fig. 3. The 3D resistivity cubes after inversion.

Fig. 2. A map of the Mariner area showing the survey lines and
corresponding shot points.

TOWED STREAMER EM SYSTEM

Figure 1 shows the main features of the towed streamer EM


acquisition configuration for the Mariner survey. An 800-m long,
bi-pole electric current source was towed at a depth of 10 m. The
source generated 1,500 A, and the transmitted signal is the PGS
Optimized Repeated Sequence (ORS).4 In this case, a discrete
set of frequencies, ranging from 0.2 Hz to 1.2 Hz, with a step of
0.2 Hz was used. The source sequence was 120 s long (one shot),
with the source active during the first 100 s, followed by 20 s of
silence. The silent periods were then used for background noise
estimation and noise reduction processing.
The resulting electric field in the seawater was measured
along the streamer as electric potential differences in distributed
electrode pairs, with offsets from 500 m to 7,700 m. In total, 72
electrode pairs of variable length, from 200 m at the front of the
streamer to 1,100 m at the end of the streamer, were used in the
configuration.5
MARINER FIELD

Mariner field is on the East Shetland platform of the UK North


Sea, approximately 150 km east of the Shetland Isles. It consists of
two shallow reservoirs: the Maureen formation and the Heimdal
sandstones of the Lista formation, with nearly 2 Bbbl of oil-inplace and expected recoverable reserves of more than 250 MMbbl of oil. Both formations yield heavy oil of around 12 to 14API.
Seismic and well log data have been used to map the horizons of a chalk layer on top of basement, as well as the horizons
for the sandstones of the Maureen and Heimdal reservoirs. The

resistive chalk layer varies in depth below sea surface from 1,400
to 1,500 m, with the basement underneath. The Maureen reservoir is on top of the chalk, whereas the Heimdal reservoir is
about 200 m above the Maureen reservoir. The bathymetry in
the region varies between 95 m and 115 m, with a relatively homogeneous overburden.
SURVEY LAYOUT

The towed streamer EM survey consists of 10 parallel lines


separated by 500 m, Fig. 2. The length of each line was about 15
km. Each line recorded 60 shots of 120 s lengths. The frequency
responses used in the 3D anisotropic inversion were estimated for
all shots and offsets along the survey lines.4
ANISOTROPIC 3D INVERSION

The 3D resistivity structure is estimated by minimizing a Tikhonov parametric functional with respect to the horizontal and
vertical horizontal conductivity change from a background model. The functional is expressed as:

P ( )= Wd ( A( )d) L + s( )
2

(1)

where d and A are the measured and modelled electric field


data, respectively. The matrix A is the nonlinear forward modelling operator. The regularization parameter is updated in
each iteration, according to:

n = 1qn1 ;n =1,2,3,;0<q<1

(2)

World Oil/JUNE 201479

GRAVITY & MAGNETICS

Fig. 4. Shale and sand layering constituting the N/G assumption


of the reservoir region.

inversion has not been able to separate the anomaly into two
individual volumes, corresponding to the vertical separation
of the two reservoirs. For visualization purposes, the resistivities below 5 -m have been removed.
The inversion domain was selected to cover all sensitive parts of the subsurface. The dimensions were: X: from
-18,000 m to 18,000 m; Y: from -6,000 m to 6,000 m; and Z:
from 200 m to 3,000 m (positive downward). This rectangular
region was discretized into cells of size 50 m x 50 m x 50 m.
The selected data for the inversion consisted of 323 shots with
18 offsets (1,7506,700 m) and five frequencies (0.2, 0.4, 0.6,
0.8, and 1.0 Hz). The run time, on a PC cluster with 10 cluster
nodes, using 2.2 GHz Xenon Westmere processors running 4
OpenMP threads each, was 7 hr.
HYDROCARBON VOLUME

Fig. 5. The horizontal (blue) and vertical (green) sand resistivities


as a function of N/G.

11.0
10.5

To calculate the hydrocarbon volume, it is assumed that the


vertical slice through the Heimdal and Maureen reservoirs under consideration is built of a layered stack of shale and sand,
according to the selected volume V in Fig. 4. The hydrocarbon volume in V can then be expressed as:

10.0
Ng

Vhc = V NGi Shc,i Fi

Sand resistivity,

9.5

(3)

i=1

9.0

N g = number of grain sizes

8.5

i = porosity
Shc,i = hydrocarbon saturation

8.0

Fi = sand grain fraction in V

7.5

NG = Net-to-Gross of volume V

7.0

Horizontal resistivity
Vertical resistivity

6.5
0.90

0.91

Ng

F = 1
i

0.92

0.93

0.94

0.95

0.96

0.97

N/G

In this case, the stabilizing functional s( ) is chosen as


the minimum L2-norm of the difference between the current
model and an a-priori model.1, 2 The optimal step length, q,
and a 1D horizontally layered background model are determined from one-line anisotropic 3D inversions, without any
a-priori model (unconstrained inversion). The final horizontal and vertical resistivity structures are then estimated by running the 3D anisotropic inversion on all lines at the same time,
now with an a-priori model in the stabilizer functional determined from the structure defined by the available seismic data
in the survey area. The a-priori model will guide the inversion
result toward a more reasonable geophysical model.
The final result with an rms misfit value of 6.4% after 40 iterations is shown in Fig. 3. It can be seen that a high-resistivity
anomaly, with vertical resistivity of 810 -m and horizontal
resistivity of 45 -m, is showing up in yellow and green colors on top of a high-resistivity chalk/basement underburden
in red, with more or less isotropic resistivity up to 30 -m.
The resistive anomaly appears right on top of the chalk, which
corresponds well with the Maureen depth. The anomaly also
coincides well with the horizontal extent of both the Heimdal
and Maureen reservoirs, even though this information has not
been used as a constraint in the inversion. Unfortunately, the
80JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

i=1

This is basically a summation over the fractions of the various sand grain sizes that constitute the sand in average. The
porosity of the sands and the N/G values are estimated from
pre-stack inverted seismic data within the reservoir. The hydrocarbon saturation for each grain size depends on the irreducible water saturation, which is the ratio between the
Buckles number and the porosity.6 The Buckles number is
unique for each grain size. In this particular case, the sand is
found to be composed of discrete beds, with the grain sizes
ranging from very fine, fine and medium, having the Buckles
numbers 0.12, 0.06 and 0.03, respectively. The corresponding
hydrocarbon saturations then become 0.6, 0.8 and 0.9. In this
proof-of-concept case, we further assume that the porosity is
0.3 for all the grain sizes.
The next step is to determine the fractions in the summation (3). This is done by calculating the effective horizontal
and vertical resistivities of the sand, given the resistivities
from the CSEM inversion, and appropriate horizontal and
vertical resistivity values of the shale. The sand may effectively
behave as an anisotropic media, because of the various grain
sizes with different bulk resistivities.
Ideally, the shale resistivities are obtained from well logs,
but could also be inverted from the CSEM data. In this case,
the horizontal shale resistivity is determined from a well log
to 1.5 -m. The average anisotropy in the shale overburden

GRAVITY & MAGNETICS

Fig. 7. The N/G can be calibrated in a cross-plot of AI and Vp/Vs


from the pre-stack inverted seismic data. The N/G is found to be
0.94.

Fig. 6. Various fractions as a function of N/G.

10
0.9

F1

0.8

2.4

F1
F2
F3

2.3
2.2

Minimum value from EM


N/G = 0.930

2.1

0.6

2.0

Vp/Vs

Sand fractions, v/v

0.7

0.5
0.4

1.9
1.8

0.3

1.5
5,000

F3

0.1
0.92

Clean sands

1.6

0.1

0.91

Reservoir data
N/G = 0.94

1.7

F2

0.2

-0.1
0.90

Pure shales

0.93

0.94

0.95

0.96

0.97

N/G

is about 1.66. Hence, a vertical shale resistivity of 2.5 -m is


suitable for use in volume V.
The horizontal sand resistivity is now obtained from the
equivalent equation of parallel resistors in volume V and the
vertical sand resistivity from the equation governing resistors
in series. The result, as a function of N/G, is plotted in Fig.
5. It is then possible to uniquely calculate the sand grain fractions from the corresponding parallel resistors and resistors in
series equations given the effective hydrocarbon charged sand
resistivities, and the intrinsic grain size dependent resistivities
from Archies equation and the constraint that the sum of the
fractions is equals to one.7 In this case, with three grain sizes,
the fractions as function of the N/G are plotted in Fig. 6.
Physically relevant fractions have to be positive. Hence,
the available fractions are then found in the N/G range from
0.930 to 0.955. The physically consistent N/G value can be
further fine-tuned within this range by means of the pre-stack
inverted 3D seismic data. Pre-stack inverted data are typically
evaluated as a cross-plot between acoustic impedance (AI)
and Vp/Vs, as suggested in Fig. 7.
From this cross-plot, the N/G value is found to be 0.94. The
sand fractions are then F1: 0.88 (very fine grained); F2: 0.10
(fine grained); and F3: 0.02 (medium grained). This means that
all quantities in equation (3) are known, and the amount of hydrocarbon fraction in the volume V can be calculated to be 0.18.
CONCLUSIONS

The towed streamer EM system acquires data at the same


speed as 2D seismic is acquired (45 knots). For the first time,
it is possible to acquire marine CSEM data efficiently and
cost-effectively. The dense data acquired from a set of parallel
survey lines over an area of interest can be used in a 3D anisotropic inversion algorithm to estimate the horizontal and vertical resistivities in a 3D grid covering the subsurface volume,
where the EM data sensitivity is sufficient.
Conceptually, it can be shown that these resistivity values can
be used, together with seismic and well log data, to estimate the
total hydrocarbon fraction in a reservoir volume. In particular, it is
possible to calculate the effective sandstone resistivities, and also

5,500

6,000

6,500
7,000
7,500
8,000
Acoustic impedance (m/secG/cm3)

8,500

9,000

the fractions of different sand grain sizes as a function of the N/G


of the sand and shale quotient in the reservoir. Together with the
porosity and the N/G value obtained from pre-stack inverted 3D
seismic data, the hydrocarbon volume fraction can be calculated
by adding the contributions from the computed sand grain fractions. The result is a model that is consistent with all the observed
data. Nevertheless, this method is expected to provide a very
good estimate of the total hydrocarbon volume in place, and the
result is only limited by the uncertainties in the input data.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Thanks to Petroleum Geo-Services (PGS) for the right to present the results of this towed streamer
EM Mariner survey, and TechnoImaging for support of the research and permission to publish.

REFERENCES
1. Zhdanov, M. S., M. Endo, L. H. Cox, M. Cuma, J. Linfoot, C. Anderson, N. Black and A. V.
Gribenko, 2014a, 3D inversion of towed streamer electromagnetic data, Geophysical Prospecting, doi: 10.1111/1365-2478.12097.
2. Zhdanov, M. S., M. Endo, D. Yoon, J. Mattsson and J. Midgley, 2014b, Anisotropic 3D inversion
of towed streamer EM data: Case study from the Troll West oil province, Journal of Interpretation, Vol. 2, No. 3 (August 2014); pp 117.
3. Mattsson, J., J. Skogman, A. Bhuiyan, A. McKay and C. Anderson, 3D inversion results from
towed streamer EM data in a complex geological setting, World Oil, Vol. 234, No. 9, 2013a.
4. Mattsson, J., P. Lindqvist, R. Juhasz and E. Bjrnemo, Noise reduction and error analysis for a
towed EM system, 82nd SEG Conference & Exhibition, Extended Abstracts, 2012.
5. Mattsson J., F. Engelmark and C. Anderson, 2013b, Towed streamer EM: The challenges of
sensitivity and anisotropy, First Break, Vol. 31, 6, pp 155159.
6. Buckles, R. S., 1965, Correlating and averaging connate water saturation data,
Vol. 9, No.1, pp 4252.
7. Archie, G.E., 1942, The electrical resistivity log as an aid in determining some reservoir characteristics, AIME Petroleum Transactions, No. 146, pp 5462.

JOHAN MATTSSON is a chief geophysicist at


Petroleum Geo-Services (PGS), where he provides
technical expertise and guidance for the development
of the towed streamer EM technology. Previously, he
was head of the EM research section, with a focus on
system design and signal processing. He earned a
PhD in engineering mechanics in 1996 from Chalmers
University of Technology, Sweden. Dr. Mattsson has worked primarily
with forward and inverse wave propagation modeling, as well as
analysis of experimental data.
FOLKE ENGELMARK is geoscience advisor at PGS.
Mr. Engelmark earned an MS degree at Colorado
School of Mines. With a 40-year career in academia,
mining, and, since 1980, exclusively in oil and gas, he
has built a broad knowledge base with a focus on
rock physics and integrated solutions. His current
interest is in the optimization of quantitative
interpretation by bringing the elastic information extracted from
pre-stack seismic data together with the resistivity information from
towed streamer EM data.

World Oil/JUNE 201481

REGIONAL REPORT

RUSSIA
Russias upstream sector strives for dominance in an increasingly complex,
global E&P industry
EUGENE M. KHARTUKOV, MGMIO University, Moscow
This is a period of contrasting achievements and challenges
for Russias oil and gas industry. During 2013, Russia relinquished
its position as the worlds No.1 producer of oil and gas, combined,
to the U.S., which ended the year with the worlds top output.
Yet, for all of 2013, Russia still produced more crude and condensate than any nation in the world10.523 MMbpd, or 12.2%
of the global total of crude, condensate and NGLs, combined.
Nonetheless, in November 2013, total U.S. field output of petroleum liquids averaged 10.63 MMbpd, which made the country
the worlds leading oil producer for that month. The U.S. already
has gained the position of top dry gas producer.
FINANCIAL ACTIVITY

Last Sept. 30, a new fiscal regime for the Russian hydrocarbon
sector, the 55-61 system (in place of the previous 60-66 structure),
was introduced by federal law No. 263-FZ. It changed the rates of
export duty and established the future base rates of the mineral
extraction tax (MET) on crude oil. As of Jan. 1, 2014, the MET
rate per ton of oil produced was raised from RUB470 ($13.49) to
RUB493 ($14.13). It will go higher, to RUB530 ($15.19), on Jan.
1, 2015, and to RUB559 ($16.02) on Jan. 1, 2016.

Simultaneously, the maximum export duty rate on crude oil,


established by governmental decree on a monthly basis, is being
lowered (by reducing the coefficient in the formula) from the
previous 60% to 59% in 2014, 57% in 2015 and 55% in 2016.
Only several firms in Russia (like Rosneft, LUKoil, and Surgutneftegas) fall into the category of major, integrated petroleum
companies, Table 1. At the end of March 2013, Rosnefts acquisition of TNK-BP from BP was completed. BP received $17.1 billion in cash and 12.84% of Rosnefts assets. This history-making
deal is estimated at $55 billion. Meanwhile, in May 2013, Rosneft
said that it would pay $3 billion in cash for the remaining 49% of
shares in Russias major gas trader, Itera Oil & Gas.
On Dec. 23, 2013, Germanys BASF and Gazprom swapped
assets of equivalent value. BASF subsidiary Wintershall will further expand its oil and gas production, and exit gas trading and
storage. The transaction should complete in mid-2014.
World Oils Contributing Editor for South Asia, Raj Kanwar,
reports that strange as it may seem, the ongoing, overtly confrontational posturing by Russian President Vladimir Putin in Crimea
and eastern Ukraine has produced some unexpected side-effects.
Concerned about sanctions imposed by the U.S. and the Euro-

A rig and wellhead (left) co-exist in a Surgutneftegas mature eld in Western Siberia. Custom-built for the purpose, the Mikhail Ulyanov tanker (center) arrives at Gazprom
Nefts Prirazlomnoye eld, to load the rst 500,000 bbl of Arctic oil production. In the northern portion of Western Siberia, Surgutneftegas has had to build a number of
articial islands, to enable drilling in the swampy area.

82JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

pean Union, Rosneft has now approached both Indias flagship


explorer, ONGC, and private conglomerate Reliance Industries
for possible joint ventures.
RESERVES

Oil and gas reserves first became classified under the Soviet
regime in 1949. For many years, the Soviet Union was not a
member of any international supervisory organization. On July 5,
2013, Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev signed a decree
lifting the secrecy that surrounded the countrys reserves data,
and now, finally, the numbers have been published officially. According to Natural Resources Minister Sergey Donskoy, Russias
oil reserves stood, as of Jan. 1, 2012, at 17.8 billion tonnes (Bt) under the explored (AB) and estimated (1) categories of the Russian ABC1 classification system, equal to 128.7 Bbbl. In addition,
total ABC1 natural gas reserves were 1,817 Tcf, noticeably more
than the 1,310-Tcf figure under the U.S. system (a Russian/FSU
standard cubic meter corresponds to around 37.24 U.S. ft3, and
not to around 35.3147 ft3, as is true in other parts of the world).
Russias subsoil agency, Rosnedra, said that during 2013, 30
fields were discovered in Russia27 oil fields, two oil/gas fields
and one gas/oil field. The ABC1 reserves of the finds totaled
roughly 4.4 billion bbl, of crude oil; 37.24 Tcf of gas; and about
300 MMbbl of condensate. At the start of 2014, there were 2,508
fields officially recognized in Russia, including 1,710 oil, 238 gas,
217 gas/oil, 208 oil/condensate and 135 gas/condensate fields.
In terms of size, 28% were small- and medium-sized fields (with
reserves up to 200 MMboe); 41% were major ones (200 MMboe
to 2.2 Bboe) and 31% were giants (over 2.2 Bboe).
Other oil reserve estimates. Published data on Russias oil
reserves vary considerably, mainly because, for many years, they
were a state secret. Russian proved oil reserves tended to be (and

still are) substantially downgraded (to 45 Bbbl to 85 Bbbl) by almost all Western experts. This is despite the fact that the proved
oil reserves of just the five largest Russian oil and gas companies
(Lukoil, Yukos, SNG, TNK and Sibneft), alone, when audited in
1999-2000 by Miller & Lents and De Golyer & MacNaughton,
amounted to 46.3 Bbbl.
If one takes the 110-Bbbl estimate of proved oil reserves from
Moscow-based Center for Petroleum Business Studies at MGIMO University, and the average R/P ratio typical of Canada,
whose industry resembles Russias in terms of 20 years, then Russia could produce about 50% more oil (or around 15 MMbpd, at
110 Bbbl20 years365 days), compared to what it actually produces now, provided that it had sufficient oil markets.
Natural gas reserves. According to BP, Russia holds nearly
one-fifth of the worlds proved reserves of natural gas, equal to
1,162.5 Tcf, as of the end of 2012. This is close to the U.S. estimate of 1,310 Tcf and noticeably lower than the official, 2012
Russian figure of 1,817 Tcf.
PRODUCTION

The aforementioned projection of higher national oil output


is indirectly backed by a long-term forecast by the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Table 2. In the same vein, the leading
expert at Russian Union of Oil and Gas Industrialists, Rustam
Tankayev, estimates Russias oil production potential at about 14
MMbpd. In November 2013, the Russian government slightly increased its long-term forecast of production in 2030 from 10.36
MMbpd to 10.46 MMbpd. Still, a majority of Western experts
predicts a foreseeable decline in Russias oil output.
According to Russias Energy Ministry and Roskomstat, oil
production grew 0.9% during 2013, to reach a record 10.523
MMbpd, with 73% produced by six companies. The bulk
World Oil/JUNE 201483

REGIONAL REPORT / RUSSIA


Natural gas. According to Russias Energy Ministry and Roscomstat, the countrys gross natural gas output rose 2.1% in
Controlled proved
Production, 20132
reserves,1 as of Jan. 1, 2013
2013, to 68.16 Bcfd, including 61.27 Bcfd
of free gas and 6.89 Bcfd of associated gas.
State
Crude+
Crude+
control, as
Natural gas,
Natural
Gazprom accounted for 71.9% of Russian
Company
condensate,
cond.,
of Jan. 1,
Bcf
gas,3 Bcfd
MMbbl
MMbpd
gas output, although the firms production
2013, %
slipped 0.4%. In line with the latest forecast
Gazprom (exclud50.002
10,108
711,809
0.34
49.02
of the Russian Ministry of Economic Deing Gazprom Neft)
velopment (MER), natural gas output will
Rosneft (excluding
69.5
14.523
26,597
3.14
3.89
amount to 68.77 Bcfd in 2014, 69.58 Bcfd
TNK-BP)
in 2015, and 70.19 Bcfd in 2016.
LUKoil

13,381
23,487
1.74
1.85
Most Russian gas is produced in the
4
TNK-BP

12,290
18,843
0.72
1.33
NadymPur-Taz (NPT) region of WestSurgutneftegas

18.3 billion boe


1.23
1.22
ern Siberia. However, the regions share of
Tatneft
34.05
6,194
177.2
0.53
0.094
Russian gas production is shrinking, due
MMboe
to its dwindling resources. Output is inGazprom Neft6
47.842
6,782
12,545
0.65
0.854
creasing in other areas, especially in Yamal.
Bashneft7

2,006.8
> 1,862
0.32
0.046
Russian gas is usually associated with
Slavneft

4,970

0.34
0.083
national monopoly Gazprom, but there
(ABC1
are other gas companies in Russia, which
reserves)
are formally independent. Though Gaz
1,648
1,060
0.25
0.16
RussNeft8
prom fiercely impedes their independent
Alliance Oil

733 MMboe
0.054

gas exports to outside the FSU, they do


(proved+probable)
cooperate with the gas giant on sales to the
In line with PRMS rules. Including affiliated companies, but excluding subsidiaries abroad. Gross output. Acquired by Rosneft in March 2013. Controlled by the Republic of Tatarstan. Gazproms subsidiary. Since March 2009, controlled 76.52% by Sistema holdings. Until June 2013, controlled 49%
former Soviet republics and production of
by Sistema; after that, wholly by Mikhail Gutseriev.
indigenous gas within these republics.
Gazprom is especially active in European
countries, for which it has been the main (and in some cases the
TABLE 2. RAS FORECASTRUSSIAN OIL (CRUDE & CONDENSATE)
only) supplier of gas for many decades. According to Eurostat, in
PRODUCTION, 2015-2030, MMBPD1
2012, Russia and Gazprom supplied nearly 32% of natural gas imArea
2015
2020
2025
2030
ports to the European Union (intra-EU gas trade excluded), while
Norwegian gas accounted for 29%, and about 14% came from AlWestern Siberia
6.92
7.00
7.04
7.13
geria. Thanks to price cuts, cold weather and more production,
Yamalo-Nenets AO
1.20
1.30
1.40
1.61
Gazproms exports to Europe, including Turkey, rose 16% during
Khanty-Mansiysk AO
5.22
5.20
5.14
5.02
2013, to a record high 161.5 Bcm, up from 138 Bcm in 2012.
Tomsk Region
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.30
Rosneft is expanding its gas business. Its previously mentioned
acquisition
of Itera enables Rosneft to produce an additional 1.33
South of Tyumen
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
Bcfgd,
or
2%
of total Russian output and gain recoverable liquid
Novosibirsk Region
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
and gas reserves of 440 MMbbl and 44.7 Tcf, respectively. Rosneft
Omsk Region
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
also has joined forces with gas independent Novatek, to lobby for
European Russia
2.31
2.20
2.13
2.01
the right to export LNG. Rosneft plans to increase its share of the
Eastern Siberia
0.84
2.00
2.21
2.61
Russian gas market from 9% now, to 19%-22% by 2020. Rosneft
produced 1.67 Bcfgd in 2012 and 3.90 Bcfgd in 2013. The firm
Far East (Sakhalin)
0.50
0.60
0.65
0.70
will produce more than 6.12 Bcfgd by 2016.
Total
10.57
11.80
12.03
12.45
TABLE 1. LEADING RUSSIAN PRODUCERS

Source: Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), www.energyles.com/eurfsu/russia


1Converted from metric tonnes to barrels, at a conversion rate of 7.324 bbl/ton.

of Russian crude was produced, as usual, in Western Siberia


(about 70%), as well as in Volga-Urals, Eastern Siberia, on and
around Sakhalin Island, and in Timan-Pechora, Fig. 1. During
the 2013-2018 period, some $220 billion will be invested in
Russian oil production, plus $65 billion for gas production.
Contrary to conventional wisdom, Russian oil has never
been cheap to produce, and the cost is increasing. Adding to the
rise in production cost is the ever-growing water cut, standing
now at an average 85.4% for Russian producing oil wells, and
estimated to reach 89% by 2030. Another factor adding to the
cost of Russian oil production is the decreasing reserve yield of
exploratory drilling, Fig. 2.
84JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

DRILLING

During 2013, nearly 7,370 exploration and development wells


were completed in Russia, including 22 offshore. This compares
to less than 3,540 wells in 2004 and 7,159 wells in 2012. By 2017,
the number of wells drilled should increase to 8,050, Fig. 3.
More than 12,020 new oil and gas wells were drilled in Russia during 2012-2013, including 5,890 in 2013. Of the 2013 total, almost 1,600 wells (over 27%) were completed by Rosneft.
Nearly 1,480 (over 25%) were completed by Surgutneftegas, and
more than 990 wells (16.8%) were drilled by LUKoil. The latter
accounted for more than 37.7 MMft drilled in 2013.
Russian operators and drilling contractors now have about
1,835 operable drilling rigs available, with up to half of them in
service. This compares to a little more than 340 units in 2000 and

RUSSIA / REGIONAL REPORT

Fig. 1. Russias main oil-producing areas.

Timan-Pechora

Northern
Krasnoyarsk Krai

Western Siberia

Northern
Caucasus

Ural-Volga
Eastern Siberia

Caspian
Sea shelf

Fig. 2. Oil and gas reserve additions in Russia as a function of the


volume (boe/meter) of exploratory drilling, 2005-2013.

400
350
300
Boe/meter drilled

250

200
150
100
50
0
2005

2006

2007

Source: CDU TEK, Renaissance Capital

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

9M13

760 rigs in 2009. However, more than 57% of the nations rig fleet
is over 20 years old, according to VTB Capital Research. Summing up the situation, VTB Capital analyst Oga Danilenko said,
Russias rig fleet is too old, too light and it lacks agility.
Because several large Russian operators have divested their
in-house service arms, the leading drilling companies, like Eurasia Drilling (EDC), Siberian Service (SSC), Integra Drilling,
Ru Energy and Burgaz, have organized a type of all-Russian
cartel operating in the country. EDC is the largest of them, accounting for about 30% of footage drilled in Russia, including a
record 20.54 MMft in 2013, up 3.5% from 2012s level.

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OI-01-004

In October 2013, Rosneft downgraded its production forecast for the Vankor group of oil and gas fields, its main oil asset,
which produced 426,421 bopd during 2013, Fig. 4. Rosneft now
believes these fields will only produce 458,110 bopd in 2016, at
their production plateau. Rosneft previously had planned to produce 500,000 bopd from the Vankor fields by 2019.
The Vankor fields are 81 mi west of Igarka in the Turukhansk District of Krasnoyarsk Territory in Eastern Siberia.
The group includes Vankor, Suzun, Tagul and Lodochnoye

REGIONAL REPORT / RUSSIA


Ust-Silginskiy field in the Tomsk region. The company began delivering
gas via a 28-mi pipeline to the Gazprom
trunk pipeline.
30
8,026
At the end of October, Novatek
7,869
7,563 7,715
launched
the Eastern dome of North24 25
23 23
22
Urengoyskoye field, developed by the
Nortgas JV. Eighteen production wells
20
have been completed at the Eastern
dome, which has a 223-Bcf/year gas
15
treatment facility, gas gathering networks, and gas and condensate pipelines
10
to the fields Western dome. The Eastern
dome allows the JV to achieve a peak
5
production capacity of more than 1.0
Bcfgd and 3,835 bcpd during 2014.
0
North-Urengoyskoye field has proved
2014 2015 2016 2017
reserves of 5.86 Tcf of natural gas and
about 180 MMbbl of liquid hydrocarbons, as estimated under SEC methodology on Dec. 31, 2012. Commercial production at the Western
dome began in 2001.
Last December, China National Petroleum Corporation
(CNPC) and Rosneft agreed to jointly produce Eastern Siberia
oil reserves. The companies will set up a JV (Rosneft 51%, CNPC
49%), to develop a number of fields, including Srednebotuobinsk. Oil produced in the future will be exported to China and
other Asia-Pacific countries through the Eastern Siberia-Pacific
Ocean Pipeline (ESPO) and a China-Russia oil pipeline stretching from Skovorodino, Russia, to Daqing City in Heilongjiang
Province, China, Fig. 5.
The Black Sea and Kara Sea JV operating companies, Tuapsemorneftegaz SARL and Karmorneftegaz SARL respectively, will begin projects as operators, pursuant to an agreement
between Exxon Mobil (33.33%) and Rosneft (66.67), which
is the license holder. Initial exploration cost in the two areas
is estimated at more than $3.2 billion, most of which will be
financed by Exxon Mobil. Drilling operations should begin
during 2014.
Last Sept. 23, Phase 1 of the 1.94-Bcfd Kaliningradskoye UGS
facility was commissioned. It has a maximum daily deliverability
of 178.8 MMcfd (daily average gas consumption in the region is
219.7 MMcfd). This facility is a part of Gazproms plan to expand
gas supplies to the Kaliningrad region.
Last October, Gazprom confirmed that production at
Bovanenkovo field (Fig. 6) during 2013 would amount to 3.1
Bcfd, increasing to 4.1 Bcfd in 2014 and 4.3 Bcfd in 2015. This is
less than half of the original plan to produce 9.2 Bcfd.
The production cuts come as the company has experienced
falling demand, due to declining sales in Europe. Bovanenkovo
field was officially launched in October 2012. Totaling 182.5 Tcf
of gas reserves, it is the Yamal Peninsulas largest field.
Tight oil. Forty-five years after its discovery under the
swamps of Western Siberia, efforts are underway to develop
the worlds largest shale oil resourcesthe Bazhenov tight oil
formation. In December 2012, Rosneft (51%) and Exxon Mobil (49%) signed documents establishing a pilot project JV for
tight oil development in Western Siberia. The pilot program
will assess and determine the technical possibility of developing the Achimov gas and Bazhenov oil formations in Western

9,000
Onshore
Offshore

Number of wells drilled onshore

8,000

7,129 7,343
6,733 6,921
22
6,331 6,532
21 21
20 20
20
5,587

7,000
6,000
5,000 4,714

5,140
4,715

4,401 4,505
3,802

4,000

3,527
10 10

3,000
2,000

10

10

1,000
0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Source: www.oil-gas.ru/userles/obzor_rinka_Chuev_D_E

Fig. 4. At the Vankor eld group in Eastern Siberia, Rosneft


produced more than 425,000 bopd in 2013 and is headed toward
a plateau of nearly 460,000 bopd in 2016 (photo courtesy of
WEG S.A.).

Fig. 5. Oil produced jointly by Rosneft and CNPC, and destined


for China, will be transported via two pipeline segments, ESPO
Phases 1 and 2.

Russia
East Siberian oil and gas elds
Tomsk

OIl pipeline

ESPO phase 1
Sea of
Okhotsk

Omsk

Skovorodino
OIl pipeline

Taishet
Angarsk

Vanino

OIl pipeline

Pavlodar

Mongolia

Daqing
ESPO phase 2

China

Kozmino
Nakhodka
Tanker
Yellow
terminal
Sea

fields. Vankor field has oil-in-place reserves totalling 3.8 Bbbl,


of which 1.5 Bbbl are proved reserves, along with 3.54 Tcf of
natural gas.
In February 2013, Alliance Oil completed infrastructure
development and launched gas production of 26 MMcfd at
86JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

Number of wells drilled offshore

Fig. 3. Number of onshore and offshore wells drilled in Russia during 2000-2012, and
forecast for 2013-2017.

RUSSIA / REGIONAL REPORT


Siberia. Exploration work will be performed on 17 Achimov
blocks and 20 Bazhenov blocks in a 2013-2015 timeframe, financed by Exxon Mobil.
In March 2013, Gazprom Neft completed its first experimental tight oil well in the Bazhenov-Abalak formation of the
Palyanovsk zone of Krasnoleninskoye field in Western Siberia.
Based on this successful well, development of the Palyanovsk
zone is set to start during 2014.
Sergey Donskoy, the Russian Minister of Natural Resources
and Ecology, gave more detailed information on the challenging
Bazhenov reserves. He said, as of the beginning of 2012, Bazhenov reserves amount to 3.64 Bbbl (2.06 Bbbl of A, B and C1
categories and 1.58 Bbbl of C2 category). The majority of these
reserves belongs to non-licensed prospects2.675 Bbbl, while
967 MMbbl are already on the books of producing companies.
These reserves are mainly in the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous
Okrug (3.555 Bbbl).
During 2013, Surgutneftegaz (SNG) increased its Bazhenov
shale oil production more than 60%, to 10,915 bpd. Over the past
30 years, SNG has drilled more than 600 wells into the Bazhenov,
but about 37% have been dry, demonstrating the problems with
understanding a reservoir that is not homogenous. However, the
63% of wells that succeeded have flowed as much as 2,200 bopd.
To date, SNG has produced almost 9 MMbbl of Bazhenov oil.
SNG produces oil at 10 Bazhenov deposits. By 2018, that number
should rise to 13.
An optimistic, overall forecast from the Russian Ministry of
Natural Resources suggests that total tight oil production might

exceed 1 million bpd by 2025 and reach 1.7 million bpd by 2030.
By contrast, the Energy Ministrys forecast is much lower, at
only 440,000 bopd by 2020, before declining to 400,000 bopd
by 2025. To support these efforts, the Russian government, last
August, introduced tight oil tax breaks.
As for the Achimov condensate-rich formation, drilling was
begun in second-half 2013 by the Eriell/ Schlumberger/Artikgaz
consortium at the Urengoyskoye gas/condensate field. By midNovember, the group had successfully completed a horizontal
Fig. 6. Springtime in Bovanenkovo: In April 2014, a Gazprom
operator carries out a visual inspection of equipment at a gas
well cluster in Bovanenkovo eld, on the Yamal Peninsula (photo
courtesy of Gazprom).

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leads OCTG customers to require tubular offering improved collapse resistance vs. the standard API one. Today, pipe collapse
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product lines, labeled VM HC or VM HCSS (for sour-services application), which offer collapse pressure exceeding in average
by 30% the standard API collapse pressure. These high collapse products remain fully compliant with API standard. The higher
collapse pressure is achieved thanks to specic manufacturing process and best-in-class quality control. This performance is
determined and guaranteed by using Vallourec proprietary collapse model.

presents: Live Webcast

Tuesday, July 8, 2014


9 a.m. CDT / 2 p.m. GMT
Register Today:
WorldOil.com/webcasts

Speaker:
Franois-Xavier Bulard

Speaker:
Dr. Catalin Teodoriu

Moderator:
Kurt Abraham

Marketing and Technical


Sales Manager
Vallourec

Clausthal University
of Technology

Executive Editor
World Oil

Institute of Petroleum
Engineering
World Oil/JUNE 201487

RUSSIA / REGIONAL REPORT


well in just 68 days, drilled to a depth of 17,060 ft. The 3,343-ftlong horizontal wellbore simultaneously exposed three pay zones.
Through the agreement between Gazprom and Wintershall
mentioned earlier, Blocks IV and V in the Achimov formations
Urengoi gas/condensate field of Western Siberia will be developed jointly. They have resources of 10.2 Tcf of gas and 635
MMbbl of condensate. An annual plateau of 815 MMcfgd is expected from the two blocks, once production starts up in 2016.
Offshore. Russia possesses the worlds largest continental
shelf, which may contain more than 560 Bboe of resources. Yet,
less than 300 wells have been drilled offshore. Last October,
output was started from the countrys first subsea production
system at Kirinskoye gas field. Operated by Gazprom, Kirinskoye is part of the Sakhalin III concession in the Sea of Okhotsk, 17.4 mi offshore eastern Russia. Its subsea facilities are
in a 295-ft water depth. The produced gas is transported via a
subsea pipeline to the onshore processing facility (OPF) in the
Sakhalin region.
Gazproms new Polyarnaya Zvezda semisubmersible is drilling the Kirinskoye wells, Fig. 7. One production well is operable,
and six more are to be drilled. At peak, the field will deliver over
560 MMcfgd. Eventually the Kirinskoye OPF will also receive gas
from other Sakhalin III fields, which hold 41 Tcf of gas.
In yet another development related to the Russia-Ukraine
situation, World Oil Contributing Editor Raj Kanwar reports
that Rosneft has offered Indian firm ONGCs international arm,
OVL, a stake in 10 offshore blocks. Nine of these are in the Barents Sea, and one is in the Black Sea.
LNG. On Dec. 23, 2013, Gazprom and Shell agreed to move
to project design stage for a third train at the LNG plant in Sakhalin. The firms addressed the prospects for the Sakhalin II project
expansion and advised Sakhalin Energy to prepare FEED documents for construction of the third LNG process train in Prigorodnoye settlement, Sakhalin Island.
Also in place, is an agreement identifying further steps for
the development of a 15-MMt/year LNG plant in the Russian
Far East, near Vladivostok. Gazprom and the Japanese government have undertaken work to determine a plant site, gas
liquefaction technologies and commercial structure for the
Vladivostok project.
ARCTIC ACTIVITY

Last December, Gazprom began oil production at Prirazlomnoye field, Russias first Arctic offshore exploration project.
The $4-billion Prirazlomnoye oil field lies 37 mi offshore in the
Pechora Sea. Recoverable oil is estimated at about 530 million
bbl. Production should be about 120,000 bopd after 2020. The
first 500,000-bbl tanker was loaded with oil from Prirazlomnoye
in April, and at least 2.2 MMbbl are expected to be in 2014.
Meanwhile, on June 11, 2013, Rosneft and Exxon Mobil
signed agreements creating the Arctic Research Center and the
joint use of technologies globally. Exxon Mobil will provide
$200-million funding for the centers initial research phase. Rosneft (66.67%) and Exxon Mobil (33.33%) will equally fund the
next $250 million to continue this joint research.
In February, ExxonMobil and Rosneft increased their strategic
cooperation by adding seven new blocks in the Russian Arctic, in
the Chukchi, Laptev and Kara Seas, spanning 150 million acres.
The companies have agreed to create JV entities in these areas. License obligations stipulate that 14 exploration and appraisal wells

Fig. 7. Gazproms new Polyarnaya Zvezda semisubmersible has


been drilling Kirinskoye eld wells offshore Sakhalin Island (photo
courtesy of Gazprom).

will be drilled, and a significant amount of 2D and 3D seismic will


be gathered over the next 10 years.
Last November, Novatek and Gazprom Neft acquired Enis
holding in a gas venture for $2.94 billion, increasing their control
of one of the largest new energy projects. The Yamal Development venture will raise its total share in the SeverEnergia gas/
condensate project to 80.4% from 51%. SeverEnergia has an estimated 9.8 Tcf of gas reserves and about 5 Bbbl of liquids. Last
December, Total (20%) announced that it, along with Novatek
(60%) and CNPC (20%) had reached a final investment decision
to develop the onshore Yamal LNG project in Russias Arctic. It
will develop reserves of more than 5 Bboe. It consists of an LNG
plant with a capacity of 16.5 MMt/year and represents a $27-billion capital expenditure.
EXPORT PROJECTS

Last October, Russia concluded an $85-billion oil supply deal


with China, whereby Rosneft will supply Chinas Sinopec with
about 730 MMbbl of crude oil over 10 years, starting from 2014.
Last June, Rosneft signed a $270-billion deal with CNPC to supply 300,000 bopd to China over 25 years, starting in 2015.
At the end of 2013, Russia and Kazakhstan reached an agreement to cooperate on transportation of oil from Russia to China
through Kazakhstan. Deliveries will be made on a swap scheme.
Also in November, Gazprom and CNPC agreed on the basic
terms of a deal to ship up to 2.5 Tcf of gas per year to China.
EUGENE KHARTUKOV is a leading international expert on Russian
and ex-Soviet oil and gas issues. During 1970-1982, he worked in
various research centers, departments and enterprises of the USSR
Ministries of Geology, of Oil and Gas Industry, of Foreign Trade and
of Foreign Affairs. From 1983 to 1996, he worked for several energy
analysis and consulting rms. Since 1996, Dr. Khartukov has been a
professor at the Center for Petroleum Business Studies and MGMIO
University in Moscow. Also, from 2003 to 2012, he was director of
international projects at Petromarkets Research Group. He graduated
with an Honours Diploma in International Economics from MGIMO in
1977, and obtained a PhD in International & Petroleum Economics in
1980, and a post-doctorate degree (professorship) in International &
Energy Economics in 1990, from MGIMO. He earned the Lifetime Title
of Professor in 1994. Dr. Khartukov has authored nearly 300 articles,
brochures and books on petroleum and energy economics, politics,
management, and oil and gas in the FSU, Russia, and other regions.

World Oil/JUNE 201489

16 October

2014
The Houstonian Hotel Club & Spa

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of the 16 award categories.
In addition, The World Oil Awards also
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Dont miss this unique opportunity to
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DRILLING, COMPLETION & WORKOVER FLUIDS


2014

Special Supplement to

Published in June 2014


Copyright 2014 Gulf Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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uids nomenclature
These system descriptions
and product denitions reect
general industry practice and
terminology consistent with
descriptions adopted by the
American Petroleum Institute
(API) and the International Association of Drilling Contractors (IADC).
WATER-BASED SYSTEMS

Non-dispersed. These systems include


spud muds, natural muds and other lightly
treated systems that are generally used for
shallow wells or top-hole drilling. Thinners and dispersants are not added to disperse drill solids and clay particles.
Dispersed. At greater depths, where
higher densities are required, or where
hole conditions may be problematic,
muds are often dispersed, typically with
lignosulfonates, lignites or tannins. These,
and similar products, are effective deflocculants and filtrate reducers. Potassiumcontaining chemicals are frequently used
to provide greater shale inhibition. Specialized chemicals are also added to adjust or
maintain specific mud properties.
Calcium-treated. Divalent cations, such
as calcium and magnesium, when added to
a freshwater drilling mud, inhibit formation clay and shale swelling. High levels of
soluble calcium are used to control sloughing shale and hole enlargement, and to
prevent formation damage. Hydrated lime,
gypsum and calcium chloride are principal
ingredients of calcium systems. Calciumtreated muds resist salt and anhydrite contamination but are susceptible to gelation
and solidification at high temperatures.
High-performance water-based muds
(HPWBM). These are usually reformulated polymer systems containing systemspecific products to deliver shale stability,
clay and cuttings inhibition, lubricity and
high ROP, while minimizing bit balling/
accretion and downhole torque problems.
Some HPWBM use borehole-stabilizing

products to reduce pore pressure transmission similar to oil-based muds.


Low-solids. Listings include systems in
which the volume and type of solids are
controlled. Total solids should not range
higher than about 6% to 10% by volume.
Clay solids should be some 3% or less and
exhibit a ratio of drilled solids to bentonite
of less than 2:1. Low-solids systems typically use polymer additive as a viscosifier or
bentonite extender and are non-dispersed.
Polymer/PA/PHPA. Muds incorporating generally long-chain, high-molecularweight polymers are used either to encapsulate drill solids to prevent dispersion and
coat shales for inhibition, or to increase
viscosity and reduce fluid loss. Various
polymers are available for these purposes,
including cellulose, natural gum-based
products and acrylamide. Frequently, inhibiting salts, such as KCl or NaCl, are used
to provide greater shale stability. These systems usually contain a minimum amount of
bentonite and may be sensitive to divalent
cations, such as calcium and magnesium.
Most polymers have temperature limits
below 300F but, under certain conditions,
may be used in hotter wells. A special class
of water-based muds use partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (PHPA) as an additive, to encapsulate drill solids or to extend
bentonite clay in a low-solids mud.
Saltwater systems. Several mud systems
are included in this classification. Saturated
salt systems are used to drill salt formations. Lower levels are usually referred to
as brackish or seawater systems. Saltwater
muds are usually prepared from brackish
water, seawater or produced water sources,
and dry sodium chloride (or another salt,
such as potassium chloride used for shale
inhibition) is added. Various specialty
products, such as attapulgite, carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), starch and others, are used to increase viscosity for holecleaning properties and to reduce fluid loss.
OIL-BASED MUDS (OBM)

Oil-based systems are used in various applications where fluid stability and inhibi-

tion are necessary, such as high-temperature wells, deep holes, and where sticking
and hole stabilization are problems.
1. Invert emulsion muds are water-in-oil
emulsions, typically with calcium chloride
brine as the emulsified internal phase and
oil as the continuous phase. They may
contain as much as 50% brine in the liquid
phase. Invert emulsion muds can be conventional with a highly stable emulsion or
relaxed with lower emulsion stabilities
and higher HPHT filtrates. The concentration of additives and brine content/salinity
are varied to control rheological, filtration
and emulsion stability. Oil-based mud additives include emulsifiers and wetting agents
(commonly fatty acids and amine derivatives), amine-treated organic materials for
filtration control, organoclays and polymers for viscosity, and lime for alkalinity.
2. All-oil fluids are formulated with only
base oil as the liquid phase and are often
used as coring fluids. Although these systems pick up water from the formation, no
additional water or brine is added. All-oil
systems require higher additional gelling
agents for viscosity.
COMPLETION FLUIDS

Solids-free and formulated with aqueous


salts for density, these fluids can achieve a
wide density range by incorporating the
appropriate salt (halides, bromides and formates) without using conventional weighting materials. They are usually designed
to match specific reservoir criteria, taking
into account critical factors like equivalent
static density (ESD), contamination risks
and crystallization temperatures.
HPHT SPECIALTY PRODUCTS

Specifically designed for high-pressure,


high-temperature and hostile environments where conventional drilling fluids
are impractical or uneconomical, they address safety and environmental compliance, lost circulation, decreased penetration rates, acid gases and determination of
downhole pressure, while allowing for flexible tool and equipment selection.
World Oil/JUNE 2014F93

DRILLING, COMPLETION AND WORKOVER FLUIDS 2014

Abbreviations of company names


AES AES Drilling Fluids (formerly Fluids
Management), Houston, TX, www.aesfluids.com
AkzoNobel Akzo Nobel Functional Chemicals
B.V., Arnhem, Netherlands, www.akzonobel.
com/pa
Alliance Alliance Drilling Fluids, LLC,
Midland, TX, USA, www.alliancedf.com
Alpine Alpine Specialty Chemicals, Houston,
TX, USA, www.alpinemud.com
Am. Gil. American Gilsonite Co., Bonanza, UT,
USA, www.americangilsonite.com
Anchor Anchor Drilling Fluids, Tulsa, OK,
USA, www.anchorusa.com
Aqua-Clear Aqua-Clear, Inc., Charleston, WV,
USA, www.aquaclear-inc.com
Aquaness Aquaness Chemical, a Baker Hughes
business unit, Sugar Land, TX, USA, www.
bakerhughes.com
Ashland Ashland Aqualon Functional
Ingredients, a commerical unit of Ashland, Inc.,
Wilmington, DE, USA, www.aqualon.com
Ava Ava Drilling Fluids, S.p.A., Rome, Italy,
www.avaspa.it
BHI Baker Hughes Incorporated, Houston, TX,
USA, www.bakerhughes.com
Baroid Baroid, a division of Halliburton,
Houston, TX, USA, www.halliburton.com/baroid
Barzaghi Barzaghi srl, Arluno, Italy,
www.barzaghi.org
BASF BASF Global Oilfield Solutions,
Houston, TX, USA, www.basf.com/
oilfieldchemicals
BCI Chemical BCI Chemical Corporation
Sdn Bhd, Seri Kembangan, Malaysia, www.
bcichemical.com.my
BCIDF Baker Chemicals, Inc., Houston, TX,
USA, www.bcidf.com
Black Earth Black Earth Humic LP, Alberta,
Canada, www.blackearth.com
Boysenblue Boysenblue/Celtec International,
Inc., Lafayette, LA, USA, www.boysenblue.com
Cabot Cabot Specialty Fluids, Aberdeen, UK,
www.formatebrines.com
Cebo Cebo Holland B.V., Ijmuiden,
Netherlands, www.ceboholland.com
Cesco Cesco Chemicals, Inc., Lafayette, LA,
USA, www.cescochem.com
Chemject Chemject International, Inc.,
Houston, TX, USA, www.chemject.com
ChemSol ChemSol, LLC, Minnetonka, MN,
USA, www.chemsolusa.com/drilling
Chemstar Chemstar Products Co.,
Minneapolis, MN, USA, www.chemstar.com
Cinicola Eredi Dott. Settimio Cinicola
Bentonite S.A.S., Milano, Italy, www.cinicola.net
Clariant Clariant Corp., The Woodlands, TX,
USA, www.clariantoil.com
Coatex Coatex SAS, Genay, France, www.
coatex.com
CorsiTech CorsiTech, Houston, TX, www.
special-products.com
F94JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

Deep South Deep South Chemical, Inc.,


Lafayette, LA, USA, www.deep-south-chemical.
com
Dow Dow Oil and Gas, Houston, TX, USA,
www.dowoilandgas.com
Drill Tech Drill Tech Environmental Services,
Inc., Schriever, LA, USA
Drill. Spec. Drilling Specialties, The
Woodlands, TX, USA, www.cpchem.com/bl/
drilling
Drillchem Drillchem Drilling Solutions,
Lafayette, LA, USA, www.drillchem.com
Drillsafe DrillSafe Janel Int., Ustron, Poland,
www.drillsafe.com.pl
DSC DSC Incorporated, The Woodlands, TX,
USA, www.TORKease.com
Ecofluids Ecofluids, Inc., Houston, TX, USA,
www.ecofluids.net
Elementis Elementis Specialties, Hightstown,
NJ, USA, www.elementis-specialties.com
Elkem Elkem, Ltd., Kristiansand, Norway, www.
wdp.elkem.com
EMEC Egyptian Mud Engineering & Chemicals
Company, Cairo, Egypt, www.emec.com.eg
Emery Emery Oleochemicals GmbH,
Dsseldorf, Germany, www.emeryoleo.com
Forta Forta Corp., Grove City, PA, USA, www.
super-sweep.com
GEO Geo Drilling Fluids, Bakersfield, CA,
USA, www.geodf.com
GPC Grain Processing Corp., Muscatine, IA,
USA, www.grainprocessing.com
Gumpro Gumpro Drilling Fluids Pvt. Ltd.,
Mumbai, India, www.gumprodf.com
Ibex Ibex Chemicals, Inc., Houston, TX, USA,
www.ibexchemicals.com
Impact Impact Fluid Solutions, Houston, TX,
USA, www.impact-es.com
Integrity Integrity Industries, Inc., Kingsville,
TX, USA, www.integrityindustries.com
ISP International Specialty Products, Wayne,
NJ, USA, www.ispenergy.com
Kelco Kelco Oilfield Group, a Huber Company,
Houston, TX, USA, www.cpkelco.com
Kemira Kemira Water Solutions, Kennesaw,
GA, USA, www.kemira.com
Lamberti Lamberti S.p.A., Gallarate, Italy,
www.lamberti.com
LCM Lost Circulation Management, Fulshear,
TX, USA, www.lostcirculationmgmt.com
LCS Lost Circulation Specialists, Magnolia, TX,
USA, www.magmafiber.com
Liquid Csg. Liquid Casing, Inc., Houston, TX,
USA, www.liquidcasing.com
L-USA Lamberti USA, Hungerford, TX, USA,
www.lambertiusa.com
M&D M&D Industries of Louisiana, Lafayette,
LA, USA, www.ultrasealinc.com
MASI MASI Technologies, LLC, Edmond, OK,
USA, www.masitech.com
Mayco Mayco-Wellchem, Inc., Houston, TX,
USA, www.maycowellchem.com

Messina Messina, Inc., Dallas, TX, USA, www.


MessinaChemicals.com
M-I SWACO M-I SWACO, a Schlumberger
company, Houston, TX, USA, www.miswaco.
com
Montello Montello, Inc., Tulsa, OK, USA, www.
montelloinc.com
Nalco Nalco Company Energy Chemicals,
Sugar Land, TX, USA, www.nalco.com
Newpark Newpark Drilling Fluids, Houston,
TX, USA, www.newparkdf.com
NOV NOV Fluids Services, Lafayette, LA, USA,
www.nov.com/drilling/drilling_fluids.aspx
Oleon Oleon, Oelegem, Belgium, www.oleon.
com
OMNOVA OMONOVA Solutions
Performance Chemicals, Chester, SC, USA,
www.omnova.com
Pacer Pacer Corporation, Custer, SD, USA,
www.pacerminerals.com
PICO PICO DFT, part of PICO Energy
Petroleum Integrated Services, Cairo, Egypt,
www.picoenergy.com
Pro-Form Pro-Formance Drilling Fluids,
Houston, TX, www.prodrlf.com
Q'Max Q'Max America Inc., Benbrook, TX,
www.qmaxsolutions.com
Rapid Rapid Drilling Fluids, Lafayette, LA,
USA, www.rapidenergyservices.com
RIG-CHEM RIG-CHEM, Houma, LA, USA,
www.rigchem.com
Roquette Roquette Frres, Lestrem, France,
www.roquette.fr
Scomi Scomi Oiltools, Selanger, Malaysia, www.
scomioiltools.com.my
Shrieve Shrieve OFC, The Woodlands, TX,
USA, www.shrieve.com
Solazyme Solazyme, Inc., San Francisco, CA,
USA, www.solazyme.com
So. Clay Southern Clay Products, Gonzales,
TX, USA, www.scprod.com
Strata Strata Control Services, Inc., Crowley,
LA, USA, www.stratacontrol.com
Sun Sun Drilling Products, Belle Chasse, LA,
USA, www.sundrilling.com
TBC TBC-Brinadd, Houston, TX, USA, www.
tbc-brinadd.com
Tetra Tetra Technologies, The Woodlands, TX,
USA, www.tetratec.com
Tolsa Tolsa, S.A., Madrid, Spain, www.tolsa.com
Turbo-Chem Turbo-Chem International, Inc.,
Lafayette, LA, USA, www.turbochem.com
Venture Venture Chemicals, Inc., Lafayette, LA,
USA, www.venturechemicals.com
ViChem ViChem Specialty Products, LLC,
Conroe, TX, www.vichemllc.com
Weatherford Weatherford Drilling Fluids and
Drilling Waste Management, Dubai, UAE, www.
weatherford.com
Well Flow Well Flow International, LLC,
Houston, TX, USA, www.well-flow.com
Wyo-Ben Wyo-Ben Corp., Billings, MT, USA,
www.wyoben.com

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additives, including our patent
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4800 San Felipe


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Ofce: 713.877.2727
Customer Service: 281.438.2565

www.tbc-brinadd.com

DRILLING, COMPLETION AND WORKOVER FLUIDS 2014

RESERVOIR DRILL-IN FLUIDS (RDF)

These have the properties of a drilling


fluid and a completion fluid and are designed to minimize formation damage
when drilling a reservoir. Their primary attribute is the development of a filter cake
that effectively prevents formation damage
and is easily removed, with filtrate and filter cake being compatible with the completion process. They are usually composed of
biopolymers and bridging materials.
SYNTHETIC FLUIDS (SBM)

These are designed to mirror oil-based


mud performance, without the environmental hazards. Primary synthetic fluids
are esters, ethers and olefins. They can be
discharged offshore without any detrimental effect on the environment.
WELLBORE CLEAN-UP

These products are designed to remove


mud and mud particles that are attached
to the casing or become a part of the filter
cake while drilling. They are incorporated
into aqueous and non-aqueous spacers
and cleaners to ensure smooth displacement, optimal contact times and reduced
disposal costs.
AIR, MIST, FOAM AND GAS

Four basic operations are included in


this specialized category. These include:
1) dry air drilling, which involves injecting dry air or gas into the wellbore at rates
capable of achieving annular velocities
that will remove cuttings; 2) mist drilling, which involves injecting a foaming
agent into the air stream that mixes with
produced water and coats the cuttings to
prevent mud rings, allowing drill solids
to be removed; 3) foam, which uses surfactants and possibly clays or polymers to
form a high carrying-capacity foam; and
4) aerated fluids, which rely on mud with
injected air to remove drilled solids from
the wellbore.
FUNCTIONS OF ADDITIVES

The product function classifications are


those generally accepted by the IADC
Subcommittee on Drilling Fluids. Some
additives have multiple uses, so a primary
and two secondary functions are listed.
Alkalinity/acidity control additives.
Products, used to control the degree of
acidity or alkalinity of a fluid, include
lime, caustic soda, soda ash and bicarbonate of soda, as well as other common acids
and bases.
F96JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

Bactericides. These are used to prevent


bacterial degradation of natural organic additives, such as starch and xanthan gum.
Calcium reducers. Soda ash, bicarbonate of soda, caustic soda and certain polyphosphates are used to reduce calcium in
seawater, treat cement contamination, and
overcome the contaminating effects of
anhydrite and gypsum, forms of calcium
sulfate.
Corrosion inhibitors. These chemical
products are used to control corrosion,
neutralize hazardous acid gases and prevent scale. Common corrosion inhibitors
are amine or organophosphate products,
oxygen scavengers and other specially formulated chemicals.
Defoamers. Products are designed to reduce foaming action, particularly in brackish and saturated saltwater muds.
Emulsifiers. These products create a
heterogeneous mixture (emulsion) of two
insoluble liquids. They include fatty acids
and amine-based chemicals for oil-based
muds and detergents, soaps, organic acids and water-based surfactants for waterbased muds. Products may be anionic
(negatively charged), non-ionic (neutral)
or cationic (positively charged).
Filtrate reducers. Bentonite clays, lignite, CMC, polyacrylate and pregelatinized
starch all serve to decrease fluid loss, a measure of the tendency of the drilling fluids
liquid phase to pass through the filter cake
into the formation.
Flocculants. These are used to increase
viscosity for improved hole cleaning, to
increase bentonite yield and to clarify or
dewater low-solids fluids. Salt (or brine),
hydrated lime, gypsum, soda ash, bicarbonate of soda, sodium tetraphosphate
and acrylamide-based polymers may be
used. They cause colloidal particles in suspension to group into bunches or flocs,
causing solids to settle out.
Foaming agents. Most often, these are
chemicals that also act as surfactants to
foam in the presence of water. These foamers permit air or gas drilling through waterbearing formations.
Hydrate suppressants. Salts and alcohol-based additives are used for hydrate
suppression for use in deepwater, coldwater and riser environments.
Lost-circulation materials. A lost-circulation additive is used to plug the zone of
loss back in the formation, away from the
borehole face, so that subsequent operations will not result in additional drilling
fluid losses. LCM is found in three forms:

fiber, flake and granular/chemical thickening agents, such as ground nut hulls or
water-swellable, nonsoluble, crystalline
polymers. In case of massive lost circulation, two or more of these materials and/
or more specialized thickening materials
may be needed.
Lubricants/pipe-freeing agents. Designed to reduce a drilling fluids coefficient of friction, lubricants decrease torque
and drag. Various oils, synthetic liquids,
graphite, surfactants, glycols, glycerin and
other chemicals are used for this purpose.
Shale control inhibitors. Sources of
soluble calcium and potassium, as well as
inorganic salts and organic compounds,
provide shale control by reducing shale
hydration. These products are used to
prevent excessive wellbore enlargement
and heaving or caving while drilling watersensitive shales.
Surface-active agents. Surfactants, as
they are called, reduce interfacial tension
between contacting surfaces (water/oil,
water/solid, water/air, etc.). These may be
emulsifiers, demulsifiers, wetting agents,
flocculants or deflocculants, depending on
the surfaces involved.
Temperature-stability agents. These
are products that increase the rheological and filtration stability of drilling
fluids exposed to high temperatures in
order to allow them to continue to perform their intended purpose under these
conditions. Various chemicals are used,
including amines, acrylic polymers, sulfonated polymers and co-polymers, as
well as lignite, lignosulfonate and tanninbased additives.
Thinners, dispersants. These chemicals modify the relationship between viscosity and percentage of solids in a drilling
mud. They may be used further to reduce
gel strength, increase a fluids pumpability, etc. Tannins (quebracho), various
polyphosphates, lignite and lignosulfonate
materials function as thinners or as dispersants. A thinner functions as a deflocculant
to reduce attraction (flocculation) of clay
particles, which produces high viscosity
and gel strengths.
Viscosifiers. Bentonite and attapulgite
clays, high-molecular-weight polymers
and biopolymers increase viscosity for better hole cleaning and suspension of solids.
Weighting materials. Barite, iron oxides
and calcium carbonates, as well as salts, are
used for density to control formation pressures, prevent formation caving and facilitate pulling dry pipe.

Available
from:
Systems

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Water-based fluids

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Fluid Systems

Recommended for
these systems

Available
from:
Systems

Baroid

GEM

Polyglycol enhanced water-based drilling fluid

X X X

Baroid

HYDRO-GUARD

HPWB deepwater/offshore drilling fluid

X X X

Baroid

HYDRO-PLUG

MLCM blended fiber/particle/polymer pill

Baroid

INNOVERT

Low/no sag tendency mineral oil invert emulsion fluid

X X

X X

Baroid

INTEGRADE

Low/no sag tendency diesel oil invert emulsion fluid

X X

Baroid

INVERMUL

Inhibitive system based on potassium, lime and AVALTD2000 X

X X X

Baroid

K-SAFE

Baroid

MAXDRIL-N

Diesel oil-based invert emulsion fluid


HPWB highly-inhibitive, clay-free, seawater-based drilling fluid
Mixed metal silicated-based RDF

Baroid

MAXSEAL

MLCM acid-soluble, gelled polymer pill

Baroid

N-FLOW

Baroid

N-SOLATE

RDF containing filter cake breakers


Low thermal conductivity water-based insulating packer
fluid; 275, 400 and 600 types

Baroid

N-SQUEEZE

MLCM acid-soluble, cross-linking polymer pill

Baroid

PERFORMADRIL

HPWB drilling fluid

Baroid

PETROFREE

Ester-based invert emulsion fluid

Baroid

PIPE GUARD

Gelled invert emulsion fluid for pipe crossings

Baroid

POLYNOX

Lime-based lignosulfonate drilling fluid

Baroid

QUIKDRIL-N

Solids-free, modified biopolymer RDF

Baroid

RISER-VIS

Riserless fluid for deepwater applications

Baroid

SHALEDRIL

Water-based systems specifically for shale gas zones

Baroid

SHEARDRIL-N

Solids-free, optimized vis. RDF

X X

Baroid

SOLUDRIL-N

RDF containing sized salt

X X X

Baroid

STOP-FRAC

MLCM pelletized LCM pill

Baroid

SUPERSATURATED
RISER-VIS

Riserless fluid supersaturated with salt for deepwater


applications

Baroid

THERMA-DRIL

HPHT water-based drilling fluid system

X X

Baroid

THURO-FORCE OS

WBC high density displacement spacer for OBM/SBM

Baroid

THURO-FORCE W

WBC high density displacement spacer for WBM

Baroid

THURO-KLEAN OS

WBC spacer for removing OBM/SBM coating

Baroid

THURO-KLEAN W

WBC spacer for removing WBM coating

Description
of material

Anchor

ANCO-LCP

HPWBM drilling fluid system

Anchor

ANCO-MUL

Oil-based mud system

Anchor

ANCO POLY MUL

Clay-Free Oil-based mud system

Ava

AVA FLEXDRILL

Customized, high-performance inhibitive system

Ava

AVA K142

Potassium acetate system

Ava

AVA K157

Potassium formate system

Ava

AVA KLM

Ava

AVA LAO

Olefins-based system (LAO or IO)

Ava

AVA MMH

Mixed meta l hydroxide system for large diameter sections

Ava

AVABIODRILL

Inhibitive polymer-based system

X X

Ava

AVABIOSINT

Ester-based IE system for environmentally sensitive areas

Ava

AVACAT

Inhibitive system cationic polymers

X X

Ava

AVACLAYBLOCK

Inhibitive system

X X

Ava

AVACORE

100% base oil coring fluid

Ava

AVAFLUID

Lignosulfonate system

Ava

AVAFULFLOW

Non-damaging drill-in fluid

Ava

AVAGELTERM

Environmentally friendly system for HPHT (up to 230C)

Ava

AVAGLYCO

Cloud point glycol system

Ava

AVAHISALT

Inhibitive system for gas hydrate suppression

Ava

AVALIG/K

Potassium-based lignosulfonate system

Ava

AVAPAK

Potassium-based system

Ava

AVAPOLIVIS

PHPA system

X X

Ava

AVAPOLYOIL

Inhibitive system based on polyols

Ava

AVAPOLYSALT

System for salt saturated sections

Ava

AVAPOLYSIL

Silicate- and potassium-based system

Ava

AVAREX

Environmentally friendly system for HPHT (up to 230C)

Ava

AVASILIX

Silicate-based system

Ava

AVATRASFOAM

Stiff foam recycling system

Ava

AVOIL ULT

LT-IE oil-based system

X X
X
X

BHI

CARBO-DRILL

BHI

CLAY-TROL

BHI

DKD

BHI

LATIDRILL

BHI

MAGMA-TEQ

BHI

MAX-BRIDGE

BHI

MICRO-PRIME

High-efficiency wellbore cleaning spacers

BHI

MICRO-WASH

BHI

MPRESS

BHI

NEW-DRILL

Openhole remediation system


Diesel invert emulsion system with high shear thinning and
rapid set/easy break gel characteristics
WBM system using PHPA for encapsulation

BHI

NEXT-DRILL

BHI

OMNIFLOW DIF

BHI

PERFFLOW CM

BHI

PERFORMAX

Mineral oil /synthetic invert emulsion system with high shear


thinning and rapid set/ easy break gel characteristics
Emulsion drill in fluid
Custom mix of biopolymers and CaCO3 for specific reservoir X
conditions
HPWBM designed to emulate performance of emulsion
muds

BHI

PYRO-DRILL

WBM for HPHT and geothermal wells

BHI

RHEO-LOGIC

BHI

SSDKD

ACCOLADE

Low/no sag tendancy syn. blend invert emulsion fluid

Baroid

BARADRIL-MAG

RDF containing sized magnesium oxide

Baroid

BARADRIL-N

RDF containing sized calcium carbonate

Baroid

BARA-PERFLUID

Pill for over-balanced perforating

Baroid

BARASILC

Liquid silicate-based drilling fluid

Baroid

BAROID 100

All oil or all synthetic-based drilling fluid

Baroid

BITUMAX

Fluid specifically for drilling heavy oil producing formations

Baroid

BOREMAX

HPWB freshwater drilling fluid

Baroid

COREDRIL-N

All oil or synthetic RDF and coring fluid

X
X

AQUA-DRILL

Baroid

X X
X

BHI

UNICAL

X
X X

50/50 IE for environmentally sensitive areas

BHI

X X X

Cross-linking system for lost circulation


WBM system based on Cloud Point glycol chemistry for clay
inhibition and improved lubricity
Traditional invert emulsion system using diesel or mineral oil
WBM system using a polyamine to control clay hydration
and swelling
WBM designed to minimize logistics and control shallow
hazards when riserless drilling in deepwater
HPWBM designhed for the unconventionals
Diesel or mineral oil invert emulsion system for HPHT
applications
HPWBM for drilling extreme depleted zones
X

TERRA-MAX

AVOIL ULT 50

SYN-TEQ

X X X

DYNAPLUG

BHI

X X X
X

Ava

BHI

Ava

Constant rheology invert emulsion


WBM designed to minimize logistics and control shallow
hazards when riserless drilling in deep water
GOM-compliant invert emulsion system using C16C19 IO
High-performance water-based mud for onshore and inland
water applications
Conventional WBM system run with lignosulfonate as a
primary component

X X X X

X X

X X X

X X

X
X X
X
X X

X X

X X
X

X X X

X X X X X

X X

THURO-SCRUB OS

WBC blended spacer for removing OBM/SBM coating

THURO-SCRUB W

WBC alkaline spacer for removing WBM coating

X X X X X

Baroid

THURO-SWEEP M

WBC high viscosity displacement spacer

X X X X X X X

Baroid

THURO-THIN OS

WBC OBM/SBM thinning and dispersing spacer

Baroid

THURO-THIN W

WBC WBM thinning and dispersing spacer

X X X X X

Baroid

WELLSET

Systematic LCM treatment to prevent lost circulation

X X X X X X X

Baroid

XP-07

Linear alkane-based invert emulsion fluid

Drillchem

DRILL-SERGEANT

One sack HPWB system

X X X X X

Drillchem

DRILL-SGT

Shale and gumbo treatment

X X X X X

Drillchem

POLY-K PSD

Proprietary Inhibitive WBM

X X X X X

Ecofluids

ECO DRILL FLO

Formate viscoelastic system

Ecofluids

ECO DRILL HP

Formate high-performance system

Ecofluids

ECO FOAM

Nitrogenated foam system

Ecofluids

ECO HIB FLO

KCl viscoelastic system

Ecofluids

ECO HIB HP

KCl high-performance system

X X

Ecofluids

ECO HIB HT

HPHT water-based system

Ecofluids

ECO SWS

Salts-based system

Ecofluids

ECOMUL

Oil-based system

Ecofluids

ECOMUL 100

100% oil system

Ecofluids

ECOMUL SYN

Synthetic-based system

Ecofluids

ECOTHERM

HPHT water-based system

Ecofluids

KSUB

KCL substitute system

Ecofluids

SGF

Self generating foam system

Ecofluids

STRATADRILL

Amine-based system

GEO

POLYTEK

High Performance Water Base Mud Additive

GEO

PetroDrill

Oil Based Mud Systems

Messina

DRILL-N-PAY

Messina

X
X X

X X

X X X

X X

X X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X X

Family of drill-in fluids

X X X

KLEEN-COMPLETE

Non-damaging completion fluid system, CF

X X X

Messina

KLEEN-DRILL

Calcium carbonate-based drill-in fluid

X X X

Messina

KLEEN-MUL

Low toxicity and synthetic (SBM) invert system

Messina

KLEEN-SAL

Sized salt-based drill-in fluid

X X X

Messina

OILMUL

Diesel-based invert drilling system

Messina

POLYTHERM

Versatile, HT WBM drilling system

Messina

REDI-COAT

X X X
X X X

X
X X

Baroid

X X

X X

Baroid

X
X

Description
of material

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

World Oils

X X

Baroid

CRYSTAL-DRIL

Clear water drilling system

X X

Baroid

DRIL-N STIM

RDF containing additive to improve reservoir producibility

X X X

Baroid

ENCORE

Low/no sag tendency syn. invert emulsion fluid

Baroid

ENVIROMUL

Mineral oil-based invert emulsion fluid

Baroid

EZ-PLUG

MLCM acid-soluble fiber/particle blend pill

Baroid

FLEX-PLUG

Baroid

FUSE-IT

M-I SWACO BREAKDOWN

Highly inhibitive system for shale stabilization

X X

X
X
X

X X X

Enzyme/chelant-based breaker system

M-I SWACO BREAKFREE

Enzyme-based breaker system

M-I SWACO CLEANPERF OB

Oil-based perforating system

MLCM mud-activated polymer pill

M-I SWACO CLEANPERF WB

Water-based perforating system

X X X

MLCM polymeric sealant

M-I SWACO DIPRO

Biopolymer-free divalent brine RDF system with easy cleanup


Diverse mixed metal oxide, WB drilling / RDF fluid, ideal as
X
milling fluid, deepwater applications, CT

X X

X
X

M-I SWACO DRILPLEX

F98JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

X X

X X

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Water-based fluids

Available
from:
Systems

Description
of material

Newpark

OPTIPHASE

Salt-free oil-based system

NOV

DFX

Surfactant blend

Available
from:
Systems

Description
of material

M-I SWACO DRILPLEX AR PLUS

Enhanced mixed metal oxide-based drilling fluid

M-I SWACO DURATHERM

M-I SWACO FAZEPRO

Low-colloid, contaminant-resistant system for high-temp.


drilling
Chrome-free, environmentally advanced system for hightemp. drilling
Cloride-free OBM with advantages of a conventional invert
with lower disposal costs
Delayed invert emulsion-based breaker system for FAZEPRO
filter cakes
Chelant-based breaker system for dispersion of residual
filtercakes formed by FAZEPRO RDF system
Acid-based breaker system for FAZEPRO filter cakes
Delayed water-based breaker system for FAZEPRO filter
cakes
Reversible invert emulsion fluid, converts between oil and
water wet for filtercake and WBC

M-I SWACO FLODENSE AP

Fluid system for remediation of casing pressure

M-I SWACO FLOPRO CT

M-I SWACO GLYDRIL

Polymer water-based system specifically formulated for


coiled tubing operations
P;olymer carbonate reservoir drill-in fluid
Solids-free, polymer drill-in fluid, suited for CT driling
applications
Water-based RDF that incorporates organophilic filtercake
system
HP env. polyglycol system for shale control, ER deepwater
and subsalt drilling

M-I SWACO ISOTHERM

Oil-based insulated packer fluid

M-I SWACO KLA-SHIELD

Inhibitive dispersed WBM for land use

M-I SWACO K-MAG

M-I SWACO PARALAND

Potassium-based system for drilling troublesome shales


Single-emulsifier OBM-diesel base for ambient to HPHT
applications
Single-emulsifier paraffin-based fluid for ambient to HPHT
applications
Single-emulsifier mineral-based fluid for ambient to HPHT
applications
Low-viscosity, internal-olefin-based synthetic fluid for deepwater drilling and environmental regs
Ultra-low-viscosity, LAO-based synthetic fluid system suited
for deepwater drilling
Paraffin-based system engineered as an alternative to conventional or mineral oil-based systems
Paraffin-based drilling fluid designed for optimized landbased disposal of cuttings

M-I SWACO PARAPRO

Paraffin-based reservoir drill-in fluid

M-I SWACO PARATHERM

Paraffin-based high-temp., anti-sag drilling fluid

M-I SWACO PERF-N-PEEL

M-I SWACO RISERFAST

WBM fluid loss/damage control system for perforated


completions
Polymer-based, PHPA system for improved cuttings encapsu- X
lation and shale stabilization
Polymer water-based system for coiled tubing operations
X
designed to reduce CT pressures
Synthetic-based system for extreme to ultra HPHT applications
Flat-rheology synthetic fluid especially suited for deepwater
drilling and cold environments
Flat-rheology oil-based fluid especially suited for deepwater
drilling and cold environments
Flat-rheology mineral oil-based fluid especially suited for
deepwater drilling and cold environments
Flat-rheology paraffin-based fluid especially suited for deepwater drilling and cold environments
Flat-rheology, low gel strengths and low plastic viscosities
synthetic fluid especially suited for deepwater drilling and
cold environments
System for use in riserless sections of deepwater wells

M-I SWACO SAFE-LINK 110

Completion fluid pill built with 11.0 lb/gal CaCl2

M-I SWACO SAFE-LINK 140

Completion fluid built with 14.0 lb/gal CaBr2

M-I SWACO SAFETHERM

WB or water-miscible packer fluid customized for deepwater


and permafrost applications

M-I SWACO SAGDRIL

Tar-sands drilling fluid

X X

M-I SWACO ENVIROTHERM NT


M-I SWACO ENVIROVERT
M-I SWACO FAZE-AWAY
M-I SWACO FAZEBREAK
M-I SWACO FAZECLEAN
M-I SWACO FAZE-OUT

M-I SWACO FLOPRO NT


M-I SWACO FLOPRO SF
M-I SWACO FLOTHRU

M-I SWACO MEGADRIL


M-I SWACO MEGADRIL P
M-I SWACO MEGADRIL M
M-I SWACO NOVAPLUS
M-I SWACO NOVATEC
M-I SWACO PARADRIL

M-I SWACO POLY-PLUS


M-I SWACO POWERPRO
M-I SWACO RHADIANT
M-I SWACO RHELIANT
M-I SWACO RHELIANT D
M-I SWACO RHELIANT M
M-I SWACO RHELIANT P
M-I SWACO RHELIANT PLUS

X X
X
X

NOV

NOV OBM

Diesel oil-based mud

NOV

NOV SYN

Synthetic-based mud

Q'Max

Carbobridge

Clay Free Bridging Drilling Fluid

X
X

X X X X X
X
X

QMax

Carbobridge HT

High Temprature Clay Free Bridging Drilling Fluid

QMax

CBMax 100

Proprietary CBM drilling system

QMax

CBMax 200

Proprietary CBM drilling system

QMax

FiltraVis

Cost effective alternative to Gel Chem Mud

QMax

HybriDrill EDE

Encapsulating Direct Emulsion System for SAGD

QMax

HybriDrill ES

Encapsulating System for SAGD drilling

QMax

HybriDrill HTHD

High temperature high density fluid for infill drilling SAGD

QMax

HybriDrill HTLD

High temperature low density fluid for infill drilling SAGD

QMax

MAXDRILL

Inhibitive Polymer Drilling Fluid

QMax

Miconaire

Enhance foam / low density fluid

QMax

Polytar

Anti-accretion system designed for SAGD Drilling

QMax

Q'Core

Water Based System for coring

QMax

QM-12

Potassium Silicate drilling fluid

QMax

QM-P

Potassium silicate inhibitive drilling fluid

QMax

QM-S

Sodium silicate inhibitive drilling fluid

QMax

Q'MaxDrill

Amine-based inhibitive drilling fluid

QMax

Q'Vert 1400

Synthetic olefin based fluid

QMax

Q'Vert 1500

Synthetic olefin based fluid

QMax

Q'Vert 822

Low BTEX OBM

QMax

Q'Vert HT40

Low toxicity oil based fluid

QMax

Q'Temp

HTHP Water Based Fluid

QMax

Q'Temp X

HTHP Inhibitive Water Based Fluid

QMax

RapiDrill SG

HP WBM for Extended Reach Horizontal Wells in Shale Gas

Scomi

CONFI-DEEP

Flat rheology deepwater fluid

Scomi

CONFI-DENSE

HTHP invert emulsion

X X

Scomi

CONFI-DRILL

NAF invert emulsion

X X

Scomi

EXTRA-VERT

Ester based invert emulsion

Scomi

HYDRO-FOIL

Potassium/PHPA system

X X X

Scomi

HYDRO-FOIL GEN 1

Glycol WBM for shale stability

X X X

Scomi

HYDRO-FOIL S8

Silicate

X X X

Scomi

HYDRO-THERM

High temperature WBM

X X X

Scomi

HyPR-DRILL

HPWBM System

X X X

Scomi

HyPR-FOIL S8

Chloride free silicate WBM

X X

Scomi

OPTA-FLO

Polymer and CaCO3 drill-in fluid

X X X

Scomi

OPTA-VERT

NAF drill-in fluid

X X

Scomi

OPTA-VERT 100

NAF water free system

X X

Scomi

RHEO-PLEX

Mixed metal oxide system

Sun

DRILLCON C

Hydratable shale control

X X X X X

Sun

EZE-SLIDE

Liquid metal/metal lubricant

X X X X X

Sun

EZE-SLIDE D

Land use liquid lubricant

X X X X X

SUN SWEEP

Mech. hole cleaning agent

X X X X X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Fluid Systems

Recommended for
these systems
Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

World Oils

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X
X
X
x
x
X
X
X

X X

X X

M-I SWACO SEAL-N-PEEL

Fluid loss control pill, as contingency for fluid loss control


fluid to seal inside production screens

M-I SWACO SILDRIL

M-I SWACO ULTRADRIL

Silicate-based system for drilling water-sensitive shales


All oil-based system designed for low-density drilling
conditions
High-performance water-based drilling fluid

M-I SWACO VERSACLEAN

Mineral oil-based system for areas where diesel is prohibited

Sun

M-I SWACO VERSACLEAN MKII

Weatherford DuraFoam

Weatherford EnviroFoam

Completely biodegradable

M-I SWACO VERSA-OUT

Variant of VERSACLEAN system


Diesel oil-based system for wellbore stability, contamination
resistance and solids tolerance
Delayed water-based breaker system for VERSAPRO system

Weatherford KleanFoam

Water Based Recyclable Foams

M-I SWACO VERSAPRO

Invert emulstion reservoir drill-in fluid

Weatherford OleoFoam EF

For HF 100

M-I SWACO VERSAPRO LS

Low-solids invert emulsion reservoir drill-in fluid

Weatherford OleoFoam HT

Foamer for crude, diesel or synthetic

X X

M-I SWACO VERSATHERM

Mineral oil-based high-temp. anti-sag drilling fluid

Weatherford OleoFoam C

Foamer for condensate

M-I SWACO VERSAVERT

Ultra-low toxicity mineral oil-based drilling fluid system

M-I SWACO VERSA-WAY

Delayed invert emulsion breaker system for VERSAPRO system with greater delay and higher thermal stability

M-I SWACO WARP

Mineral oil-based system using WARP technology


WARP system currently used in GoM, but available for use
outside GoM
Paraffin-based system using WARP technology

M-I SWACO TRUDRIL

M-I SWACO VERSADRIL

M-I SWACO WARP 4200


M-I SWACO WARP PB

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X X
X

M-I SWACO WARP SB

Synthetic-based system using WARP technology

Newpark

CYBERDRILL

Synthetic-based system

Newpark

CYBERPHASE

Salt-free synthetic-based system

Newpark

DEEPDRILL

Highly inhibative HPWB system

Newpark

EVOLUTION

X X X X

FLEXDRILL

Clay-free, highly lubricious, HPWB system for fresh and salt


water applications including HPHT
Versatile HPWB system

Newpark

X X X X X

Newpark

GAGEDRILL

MMO system

Newpark

HIPERM DIF

Reservoir drill-in fluid

Newpark

OPTIDRILL

Invert emulsion system

X X X X X

X X X X
X

Water Based Recyclable Foams

Weatherford TransFoam

Water Based Recyclable Foams

Weatherford WEL-DRILL

Potassium/PHPA system

X X X

Weatherford WEL-DRILL CPG

Glycol WBM for shale stability

X X

Weatherford WEL-DRILL F

Formate-based systems

Weatherford WEL-DRILL HP

HPWB system

Weatherford WEL-DRILL MMO

Mixed metal oxide system

X X

Weatherford WEL-DRILL PLUS

High temp. WBM

X X X

Weatherford WEL-DRILL RDF

Polymer and CaCO3 drill-in fluid

X X X

Weatherford WEL-DRILL S

Silicate

X X

Weatherford WEL-VERT

NAF invert emulsion - synthetic-based

X X

Weatherford WEL-VERT D

NAF invert emulsion - diesel-based

X X

Weatherford WEL-VERT FR

Flat rheology NAF

X X

Weatherford WEL-VERT PLUS

HPHT invert emulsion

X X

Weatherford WEL-VERT RDF

NAF invert emulsion - RDF

X X

X X
X

X X X

World Oil/JUNE 2014F99

AES
AES

ENERNITE
ENERLUBE

Drilling detergent, concentrated "biodegradable"


Sized calcium carbonate
Co-polymer deflocculant
Elastomeric HPHT control additive
Polymeric Fluid loss for ENERREACH system
(oil, synthetic based)
Fluid loss additive for invert systems
Liquid lubricant for water, salt based mud
systems
Polymeric Viscosifier for ENERREACH system
(oil, synthetic based)
Emulsifier for ENERREACH (oil, synthetic
based)
Emulsifier (secondary) for ENERREACH (oil,
synthetic based)
Oil mud dispersant for ENERREACH (oil,
synthetic based)
Superior rheology modifier for ENERREACH
(oil, synthetic based)
Wetting agent for ENERREACH (oil, synthetic
based)
Polycellulose fluid loss additive, regular
Polycellulose fluid loss additive, low viscosity
Premium Grade Xanthan Gum viscosifier
Resilient Synthetic Graphite

ENERMOD ER
ENERMUL

AES

ENERMUL II

AES

ENER SPERSE

AES

ENER VIS RM

AES

ENERWET

AES
AES
AES
AES

ENERPAC REGULAR
ENERPAC LO VIS
ENER ZAN
ENER-G

AES
AES
AES
AES
AES

ENER BLACK
ENERPLUS
EXP 413
FLR PLUS
GXM

AES

GXM PLUS

AES
AES
AES
AES

MULTIFIBER
PERMASEAL
POLYPRO G
PURE CHECK

AES
AES

PUREBASE
PUREMUL

AES
AES
AES
AES

PURESTAR
PURETHIN
PUREVIS
PUREWET

AES
AES
AES
AES
AES
AES
AES
AES
AkzoNobel

PX CHEK
PXL BLUE
SEAL ALL
SHALETEX G
SHALETEX II
SILVERSEAL
TRU VIS
X OUT
GABROIL HV

GABROSA EHV TECH


GABROSA HV TECH
GABROSA LV TECH
STAFLO EXLO
STAFLO REGULAR
ALL ANTIFOAM
ALL CASE
ALL CMS
ALL DEFOAM
ALL DRILL FW
ALL DRILL P
ALL FA HIB 30
ALL FLOC
ALL FOAM 475B
ALL IDB 60
ALL LIQUA THIN
ALL LUBE
ALL PAC
ALL POLY LUBE
ALL SEAL
ALL SHALE HIB
ALL SURFAK S
ALL TROL
BLACK FURY
CELL-U-SEAL
CLEAN SPOT
DRILL BEADS
FORM-A-SET
FORM-A-SQUEEZE
PA-10
QUICK SLIDE
RAPID SWEEP
SACK BLACK
TRACER BEADS

Liquid Gilsonite
Liquid PHPA
Cross linked LCM
HPHT additive for invert systems to 400F
Engineered aspect ratio graphite used as a
mechanical lubricant
High performance crystalline graphite
designed for mechanical lubrication.
Cellulosic fiber
Mineral fiber
Polyglycol shale inhibitor
HPHT additive for EPA compliant synthetic fluid
EPA compliant synthetic-based fluid
EPA compliant synthetic fluid primary
emulsifier
Salt free synthetic mud system
EPA compliant synthetic fluid dispersant
EPA compliant synthetic fluid viscosifier
EPA compliant synthetic fluid oil wetting agent
Carboxymethyl starch
Non-ionic polyacrylamide
A blend of coarse lost circulation materials
Treated gilsonite
Sulfonated asphalt
Sized LCM blend
Synthetic mud viscosifier
CO2 suppressant
Polyanionic cellulose, tech grade, high
viscosity
Polyanionic cellulose, tech grade, low
viscosity
Polyanionic cellulose (PAC), tech grade, high
viscosity, DS > 1
Polyanionic cellulose (PAC), tech grade, low
viscosity, DS > 1
Carboxymethyl cellulose (API 13A)
Carboxymethyl cellulose (non-API)
Carboxymethyl cellulose (API 13A)
Polyanionic cellulose (PAC), pure grade
Polyanionic cellulose (PAC), pure grade
Anti-foamer
Sized LCM
Modified polymer
Defoamer
Polymer viscosifier
Polymer viscosifier
Corrision inhibitor
Cationic flocculant
Brine foamer
Biocide
Low MW polymer thinner
water-soluble ester
Polyanionic cellulose
Mineral oil
Cellulose particles
Shale inhibitor
Surfactant
Water dispensible gilsonite
Liquid dispersed gilsonite
Cellulose fiber
Environmentally safe spotting fluid
Copolymer plastic beads
Cross link polymer squeeze pill
High fluid loss squeeze pill
Lubricant ROP enhancer
Lubricant bead suspension
Polymer stick
Coupled gilsonite
Macro-pourous translucent beads

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

AkzoNobel GABROIL LV
AkzoNobel GABROIL PAC HIVIS
AkzoNobel GABROIL PAC LOVIS
AkzoNobel
AkzoNobel
AkzoNobel
AkzoNobel
AkzoNobel
Alliance
Alliance
Alliance
Alliance
Alliance
Alliance
Alliance
Alliance
Alliance
Alliance
Alliance
Alliance
Alliance
Alliance
Alliance
Alliance
Alliance
Alliance
Alpine
Alpine
Alpine
Alpine
Alpine
Alpine
Alpine
Alpine
Alpine
Alpine
Alpine

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

X X X

LU

X
X

X X X
X X X

X X X
X
X X

LO
TH
FR

X X

FR

X X

FR

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

FR

Am. Gil.

LO

LO

X LU
X X

X X

X X

X X

TH

X X

X X

SU

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X X X
X
X
X X X
X X

FR SH
FR SH
V
LO LU
SH LU
SH WBC
LO
FR LO

X X X

X X X

LU

FR

X X X

X X X

LU

FR

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X X X
X X X
X

LO
LO
SH

FR
LU

FL

SH

SB

FR

X
X
X

SB
TH
V

E
SH

SU

FR
FL
LO
SH
SH
LO
V
X CO

SH
SH

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X X
X
X
X X
X
X X X

X X X

FR

SH

X X X

FR

SH

LU

X X X

FR

SH

X X X

FR

SH

LU

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

FR

X
X
X
X
X
X

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

F100JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

X X X

FR
FR
FR
FR
TH

X
FR
V
X
FR
V
X
FR SH
X
X FR SH
X
X FR
V
X
D
X X X
LO LU
X
FR
X
D
V RDF
X
V
X
CO
X
FL
X FO
X
B
X
TH
X
LU CO
X
V
FR
X
LU
X
LO FR
X
SH SU
X
SH SU
X X X
SH HS
X
X SH HPHT
X X X X LO
X
X P
LU
X X X X LU
X X X X MLCM
X X X X MLCM LO
X
X LU SH
X
X LU HPHT
X
X WBM
X X X X SH HPHT
X
X WBM

SH
SH
LU
LU
SH

WBC

FR
LU
HPWB

WBM
WBM
TE

Am. Gil.

GilSONITE DG-P
GILSONITE GM-P

Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor

ANCO BAR
ANCO BX
ANCO CI-300A
ANCO COAT WS

Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor

ANCO DD
ANCO DEFOAM A
ANCO DEFOAM S
ANCO DF-150
ANCO DF-450
ANCO DMS
ANCO DRILL A
ANCO DRILL N

Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor

ANCO FIBER
ANCO GEL
ANCO GEL HT
ANCO GEL PREMIUM
ANCO K 59
ANCO LIG
ANCO LW 200

Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor
Anchor

ANCO MICRO-BLEND
ANCO MUL FA
ANCO MUL OW
ANCO MUL P
ANCO MUL S
ANCO MUL T
ANCO MUL VIS
ANCO MUL VIS HT
ANCO MUL VIS P
ANCO PAC LV
ANCO PAC R
ANCO PHALT
ANCO PHALT S
ANCO PHPA
ANCO PINE FIBER
ANCO PIPE FREE
ANCO QWIK LUBE
ANCO ROPE
ANCO SACK SPOT
ANCO SALT GEL
ANCO SCAV 100
ANCO SORB
ANCO SPERSE
ANCO SPERSE CF
ANCO STARCH W
ANCO THIN HTL
ANCO THIN L
ANCO TORKBUSTER
PLUS
ANCO TROL
ANCO WASH
ANCO WT-10
ANCO ZAN
FOAM TREAT

Aqua-Clear
Aqua-Clear
Aqua-Clear
ASAP
ASAP
ASAP
ASAP
ASAP
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness

AIRFOAM AP-50
AIRFOAM B
AIRFOAM HD
ASAP -R- VIS
ASAP- R- STARCH
ASAP- R-WHITE
ASAP- R- LUBE
ASAP- R- BUFFER
AQUAMUL 854
AQUET 943C
AQUET TD500K
ARDRIL CLA-BAN
ARKLEAR 4043X
ARLOX HS700
ARLOX HS82112E
CRO80671
CRW-132
CRW80669
DFW80521
DRILLAID 100
DRILLAID 101
DRILLAID 103
DRILLAID 104
DRILLAID 105
DRILLAID 106
DRILLAID 108
DRILLAID 201
DRILLAID 2903

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

Description
of material
Water-dispersible, environmentally safe shale
control agent, microtox passed
Natural, environmentally safe filtration control
agent for non-aqueous fluids
Barite
Bentonite extender
Alkyl phosphate with scale inhibitor
water-soluble filming amine corrosion
inhibitor
Drilling detergent
Alcohol-based defoamer
Silicone-based defoamer
Foaming agent-fresh water
Foaming agent-fresh water or brine
Drilling mud surfactant
Liquid PHPA shale stabilizer/viscosifier
Low-viscosity PHPA shale stabilizer/
viscosifier
Fibrous cellulose bridging material
API-grade bentonite
Sepiolite clay
Wyoming bentonite (untreated)
Potassium acetate
Lignite
Polymer surfactant blend for mud weight
reduction
Blend of micronized fibers bridging material
Asphaltic filtration control agent
Oil wetting agent/emulsifier
Primary emulsifier
Secondary emulsifier/oil wetter
Thinner/degellant
Organophilic bentonite clay
Organophilic hectorite clay
Sulfonated polystyrene
Pure PAC, low viscosity
Pure PAC, regular grade
Asphaltic stabilizer
Sulfonated residuum shale stabilizer
Dry PHPA shale stabilizer/viscosifier
Sized wood fiber
Emulsifier blend pipe-freeing agent
Polyglycol blended lubricant
Rate of penetration enhancer
Oil-based spotting fluid concentrate
Attapulgite clay
Stabilized liquid oxygen scavenger
Polymeric lost circulation material
Chrome lignosulfonate
Chrome-free lignosulfonate
Pre-gelatinized white starch
Liquid high temp. stable, polymeric thinner
Liquid polymeric thinner
Ester-based lubricant for water-bsaed mud
Gilsonite fluid loss control agent
Surfactant blend for rig cleaning
Bactericide
Xanthan gum polymer
Surface-active shale stabilizer for air, mist
and foam
Freshwater, mild saltwater foaming agent
Saltwater foaming agent
Oil foaming agent
Solid Free Viscosifier
Modified Starch
Sized Ground Marble
Non Damaging Lubricant
pH Buffering Agent
Emuslifier and wetting agent
Amphoteric foaming agent
Anionic foaming agent
Cationic Polyamine Shale Stabilizer
Cationic polyamine shale stabilizer
Hydrogen sulphide scavenger
Hydrogen sulphide scavenger
Filming amine corrosion inhibitor
Packer fluid corrosion inhibitor
Corrosion inhibitor
Defoamer
Defoamer
Lubricant for water-based mud
Spotting fluid additive
Spotting fluid additive
Lubricant for water-based mud
Brine lubricant
Drilling fluid detergent
Completion brine non-emulsifier
High temp. emulsifier

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

SH

FR

LU

X X

FR

SH

LU

X X X

W
V
X CO

FL

X
X
X

X X
X X
X X X

X X X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X

X SU
D
D
X FO
X FO
SU
X SH

X X

SH

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X X
X

LO
V
V
V
SH
TH

X X

X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X CO

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

FO

TE
V

FR
FR
TE
FR
TE
FR

FL

FR

FO
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X

X X LO
X
FR
X
E
E
E
TH
X
V
X
V
X
V
X FR
X FR
X
SH
SH
SH
X
LO
X X X
P
X
LU
SU
X X X
P
X
V
X
X CO
X
LO
TH
X
TH
X
FR
X
TH
X
TH
X
X X
X X

X
X

Secondary

CALCARB MIX
DEFLOC 2000
DURATEC
DURATEC ER

Available Product
from:
tradename

Secondary

BLUE MAX

AES
AES
AES
AES

Secondary

AES

Secondary

Description
of material

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Fluids 2014
AES

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Available Product
from:
tradename

AES

Product
Function

Primary

Recommended for
these systems

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

World Oils

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

FR
SH
SU

LU

FR

SH
V
LU
LU
V

SH
TE
TE
LU

FR
FR
FR
FR

TE

LU

SH

FR
SU
B
X V

TE

FR

X SH

FO

SU

V
FR
LO
LU
A
FR

SU

X FO
X FO
X FO
RDF
RDF
RDF
RDF
RDF
X
E
X FO
X FO
X SH
X SH
CO
CO
X CO
X CO
CO
D
D
LU
X
P
X
P
LU
LU
X X X SU
SU
X
E

LO

FL
FL
CF

CF
CF

CF
CF
CF
FR

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

TE

Your systems are smarter


than ever. How about your steel?
Were not just making steel. Were making
it smarter. Every day, you push the limits of
whats possible digging deeper, moving
faster and reaching further than ever
before. We know. Were pushing those
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we believe every solution starts with,
Yes. Its possible.

timkensteel.com

Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland
Ava
Ava

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

DRILLAID 600
Rheology modifier
DRILLAID 701
Concentrated dispersant
DRILLAID 900
Fluid loss control additive
KD-40
Corrosion inhibitor
KD-700
Corrosion Inhibitor
KD-740
Corrosion inhibitor
MAGNACIDE 575
Biocide
MAGNACIDE 575S
Biocide
OSW80490
Oxygen scavenger
PETROSWEET HSW700 Hydrogen Sulphide Scavenger
PETROSWEET
Hydrogen Sulphide Scavenger
HSW82112
SCW83263
Completion brine scale inhibitor
TD-500K
Anionic Foaming Agent
X-CIDE 102
Aldehyde-based biocide
X-CIDE 102W
Winterized aldehyde-based biocide
X-CIDE 207
Solid biocide
XC-80102
Aldehyde Based Biocide
XC-80207
Solid Biocide
AQUAFLO HV
High viscosity standard polyanionic cellulose
AQUAFLO LV
Low viscosity standard polyanionic cellulose
AQUALON AQU D-3536PLow MW anionic cellulosic polymer
AQUALON AQU D-4022 Thermally stable thickener for potassium
formate brines
AQUALON AQU D-4423 High solids, low MW anionic cellulosic
suspension
AQUALON AQU D-4754 High viscosity dispersible polyanionic
cellulose
AQUAPAC LIQUID
Eco-friendly anhydrous suspension Aquapac
polyanionic cellulose
AQUAPAC LV
Low viscosity premium polyanionic cellulose
AQUAPAC REGULAR
High viscosity premium polyanionic cellulose
AQUAPAC ULV
Ultra-low viscosity premium polyanionic
cellulose
ECODURA CRA 3536 High solids, low Mw anionic cellulosic
solution
ECODURA FLA 3962
PLONOR aqueous suspension of Natrosol
250 LR
ECODURA FLA 3962P PLONOR suspendable powders of Natrosol
250 LR
ECODURA FLA 4053
PLONOR aqueous suspension of Natrosol
250 JR
ECODURA FLA 4451
PLONOR aqueous suspension of Natrosol
250LR
ECODURA FLA 4641
PLONOR aqueous suspension of Natrosol
180GXR
ECODURA TA 4283
PLONOR aqueous suspension of Natrosol
210 HHX
GALACTASOL 251
High viscosity straight guar
GALACTASOL 252
Straight guar
GALACTASOL 267
Diesel slurriable guar
GALACTASOL 271
Self-hydrating dispersible straight guar
GALACTASOL 283
Fast hydrating high viscosity guar
GALACTASOL 284
Diesel slurriable fast hydrating high viscosity guar
GALACTASOL 467
Diesel slurriable hydroxypropyl guar
GALACTASOL 474
High viscosity hydroxypropyl guar
GALACTASOL 476
Buffered high viscosity hydroxypropyl guar
GALACTASOL 477
Self hydrating dispersible hydroxypropyl guar
GALACTASOL 638
Fast hydrating high viscosity carboxymethyl
hydroxypropyl guar
GALACTASOL 650
Carboxymethyl hydroxypropyl guar
GALACTASOL 651
Carboxymethyl hydroxypropyl guar
GALACTASOL 653
Diesel slurriable carboxymethyl hydroxypropyl guar
KLUCEL H OIL
Suspension agent for solvent-based systems
NATROSOL 180 GXR
Low viscosity hydroxyethyl cellulose
NATROSOL 210 HHX
Ultra-high viscosity and fast hydrating
hydroxyethyl cellulose
NATROSOL 250 EXR
Low viscosity hydroxyethyl cellulose
NATROSOL 250 GXR
Low viscosity hydroxyethyl cellulose
NATROSOL 250 HHR-P Ultra-high viscosity hydroxyethyl cellulose
NATROSOL 250 JR
Low viscosity hydroxyethyl cellulose
NATROSOL 250 LR
Low viscosity hydroxyethyl cellulose
NATROSOL HI-VIS
Ultra-high viscosity hydroxyethyl cellulose
NATROSOL LIQUID
Eco-friendly anhydrous suspension of NatroHHR-P
sol 250 HHR-P
NATROSOL LIQUID HHX Eco-friendly anhydrous suspension of
Natrosol 210 HHX
NATROSOL LIQUID MR Eco-friendly anhydrous suspension of
Natrosol HI-VIS
XXTRADURA DFA 3767 Dry synthetic high temperature fluid loss
additive for drilling fluids
XXTRADURA FLA 3766 Liquid universal fluid loss additive - anionic
synthetic copolymer
XXTRADURA FLA 3767 Dry universal fluid loss additive - anionic
synthetic copolymer
XXTRADURA GMA 4176 Liquid synthetic gas migration control
additive
XXTRADURA GMA
Liquid synthetic gas migration control
4176HD
additive
XXTRADURA GMA
Dry synthetic gas migration control additive
4176HDP
XXTRADURA GMA
Dry synthetic gas migration control additive
4176P
AVA AS-1
Scale inhibitor
AVA BRIDGEPAK C/M Blend of granular and fibrous bridging agents

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X X
X X
X X

TE

Ava
Ava
Ava

AVA DEFOAM
AVA EXTRADRILL
AVA FASTDRILL

Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava

AVA K142
AVA LST-MD
AVA MB-HS38
AVA PHPAGUNK
AVA QUICKDRILL
AVA X-PRIMA
AVABENTOIL ECT
AVABENTOIL HY
AVABENTOIL RM
AVABENTOIL SA
AVABEX
AVABIOBENT

Ava

AVABIOCARB

Ava
Ava
Ava

AVABIOFIL
AVABIOFIL HT
AVABIOIL

Ava
Ava

AVABIOLUBE
AVABIOMOD

Alcohol-based defoamer
Organic compounds for shale inhibition
Blend of organic/inorganic compounds for
shale inhibition
Potassium acetate brine
Liquid sulfonate asphalt
Microbubbles of borosilicate glass
PHPA powder
Blend of natural compounds
Lost circulation squeeze
Organophilic hectorite
High-yield organophilic bentonite
High-yield organophilic bentonite
Low-yield suspending agent
Bentonite extender
Low-yield suspending agent for AVALAO
system
Organic compounds and potassium
carbonate
Lignite polymer for fluid loss control
Synthetic polymer for fluid loss control
AVALAO linear and polyalphaolefinesbased oil
Natural polymer shale stabilizer
Rheology modifier for AVALAO system

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

CO

CF

CF

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

CO
X FO
X B
X B
X B
X B
X B
X FR
X FR
TH

V
SH
FR

SH
LU
SH
CF
SH
SH
SH

X X X

RDF

LU

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

CF

TH

FR

SH

X X

X FR

LU

X FR

SH

X
X

X
X

X X
X X

X FR
X FR

SH
V

SH
SH

X FR

SH

SH

TH

FR

SH

X X

X FR

RDF

SH

X X

X FR

RDF

CF

X X

X FR

RDF WBM

X X

X FR

RDF WBM

X X

X FR

RDF WBM

X X

FR WBM

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

V
V
V
V
V

FR WBM
FR WBM
FR WBM
FR CF
FR CF

X X

FR

CF

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

V
V
V
V

FR
FR
FR
FR

SH
SH
SH
SH

FR

X
X

X
X

V
V

FR
FR

SH
SH

FR

SH

V
X FR

RDF

SH
SH

X
X
X
X

X X
X X

X X

X X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

CF

SH

FR
FR
V
FR
FR
V

RDF
RDF
CF
RDF
RDF
CF

SH
SH
LU
LU
LU
SH

X
X
X
X
X
X

X X

CF

SH

X X

CF

SH

X X

CF

SH

X X

X FR HPHT SH

X X

X FR HPHT SH

X X

X FR HPHT SH

X X

X FR HPHT

X X

X FR HPHT

X X

X FR HPHT

X X

X FR HPHT

X X X

X CA
MLCM

CF

Ava

AVABIOPRI

Ava

AVABIOSEC

Ava
Ava

AVABIOTHIN
AVABIOVIS

Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava

AVABIOWET
AVABUFFER
AVACARB ME
AVACELL LQD
AVACID 50
AVACID F/25
AVACLAYBLOCK
AVACLAYBLOCK ACT
AVADEFOAM

Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava

AVADEG 327
AVADES 100
AVADETER
AVAENION
AVAEXTEMP
AVAFLUID G71
AVAFLUID NP
AVAFOAM S1
AVAFOAM S2
AVAFREE 2
AVA-FS
AVAFULFLOW

Ava

AVAFULFLOW/UB

Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava

AVAGEL HY
AVAGEL PLUS
AVAGILS
AVAGLYCO
AVAGLYCO HC
AVAGLYCO II
AVAGLYCO LC
AVAGRAPH
AVAGRAPH SEAL
AVAGREENLUBE
AVAGREENLUBE SIL

Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava

AVAGUM
AVAK157
AVALIG
AVALIG C
AVALIG K
AVALIG NE
AVALTD 2000
AVAPERM
AVAPOLY A
AVAPOLY HT
AVAPOLY PGL
AVAPOLYMER 5050
AVAPOLYOIL
AVAPOLYPAK LV
AVAPOLYPAK RG
AVAPOLYSIL

Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava

AVAPOLYTEMP
AVAREX
AVASHALESTOP
AVASHALESTOP ACT
AVASIL

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

AVALAO primary emulsifier for low oil cutting retentions


AVALAO secondary emulsifier for low oil
cutting retentions
Thinner for AVALAO system
High-yield suspending agent for AVALAO
system
Wetting agent for AVALAO system
Alkaline buffer
Metamorphic calcium carbonate
Liquid hydroxyl ethyl cellulose
Liquid biocide
Liquid biocide
Organic compound for shale inhibition
Inorganic compounds for shale inhibition
Liquid defoamer based on alcoholic
components
Multifunctional surfactant
Hydrogen sulphide scavenger
Mud detergent
Non-ionic emulsifier
Liquid temp. extender
Modified Fe-Cr lignosulfonate
Chrome-free lignosulfonate
Foamer for AVATRASFOAM system
Salt-resistant foaming agent
No oil-free pipe and cake removal agent
Bituminus/bentonite fluid loss additive
Blend of polymers and sized calcium
carbonate
Polymers, sized calcium carbonate and glass
microspheres
High-yield bentonite
Wyoming bentonite
Water-dispersible gilsonite
Glycol-based lubricity aid
High-Cloud point glycol
High-Cloud point glycol
Low-Cloud point glycol
Natural graphite
Natural graphite
Ester-based vegetable LU
Ester-based LU for silicate and potassium mud
Modified guar gum
Potassium formate brine
Modified chrome lignite
Modified causticised lignite
Modified potassium lignite
Humalite
Dispersant for lime muds and KLM system
Amine-based shale stabilizer
Polymer compound
Polymer compound
Polyglycerol
Powdered shale inhibitor
Shale stabilizer
Potassium PAC regular
Potassium PAC low viscosity
Organic compound and potassium salts
shale inhibitor
Pure grade filtrate reducer for Avafulflow
Modified polymer for extreme high temp.
Organic compound for shale inhibition
Inorganic compounds for shale inhibition
Silicone-based defoamer

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X

X
X

D
SH

FR

X X

SH

FR

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

SH
SH
W
MLCM
SH
X
MLCM
X X
V
X X
V
X X
V
X
V
X
X V

X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X X X
X

X X

X X X

FR

FR

E
E

SU
SU

SB
X SH
V
E

FR

FR

X X

TH

FR

X X

FR

SU
A
X X X
W
X
X V
B
B
X
SH
X
SH

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X
X X
X X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X X X
X X

SU
CO
X SU
X E
TE
TH
TH
X FO
X FO
X
X P
X X
FR

TE

X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

TE
LU

X X

X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

FR
SU
HPHT

FR
FR

X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

FR
FR
FR
FR

X X
X

W
FR
RDF HPHT
SH HPHT

X SH
X X
X X

Secondary

Description
of material

Secondary

Secondary

Available Product
from:
tradename

V
TH
FR
X CO
X CO
X CO
B
B
CO
CO

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

F102JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Description
of material

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Secondary

Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness
Aquaness

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Fluids 2014
Available Product
from:
tradename

Product
Function

Primary

Recommended for
these systems

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

World Oils

LO
CF

FR
FR

X
X
X

HPHT
LU HPHT
SU
FR
FR
E
E
SH
SH

RDF
RDF

FR

LU

FR

HS

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

V HPWB HS
V HPWB HS
SH FR HS
X
X SH LU
X
SH LU
X
X SH LU FR
X
SH LU
X X X
LU LO
X X X
LO LU CF
X
X LU SH HPHT

X X X

X LU

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X X
X
X
X
X X

X
X
X

FR HPHT

V
HPHT
W SH HPHT
TH FR CA
TH FR
TH FR
W SH
TH FR LU
SH
FL
HPWB
FR HPHT FR
SH HS
SH FR LU
X SH LU SH
X V
SH SH
X FR SH

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

SH

FR

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X X
X
X
X X

X
X
X
X

FR
X TE
SH
SH
X D

TE
FR
FR
FR

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

X
X
X
X
X

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

Base product for AVASILIX system


Base product for AVASILIX system
AVASINTOIL system ester-based biodegradable oil
AVASINTOIL FC
Fluid loss control agent for AVASINTOIL
system
AVASINTOIL PE
AVASINTOIL system primary emulsifier
AVASINTOIL SE
AVASINTOIL system secondary emulsifier
AVASINTOIL TN
Thinner for AVASINTOIL system
AVASINTOIL VS
High-yield suspending agent for AVASINTOIL
system
AVASINTOIL WA
Wetting agent for AVASINTOIL system
AVASTAT 350
Antistatic agent for section milling
AVATEMPEX
Temp. extender
AVATENSIO
Free-pipe agent
AVATENSIO LT
Low-toxicity pipe-freeing agent
AVATEX
Sodium sulfonate asphalt
AVATHIN
Acrylic acid graphed lignosulfonate
AVATRACER
Potassium iodide tracer
AVATRASFOAM
Foamer for AVATRASFOAM system
AVAVIS-MMH
Polymer for MMH system
AVAWASH 500
Cake removal agent
AVAWASH OBM
Casing cleaner for oil-based mud
AVAWASH OBM/LT
Casing cleaner for low-toxicity oil-based mud
AVAWASH WBM
Casing cleaner for water-based mud
AVAZR 5000
Chrome-free HPHT thinner
AVOIL FC
Lignite-based fluid loss reducer
AVOIL FR/HT
Asphalt-based fluid loss reducer
AVOIL FR/ND
Non damaging liquid polymeric fluid loss
reducer
AVOIL PE
Primary emulsifier
AVOIL PE/LT
Primary emulsifier
AVOIL SE
Secondary emulsifier
AVOIL SE/LT
Secondary emulsifier
AVOIL TN
OBM thinner
AVOIL TN/LT
Low-toxicity OBM thinner
AVOIL VS
Rheology modifier
AVOIL VS/LT
Rheology modifier
AVOIL WA
Wetting agent
AVOIL WA/LT
Wetting agent
DE BLOCK S/LT
Low-toxicity weighted mud-free P
DE BLOCK S/WB
Water-based P
DEOXI SS
Oxygen remover
DEOXY DEHA
Oxygen remover
DOLSAL
Sepiolite clay
DOLSAL B
Attapulgite clay
DYNA RETARDER
Retarder for DYNAPLUG
DYNAPLUG
Fibers, polymers and cross-linker
ECOL LUBE
Biodegradable LU
ECOL LUBE HT
LU for geothermal wells
ECOL LUBE SIL
LU for silicate and potassium mud
ECOLUBE LG
Non-toxic lubricant
GRANULAR F/M/C
LCM-based on vegetable shell, F,M,C
INCORR
Water-dispersible CO
INCORR 2275
Amine-free CO and scale inhibitor
INCORR AC
CO in acid environment
INCORR AC/HT
CO in HT acid environment
INCORR HT
Water-dispersible HT CO
INCORR OS
Oil soluble CO
INTAFLOW
Acid soluble marble flour
INTASOL 10
Specially-ground calcium carbonate
INTASOL 5
Specially-ground calcium carbonate
INTASOL C4000
Specially-ground calcium carbonate
INTASOL F/M/C
Specially-ground calcium carbonate, F,M,C
INTASOL FLAKE F/M/C Specially sized flake calcium carbonate
INTASOL ME F/M/C
Metamorphic calcium carbonate, F,M,C
POLICELL RG
Technical grade PAC regular
POLICELL SL
Technical grade PAC low vis
POLIFLUID
Synthetic chrome-free TH
POLIVIS
Modified liquid PHPA
POLIVIS PWD
Encapsulated polymer (powder)
SAND SEAL F/C
Sealing agent for pay zone LO, fine, coarse
STEARALL LQD
Defoamer compound for dispersed muds
TCS 30
Non ionic drilling mud surfactant
VICTOMOD
High temp. modified starch
VICTOSAL
Modified resistant starch
VICTOSAL MMH
Modified resistant starch for MMH system
VISCO 83
Pure PAC regular
VISCO 83 EHV
Pure PAC extreme high viscosity
VISCO 83 LQD
Liquid polyanionic polymer
VISCO 83 SL
Pure PAC super low
VISCO 83 XLV
Pure PAC extreme low
VISCO ACT
Biopolymer
VISCO DIF
Blend of biopolymer for DIF
VISCO EXHV3000
Extremely high viscosifiers for spud mud
VISCO WEL
High temp. low-end viscosifier
VISCO X
Biopolymer
VISCO XC
Biopolymer
VISCO XC84
Pure xanthan gum polymer

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X
X X
X X
X X
X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X X X

X
X

FR

X
X
X

E
E
TH

X
X
X
X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

FR

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

E
FR TE
E
FR TE
E
FR SU
E
FR SU
TH FR
TH FR
V
E
V
E
SU
E
SU
E
P
P
CO CF TE
CO CF TE
V
V
TE
LO WBC
LO WBC
LU FR
LU FR
LU FR CF
LU SH
LO
HPHT
CO CF CF
CO CA
CO CF
CO CF
CO HPHT
CO
LO RDF
LO RDF
LO RDF
LO RDF SH
LO RDF
LO RDF FR
LO RDF HPHT
V
FR HPHT
FR SH
TH TE
SH
V
TE
SH
V
LO FR
D
SU LU SH
FR
SH
FR
SH
FR SH
V
FR
V
FR RDF
V
FR RDF
FR SH
FR SH
V
SH
V
FR
V
SH
V
V
SH SH
V
SH
V
SH

X
X

X X X
X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

SU

TE

Available Product
from:
tradename

Description
of material

Ava
Ava
Ava
Ava
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid

VISCO XCD
VISCOMED
VISCOPLUS
VISCOTRON
ACCOLADE BASE
ADAPTA
AK-70
AKTAFLO S
ALDACIDE G
AQUAGEL
AQUAGEL GOLD SEAL
AQUA-LATE

Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid

AQUATONE-S
ATC
BARABLOK
BARABLOK 400
BARABRINE DEFOAM
BARABRINE SI
BARABUF
BARACARB

Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid

BARACARB-DF
BARACAT
BARACOR 100
BARACOR 450

Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid

BARACOR 700
BARACOR 700E
BARACOR 95
BARACTIVE
BARA-DEFOAM 1
BARA-DEFOAM HP
BARA-DEFOAM W300
BARAFILM
BARAFLAKE
BARAFLOC
BARAFOS
BARAKLEAN
BARAKLEAN DUAL

Baroid
Baroid

BARAKLEAN FL
BARAKLEAN FL PLUS

Pure disperable xanthan gum polymer


Medium viscosity pure PAC
Low-viscosity pure PAC
High temp. viscosifer for water-based mud
Synthetic olefin/ester blend-based fluid
Copolymer for non-aqueous fluids
Asphaltic blend
Non-ionic surfactant
Glutaraldehyde solution
Wyoming bentonite
Untreated Wyoming bentonite
Non-aqueous spacer for water activated
products
Non-ionic surfactant
Modified fatty acid ester
Powdered hydrocarbon resin
High temp., powdered hydrocarbon resin
Brine defoamer
Scale inhibitor for clear brines
pH buffer
Sized calcium carbonate-5, 25, 50,150,
600, 1200
Sized calcium carbonate-5, 25, 50,150, 600
Cationic polymer solution
Corrosion inhibitor
High temp. corrosion inhibitor for highdensity brines
Corrosion/scale inhibitor
Corrosion/scale inhibitor
Corrosion inhibitor
Polar activator
Defoamer
Defoamer
Defoamer
Filming amine
Flake calcium carbonate
Flocculant
Sodium polyphosphate compound
Cleaning, degreaser compound
Surfactant/solvent blend for displacement
spacers
Surfactant blend for displacement spacers
Concentrated surfactant blend for displacement spacers
Concentrated surfactant blend for displacement spacers
Concentrated surfactant blend for displacement spacers
Sized magnesium oxide
Modified lignin polymer
Oil-soluble polymer
Sized salt-20, 50, 6/300
Oil viscosifier
Powdered oxygen scavenger
Liquid oxygen scavenger
Surfactant for wellbore cleanup
Cellulosic filtration aid
Organic mud thinner
Non-ionic hydroxyethyl cellulose polymer
Iron carbonate powder
Xanthan gum
Dispersion-enhanced xanthan gum
Premium dispersion-enhanced xanthan gum
Xanthan suspension
Hematite
Seepage-loss additive - regular, coarse
and superfine
Oil wet seepage-loss additive
Barite
Barite 4.1 specific gravity
Synthetic paraffin-based oil
Sulfurized oil mixture

Baroid

BARAKLEAN GOLD

Baroid

BARAKLEAN NS PLUS

Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid

BARAMAG 10
BARANEX
BARAPAK
BARAPLUG
BARARESIN-VIS
BARASCAV-D
BARASCAV-L
BARASCRUB
BARASORB
BARATHIN-PLUS
BARAVIS
BARAWEIGHT
BARAZAN
BARAZAN D
BARAZAN D PLUS
BARAZAN L
BARODENSE
BAROFIBRE

Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid

BAROFIBRE O
BAROID
BAROID 41
BAROID ALKANE
BAROID CONCENTRATE 111
BAROID F10
Barite 10 micron average diameter
BAROID RIG WASH
Cleaning, degreaser compound
BAROLIFT
Hole-cleaning aid
BARO-LUBE GOLD SEAL Surfactant/lubricant blend
BAROMUL 290
Oil mud emulsifier for diesel fluids
BAROMUL 303
Oil mud emulsifier
BARO-SEAL
Sized LCM blend-classic, fine, medium
and coarse
BARO-TROL PLUS
Enhanced shale stabilizer
BORE-HIB
Liquid inorganic salt blend
BORE-HIB DP
Dry powder inorganic salt blend
BORE-HIB II
Liquid inorganic salt blend
BORE-PLUS
Polymer blend
BORE-VIS II
Modified bentonite
BRINEDRIL-VIS
Biopolymer
BROMI-MUL
Brine-in-oil emulsifier
BROMI-VIS
Pre-dispersed polymer suspension
BXR
Borehole stabilizer

Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X X X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X X X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X
X
X

X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X V
SH
X FR
V
X FR SH
V HPHT HPHT
X
SB
X X
FR
X X
SH FR
TE SU
X
B
HPHT
X
V
FR
X
V
FR LU
X X X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X X X

LO

X X X
X
X

LO
SH
CO

W
FL
CF

CO

TE

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X X
X X

X
X

SU WBC
SU WBC

X X

SU WBC

X X

SU WBC RDF

X X X

X
X
X X
X
X
X
X X X
X
X
X
X
X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X X X

LO

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X X X
X X X
X X X
X

LO
W
W
SB

X X X

LU

X X X

X X X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X X X
X
X
X

W
SU
V WBC
LU
E
SU
E
SU

X X X

LO

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X
X
X
X
X
X X

X
X

X X X

SH
SH
SH
SH
V
V
V
E
V
SH

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X X

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

X
X

FR

LO W
FR TE
V
LO W
V
CO
CO
SU WBC
CF
TH FR
V
FR
W
V
V
V
V
W

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

SU WBC

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

CF

X X

X
X
X

FR
FR

X X

X X

X
X

SU

X CO
X CO
CO
A
X X
V
FR
D
SU
D
D
X CO
X X
LO FR
FL
TH CA
SU WBC
X X

X
X

LU

SH
SH
CF
CF
FR

X X
X X X
X X X
X

X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X

LO
TE
TH
FR
FR
D
CO
A

X
X

X
X
X
X
X

Secondary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Secondary

Secondary
FR

SU
E
SU
HPHT
TE
FR
X P
X P
SH FR
V
TH HPHT
X FO
WBC SH
SU
FR
SU
SU
SU
HPHT
SU
HPHT
TH HPHT SU
FR
E
SU
FR SU TE

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

FR
FR
FR

X X X

X X
X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

TE

SB

X
X
X
X

TE
TE

X
X
X
X
X
X

SH
SH

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Description
of material

AVASILIX 22
AVASILIX 39
AVASINTOIL

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Fluids 2014
Available Product
from:
tradename

Product
Function

Secondary

Recommended for
these systems

Primary

World Oils

LU

FL HPWB
HPWB
HPWB
HPWB
FR
HPWB FR
SU
E
CF
LU

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

World Oil/JUNE 2014F103

DURATONE E
DURATONE HT
ENCORE BASE
ENVIRO-THIN
ENVIRO-TORQ
EP MUDLUBE
EXTENSOL
EZ GLIDE
EZ MUL
EZ MUL NS
EZ MUL NT
EZ SPOT
EZ-CORE
EZ-FLOC
EZ-MUD
EZ-MUD DP
EZ-MUD DPE
EZ-MUD GOLD

Baroid

EZ-PLUG

Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid

FACTANT
FILTER-CHEK
FLO-CLEAN MD
FLO-CLEAN Z
FOAM-ZAPPER
FORMULADE
FORTI-MUL
FUSE-IT
GELTONE
GELTONE II
GELTONE IV
GELTONE V
GEM CP
GEM GP
GEM GPE
HYDRO-PLUG

Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid

HYDRO-PLUG NS
IMPERMEX
INHIBI-TAR
INNOCLEAR
INVERMUL
INVERMUL NT
IRON-THIN
LE BASE
LE SUPERMUL
LIGNOX PLUS
LIQUI-DRIL
LIQUITONE
LIQUI-VIS EP
LUBRA-BEADS
N-DRIL HT PLUS
N-FLOW 325

Baroid

N-FLOW 408

Baroid

N-FLOW 412

Baroid

N-FLOW 457

Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid

NO BLOK C
NO BLOK Z
NO-SULF
N-PLEX
N-SEAL
N-SOLATE 275 VIS

North Sea LCM blend


Pre-gelatinized starch
Inorganic salt blend pill to stabilize tar zones
Refined n-alkane-based fluid
Oil mud emulsifier
Oil mud emulsifier
Iron lignosulfonate water-based mud thinner
Olefin-based fluid
Emulsifier for synthetic fluids
Lime mud thinner
ROP enhancer
Oil mud filtration control additive
Polymer dispersion
Copolymer bead lubricant
Modified starch
Time and temp. controlled wall-cake
removal product
Time and temp. controlled wall-cake
removal product
Time and temp. controlled wall-cake
removal product
Time and temp. controlled wall-cake
removal product
Non-emulsifier for calcium brines
Non-emulsifier for zinc-based brines
Zinc compound for sulfide scavenging
Activator for N-Squeeze
Inorganic LCM
Synthetic polymer for thermal insulating
packer fluid system

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X
X

X
X

X
X
X X
X X

X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X

X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X X
X X X
X X X

X X X

X X X

SH
TH
SH
SH
LU
TH
SU
SH
FL
SU
FR
FR
FR
FR
LO
FR
LU
SU
LO
LO
LO

FR
FR
HPWB
HPWB

X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X X X
X X

X X

E
SU
SH
TH
SH
SH
SH
SH

E
MLCM
MLCM

FR HPHT
FR HPHT
SB
X
TH FL
X
LU
X
LU
X
TE
X
LU SU
X
E
SU
X X
E
SU
X
E
SU
X
P
LU
X X
E RDF
X
X FL
X
X SH
X
SH
X
SH

X X X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X

SH

X X X

LO MLCM

X X X

X
X
X
X

X X

X X X

X X X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X
X X X
X
X
X

E
FR
FR
V
FL CF
FL CF
D
SU
E
E
LO MCLM
V
FR
V
FR
V
V
FR
SH
SH
LO MLCM
LO MLCM
FR
V
SU LU

X
X

X X X
X X X

E
E
TH
X
SB
X
E
TH
X
LU
X X
FR
X
X V
X X
LU
X
FR

X X X

X X X

WBC

X X X

X X X

WBC

X X X

X X X

WBC

X X X

X X X

WBC

X
X

X
X X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X X X
X
X X

SU
SU
CO
LO
LO

X X X

X X X

Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid

X X
X X
X

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

F104JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

X X X
X X X
X X
X X

SU
SU

Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Barzaghi
Barzaghi

SU
FR

RDF

CF
CF
RDF
RDF

Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi

Description
of material

N-SOLATE 275 XLINK

Inorganic cross linker for thermal insulating


packer fluid system
Synthetic polymer for thermal insulating
packer fluid system
N-SOLATE 400 XLINK1 Inorganic cross linker for thermal insulating
packer fluid system
N-SOLATE 400 XLINK2 Inorganic cross linker for thermal insulating
packer fluid system
N-SOLATE 600 VIS
Synthetic polymer for thermal insulating
packer fluid system
N-SOLATE BASE
Base fluid for thermal insulating packer
fluid system
N-SOLATE BASE BR
Base fluid for thermal insulating packer
fluid system
N-SOLATE BASE CS
Base fluid for thermal insulating packer
fluid system
N-VIS
Biopolymer
N-VIS HI
Bentonite extender
N-VIS HI PLUS
Mixed metal hydroxide
N-VIS L
Liquid xanthan gum
N-VIS O
Organophilic clay
N-VIS P PLUS
Blend of polymers
NXS-LUBE
Synthetic extreme-pressure lubricant
OMC
Oil mud conditioner
OMC 2
Oil mud conditioner
OMC 3
Oil mud conditioner
OMC 42
Oil mud conditioner
OXYGON
Oxygen scavenger
PAC-L & LE
Low-viscosity polyanionic cellulose
PAC-R & RE
Regular polyanionic cellulose
PERFORMATROL
Shale-stabilizing polymer
PETROFREE ESTER
Ester-based fluid
PIPESCRUB
Pipe dope cleaning mixture
PLUG-GIT
Processed cedar fiber
PLUG-GIT H
Processed wood fiber
POLYAC PLUS
Low-viscosity polyacrylate
QUIK-FOAM
Foaming agent
QUIK-FREE
Spotting fluid
QUIK-FREE NS
North Sea compliant spotting fluid
QUIK-GEL
High-yield bentonite
QUIK-MUD
Liquid anionic polymer
QUIK-THIN
Ferrochrome lignosulfonate
QUIK-THIN PLUS
Chrome lignosulfonate
RHEMOD L
Modified fatty acid
RHEOBOOST
Liquid mud viscosifier
RM-63
Polymeric rheology modifier
SF BASE
Olefin-based fluid
SOURSCAV
Hydrogen sulfide scavenger
STARCIDE
Biocide
STEELSEAL 50, 100, Specially sized dual-composition carbon
400, 1000
material
STICK-LESS 20
Glass spheres
SUSPENTONE
Organophilic clay
SWEEP-WATE
Sized barite
TAU-MOD
Amorphous/fibrous material
TEMPERUS
Modified fatty acid
THERMA-CHEK
High temp. filtrate reducer
Thermatek LC
Settable LCM
THERMA-THIN
High temp. deflocculant
THERMA-VIS
Synthetic inorganic viscosifier
TORQUE-LESS DI -170 Glass spheres
VIS-PLUS
Organic viscosifier
WALL-NUT
Ground nut shell-coarse, medium, and fine
XLR-RATE
ROP enhancer
XP-07
Linear alkane-based fluid
X-TEND II
Bentonite extender
ZEOGEL
Attapulgite
ABLUBE
Ecological lubricant (-based on vegetable
oils)
ABLUBE VS
Eco lubricant (-based on synthetic esters) high pH resistant
ABSPERSE 200
Dispersant acrylic poliymer
BIOGUM P
Dispersible guar product
CARBOGUM CXK
Xanthan gum-based polymer
CARBOGUM XK
Xanthan gum
DEFOAMER S
Defoamer
DETERDRILL DE
Drilling detergent
GELOGUM CMC/L
Carboxymethylcellulose - slurry (ready
to use)
GELOGUM HC15000
HydroxyEthylCellulose
GELOGUM HC15B
HydroxyEthylCellulose
GELOGUM HC30000
HydroxyEthylCellulose
GELOGUM HC300B
HydroxyEthylCellulose
GELOGUM HC6000
HydroxyEthylCellulose
GELOGUM HEC/L
HydroxyEthylCellulose - slurry (ready to use)
GELOGUM HVS
Carboxymethyl cellulose-semipurified
GELOGUM HVT
Carboxymethyl cellulose (API 13A)
GELOGUM LVS
Carboxymethyl cellulose-semipurified
GELOGUM LVT
Carboxymethyl cellulose (API 13A)
GELOGUM PAC LV
Polyanionic cellulose (PAC), pure grade
GELOGUM PAC ULV
Polyanionic cellulose (PAC), pure grade
GUARFIX P
Guar gum-based polymer
N-SOLATE 400 VIS

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

X X X

X X X

X X X

X X X

X X X

X X X

X X X

X X X

X X X

X X X

X X X

X X X

SB

X X X

X X X

SB

X X X

X X X

SB

X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X
X
X X X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X
X X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X X
X X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

V RDF RDF
V
RDF
V RDF
V RDF
X
V
FR
V
FR
LU
TH
X
TH
E
X
TH
V
X
TH
CO
X FR SH
X FR SH
SH HPWB
X
SB
SU WBC
LO

X
X
X X
X X
X X
X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X

X X X

X X X

X X X

X X X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X
X
X X
X
X
X
X X
X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X X
X X X
X X X

FR
X FO
P
P
V
V
TH
TH
V
V
V
SB
CO
B

V
SH
LU
LU
FR
FR
FR

LO

X
X
X
X
X

LU
V
HPHT
W
V
V
HPHT
FR
V
X
LO
TH HPHT
V
FR
X X X
LU
X X
V
X X X X LC
X
LU
X
SB
V
X
V
LU

X
X
X

TH
V
V
V
D
WBC

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

CF
CF
CF
CF
CF
CF

LU

SH

LU

X X

FR

SH

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X
X X X
X X X
X X

X
X
X
X

FR
X FR
X FR
V

SH
SH
SH

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

Secondary

Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid

Borehole stabilizer suspension


Lignite/Leonardite
Clay inhibitor
Clay inhibitor
Lubricant for non-aqueous fluids
Rheological additive
Mud detergent
Water-soluble surfactant blend
Liquid cationic polymer
Wetting agent
Modified and bacteria-stabilized starch
Modified starch
Modified and bacteria-stabilized starch
Modified and bacteria-stabilized starch
Crystalline synthetic polymer
Pregelatinized starch
ROP enhancer
Oil-wetting agent
Bimodal distribution LCM
Acid soluble Bimodal distribution LCM
Compressive strength additive for DUOSQUEEZE systems
Oil mud filtration control additive
Oil mud filtration control additive
Synthetic olefin-based oil
Chrome-free lignosulfonate
Broad-spectrum lubricant
Extreme-pressure lubricant
Salt crystal growth inhibitor
Proprietary blend of surfactants
Oil mud emulsifier for Diesel fluids
Oil mud emulsifier for North Sea
Oil mud emulsifier
Spotting fluid concentrate
Fatty acid emulsifier
Polymer emulsion
Shale-stabilizing polymer emulsion
Powdered shale-stabilizing polymer
Powdered shale-stabilizing polymer
Low-viscosity powdered shale-stabilizing
polymer
Blend of acid soluble lost circulation control
materials
Concentrated invert emulsifier
Fermentation-resistant modified starch
Flocculant for calcium brines
Flocculant for zinc brines
Defoamer
Emulsifier for non-aqueous fluids
Emulsifier for INTEGRADE fluids
Polymer-based LCM
Organophilic clay
Organophilic clay
Organophilic clay
Organophilic clay
Polyglycol
Polyglycol
Polyglycol
LCM blend

Available Product
from:
tradename

Secondary

BXR-L
CARBONOX
CLAY GRABBER
CLAY SYNC II
CMO 568
COLDTROL
CON DET
CON DET E
CRYSTAL-DRIL
DEEP-TREAT
DEXTRID
DEXTRID E
DEXTRID LT
DEXTRID LTE
DIAMOND SEAL
DRILL STARCH
DRIL-N-SLIDE
DRILTREAT
DUO-SQUEEZE H
DUO-SQUEEZE R
DUO-SQUEEZE SA

Secondary

Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid
Baroid

Secondary

Description
of material

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Fluids 2014

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Available Product
from:
tradename

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

Product
Function

Primary

Recommended for
these systems

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

World Oils

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

LU
LU
LU

ADIDET-DD
ADIE-KLEEN

BCI

ADIKLEEN-RW

BCI
BCI
BCI

ADILUBE
ADIMOD-RM
ADIMOD-S

BCI
BCI
BCI

ADIMUL-P
ADIMUL-S
ADIPACK

BCI
BCI
BCI
BCI
BCI
BCI
BCI
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

Primary oil mud emulsifier


Oil mud emulsifier and wetting agent
3-in-1 mixture of CO, biocide and oxygen
scavenger
ADIPLUG
Ground nutshell
ADIPOLY-AC
Rheology modifier and stabilizer for HPHT
and deepwater applications
ADISPACER
Nano-emulsion biodegradable wellbore
spacer and cleanup additives
ADITROL
Filtration control agent
ADIVIS
Oil mud viscosifier
ADIZAN-L
Liquid-suspended xanthan gum for immediate yield
ADIZAN-LG
Green-based liquid-suspended xanthan gum
660-L
Polymeric thinner liquid
BALL-BUSTER-L
Anti-bit-balling lubricant
BT-250
Guar gum liquid
DRILL-ZAN-L
Xanthan gum liquid
BX-1
Bentonite extender
CI-323
Corrosion Inhibitor
CMC HV
Carboxymethyl cellulose polymer
DEFOAMER-A
Liquid defoamer
DESCO
Organic mud thinner
DIASEAL-M
LCM Squeeze additive
DRILL BEADS (DENSE) Mechanical lubricant, 3.0 SG
DRILL BEADS (LIGHT) Mechanical lubricant, 1.1 SG
DRILLING DETERGENT Surfactant and anti-bit-balling additive
DRILL-ZAN-D
Xanthan Gum, dispersible
DRISPAC REGULAR
Premium PAC polymer
DRISPAC SUPERLO
Premium PAC polymer
F-500
Foamer
FLORIGEL HY
Attapulgite, API spec
G-325 GEL
Wyoming NT bentonite exceeding API spec's,
180-barrel yield
GIISONITE-NT
Untreaded gilsonite
GILSONITE-ST
Treated gilsonite
GL-100
Polyol blend
GL-150
Gilsonite liquid

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X
X

X
X
X

X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X FO
X FO
SH

X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X X

SU WBC

X X X

X X X X SU

X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X
X
X
X X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X X X
X X X
X
X
X
X X X
X
X X X

X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

FR

V
V
V
FL
TH
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
FL
SU
SU
SH
TH
LU
LU
D
CF
LU
V
FR
TH
V
B
B
LO
TH
D

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

FL
FR
FL

TE

LU

SH
FR

TE
TE

W
FR

X X
X X
X

SH
SH
SH

TH
V

TH

Available Product
from:
tradename

Description
of material

BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BCIDF
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

GRAPHITE
HEC-L
MAGMA-FIBER
MMX-1
MMX-2
MMX-3
MMX-4
MUD-LINER FIBER
MUD-LINER G
MUD-WISER FC
PHPA 35-L
PIPE SPOT DFT-L
PREMIUM GEL
Q-SEAL LCM
Q-SEAL LCM FINE
RESIN-PLEX
RESIN-TEMP HT
SF-1
SI-585
SOLTEX
ST-6
ST-7
STABIL-FLO SPA
STARLOSE
STARPAK II
SUPER DEFOAMER II
SUPERLIG
SUPERTREAT
TRUE LUBE M/O
WELL-PAC, HI-VIS
WELL-PAC, LO-VIS
Z-GARD
ZINC CARBONATE
ALL-TEMP
ALL-TEMP XPR
AMPLI-FOAM
AMPLI-FOAM FW
AMPLI-FOAM SW
AQUA-COL

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

BHI

AQUA-COL B

BHI

AQUA-COL D

BHI

AQUA-COL S

Amorphous graphite
Hydroxyethyl cellulose liquid
Mineral fiber, LCM, acid soluble
Bentonite complexer, to 200F
Bentonite complexer, to 275F
Bentonite complexer, to 350F
Attapulgite complexer
Seepage and LCM control
Special graphite blend
Carboxymethyl starch
Anionic polymer liquid
Oil surfactant
Wyoming bentonite, API spec
Blend of flakes, granules, fibers
Blend of flakes, granules, fibers
Modified lignin polymer
Contaminant tolerant polymer for HT muds
Nonionic flocculant
Scale Inhibitor
Sulfonated asphalt
Organic thinner
Organic thinner
Sodium polyacrylate
Drilling starch, pre-gel, pre-preserved
Complexed starch
Liquid defoamer
ND lignite
Treated ND lignite
Borehole Lubricant
Premium PAC dispersible grade polymer
Premium PAC dispersible grade polymer
Hydrogen sulfide gas scavenger
Hydrogen sulfide gas scavenger
Synthetic high-temperature deflocculant
High-temperature liquid deflocculant
Foaming agent for mist & stiff foam drilling
Drilling Foaming Agent for freshwater
Drilling Foaming Agent for saltwater
Cloud-point glycol for shale control in fresh
and low-salinity systems
Cloud-point glycol for shale control in
medium-salinity systems
Cloud-point glycol for shale control in highsalinity systems
Cloud-point glycol for shale control in saturated salt systems
Oil-free differential sticking preventative

Differential sticking preventative


WB casing cleaning system for removal of
WB and OBM contaminants
A casing cleaning system and stabilzer for
Baker Clean 5 in a viscosified system
Single sack lost circulation solution
Wetting agent
Bit balling preventor
Modified polysaccharide that resists bacterial
degradation
High performance organic derivative FR
High performance fluid loss control
biopolymer
Premium non-hydrocarbon-based spotting fluid
Non-hydrocarbon-based spotting fluid
Course calcium carbonate for DIF's and fluid
control pills
Fine calcium carbonate for DIF's and fluid
control pills
Medium calcium carbonate for DIF's and
fluid control pills
Premium spotting fluid, pre-mixed
Premium spotting fluid, pre-mixed in environmentally acceptable based oil
Premium spotting fluid, pre-mixed in lowtoxicity mineral oil
Premium spotting fluid, non-asphaltic

Premium spotting fluid, sack concentrate


Completion fluid corrosion inhibitor
3-in-1 corrosion inhibitor - multi-use
Corrosion Inhibitor for solids-free fluids
Premium organoclay viscosifier
Organoclay viscosifier
Emulsifier and wetting agent
High temp. emulsifier and wetting agent
High temp. emulsifier and wetting agent
for Norway
Low temp. emulsifier and wetting agent
Modified hydrocarbon LCM for sealing
High temp. emulsifier
Supplemental emulsifier and viscosifier
Low temp. supplemental emulsifier
Supplemental emulsifier
FR with minimal effects on rheology

BHI

AQUA-MAGIC

X X X

X X X X SU

X X X

BHI
BHI

AQUA-MAGIC XPR
BAKER-CLEAN 5

BHI

BAKER-CLEAN 6

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

BAKER-SQUEEZ
BIO-COTE
BIO-DRILL
BIO-LOSE

BHI
BHI

BIO-PAQ
BIO-PAQ AR

WBC

BHI

BIO-SPOT

BHI
BHI

BIO-SPOT XPR
SEAL C

BHI

SEAL F

BHI

SEAL M

SH

BHI
BHI

BLACK MAGIC
BLACK MAGIC CLEAN

FR

BHI

BLACK MAGIC LT

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

BLACK MAGIC PHALT


FREE
BLACK MAGIC SFT
BRINE-PAC 250
BRINE-PAC 3N1
BRINE-PAC XTS
CARBO-GEL
CARBO-GEL II
CARBO-MUL
CARBO-MUL HT
CARBO-MUL HT N

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

CARBO-MUL LT
CARBO-SEAL
CARBO-TEC
CARBO-TEC "S"
CARBO-TEC LT
CARBO-TEC S
CARBO-TROL

LU
V

X X

X X

X X
X X

E
E

SU

CO

X X X

LO

X X

X X
X X

FR
V

FR
SU

X X

RDF

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

V
TH
LU
V
V
V
CO
FR
D
TH
MLCM
LU
LU
SH
V
FR
FR
FO
V

RDF
TE
P

X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

FR

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X X X FR
X
SH
X
LU
X X X
LU

LU
FR
SH
SH

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

FL

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

V
TE
LO

SU
SH
LU

LU
V
SH

LO
LU
FR

FR

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X
X X
X X X
X X X

X X X
LU LO
X
X V
FR
X X X
LO
V
V
SH
V
SH
V
SH
V
V
SH FR
X X X X LO FR
X X X
LO LU
X
FR SH
X
X SH
V
X X
P
TH
X
X V
FR
X X X X LO
X X X X LO
X
TE FR TE
X
TE FR
X
X FL SH
X
CO
TE
X X X X SH LU
E
X
TH FR
X
TH FR
FR TH
E
X
FR SH
E
X
FR SH
X
D
SH
X X
FR TH LU
X
FR TH
X X
LU
X
FR
V
X
FR SH
X
CO
X
CO
X
TH HPHT
X
TH HPHT FR
X FO
X FO
FR
X
X FO
FR

X X X

SH

LU

X X X

SH

FR

X X X

SH

LU

Secondary

BCI
BCI

Foaming agent
Foaming agent
Powdered shale inhibitor polymer
Cationic-shale inhibitor polymer-low viscosity
PHPA
PHPA
PHPA - liquid emulsion
Liquid-grade cationic coagulant
Rheological control for water base fluids
cationic flocculent beads
cationic flocculent beads
cationic flocculent beads
Non-ionic powder flocculent
cationic flocculent powder
cationic flocculent powder
cationic flocculent powder
Powder-grade cationic flocculant
Liquid-grade high MW cationic coagulant
High MW total FL liquid
anionic flocculent powder
Wetting agent
Cleaning agents
Glycol shale inhibitors
Polyacrylate thinner
Lubricants
Lubricants
Defoamer for well service fluids
Non-ionic surfactants
Lubricants
Attapulgite
High temp. stable fluid loss polymer
High temp. deflocculant, TH
MMH viscositifer
Biocide, Glutaraldehyde 25% sol.
Biocide, Glutaraldehyde 50% sol.
Sized calcium carbonate
Chrome-free lignosulfonate
Silicone-based defoamer for brine
Alcohol-based defoamer and anti-foam for
water-based fluids
Biodegradable mud detergent
Nano-emulsion-based biodegradable multipurpose degreaser
Oil mud thinner/dispersant
HPHT rheology stabilizer
Suspended HEC viscosifier for completion
and workover fluids
Aqueous-based biodegradable low-foam
degreaser
Esther-based lubricant for water-based mud
Polymeric rheology modifier
Premium polymeric rheology modifier

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

PERFOAM AS
PERFOAM HP
POLYFIX CM55
POLYFIX K-210
VISCODRILL 140
VISCODRILL 190
VISCODRILL E5
ALCOMER 7125
ALCOMER 74L
Alcomer 752
Alcomer 755
Alcomer 758
ALCOMER 80
Alcomer 811
Alcomer 812
Alcomer 814
ALCOMER 819
ALCOMER 889
ALCOMER 90L
Alcomer 90P
ALCOMER D1235
BASOCLEAN TYPES
BASODRILL TYPES
BASOGAN DR 130
BASOPEG TYPES
BASOPLUR TYPES
BASOPUR DF 5
BASOSOL
BASOTRON KS1
DC-150
POLYDRILL
POLYTHIN
PolyVis II
Myacide GA 25
Myacide GA 50
ADICARB
ADICFL
ADIDEFOAM SC
ADIDEFOAM SP20

Secondary

Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
Barzaghi
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BASF
BCI
BCI
BCI
BCI

Secondary

Description
of material

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Fluids 2014

ADIE-THIN
ADIHDF 373
ADIHEC-L

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Available Product
from:
tradename

BCI
BCI
BCI

Product
Function

Secondary

Recommended for
these systems

Primary

World Oils

X X

SH

LU

X X X

LU

FR

WBM,
SB

WBC
WBC

X X X

X X X
X
X

LO MLCM HPHT
SU TH
LU

X X X

FR

X X X

FR

W
W

X X X

X X X

X X X

X X X

FR

LO

FR

LO

FR

LO

X X X

X X

X X X

X X X

X X

X X X

X X

X X X

X X
X
X
X
X X
X X
X
X

P
CO
CO
CO
V
V
E
E

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

X
X
X
X

FR

E
LO
E
E
E
E
FR

CF
FR
TE
SU
SU

TE

SU
FR
V
FR
FR

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

World Oil/JUNE 2014F105

CHEK-LOSS COARSE

BHI

CHEK-LOSS PLUS

BHI
BHI
BHI

CLAY-TROL
CLEAN-THREAD
DEEP SWEEP

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

DEFOAM
DELTA-TROL
DRY-FIX 115
DRY-FIX 120
ECCO-BLOK

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

ECCO-GLYCOL
ECCO-MUL E
ECCO-MUL R
ECCO-PAQ LV

BHI
BHI

Filtration control additive for freshwater


systems
FC 30
Blend of sized and flaked calcium carbonate
FLOW-CARB SERIES
Multiple grind size series of calcium
carbonate
GeoPACK
Oil based gravel pack carrier system
HYCAL I
Liquid calcium chloride (to 11.6 ppg)
HYCAL II
Liquid calcium chloride/bromide (to 15.1 ppg)
HYCAL III
Liquid calcium chl./bromide/zinc bromide
(19.2 ppg)
HYCAL IIISB
Liquid calcium/zinc bromide (to 19.2 ppg)
HYCAL IISB
Liquid calcium bromide (to 15.3 ppg)
INFUSE HEC
Liquid HEC in an enviromentally friendly base
INFUSE XAN
Liquid xanthan gum polymer in an enviromentally friendly base
KD 740
Corrosion and scale inhibitor
KD-740
water-soluble CO
KEM-SEAL
Copolymer for high-temp. filtration control
KEM-SEAL PLUS
Copolymer for FR in extreme high-temp
KOMPRESS
Single sack lost circulation solution
LATIBASE
Multifuctional base product for LATIDRILL
system
LATIMAGIC
Wellbore stabilizer and lubricant
LATIRATE
Rate of penetration enhancer and lubricant
for water-based fluids
LATILUBE
High temperature lubricant
LATIHIB
Carbon dioxide scavenger
LC-GLIDE
Spherical synthetic graphite for torque and
drag reduction
LC-LUBE PLUS
Sized, synthetic graphite
LC-LUBE
Sized, synthetic graphite
LC-LUBE FINE
Sized, synthetic graphite
LD-8
Non-hydrocarbon defoamer for waterbased fluids
LD-9
Defoamer for both fresh and saltwater
drilling fluids
LD-10
Low Cost Silicon Defoamer
LIGCO
Ground leonardite
LIGCON
Causticized leonardite filtration reducer
LUBE-622
Water-based mud LU
LUBRI-GLIDE COARSE Spherical CPC friction reducer
LUBRI-GLIDE FINE
Spherical CPC friction reducer
MAGMA-GEL
Viscosifier for extreme HPHT emulsion
systems
MAGMA-GEL SE
Suspension enhancer for extreme HPHT
emulsion systems
MAGMA-SEAL
Fluid loss additive for extreme HPHT
applications
MAGMA-TROL
Polymeric fluid loss additive for extreme
HPHT emulsion systems
MAGMA-VERT
Emulsifier for extreme HPHT emulsion
systems
MAX-GUARD
High performance clay hydration suppressant
MAX-PLEX
Aluminum/resin shale stabilizer for high
performance WBM
MAX-SHIELD
Deformable sealing polymer for high performance WBM
MAX-TROL
HTHP filtration reducer for high performance WBM
MD
Biodegradable drilling fluid detergent
MD II
Detergent/rig wash for general cleaning
purposes
MF-1
High molecular weight non-ionic selective
flocculant
MICRO-CURE AF E2
Acid-free mesophase remediation
MICRO-CURE E2
Mesophase remediation

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

MIL-BAR
MIL-BAR 410
MIL-BAR UF
MIL-BIO NS

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

Barite meeting API specs


Barite with 4.1 specific gravity
Ultra fine grind barite
Phosphonium sulfate biocide

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X X
X
X X
X X
X

X X X

X X X

LO

X X X

SH

X X

FR

X
X

X
X

X X X

X
X X X

SH HPWB

X X X

X X X

X X X

LO

X X X

X
X

D
FR

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

X X X

SH

FR

X X X
X X
X

SH
E
E

LU
SU

BHI
BHI
BHI

FR

LO

FR

X
X
X

SB
W
W

SH
SH

SH

W
W
V

SH
SH

X
X
X

X X
X X X
X X X

W
RDF

BHI

X X X

X
X
X

BHI
BHI

LO

BHI

TE
CF

X X

X
X

X
X
X

LO

FR

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

X
CO
X
X CO CF
X
FR TE HPWB
X
FR TE
X X X
LO MLCM HPHT

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

BHI
BHI

SH

LU HPWB

X
X

X
X

LU HTHP MLCM
CO HPWB

X X X

X X X

LU

LO

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X X X
X X X
X X X

LO
LO
LO

LU
LU
LU

X X X

BHI

X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

BHI
BHI

X X
X X

X X

X X X

X X X

X X X

LU

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

X
X
X
X X X
X X X

FR
FR
LU
LU
LU

TH
T HPHT
HPHT

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

X X

FR HPHT

BHI

X X

FR HPWB

BHI
BHI

X X

FR HPHT HPWB

X X

FR HPHT HPWB

X X

SH

BHI
BHI

FR
BHI

SH

FR

BHI

X X X

SH

LO

FR HPHT

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

X X X X SU
X X X

WBM
FL
WBC
WBC

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

F106JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

X X X

X X X

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

X X X

BHI

FR HPHT
FR TE
FR
V

X X X
X X X
X X X

X X X
X X X
X X X
X
X

W
W
W
B

RDF

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

Description
of material

MIL-CARB SERIES

Multiple grind size series of calcium


carbonate
Shredded cedar bark
Water-soluble, biodegradable detergent
concentrate
MIL-CLEAN E
Biodegradable cleaner/degreaser
MIL-CLEAN SEA
North Sea approved rig wash detergent
MILFLAKE
Shredded cellophane
MIL-GARD
H2S extractor (basic zinc carbonate)
MIL-GARD L
Sulfide scavenger
MILGEL
Wyoming bentonite meeting API specifications
MILGEL NT
Untreated (naturally high-yielding), API-spec
Wyoming bentonite
MIL-GLIDE
Spherical copolymer bead lubricant for
torque and drag reduction
MIL-GLIDE CP
Spherical glass bead lubricant for torque and
drag reduction--avail in fine/coarse
MIL-GLIDE CP FINE
Fine spherical co-polymer drilling bead
MIL-GLIDE FINE
Fine grade spherical glass drilling bead
MIL-GRAPHITE
Natural graphite
MIL-LUBE
Vegetable oil-based boundary and extreme
pressure LU
MILMICA
Muscovite mica
MIL-PAC LV
Low-viscosity polyanionic cellulose
MIL-PAC LVT
Low-viscosity tech-grade polyanionic
cellulose
MIL-PAC PLUS
Polyanionic cellulose that meets API
specifications
MIL-PAC PLUS LV
Saltwater tolerant low-viscosity polyanionic
cellulose that meets API specifications
MIL-PAC PLUS R
Saltwater tolerant polyanionic cellulose,
regular viscosity
MIL-PAC R
Polyanionic cellulose, regular viscosity
MIL-PAC T
Technical grade polyanionic cellulose, regular
viscosity, API spec
MIL-PAC ULV
Ultra-low viscosity polyanionic cellulose
MIL-PLUG
Ground nut shells
MIL-SEAL
Blended LCM product available in 3
grind sizes
MILSTARCH
Pre-gelatinized starch that meets API spec
MIL-TEMP
Contamination-resistant HPHT rheological
stabilizer for WBM, > 500F
MP-COTE
Wetting agent for the MPRESS system
MP-HOLD
Organoclay suspension agent in the MPRESS
system
MP-LIFT
Rheology modifier for the MPRESS system
MP-LIFT UL
Rheology modifier for the MPRESS system in
select applications
MP-MUL
Emulsifier for the MPRESS system
MP-TROL
Fluid loss control additive for the MPRESS
system
MUDZYME S
Enzymes to degrade starch in filter cakes
MUDZYME X
Enzymes to degrade xanthan gum in
filter cakes
MUL-FREE RS
Non-emulsifying surfactant
NANOSHIELD
Polymer for extreme wellbore stability
NEW-DRILL LV STICKS Low Visocity PHPA polymer in stick form
NEW-DRILL STICKS
PHPA polymer in stick form
NEW-DRILL
Liquid high molecular weight PHPA for
encapsulation and shale control
NEW-DRILL HP
Powdered high molecular weight PHPA for
encapsulation and shale control
NEW-DRILL LV
Low-viscosity, powdered PHPA
NEW-DRILL NY
Cuttings encapsulant approved for use
in Norway
NEW-DRILL PLUS
Concentrated, powdered high MW PHPA
NEW-THIN
Synthetic deflocculant
NEW-TROL
Sodium polyacrylate filtration reducer
NEW-VIS
A polymeric viscosifying agent for freshwater
and brines
NEXT-SEAL
HTHP Filtration/seepage loss control agent
for emulsion drilling fluids
NEXT-COTE
Wetting agent for the NEXT-DRILL system
NEXT-HOLD
Organoclay suspension agent in the NEXTDRILL system
NEXT-LIFT
Rheology modifier for the NEXT-DRILL
system
NEXT-LIFT UL
Rheology modifier for the NEXT-DRILL system in select applications
NEXT-MUL
Primary emulsifier for the NEXT-DRILL
system
NEXT-TROL
Fluid loss control additive for the NEXTDRILL system
NF2
Gas hydrate inhibitor
NOCAL I
Liquid sodium chloride (to 10.0 ppg)
NOCAL II
Liquid sodium chloride/bromide (to 12.8 ppg)
NOCAL IISB
Liquid sodium bromide (to 12.8 ppg)
NOCAL K
Liquid potassium chloride (to 9.7 ppg)
NOXYCOR
Corrosion inhibitor for water based and air/
mist/foam drilling applications
NOXYGEN L
Liquid oxygen scavenger
NOXYGEN NA
Liquid oxygen scavenger - sodium bisulfite
NOXYGEN XT
Organic oxygen scavenger
OHR AC
Acid corrosion control for the MICRO-WASH
System
OHR ACE
Acid corrosion control for MICRO-WASH environmentally safe
OMNI-COTE
Wetting agent
MIL-CEDAR FIBER
MIL-CLEAN

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

X X X

X X X

LO

FR

X X X

LO

X X X

X X X X SU

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X X X P
X X X X SU
X
LO
X X
CO
X
CO

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X X

FR

X X X

FR

X X X

X X X

LU

X X X

X X X

LU

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X

X X X
LU
X X X
LU
X X X X LU

LO

X X

LU

RDF

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X X X

LO
FR

FR
FR

X X X

X X X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X X X

FR
LO

X X X

LO

X X

FR

X X

TE

FR

TH

SU

X
X
X
X

FR
V

FR

FR

FR

FR

CF

BR

SB

BR

X
X X X
X
X

X
X
X

SU RDF
HPWB SH
SH WBM
SH WBM

X X

SH

X X

SH

X X

SH

X X

SH

X
X

X
X

X X
X X

X
X

SH
X TH
FR

X
X

X
X

X X X

X X X
X X X

FR

X X

FR

LO

TH

SU

X
X

Secondary

BHI

Non-asphaltic/polymeric HPHT FR
FR for HPHT applications
FR for extreme HPHT applications
Organophilic clay V for solids suspension
Seepage-loss control, diff. sticking preventative
Coarse, complexed cellulosic for loss of
circulation
High-lignin cellulosic LCM particularly
for OBM/NAF with less adverse effect on
PV and ES
Clay swelling and hydration suppressant
HPHT FR and rheological stabilizer for fresh
or seawater applications
Clay swelling and hydration suppressant
Economy pipe dope remover
Coarse ground barite to improve hole
cleaning
D for drill-in systems and completion fluids
New HT Starch for PERFFLOW system
Product for drying and solidifing cuttings
Product for drying and solidifing cuttings
Resinous shale stabilizer and HPHT filtration reducer
Glycol for shale control
Emulsifier for invert-emulsion systems

Available Product
from:
tradename

Secondary

CARBO-TROL A-9
CARBO-TROL HT
CARBO-TROL XHT
CARBO-VIS
CHEK-LOSS

Secondary

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

Secondary

Description
of material

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Fluids 2014

CHEK-TROL
CHEMTROL X

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Available Product
from:
tradename

BHI
BHI

Product
Function

Primary

Recommended for
these systems

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

World Oils

FR

X
X
X
X
X

SU
W
W
W
W

X CO

X
X
X

CO
CO
CO

SH
SH

CO
CO
X X

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

SU

TH

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

SH

OMNI-VERT
PACK-MUL
PENETREX
PENETREX NS
PENETREX XPR
PERFFLOW CM
PERFFLOW DIF
PERFFLOW LD
PERMA-LOSE HT
PLUG-LIFT

BHI

PLUG-DRILL FR

BHI
BHI

PLUG-DRILL LX
PLUG-DRILL FR HT

BHI
BHI

PLUG-DRILL LUBE
PLUG-GARD

BHI
BHI

POTASSIUM FORMATE
PRIME 200HT

BHI
BHI
BHI

PRIME 759
PRIME 770
PRIME VIS HT

BHI
BHI
BHI

PRIME-100
PROTECTOMAGIC
PROTECTOMAGIC M

BHI

PYRO-TROL

BHI
BHI
BHI

QUICK VIS
QUICK VIS HT
RHEO-CLAY

BHI
BHI

RHEO-CLAY PLUS
RHEO-SWEEP

BHI

SHALE-BOND

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

SHALE-PLEX
SODIUM FORMATE
SOLUFLAKE
SOLUFLAKE D COARSE

BHI

SOLUFLAKE D FINE

BHI

SOLUFLAKE D MEDIUM

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

SOLU-SQUEEZE
SS-10
SULFATROL
SUPER INSULGEL

BHI
BHI
BHI

SUPER-COL
SURF-COTE
TECHNI-CLEAN 4570

BHI
BHI

TECHNI-CLEAN+C2603
4575
TEKPLUG XL

BHI

TEKPLUG XL HD

BHI
BHI

TEQ-LUBE II
TERRA-COAT

BHI
BHI
BHI

TERRA-RATE
THERMO PLUG II
ULTRA SATURATED SALT
DKD FLUID, 16 PPG
220 SALT
ULTRA SATURATED SALT
DKD FLUID, 16 PPG
110 SALT
ULTRA VIS
Liquid HEC V for non-formate brines
UNI-CAL
Highly effective thinner for fresh and salt
systems
UNI-CAL CF
Lignosulfonate with no chrome added
W.O. 21 LE PLUS
Liquid HEC in environmentally friendly base
W.O. 21L
HEC viscosifier for workover fluids
W.O. 21LE
Liquid HEC - environmentally safe
W.O. 21LE PLUS
High-yield liquid HEC for workover fluids
- enviro.
W.O. 30
Sized, ground calcium carbonate (fine,
med, coarse)

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

RDF
LU
LU
E
E
V

FR HPWB

X X

FR

TE HPWB

E
SU

FR

SU

LU
LU

X X

X X

SU

X
X
X

X
X X
X X

X X X
X
X
X

LU
RDF
RDF
RDF
FR

X
X

WBC

LU

X X

BHI
BHI

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

FR
TE
SU
TE

FR
FR
V

SH

X
X

X X X

X X X

X X

X X X

LO

X X X

X
X

Boysenblue
Bri-Chem
Cabot
Cabot
Cabot
Carless
Carless
Carless
Carless
Cebo
Cebo
Cebo
Cebo
Cebo
Cebo
Cebo
Cebo
Cebo
Cebo
Cebo
Cebo
Cebo
Cebo
Cesco
Cesco

CESIUM ACETATE
CESIUM FORMATE
POTASSIUM FORMATE
CLAIRSOL 350M HF
CLAIRSOL 370
CLAIRSOL NS
CLAIRSOL NS-P
CEBO PG 63
CEBOBAR
CEBODOL
CEBOFLAKES
CEBOGEL API
CEBOGEL OCMA
CEBOGEL WYOMING
CEBOMICA
CEBONUTSHELLS
CEBOSALT
CEBOSEAL
CEBOSWDC
CEBOThinner
CEBOBAR UF
CESCO CG
CESCO COUPLER

X
X
X

Cesco
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet

CESCO GILSONITE
Jet Base 360
Jet Base 400
Jet Ceramic Beads
Jet Lube 22
Jet Lube 175
Jet Lube 185
Jet Lube 275
Jet Lube 280
Jet Lube EN28
Jet Lube I
Jet Lube II
Jet Lube V
Jet Lube VP

Chemjet

Jet Lube X

Chemjet

Jet Lube XL

BHI
BHI

BHI

BHI
BHI

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
Black Earth

Boysenblue
Boysenblue
Boysenblue
Boysenblue

TE

WBC HTHP
WBC
WBC

X X X

Boysenblue
Boysenblue

LU

BHI
BHI

BHI

LU

W.O. 30 SUPERCOARSE Calcium carbonate


W.O. DEFOAM
Alcohol-based compound for defoaming
water-based fluids
W-313
Polymer additive to PERFFLOW system
WELL WASH 100
Displacement surfactant to remove waterbased fluids
WELL WASH 120
Displacement surfactant to remove waterbased fluids
WELL WASH 2000
Surfactant blend to remove oil-based and
synthetic-based fluids
WELL WASH 2020
Dispacement surfactant for oil and syntheticbased fluids
WIN-LUBE
Lubricant for brine drilling fluids
XAN-PLEX
Xanthan gum polymer meeting API-spec
for viscosity
XAN-PLEX C
Clarified xanthan gum polymer
XAN-PLEX D
Xanthan gum polymer with dispersant meeting API-spec for viscosity
XAN-PLEX L
Liquid xanthan gum polymer for fast mixing
XCD POLYMER
Dry xanthan biopolymer
X-CIDE 102
Glutaraldehyde bactericide
X-CIDE 102
Biocide
X-CIDE 105
Glutaraldehyde bactericide concentrate
X-CIDE 207
Isothiazolone-based biocide-powder
XL STABILIZER
Drill-in/Completion fluid buffer
X-LINK
Cross-link polymer system
BLACKEARTH HUMALITEWeathered sub-bituminous coal, similar to
leonardite or weathered lignite
BLEN-CARB
Calcium carbonate
BLEN-FYBER
High-strength micronized cellulose fiber to
prevent/cure seepage loss
BLEN-NO FOAM
Defoamer
BLEN-PLEX
Multivalent ion, polymer crosslinking agent
BLEN-PLUG
Mixed coarse cellulose fibers
BLEN-SEAL
Preabsorbed, high-strength micronized cellulose fibers with low-toxicity lubricnat
BLEN-SQUEEZE
Cellulose LCM w/crosslinkable polymer
BORESEAL
Mineral fiber blended with pore blocking
material
FRAC-PAK
High-solids, high fluid-loss LCM
HYDRASWELL
After spotted, material swells to seal fractures and voids
MEGA-SLIDE
Glass beads specifically for use in slide and
horizontal drilling (1420 mesh)
SPUD-SEAL
Selected size cellulose fibers blended with
non-damaging water-soluble polymers
SUPER-SLIDE "F"
Spherical glass beads (170325 mesh) to
reduce torque and drag
SUPER-SLIDE "M"
Spherical glass beads (2040 mesh) to
reduce torque and drag
WALL-GUARD
Water-soluble additives

BHI

D
HTHP HPHT

WBC
SH LU
SH

LU

FR

TE

V
V

FR
FR

Boysenblue
Boysenblue
Boysenblue
Boysenblue
Boysenblue

X
X

X
X

X
X
X X
X X

X X

X X X

X X
X
X X X

X X X

LO WBM

X X X

LO WBM

X X X

LO WBM

X X X

X X X
X
X

LO
CO
SH

X X

SH

HTHP

X
X
X

X
X

LU

HS

TE

V
TH

FR

X X

WBC SU

X X

WBC SU

X X X

LO

X X X

LO

X X X

X X X

X
X

X
X

X X
X X X

X
X

LU

RDF

SH

LO

SU
LO

LU
V

FR

X
X

X X

SB

HPWB SH SB
W TE SB
LO MLCM

X X X

Boysenblue
Boysenblue

Boysenblue

WBC

CF

TH

FR

CF

X
X

TH
V
CF
CF

FR

X
X

X
X
X
X

CF

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

X X X

X X X

RDF

LO

Description
of material

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

HPHT well suspension brine to 19.3 ppg


Drill-in and completion brine to 19.3 ppg
Drill-in and completion brine to 13.1 ppg
Low-toxicity oil-based (low viscosity)
< 1% aromatic oil-based
Very Low-toxicity oil-based
Ultra low aromatic oil-based
Hematite
Barite
Dolomite
Calcium carbonate flakes
European bentonite
European bentonite
Wyoming bentonite
Mica
Nutshells
Salt
Sealant
Saltwater drilling clay
Calcium lignosulfonate
Barite, ultra fine
Pre-treated gilsonite
Surfactant wetting agent for gilsonite and
asphalts
Natural safe SH
Highly-Refined Drilling Fluid Base Oil
Olefin-Ester -0- BTEX Synthetic Base Fluid

Secondary

BHI
BHI
BHI

Synthetic based drill-in fluid


EP LU for emulsion systems
Lubricant for invert emulsion drilling fluids
Non-ionic E and secondary wetting agent
Emulsifer for synthetic drilling fluids
High-performance, anionic, synthetic polymer
Anionic E
Temp-stable, organophilic lignite used for
filtration control
Supplemental emulsifier
Wetting agent for OMNI-PACK system
ROP enhancer and anti-bit balling/accretion additive
ROP enhancerdesigned for North Sea
applications
ROP enhancer formulated for offshore use
Drill-in fluidcustomized bridging
Drill-in fluid
Low Density Drill-in Fluid
Non-fermenting API-spec starch for FR
Multi-stage composite frac plug drill-out
system
Plug Drill-Out System (Plug Lift) Friction
Reducing Additive
Plug Drill-Out System (Plug Lift) Viscosifier
Plug Drill-Out System (Plug Lift) Friction
Reducing Additive for high temps
Plug Drill-Out System (PLUG Lift) Lubricant
Plug Drill-Out Sytem (Plug Lift) H2S
Scavenger
Liquid or dry potassium formate (to 13.3 ppg)
Wellbore cleaning product for high temperature displacements
Wellbore spacer additive
Wellbore spacer additive
Viscosifier for high temperature displacements
Wellbore clean-up additive
Oil-soluble, air-blown asphalt used w/oil
Water-dispersible, air-blown asphalt for shale
stability and lubrication
FR and lubricant in HPHT water-based
applications
Liquid HEC V for non-formate brines
Viscosifier for completion fluids
Fast yielding organophilic clay for the RHEOLOGIC system
Temperature-stable organophilic clay
Viscosifier for use in invert emulsion hi-vis
sweeps
Water-dispersible, naturally-occurring
asphalt
Aluminum complex for shale stability
Liquid or dry sodium formate (to 11.0 ppg)
Flaked calcium carbonate
Graded flaked calcium carbonate for control
of lost circulation
Graded flaked calcium carbonate for control
of lost circulation
Graded flaked calcium carbonate for control
of lost circulation
Acid-soluble, high fluid loss squeeze
H2S remover/stabilizer
Sulfonated asphaltic material
Thermal insulating packer fluid (blend of
fluids and additives)
Extra-High-yield bentonite
Wetting agent
Surfactant blend to remove oil-based and
synthetic-based fluids
Surfactant blend to remove oil-based and
synthetic-based fluids
Temp. fluid-loss control agent for completion fluids
Temp. fluid-loss control agent for high density completion fluids
Water-soluble LU
Deformable sealing polymer for shale stability in the TERRA-MAX system
ROP enhancer for the TERRA-MAX system
Temp. fluid-loss control agent

Available Product
from:
tradename

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

OMNIFLOW DIF
OMNI-LUBE
OMNI-LUBE V2
OMNI-MUL
OMNI-MUL 2
OMNI-PLEX
OMNI-TEC
OMNI-TROL

Secondary

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

Secondary

Description
of material

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Available Product
from:
tradename

BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI
BHI

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Fluids 2014

BHI

Product
Function

Secondary

Recommended for
these systems

Primary

World Oils

X X

RDF

WBC SU

X X X

X X

X X X

X X X

X X X

RDF

X X X

RDF

X X X

RDF

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X
X
X X X
X
X
X X X
X X X
X X
X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X

V RDF
WBC V
X B
B
X B
TH
X B
A
FR
X X
LO MLCM

X X X

LU

TE

X X X

X X

LO

X X X

X X

LO

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X X

D
LO
LO

X X X

X X

LO

X X X

LO

LU

X X X

X X X

LO

X X X

X X X

LO

X X X

X X X

LU

X X X

LO

X X X

X X

LU

X X X

X X

LU

LU

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

WBC
WBC SU
WBC
LU

X
X X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

FR

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

P
FR

SH
V
HPHT
HPHT
FR

X X X
X X X
X X X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X X X

X
X
X

CF HPHT
CF RDF
CF RDF
LU
LU
LU
LU
W
W
W
LO
X V
FR
X V
FR
X V
FR
LO
LO
SH
LO
FR
V
LU
TH
FR
W
X
SH LU
SU

X
X
X

SH

SH LU
SB HPHT
SB HPHT

Ester Lube for Brine Water


Ester Lube for Fresh Water
Ester Lube for Fresh Water
Ester Lube for Brine Water
Ester Lube for Brine Water
ROP Rate of Penetration Enhancer
Ester Lube for Fresh Water
Ester Lube for Brine Water
Drilling Lubricant for Water Based Fluids
Drilling Lubricant for Water Based Fluids
(higher temp)
Horizontal Drilling Lubricant for "Bakken" Brines
Extreme Condition Horizontal Drilling Lubricant for "Bakken" Brines

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

World Oil/JUNE 2014F107

Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
Chemjet
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

LU

SH

SH

X X X

X X X

X CO

X X
X X

E
E

SU
SU

X
X

X X

X
X X

X X X

X X X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
V
X
FR
X
FR
X
X V
X
X V
X
A
X X X
P
X
A

FR
V
V
FR

X X X

SH

LU

CO

CO

X
X

X
X
X
X

X X
X X
X X X
X X X

LU

CA

A
X

X
X

SU

SB

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

F108JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

X X X

SH
V
SH
V
X X
LO LCM
X X X X SH LU
X
FR
V

LU
LU

FL

X
X

SH
SH

Description
of material

ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
ChemSol
Chemstar
Chemstar
Chemstar
Chemstar
Chemstar
Chemstar
Chemstar
Chemstar
Chemstar
Chemstar
Chemstar

PAC SOL R
PAC SOL THV
PAC SOL TLV
POTASSIUM CHLORIDE
SAPP
SHELL-FILL
SHELL-FILL W
SODIUM THIOCYANATE
SOLPHALT
SOLPHALT L
STARSOL CM
STARSOL M
STARSOL UN
THIN - SOL CFLS
THIN - SOL CLS
THIN - SOL FCLS
UCARCIDE
DRILSTAR HT
DRILSTAR P
DRILSTAR Y
EXSTAR
EXSTAR HT
GLUCODRIL-IN
STARLOSE
STARLOSE C-100
STARLOSE P-100
STARPAK
STARPAK DP

Chemstar

STARPAK EXTREME

Chemstar
Cinicola
Clariant
Clariant
Clariant
Clariant
Clariant
Clariant
Clariant
Clariant
Clariant
Clariant
Clariant
Clariant
Clariant

STARPAK II
ULTRAGEL 7C 90
ANTIMUSSOL FN
ANTIMUSSOL TIP
ANTIMUSSOL TW
CORRTREAT 2807
DISPERSOGEN 4362
DISPERSOGEN R5
DISSOLVAN 3252
DISSOLVAN 4411
DODIGEN 5594
DODIGEN 5594
DODILUBE 4861
DODILUBE 4940
ECOTREAT 9397

Clariant
Clariant
Clariant
Clariant
Clariant
Clariant
Clariant
Clariant
Clariant
Clariant

GENAPOL LRO
GENAPOL PF 10
HORDAPHOS MDAH
HORDAPHOS MDIT
HOSTADRILL 4706
HOSTADRILL 5448
HOSTAMER 4707
HOSTAPUR OS
HOSTAPUR OSB
HOSTMER 5487

Clariant
Clariant
Coatex
Coatex
Coatex
Coatex
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech

SURFTREAT 9167
SURFTREAT 9173
COATEX FP 100
COATEX FP 101
COATEX FP 30 S
COATEX FP 31 S
KLAY CL-II
PRODUCT 2003
PRODUCT 2008
PRODUCT 2016
PRODUCT 2047
PRODUCT 2069
PRODUCT 2077
PRODUCT 2078
PRODUCT 239
PRODUCT 269
PRODUCT 300
PRODUCT 47
PRODUCT 5014
PRODUCT 6016
PRODUCT 6050
PRODUCT 6055
PRODUCT 6064
PRODUCT 6099
PRODUCT 6172
PRODUCT 6178
PRODUCT 63
PRODUCT 7012
PRODUCT 71
SPECIAL PLUG

High-viscosity premium PAC


High-viscosity tech grade PAC
Low-viscosity tech grade PAC
Shale stability/control
Sodium acid pyrophosphate
Fine, medium, coarse, ground pecan
Fine, medium, coarse, ground walnut
Corrosion inhibitor
75% min. soluable sulfonated asphalt
30% liquid solfonated asphalt
Carboxymethyl starch
Modified yellow starch, fluid loss reducer
Natural yellow starch, fluid loss reducer
Chrome-free lignosulfonate
Chrome lignosulfonate
Ferro chrome lignosulfonate
Biocide
Pre-gel white starch
Pre-gel white potato starch
Pre-gel starch
High TE starch for brine-based fluids
V and fluid-loss control in brine, silicates
Non-ionic starch ether
Non-fermenting pre-gel starch
Non-fermenting pre-gel starch
Non-fermenting pre-gel starch
Polyionic starch ether
Hydroxyalkylated, complexed, polyionic
starch ether
Hydroxyalkylated, complexed, polyionic
starch ether for high temp.
Complexed, polyionic starch ether
Bentonite OCMA/API specs
Anti-foam - PPG-based
Defoamer - Phosphate ester
Anti-foam - biodegradable
Acid corrosion inhibitor
Dispersant/anti sludge agent
PNS type dispersant in powder form
Non-emulsifier
Non-emulsifier
Corrosion inhibitor - water-soluble
Brine corrosion inhibitor
Lubricant - fatty acid derivative
Lubricant - fatty acid derivative
Environmentally friendly OBM single
emulsifier
Foamer - Sodium laureth sulphate
Eo/po block polymer
Lubricant - phosphoric acid derivative
Lubricant - phosphoric acid derivative
Synthetic HPHT fluid loss additive
HPHT fluid loss additive
Fluid loss additive
Foamer - biodegradable liquid
Foamer - biodegradable flake
Liquid fluid loss additive and gas migration control
OBM Inverse emulsifier
Glycol blend shale inhibitor
Acrylic polymer, high temp. dispersant
High temp. dispersant for high-density muds
High temp. TH for high-density muds
High temp. TH for high-density muds
Temporary clay stabilizer
Packer fluid CO
Solid-tolerant oxygen inhibitor
Low-end rheology modifier
Water-dispersible CO
H2S scavenger
CO for high O2 environment
Atmospheric filming CO
Clay stabilizer for shale control
Foaming agent
Corrosion inhibitor
Foaming agent / resists contamination
Iron-control sequestering agent
Primary oil mud E
Oil mud primary emulsifier
Concentrated pipe-freeing material
Drilling fluid lubricant
Drilling mud surfactant
Oil mud primary/ secondary emulsifier
Temporary clay stabilizer
Corrosion inhibitor
Concentrated Defoamer
Oxygen scavenger
Fluid loss additive

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X X X
X X X
X

FR
V
FR
V
FR
V
W SH
TH
LO MLCM
LO MLCM
CO
SH FR
SH FR
E
FR SH
E
FR SH
E
FR SH
TH FR
E
TH FR
V
TH FR
E
B
V
FR SH
FR SH
FR SH
E
TE FR
E
V
FR
E
V
V
FR SH SH
FR SH SH
FR SH SH
FR SH FL

X
X
X
X
X
X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

FR

X X X

FR

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

V
FR

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

FR
V
D
D
D

X CO

X FO

X X X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X
X
X
X X X
X X X
X
X
X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X

X X

X X
X
X
X
X

X X X
X
X
X X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X
X
X
X X

X X X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X

X
X X

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

RDF

HPHT HPWB
D
D
X FO

X
X
X
X
X

Secondary

Secondary

Available Product
from:
tradename

Secondary

Secondary

Pipe on Pipe & Drilling Lubricant/Ester-Based


for WBM/OBM/SBM
Jet Lube G-EP (I, II, & III) Effective and Economical Fresh Water
Lubricant
Jet Slide 250
Pipe on Pipe, Multi-Phase Beaded Lubricant
for Coiled-Tubing
Jet Slide 750
Pipe on Pipe, Multi-Phase Beaded Lubricant
Jet Black
Shale Stabilizer/Lubricant for Water Based
Drilling Fluids
Jet Hib 5000
Hydrogen Sulfide Scavenger
Jet Hib 5049
Hydrogen Sulfide Scavenger
Jet Hib 5426
Corrosion Inhibitor
Jet Hib 5434
Jet Hib 5560
Medium to High Temp Acid Corrosion
inhibitor
Jet Hib 5431
Corrosion Inhibitor
Jet Mod Gel
Yield Point Elevating Gellant for Invert Emulsion Muds
Jet Mod LE-TA
Low End Rheology Modifier
Jet Mul 101
Primary Emulsifier for OBM
Jet Mul 102
Secondary Emulsifier for OBM
Jet Mul 111
Primary Emulsifier for SBM
Jet Mul 112
Secondary Emulsifier for SBM
Jet One Mul
All-in-One Emulsifier
Jet Floc 20-A
Environmentally Friendly Water-Base Additive
for Drill-In & Completion Fluids
Jet Floc 1980
Anionic Flocculant
Jet Floc Plus
Anionic Organic Flocculant
Jet Floc Dry
Anionic Organic Flocculant
Jet Floc Pro
Cross-Linked High Molecular Weight Cationic
Flocculant
Jet Organo Clay 300
Drilling Fluid Viscosifier for OBM
Jet Organo Clay 400
Drilling Fluid Viscosifier for SBM
Jet Trol Plus
Sulphonated Asphalt
Jet Black
Shale Stabilizer/Lubricant for Water Based
Drilling Fluids
Jet Wet 104
Wetting Agent for OBM
Jet Wet 114
Wetting Agent for SBM
Jet Thin
Thinner for Oil-Based Drilling Fluids
Jet Syn Thin
Thinner for Synthetic-Based Drilling Fluids
Jet Defoam Si
Premium Silicone Defoamer
Jet Nofoam
Premium Glycol Defoamer
Jet Nofoam A
Premium Alcohol Defoamer
Gilsocol GP
General Purpose gilsonite
Gilsocol DG
Dispersable Grade gilsonite
Super G
Extreme High Temperature gilsonite
Jet Cide 250
Gluteraldehyde-Based Organic Micro-Biocide
Jet Graphite F
Fine Amorphous Graphite
Jet Graphite M
Medium Amorphous Graphite
Jet Graphite C
Coarse Amorphous Graphite
Jet Kleen 550
Environmentally Friendly Well-Bore Cleaner
Jet Kleen 500
Rig Wash
Jet Kleen Spot
Water-Disbersible Pipe-Freeing Agent
Jet Spot
Spotting Fluid
Jet Hib 5432
Water-Soluble Oxygen Scavenger
Jet Max Concentrate KCL Substitute / Clay Stabilizer
Jet EB HT
Hi-Temp Encapsulated Breaker
Jet EB LT
Low-Temp Encapsulated Breaker
Jet Bor 11
Crosslinker / Buffer
Jet Bor 13K
Borate Crosslinker for Fracturing
Jet Buf II
pH Control Agent
Jet Drill MD
Drillling Mud Detergent
Jet Foam 35
Drilling Foamer
Jet FR 8012
Rapid Hydration Anionic Polymer
Jet Drill Beads (F&C) Polymerized Round Spheres
Jet Dym 40
Trimer Acid
Jet Dym 90
Dimer Acid
Jet Xan L
Liquid Xanthan Gum
Jet Gel 4.0
Liquid Guar Slurry
CARBOXSOL HV
High-viscosity carboxymethyl cellulose
CARBOXSOL LV
Low-viscosity carboxymethyl cellulose
CHEM SPA
Sodium polyacrylate fluid loss reducer
CHEM ZAN D
Dispersible xanthan gum
CHEM ZAN D PLUS
High purity dispersible xanthan gum
CHEMSOL CAUSTIC
Caustic soda beads, alkalinity control
CHEMSOL DRILL BEADS Polymer, ceramic, glass, drilling beads
CHEMSOL KOH
KOH, alkalinity control, potassium ion source
CHEMSOL PPG
Non-toxic glycol-based shale inhibitor and
lubricant
CHEMSOL-AS
Aluminum stearate defoamer
CHEMSOL-BICARB
Bactericide, calcium reducer, alkalinity
control
CHEMSOL-CITRIC ACID Alkalinity control, polymer stabilizer
CHEMSOL-EDTA
Chelating agent for scale removal and
stimulation
CHEMSOL-NA4
Chelating agent for scale removal and
stimulation
DYNADRILL AN
Dry PHPA
DYNADRILL L
30% liquid PHPA
FINE SEAL
Fibrous nutshell fines for seepage control
GLYSOL LUBRICANT
Enviro-safe lubricant, glycerin-based
PAC SOL LV
Low-viscosity premium PAC

Primary

Jet Lube XPG

Chemjet

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

Description
of material

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Chemjet

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Fluids 2014
Available Product
from:
tradename

Product
Function

Primary

Recommended for
these systems

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

World Oils

X
X
X

SU

TH FR
TH FR
TH HPHT
TH HPHT
SH
CO
CO
E
CO
CO
SU CO
CO SU
CO SU
SH
FO
E
CO
FO SU
SU CO
E
E
P
LU SU
SU
E
SH
CO
D
TE
FR

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
CorsiTech
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Croda
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

Fluid loss additive


Green low temperture acid inhibitor
Green high temperture acid inhibitor
Environmental friendly lubricant
Drilling mud lubricant
high performance non-emulsifier
high performance non-emulsifier
environmental friendly clay stabilizer
high performance non-emulsifier
high performance flowback aid
Friction Reducer
Scale Inhibitor
Dispersant for metal oxides, hydroxides and
carbonates
HYPERMER A-70
E for oil-based muds
HYPERMER B-246
E for oil-based muds
HYPERMER LP6
Dispersant for organics and polymers
MONA NF-10
Non-foaming alkaline cleaner
MONACOR 4000
water-soluble CO
MONACOR BE
Non-foaming water-soluble CO
MONACOR TEH
Oil soluble CO
MONALUBE 205
Lubricant
MONALUBE 215
Lubricant
MONAMID 716
Foam stabilizer
MONAMID CMA
Foamer
MONAWET MO-70
Wetting agent
MONAWET SNO-35
Salt tolerant wetting agent
MONAZOLINE CY
CO intermediate
PRIFER 6813
Environmentally friendly solvent (d-limonene
replacement)
PRIOLUBE 3986
Extreme pressure CO enhancer
SPAN 80
Oil spill dispersants
SYNPERONIC A11
Wetting agent
SYNPERONIC LF/RA 280 Low foam wetting agent
SYNPERONIC LF/RA 310 High temp. low foam wetting agent
SYNPERONIC NCA 850 Environmentally friendly low foaming wetting agent
TWEEN 80
Oil spill dispersants
TWEEN 85
Oil spill dispersants
ZEPHRYM PD 2206
Nonionic dispersant for oil-based muds
ZEPHRYM PD 7000
Cationic dispersant for water-based systems
ZEPHRYM SD 1121
Anionic dispersant for water-based systems
BIO 3
High molecular filming amine
BIO SOLV
Non-terpene displacement and pipe pickling
solvent
BLUE MAX
Surfactant surface cleaner
BP 101
Wellbore displacement solvent
BP 24
Silcone D
BP 4620
Mixture of non-ionic surfactants and solvents
BP 9125
Mixture of non-ionic surfactants
BP 9140
Mixture of non-ionic surfactants
BP 9755
Mixture of non-ionic surfactants
BP 9846
Mixture of solvents
BP PREFLUSH
Sulfonated copolymer
BP SPACER MIX
A mixture of dispersant and polymer
CEMENT RETARDER
Sodium Lignosulfonate
CFL 500 L
Cement fluid loss agent
DSC 300
Hetercyclic filming amine
DSC BF30
Thiocarbonate bactericide
DSC CIDE
Organic sulfur antimicrobial agent
DSC H.T. 450
CO to 450F
DSC INSOL
Asphaltic inhibitor and dispersant
DSC OS-50
Sulfite-based oxygen scavenger
DSC VIS
Non-ionic pure hydroxyethyl cellulose
GOLD CLEAN
Solvent/surfactant surface cleaner
GOLD FLUSH
Pipe pickling solvent and cleaner for
greases, oils
GOLD FLUSH CM
Solvent cake remover, cleaner for Cement
Spacer
GOLD FLUSH II
Wellbore displacement solvent
GOLD FLUSH II UK
OCNS E-rated solvent
GOLD FLUSH R
Solvent for riser cleaning
GOLD FLUSH SA
Solvent for open hole displacements and
perf. cleanup
GOLD FLUSH SB
Wellbore displacement additive
GOLD SURF
Water wetting surfactant
GOLD SURF 11-W
OCNS E-rated surfactant
GOLD SURF C
Non-ionic surfactant for Cement Spacer
GOLD SURF II
Wellbore displacement surfactant, cleaner
GOLD SURF S
Non-ionic surfactant for open hole displacements
GOLD VIS
Gelling agent for all GOLD FLUSH solvents
HEC LINEAR GEL E
OCNS E-rated liquid HEC
HYDRO MAG
pH buffer for fresh and brine waters
KO 1200
Water-soluble zinc chelate for H2S
LIQUID GUAR E
Liquid V using unmodified guar
LIQUID XA-E POLYMER Liquid polymer
PINK POWER
Surfactant surface cleaner
SI 120
Prevents deposition of alkaline earth
metal scales

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X X X
X X X
X X
X X
X
X
X
X
X

X X

X
X
X X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X X

X
X
X

X
X SU
X X
SU
D
X X
SU
X X
SU
X X
SU
X X
SU
X X
SU
TH
TH
TH
FR
CO
B
B
CO
SU
CO
V
X X
SU

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X

X
X X

X
X

X
X

X
X

X X X

X X X

SU

X X X

X X

SU

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X X X
X X X
X X

SU
SU
SU

X X X

X X X

SU

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

SU
SU
SU
SU
SU

X X X

SU

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X X

X
X

X
X
X
X

A biodegradable lubricants
A blend of biodegradable lubricants
A blend of natural fibers
Organically modified clays
Polyanionic cellulose polymer
Selectively sixed pecan shells
Water-soluble copolymer

X
X

Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South

Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South

Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Dow
Dow
Dow
Dow
Dow
Dow
Dow
Dow
Dow
Dow
Dow
Dow
Dow

FR

Dow
Dow
Dow
Dow
Drill. Spec.
Drill. Spec.
Drill. Spec.
Drill. Spec.
Drill. Spec.
Drill. Spec.
Drill. Spec.
Drill. Spec.
Drill. Spec.
Drill. Spec.
Drill. Spec.
Drill. Spec.
Drill. Spec.

X X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

X X X
X
X X X
X X X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X X
X

V
V
A
SU
V
V
SU
SU

SU
FR

Drill. Spec.

FR

Drill. Spec.
Drill. Spec.
Drill. Spec.
Drill. Spec.
Drill. Spec.

SPACER VIS
SUNCO FIBER S
SUNCO GRAPHITE
SUNCO GRAPHITE
COARSE FLAKE
SUNCO LIGNITE
SUNCO LINGO
SUNCO LINGO CF
SUNCO LIQUID
GRAPHITE
SUNCO LUBE
SUNCO LUBE 100
SUNCO OBM-LCM
SUNCO ORGANOCLAY
SUNCO PAC
SUNCO PECAN SHELLS
SUNCO POLYACRYLATE
THINNER
SUNCO POMA SEAL
SUNCO PRESERVED
STARCH
SUNCO SEAL
SUNCO SHIELD
SUNCO SI
SUNCO SPOT (DRY)
SACK FISHING TOOL
TYPE
SUNCO SPOT (LIQUID)
SUNCO SQUEEZE
SUNCO SULPHONATED
ASPHALT
SUNCO SULPHONATED
ASPHALT (LIQUID)
SUNCO TAN THIN
SUNCO TAN THIN CF
SUNCO UNTREATED
GILSONITE
SUNCO VARISEAL
SUNCO WALNUT SHELL
SUNCO WHITE STARCH
SUNCO XANTHAN GUM
SUNCO XANTHAN GUM
(TECH GRADE)
SUNCO YELLOW
STARCH
SUPER HOT STUFF
WD-24
WELL WASH I

X X X
X X X

V
LO
LO

X X X

X X X

LO

X X X
X X X
X X X

X X X
X
X

FR HPHT
TH FR
TH FR

X X X

LU

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X

X
X

X
X

X
X X X

X X X

LU
LU
LO
V
V
LO

A blend of plant fibers and carbon


Potato starch

X X X

X X X

LO

FR

A selectively sized carbonaceous material


Polyols blend of surfactants
Liquid gilsonite
A blend of emulsifiers

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X X
X

X X X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X

P
LO

X X X

SH

FR

X X X

SH

FR

Chrome-activated tannin
Chrome-free tannin
Naturally hydrocarbon resin

X
X

X
X

X
X

X
X

TH
TH

A blend of lost circulation additives


Lost circulation additive
A gelatinized corn starch
A Biopolymer
A Biopolymer

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X

X X X

SU

X X X

X X X

SU

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

Oil-based fluid
Diatomaceous earth-based fiber
Sulphonated asphalt
Aqueous sulphonated asphalt

A gelainized corn starch

Surfactant surface cleaner


Silcone D
Surfactant and mixed alcohol, water-based
dispacement
WELL WASH II
Surfactant and solvent for wellbore displacement
ALKATERGE
Cationic surfactant
ANTISOL FL 30,000
High-viscosity polyanionic cellulose
CARBITOL
Glycol ether solvents
CARBOWAX PEG-400 Polyethylene glycol
CARBOWAX PEG-600 Polyethylene glycol
CELLOSIZE HEC-10
Hydroxyethyl cellulose
CELLOSIZE HEC-10HV Hydroxyethyl cellulose
CELLOSIZE HEC-25
Hydroxyethyl cellulose
CELLOSIZE HEC-25HV Hydroxyethyl cellulose
CELLOSOLVE
Glycol ether solvents
DOWANOL
Glycol ether solvents
DOWFAX
Anionic surfactants
EMBARK RHEOLOGY
Biopolymer
MODIFIER 160
TERGITOL
Non-ionic surfactants
TRITON
Anionic surfactants
TRITON
Non-ionic surfactants
UCON FLUIDS
Polyglycols
CLARIZAN
Clarified xanthan gum biopolymer
DSCO DEFOAM
Liquid defoamer
DESCO CF DEFLOCOrganic mud thinner
CULANT
DESCO CF DEFLOCOrganic mud thinner
CULANT II
DESCO DEFLOCCULANT Organic mud thinner
DIASEAL M LCM
Blended high-solids squeeze materials
DRILL PAC HV
Purified polyanionic cellulose
DRILL PAC LV
Purified polyanionic cellulose
DRILL-THIN THINNER Chrome-free tannin mud conditioner
DRILLZAN D BIOXanthan gum biopolymer
POLYMER
DRISCAL D POLYMER Synthetic polymer for HPHT filtrate control
DRISPAC LIQUID
Liquid polyanionic cellulose
POLYMER
DRISPAC PLUS REG
Polyanionic cellulose polymer self dispersing
POLYMER
DRISPAC PLUS
Polyanionic cellulose polymer self dispersing
SUPERLO POLYMER
DRISPAC REGULAR
Polyanionic regular viscosity polymer
DRISPAC SUPERLO
Polyanionic low viscosity cellulose polymer
DRISTEMP POLYMER Synthetic polymer LV for HPHT control
DYNARED FIBER
Seepage loss additve and loss circulation
COARSE
additive
DYNARED FIBER FINE Seepage loss additve and loss circulation
additive

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

X X
X X

X
X

X X

FR

X X X
X X X
X

LO
LO
FR
V
V

FR

X X

SU
D

X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

TE
LU
V

LU
LU SH
HPHT SH HPHT

X
X

Secondary

X
X
X

Deep South
Deep South
Deep South

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Secondary

Secondary
CO
CO

SU

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

Deep South
Deep South

SU

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X X

SU

TH

SU
SU
TH
TH
TH
CO

X
X
X

X X

An amine treated lignite


A ferro-chrome activated lignosulphonate
A chrome free lignosulphonate powder
Aqueous dispersion of graphite

Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South

Deep South
Deep South
Deep South

X X
X

X X
X X X
X X X

CO
SU
SU
SU
SU

X
X
X

X
X X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

Deep South

X
X

Polymer
A blend of three fibers
A amporphous graphite
A amporphous graphite

SU

X
X
X

Deep South
Deep South
Deep South
Deep South

X X
X X
X X
X
X

FR
CO
CO
LU
LU
SU
SU
X SH
X SU
X E
X
X

Description
of material

X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X

Available Product
from:
tradename

E
E
TH
SU
CO
CO
CO
LU
LU
SU
SU
SU
SU
CO

X
X

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Description
of material

SPECIAL SEAL
X-Corr LT
X-Corr HT
Torq Free EF
Torq Free HD
X-Mul AP
X-Mul HD
Klay Safe CC
Product 1203
Product 6191
Flo Free SW
Product 8086
ALTOX LP1

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Fluids 2014
Available Product
from:
tradename

Product
Function

Secondary

Recommended for
these systems

Primary

World Oils

HPHT

TE

SH

E
V
WBC
WBC
WBC
V
V
V
V
WBC
WBC
X SU

L
FR
TH
TH
TH
RDF
RDF
RDF
RDF
TH
TH
FO

X X

CF
CF
CF
CF

E
V
E

RDF

CF

X X X X SU
X SU
X X X X SU
LU
X
X V
X
D

E
FO
E
SH
FR
FR

LU
FR
FR
CF
SH

X X X

TH

TE

SH

X X X

TH

TE

SH

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
TH
X X X
MLCM
X
X FR
X
X FR
X
TH

TE
LO
V
FR
TE

FR

X X X

FR

SH

X X X

X HPHT FR

SH

X X X

X FR

SH

X X X

X FR

SH

X X X

X FR

SH

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X

X FR
V
X FR SH
X HPHP FR

X X X

X X X X LO

FR

X X X

X X X X LO

FR

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

V
SH
SH

SH
SH
SH

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

World Oil/JUNE 2014F109

Drill. Spec.
Drill. Spec.
Drill. Spec.
Drillchem
Drillchem
Drillchem
Drillchem
Drillchem
Drillchem
Drillchem
Drillchem
Drillchem
Drillsafe
Drillsafe
Drillsafe
Drillsafe
Drillsafe
Drillsafe
Drillsafe
Drillsafe
DSC
DSC
DSC
DSC
DSC
DSC
DSC
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

X X X

X X X X LO

FR

LU

X X X

X X X X LO

FR

LU

X X X LO

FR

SH

FR

LU

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X

X
X

V
V

FR
FR

WBC
WBC

X X X

X FR

CF

Liquid xanthan gum biopolymer


Liquid Synthetic polymer for friction
reduction
Pure HEC in non-setting Liquid suspension
Synthetic water-soluble copolymer
Synthetic water-soluble copolymer
Synthetic water-soluble copolymer
Synthetic water-soluble copolymer
Pure HEC in non-setting Liquid suspension
Synthetic water-soluble copolymer

X X X

FR

WBC

X X X

X LU

FR

CF

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X V
X V
X LU
X V
X HTHP
X V

FR CF
FR CF
FR WBC
FR HPHT
FR SH
FR

X X X

X LU

FR

TE

Sulfonated residum
Sulfonated residum

X X X

X X X X SH

FR

LU

X X X

X X X X SH

FR

LU

X X X

X X X X LO

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X X X LO

X X X

X X X X LO

X X X

X X X

LO MLCM

X X X

X X X

LO

LO

X X X

X X X

LO

LO

X X

FR

LU

LU

SH

SH
SH
SU

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X

FR

SH

X X X

X X X X MLCM LO

FR

X X X

X X X X LO

SH

X X X

X X X X LU

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X X
X X X X
X X X X
X
X
X X
X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X LU

X
X
X
X

X X
X
X
X X
X
X X
X X
X X
X X

FL
FL

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X

X
X

X
X X X

X
X

X
X

X X
X X

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

F110JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

LU SH
LO FR
LO FR
B
B
CO
D
SU
FR
V
LU TH
FR
V
FR
V
V
SH
LU
P
SH
LO MLCM
SH FR
TH TE

V
SH
SH
X
SU
X
TH
X
SU
X
X D
X
FR
X X X
FR
X
FR
X X X
LO
X X
V
X X X
SU
X FO
P
X
SH
X
SH
X
SH
X
FR
X X
V
X X
E
X
FR
X
SH
X
V
X
FR
X
FR
X
V
SH
SH

SU
SH
FL
SH

FR
SH
SH

LU
A
BR

CF
A
LU
LU
LU
TH

SH
FR
FR
SH
V
FR
V
V

FL
FL

Description
of material

Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Ecofluids
Elementis
Elementis
Elementis
Elementis
Elementis
Elementis
Elementis
Elementis
Elementis
Elementis
Elementis
Elementis
Elementis

ECOSFT
ECOSPERSE
ECOSTARCH
ECOSTARCH W
ECOSTARCH-HT
ECOSTARCH-M
ECOSTARCH-P
ECOSULFONATE
ECOTEX
ECOTHIN-E
ECO-VIS-HT
ECOWET
EF-100N
GUMBOTROL
K-SUB
MUD-SAVE F
MUD-SAVE M
MUD-SAVE SF
PAC-LV
PAC-R
STRATA DRILL
STRATA DRILL CF
STRATABEADS
STRATALUBE
STRATASEAL
SUPERALL
VULCATROL
BENTONE 128
BENTONE 150
BENTONE 155
BENTONE 160
BENTONE 34
BENTONE 38
BENTONE 42
BENTONE 905
BENTONE 910
BENTONE 920
BENTONE 990
BENTONE CT
THIXATROL D45

Elementis
Elementis

THIXATROL DW
THIXATROL DW50

Elementis

THIXATROL DW100

Elkem

ESM D2

Elkem
Elkem
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC

MICRODENSE
MICROMAX
BIOPOLY-E
BIOPOLY-K
BLACK SHALE
BRINE VIS
EMEC BAR
EMEC Bridge
EMEC BUF
EMEC BU Latex
EMEC CARB
EMEC CIDE-L
EMEC CIDE-P
EMEC CMC-HV
EMEC CMC-LV
EMEC COAT-B
EMEC COAT-D
EMEC CON
EMEC DETERGENT
EMEC DISPERSANT
EMEC ECOSAFE-E
EMEC ECOSAFE-O
EMEC FLC (HT)
EMEC GEL
EMEC LIG
EMEC LUBE
EMEC MIL
EMEC MUL
EMEC MUL NT
EMEC NO FOAM
EMEC PAC-R
EMEC PAC-SL
EMEC RESIN
EMEC SEAL
EMEC SOAK O
EMEC SOAK W
EMEC SPOT
EMEC SURF
EMEC TEX
EMEC TEX-A

Spotting additive
Oil mud thinner
Pre-gelatinized starch
Pre-gelatinized starch
Pre-gelatinized starch high temp.
Pre-gelatinized starch medium temp.
Pre-gelatinized starch
High temp. thinner
Sulfonated asphalt
High temp. thinner
HPHT viscosifying polymer
Secondary emulsifier
Glycerol inhibitor
Gumbo inhibitor
KCL substitute/inhibitor
Thermoset rubber LCM (10100 mesh)
Thermoset rubber LCM (620 mesh)
Thermoset rubber seepage loss additive
Filtrate reducer
Filtrate reducer
Amine-based clay inhibitor
Organic salt-based clay inhibitor
Glass beads mechanic lubricant
Glycol-based high performance lubricant
Specialty LCM
OB cutting treatment agent
HPHT filtration control polymer
Easy-dispersing organo-bentonite
Rapid, high-yielding organo-bentonite
High-yielding mud plant organo-bentonite
Vegetable oil-based fluid
Organo-bentonite
Organo-hectorite high temp.
Organo-hectorite ultra high temp.
Economy organo-bentonite
Economy organo-bentonite
Economy, easy-dispersing organo-bentonite
Amino-attapulgite suspending agent
Specialty hectorite
Polymeric flat RA for land LSRR and ECD
control
Polymeric deep water
Polymeric flat RA for deep water and
ECD control
Biodegradable (OECD 306 - 43%) polymeric
flat rheology modifier for deep water and
ECD control
Deflocculant/stabiliser especially for
HPHT app's
Microfine weighting material
Ultrafine weighting material
Xanthan biopolymer
Xanthan biopolymer
Sized gilsonite, glycol, surfactant blend
Hydroxyethyl Cellulose
Barium Sulfate (API specs)
Resin-based bridging material
pH buffer for solids water-based muds
Styrene Butadiene Latex
Calcium Carbonate; acid soluble
Liquid biocide, preservative
Powder biocide, preservative
Pure grade high viscosity polymer
Pure grade low-viscosity polymer
Amine-based corrosion inhibitor
Amine-based corrosion inhibitor
Secondary emulsifier
Sulphurized Tall Oil
Surfactant rig wash dispersant
Ester-based alternative for mineral oil
Olefin-based alternative for mineral oil
Modified anionic polymer
OCMA Bentonite
Causticized lignite
Lubricant for water-based fluids
MMH viscosifier
Primary emulsifier
Low toxicity primary emulsifier
Alcohol-based defoamer
Polyanionic cellulose; high viscosity
Polyanionic cellulose; low viscosity
Hi-Temp synthetic resin
Granular flakes and fibrous material (F,M,C)
Solvent and surfactant wash
Soaking agent for removing filter cake
Alcohol-based pipe freeing agent
Blend of SU for enhanced ROP
Modified asphalt, gilsonite and lignite
Sulfonated asphaltite

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

X X X

P
TH
V
V
V
V
V
TH
FR
TH
V
E
SH
SH
CF
LO
LO
LO
FR
FR
HS
HS
LU
LU
LO
SU
FR
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V

X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X X X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X X

X X
X X
X X

X X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X X

X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

FR
FR
FR
FR
FR
TE
SH
TE
FR

Secondary

X
X

Loss prevention material for wellbore


strengthening
TORQUE-SEAL ADDITIVE Lost circulation material for casing and
horizontal drilling
WELL-SEAL LCM
Lost circulation material for oil and gas
COARSE
drilling
WELL-SEAL LCM FINE Lost circulation material for oil and gas
drilling
WELL-SEAL LCM
Lost circulation material for oil and gas
MEDIUM
drilling
DRILL-SURE OBM
Filtrate control & torque & drag reducer
ADDITIVE
SHALE-X
Sulfonated asphaltite blend
HYDROFORCE
Shale Control Additive
SURF-COAT
Surface Active Agent
BLOCKADE
High Solids/ High Fluid Loss LCM squeeze,
"Squeeze-While-Drilling"
COMBAT
Sealant and FCS enhancer
DRILL-BEADS
Drill pipe and casing lubricant in horizontal
wells
DRILL-LUBE
EP lubricant
F.I.T.
Sealant and FCS enhancer
FIRST STRIKE
Sealant and FCS enhancer
DSB-200
Biodegradable biocide
DSB-301
Water-soluble, biodegradable biocide
MULTI-DF
Fresh and saltwater D
MULTIDRILL
Modified starch polymer
MULTILUBE B
Non-toxic, biodegradable LU
MULTIMAG
Modified (magnesium) starch polymer
MULTISAL
Carboxymethylated polymer
MULTIVIS S
High MW polysaccharidic polymer
BOREASE
Lubricant - non-damaging; non-hydrocarbon
HIBEASE
Inhibitor - replaces KCl f/inhibition
SEALEASE
LCM - proprietary blend of LCM
SHALEASE
Shale stabilizer and inhibitor
THINEASE
Blended deflocculant/dispersant
TORKEASE
Lubricant - non-damaging; temp. stable
(>600F)
VISCEASE
Viscosifier/flocculant - hole sweep
CLAYDRILL
Non-Ionic floccculant
CLAYKILL
Low molecular weight shale inhibitor
DRILLFAST
Penetration enhancer
ECOCFL-II
Dispersant chrome free lignosulfonate
ECO-DD
Drilling detergent
ECO-DEFOAM-X
Defoamer
ECODRILL
High temp. filtrate reducer
ECOFCG II
Gilsonite filtrate reducer
ECOFCL
Amine lignite filtrate reducer
ECOFIBER
Cellulose fiber (<100 mesh)
ECOFLO
Xantham gum
ECOFLUID
Well wash
ECOFOAM G
Foaming agent
ECOFREE
Spotting fluid
ECOGLYCOL-H
HMW lubricant/shale inhibitor
ECOGLYCOL-L
LMW lubricant/shale inhibitor
ECOGLYCOL-P
Lubricant/shale inhibitor
ECOLIG
Lignite
ECOMOD
Viscosifier
ECOMUL
Primary emulsifier
ECONEX
Resin-based filtrate reducer
ECONITE
Liquid gilsonite
ECO-OBGEL
Organophilic clay
ECOPAC LV
Polyanionic cellulose
ECOPAC R
Polyanionic cellulose
ECO-PBGEL
Organophilic clay
ECO-PHPA
PHPA
ECO-PHPA-L
PHPA liquid

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

Available Product
from:
tradename

Secondary

Seepage loss additve and loss circulation


additive
Seepage loss/lost circulation additive for
oil-based muds
Seepage loss/lost circulation additive for
oil-based muds
Seepage loss/lost circulation additive for
oil-based muds
Xanthan gum biopolymer
Liquid xanthan gum biopolymer
Liquid polyanionic cellulose

Secondary

Drill. Spec. DYNARED FIBER


MEDIUM
Drill. Spec. DYNA-SEAL OBM
FIBER FINE
Drill. Spec. DYNA-SEAL OBM FIBER
ULTRA FINE
Drill. Spec. DYNA-SEAL OBM FIBER
MEDIUM
Drill. Spec. FLOWZAN BIOPOLYMER
Drill. Spec. FLOWZAN LIQUID
Drill. Spec. GREENBASE DRISPAC
POLYMER
Drill. Spec. GREENBASE FLOWZAN
Drill. Spec. GREENBASE HE 150
POLYMER
Drill. Spec. GREENBASE HEC
Drill. Spec. HE-100 POLYMER
Drill. Spec. HE-150 POLYMER
Drill. Spec. HE-300 POLYMER
Drill. Spec. HE-400 POLYMER
Drill. Spec. HEC LIQUID
Drill. Spec. LIQUID HE-150
POLYMER
Drill. Spec. SOLTEX ADDITIVE
Drill. Spec. SOLTEX ADDDITIVE
POTASSIUM
Drill. Spec. SURE-SEAL LPM

Secondary

Description
of material

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Fluids 2014

Drill. Spec.

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Available Product
from:
tradename

Drill. Spec.

Product
Function

Primary

Recommended for
these systems

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

World Oils

TE

LU
SH

SH
V
SH
SH
TE

BR
V

FR

X X

X X

X X

V
TH

X X
X X
X
X
X X
X
X X
X

X
X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X
X
X
X X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X X
X X
X
X X X
X
X
X
X

W
W
V
V
SH
V
W
LO
A
SH
LO
B
B
FR
FR
CO
CO
E
LU
SU
SB
SB
FR
V
TH
LU
V
E
E
FO
FR
FR
FR
LO
WBC
WBC
P
SU
SH
SH

TE
LU

FR
FR
FR
FR
W

SH

V
SH

SU

FR
WBC

FR
FR

TE
TE

SH
FR
FR

SH
LU
TH

V
SH
TE
SH
LU
LU
LU
FR
FR

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

Ester carrier fluid


Ester carrier fluid
Green solvent, cleaner
Ester carrier fluid
Ester carrier fluid
HT Emulsifier, environmental friendly
Primary emulsifier
Surfactant, wetting agent
Cleaner
Cleaner, environmental friendly
Cleaner, microemulsion
Cleaner
Rheology modifier
Viscosity improver
Dispersant
Laminate LCM
Synthetic hole cleaning agent
Catalyzed friction reducer
Rapid filtration loss circulation pill
Bentonite-base grout
High M. W., V & shale inhibitor
Oil mud E
Oil mud E & oil wetting agent
Non-asphaltic high temp. fluid loss additive
Oil-base viscosifier
Oil wetting surfactant
Asphaltic fluid-loss additive
Liquid deflocculant-TH
Polymer LO bridge
Sized carbonate drill-in fluid

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X X X

X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

TH
V
FR
FR
W
V
V
W
SU
SU
FR
FR
TH
TH
FR
LO
LU
CO
CO
FR
TH
FR
D
CO
CO
LO
A
D
V
FR
FR
LU
FR
FR
B
CO
FL
WBC
CO
CO
P
P
WBC
V
SH
SH
LO
FR
E
V
LU

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X
X X
X X
X X

X X

X X

X X

X X
X X
X X

X X

X X
X X
X X

X
X
X X X

GPC

SU
FR
E
E

TH
TH

FR
FR
LO

SH

Gumpro
FR
RDF RDF
TE
TE
FR

RDF

FR
RDF
RDF

WBC
SU

FR
FR
SU
FR
V
V

Gumpro

LU

Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro

X
X
X X
X
X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X X X
X X

E
SU
SU
X X
SU
X X
SU
X X
SU
X X
V
X X
V
X X
TH
X X X
MLCM
X X X X WBC
X
LU
X X X
LO
LO
V
X
E
X
E
X
FR
X
V
X
E
X
FR
TH
X
X
LO
X
FR

Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro

FR
FR

LU
LU

GPC
GPC
GPC
GPC
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro

Gumpro

FR
E
LO
LO
FR

SH
FR
FR
TE
SU
SU
FR
V

TE

FL
SH
SH
SH

Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro

Description
of material

CONTROL 1920

Deflocculant, calcium-control agent for


lime muds
Natural white starch
Flash dried white starch
Liquid alkaline potassium starch polymer
Derivatized crosslinked starch
Drilling Mud Corrosion Inhibitor
Film Forming Organic Amine
Organophosporus compound
Oxygen Scavenger
Liquid Oxygen Scavenger Sulphur Free
Corrosion Inhibitor for Heavy Brine
H2S Scavenger
Stearate Based Solid Defoamer
Alcoholic Defoamer
Glycol Based Defoamer
Silicon Based Liquid Defoamer
Poly Anionic Cellulose Low-viscosity
tech. Grade
GEL PAC RG
Poly Anionic Cellulose high-viscosity
tech. Grade
GEL CMC LV
Carboxy Methyl Cellulose Low viscosity
GEL CMC HV
Carboxy Methyl Cellulose, High viscosity
GEL STARCH CM
Carboxy Methylated Starch
GEL LIGNITE
Powdered Lignite
GEL RX
Lignite Polymer
GEL STARCH HT
High Temperature Pregel Starch
GEL STARCH
Pregel Starch
GELTEX CP
Biodegradable Polysaccharide
GEL HEC
Hydroxy ethyl cellulose
GEL ZAN
Xanthan Gum
GEL BEN
API Grade Bentonite
GEL LC SEAL T
Treated Fibres for OBM
GEL-LC-SEAL
Micronised Cell Fiber
GEL CHIPS
Marble Chips
GEL MICA
Muscovite Mica
GEL-K-SEAL
Blend of Fibers, Granules and Flakes
GEL CARB
Ground Lime Stone
SUREPILL
Non Damaging Polymeric Plug
THERMOGEL
Non Damaging Polymeric Plug
GEL NUT PLUG
Walnut Shells
GEL SEAL M
High Loss Plug
GEL FLAKE
Flaked Calcium Carbonate
GEL SS 20
Non Invading Fluid Additive
GEL SORB
Polymeric Plug
GEL-ASPHATEX
Sulphonated Asphalt
GEL CPG LC
Polyglycol - Low Salinity Cloud Point Glycol
GEL CPG MC
Polyglycol - Medium Salinity Cloud Point
Glycol
GEL CPG HC
Polyglycol - High Salinity Cloud Point Glycol
GEL PA
Polyamine Based Shale Inhibitor
GEL PHPA
Partially Hydrolysed Polyacrylamide
GEL PHPA L
Partially Hydrolysed Polyacrylamide Liquid
GEL FREE W
Environmental Friendly Weighted Spotting Fluid
GEL FREE N/W
Environmental Friendly Non-Weighted
Spotting Fluid
GEL BAR
Baryte
GEL LIG
Processed Lignite
GEL CR
Chrome Lignite
GEL CFD
Chrome Free Deflocculant
GEL HT THIN
Polymeric Deflocculant for High Temperature
GEL THIN- W
Polymeric Deflocculant
GEL K LIG
Potassium lignite
GEL RIG WASH
Tank Cleaner
GEL DET
Mud Detergent
GEL EP TORQUE
Environmentally friendly Universal EP
REDUCER
lubricant
GEL SIL EPL
Environmentally friendly LU for silicate
mud system
GEL EBL
Esterified Lubricant
GEL LUBE
Environmentally friendly Universal Lubricant
GEL BIO AM
Amine Based Biocide
GEL CIDE
EPA Approved Biocide
GEL BIO AL
25% Glutaraldehyde
SODIUM CHLORIDE
Sodium Chloride
CALCIUM CHLORIDE
Calcium Chloride
SODIUM BROMIDE
Sodium Bromide
CALCIUM BROMIDE
Calcium Bromide
ZINC BROMIDE
Zinc Bromide
POTASSIUM FORMATE Potassium Formate
SODIUM FORMATE
Sodium Formate
CESIUM FORMATE
Cesium Formate
GEL SOLV
Solvent Based OBM Cleanup
GEL SURF
Surfactant for casing cleaning
GEL CLAY
Organo clay
GEL MOD
Rheology Modifier
GEL MUL Ai1
Primary Emulsifier and Wetting Agents and
Rheology Modifier
GEL MUL Ai1 HT
High Temperature Primary Emulsifier and
Wetting Agents and Rheology Modifiers
CONTROL I-100
CONTROL I-10F
CONTROL I-166
CONTROL I-99F
GEL CI
GEL CI- A
GEL CI -P
GEL NOX
GEL NOX SF
GEL HIB
Zinc Carbonate
GEL DEFOAM S
GEL DEFOAM A
GEL DEFOAM G
GEL DEFOAM S
GEL PAC LV

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X X
X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

Secondary

X
X
X
X
X X
X
X
X X
X

Available Product
from:
tradename

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Oil-based mud thinner


Low-end rheological modifier
Asphaltic additive for FR
Non-asphaltic additive for FR
Micronized Barite
Organophilic clay
Organophilic clay for low-toxicity oil mud
Iron Oxide (Hematite)
Wetting agent for oil-based fluids
Low toxicity wetting agent
Pregelatinized starch
Non-fermenting starch
Chrome-free lignosulfonate
Ferro-chrome lignosulfonate
High melting point resin
Blended fiber, granule, platelet LCM
Extreme-pressure lubricant
Zinc Carbonate H2S scavenger liquid
Zinc Carbonate H2S scavenger powder
Modified organic polymer
Deflocculant for Potassium-based fluids
Polymer/bridging particle blend
Deafoamer for water-based fluids
Liquid bisulfite oxygen scavenger
Powder sulfite oxygen scavenger
Sized Calcarb bridging material
Magnesium Oxide buffering agent
Alcohol-based defoamer
Thixatropic biopolymer
Fermentation resistant starch
HEC viscosifier
Spherical polymer beads
Fermentation resistant starch
Hi-Temp non-fermenting starch
Aldehyde-based biocide
Non-toxic corrosion inhibitor
Flocculant for improved productivity
Solvent/Surfactant blend
Liquid H2S scavenger
Sulfite-based oxygen scavenger
Surfactant-based pipe-freeing agent
Surfactant-based pipe-freeing agent
Surfactant/Solvent blend for WBC
Attapulgite clay viscosifier
PHPA liquid shale stabilizer
PHPA powder shale stabilizer
Cellulose fiber LCM
Asphaltic resin for filtration control
Emulsifier
Wyoming Bentonite
Lubricant
Lubricant
Lubricant
Lubricant
Lubricant

Secondary

EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
EMEC
Emery
Emery
Emery
Emery
Emery

Secondary

Description
of material

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Fluids 2014

Emery
Emery
Emery
Emery
Emery
Emery
Emery
Emery
Emery
Emery
Emery
Emery
Emery
Emery
Emery
Forta
Forta
GEO
GEO
GEO
GEO
GEO
GEO
GEO
GEO
GEO
GEO
GEO
GEO
GEO

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Available Product
from:
tradename
EMEC THIN
EMEC THIX
EMEC TONE
EMEC TONE II
EMEC TRUE WATE
EMEC VIS
EMEC VIS II
EMEC WATE
EMEC WET
EMEC WET NT
EMELOY
EMELOY NF
FC-10
FC-8
FLR-170
FRAC SEAL
HP LUBE
HSS-L
HSS-P
HT POLYMER
POTASSIUM LIGNITE
MAGIC SEAL
NO FOAM
OSL
OSP
PERM BRIDGE
PERM BUF
PERM DEFOAMER
PERM DRILL
PERM SEAL
PERM VIS
POLYBEADS
POLYTREX
POLYTREX-HT
SAFE CIDE
SAFE COR
SAFE FLOC
SAFE HOLE CLEAN
SAFE H-SCAV
SAFE O-SCAV
SAFE SPOT
SAFE SPOT (W)
SAFE SURF
SALTKLAY
SHALE DRILL-L
SHALE DRILL-P
STRATA HEAL
TONE 400
TRUE OIL EMULSIFIER
WATER GEL
DEHYLUB 1037
DEHYLUB 1316
DEHYLUB 1324
DEHYLUB 1757
TERRADRIL 1407 /
DEHYLUB 639 W
OMC 1000
OMC 1049
OMC 1199
OMC 233
OMC 586 XL
TERRADRIL EM 1120
TERRADRIL EM 392
TERRADRIL O 10
TERRADRIL S 1053
TERRADRIL S 1118
TERRADRIL S 1310
TERRADRIL S 853 B
TERRADRIL V 1075
TERRADRIL V 300
TERRADRIL V 988
PHENO SEAL
SUPER SWEEP
CFR
GEO STOP LOSS
HOLE PAK
LP 701
MUL I
MUL II
MUL TEMP
MUL THIK
MUL TREAT
MUL TROL
OMNIPOL II
POLYBLOC
POLYCARB

Product
Function

Secondary

Recommended for
these systems

TH

SH

SH

FL
FL
FL
FL
CO
X CO
X CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
D
D
D
D

V
V
A
V

Primary

World Oils

CF
CF
CF

X X X

FR

SH

LU

X X X

FR

SH

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X X
X X

X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X
X
X
X

X
X

X X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

SH

LU

FR

LU

FR

X
X
X

SH
SH
X SH
X SH

FR
V

FL
LU

X X X

X X X

X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X

X X X

X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

FR SH LU
FR
V
SH
FR
FR TH
X
FR TE TH
X
FR
V
X
FR
V
X
V
X
V
X
X V
FR
V
FR LU
X X
LO MLCM
X
LO
X X X
LO
X X X
LO
X X X
LO
X X X
LO FR RDF
X X X
LO
X X X
LO
X X X
LO
X
LO
X X X
LO
X X X
LO MLCM
X
LO MLCM
X
SH FR
SH FR LU

X
X
X
X
X

W
TH
TH
TH
TH
TH
TH
X X X X SU
X SU

X X

X X X

LU

X X

LU

X X
X
X X
X X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X X
LU
X X X LU
X
B
X
B
B
CF
CF
CF
CF
CF
CF

X
X
X
X

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

X
X
X
X

CF
WBC
WBC
V
V

X X

X X

LO
FR

TE
TE
SH

FR
FR

LU

RDF
RDF
RDF
RDF
RDF
RDF

HPHT
HPHT
HPHT
HPHT
HPHT
HPHT

RDF HPHT
SU
FR HPHT
HPHT
FR
HPHT FR

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

World Oil/JUNE 2014F111

Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Hychem
Ibex
Ibex
Ibex
Ibex
Ibex
Ibex
Ibex
Ibex
Ibex
Ibex
Ibex
Ibex
Ibex
Ibex
Ibex
Ibex
Ibex
Ibex
Ibex
Ibex
Impact
Impact
Impact
Impact
Impact
Impact
Impact
Impact
Impact
Impact
Impact
Impact
Impact
Integrity
Integrity
Integrity
Integrity
Integrity

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

Concentrated Primary Emulsifier


Secondary Emulsifier and Wetting Agents
Primary Wetting Agent and Emulsifier
Gilsonite
High Softening Point Gilsonite
Polymeric Fluid Loss Reducer
High Temperature Liquid Fluid Loss Reducer
Aminated lignite
OBM Thinner
Baryte Suspender for SOBM
Spotting Fluid for SBM/OBM Mud
Solid Free Viscosifier
Modified Starch
Sized Ground Marble
Non Damaging Lubricant
pH Buffering Agent
Crosslinked polyacrylamide, liquid, super
absorbant
HYPERDRILL AD 859 50% active, dispersion PHPA shale inhibitor
HYPERDRILL AE 843
Anionic total flocculant emulsion
HYPERDRILL AE 853
Emulsion PHPA shale inhibitor
HYPERDRILL AE 856
LMW emulsion PHPA shale inhibitor
HYPERDRILL AE 974
Oil mud viscosifier
HYPERDRILL AF 204
Anionic total flocculant powder
HYPERDRILL AF 204 RD Dispersible anionic total flocculant powder
HYPERDRILL AF 207
Anionic PHPA shale inhibitor powder
HYPERDRILL AF 207RD Dispersible anionic PHPA shale inhibitor
powder
HYPERDRILL AF 247
LMW PHPA shale inhibitor powder
HYPERDRILL AF 247 RD LMW dispersible PHPA shale inhibitor powder
HYPERDRILL AF 249
HPHT fluid loss additive in powder form
HYPERDRILL AF 250
Dry sodium polyacrylate fluid loss additive
HYPERDRILL AF 251
Dry polyacrylate bentonite extender
HYPERDRILL AF 257
Very LMW PHPA shale inhibitor powder
HYPERDRILL AF 260
HPHT fluid loss additive in bead form
HYPERDRILL AF 289
HPHT fluid loss additive in powder form
HYPERDRILL AP 200 A Crosslinked polyacrylamide, super absorbant
HYPERDRILL CE 809
Cationic flocculant emulsion
HYPERDRILL CP 905 Cationic flocculant powder
HYPERDRILL DF 2010 Liquid polymeric thinner
HYPERDRILL DF 2010D Dry polymeric thinner
HYPERDRILL DF 2020 High temp., contaminant tolerant, liquid
thinner
HYPERDRILL DF 2020D High temp., contaminant tolerant, dry thinner
HYPERDRILL NE 823 Nonionic, polyacrylamide selective flocculant emulsion
HYPERDRILL NF 201 Nonionic, polyacrylamide selective flocculant powder
XTRA-CONTROL HM
High-melt gilsonite
XTRA-DEFLOC
Drilling fluid deflocculant
XTRA-DEFOAM
All-purpose defoamer
XTRA-DEFOAM PLUS Premium multi-system defoamer
XTRA-DME
Drilling fluid emulsifier
XTRA-EP
Oil mud emulsifier
XTRA-ESW
Secondary emulsifier/wetting agent
XTRA-FOAM PLUS
All-purpose foaming agent
XTRA-LINER G
Surfactant-treated gilsonite
XTRA-LINER L
Polyol-blend for shale inhibition
XTRA-LINER RG
Untreated gilsonite
XTRA-LUBE
Environmentally-safe lubricant
XTRA-LUBE XP
Extreme-pressure lubricant
XTRA-OIL SPOT
Oil-based spotting fluid
XTRA-SPOT
Glycol-based spotting fluid additive
XTRA-SURF
Drilling fluid surfactant
XTRA-SYNSOLV 100
Asphalt solvent
XTRA-THIN
Polymeric thinner
XTRA-WET
Wetting agent for gilsonite and asphalt
XTRA-WET CONCEN- Wetting agent for gilsonite and asphalt
TRATE
FLC2000
Wellbore Stabilization/invasion control
StAR FLH
Wellbore Stabilization/invasion control
StAR HIB L
Shale control /clay inhibitor
StAR HIB S
Shale control/clay inhibitor
StAR HIB CF
Shale control/clay inhibitor
StAR HIB SF
Shale control/clay inhibitor
StAR HIB PLUS
Shale control/clay inhibitor
StAR SEAL 4000
Sand or Gravel Sealant
LCP2000
Lost circulation treatment
StAR Sand Seal F
Seepage control and Lost circulation
treatment
StAR Sand Seal C
Seepage control and Lost circulation
treatment
StAR Thermoset F
Seepage control and Lost circulation
treatment
StAR Thermoset M
Seepage control and Lost circulation
treatment
BRINESHIELD
Brine additive to protect human tissue
EZE-VIS-LT
Liquid V
EZ-VIS-OLS
Envr. liquid V
MAGNA-LUBE
Vertical reach LU/enhancer
MINERAL-LUBE
ROP enhancer

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

E
SU
SU
FR
FR
FR
FR
FR
TH
SB
P
RDF
RDF
RDF
RDF
RDF

FR
V

X X X
X X X
X X

X X

X SH

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X SH
X SH
FR
FR
V
X SH
FR
FR
LO
FL
FL
TH
TH

X X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X X

X X X

X X X

SH

V
FR
LO
LU
A

LO

X
X
X
X

LO

V
FR
FR

V
TE

TE
TH

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

TH
FL
FL

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X

X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X X X

WS
WS
SH
SH
SH
SH
SH
MLCM
MLCM

P
FL

FR
FR

LO
LO

FR
FR
FR
FR
FR
FR

MLCM LO

X X X

X X X

MLCM LO

X X X

X X X

MLCM LO

X X X

X X X

MLCM LO

X
X

X
X
X X X
X X X

X X X
X
X
X
X

X
X

LU
FR

SU
X
X

V
V
LU
LU

ISP
ISP
ISP
ISP
ISP
ISP

ISP
ISP
ISP
ISP
ISP
ISP
ISP
ISP
ISP
ISP
ISP

X X

X
X
X
X

Integrity

ISP
ISP
ISP
ISP
ISP

TE
TE

FR SH
TH FR
X
D
X
X
D
X
E
SU
X
E
FR
X
E
SU
X FO
X
SH FR
X
SH LU
X
SH FR
X
LU
X
X
LU SH
X
P
SH
X
P
X
SU
E
X X X
SU WBC
X
TH
X
SU

Integrity
Integrity
Integrity

ISP
ISP

TH

Integrity
Integrity
Integrity
Integrity
Integrity
Integrity
Integrity
Integrity
Integrity
Integrity
Integrity
Integrity
Integrity
Integrity
Integrity
Integrity
Integrity
Integrity

ISP
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kelco
Kemira
Kemira
Kemira
Kemira
Kemira
Kemira
Kemira
Kemira

Description
of material

PETRO-SORB
RUST-X
SAFE-SPOT
SAFEVERT FL-G
SAFEVERT I
SAFEVERT II
SAFEVERT SUPERWET
SAFEVERT TWA
SAFEVERT VISCOSIFIER
SULFA-TONE
SYNVERT FL-G
SYNVERT I
SYNVERT II
SYNVERT TWA
SYNVERT VISCOSIFIER
THERMABREAK
THERMACOAT
THERMASOLVE

Oil absorbent
Rust converter and primer
Spotting fluid
Oil mud gilsonite
Primary E
Secondary E
Oil mud wetting agent
Oil mud TH
Organoclay
Sulfonated asphalt
Synthetic FR
Synthetic primary E
Synthetic secondary E
Synthetic TH
Synthetic V
Internal breakers
Metal treatment for bits, stabilizers
Promotes destruction of filter cake, emulsions and water wets solids
ULTRA LUBE
ROP enhancer
ULTRA LUBE II
Offshore extended-reach LU
X-VIS-LT
Xanthan gum suspension, passes LC-50 and
static sheen tests
X-VIS-OLS
Xanthan gum suspension, passes LC-50 and
static sheen oil and grease tests
NUOSEPT 78 AND 7850 Hexahydro hydroxyethyl-s-triazine
NUOSEPT 91
Hexahydro hydroxyethyl-s-triazine
PVP K-90
Poly vinyl pyrrolidone
SBR 1006
Emulsion styrene butadiene rubber
SBR 1011
Emulsion styrene butadiene rubber
SBR 1012 HIGH VISEmulsion styrene butadiene rubber
COSITY
SBR 1013
Emulsion styrene butadiene rubber
SETLEZE 3000
Vinyl pyrrolidone di-methyl amino propyl
methacrylamide
SURFADONE LP 100
N-octyl-2-pyrrolidone (NOP)
TECHWAX AQUA 1140 Acrylic homopolymer
TECHWAX AQUA 510 Acrylic copolymer
TECHWAX AQUA 512 Acrylic copolymer
TECHWAX AQUA
Partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide inhibitor
8022RD
TECHWAX EM 125
Polyamides
TECHWAX EM 348
Cross-linked fatty amides
TECHWAX EM 40
Polyamides and modified fatty acids
TECHWAX EM 466
Polyamides and esters
TECHWAX EM 492
Polyamides, esters and modified fatty acids
TECHWAX EM 503
Polyamides and modified fatty acids
TECHWAX FLA 12
Cryogenically ground and finely ground ESBR
TECHWAX GSL
Lignite-based with SBR
TECHWAX LUB 92
Modified natural oil
TECHWAX TH3
Fatty oligomer and imidazoline-based
TECHWAX AQUA
Partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide inhibi7312RD
tor powder
TECHWAX EM 343
Oxidized natural oils, fatty acids, modified
amidoamine
BEN-EX
Bentonite extender and selective flocculant
BIOZAN
Welan gum
CELPOL ESL
Polyanionic cellulose, extremely lowviscosity Gr.
CELPOL R
Polyanionic cellulose, regular viscosity Gr.
CELPOL RX
Premium Gr., polyanionic cellulose, high
viscosity
CELPOL SL
Purified PAC low viscosity
CELPOL SLX
Premium purified PAC, low viscosity
FINNFIX BOL
Middle viscosity tech CMC
FINNFIX H
Purified, CMC high viscosity Gr.
FINNFIX HC
high-viscosity tech CMC
FINNFIX L
Purified, CMC low viscosity Gr.
FINNFIX LC
Low-viscosity tech CMC
FINNFIX RC
Middle viscosity tech CMC
GEOVIS XT
Diutan gum
KELZAN L
Drilling grade xanthan gum
KELZAN XC POLYMER Xanthan gum
KELZAN XCD POLYMER Dispersible xanthan gum
KWIKSEAL
LO material
MF-1
Non-ionic polyacrylamide
MF-55
Non-ionic polyacrylamide emulsion
WL-100
Sodium polyacrylate
XANVIS
Completion grade xanthan gum
XANVIS L
Completion grade liquid xanthan gum
XANVIS L (X)
Completion grade xanthan slurry
X-PEL-G
Water-dispersible gilsonite
AMA-310
10% MBT
AMA-320
20% solvent based thione
AMA-324
24% caustic based thione
AMA-331
30% carbamate
AMA-3725
25% gluteraldehyde
AMA-3750
50% gluteraldehyde
AMA-390
10% bronopol
AMA-398
99% dry Thione1lb dissolvable bags, 50lb
& 200lb loose granular material

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

Secondary

FR
LU
HPHT

Available Product
from:
tradename

Secondary

HPHT
E
FR
LO
HPHT
HPHT
HPHT
TH
FR
V

X SH
FL
X SH
X SH
X X
V
FL
FL
X SH

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

F112JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

Secondary

GEL MUL P
GEL WET
GEL MUL S
GELTROL
GEL TROL HT
GEL TROL P
GEL TROL L HT
GELTROL AL
GEL THIN- O
GEL IS
SBM STUCK FREE
GEL -R- VIS
GEL- R- STARCH
GEL- R-WHITE
GEL- R- LUBE
GEL- R- BUFFER
HYPERDRILL AD 200

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Description
of material

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Secondary

Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Gumpro
Hychem

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Fluids 2014
Available Product
from:
tradename

Product
Function

Primary

Recommended for
these systems

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

World Oils

X X
X

LU

X X X

X X X

X X X

X X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X

LU
LU

SU

X X X

SH

SH

X
X
X

X X X

CO
P
FR
E
E
SU
TH
V
SH
FR
E
E
TH
V

X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X
X X
X X

B
B
SH
FR
FR

X X

FR

X X X

SH

X
X
X
X

X X X
X
X X
X X

X X X

SU
TH
TH
TH

X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

E
E
E
E
E
E
FR
FR
LU
TH

X X
X X X

FR

TE

FR

TE
TE
TE

SH
X X

X
X

LU

SH
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

SH

FR

FR
TE
TE

LU

TH

LU

X X

TE
TE

E
X

SH

X
V

FL
SH

SH

X X X

X FR

X X X

X FR

X X X

FR

SH

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

SH
SH
V
FR
FR
SH
SH
V

SH

X
X
X
X
X
X

FR
FR
FR
V
V
FR
FR
FR
V
V
V
V
LO
FL
SH
FR
V
V
V
SH
B
B
B
B
B
B
B

X X

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

SH

SH
FL

LU
CF
CF
CF
CF
CF
CF
CF
CF

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO

CO

Kemira

KemDrill 8500

99% dry bronopol1lb dissolvable bags,


50lb & 200lb loose granular material
Dual action water-based defoamer
Highly Effective Silicone Emulsion Defoamer
Liquid high MW anionic polymer
Polycarboxylate thinner
Polycarboxylate thinner, dry product
Liquid Polycarboxylate formulation, TH for
fresh water
Liquid Polycarboxylate formulation, TH for
salt water
Liquid low MW polyacrylate
Liquid PHPA
Liquid high MW anionic polymer
Dry high MW anionic polymer
Powder PHPA
Sodium polyacrylate, HPHT, fluid loss
Dry high MW nonionic polyacrylamide
Dry high MW nonionic polyacrylamide
Dry low MW nonionic polyacrylamide
Silicone emulsion defoamer
Effective cleaner/spacer
Effective washer/spacer
Environmental washer/spacer
Environmental friendly washer/spacer
Cleaner/Spacer for grease residues
Effective washer/spacer
Solvent-based pipe cleaner
Phosphonate-based scale inhibitor
Mixed scale inhibitor
Polymer-based scale inhibitor
Xanthan derivative polymeric viscosifier
Liquid xanthan viscosifier
Biopolymer derivative viscosifier
API grade, high viscosity CMC
Technical grade, high viscosity CMC
API grade, low-viscosity CMC
General purpose biocide
General purpose biocide
Low-viscosity PAC
High-viscosity PAC
General purpose silicone-based D
Effective alkylene oxides defoamer
Long chain hydroxy compound, D
General purpose, high MW alcohol-based D
Surfactant-based D
Highly concentrate general purpose D
Environmental friendly defoamer
Defoamer in powder form
PHPA shale inhibitor
ROP enhancer, anti accretion
Drilling fluids surfactant
Anti sticking / Anti bit balling
Superwetting agent for invert muds
Liquid fluid loss reducer
Liquid OBM FLR for North Sea
High efficiency thinner and dispersant
Emulsifier for HT conditions
Primary E for invert muds
Concentrated primary emulsifer for all kind of
invert emulsion systems
Primary emulsifier for synthetics
Low shear rate rheology modifier for
North Sea
Rheology modifier for invert muds
Rheology modifier for OBM
Secondary E for invert muds
Concentrated secondary emulsifer for all kind
of invert emulsion systems
Secondary emulsifier for synthetic muds
High-yield organoclay/gelling agent
Organoclay/gelling agent
Wetting agent
Lubricant for oil based systems
Wetting agent for synthetic muds
Salt tolerant foaming agent
High performance foaming agent
Top range lubricant for brines
Top range, ester based lubricant
Lubricant for oil based systems
Chloride free neutralized polyamine
Neutralized polyamine hydration suppressant
Amine derivative-based SH
Amine derivative SH in powder form
Amine derivative-based SH
High temp. polymeric FR (up to 300F)
Polymeric FLR for North Sea
High temperature polymeric FLR
Corrosion inhibitor for brines

Lamberti
Lamberti

EMULAM PE/S
EMULAM REO1

Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti

EMULAM RM
EMULAM RM 77
EMULAM SE
EMULAM SE/CONC

Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti

EMULAM SE/S
EMULAM V PLUS
EMULAM VIS
EMULAM WA
EMULUBE OBM
EMULAM WA/S
FOAMEX SAL
FOAMEX TX
FRONLUBE 100
FRONLUBE 200
FRONLUBE OBM
HYBSTAR CFA
HYBSTAR HS
HYBSTAR L
HYBSTAR PW
HYBSTAR R
HYSOPOL FL
HYSOPOL FLN
HYSOPOL HT
INICOR 220

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X X
X X X
X X X

X X X

X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

CF

X
X
X
X
X

D
D
V
TH
TH

SH

TH

TH

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X X X
X X X X
X X X X
X X
X X X X
X X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

V
SH
SH
V
SH
FL
FL
FL

FL
FR
FR
FL
TE

Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti

CF
CF
CF
SU
CF
CF
CF

FR
FR
V
V
V

SH
SH

LU
FR
LU
E
E
TH
E
E
FL
SU
FR

SU
SU
SU
E
E

X X

FR

FR

X X

FR

X X
X X
X X

V
V
E

FR
FR
TE

FR

X X

TE

E
TE
V
V
SU TH
LU
SU TH
X FO
X FO
LU
P
LU
P
X
LU
SH
SH
SH
SH
SH
FR HPHT
FR
FR HPHT
CO

LCM

LCM
LCM
LCM
LCM
LCM

FR

X
X
X
X
X
X

Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
LCM
LCM
LCM

LCM

SU

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

TH
SH
V
V
SH
FR
V
V
V
D
WBC
WBC
WBC
E
WBC
WBC
WBC
CA
CA
CA
V
V
V
FR
FR
FR
B
B
FR
FR
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
SH
SU
WBC
SU
SU
FR
FR
TH
E
E

X X

X
X
X
X

X
X

FR

Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti

LCM
LCM
LCM
LCM
LCM
LCM
LCM
LCS
LCS
Liquid Csg.
Liquid Csg.
Liquid Csg.
Liquid Csg.
Liquid Csg.
Liquid Csg.
Liquid Csg.
Liquid Csg.
Liquid Csg.
Liquid Csg.
Liquid Csg.
Liquid Csg.
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA

Description
of material

INICOR W882
INICOR BN
INICOR MF27
INICOR W303
INICOR W481
K PAC LOVIS
K PAC REGULAR
LAMGUM 200
LAMOX NA
LAMOX TR
LAMOX TR/O
LAMPAC CHL
LAMPAC CHR
LAMPAC EXLO
LAMPAC LOVIS
LAMPAC NFE-L

Corrosion inhibitor Organo-phosphate


Corrosion inhibitor, water-soluble
Corrosion inhibitor, oil soluble
Amine-based CO, water-soluble
Environ. friendly CO, water-soluble
HPWBPotassium low-viscosity PAC
HPWBPotassium high viscosity PAC
High-viscosity guar gum
Oxygen scavenger
Organic H2S scavenger
Oil Soluble H2S scavenger
Premium grade, low-viscosity PAC
Premium grade, high-viscosity PAC
Extremely low-viscosity PAC
API grade, low-viscosity PAC
Highly dispersible (no fish eyes) - Premium
grade, low viscosity PAC
LAMPAC NFE-R
Highly dispersible (no fish eyes) - Premium
grade, high viscosity PAC
LAMPAC REGULAR
API grade, high-viscosity PAC
LAMSPERSE 100
Chrome free dispersant, synthetic TH
LAMSPERSE 300
High-temp. copolymer TH
LAMSPERSE TH II
Chrome free powder thinner for HT
LUBRICANT 29
Cost effective, envitonmentally friendly LU
LUBRICANT 45
General purpose environmental friendly
LUBRICANT 73
Effective water-soluble LU
LUBRICANT CBR 600 Environmentally friendly brine soluble
LUBRICANT CD
Effective all purpose LU
LUBRICANT EHB
Environmental friendly LU for salt water
muds
LUBRICANT EP
Extreme pressure LU
LUBRICANT ER
For dispersed system
LUBRICANT F/458
High temp. LU
LUBRICANT SL
Lubricant for silicate fluids
PAG 102
Polyglycol shale inhibitor
PAG 211
Polyglycol SH (Medium Cloud Point)
PRESANTIL
P for unweighted spotting fluids
PRESANTIL FDP
Environmental friendly pipe-freeing agent
PRESANTIL OBM
Effective OMB pipe-freeing agent
PRESANTIL W
P for weighted spotting fluids
PRESANTIL WNF
P for weighted spotting fluids
RHEOMATE
Patented dispersant for HT
BAUX BEADS
Bauxite Beads (3.2 SG) casing running beads
BLUE MAXX
rig detergent
CALCARB
Sized Calcium carbonate3,10,50,100,
200, 325
ECOGLYCOL
Blended PPG for bit balling and shale
inhibition
ENVIROLUBE 40
Low-toxicity mineral oil blend for ROP
enhancement
GX LUBE
Lubricating graphite
GX SEAL
Proprietary blended carbon seepage agent
LC COARSE SEAL
Fibrous, granular and flake blend for massive lost circ.
LC FIBER SEAL
Blended cellulose fibers; fine, medium
LC WALLPLUG
Ground walnut hulls; fine, medium and
coarse
LC SQUEEZE
High solids, high fluid loss squeeze
QUAD SEAL
Blended fine seepage loss additive
RIG CLEAN
Rig wash
SWN 1
Fayetteville shale specific lost circulation
material
TERRA TROL
Untreated gilsonite
TORQUE TROL Plus
Copolymer drilling beads graphite coated
TRIPLE SEAL
Blended acid-soluble mineral fiber and
bridging agents
MAGMA FIBER COARSE Acid-soluble mineral fiber LCM
MAGMA FIBER FINE
Acid-soluble mineral fiber LCM
FL-1000
Carboxymethylated polysaccharide
FL-1000 HV
Carboxymethylated polysaccharidebiopolymer
LIQUID CASING COARSE Micronized polycrystalline material
LIQUID CASING FINE
Micronized polycrystalline material
LIQUID CASING II
Micronized polycrystalline material, <
170 mesh
XP-1000
Derivitized polysaccharide/biopolymer blend
XP-2000
Derivitized polysaccharide/biopolymer blend
Cross-linker 2000
Cross-Linking Fracturing
W.O.3000
work-over fluid
CHVCMT#1
Cement Fluid loss
W.O.1000
ALBISOL OE
ALBISOL OP
BIOLAM K
CLEAN RIG
DEFOMEX EG110
DEFOMEX SB
DEFOMEX TA
DRILTAL DD
EMULAM AK

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

Work/Over /Completion &well killing


Solvent-based pipe cleaner
Surfactant-based spacer/cleaner
Rheology modifier/viscosifier
Effective surfactants and wetting agents
blend
Aluminum stearate-based D
All purpose effective D
Alcohol-based concentrated D
Drilling detergent
Primary emulsifier

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

X
X

X
X

X X
X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X CO
CO
X X
CO
X
CO
X
CO
X SH
X SH
X
X V
X
CO
X
CO
X X
CO
X
X FR
X
X FR
X
X FR
X
X FR

SH
SH
SH
SH

Secondary

KemFoamX 1951
KemFoamX 8508
KemFlow A-4358
KemDrill 8111
KemDrill 8111 LD
KemDrill 8155

Available Product
from:
tradename

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

AMA-499

Kemira
Kemira
Kemira
Kemira
Kemira
Kemira

Secondary

Kemira

Secondary

Description
of material

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Fluids 2014

KemDrill 8237
KEMDRILL A-1355
KEMDRILL A-1363
KEMDRILL A-2352
KEMDRILL A-2353
KEMDRILL A-2703
KEMDRILL N-1141
KEMDRILL N-2141
KEMDRILL N2144
KemFoamX 8800
ALBISOL AT
ALBISOL DM
ALBISOL E
ALBISOL F10
ALBISOL K100
ALBISOL MCS
ALBISOL OE
ANTISCALE AC/1
ANTISCALE AC/137
ANTISCALE AC/58
BIOLAM XG
BIOLAM XG LS
BIOLAM XT
CARBOCEL EHV
CARBOCEL HV
CARBOCEL LV
CARBOSAN 135/TR
CARBOSAN EF
CEPAC LOVIS
CEPAC REGULAR
DEFOMEX
DEFOMEX 200
DEFOMEX 42
DEFOMEX 610/L
DEFOMEX 620
DEFOMEX DR5
DEFOMEX G9
DEFOMEX TM
DRILLAM EL
DRILQUICK AC
DRILTAL 131
DRILTAL DK
EMULAM ASB
EMULAM FC
EMULAM FC/NS
EMULAM HP120
EMULAM HT
EMULAM PE
EMULAM PE/CONC

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Available Product
from:
tradename

Kemira
Kemira
Kemira
Kemira
Kemira
Kemira
Kemira
Kemira
Kemira
Kemira
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti
Lamberti

Product
Function

Secondary

Recommended for
these systems

Primary

World Oils

X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X X

X FR

SH

FR

X X X

X FR

SH

FR

X X
X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X

X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X FR
TH
TH
TH
LU
LU
X LU
LU
X LU

SH
TE
TE

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X

LU

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X
X X
X
X X
X X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X X X

LO

LU

SH

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

FR
FR
V
CF

V
V

LU

X LU HPWB FR
LU
X
X LU SU
LU
X
SH FR
X
SH LU
X
P
LU FR
X
P
LU FR
X X
P
LU
X
P
LU LU
X
P
LU FR
X
TH TE
X X X
LU
X
X SU
E

X X X

LU

SH

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X X X
X X X

LU
LO

LU

X X X

X X X

LO

X X X

X X X

LO

X X X

X X X X LO

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X X X X LO
X X X
LO
SU

LU
LU
FR

X X X

X X X

LO

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X X X
X X X

SH
LU

FR

FR

X X X

X X X

LO

SH

X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X X X
X X X
X

LO
LO
FL

V
V
SH

LU
LU

X X X

FR

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X X X X LO
X X X X LO

SH
SH

X X X

X X X X LO

SH

X
X

X X X
X X X
X X
X X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X
X X

X
X
X

WBC CF
WBC CF
V
FR
WBC CF

X
X

X
X
X
X

X X X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

FR
FR

X X

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

FR

D
D
D
SU
E

LU
CF

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

World Oil/JUNE 2014F113

L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
L-USA
M&D
M&D
M&D
M&D
M&D
M&D
M&D
M&D
M&D
M&D
M&D
M&D
M&D
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
MASI
Mayco
Mayco
Mayco
Mayco

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

Super wetting agent


Emulsifier for direct emulsion
Liquid OBM fluid loss reducer
Imidazoline-based emulsifier
Primary E for diesel-based muds
Primary E for mineral oil-based muds
Primary E for synthetic systems
Rheology modifier/suspending agent
Rheology modifier/suspending agent
Secondary E for diesel-based muds
Secondary E for mineral oil-based muds
Secondary E for synthetic systems
TH/Superwetting agent for invert muds
Organoclay, V for invert muds
Organoclay, V for invert muds
Wetting agent for invert emulsions
Wetting agent for invert emulsions
Foaming agent
Shale Inhibitor
Imidazoline-based corrosion inhibitor
Water-soluble CO
Viscosifier
Polyacrylate-based, chrome free, HT
dispersant
LAMSPERSE TH
Modified tannin-based HT thinner,
chrome free
LUBRICANT 73
All purpose LU
LUBRICANT EPS
Extreme pressure LU, sulphurised-based
LUBRICANT GP479
Ready biodegradable non-toxic LU
LUBRICANT ROP
Rate of penetration enhancer
PAG GP
General purpose glycol-based shale inhibitor
PRESANTIL USP
Free P agent for unweighted spotting fluids
PRESANTIL WSP
Free P agent for weighted spotting fluids
RHEOMATE
Zirconium complex de-gelling agent and
HT dispersant
DRILL XPRESS
Liquid viscosifier for water-based fluids
LIQUID BRIDGE PLUG Resin-based lost circulation pill
POLY PLUG CLEAR GEL Solids free crosslinking polymer
POLY PLUG ULTRADe-watering crosslinking polymer
SQUEEZE
ULTRA SEAL-C
Sized cellulosic fibers for lost circulation
ULTRA SEAL-PLUS
Fibrous, granular and flake material for
massive lost circ.
ULTRA SEAL-POLY PLUG Single-sack blend of sized fibers and crosslinking polymer
ULTRA SEAL-TG
Tech grade cellulosic fibers
ULTRA SEAL-XLA
Crosslink polymer, temp. accelerator
ULTRA SEAL-XLD
Crosslink polymer, mixing enhancer
ULTRA SEAL-XLR
Crosslink polymer, temp. retarder
ULTRA SEAL-XP
Specific blend of micronized cellulose fibers
ULTRA SPACER
Non-invasive mud spacer
ACTIGUARD
Shale and clay inhibitor
ACTIPAC
One sack fluid
ACTIVATOR I
Thermal stabilizer for the AphronICS fluid
ACTIVATOR II
pH and alkalinity additive
ACTIVIS LSR
Rheological enhancer
APHRONICS FLUID
At-balance polymer viscosified drilling and
completion fluid
APHRONIZER A
Aphron shell enhancer
APHRONIZER B
Aphron shell enhancer
BIO-CIDE
Microbialcide
BLUE STREAK
Mud conditioner and air micro-encapsulator
for the AphronICS fluid
GO-DEVIL II
Provides LSRV for AphronICS fluid
HY TONE
HPHT additive for water-based fluids
HYSSTER FLUID
At-balance clay viscosified drilling and
completion fluid
MICRO SEAL
Micronized fiber
MICRODYNE L
Aphron generator and stabilizer
MICRO-LUBE
Pollution-free LUliquid
NATURE-FLOC
Natural polymer flocculant
PAK N' PLUG
Blend of organic fibers
PASSIVATOR I
Defoamer
PLASTICIZER
Aphron shell stabilizer
POLY-MUL
Invert emulsifier
POLYPHRONICS FLUID At-balance water in oil-based drilling and
completion fluid
POLY-Q
LSRV booster/PolyphronICS enhancer
POLY-VIS
Primary rheological modifier for PolyphronICSoil-based fluid
POLY-WET
Oil wetting agent
POSISQUEEZE
High solids, high fluid loss LCM squeeze
PRONTODRILL
One sack drilling fluid
SWEEP N' SEAL
Cellulose fiber/oil mud seepage loss
TRICON HT
High temp. stabilizer for biopolymer fluids
TRI-VIS CP+
Rheological modifier for PolyphronICS
oil-based fluid
MAYCO-CALWATE
Calcium carbonate
MAYCO-CARB
Non-thixotropic polymeric blend, graded and
sized carbonates
MAYCO-CORCIDE
CO, oxygen scavenger, biocide
MAYCO-DEFOAM
All-purpose D

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X
X X

X X X

X
X
X

TH
E
FR
E
E
E
E
V
V
E
E
E
TH
V
V
TH
E
X FO
SH
CO
CO
V

Mayco
Mayco

FL

X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

V
X X X X LO
X X X
MCLM LO

SH

X X X

X X X

MCLM LO

LU

X X X

X X X

MCLM LO

X X X

X X X

MCLM LO

X X X

X X X

MCLM LO

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X

TH

TE

X LU
LU
LU
LU
SH
P
P

LU
LU
LU

TH

TE

FL

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

FR

X X

X HPWB

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X

SU
SU
X B

X X

X X
X X X

X X X

X X X

X SU

X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

V
FR
HPHT FR

LO
SU
LU
FL
LO
D
SU
SU

X
X
X

X X

X X X
X X

X X

X X

X X
X X

SU
LO
V
LO
TE

X X
X

SU

Messina
Messina
FR
SH

X X X

X X X

X X

X X X

FR

X X X
X X X

X
X

B
D

CO

X X

X
X

X
X

Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina

Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina

SU

Messina

Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina

E
SH

X X X

X
X

Mayco
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina

X HPWB
X X

FL

LU

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

TE

X X LO SH
X
MCLM LO
X X D
X
MCLM LO
X X LO SH
X
LO
X SH LU
HPWB FR
TE SU
A
TE
HPWB V

Mayco
Mayco

Mayco
Mayco
Mayco
Mayco
Mayco
Mayco

LU

FL

Mayco
Mayco

Mayco
Mayco

E
TH

TH

V
W

Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina

Description
of material

MAYCO-FLC

Blend of selected non-ionic polymers for


fluid loss control
Blend of selected polymers, lignosulfonates
and sized calcium carbonates
MAYCO-HELP
Polymeric temp. extender
MAYCO-KLAYTROL
Blend of rigid non-ionic polymer, chloride
free, potassium and ammonium salts
MAYCO-LIVIS
Liquid HEC polymer
MAYCO-MAD SEAL
Acid-degradable blend of granules, flakes
and fibrous material
MAYCO-MAPP
Blend of non-ionic drilling polymers
MAYCO-pH BUFFER
Magnesium oxide
MAYCO-SEAL
Graded and sized calcium carbonates
MAYCO-SEAL COARSE Graded and sized calcium carbonates
MAYCO-SEAL MEDIUM Graded and sized calcium carbonates
MAYCO-SLURRY
Polymers, lignosulfonates and graded/sized
calcium carbonates
MAYCO-TREAT
Surfactants for emulsion and water block
prevention
MAYCO-VIS
Thixotropic polymers and sized calcium
carbonates
MAYCO-VIS EXTRA
Free-flowing HEC
BIOVIS
Standard drilling grade biopolymer
BIOVIS-D
Dispersible biopolymer
BIOVIS-P
Premium xanthan biopolymer
BORE-SWEEP
Hole sweep/cleaning agent
BORE-TROL
Shale inhibitor and mud conditioner
CELTROL-LV
Organic polymer
CELTROL-SP1
Tech-grade CMC
CIDE-COR
Corrosion inhibitor and biocide
CIDE-COR-II
Corrosion inhibitor, oxygen scavenger
and biocide
CIDE-COR-PLUS
Corrosion inhibitor, oxygen scavenger
and biocide
CLA-STAB
Shale control/clay stabilizer
CLA-STAB-II
Concentrate shale control and lubricant
CLA-STAB-III
Clay stabilizer/KCl substitute
DIAPLUG
High-filtration lost circulation squeeze
DRILL-PEN
ROP enhancer/bit-balling surfactant
FERRO-SPONGE
H2S remover
FILTRACEL
Tech-grade CMC
FILTROL
Modified polysaccharide
FILTROL-LV
Carboxymethylated polymer
FILTROL-PLUS
Premium modified hydrocolloid
FOAM-FREE-A
Alcohol-based Liquiduid defoamer
FOAM-FREE-ALS
Powdered defoamer
FOAM-FREE-PG
Glycol-based defoamer
FOAM-FREE-TB
Phosphate-based anit-foam/defoamer
FOAM-FREE-V
Vegetable oil-based Liquiduid defoamer
FOAM-FREE-WF 9
Silicone-based Liquiduid antifoam agent
GB-SEAL
Blended cementitious gunk squeeze
H2LESS
Liquiduid H2S extractor
HI-THIN
New generation organic thinner
HI-THIN-II
New generation organic thinner
HI-THIN-III
New generation organic thinner
HI-WATE
Galena
HOLE-SEAL-II
Fibrous LCM
HOLE-SEAL-OB
Fibrous LCM
HOTGEL
Sepiolite
HYDRO-WET
Surfactant wetting agent/dispersant
KLEEN-BAR
Barium carbonate
KLEEN-BLOCK
Sized carbonates
KLEEN-BLOCK-X
Maximum-sized carbonates
KLEEN-BRIDGE
Oil-soluble resin
KLEEN-CON
Environmentally friendly invert emulsifier, E
KLEEN-CON (HT)
Environmentally friendly invert emulsifier,
E, HPHT
KLEEN-DRIL
Polymer blend
KLEEN-DRIL-II
One-bag drlg polymer blend
KLEEN-DRIL-X
High performance 1-bag drill-in fluid system
KLEEN-LUBE
Drilling lubricant
KLEEN-MUL-L
Environmentally friendly invert emulsifier, E
KLEEN-MUL-L (HT)
Environmentally friendly invert emulsifier,
E, HPHT
KLEEN-OIL
Low-toxicity, and synthetic-based oils
KLEEN-PIL
Polymer blend
KLEEN-PPG
Glycol-based shale control
KLEEN-SAL
Sized salt for drill-in fluids
KLEEN-SEAL
Polymer/carbonate blend
K-STAB
Environmentally friendly potassium source,
KCl substitute
KLEEN-SWEEP
Brine clarifier
KLEEN-THIN
Surfactant; for low-toxicity and synthetic
invert muds
KLEEN-TROL
Fluid loss additive for drill-in fluid
KLEEN-VIS
Polymer/carbonate blend
KLEEN-VIS-2
Low residue polysaccharide
KLEEN-VIS-X
Non-damaging polymer
KLEEN-VIS-XL
Liquiduid non damaging polymer
KLEEN-WATE
Heavy clear brines
KLEEN-WET
Wetting agent; low-toxicity and synthetic
invert muds
KLEEN-ZAN
Viscosifier for drill-in fluids
MAYCO-FLOW

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

X X X

FR

FL

X X X

FR

TH

X X X

TE

X X X

SH

X X X

X X X

X X

LO

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X X
X X
X X

V
A
LO
LO
LO

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X X

LO

X X X

SU

X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X
X X
X
X
X
X X
X X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X X X
X
X

V
V
V
V
V
SH
FR
FL
CO

Secondary

Available Product
from:
tradename

Secondary

Secondary

Secondary
E
TH
FR
FR
FR
FR
FR
FR
FR
FR
FL

SU
SU
SU
E
E

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

F114JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Description
of material

EMULAM ASB
EMULAM DE1
EMULAM FLC
EMULAM IT209
EMULAM PC
EMULAM PM
EMULAM PS
EMULAM RM3
EMULAM RMD
EMULAM SC
EMULAM SM
EMULAM SS
EMULAM TH3
EMULAM VIS
EMULAM V-PLUS
EMULAM W1
EMULAM WC
FOAMEX
HYBSTAR HPF
INICOR IT
INICOR W303
LAMGUM G7F
LAMSPERSE 200

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Fluids 2014
Available Product
from:
tradename

Product
Function

Primary

Recommended for
these systems

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

World Oils

FR

FR
FR
FR
FR

FR
FR

LU

FR
LO
FR
SH
SH
B

X X

CO

CO

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X X
X
X X

SH
SH
SH
LO
LU
CO
FR
FR
FR
FR
D
D
D
D
D
D
LO
CO
TH
TH
TH
W
LO
LO
V
SU
CO
LO
LO
FL
E

X X

SU
V
V
V

X X

FR
FR
RDF
LU
E

FR

X X

FR

LO

FR
LU
FR

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X X X

X
X X
X
X X
X
X

X X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X

LU
V
SU
SH

FR
FR
FR

RDF
FR
W
FR

FR
FR

LO
SU

FR

TE
TE

X X
X
X

X X
X
X X

X
X
X
X

LO
SH
RDF
LO

X X X

SH

FL
X X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X X

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

TH

SU

FR
V
V
V
V
W

V
FR
FR
FR
FR

SU

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

OILVIS-PLUS
OILWET
PERMATROL-LV
POLY-BEN
POLY-FLOC
POLY-PLUG
POLY-SEAL
POLY-SEAL-HT

Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina

POLY-SEAL-RESIN
POLY-SLICK
POLYSPERSE
POLYSPERSE-XHT
POLYTHERM-FL

Messina
Messina

POLYTHERM-FX
POLYTHERM-FX2

Messina

POLYTHERM-FX3

Messina

POLYTHERM-FX3L

Messina

POLYTHERM-FX5

Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina

POLYTROL
POLYTROL-1000
POLYTROL-L
PUREGEL
REDI-COAT
REDI-COAT-PLUS
REDI-COAT-XL
REDI-DRIL
REDI-FLO-NHV
REDI-FLO-NLV
REDI-pH
REDI-THIN
REDI-X10
RHEOTHIN
RHEOTHIN-CF
RHEOTHIN-CF-III
RHEOTHIN-HT
SLICKPIPE
SLICKPIPE-EP-II

Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina

SLICKPIPE-NT
SOLUBLE-WATE
SORB-OX-L
SORB-OX-P
STARFIX
STARFIX-PLUS

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X
X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X

X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X X X
X X
X
X X X
X

X X
X
X
X X
X
X

W
LO
LO
W
V
V
TH
TH
X
LO
X
LO
X FO
X
V
TH
TH
X
LO
X
LO
X
V
X
LO
X
CO
V
SH
X
SH
SU
SU
X
V
X
V
X X X X CO
X X
E
X X
E
X
LO
X
P
X
P
X
P
X X
TH
X X
FR
X X
FR
X X
V
X X

X X
X X

V
SU
FL
V
FL
MLMC
LO

FR
FR
E
TE

LU
LU
FR
E

LU
E
FR

FR
SH
E
LU

FR
LU
LO
LU
E
FR
FR
B
FR
FR

LU
LU
E
LU
FL

SU
TE

TE

SU
E
E

FR

LO

FR

X
X
X

LO
LU
TH
TH

TE
TE

SH
SH
SH

X X

FL

TE

SH

X X X

TE

FL

SH

X X X

TE

FL

X X X

TE

FL

X X X

TE

FL

X X X

TE

FL

LU

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

FR
V
FR
FR
V
V
V
FR
FL
FL

FR
FL
FR
E

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X X X

LU

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X
X
X
X
X

LU
W
CO
CO
FR
FL

X
X
X
X
X
X

Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO

THERMO-TROL-FL
THERMO-TROL-X
TRU-OIL
ULTRACEL
VISFLO
VISPAC
WELCIDE-52
WELCIDE-522E
WELCIDE-75
WELCIDE-HT
WELCIDE-L
ACTI-BUILD
ACTIMUL RD
ALPINE SPOTTING
BEADS
ANTI-FOAM XLRT
ASPHASOL
ASPHASOL D
ASPHASOL SUPREME
BAR-NONE
BLOK-R 750
BUBBLE BUSTER
CALOSPERSE

Spotting fluid surfactant


Environmentally safe spotting
Spotting surfactant
Potassium shale stabilizer
Complex dry powder formulation
Acid-soluble LCM
Nonionic mud surfactant
Asphaltic shale stabilizer
High temp. filtration control polymer,
HPHT, HPWB
High temp. filtration polymer, HPHT, HPWB
High temp. stabilizer, cond., HPHT, HPWB
Oil mud basic package
High-purity CMC
Polyanionic cellulosic polymer
Tech grade polyanionic cellulosic polymer
Liquiduid bactericide concentrate
Liquiduid bactericide
Liquiduid biocide, CO, O2 scavenger
Thiocarbamate-type B
Liquiduid bactericide
Polar activator for Eastern Hemisphere
Solid emulsifier
Lubricating beads
Defoamer
Sulfonated organic resin blend
Sulfonated organic blend
Sulfonated asphalt
Barium sulfate scale dissolver
Wellbore strengthening additive
Low toxicity defoamer
Unique blend of polymeric and organic
chrome-free thinners specially formulated
for improved rheology control of water-based
drilling fluids
Thinner for high temp. water-based drilling fluids
Liquid anionic acrylic copolymer designed to
provide rheological stability in HTHP waterbased drilling fluids
Specially formulated product designed for
use as a fluid-loss reducing and rheology
stabilizing agent in water-based drilling fluids
Specially formulated fluid-loss control
agent and viscosifier in HTHP water-based
drilling fluids
Causticized lignite
Surfactant cleaner
Oil-based perforating system
Water-based perforating system
Water-dispersible blended amine
Persistent filming amine
Brine-soluble filming amine
Corrosion inhibitor
Medium-sized,carbon-blend plugging agent
Fine-sized, carbon-blend plugging agent
Drilling detergent
Displacement chemical
Displacement chemical
All purpose defoamer
All purpose defoamer
All purpose defoamer
All-purpose defoamer
All-purpose defoamer
Complexer for the DIPRO system
Viscosity enhancer and stabilizer for
DIPRO LD
Viscosity enhancer and stabilizer for
DIPRO LD
Filtration control agent for the DIPRO system
Glycol-based packer fluid
High-performance LU, antisticking agent
Anti-bit balling agent
Anti-bit balling agent
MMO viscosifier
MMO viscosifier for high temp. applications
MMO viscosifier for low temp. applications
ROP enhancer designed for use in GOM
ROP enhancer
ROP enhancer designed for use on land
ROP enhancer designed for use in the
North Sea
Brine-soluble chelating agent for BREAKDOWN and FAZEBREAK systems
Neutral to slightly basic chelant
Dry chelant breaker for polymer filtercakes
Low-pH chelating agent for BREAKDOWN
systems
High density chelant for FloPro NT, DiPro and
FazePro filtercake removal
Low-pH chelating agent for BREAKDOWN
systems

M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO

M-I SWACO CALOVIS HT

X
X X X
X X
X X X

V
SH
V
V
SH
SH
SH
V
X V
X V
A
TH
TE
TH
TH
TH
TH
LU

STUCKBREAKER
STUCKBREAKER-ES
STUCKBREAKER-W
SUPER-BORE-TROL
SUPER-STOP
SUPER-STOP-AS
SURF-ACT
THERMO-SEAL
THERMO-TROL-50

M-I SWACO CALOVIS FL


TH
SH
FL
SH
LO

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina

M-I SWACO CALOTHIN

X
X
X
X

Description
of material

M-I SWACO CALOSPERSE Zr

Available Product
from:
tradename

TE

LU

FL
FR
FR
FR

E
E
E
FL

M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO

CAUSTILIG
CLEAN UP
CLEANPERF OB
CLEANPERF WB
CONQOR 101
CONQOR 202B
CONQOR 303A
CONQOR 404
C-SEAL
C-SEAL F
D-D
DEEPCLEAN
DEEPCLEAN NS
DEFOAM AL
DEFOAM NS
DEFOAM PLUS NS
DEFOAM-A
DEFOAM-X
DI-BALANCE
DI-LOK

M-I SWACO DI-PLEX


M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO

DI-TROL
DOWFROST MI
DRILFREE
DRIL-KLEEN
DRIL-KLEEN II
DRILPLEX
DRILPLEX HT
DRILPLEX LT
DRILZONE
DRILZONE II
DRILZONE L
DRILZONE NS

M-I SWACO D-SOLVER


M-I SWACO D-SOLVER 7
M-I SWACO D-SOLVER D
M-I SWACO D-SOLVER EXTRA
M-I SWACO D-SOLVER HD
M-I SWACO D-SOLVER PLUS
V

LU

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X
X
X X
X X X
X
X X X

X X
X X

X
X
X

P
P
P
SH
MCLM
MCLM
SU
SH

X
X X

FR
V
TE
LU
FL

SH

TE
TH
E
V
V
V

SH
SH

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X X X
X X X

X X X

X X X X LU

X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X X
X
X X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X X

X X

TH

X X

TH

FR

X X

FR

X X

FR

X
X

X X X
X X X
X X
X X

X
X

X X X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
TH
X X X X SU
X X X
CF
X
CF
CO
X
X CO
X
CO
X
X CO
X X X
LO
X X X
LO
X
X SU
X X
SU
X X
SU
X
D
X
D
X
D
X
X D
X
X D
X
V

FR

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X
X X

X X

X
X
X
X
X
X

D
SH
SH
SH
BR
FR
D

TE

LU

X
X
X

FR
CF
LU
SU
SU
V
V
V
SU
SU
SU

LU
SU
E
E
SH
SH
SH

SU
BR

X X
X X

BR
BR
X

X X
X X

FR
FR
FR

X X

X X

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

TH

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

E
TE

FL
TE
X
V
X
FR
X
FR
X
X
FR
X
X B
X
X B
X
X
X B
X
X B
X X
X X
E

X
X

X
X
X
X

SH
FR

TE

X
X
X
X
X

Secondary

Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina

Hematite
LCM crosslinker
Polymer LCM
Barite
OCMA bentonite
Special drilling clay
Causticized lignite
Chrome causticized lignite
Fibrous LCM
Cellophane flakes
Foaming agent
API bentonite
Potassium humate
Lignite
Mica LCM
Ground nut shells
Attapulgite
Blended LCM
Powdered H2S remover
Extended bentonite
Liquiduid shale stabilizer, mud cond.
HT filtration control/borehole stabilizer
Non-ionic detergent blend
Blended surfactant
Natural guar polymer
Modified polysaccharide
CO series, corrodion inhibitors
Invert emulsifier
Invert emulsifier
Sized resinous particles
Weighted spotting fluid
Weighted spotting fluid
Weighted spotting fluid
Oil mud TH
Asphaltic blend
Non-asphaltic fluid loss additives
Organophilic clay
Organophilic clay for low-toxicity and synthetic systems
Low end rheology modifier
Wetting agent, dispersant
Tech-grade CMC
Bentonite extender
Flocculant
Reversible cross-linked polymer plug system
Formation/water control agent
High temp. LCM and water/formation
control agent
Resin sealant
Copolymer beads
Polymeric deflocculant/TH
High performance polymeric deflocculant
High temp. liquid filtration polymer, HPHT,
HPWB
High temp. filtration polymer, HPHT, HPWB
High temp. filtration control polymer,
HPHT, HPWB
High temp. filtration control polymer,
HPHT, HPWB
High temp. filtration control polymer (Liquid),
HPHT, HPWB
High temp. filtration control polymer,
HPHT, HPWB
Liq. polymer, non-damaging V
Liq. PHPA
Liq. polymer non-damaging V
Premium untreated API bentonite
Encapsulating polymer
Encapsulating polymer
Encapsulating polymer, low viscosity
Full-function drilling polymer
Selected cellulosic ether polymer
Selected cellulosic ether polymer
Buffered A agent
Polymeric thinner
Polymer thermal stabilizer
Modified lignosulfonate
Chrome-free lignosulfonate
Modified, chrome-free lignosulfonate
Polymer-modified lignin
Lubricity agent
Environmentally-safe extreme pressure
lubricant
Environmentally-safe lubricant
Calcium carbonate
Liquid oxygen scavenger
Powdered oxygen scavenger
Stabilized polysaccharide
Premium preserved hydrocolloid

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

MARITE
MEGA-LINK
MEGA-SEAL
MESUCO-BAR
MESUCO-BEN
MESUCO-BEN-M
MESUCO-CL
MESUCO-CRCL
MESUCO-FIBER
MESUCO-FLAKE
MESUCO-FOAM
MESUCO-GEL
MESUCO-KL
MESUCO-LIG
MESUCO-MICA
MESUCO-PLUG
MESUCO-SALT-CLAY
MESUCO-SEAL
MESUCO-SORB
MESUCO-SUPER-GEL
MICRO-SEAL
MICRO-SEAL-II
MUDDET
MUD-MUL
MUDUP
MUDUP-PLUS
OILAID-CI
OILCON
OILMUL-L
OILSEAL
OILSPOT-FT
OILSPOT-L
OILSPOT-P
OILTHIN
OILTONE-1
OILTONE-2, 3, 4
OILVIS
OILVIS-2

Secondary

Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina
Messina

Secondary

Description
of material

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Fluids 2014

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Available Product
from:
tradename

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

Product
Function

Secondary

Recommended for
these systems

Primary

World Oils

BR
BR

X X X

BR

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

World Oil/JUNE 2014F115

Mixed surfactant solution used in BREAKDOWN and FAZEBREAK systems


Coated internal oxidizer breaker for waterbased RDF filter cakes
M-I SWACO D-STRUCTOR
Organic acid percursor used in AWAY or OUT
breaker systems
M-I SWACO D-STRUCTOR
Organic acid percursor used in FAZE-AWAY
or FAZE-OUT breaker systems
M-I SWACO DUAL-FLO
Fluid-loss additive
M-I SWACO DUAL-FLO HT
Fluid-loss additive for high-temp. applications
M-I SWACO DUO-TEC
Xanthan gum
M-I SWACO DUO-TEC NS
Xanthan gum, non-dispersible, clarified for
North Sea use
M-I SWACO DUO-VIS
Xanthan gum
M-I SWACO DUO-VIS L
Liquified xanthan gum, non-clarified
M-I SWACO DUO-VIS NS
Xanthan gum, non-dispersible, non-clarified
for North Sea use
M-I SWACO DUO-VIS PLUS
Xanthan gum, dispersible, non-clarified
M-I SWACO DUO-VIS PLUS NS
Xanthan gum, non-dispersible, non-clarified
for North Sea use
M-I SWACO DURALON
Filtration control high temp. polymer
M-I SWACO DUROGEL
Sepiolite clay, meets API specs
M-I SWACO ECOKLEEN
Anticrete for tar applications
M-I SWACO ECOTROL L
Liquid filtration control additive for parafinns,
mineral and synthetic oils
M-I SWACO ECOTROL 717D
Filtration control resin for diesel
M-I SWACO ECOTROL HT
Filtration control resin for HTHP applications
M-I SWACO ECOTROL RD
Filtrate reducer for the PARALAND system
M-I SWACO EMUL HT
HPHT E
M-I SWACO ENVIROBLEND
Salt for ENVIROVERT system
M-I SWACO FAZE-MUL
Emulsifier for FAZEPRO system
M-I SWACO FAZE-MUL CW
Emulsifier for FAZEPRO system in cold
climates
M-I SWACO FAZE-WET
Wetting agent for FAZEPRO system
M-I SWACO FAZE-WET CW
Wetting agent for FAZEPRO system in cold
climates
M-I SWACO FER-OX
Hematite, meets API specs
M-I SWACO FILTER FLOC
Chemical filtration aid
M-I SWACO FLO-PLEX
Fluid-loss additive for DRILPLEX system
M-I SWACO FLO-PLEX PLUS
Fluid-loss additive for DRILPLEX system
M-I SWACO FLO-TROL
Starch derivative
M-I SWACO FLO-VIS L
Liquid dispersible, clarified xanthan gum
M-I SWACO FLO-VIS NT
Non-dispersible, non-clarified xanthan gum
M-I SWACO FLO-VIS PLUS
Premium-Gr., dispersible, clarified xanthan gum
M-I SWACO FLO-WATE
Sized salt material
M-I SWACO FLOW-BAK
Surface Tension Reducer
M-I SWACO FLOXIT
Clay flocculant
M-I SWACO FORM-A-BLOK
High strength pill for water and oil-based
applications
M-I SWACO FORM-A-PLUG ACC
Accelerator for FORM-A-PLUG II system
M-I SWACO FORM-A-PLUG II
Acid-soluble lost ciruculation plug
M-I SWACO FORM-A-PLUG RET
Retarder for FORM-A-PLUG II system
M-I SWACO FORM-A-SET
Polymeric lost circulation material
M-I SWACO FORM-A-SET ACC
Accelerator for FORM-A-SET system
M-I SWACO FORM-A-SET AK
Polymeric lost circulation material
M-I SWACO FORM-A-SET AKX
Polymeric lost circulation material containing
calcium carbonate
M-I SWACO FORM-A-SET RET
Retarder for FORM-A-SET system
M-I SWACO FORM-A-SET XL
Crosslinker for FORM-A-SET system
M-I SWACO FORM-A-SQUEEZE
High Fluid loss pill
M-I SWACO GELEX
Bentonite extender and selective FL
M-I SWACO GELPLEX
V for the DRILPLEX system
M-I SWACO GLYDRIL 100
Polyglycol blend
M-I SWACO GLYDRIL DG
Water-miscible glycol
M-I SWACO GLYDRIL GP
Polyalkylene glycol
M-I SWACO GLYDRIL HC
Polyalkylene glycol
M-I SWACO GLYDRIL LC
Polyglycol shale inhibitor
M-I SWACO GLYDRIL MC
Glycerol/glyceride blend
M-I SWACO G-SEAL
Graphite plugging agent
M-I SWACO G-SEAL FINE
Fine-grind graphite plugging agent
M-I SWACO G-SEAL HRG
High resiliency graphite
M-I SWACO G-SEAL HRG FINE
High resiliency graphite
M-I SWACO G-SEAL PLUS
Coarse-sized plugging agent
M-I SWACO G-SEAL PLUS COARSE Blend for lost circulation and wellbore
strengthening
M-I SWACO HIB-933
shale inhibitor
M-I SWACO HIBTROL
Fluid loss additive and secondary shale
inhibitor
M-I SWACO HIBTROL HV
Fluid loss additive and secondary shale
inhibitor
M-I SWACO HIBTROL ULV
Fluid loss additive and secondary shale
inhibitor, ultra-low viscosity
M-I SWACO HRP
liquid V and gelling agent for oil muds
M-I SWACO HYDRABLOK
Deepwater hydrate inhibitor
M-I SWACO IDCAP D
Polymeric shale encapsulator
M-I SWACO IDLUBE XL
Extreme pressure LU
M-I SWACO IDSPERSE XT
High temp. polymeric dispersant
M-I SWACO INHIBYCOL XT
Wide molecular-weight glocol
M-I SWACO IRONITE SPONGE
H2S scavenger
M-I SWACO ISO-ACT
Viscosifier for ISOTHERM insulating packer
fluid system

X X

M-I SWACO D-STROYER

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X X

X
X X

BR

X X

BR

X X X

FR

X X X

FR

X X X

X X X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X

X
X

V
V

X X X

X X X

X X X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X

FR
V
SU
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X

X X

SU
SU

X X X
X X
X X X

W
FL
FR
FR
FR
V
V

X X X

X X
X X

X
X

TE
TE

FR

X X

FR

FR
FR
FR
E
SH
E

X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X
X X X

SH

X X X

LO

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

LO
LO
LO
LO
LO
LO

X X X

X X X

LO

X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X
X X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

LO
LO
LO
V
V
SH
TE
SH
SH
SH
SH
LO
LO
LO
LO
LO

FR
SU
FR
FR
FR
FR
LU
LU
LU
LU
LU

X X X

X X X

LO

LU

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X X X

X
X
X
X
X

FR

LU
FL

X X X

FR

SH

X X X

FR

SH

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X
X X
X X X
X X X
X X X

SH

X
X
X
X
X
X

LU
LU
LU
LU

SH
FR

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

V
HS
SH
LU
TH
SH
CO
V

M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO

KLA-STOP
KLA-STOP NS
KLEEN UP
LIQXAN
LO-FLOSS
LOTORQ

M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO

LO-WATE
LUBE XLS
LUBE-100
LUBE-167
LUBE-776
LUBE-945
LUBE-1722
LUBE-PLEX

FR

LU

SH

M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO

M-I 157
M-I 198
M-I BAR
M-I BAR Fine Grind
M-I CEDAR FIBER
M-I CIDE
M-I GEL
M-I GEL SUPREME
M-I GEL SUPREME
WYOMING
M-I GEL WYOMING
M-I LUBE
M-I PAC R
M-I PAC SR
M-I PAC SUL
M-I PAC UL
M-I SEAL

M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO

M-I WATE
M-I-X II
MUL HTP
MUL XT
MY-LO-JEL
NOBUG
NOVAMOD
NOVAMUL
NOVAPRO P/S
NOVATEC B
NOVATEC F

M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO

NOVATEC M
NOVATEC P
NOVATEC S
NOVATHIN
NOVAWET
NOVAWET CN
NOVAWET PLUS
NULLFOAM
NUT PLUG
OILFAZE
ONE TROL HT
ONE-MUL
ONE-MUL NS
OPTISEAL I
OPTISEAL II
OPTISEAL III
OPTISEAL IV
OPTITRAK 600
OS-1L
PAD-TROL
PARADRIL B
PARALAND B

M-I SWACO PARAMIX A


M-I SWACO PARAMIX N
M-I SWACO PARAMUL

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X
X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X
X X

X
X

TH
SH
SH
SH
SH
SH
FL
SH
SH
SH
SH

FR

SH

SH
X X
X X

X
X

SH
SH
SU

X X

X X X

LU

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X
X X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X

W
LU
LU
LU
LU
LU
LU

LO

SH
FR
SH
SU

SU

LU

X
X
X
X
X
X

E
FR

X X
E
X
LO
X X X
W
X X X
W
X
LO
X
B
X
X V
X
X V

FR

FR
FR

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

FR

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

V
LU
X FR
FR
FR
X FR

FR

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X X X

X X X

LO

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X X X

X X X
X X X
X X
X X
X

W
LO
E
E
FR

X
X
X
X

V
E
E
TH

FR

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

V
E
E
TH
SU
SU
SU
D
LO
E
FR
E
E
LO
LO
LO
LO
T
CO
FR
TH

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

Secondary

Secondary

Crosslinker for ISOTHERM insulating packer


fluid system
Potassium lignite
Potassium supplement
Acrylamide copolymer shale encapsulator
Hydration suppressant
Hydration suppressant
Low-cost shale inhibitor for floc water drilling
Cationic FL for floc water drilling
Shale stabilizer
Salt-free KLA-GARD
Liquid amine shale inhibitor
Potassium-based shale inhibitor
Shale inhibitor for lignosulfonate muds
on land
Liquid polyamine shale inhibitor
KLA-STOP variant used in the North Sea
Surfactant cleaner
Liquid xanthan
Fluid loss additive for Eastern Hemisphere
Lubricant for FLOPRO NT and FLOPRO
SF systems
Acid-soluble, powdered calcium carbonate
Extreme-pressure LU
Low-toxicity LU
Low-toxicity LU
Lubricant for LSND systems
WBM lubricant
All purpose lubricant
Lubricant for enhanced-performance DRILPLEX system
Single drum emulsifier/wetting agent for the
MEGADRIL system
Fluid loss control additive in Diesel invert
emulsions
Supplemental E
Coarse-ground high-temp. asphaltene
Barite, API spec
Barite, API spec
Shredded cedar fiber
Non-U.S. biocide
Bentonite, meets API spec
Non-treated bentonite, meets API-spec
Non-treated bentonite sourced only from
Wyoming, meets API-spec
Wyoming-sourced bentonite meets API specs
General-purpose LU
Pure PAC polymer, tech Gr.
Semi?pure grade quality PAC
Semi?pure grade quality PAC
Pure PAC polymer, low viscosity
All purpose LO blend esp. suited for fractured
or vugular formations
4.1 SG barite
Ground cellulose LCM and plugging agent
Primary E for negative alkalinity system
HT emulsifier
Pre-gelatinized starch
Biocide
V, gelling agent for syn. fluid emulsion muds
Primary E for syn. fluid emulsion muds
Surfactant
LAO-based fluid
Maleated rosin polymer/glicol ether fluid
loss reducer
Low-end rheology modifier
Primary emulsifier
Secondary emulsifier
TH for synthetic system
Wetting agent for syn. fluid emulsion muds
Capped wetting agent
Capped wetting agent
Defoamer
Ground nut hulls
Sacked oil-based concentrate
Primary FR in Non-aqueous drilling fluids
High performance E for invert emulsion fluids
Emulsifier for invert emulsion fluids
Loss prevention material
Loss prevention material
Loss prevention material
Carbonate blend for wellbore strengthening
MDT tracer
Sulfite-based oxygen scavenger
Special starch
Base fluid for the PARADRIL system
Base fluid linear paraffin for the PARALAND
system
Salt for the PARALAND system
Salt for the PARALAND system
Primary E for OBM and SBM PARA systems

K-17
K-52
KLA-CAP
KLA-CURE
KLA-CURE II
KLAFLOC I
KLAFLOC II
KLA-GARD
KLA-GARD B
KLA-HIB
KLA-PLEX
KLA-SENTRY

M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO

X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X

M-I SWACO ISO-LOK


M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO

X
X
X
X
X
X

Description
of material

M-I SWACO MEGAMUL

V
W
CF
FL

Available Product
from:
tradename

M-I SWACO MEGATROL

X
X
X
X
X
X

Secondary

BR

Secondary

SU

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

F116JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

X X

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Description
of material

M-I SWACO D-SPERSE

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Fluids 2014
Available Product
from:
tradename

Product
Function

Primary

Recommended for
these systems

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

World Oils

TH

X
X
X X

SH
SH
SU

SH

V
V
SH
SH

FR
FR
FR

FR

SU
LU

TH
FR
FR
SU
E
V

FR
SU
SU

TE

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X
X X

SH
SH

SU
X

FR

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X X

X X
X

P
P

LU

X X X

LU

X
X X
X
X
X

P
P
FR
X FR
X FR

LU

V
V

SH
SH
SH

FL
FL

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X X

X FR

SH

FL

X
X
X
X

X X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

FR
SH
SH
SH

SH
FR
FR
FR

FL

X X

X SH

FR

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

FR
FR
FR
SH
SH

V
V
V

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X X
X
X
X
X
X

V
E
TE
A
V
AC
LO
FR
FR
FR
V
TH

X X
X

V
V
TH
TH
V
CF
SU
W
W
LO

FR
FR
FR

LO
LO
W
LO
LO
LO
W

X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X X
X X
X
X
X
X

X X
X
X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X
X

LU

TE
SH

TH
TH
TH

LU
TE
TE
TE

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X
X X X
X X X
X X X

X X X

X X X

FR

LO

X X X

X X X

FR

LO

X X X

X X X

FR

X X X

X X X

LO

FR

X X X

X X X

FR

X X X

X X X

FR

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X X X
X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

LO
LO
B
CO
CO
CO
CO
D
FL
FL
FR
LO
LO
FR
LU

FR
FR

LU

CO

X
X

CO
CO

CO

CO
WBC
SU
SU

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

X
X X
X X
X X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X
X
X X

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Secondary

Secondary

FL
SU

Available Product
from:
tradename

Description
of material

M-I SWACO SAFE-SURF E

Non-ionic wellbore cleaning agent for OBM


and WBM
Wash chemical
Displacement wash chemical for O/SBM
Displacement wash chemical for WBM
Non-ionic surfactant blend
Displacement wash chemical for WBM
Displacement surfactant
Non-aromatic, high-flash-point pipe dope
solvent
V for brine
Liquid V for brine
Liquid V for high-density brine
Liquid V in highly purified mineral oil carrier
Designed to meet oil and grease testing in
Gulf of Mexico
Attapulgite clay
Prevents accumulation of tar and heavy oil
on shaker screens
Shale and gumbo control additive
Scale inhibitor
Dry sodium silicate
Extreme-pressure LU for SILDRIL system
Potassium silicate version for the SILDRIL
system
Liquid sodium silicate
LU for the SILDRIL system
Sodium polyacrylate
Chrome lignosulfonate
Chrome-free lignosulfonate
Iron lignosulfonate
Ferrochrome lignosulfonate
Slightly cross-linked CM-starch
LU and ROP enhancer
Extreme pressure LU
Odor control agent and H2S scavenger
H2S scavenger
Extended life H2S scavenger
High-performance V
V, gelling agent for syn. fluid emulsion muds
Primary E for syn. fluid emulsion muds
Primary E for syn. fluid emulsion muds
High performance E for invert emulsion muds
TH for synthetic system
Wetting agent for syn. fluid emulsion muds
Hydrogen sulfide scavenger for cold climates
OBM wetting agent for high brine-content
sys.
Liquid low M.W. polyacrylate
Powdered low M.W. polyacrylate
Ground lignite
Anticrete for heavy oil to thin asphaltenes
Solvent mixture for the SAGDRIL system
Water-wetter for the SAGDRIL system
Liquid V for the SAGDRIL system
Thinner
Carbonate for the FLOTHRU system
Carbonate for the FLOTHRU system
Hydrophobic starch for the FLOTHRU system
Modified starch
V for TRUDRIL system
Encapsulator for the ULTRADRIL system
Biodegradable shale encapsulator
Encapsulator for the ULTRADRIL system
- powder
Polymeric shale inhibitor for the ULTRADRIL
system
ROP enhancer for the ULTRADRIL system
ROP enhancer for the ULTRADRIL system
especially with PDC bits
ROP enhancer for the ULTRADRIL system
designed for land use
Non-hydrocarbon version of ULTRAFREE
ROP enhancer for the ULTRADRIL system in
the North Sea
Shale inhibitor for the ULTRADRIL system
ULTRAHIB variant for the North Sea
Modified PAC
Modified PAC, ultra-low viscosity
Polysaccharide
Base fluid for the VERSACLEAN system
E for oil mud
E for oil mud
High flash point version of VERSACOAT
Base oil for the VERSADRIL system
Hectorite
Modified lignite for oil muds
Oil-soluble LU
Oil mud gelling agent and V modifier
Basic E package for oil muds
Thermally-activated organic thixotrope

M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO

SAFE-SURF NS
SAFE-SURF O II
SAFE-SURF W
SAFE-SURF WE
SAFE-SURF WN
SAFE-SURF Y
SAFE-T-PICKLE

M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO

SAFE-VIS
SAFE-VIS E
SAFE-VIS HDE
SAFE-VIS LE
SAFE-VIS OGS

M-I SWACO SALT GEL


M-I SWACO SCREENKLEEN
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO

SHALE CHEK
SI-1000
SILDRIL D
SILDRIL EPL
SILDRIL K

M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO

SILDRIL L
SIL-LUBE
SP-101
SPERSENE
SPERSENE CF
SPERSENE CFI
SPERSENE I
STABLETROL
STARGLIDE
STEEL LUBE EP
SULFATREAT 410 HP
SULFATREAT DFS
SULFATREAT XLP
SUPRAVIS
SUREMOD
SUREMUL
SUREMUL EH
SUREMUL PLUS
SURETHIN
SUREWET
SV-120
SWA EH

M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO

TACKLE
TACKLE DRY
TANNATHIN
TARCLEAN
TARLIFT
TARSURF
TARVIS L
THINSMART
THRUCARB
THRUCARB 20
THRUTROL
TROL-PLEX
TRUVIS
ULTRACAP
ULTRACAP NS
ULTRACAP P

M-I SWACO ULTRACAP PLUS


M-I SWACO ULTRAFREE
M-I SWACO ULTRAFREE II
M-I SWACO ULTRAFREE L
M-I SWACO ULTRAFREE NH
M-I SWACO ULTRAFREE NS
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO

ULTRAHIB
ULTRAHIB NS
UNIPAC SUPREME R
UNIPAC SUPREME UL
UNITROL
VERSACLEAN B
VERSACOAT
VERSACOAT HF
VERSACOAT NA
VERSADRIL B
VERSAGEL HT
VERSALIG
VERSALUBE
VERSAMOD
VERSAMUL
VERSAPAC

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

Secondary

High-temp. asphaltene
Wetting agent for OBM and SBM
Wetting agent for breaker systems for OB
filter cakes
M-I SWACO PERF-N-PEEL
WBM fluid loss/damage control system for
perforated completions
M-I SWACO PIPE-LAX
Oil-based surfactant for freeing stuck pipe
M-I SWACO PIPE-LAX ENV
Low-toxicity liquid stuck pipe soaking fluid
M-I SWACO PIPE-LAX ENV WH
Western Hemisphere version of PIPELAX ENV
M-I SWACO PIPE-LAX OB
OB spotting fluid
M-I SWACO PIPE-LAX W EXPORT
Oil-based liquid stuck pipe soaking fluid
M-I SWACO POLYPAC ELV
Extra-low viscosity PAC
M-I SWACO POLYPAC R
Polyanionic cellulose
M-I SWACO POLYPAC SUPREME R Polyanionic cellulose, premium Gr.
M-I SWACO POLYPAC SUPREME UL Polyanionic cellulose, premium Gr., ultralow viscosity
M-I SWACO POLYPAC UL
Polyanionic cellulose, ultra-low viscosity
M-I SWACO POLY-PLUS
Liquid high M.W. PHPA polymer
M-I SWACO POLY-PLUS DRY
Dry PHPA polymer
M-I SWACO POLY-PLUS LV
Low-viscosity PHPA polymer
M-I SWACO POLY-PLUS RD
Readily-dispersible powdered high M.W.
PHPA polymer
M-I SWACO POLY-SAL
Preserved non-fermenting starch
M-I SWACO POLY-SAL HT
Non-fermenting starch deriviative
M-I SWACO POLY-SAL T
Non-fermenting tapioca starch derivative
M-I SWACO POROSEAL
Latex modified starch polymer
M-I SWACO POROSEAL NS
New formulation for use in REACH areas
M-I SWACO POWERVIS
Viscosifier that creates less pump pressure
and thermal convection
M-I SWACO POWERVIS L
Liquid version of POWERVIS
M-I SWACO PRIMO-MUL
Emulsifier for PRIMO-FAZE SYSTEM
M-I SWACO PTS-200
Polymeric temp. stabilizer
M-I SWACO PTS-530
Alkalinity control agent
M-I SWACO RAPID SWEEP
Dissolvable PHPA Stick
M-I SWACO RE-PLEX
Anionic scavenger for DRILPLEX system
M-I SWACO RESEAL
Highly compressive graphite
M-I SWACO RESINEX
Resinated lignite
M-I SWACO RESINEX EH
RESINEX version for Eastern Hemisphere
M-I SWACO RESINEX II
Resinated lignite, tech Gr.
M-I SWACO RHEBUILD
V for RHELIANT system
M-I SWACO RHEDUCE
TH for RHELIANT system
M-I SWACO RHEFLAT
Rheological modifier for RHELIANT system
for GoM & non-CEFAS areas
M-I SWACO RHEFLAT NS
Rheological modifier for RHELIANT system
for use in CEFAS areas
M-I SWACO RHEFLAT PLUS
Rheological modifier, Anti-Sag Additive
M-I SWACO RHEFLAT II
Rheological modifier for RHELIANT system
M-I SWACO RHEOCHEK
Deflocculant
M-I SWACO RHEOSPERSE
Polymeric high-temp. deflocculant
M-I SWACO RHETHIK
Rheological modifier for RHELIANT system
M-I SWACO SAFE-BREAK 611
Non-emulsifier
M-I SWACO SAFE-BREAK CBF
Emulsion preventer for brine
M-I SWACO SAFE-CARB
Sized ground marble
M-I SWACO SAFE-CARB 10
Ground marble; fine grind, D50 = 10 microns
M-I SWACO SAFE-CARB 1400
Ground marble; D50 = 1400 microns
M-I SWACO SAFE-CARB 2
Ground marble; very fine grind, D50 =
2 microns
M-I SWACO SAFE-CARB 20
Ground marble; fine grind, D50 = 20 microns
M-I SWACO SAFE-CARB 250
Ground marble; coarse grind, d50 = 250
microns
M-I SWACO SAFE-CARB 2500
Ground marble; D50 = 2500 microns
M-I SWACO SAFE-CARB 40
Ground marble; medium grind, d50 = 40
microns
M-I SWACO SAFE-CARB 500
Ground marble; extra coarse grind, D50 =
500 microns
M-I SWACO SAFE-CARB 600
Ground marble; D50 = 600 microns
M-I SWACO SAFE-CARB 750
Ground marble; D50 = 750 microns
M-I SWACO SAFE-CIDE
Non-US biocide
M-I SWACO SAFE-COR
Brine corrosion inhibitor
M-I SWACO SAFE-COR C
Brine corrosion inhibitor
M-I SWACO SAFE-COR EN
Amine-based CO
M-I SWACO SAFE-COR HT
High temp. brine CO
M-I SWACO SAFE-DFOAM
Defoaming agent
M-I SWACO SAFE-FLOC I
Flocculant
M-I SWACO SAFE-FLOC II
Flocculant
M-I SWACO SAFE-LINK
Filtration control agent for CF systems
M-I SWACO SAFE-LINK 110
Cross Linked polymer
M-I SWACO SAFE-LINK 140
Cross Linked polymer
M-I Swaco SAFE-LINK 150
Cross Linked polymer
M-I SWACO SAFE-LUBE
Water-soluble brine LU
M-I SWACO SAFE-LUBE CW
Water-soluble brine Lubricant for cold
climates
M-I SWACO SAFE-SCAV CA
Oxygen scavenger for calcium and zinc
brines
M-I SWACO SAFE-SCAV HS
Soluble H2S scavenger
M-I SWACO SAFE-SCAV HSW
Soluble H2S scavenger containing methanol
M-I SWACO SAFE-SCAV NA
Oxygen scavenger for sodium and potassium brines
M-I SWACO SAFE-SCAVITE II
Calcium scale preventer
M-I SWACO SAFE-SOLV 148
Displacement solvent
M-I SWACO SAFE-SOLV E
Displacement solvent
M-I SWACO SAFE-SOLV OM
Dispersible solvent for O/SBM

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Description
of material

M-I SWACO PARATROL HT


M-I SWACO PARAWET
M-I SWACO PEN-X

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Fluids 2014
Available Product
from:
tradename

Product
Function

Secondary

Recommended for
these systems

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X

X X X

SU

X
X
X
X

V
V
V
V

FR
FR
FR
FR

TH

FR
FR

X X X

X X
X X
X X

X
X

X X

Primary

World Oils

SU
SU
SU
SU
SU
SU
WBC

X X X

X X X

SU

X
X
X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X

SH
CO
SH
LU

X X

SH

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

SH
LU
X
X FR
X
TH
X
TH
X
TH
X
TH
X
FR
X
LU
X
LU
X
CO
X
CO
X
CO
X
V
X
V
X
E
X
E
X X
E
X
TH
X
SU
X
CO
X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X X
X
X
X
X
X X

X
X
X

FR
SH
FR
FR
TE

FR

SU
FR
SU
SU
E

X X

SH

X X

SH

X X

SU

LU

X X

SU

LU

X X

SU

LU

X X

SU

LU

X X

SU

LU

X
X

SH
SH
FR
FR
FR
TH
E
E
E
TH
V
FR
LU
V
E
V

X
X
X
X

X
X
X X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X

FR
SH
FR
E
TH

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X
X
X X

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

X X
X X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X

TE

TH
TH
TH
SH
SU
SU
V
TH
FR
FR
FR
FR
V
SH
SH

X
X
X

SU

FR

FR

FR

SH
LU
SU
SU
SU
LU
FR

TE
TE
TE

FR
LO

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

World Oil/JUNE 2014F117

M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO

VERSAVERT B
VERSAVERT BT
VERSAWET
VERT-TROL
VG-69
VG-PLUS
VG-SUPREME
VINSEAL COARSE

M-I SWACO VINSEAL FINE


M-I SWACO VINSEAL MEDIUM
M-I SWACO WARP CONCENTRATE, OB
M-I SWACO WARP CONCENTRATE,
WB
M-I SWACO WARP DRY OB
M-I SWACO WARP HPHT PREMIX
M-I SWACO WARP OB PREMIX
M-I SWACO WARP UF
M-I SWACO WELLZYME A
M-I SWACO WELLZYME III
M-I SWACO XP-20 N
M-I SWACO XP-20K
Montello
HME ENERGIZER
Montello
Montello
Nalco

MON PAC
MON PAC ULTRA LO
ASP 185

Nalco
Nalco
Nalco

ASP 700
ASP 713
EC9349A

Nalco
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark

N-9806
CyberCoat
CyberMul
CyberPlus
CyberSeal
CyberTrol
CyberVis DW50
CyberVis RM
DeepDrill Inhibitor
DynaDet
DynaFiber
DynaFree
DynaLose CM
DynaLose W
DynaLose Y
DynaNite
DynaPlex
DynaVert SFT
EvoCon
EvoLube DPE
EvoLube S
EvoMod
EvoTrol
EvoVis
FlexFirm
FlexThin HTZ
GageCon
GageTrol
GageVis
HiPerm
LST-Md
New100N
NewArmor
NewBar
NewBridge
NewCarb (F,M,C)
NewCarb Ultimix
NewEdge
NewFlow
NewGel
NewGel NT
NewLig
NewPac PR
NewPac R

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

High-density colloidial suspension


Dry micronized barite
HPHT premix for WARP systems
OB premix for WARP systems
Dry micronized barite
Enzymatic polymer breaker for water-based
reservoir drill-in fluids
Enzymatic polymer breaker for water-based
reservoir drill-in fluids registered for North
Sea use
Chrome lignite, sodium hydroxide,
neutralized
Potassium chrome lignite
Selective non-ionic SU for wetting asphalt
and asphalt-like prod.
Polyanionic cellulose
Low-viscosity polyanionic cellulose
Multipurpose FO; anionic, hydrocarbon
tolerant
High MW V/shale stabilizer
High MW V/shale stabilizer
High MW latex polymer; anionic viscosifier,
shale stabilizer
Shale stabilizer
Wetting agent
Emulsifier
Low-toxicity emulsifier
Lost circulation material
HPHT fluid loss additive
Polymeric rheological modifier
Polymeric rheological modifier
Proprietary HPWB shale inhibitor
Detergent
Micronized cellulose fibers
Unwighted spotting fluid
Modified starch
White starch
Yellow starch
Asphaltite fluid loss control agent
HPHT fluid loss additive
One sack weightable spotting fluid
Fluid conditioner
HPHT drilling performance enhancer
Drilling performance enhancer
HPHT synthetic low-end rheology modifier
Anionic fluid loss control agent
HPHT polymeric viscosifier
Potassium silicate shale stabilizer
Zirconium complexed thinner
Anion surpressor
Fluid loss control
MMO
Amine clay stabilizer
Liquid sulfonated asphalt
Water-activity control agent
Film forming amine corrosion inhibitor
4.2 SG Barite
Sweep/bridging material
Sized calcium carbonate
Coarse calcite/marble with precise PSD
High-grade humate
Ferrochrome lignosulfonate
Bentonite
Untreated bentonite
Lignite
Premium-grade PolyanionIc cellulose
PolyanionIc cellulose

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X
X
X

TH

X
X
X

SU
FR
FR

FR

X
X
X
X
X
X X
X

TH
TH
SU
FR
V
V
V

X X X

X X

FL

X X X

X X

FL

X X X

X X

FL

X X
X

X X X

X X X

X X X

X X
X X X

W
W
W
W

X X

BR

X X

BR

FR
FR

W
X X

LU
LU
E

FR
FR
FR

X X X

TE

TH

X X X

TE

TH

X X X

SU

X
X

X
X

X X
X X

X
X

FR
FR

V
V
SH

FO
X
X

X
X

X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X
X X
X X

X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X

X
X
X X X
X
X
X
X
X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark
Newpark

NewPacLV
NewPacPLV
NewPhalt
NewPhase
NewPHPA
NewPHPA D
NewPHPA DLMW
NewPHPA DSL
NewPlug (F,M,C)
NewSeal
NewStabil
NewWate
NewZan D
NoFoam A
NoFoam X
OptiClean
OptiG
OptiLig
OptiMul II
OptiPlus II
OptiThin
OptiTrol
OptiVert
OptiVis RM
OptiWet
TopSpot
X-Prima

NOV

AQUA-FILM CM

NOV

AQUA-FILM HP

NOV

AQUA-FILM HT

Polyanionic cellulose
X X
Premium-grade PolyanionIc cellulose
X X
Sulphonated asphalt
X X
Water-activity control agent
High-MW anionic polyacrylamide
X X
High-MW anionic polyacrylamide
X X
Low-MW anionic polyacrylamide
X X
Very low-MW anionic polyacrylamide
X X
Nut shells
X X
Sized carbonaceous seepage agent
X X
Alkaline buffering agent
X X
4.1 SG Barite
X X
Xanthum gum
X X
Alcohol-based defoamer
X X
Concentrated defoamer
X X
General purpose cleaning agent
HPHT asphaltite
X X
Amine treated lignite
Primary emulsifier
Secondary emulsifier
Organic thinner
Polymeric HPHT FR
Primary emulsifier
Polymeric rheological modifier
Oil wetting agent
Non-toxic organic spotting fluid
X X
One sack high solids, high fluid loss LCM
X X
squeeze
Anionic, carboxymethyl starch filtration
FR V
control additive
Non-ionic hydroxypropyl starch filtration
FR
control additive
Anionic carboxymethyl starch filtration conFR
trol additive for HPHT applications
High purity pre-gelatinized white starch
FR
filtration control additive
Economical yellow pre-gelatinized starch
FR
filtration control additive
Tapioca starch-based filtration control
FR V
additive
Bentonite extender
V FR
Swelling lost circulation material for combatMLCM
ing severe to total circulation losses
Shreaded cedar wood-based lost circulation
material for combating minor to severe
LO
Circulation losses
Chrome lignosulfonate thinner
TH FL
Chrome-free lignosulfonate thinner
TH FL
High temperature Bentonite deflocculant,
TH FL
breaker
De-emulsifier, emulsion breaker
BR
Water clarifier
BR
All-purpose corrosion inhibitor
CO
Filmng amine based corrosion inhibitor
CO
Sodium erythorbate-based oxygen-catalyzed
CO
corrosion inhibitor
Corrision inhhibitor for high temperature
CO
(>300F) applications
Oxidative corrosion inhibitor
CO
Lost circulation material for controling
seepage and regaining mild to moderate
LO
lost circulation
ROP enhancer
SU
Drilling lubricant
LU SH
Fluid loss reducer for synthetic-based
FR V
drililng muds
Primary emulsifier for synthetic-based
E FR
drilling muds
Secondary emulsifier for synthetic-based
E FR
drilling muds
Wetting agent for synthetic-based drillSU E
ing muds
Thinner for synthetic-based drilling muds
TH SU
Oil dispersant
SU
Environmentally friendly drilling lubricant,
LU FR
torque & drag reducer
Lost circulation additive for combating severe
LO
to total losses
Low end rheology modifier for OBM
V
Trimer acid based low end rheology modiV
fier for OBM

NOV

AQUA-FILM W

NOV

AQUA-FILM Y

NOV

AQUA-FILM T

NOV
NOV

Ben-Ex
BORE-SWELL

X SH
X SH

FR
FR

E
SU

NOV

Cedar Fiber

SH

SU

NOV
NOV
NOV

CHEMSPERSE
CHEMSPERSE CF
CHEMTEMP

NOV
NOV
NOV
NOV

CLEAR-BREAK
CLEAR-BREAK W
COR-CHEK
COR-CHEK AFM
COR-CHEK CA

NOV

COR-CHEK HT

NOV
NOV

COR-CHEK O2
Cottonseed Hulls

NOV
NOV
NOV

DE-2000 Plus
DL-100
ECO-SYN FLR

NOV

ECO-SYN PE

SH
TH
E
E
LO
FR
V
V
SH
SU
LO
P
FR
FR
FR
FR
FR
P
TH
LU
LU
V
FR
V
SH
TH
AC
FR
V
RDF
SH
SH
CO
W
LO
LO
LO
FR
TH
V
V
FR
FR
FR

V
SU
SU
E
SU FR
SU FR
FR
HPHT
E
FR
HS HPWB
FR
V

SH LU
HPHT

HPWB HPHT
SH HPWB
HPHT HPWB
HPHT HPWB
HPWB
TE FR
RDF
SH HPWB
FR HPWB
HS HPWB

WBC
W
W
TH
E
FR
E
FR WBC
FR WBC
TH
E
V
V

NOV

ECO-SYN SE

NOV

ECO-SYN WA

NOV
NOV
NOV

ECO-SYN THIN
ECO-SPERSE
ENVIRO-SLIK

NOV

Enviroplug

NOV
NOV

FLO-MOD LE
FLO-MOD TA

NOV
NOV
NOV
NOV
NOV
NOV
NOV

FOAM-OUT A
FOAM-OUT S
FOAM-OUT G
FOAM-OUT B
FRICTION-EZE
HDL Plus
HEC-LINK 11

NOV

HEC-LINK 14

NOV

HEC-VIS L

NOV
NOV
NOV

HEC-VIS
ISO-DRILL
ISO-DRILL Plus

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

Alcohol based defoamer


Silicone based defoamer
Glycol based defoamer
Defoamer for completion brines
General purpose drilling lubricant
Ester based drilling lubricant
Temporary crosslinked HEC fluid loss control
gel for perforation operations
Acid removable crosslinked HEC fluid loss
control gel for completion brines
Liquid HEC dispersion for workover and
completion fluids
Granular HEC
Liquid PHPA (30%) dispersion
Liquid PHPA (50%) dispersion

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

X X X
X X X
X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X X X
X X X
X X

X
X

X
X
X

X X X

MLCM

X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X

X X X X
X

X X
X X

X X X X
X X X X

X
X

X
X

X
X

X X X X

X X
X X

X X X X
X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X
X X

X X X X
X X X X

X
X
X
X

TH

HTHP

X
X X

X X X X

X X

X X

X X

X X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

RDF

FR

RDF

RDF

V
X X
SH V LU X X
SH V LU X X

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

FR
V
FR
V
SH FR
SU SH
SH
V
LU
SH
V
LU
SH
SH
LO WBC
LO
A
TE
W
V
FR WBC
D
D
SU
FR SH
FR HPHT
E
SU FR
E
SU FR
TH SU
E
FR HPHT
E
SU FR
V
E
FR
SU
E
FR
P

X X X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

D
D
D
D
LU
LU CO
FR

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X
X
X X
X
X
X

Secondary

Description
of material

SH

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

F118JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

E
TH

Available Product
from:
tradename

Secondary

Primary E for VERSAPRO system


Oil mud dispersant
Version of VERSATHIN made with VERSACOAT HF
Reduces oil retained on cuttings
Naturally occuring asphaltene
High-temp. asphaltene
Lignite/asphaltene blend for HPHT filtration control
Base fluid for VERSAVERT system
Thin version of worker-friendly base oil
Wetting agent for oil mud
Asphaltic fluid-loss additive
Organophilic clay
Organophilic clay
Organophilic clay
Coarse-grind filtration agent and electric
stability agent
Fine-grind filtration agent and electric
stability agent
Medium-grind filtration agent and electric
stability agent
High-density colloidial suspension

Secondary

M-I SWACO VERSAPRO P/S


M-I SWACO VERSATHIN
M-I SWACO VERSATHIN HF

Secondary

Description
of material

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Fluids 2014
VERSATRIM
VERSATROL
VERSATROL HT
VERSATROL NS

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Available Product
from:
tradename

M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO
M-I SWACO

Product
Function

Primary

Recommended for
these systems

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

World Oils

X X X X
X X X
X X X

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

K-TROL
MAX-SPERSE
MAX-SPERSE CF
Mica

NOV

NOV BAR

NOV
NOV

NOV CARB
NOV FIBER

NOV
NOV

NOV GEL HY
NOV GEL NT

NOV

NOV Graphite

NOV

NOV LIG

NOV
NOV

NOV LIG R
NOV LIG K

NOV

NOV LIG PH

NOV

NOV OBM Seal

NOV

NOV PAC LV

NOV
NOV
NOV
NOV

NOV PAC R
NOV PAC Plus
NOV PAC Plus LV
NOV PLUG

NOV
NOV
NOV

NOV WATE
NOV WATE 4.0
NOV XAN D

NOV

NOV XAN L

NOV
NOV
NOV

NOV XAN ND
XC Polymer
XanVis Liquid

NOV

PAVE-BLOK

NOV

PAVE-PLEX

NOV
NOV

PAVE-TEX
PERM-CON

NOV
NOV

PETRO-MUL I
PETRO-MUL I HT

NOV

PETRO-MUL II

NOV

PETRO-MUL II HT

NOV
NOV

PETRO-WET
PETRO-WET T

NOV
NOV

PETRO-THIN
PETRO-SORB

NOV
NOV

PIPE-FILM H
Poly-Plug

NOV
NOV
NOV
NOV

POLY-SPA
PREMA-VIS
PREMA-VIS Plus
PREMA-VIS HT

NOV
NOV

PRO-GUARD CA
PRO-GUARD H2S
PRO-GUARD HT

NOV

PRO-GUARD O2

NOV
NOV

RHE-TEMP
SEAL-UP

NOV

Shur-Plug

NOV
NOV
NOV
NOV
NOV
NOV

SALT GEL
STARTROL
STIK-FREE
STIK-FREE W
STIK-FREE ECO
STIK-FREE ECO W

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

LU

X X
LU X X

X X X
X X X

SH

X X X

X X

X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X X X

W FL X X

X X X X

FL LU X X

X X X X

FL
FL

X X

X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X X X

LU

X X X X

X X

TH TE X X

X X

Description
of material

NOV
NOC
NOV
NOV

STRES-FREE
SUPR-RATE
SURF-FREE CB
TENSION-EZE

NOV
NOV
NOV

TERALINE
TERAPERM
TERAPLUS

NOV

TERASTAY

NOV

TRAXX Block

NOV

TRAXX TC

NOV

TRIPLE A

NOV
NOV
NOV

TRU-FLUSH
TRU-FLUSH A
ULTRA-BEADS CP

NOV

ULTRA-BEADS G

Flow line friction reduer


ROP enhancing additive
SU TH LU
Surfactant package for stimulation treatment SU
Surfactant additive to minimizine solids
SU
accretion
Choline chloride permanent clay stabilizer
SH
Clay stabilizer
SH
Tetramethylammonium chloride + choline
SH
chloride chloride clay stabilizer
Tetramethylammonium chloride clay
SH
stabilizer
Shale control additive for POLYTRAXX
SH HPWB
system
High performance shale control additive, ROP
SH HPWB
enhancing additive for POLYTRAXX
Anti-accretion additive for drilling appliLU FR
cations
Casing wash, surfactant
WBC
Casing wash
WBC
Spherical copolymer bead lubricant, reduces
LU
torque & drag
Spherical glass bead lubricant, torque &
LU
drag reduction

NOV

VAPR G

FL LU X X

X
NOV

TH TE X X

X X

TH SH X X

X X

NOV

TH

NOV

X X

FR

V
V

CO

X X

X X X
X X X
X X X X
X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X
X X

X X X X
X X X X

X
X

X
X

X X

X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X
X X

X X X X
X X X X

X
X X

X X X X

X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X X X X

X
X

X
X

X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X

X X X X

LO

X X

X X X X

V
LO HTHP
P
P
P

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

X X

X X X X
X X X X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X X X

Oleon
Oleon
Oleon
Oleon
Oleon
Oleon
Oleon
Oleon
Oleon
Oleon

X
X

NOV
NOV
NOV
NOV
NOV

V
LO FL

X X
X X
X X

Primary emulsifier for PETROS diesel muds E FR


Primary emulsifier for high temperture PETE FR
ROS diesel muds
Secondary emulsifier for PETROS diesel
E SU
invert muds
Secondary emulsifier for high temperture
E SU
PETROS diesel muds
Wetting agent for PETROS diesel muds
SU E
Concentrated wetting agent for PETROS
SU E TH
diesel muds
Thinner for PETROS diesel inverts
TH SU E
Absorbant solid for aqueous and nonaqueous spills
Filming amine corrosion inhibitor
CO
X
Crosslinking LCM for moderate to severe
MLCM
X
lost circulation
HTHP fluid loss control additive
FR
HTHP
Organophilic bentonite
V FR E
High perforamnce organophilic bentonite
V FR E
Organophilic hectorite for high temperature
V FR HPHT
applications
Sodium erythorbate-based oxygen scavenger CO
X
Hydrogen sulfide scavenging additive
CO
X
Anti oxidant package for high temperature
CO HTHP
X
applications

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X X

Barite weighting material (SG = 4.1)


W
Barite weighting material (SG = 4.0)
W
Granular high molecular weight xanthan gum
V RDF
plus dispersant
High molecular weight xanthan gum disperV RDF
sion for adding viscosity and suspension
Granular, non-dispersiable xanthan gum
V
Readily dispersible granular xanthan gum WBC V FR
High purity, clarified, readily dispersible
WBC V RDF
granular xanthan gum
Non-damaging, carbon-based lost circulation
material for treating seepage and minor to LO
severe lost circulation
Sulfonated asphalt/causticized lignite blend
for controlling filtrate losses and enhanced FR SH
wellbore stability
Shale stabilizer, filtrate control additive
SH FR
De-emulsifier, emulsion breaker, wettBR SU
ting agent

Sodium metabisulfite-based oxygen


scavenger
Rheology modifier
Blended lost circulation material for controlling seepage as well as moderate to severe
lost circulation
Ground hardwood for controlling seepage and regaining mild to moderate lost
circulation
Attapulgite, saltwater gel
HPHT fluid loss reducer and shale stabilizer
Diesel based spotting fluid
Weightable diesel-based spotting fluid
Environmentally safe spotting fluid
Weightable, environmentally safe spotting fluid

Available Product
from:
tradename

Oleon
Oleon
Oleon
Pacer
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO

Clouding glycol shale control agent for salinities up to 150,000ppm


VAPR P
Clouding glycol shale control agent for salinities >150,000ppm
VAPR S
Clouding glycol shale control agent for salinities <150,000ppm
Walnut Shells
Ground and sized walnut shells for regaining
lost circulation
WASH-UP
Liquid surface cleaner/degreaser
WASH-UP ECO
Environmentally friendly liquid cleaner/
degreaser
WASH-UP Dry
Granular cleaner/degreaser
Gilsonite Dispersion
Gilsonite suspension in synthetic oil
Gilsonite
Granular, sized Gilsonite for controlling
filtrate losses
RADIAGREEN BDMF
Environmentally friendly synthetic-based
RADIAGREEN BDMF VLV Environmentally friendly synthetic-based
RADIAGREEN CLO
Stimulation additive and mud cake breaker
RADIAGREEN CLW
Surface and cased hole cleaner
RADIAGREEN EBL
Ester-based LU for water-based muds
RADIAGREEN EBO
Multi purposes environmentally friendly LU
and ROP enhancer
RADIAGREEN EME SALT Environmentally friendly LU for heavy brines
RADIAGREEN EMUL
Oil mud emulsifier
RADIAGREEN RA
Reservoir enhancer
RADIAGREEN SL
Environmentally friendly LU for high ph
water-based (silicate muds)
E-24
Blend of emulsifying & wetting agents
EMS 6+
Rheology modifier
Drilling Lube
Lubricant for OBM
LCM MICA
Fine, Medium and Coarse mica
ANTIFOAM HD
Defoamer for high density fluids
BRINE VIS HB
Rheology modifier for heavy brines
DENSE CORR
CO for high density fluids
DFT BAR
API Barite
DFT BIPOLY
Xanthan gum
DFT BRINE VIS
Hydroxyethylcellulose
DFT CARB
Calcium carbonate
DFT C-BRIDGE
Biodegradable cellulosic LCM
DFT CFL
Chrome free lignosulfonate
DFT CIDE L
Bactericide
DFT CIDE P
Granular bactericide
DFT CON
Secondary emulsifier
DFT CORR (B)
Brine soluble filming amine
DFT CORR (D)
Corrosion inhibitor for drilling fluids
DFT DETERGENT
Drilling detergent
DFT DI TROL
Modified starch for drill-in fluids
DFT DRILL-IT ACC
HPWBM ROP enhancer, DRILL-IT system
DFT DRILL-IT CAP
HPWBM encapsulator, DRILL-IT system
DFT DRILL-IT INHIB
HPWBM shale inhibitor, DRILL-IT system
DFT FLOC
Well-bore clean-up flocculant
DFT GEL
API/OCMA Bentonite
DFT GILSONITE (WD) Water disperisble gilsonite
DFT GLYCOL
Wide range molecular weight glycol
DFT HSS
Hydrogen sulfide scavenger
DFT LCM PLUG
Massive lost circulation material
DFT LIG
Causticized lignite
DFT LIGNITE
Lignite
DFT LUBE
Lubricant for WBM
DFT MgO
Magnesium oxide for alkalinity control
DFT MUL
Primary emulsifier
DFT PAC R
Polyanionic cellulose high vicosity
DFT PAC SL
Polyanionic cellulose low viscosity
DFT PHPA D
Phpa dry
DFT PHPA L
Phpa liquid
DFT PLUG SQUEEZE
Polymeric LCM squeeze pill
DFT PLUG XLA
Accelerator for Plug Squeeze
DFT PLUG XLR
Retarder for Plug Squeeze
DFT RESIN
Resinated lignite
DFT RINSE
Well-bore clean-up surfactant

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

X X

Secondary

NOV
NOV
NOV
NOV

Readily dispersible granular PHPA


SH
Low moluecular weight granular PHPA
SH
Heavy metal free polymer based liquid thinTH
ner/deflocculant
Potassium-based inhibitor
V
Chrome containing tannin based thinner
TH
Chrome free, tannin based thinner
TH
Lost circulation material, best performance
LO
when used in conjunction with other LCM
Barite weighting material meeting API
W
specs (sg=4.2)
Acid soluble calcium carbonate, sized
LO
Ground and sized cellulosic lost circulation
material for controlling seepage up to moder- LO
ate or severe lost circulation
Polymer extended, API spec. Wyoming
V
Bentonite
Treated, high yeild Bentonite
V
Non-treated, premium Wyoming bentonite,
V
API spec.
Sized amorphous graphite for treating lost
circulation and for spotting to reduce friction, LO
torque & drag
Lignite-based dispersant/filtration control
FL
additive
Resinated lignite
FL
Potassium hydroxide containing lignite filtraFL
tion control additive/dispersant
Causticized lignite filtration control additive/
FL
dispersant
Lost circulation additive specifically for diesel
LO
and synthetic based drilling fluids
Low viscosity polyanionic cellulose filtration
FR
control additive
Polyanionic cellulose - regular
FR
Polyanionic cellulose filtration control additive FR
Polyanionic cellulose filtration control additive FR
Ground and sized nut shells for controlling
LO
seepage and mild to severe lost circulation

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

ISO-DRILL RD
ISO-DRILL LV
LIQUI-THIN

Secondary

NOV
NOV
NOV

Secondary

Description
of material

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Fluids 2014

NOV GEL

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Available Product
from:
tradename

NOV

Product
Function

Secondary

Recommended for
these systems

Primary

World Oils

X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X
X X

X X X X
X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X
X X

X X X X
X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X

X X X X

X X

X X X X

SH LU
SH LU
SH LU
LO FR
SU
SU
SU
FR SH
FR SH
X
X
X X

X
LU
LU

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X X X

SB
SB
SU
SU
LU

X X X

LU

X X X

LU
E
SU

P
SU

X X X
X X
X

X X

LU

X X X

E
V
LU
LO
D
V
CO
W
V
V
LO
LO
TH
B
B
E
CO
CO
SU
FR
SU
SH
SH
FL
V
SH
SH
CO
MLMC
TH
TH
LU
A
E
FR
FR
SH
SH
MLMC
MLMC
MLMC
FR
SU

LU

X X
X X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X X X
X X X
X X
X X
X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X
X X
X X X
X X X
X X
X X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X X
X X X

X
X
X
X X X
X
X
X X X
X
X
X
X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X X

X
X

TH
TH

FR

FR
W
FR
LU
SU

E
V
LU
FR
FR
LU
LU

TE
TE

FR
FR

SH

FR
V
SH
FR
FR

FL
FL

TH

TE

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

World Oil/JUNE 2014F119

PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
PICO
QMax

Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid

RAPID QO 200

Quantum EF emulsifier

Rapid

RAPID QW 100F

Quantum EF emulsifier

Rapid

RAPID QW 150

Quantum EF emulsifier

Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid

RAPID S PHALT
RAPID SEAL
RAPID SHALE-FIX
RAPID SHALE-FIX RD
RAPID SPERSE
RAPID SPOT

Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid

RAPID SUPER SEAL


RAPID SURF 300
RAPID SURF 400
RAPID SURF 500

Sulfonated asphalt
LCM Fiber, fine, medium, coarse
PHPA polymer
PHPA polymer powder
Asphalt/Gilsonite coupler
Synthetic stuck pipe spotting fluid concentrate
Squeeze and seepage graded material
Well cleaning synthetic solvent
Well cleaning Surfactant
Flocculating Surfactant

QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

DFT SOLV PD
DFT SPOT
DFT SPOT W
DFT STARCH NF
DFT SURF
DFT SYNTONE
DFT THIN
DFT THIN X
DFT THIX
DFT TONE
DFT VIS
DFT VIS PLUS
DFT WET
DFT XANTHAN GUM
DRILL HIB
DRILL TROL
GLY DENSE
NO FOAM
CBMax

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X

SU
P
P
FR
SU
FL
TH
TH
V
FR
V
V
SE
V
SH
FR
V
D

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X X

X X X

X
X X
X X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X X
X

X X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X

FR
FR
E

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X
X X X
X X X
X X
X X
X X X
X X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X
X

X X

X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X X X
X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

RIG-CHEM
RIG-CHEM
RIG-CHEM
RIG-CHEM
RIG-CHEM
RIG-CHEM
RIG-CHEM
RIG-CHEM
RIG-CHEM
RIG-CHEM
RIG-CHEM
RIG-CHEM
RIG-CHEM
RIG-CHEM
RIG-CHEM
Roquette
Roquette
Roquette
Roquette
Roquette
Roquette
Roquette

LU
E
E
FR
SB
FR

LO

E
V
SH
SH
SH
SH

TH
TH
SH
FR
LU
LU
LU

X X X
X X X
X X
X X
X X X

X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X X X MLCM
X
SU WBC
X
SU WBC
X
SU WBC

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

X
X
X
X

FR

LU

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

FR
SB
SH
X
LU
FR
FR

Roquette
Roquette
Roquette
Scomi

RC PAK-3
RC PDR-4000
RC PDR-6000
RC PIGOUT-404
PROTECTOL C
RC RIGFOAM-3
RC RIGVIS-EH
RC RIGXAN-L plus
RC VERSAFLOC LHD
RC VERSAFLOC LHD+
RC-3
RC-4
RC-7
RC-8
TREAT O CLA
AMIDON MDF 12
AMIDON M-SE 180P
AMIDON M-ST 380
AMIDON M-ST 380 P
CLEARGUM CO 01
GLUTEN DE MAIS
POLYSORB 70/12
- HYDROGENATED
GLUCOSE
POLYSORB 75/05/75
SODIUM GLUCONATE
TACKIDEX N-735
AS100

Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi

BREAK-FREE
BREAK-FREE NW
CDEEP-BAR
CDEEP-MOD
CDEEP-MUL
CDEEP-RM
CDEEP-THIN
CDEEP-THIN ll
CDEEP-TROL
CIRRUS CPG
CONFI-BIO SURF

Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi

CONFI-EMUL P
CONFI-EMUL S
CONFI-GEL
CONFI-GEL PLUS
CONFI-GEL HT
CONFI-GEL ll
CONFI-GEL XHT
CONFI-KLEEN

Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi

CONFI-LUBE
CONFI-MOD
CONFI-MOD HT
CONFI-MOD XHT
CONFI-MUL HT
CONFI-MUL XHT
CONFI-MUL P
CONFI-MUL S
CONFI-MUL SA
CONFI-PLEX
CONFI-RM
CONFI-RM HT
CONFI-RM XHT
CONFI-SEAL
CONFI-SPOT
CONFI-SPOT PLUS
CONFI-SURF
CONFI-SURF PLUS
CONFI-TEC P
CONFI-TEC HT
CONFI-TEC XHT

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

X X X

X X
X X X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X
X

X
X

X
X X
X X X
X

X X X

X X X

WBC SU

X X X

X X X

WBC SU

X X X

X X

X WBC SU

X X X

X X X

X X X

X X

CO CF
SU
SU
TH
X
SU
X FO
X
V
LO
X
X V
LO
X
FL WBC
X
FL WBC
X
SU
X X X
SU
X X
SU
X X
SU
X
SH
E
FR
FR
FR
E
E

X
X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

D
SU WBC

CF
CF

HPHT LU
HPHT CO
V

X
X
X

X X X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

P
P
W
V
E
V
TH
TH
FR
SH

X X

WBC

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

E
E
V
V??
V
V
V

X X

WBC

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

FR
LU

LU

FR

X X
X X
X

X
Polyols in solution
Crystalline powder
Pea starch
Acid generating product for use in breaker
fluids
Weighted spotting fluid
Non weighted spotting fluid
Fine grind barite for CONFI-DEEP system
Flat rheology modifier for CONFI-DEEP
Emulsifier for CONFI-DEEP
Secondary rheology modifier for CONFI-DEEP
TH for CONFI-DEEP
TH for CONFI-DEEP
FR for CONFI-DEEP
Low-Cloud point glycol for shale control
Well Bore clean up with low environmental
impact
Primary emulsifier
Secondary emulsifier
Organophilic clay
Organophilic clay
Organophilic Hectorite clay
Organophilic clay
HPHT V for NAF
Blend of surfactants and solvents designed
to suspend solids
Ester-based lubricant
Viscosifier for OBM
Viscosifier for OBM
Viscosifier for OBM for ultra HT
Primary emulsifier for HT
Primary emulsifier for Ultra HT
Primary emulsifier
Secondary emulsifier
Low temp. rheology
Synthetic polymer viscosifying agent for OBM
Viscosifier for OBM
Viscosifier for OBM for HT
Viscosifier for OBM for Ultra HT
Organophilic lignite
Spotting agent for SBM
Well Bore Clean up for SBM
WBC fluid
WBC fluid
Emulsifier for low density systems
Secondary emulsifier for HT
Secondary emulsifier for Ultra HT

SU WBC
E
TE
E
SU
V
FR
FR TE
SH LU
SH
V
TH
E
SU WBC
SH FR

X
X
X X
X

Secondary

Well cleaning Surfactant


Primary emulsifier
Secondary emulsifier
Organo-bentonite
Oil mud gilsonite
Polymer drill fluid system
Polymer for TopHole system
Oil wetting agent
Synthetic biodegradable solvent
Gilsonite slurry in a glycol-glycerol carrier
Surfactant blend, wellbore and displ.
clean-up
Surfactant blend, wellbore and displ.
clean-up
Surfactant blend, wellbore and displ.
clean-up
Silicone emulsion D
Biodegradable general purpose cleaner
concentrate
Packer fluid CO
Pickling solvent
Pickling solvent
Oil soluble pipeline cleaner
Surface cleaner and protectant
Foamer
Environmentally-safe HEC suspension
Environmentally-safe XC suspension
FL polymer, wellbore and displ. and cleanup
FL polymer, wellbore and displ. and cleanup
Neutral cleaner concentrate
Cleaner concentrate for synthetic muds
General purpose cleaner concentrate
General purpose cleaner concentrate
Clay Stabilizer
OSA starch
CWS starch
CWS starch
CWS starch
OSA starch
Vegetal protein
Polyols in solution

RAPID SURF 600


RAPID SV I
RAPID SV II
RAPID SV VISCOSIFIER
RAPID SV-G
RAPID TOPHOLE
RAPID TOPHOLE THV
RAPID TWA
RAPID WELL FLUSH
RAPID BLACK
RC CC-1250

RIG-CHEM RC D&D3

Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
Rapid
RIG-CHEM

RIG-CHEM RC DEFOAMER W1
RIG-CHEM RC GREEN MAGIC

X
X
X
X
X

Description
of material

RIG-CHEM RC CC-1250M

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
CO
CO
HPWX
BM
LU
LU
LU
LO
TH
SU
TH
D
CO
LU
LO
X MLCM
V
FR
FR
X FR
E
HPWBM
HPWBM
HPWBM
HPWBM
SH
LO
V
X
E

Available Product
from:
tradename

Secondary

Secondary

Secondary
FR

X
X
X

F120JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

X X
X X
X X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X

X
X X
X
X
X X

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Description
of material

Well-bore clean-up solvent


Spotting fluid
Weighted spotting fluid
Non-fermenting starch
Displacement surfactant for OBM clean-up
FR for SBM
OBM dispersant
Acrylate copolymer
OBM LSRV modifier
Gilsonite for OBM/SBM
Organophilic clay
High-viscosity organoclay for OBM/SBM
OBM wetting agent
Clarified xanthan for drill-in fluids
Shale inhibitor for heavy brine fluids
FR for heavy brine fluids
Viscosifier for heavy brines
Defoamer
Proprietary blend for BHS /seepage control
for CBM drilling
Filtravis
Proprietary Fluid Loss Reducer
MicroVis
Enhanced foam viscosifier
Mud Lite
Enhanced foam surfactant
Q'AAL
Bitumen Antiaccretion Agent
Q'Block
Non damaging seepage control/bridging
material for SAGD Drilling
Q'Break
Polymer/Filter cake breaker
Q'Clean
Bitumen Cleaner
Q'Core
Proprietary Blend for Coring in Reactive
Formations
Q'Core II
Proprietary Blend for Coring
Q'EL
Shale Encapsulating Water Soluble Polymer
Q'Flow
Antiphase Trap Additive
QM II
Blended Silicate Salts
Q'MaxDrill
Chloride free shale inhibitive amine
Q'MUL C
Combined Emulsifier for OBM
Q'MUL I
Primary emulsifier for OBM
Q'MUL II
Secondary emulsifier for OBM
Q'PAC LV
Polyanionic cellulose - Low Viscosity
Q'PAC R
Polyanionic cellulose - High viscosity
Q'PLUG II A
Polymer Cross-linker
Q'PLUG II HMW
High Molecular Weight Cross-linking Polymer
Q'PLUG II LMW
Low Molecular Weight Cross-linking Polymer
Q'Star ENV
Modified Starch for LWD
Q'Strip
Solids Flocculant for Mud Stripping
Q'STOP C
Sized Cellulose Fiber - Coarse
Q'STOP F
Sized Cellulose Fiber
Q'Wet
Oil Wetting Agent
Q'Wet XL
Oil Wetting Agent
Q'Xan XCD
Xanthan Gum
Smart Seal
LCM/Seepage Control Product
ENERHIB PF4100
Packer fluid inhibitor (concentrate)
ENERHIB PF4135
Packer fluid inhibitor
QUANTUM EF
Plant dervied water-based drilling fluid
system
RAPID BEADS C
Ceramic beads
RAPID BEADS G
Glass beads
RAPID BEADS P
Plastic beads
RAPID CARB
Sized calcium carbonate
RAPID CFLS
Chrome-Free ligonsulfonate
RAPID CLEAN 600
Degreaser/detergent
RAPID CLS
Chrome ligonsulfonate
RAPID DEFOAM 10
Drilling fluid defoamer
RAPID DRILCORE 1600 Corrosion inhibitor while drilling
RAPID ENERLUBE
Synthetic extreme pressure lubricant
RAPID FIBER
Cellulose fiber LCM blend
RAPID FRACSEAL
Squeeze and seepage graded material
RAPID GEL
High-yield bentonite
RAPID HUMIDRILL
High humic acid lignite
RAPID LIG
Ground leonardite
RAPID PAC LV
Low vis. polyanionic cellulose
RAPID PLEX
Spotting fluid emulsifier
RAPID QDF 130
Quantum EF defoamer

Q'Max
QMax
QMax
QMax
QMax

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Fluids 2014
Available Product
from:
tradename

Product
Function

Primary

Recommended for
these systems

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

World Oils

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

FR

LU

FR
FR
FR HPHT
FR
FR
FR
FR HPHT
HPHT

LU

FR HPHT
HPHT

E
E
E
E
V
V
V
V
V
FR
P
WBC
WBC
WBC
E
E
E

FR
FR
FR
FR HPHT
E HPHT

HPHT
HPHT
FR
FR
FR

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

TH for NAF systems


FR for NAF
VHT softening point gilsonite
UHT softening point gilsonite
Liquid FR for NAF
HT softening point gilsonite
Proprietary FR and RM for OBM/SBM
Filtration and suspension control - Liquid
Filtration and suspension control - Liquid
Filtration and suspension control for HT
Filtration and suspension control for Ultra
HT systems
CONFI-TROL XHT L
Filtration and suspension control for HT
CONFI-TROL XHT Lll
Filtration and suspension control forHT
systems
CONFI-TROL L
Filtration and suspension control for HT
CONFI-TROL Lll
Filtration and suspension control for Ultra
HT systems
CONFI-VIS
HPHT V for NAF
CONFI-VIS PLUS
HPHT V for NAF
CONFI-WET
Oil-wetting agent
COR-MUSCLE
Three-in-one corrosion inhibitor
CS200
Chelator for use in breaker fluids
CUMULUS CPG
Cloud point glycol
DRILL-BAR
API barite
DRILL-GEL
API bentonite
DRILL-GEL UA
API non-treated Wyoming bentonite
ES400
Enzyme fo use in breaker fluids
FERRO-THIN
Iron lignosulphonate
FIBRO-SEAL
Seepage loss control
FIBRO-SEAL C
Seepage loss control
FORM-8 C
Caesium formate brine
FORM-8 K
Potassium formate (dry)
FORM-8 N
Sodium formate (dry)
Glutaraldehyde
Glutaraldehyde biocide
GUAR GUM
Guar gum
HEC
Hydroxyethyl cellulose
HYDRAMINE
Water-dispersible filming amine
HYDRO-BUFF
pH buffer and polymer extender
HYDRO-CAP L
Liquid, high molecular weight, PHPA polymer
HYDRO-CAP RD
Readily dispersibleHMW PHPA
HYDRO-CAP SC
Low MW PHPA
HYDRO-CAP XP
HMW PHPA
HYDRO-CHECK
Co-Polymer as deflocculant
HYDRO-DEFOAM
Multi purpose D
HYDRO-DEFOAM A
Alcohol-based defoamer
HYDRO-DEFOAM S
Low-toxicity D
HYDRO-FILM
Filming amine
HYDRO-FLOCC
Bentonite extender
HYDRO-HIB
Shale inhibitor
HYDRO-KLEEN
Bio-degradable detergent
HYDRO-LIG
Lignite
HYDRO-LIG C
Causticized lignite
HYDRO-LUBE
WBM lubricant
HYDRO-LUBE SL
WBM lubricant for silicate muds
HYDRO-LUBE SL PLUS Premium WBM lubricant for silicate muds
HYDRO-MAX
Manganese tetraoxide
HYDRO-MD
Mud detergent
HYDRO-PAC LV
Polyanionic cellulose
HYDRO-PAC PLUS LV Premium polyanionic cellulose
HYDRO-PAC PLUS R
Premium polyanionic cellulose
HYDRO-PAC R
Polyanionic cellulose
HYDRO-PAC UL
Polyanionic cellulose
HYDRO-PLAST
Sulphonated asphalt
HYDRO-PLAST PLUS Premium sulphonated asphalt
HYDRO-PLUG
Nut shells
HYDRO-POL
Sodium polyacrylate
HYDRO-REZ
Polyanionic, lignin resin
HYDRO-SEAL G
Graphite bridging agent
HYDRO-SEAL G FINE Graphite bridging agentfine size
HYDRO-SIL K
Potassium silicate liquor
HYDRO-SIL S
Sodium silicate liquor
HYDRO-SPERSE
Chrome lignosulphonate
HYDRO-SPERSE CF
Chrome-free iron lignosulphonate
HYDRO-SPERSE HT
TH and TE for HT environments.
HYDRO-SPERSE RS
TH and TE for HT environments.
HYDRO-STAR CMS
Modified polysaccharide
HYDRO-STAR CMS PLUSModified polysaccharide
HYDRO-STAR HT
Modified starch
HYDRO-STAR NF
Non fermenting, polymerized starch
HYDRO-STARCH
Pregelatinised corn starch
HYDRO-TAN CF
Chrome-free, modified tannin
HYDRO-THERM
HT filtration control
HYDRO-THERM II
AcrylamideAMPS copolymer
HYDRO-THIN
Liquid, low-molecular-weight anionic
polymer
HYDRO-THIN HT
TH for HT environments
HYDRO-THIN HT ll
TH for HT environments

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X X
X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X
X X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X
X X
X X
X X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X
X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X

FR HPHT

X X

FR HPHT HPHT

X X

FR HPHT HPHT

X X

FR HPHT

X X

FR HPHT

X X
X X
X X

V
V
TH
CO

FR
FR

SH
W
X V
X V

LU

X X

TH
LO
X X
LO
SH
X X
SH
X X
SH
X B
V
V
X
X CO
CO
X
SH
X
SH
X
SH
X
SH
X
TH
X
D
X
D
X
D
X
CO
V
X
SH
X X X X SU
X
TH
X
FR
X
LU
LU
LU
X X X
W
X
SU
FR
FR
FR

X X

X TH

X X X
X X X

X
X

TH
TH

X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X
X
X X X
X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

FR

FR
FR

RDF
RDF
RDF

HPHT

FL

TH

SH
SH
SH
SH TE
FR
FR MLCM

Description
of material

Scomi
Scomi

HYDRO-THIN HT L
HYDRO-THIN L

Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi

HYDRO-WASH
HYDRO-ZAN
HYDRO-ZAN L
HYDRO-ZAN PLUS
HYDRO-ZAN PLUS RD

Scomi
Scomi
Scomi

HYDRO-ZAN RD
HYDRO-ZAN T
HYDRO-ZAN TRD

Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi

HyPR-ACP
HyPR-BAR
HyPR-CAP
HyPR-CAP HM
HyPR-CSP
HyPR-STAR
HyPR-DRL
HyPR-HIB
HyPR-LUBE
HyPR-PLEX
ISOTHIAZOLIN
KXP-019
KXP020
KXP-022
KXP-026
KXP-029
LUBRI-GREEN
LUBRI-GREEN II
MY-PAC LV
MY-PAC R
NIMBUS CPG
OPTA-CARB

Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi

OPTA-CARB 5, 20,
50, 100
OPTA-LUBE CB
OPTA-MUL
OPTA-PAC
OPTA-SAL M

TH for HT environments
Liquid, low-molecular-weight anionic
polymer
WBC fluid
Xanthan gum
Xanthan gum, liquid
Xanthan gum, premium grade
Xanthan gum, premium grade readily
dispersible
Xanthan gum, readily dispersible
Xanthan gum, technical grade
Xanthan gum, technical grade readily
dispersible
Co-Polymer as encapsulator and dispersant
Fine grind barite
Terpolymer for HPWBM
Co-Polymer as encapsulator and flocculant
Aminic Shale Inhibitor
Fluid Loss Control Agent for HPWBM
Bit and BHA balling preventer
Ammonium salt inhibitor for HPWBM
WBM lubricant
Shale inhibitor for WBM
Isothiazolin-based biocide
HT Emulsifier
HT Fluid Loss additive
Deepwater Rheology Modifier
Ultra HT Emulsifier
Amine for use in HPWBM
Ester-based lubricant
Ester-based lubricant
Tech grade PAC
Tech grade PAC
Cloud point glycol for saturated salt systems
Acid-soluble calcium carbonate bridging agent
Custom-sized bridging material

Scomi

OPTA-SAL M

Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi
Scomi

OPTA-SAL UL
OPTA-STAR
OPTA-STAR PLUS
OPTA-VIS
OPTA-ZAN
OPTA-ZYME S
OX-SCAV
OX-SCAV CA
OX-SCAV S
RE-VERT
RHEO-PLEX
SCALE-HIB

Scomi
Scomi
Shrieve
Shrieve

SEA-GEL
SS300
BIO-ADD 1000
BIO-ADD 1107

Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve

BIO-ADD 1200
BIO-ADD 1239
BIO-ADD 2000
BIO-ADD 2200
BIO-ADD 2300

Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve

BIO-ADD 2400
BIO-ADD 2600
BIO-ADD 2700
BIO-ADD 2850

HPHT
HPHT
FR

Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve

BIO-ADD 3100
BIO-ADD 3213
BIO-ADD 3220
BIO-ADD 3230
BIO-ADD 3500
BIO-ADD 378
BIO-ADD 4100

FR
FR
FR

Shrieve
Shrieve

BIO-ADD 4110
BIO-ADD 4130

TE HPHT
HPHT
HPHT

Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve

BIO-ADD 4145
BIO-ADD 4148
BIO-ADD 4500

FR
FR

Shrieve

BIO-ADD 4510

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

Lubricant for brine fluids


Emulsifier For NAF DIF - OPTA-VERT
FR for DIF and Formates
Specially sized salt with anti caking properties used as bridging agent in RDF
Specially sized salt used as bridging
agent in RDF
One sack LCM for DIF
High purity non-fermenting starch for DIF
Proprietary starch for OPTA-FLO
DIF high quality viscosifier
Clarified xanthan
Enzyme breaker for DIF
Liquid oxygen scavenger
Oxygen scavenger for calcium brines
Powder oxygen scavenger
Emulsion prevention for completion fluids
MMH
LMW acrylic polymer for scale inhibition
in WBM
API attapulgite
Solvent for us in OPTA-SOLVE breaker system
Pipe freeing agent
Solid sodium asphalt sulfonate filtrate
reducer
Clay inhibitor-liquid KCl replacement
Permanent clay stabilizer
Water insoluble corrosion inhibitor
Water-dispersible corrosion inhibitor
Water-dispersible/alkaline stable brine corrosion inhibitor
Phosphated ester corrosion inhibitor
Water-dispersible corrosion inhibitor
Water-dispersible corrosion inhibitor
Amide concentrate-surfactant pourable for
formulating as corrosion inhibitor
Defoamer glycol-based
Highly effective wellbore cleaner
EP lubricant
Lubricant/surfactant
Defoamer silicone-based
Anti-Accretion ROP enhancer for WBM
Amphoteric rheology modifier-general
purpose
Rheology modifier
Fatty acid derivatives low-end rheology
modifier
Cationic rheology modifier
Rheology modifier - cationic
Medium charge, high MW, polyacrylamide
emulsion
Medium charge, medium MW, polyacrylamide emulsion

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

X X X

TH

X X

X TH

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X X
X
X
X

X X X

RDF

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X

V
V

RDF
RDF

X X X

RDF

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X
X
X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X X X

FR

WBC
V RDF
V RDF
V RDF

SH
X
W
SH
SH
SH
FR
SU
SH
LU
SH
X B
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

FR
HPWB
FR HPWB
FR HPWB

LU

LU
LU
FR
FR
SH

LU

X X X

LO

FR

X X X

RDF

FR
RDF
LO

FR

X X

FR
RDF

X X

LU
E
FR

X X

LO

RDF

X X

LO

RDF

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

RDF
RDF
RDF
RDF
RDF

X X X

X X X

X
X

LO
FR
FR
V
V
RDF
CO
CO
CO
CF
V

Secondary

Available Product
from:
tradename

SH
LU
LU

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Secondary

TH
FR
FR
FR
FR HPHT
FR
FR
V
FR
FR
FR HPHT

FR
SH
SH
LO
FR
FR
LO
LO
SH
SH
TH
TH
TH
TH
FR
FR
FR
FR
FR
TH
FR
FR

X
X
X
X

Secondary

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Description
of material

CONFI-THIN
CONFI-TROL
CONFI-TROL 400
CONFI-TROL 450
CONFI-TROL F
CONFI-TROL HT
CONFI-TROL VT
CONFI-TROL EHT
CONFI-TROL FHT
CONFI-TROL HT
CONFI-TROL XHT

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Fluids 2014
Available Product
from:
tradename

Product
Function

Secondary

Recommended for
these systems

Primary

World Oils

LU

X X X

X X X

FR

X
X

X X
X X X

X X X

X
X
X

SH
SH
CO
CO

X X X

CO

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X

CO
CO
CO

X X X

CO

X X X

V
X X

X X
X
X
X
X

D
WBC
LU
LU SU
D
SH LU

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X X

X X X

X X X

X X

X X
X X

V
V

SU

X X

TH

X X

TH

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

SH

TE

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

World Oil/JUNE 2014F121

Shrieve

BIO-BASE 168

Shrieve

BIO-BASE 200

Emulsion of partially hydrolized high MW


polyacrylamide
Secondary emulsifier
Primary emulsifier
Wetting agent / low cost primary emulsifier
Lubricant for brines, all density
Resinated lignin
Extreme pressure lubricant
Spotting fluid for freeing stuck pipe
General purpose lubricant
Well clean up/micellar surfactant
Drilling detergent for heavy gumbo
General purpose lubricant
Synthetic C15-18 Isomerized olefinbased fluid
Synthetic C16-18 Isomerized olefinbased fluid
Linear alpha olefin blend-based fluid,
C1618 LAO
Linear alpha olefin blend-based fluid,
C141618 LAO
C16 linear alpha olefin
Synthetic C11-13 paraffin, linear
Synthetic C11-16 paraffin-based fluid, linear
and branched blend
Vegetable ester-based fluid
Olefin-paraffin blend-based fluid for onshore
applications
C11-14 paraffin-based fluid blend
Air Drilling Corrosion Inhibitor
Phosphate ester Corrosion Inhibitor
Corrosion Inhibitor
Emulsifier
Secondary emulsifier
Rheology modifier
Rheology modifier
Low-MW polypropylene glycol mixture
High-MW polypropylene glycol mixture
Mid-cloud point glycol ether
High-cloud point glycol ether
Low cost glycol ether mixture
Wetting agent for WBM-cleaner for displacement from SBM to Brine
Biocide
Highly effective non-aldehyde biocide
Highly effective non-aldehyde biocide
Lubricant for water-based muds
High temperatuer filtration control agent
Synthetic 11-13 Linear and C8 - C26
Linear olefin blend-based fluid, C141618LAO
and C8 -C26
C8- C26 Distillates
Lub for water-based muds and coil tubing
Lubricant for water-based muds
Lubriant for water-bsed muds
High Temperature Secondary Emulsifier
High Temperature Primary Emulsifier
Wetting Agent - Corrosion Inhibitor
Shale Inhibitor
Biocide
Biocide
High Temperature Acid Corrosion Inhibitor
Filtercake Carbonate Dissolver
Microemulsion Solvent for Acidizing
Alkanes, Linear and Branched, light paraffins
Self Buffering Crosslinker
Encapsulated lube/targeted friction inhibitor

BIO-BASE 250
BIO-BASE 260
BIO-BASE 300
BIO-BASE 360

Shrieve
Shrieve

BIO-BASE 410
BIO-BASE 550

Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve

BIO-BASE 560
BIO-COR 1014
BIO-COR 2300
BIO-COR 2899
DME 101
DME 102
DME 301
DME 401
DRILL COL 699
DRILL COL 700
DRILL-COL 240
DRILL-COL 340
DRILL-COL 705
MEGA-SURF 100

Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve

OMEGA 5150
SHRIEVE-CIDE 500
SHRIEVE-CIDE 505
BIO-ADD 770
BIO-ADD 7200
BIO-BASE 540
BIO-BASE 557

Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Solazyme,
Inc.
So. Clay
So. Clay

BIO-BASE 625
Bio-Add 757
Bio-Add 706
Bio-Add 706A
Bio-Add 5001
Bio-Add 6001
Bio-Cor 1002
Bio-Add 1244
Busan 1058
KBAC 1020
Bio-Cor 1011
Bio-Add 910
Bio-Add 8605
Bio-Base 365
Bio-Cross 101
Encapso
CLAYTONE 3
CLAYTONE AF

So. Clay
So. Clay

CLAYTONE ER
CLAYTONE II

So. Clay
So. Clay

CLAYTONE IMG-400
CLAYTONE-EM

So. Clay

CLAYTONE SF

So. Clay

Garamite 7303

So. Clay

Garamite 1958

So. Clay

Garamite 7305

So. Clay

Laponite RD

Strata
Strata

FOAM-BLAST
FRAC-ATTACK

Strata
Strata
Strata

STRATA-FLEX - F&M
STRATA-LCM
STRATA-LUBE

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

TH

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X X

X
X

X
X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X X X
X X X

X
X

X X
X X
X
X X
X X

E
E
E
LU
TH
LU
P
LU
SU
SU
LU

SB

SB

SB

SB

X
X

SB
SB

SB

SB
X CO
CO
CO
E
E
TH
TH
SH
LU
SH
SH
SH

LU
SH
FR
FR
FR
SU

X
X

X
X

X X X

X X X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

B
B
B
LU
FR
SB

SB

X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

FL

FR
FR

LU
X X

X X

X X

X X

X X

LO

V
MLCM
FR MLCM

X X X

X X X

X X X X MLCM

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X X X
X

LO
LO
LU

MLCM
FR
FR

BLACKNITE
C-MUL
COASTAL SPOT
COASTALUBE
DRILLCON-D
EK-2000
EZESLIDE
FOAMBUSTER
GUMBO-SHIELD
LIQUIBEADS
LUBRA-GLIDE
LUBRAMAX
SX-PLUS
ANTI-FOAM HD
AO-ACTIVATOR
AO-EPC
AO-EW
AO-FLA-L
AO-FLA-LC
AO-SYSTEM
BORECLEAN
BREAKE C
BRIDGECARB-ULTRA
BRIDGECARB-ULTRA
FINE
BRIDGESAL-ULTRA
BRIDGESAL-ULTRA SF
CIB
CL FREE
DEFOAM 2
FL-7 PLUS
FL-7 PLUS L
FORMATE STABILIZER
FORMATROL
FORMAVIS ULTRA
FRACSAL FR-143

TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC

TBC

X X X X

Sun
Sun
Sun
Sun
Sun
Sun
Sun
Sun
Sun
Sun
Sun
Sun
Sun
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC

Fine grade blend of cellulose fibers


Precoupled gilsonite and select resins
PKG lost circulation pill-on-a-pallet mixed
in drilling mud
Multi-particle well bore strengthener
PAOROP enhancer
PAO environmentally safe spotting fluid
PAO-based LU/ROP enhancer
Liquid shale inhibitor
Degreaser
Lubricant/friction reducer
Defoamer
Gumbo shale inhibitor stablizer
Liquid mechanical LU
Copolymer bead-solid LU
Nanocomposite HT/HP Bead - solid LU
Carbon seepage loss agent
Defoaming agent
Viscosifier
Clay
Emulsifier
Organo lignite suspension
Copolymer/organo lignite suspension
Oil-based mud system, all-oil fluid
High molecular weight glycol
Calcium peroxide
Polymer and sized calcium carbonate blend
Polymer and sized calcium carbonate blend

TBC
TBC

X X

X X X

STRATA-SCM
STRATA-TROL
STRATA-VANGUARD

TBC

X X
X

Strata
Strata
Strata

TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC

SB
LU
LU
LU
E
SU
E
SU
CO
SH
B
B
CO
WBC
WBC
SB
V

X
X
X X
X X
X

FL

SB

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

FR

SB

X
X
X

X
X
X

FL

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

SU
SU
SU

X X

X
X
X
X

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

F122JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

X
X X
X X
X X

Economic organoclay, suspension aid/gellant


Activator free organobentonite, viscosity and
suspension control
Superior high-yield organobentonite
Economy organo-bentonite viscosity,
susp. Aid
High-yield organo bento-nite, viscosity aid
Rapid dispersing organo-clay gellant,
susp. aid
Superior high-yield organobentonite for
synthetic fluids used in drilling fluids and
frack slurries
High performance mixed mineral suspension
aid for low polarity fluids
High performance mixed mineral suspension
aid for medium polarity fluids
High performance mixed mineral suspension
aid for medium polarity fluids
High performance synthetic suspension aid
X
for water-based systems
X
PKG lost circulation pill-on-a-pallet mixed
X
in drill water
Elastomeric sealant
X
Medium Gr. blend of cellulose fibers
X
Liquid lubricant for drilling and sliding
X

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X X

Description
of material

TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC

FR
LU

TBC
TBC

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X X X
X X X

LO FR
HPHT SH

X X X

X X X X MLCM

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X X X
X X X

X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X

SH
LU
P
LU
SH

X X X
X LU
D
SH
X LU
X X X LU
X X
LU
X X
LO
D
X
SU
X
V
X
SU
X
FR
X
FR
X
OBM
SH
X
WBC
LO

FR
SH
LU
SH

SU
LU

FR
FR

TH
TH
TH
WBC
SU
FR

LO

FR

LO
LO
CO
SH
D
FR
FR
TE
FR
V

FR
FR

Polymer and sized salt blend


Polymer and sized salt blend
Corrosion inhibitor
Organic amine
Defoaming agent
Derivatized starch
Derivatized starch suspension
Low molecular weight polyglycol
Derivatized starch
Xanthan gum biopolymer
Cationic, high molecular weight polyacrylamide
FRACSAL I
Borate salt crosslinking suspension
FRACSAL II
Borate salt crosslinking suspension
FRACSAL III
Borate salt crosslinking suspension
FRACSAL NE-136
Nonionic, ethoxylated polyglycol blend
FRACSAL NE-137
Nonionic, ethoxylated polyglycol blend
FRACSAL ULTRA
Borate salt crosslinking suspension
FRACSAL WATERBASE Borate salt crosslinking suspension
GLYSOL
Derivatized starch
GLYSOL SF 400M
High molecular weight polyethylene glycol
HYSAL C
Blend of polymers, buffers and CaCO3
HYSAL HD
Polymer and sized salt blend for high
density brines
HYSAL HT
Blend of polymers, buffers and sodium chloride for high temp. and densities
HYSAL SUPERFINE
Polymer and sized salt blend for high
density brines
INHIBISAL ULTRA B
Low molecular weight polyglycol
INHIBISAL ULTRA SI-141Alkylenepolyamine phosphonic acid-based
scale inhibitor
LUBETEX
Lubricant
OSS PILL
Polymer and oil soluble resin blend
OSS PILL ULTRA
Polymer and oil soluble resin blend
PBS PLUG 2000
Polymer and inorganic salt blend
PBS PLUG 500
Polymer and inorganic salt blend
PBS PLUG ACTIVATOR Inorganic salt blend
PBS PLUG RETARDER Inorganic salt blend
PLUG-SAL
Sized sodium chloride
PLUG-SAL X
Sized sodium chloride
PLUG-SAL XC
Sized sodium chloride
POLYTEX AHT
Organic polymer
POLYTEX AHT-L
Organic polymer suspension
SANHEAL PILL
Polymer/carbonate blend
SLUGGIT
Coarse calcium carbonate
SLUGGIT CM
Coarse calcium carbonate
SLUGGIT PLUS
Coarse calcium carbonate
SOLUBRIGE
Oil-soluble bridging agent
SOLUBRIGE COARSE Sized oil soluble resin
SOLUBRIGE FINE
Sized oil soluble resin
SOLUBRIGE MID
Sized oil soluble resin
SOLUVIS
Oil-soluble polymer and organic salt blend
THIXQUIK-L
HEC suspension
THIXSAL-ULTRA
Biopolymer derivatized starch blend
THIXSAL-ULTRA
Drill-in fluid, sized sodium chloride
SYSTEM
ULTRA BREAKE M
Magesium peroxide
ULTRA PF SYSTEM
Drill-in fluid - high temp. sized calcium
carbonate

X X X

WBC SU

X X X

RDF

ULTRACARB 12
ULTRACARB 2

X
X

X X X
X X X

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

Sized calcium carbonate


Sized calcium carbonate

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X
X X

SU

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

CF
CF
CF
SU
SU
CF
CF
FR
TE
LO

V
V
FR

X X X

LO

FR

X X X

LO

FR

X X X

LO

FR

X X X

SH

TE
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X X

L
LO
LO
MLCM
MLCM
MLCM
MLCM
LO
LO
LO
FR
FR
LO
LO
LO
LO
LO
LO
LO
LO
LO
V
FR

FR
FR

W
W
W
V
V
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
FR
FR
V

RDF

LO
LO

W
W

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

Secondary

BIO-ADD 5000
BIO-ADD 6000
BIO-ADD 6030
BIO-ADD 702
BIO-ADD 7300
BIO-ADD 751
BIO-ADD 7550
BIO-ADD 777
BIO-ADD 8605
BIO-ADD 940
BIO-ADD 945
BIO-BASE 100LF

Available Product
from:
tradename

Secondary

BIO-ADD 4520

Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve

Secondary

Shrieve

Secondary

Description
of material

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Fluids 2014

Shrieve

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Available Product
from:
tradename

Shrieve
Shrieve
Shrieve

Product
Function

Primary

Recommended for
these systems

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

World Oils

TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
TBC
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

LO
LO
LO
RDF
LO
LO
LO
LO
V
V
A
V
B
V
V
B
B
B
B
A
A
CF
CF

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

LO
LO
LO

FR
CO
FR
FR
CO
CO
CO
CO

W
W

X X

X
X
X
X

X X X

X
X
X
X

X X X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

A
A
CF
A
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CF
CF
LU
FO
TH
CO
A
BR
CO
CF
CF
CF
A
A
HS
W
HS
CF
CF
CF
CF
CF
CF
CF
CO
CO
TE
LO

CA

RDF

LO

RDF

LO

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

RDF
FR
SU
SU
CA
CA
SH
LU
HS
V
V
V
V
A
WBC
WBC
WBC
WBC
WBC
WBC
CF
CF
CF
CF
CF

LO
LO

X
X X
X X
X

W
W
SU
SU

W
W
W

W
W
W
W
W
W
W

FR

FR

LO
LO
LO
LO
FR
FR
FR
FR

SU
SU
SU
SU
LO
W
W
W
W
W

Description
of material

TETRA DEFOAM HB
Defoamer
TETRA DIRT MAGNET Flocculant
TETRA EXPRESS
Premium Gr. calcium chloride anhydrous
TETRA H2S SCAVENGER T Hydrogen sulfide scavenger
TETRA H2S SCAVENGER ZF Hydrogen sulfide scavenger
TETRA MAGMAFIBER FINE Fine-Gr., acid-soluble, fibrous LCM
TETRA MAGMAFIBER
Medium-Gr., acid-soluble, fibrous LCM
REGULAR

Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra

TETRA OMD
Oil mud detergent
TETRA O-SOL
Wellbore cleanup chemical surfactant
TETRA PREFLUSH
WBM prewash sweep
TETRA SMARTSEAL
Fluid loss control
TETRA SMARTSEAL PAD Fluid loss control
TETRA SS COARSE
Selected PSD-range blend of ground NaCl,
1,00010,000 microns
Tetra
TETRA SS FINE
Selected fine grind NaCl, 1800 microns
Tetra
TETRA SS MEDIUM
Selected PSD range blend of ground NaCl,
1001,500 microns
Tetra
TETRA SS PRIME
Fine-grind, broad PSD range NaCl, 95% <
74 microns
Tetra
TETRA SS ULTRA
Ultra-fine grind, narrow PSD range NaCl,
95% < 44 microns
Tetra
TETRA TEMPERATURE Thermal stabilizer for polymers
EXTENDER
Tetra
TETRABAN N 501
Corrosion inhibitor
Tetra
TETRACARB
Acid-soluble bridging agents
Tetra
TETRACARB COARSE Highly acid-soluble, coarse grind CaCO3
blend, 1,0003,500 microns
Tetra
TETRACARB FINE
Highly acid-soluble, select grind CaCO3,
10500 microns
Tetra
TETRACARB FLAKE
Flaked calcium carbonate
Tetra
TETRACARB MEDIUM Highly acid-soluble, select grind CaCO3,
851,200 microns
Tetra
TETRACARB PRIME
Highly acid-soluble, coarse grind CaCO3
blend, 2150 microns
Tetra
TETRACARB ULTRA
Ultra-fine grind, narrow PSD range CaCO3,
95% < 15 microns
Tetra
TETRACIDE D
Broad spectrum biocide
Tetra
TETRACLEAN 103
Flocculant
Tetra
TETRACLEAN 105
Surfactant wash
Tetra
TETRACLEAN 106
Wellbore cleanup surfactant extender
Tetra
TETRACLEAN 107
Surfactant wash
Tetra
TETRACLEAN 109
Surfactant wash
Tetra
TETRACLEAN 110
Surfactant wash
Tetra
TETRACOR NA
Corrosion inhibitor
Tetra
TETRAFLEX 110
Gelled polymer
POLYMER
Tetra
TETRAFLEX 135
Gelled polymer
POLYMER
Tetra
TETRAFLEX CATALYST Catalyst
Tetra
TETRAFLEXPH STAY
pH Buffer
Tetra
TETRAGLIDE CT
Lubricant
Tetra
TETRAHIB
Corrosion inhibitor
Tetra
TETRAHIB PLUS
Corrosion inhibitor
Tetra
TETRASOL
Solvent
Tetra
TETRASOL PDR
Pipe dope remover
Tetra
TETRASOL PDR PLUS Pipe dope remover
Tetra
TETRAVIS
HEC polymer, dry
Tetra
TETRAVIS BREAKER
Viscosity breaker
Tetra
TETRAVIS EXTENDER Temp. extender
Tetra
TETRAVIS L PLUS
Liquid HEC, double strength
Tetra
TETRAVIS-L
HEC polymer, liquid
Tetra
TETRA-XCD
Dry biopolymer
Tetra
TETRAZYME S1
Filter cake breaker
Tetra
TETRAZYME X1
Filter cake breaker
Tetra
THERMAFIX
Insulating packer fluid
Tetra
ZNBR2 PURE SOLUTION Pure zinc bromide solution
Tolsa
BERKBENT DM
Fresh water drilling bentonite
Tolsa
BERKBENT GDM
Wyoming bentonite
Tolsa
PANGEL B10
Organosepiolite
Tolsa
PANGEL B20
Organosepiolite
Tolsa
PANGEL B5
Organosepiolite
Tolsa
PANGEL FP
Sepiolite clay rheological additive
Tolsa
SMECTAGEL SWC
Attapulgite salt water clay
Turbo-Chem E Z SQUEEZE
High solids, high fluid loss LCM squeeze
Turbo-Chem PREMIUM SEAL (REG, Cellulose fiber sealant
FINE)
Turbo-Chem SWEL LCM
Gelled, swelling/sealing agent, LCM
Turbo-Chem SYN-SEAL
Cellulose fiber resin blend sealant
Turbo-Chem TURBO-PHALT
Coupled gilsonite/resin blend
Turbo-Chem FIRST RESPONSE
Single sack particulate blend
Venture
VEN-ALK
Causticized lignite
Venture
VEN-BHC (BOREHOLE- Poly Hydroxy silicate, rheology modifier
CONTROL)
Venture
VEN-BLOCK
Polymer LCM system
Venture
VEN-BREAK 12
Defoamer
Venture
VEN-BREAK 15
Enzyme breaker for VEN-BLOCK system
Venture
VEN-CHEM 208
Oil-based fluid loss additive
Venture
VEN-CHEM 215
Oil-based fluid loss additive
Venture
VEN-CHEM 222
Oil-based fluid loss additive
Venture
VEN-DELTA P
Micronized fiber
Venture
VEN-DET I
Water mud detergent
Venture
VEN-DET II
Oil mud detergent
Venture
VEN-FLOC
Natural flocculant
Venture
VEN-FREE I
Liquid nonaqueous spotting fluid concentrate
Venture
VEN-FREE II
Liquid nonaqueous spotting fluid additive
Venture
VEN-FREE III
Solid stuck pipe additive

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

X X X

X
X
X X
X
X
X

D
FL WBC
CF W

X X X

MLCM LO

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X X
X X X
X
X
X

WBC
WBC
WBC
LO
LO

MLCM LO

Secondary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Secondary

Secondary
W
W
W
W
FR
FR

Available Product
from:
tradename
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra
Tetra

W
W
W

CO
X X
X X

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Description
of material

ULTRACARB 20
Sized calcium carbonate
ULTRACARB 30
Sized calcium carbonate
ULTRACARB 5
Sized calcium carbonate
ULTRACARB SYSTEM Drill-in fluid, sized calcium carbonate
ULTRASAL 10
Sized sodium chloride
ULTRASAL 20
Sized sodium chloride
ULTRASAL 30
Sized sodium chloride
ULTRASAL 5
Sized sodium chloride
VIS ULTRA
Xanthan gum biopolymer
VIS ULTRA-L
Xanthan gum biopolymer suspension
ACETIC ACID
pH control
ACTIVIS
Liquid HEC, environ. friendly
BIOCIDE
Bactericide
BIOPOL L
Select, readily-dispersible biopolymer
BIOPOL L
Liquid, dispersible biopolymer
BIORID 20L
Bactericide
BIORID B-102
Bactericide
BIORID B-71
Bactericide
BIORID P-15
Bactericide
BUFF-10
pH control
BUFF-6
pH control
CABR2
Anhydrous calcium bromide
CALCIUM FREE BRINE Calcium-free brine solution
CAPHIB WELLHEAD
Corrosion inhibitor system
TREATMENT PACKAGE
CAUSTIC POTASH
pH control
CAUSTIC SODA
pH control
CHLORIDE FREE BRINE Chloride-free brine solution
CITRIC ACID
Citric acid
CORSAF 16D
Corrosion inhibitor
CORSAF CR-D
Thiocynate-free inhibitor
CORSAF CR-I
Thiocynate-free inhibitor
CORSAF NS
Corrosion inhibitor
CORSAF SF
Thiocynate-free inhibitor
CORSAF ZHD
Corrosion inhibitor
CSCOOH SOLUTION
Cesium formate solution
CS-KCOOH SOLUTION Cesium/potasium formate solution
CT 200 FR
Friction reducer
CT FOAM
Foaming agent
EGMBE
Mutual solvent
FERROBAN
Iron control agent
HYDROCHLORIC ACID pH control
HYDROGEN PEROXIDE Oxidizer
IR-1000
Iron control agent
KCL
Potassium chloride
KCOOH
Anhydrous potassium formate
KCOOH SOLUTION
Potasium formate solution
LIME
pH control
MAGNESIUM OXIDE
High-purity alkaline earth oxide
METHANOL
Hydrate suppressant
MGCL2
Anhydrous magnesium chloride
MONO ETHYLENE GLYCOLHydrate suppressant
NABR
Anhydrous sodium bromide
NaCl
Anhydrous sodium chloride
NACOOH
Anhydrous sodium formate
NACOOH SOLUTION
Sodium formate solution
NA-KCOOH SOLUTION Sodium/potassium formate solution
NA-ZN BRINE SOLUTION Sodium zinc bromide solution
NH4CL
Ammonium chloride
OXBAN
Oxygen scavenger non-calcium-based brines
OXBAN HB
Oxygen scavenger calcium-based brines
PAYZONE 750
Temp. stabilizer
PAYZONE CLEANSEAL Fluid loss control
PAYZONE CMT-X
Magnesium chloride treatment for cement
contamination
PAYZONE DF-CC
Brine-based drill-in fluid with calcium carbonate
PAYZONE DF-SS
Saturated NaCl brine-based drill-in fluid
with sized salt
PAYZONE FLUIDS
CBF-based drilling fluid
PAYZONE HPS
Chemically-modified high-performance starch
PAYZONE NE 200
Emulsion preventor
PAYZONE NE 300
Emulsion preventor
PAYZONE SI 139
Scale inhibitor
PAYZONE SI 250
Scale inhibitor
PAYZONE STAY CLAY Clay stabilizer
PAYZONE STRATAGLIDE Lubricant
PROPYLENE GLYCOL
Hydrate suppressant
PSEUDOPOL
Synthetic polymer
PSEUDOPOL D
Synthetic polymer
PSEUDOPOL HT
Synthetic polymer high temp.
PSEUDOPOL HT LIQUID Synthetic polymer high temp.
SODA ASH
pH control
TDSP I
Weighted spacer
TDSP II
Surfactant wash
TDSP II OMD
Surfactant wash
TDSP II O-SOL
Surfactant wash
TDSP II O-SOL PLUS
Surfactant wash
TDSP III
Spacer-viscous sweep
TETRA 11.6
38% calcium chloride solution
TETRA 12.4
Sodium bromide solution
TETRA 14.2
53% calcium bromide solution
TETRA 19.2
Calcium bromide zinc bromide solution
TETRA 20.5
High-density zinc/calcium bromide solution
TETRA CO2X
Carbon dioxide scavenger

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Fluids 2014
Available Product
from:
tradename

Product
Function

Secondary

Recommended for
these systems

Primary

World Oils

FR
FR

SU
SU
SU
FR
FR

V
FR
FR
FR
FR
FR

LO

LO

LO

X X X

LO

FR

X X X

LO

FR

TE

X
X X X

CO
LO

X X X

FR
W

FR
FR

X X X

X X X

LO

FR

X X X

X X X

LO

FR

X X X

X X X

X X X

X X X

MLCM LO
LO

X X X

X X X

LO

X X X

X X X

LO

X X X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X
X
X

B
FL
WBC
WBC
WBC
WBC
WBC
CO

CO
WBC
SU

MLCM LO

MLCM LO

X
X
X
X
X
X X X

LO
A
LU
CO
CO
WBC
WBC
WBC
V
BR
TE
V
V
V
BR
BR
HPHT
CF
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
LO

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X
X X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X X X

SU
SU
SU

FR
FR

TE

LO

FR

LO
LO
LO

FR
FR
FR

W
FR
FR

TE

SH
FR
TE
HPHT

X X X

X X X

LO

FR

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

LO
LO
SH
LO
TH

V
TE
FR SH
FR HTHP
LO LO
FR

RDF

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X X X
X
X X X
X X
X X
X X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X
X

X MLCM
D
X BR
FR
FR
FR
LO
SU
SU
FL
X P
X P
P

TE

LO
E
TH
TH
TH

LU
LU
LU

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

World Oil/JUNE 2014F123

Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
Venture
ViChem

X X
X

X X X

X X X

X X X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

Weatherford KLEEN RINSE


Weatherford KLEEN SOLV
Weatherford PLIOLITE
Weatherford SODIUM SILICATE
Weatherford WEL-OX CA
Weatherford WEL-BAR
Weatherford WEL-BAR 4.1
Weatherford WEL-BAR FG
Weatherford WEL-BLEND
Weatherford WEL-BREAK E
Weatherford WEL-CAP
Weatherford WEL-CAP C
Weatherford WEL-CAP D
Weatherford WEL-CAP L
Weatherford WEL-CARB
Weatherford WEL-COAT
Weatherford WEL-COL A
Weatherford WEL-COL B
Weatherford WEL-COL C
Weatherford WEL-CON FR
Weatherford WEL-CON T
Weatherford WEL-CON TWA
Weatherford WEL-CORR
Weatherford WEL-DEFOAM A
Weatherford WEL-DEFOAM G
Weatherford WEL-DEFOAM LT
Weatherford WEL-DEFOAM S
Weatherford WEL-DET MD
Weatherford WEL-DENSE
Weatherford WEL-DMS
Weatherford WEL-DRL ROP
Weatherford WEL-EX
Weatherford WEL-FIBER
Weatherford WEL-FILM
Weatherford WEL-GARD 3
Weatherford WEL-GARD PH
Weatherford WEL-GEL
Weatherford WEL-GEL NT
Weatherford WEL-GEL SW
Weatherford WEL-HIB 40
Weatherford WEL-HIB A
Weatherford WEL-HIB C
Weatherford WEL-LIG
Weatherford WEL-LIG C
Weatherford WEL-LIG K
Weatherford WEL-LIG NAF
Weatherford WEL-LUBE CF
Weatherford WEL-LUBE E
Weatherford WEL-LUBE NAF
Weatherford WEL-LUBE S
Weatherford WEL-LUBE ULTRA
Weatherford WEL-MOD
Weatherford WEL-MOD FR
Weatherford WEL-MOD LE
Weatherford WEL-MOD SA
Weatherford WEL-MUL

A
AC
B
BR
CA
CF

= Alkalinity (pH control)


= Anionic control
= Bactericides
= Breakers
= Calcium removers
= Completion fluid

CO
D
E
FR
FL
FO

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

LO
V
V
FR
FR
LU
LU
E
E
E
E
LO
LO
LO
LO
LO
FR
MLCM
MLCM
SH
V
V

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X
X
X

TH
E
E
E
E
SH
SH
FR
FR
FR
FR

A
A
TH

SH
SH

LO
LU
FR
FR

X
X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X
X
X X X

X
X

B
V
V
B

X X

WBC

X X

WBC

X X

WBC

X X

FR HPHT

X
X
X

X
X

X X
X X X
X X X

X
X
X X X

SH
CO
W

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X X X
X X X

W
W

X X X

X X X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X X
X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X

RDF
SH
X SH
SH
SH

X
X
X
X

X X X

X X X

X X
X X X
X X X

X
X X
X X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X
X X
X X
X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X

X
X

X
X X
X X

X X
X X

HPWBM

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

LO
X CO
SH
SH
SH
TH
TH
TH
CO
D
D
D
D
SU
W
SU
SU
V
LO
CO
CO
CO
X V
X V
V
SH
SH
SH
FR
FR
TH
FR
LU
LU
LU
LU
LU
V
V
V
E

RDF
HPWBM
FR
FR
FR

FR

LU
LU
LU

HPWB

LU
FL

HPWB
FR HPWB
FR HPWB

TH
TH
FR
HPWB
FR

Description
of material

Weatherford WEL-MUL D
Weatherford WEL-MUL DME
Weatherford WEL-MUL E
Weatherford WEL-MUL FR
Weatherford WEL-MUL HT
Weatherford WEL-OX L
Weatherford WEL-OX P
Weatherford WEL-PAC LV
Weatherford WEL-PAC LVT
Weatherford WEL-PAC R
Weatherford WEL-PAC RDF
Weatherford WEL-PAC RT
Weatherford WEL-PAC SUPER LV
Weatherford WEL-PAC SUPER R
Weatherford WEL-PAC SUPER UL
Weatherford WEL-PLEX
Weatherford WEL-PLUG
Weatherford WEL-POL SP
Weatherford WEL-REX
Weatherford WEL-SCAV HS
Weatherford WEL-SEAL GR
Weatherford WEL-SEAL GR FINE
Weatherford WEL-SPERSE
Weatherford WEL-SPERSE CF
Weatherford WEL-SPERSE FE
Weatherford WEL-SPERSE HT
Weatherford WEL-SPOT
Weatherford WEL-SPOT NAF
Weatherford WEL-SPOT W
Weatherford WEL-SQUEEZE
Weatherford WEL-STAB
Weatherford WEL-STAB PLUS
Weatherford WEL-STAR
Weatherford WEL-STAR CMS
Weatherford WEL-STAR HP
Weatherford WEL-STAR NF
Weatherford WEL-STAR PLUS
Weatherford WEL-STAR RDF
Weatherford WEL-STAR RDF PLUS
Weatherford WEL-STAR Y
Weatherford WEL-TEC
Weatherford WEL-TEC D
Weatherford WEL-TEMP
Weatherford WEL-TEMP ll
Weatherford WEL-THIN
Weatherford WEL-THIN HT
Weatherford WEL-THIN HT L
Weatherford WEL-THIN L

Primary emulsifier for Diesel systems


Emulsifier for direct emulsion WBM fluids
Emulsifier for low density systems
Emulsifier for deep water system
Primary emulsifier for HT
Liquid oxygen scavenger
Powder oxygen scavenger
Polyanionic cellulose
Polyanionic cellulose
Polyanionic cellulose
Polyanionic cellulose
Polyanionic cellulose
Polyanionic cellulose
Polyanionic cellulose
Polyanionic cellulose
Synthetic polymer viscosifier for NAF
Nut shells
Sodium polyacrylate
Polyanionic, lignin resin
Liquid H2S Scavenger
Graphite bridging agent
Graphite bridging agent - fine size
Chrome lignosulphonate
Chrome-free lignosulphonate
Iron lignosulphonate
TH and TE for HT environments.
Non-weighted spotting fluid
Spotting agent for SBM
Weighted spotting fluid
High solids, high fluid loss LCM squeeze
Sulphonated asphalt
Premium sulphonated asphalt
Pregelatinised corn starch
Modified polysaccharide
Hydroxypropyl Starch
Non fermenting, pregelatinised starch
HT modified starch
High purity starch for RDIF
Premium RDIF starch
Modified starch derviative
Secondary emulsifier - synthetic-based
Secondary emulsifier - diesel-based
HT filtration control
HT filtration control
Polyacrylate anionic polymer
TH for HT environments
Liquid TH for HT environments
Liquid, low-molecular-weight anionic
polymer
Weatherford WEL-THIX MMO
MMH
Weatherford WEL-TONE
Organophilic lignite
Weatherford WEL-TROL
FR for NAF
Weatherford WEL-TROL F
Liquid FR for NAF
Weatherford WEL-TROL FR
Fluid loss control in flat rheology systems
Weatherford WEL-TROL HT
HT softening point gilsonite
Weatherford WEL-VIS
Organophilic clay
Weatherford WEL-VIS 38
Organophilic Hectorite clay
Weatherford WEL-VIS 42
HPHT organophilic clay
Weatherford WEL-VIS ll
Organophilic clay
Weatherford WEL-WASH
Biodegradeable rig wash
Weatherford WEL-ZAN
Xanthan gum - API/ISO Spec
Weatherford WEL-ZAN CL RDF
Clarified xanthan for RDF
Weatherford WEL-ZAN D
Xanthan gum, readily dispersible - API/
ISO Spec
Weatherford WEL-ZAN L
Xanthan gum, liquid
Weatherford WEL-ZAN PLUS
Xanthan gum, premium grade
Weatherford WEL-ZAN PLUS D
Xanthan gum, premium grade readily
dispersible
Weatherford WEL-ZAN T
Xanthan gum, technical grade
Weatherford WEL-ZAN TD
Xanthan gum, technical grade readily
dispersible
Well Flow K+FERROUT
Scale dissolver
Well Flow K+HDC
Pipe-release agent
Well Flow KOPLUS LL
Pipe-release agent
Well Flow KOPLUS LO
Non-aromatic mud displacement intermediary
Well Flow NO-PHALT
Asphaltine dispersant
Well Flow RINSE AID
Biodegradable surfactant to water-wet
tubulars
Well Flow RINSE AID 2000
Environmenyally-friendly surfactant powder
Well Flow SUPER PICKLE
Non-aromatic biodegradable pipe dope and
mud remover
Well Flow SUPER PICKLE C
Environmentally-friendly pipe dope and
mud remover
Well Flow SUPER PICKLE T
Non-aromatic biodegradable pipe dope and
mud remover
Wyo-Ben DRILL-X
Drilling detergent
Wyo-Ben EXTRA HIGH-YIELD GEL Extended bentonite
Wyo-Ben HYDROGEL
API drilling fluid
Wyo-Ben NATURAGEL
API drilling fluid
Wyo-Ben PLUGZ-IT
Lost circulation material
Wyo-Ben THINZ-IT
Polymeric thinner
Wyo-Ben UNI-DRILL
Liquid polymer for mud conditioning
Wyo-Ben WY0-FOAMER
Foaming agent
Wyo-Ben WYO-VIS
Polymer V (PHPA)

X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X X
X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

E
E
E
E
E
CO
CO
FR
FR
FR
FR
FR
FR
FR
FR
V
LO
FR
FR
CO
LO
LO
TH
TH
TH
TH
P
P
P
LO
SH
SH
FR
FR
FR
FR
FR
FR
FR
FR
E
E
FR
FR
X TH
TH
TH

X X

X TH

X X
X X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X X
X
X X
X X
X X
X X
X
X
X X
X X
X X

X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X X
X
X
X X X
X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X
X X X
X X X
X X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

V
FR
FR
FR
FR
FR
V
V
V
V
WBC
V
V

X
X
X

X
X
X

X X X
X X X
X X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X
X

X X X

X
X

X
X

X X X
X X X

X
X

V
V

X X X

X X X

X X X

X
X
X

FR HPHT
FR
FR

V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V

MLCM

LU
LU HPHT
FR

FR

FR
FR

RDF
RDF
FR
FR HPHT
HPHT

FR
FR

HPHT
HPHT
FR
FR
FR
FR

RDF

HPWBM

CO
P
P
SU
SU

X X X

X X X X SU

X X X

X X X

SU

X X

SU

X X

SU

X X

SU

LU
V
V
V
LO
TH
FR
X FO
V

SU

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X X
X X

X X

FR
FR

V
SH

E
FR

HPHT = High pressure/high temperature


HPWB = High performance, water-based
HS
= Hydrate suppressant
LO
= Lost circulation additives
LU
= Lubricants
MLCM = Massive lost circulation material

P
RDF
SB
SH
SU
T

= Pipe-freeing agents
= Drill-in fluid
= Synthetic-based
= Shale-control agents
= Surface-active agents
= Tracers

SH
SH
SH
SH
SH
SH
SH
SH
SH
SH
SH
SH

SH

V
X X
X X

Secondary

Available Product
from:
tradename

Secondary

Secondary

Secondary

SH

X X

= Corrosion inhibitors
= Defoamers
= Emulsifiers
= Filtrate reducers
= Flocculants
= Foaming agents

F124JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

X X X
X X X
X X
X X X

X
X
X
X

X
Water-based mud system
Oil-based mud system
Glutaraldehyde biocide
Guar gum
Hydroxyethyl cellulose
Isothiazolin biocide
Displacement surfactant / solvent for use
with oil/synthetic muds
Blend of ionic and non-ionic surfactants, flocculants and high-flash-point solvents
Blend of surfactants and solvents designed
to suspend solids
Fluid Loss and suspension control for NAF
HPHT Systems
Sodium silicate liquor
Oxygen scavenger for calcium brines
API 4.2 barite
API 4.1 Barite
Fine grind barite
Blend of fibrous and granular materials for
lost circulation
Enzyme breaker for RDF
PHPA polymer HMW
Cationic Encapsulator
Readily dispersible HMW PHPA
Liquid, high molecular weight, PHPA polymer
Acid-soluble calcium carbonate bridging agent
Water-dispersible filming amine
Low-Cloud point glycol for shale control
Medium cloud point glycol
Cloud point glycol for high salt systems
TH for flat rheology system
TH for NAF systems
Oil-wetting agent
Potassium salt of a glycol phosphate ester
Alcohol-based defoamer
Glycol-based defoamer
Low-toxicity defoamer
Silicone-based defoamer
Mud detergent
API Hematite
Surfactant for WBM
ROP Enhancer
Bentonite extender
Seepage loss control
Amine-based corrosion inhibitor
3-in-1 corrosion inhibitor
pH buffer and polymer extender
API bentonite
API non-treated Wyoming bentonite
API Grade Attapulgite
Cationic Shale inhibitor
Polyamine-based inhibitor for HPWBM
Encapsulating polymer for HPWBM
Lignite
Lignite - causticised
Potassium Lignite
Leonardite
Lubricant for brine fluids
Ester-based lubricant
NAF Ester-based lubricant
WBM lubricant for silicate muds
High performance WBM Lubricant
Viscosifier for OBM
Flat rheology modifier for deepwater system
Viscosifier for OBM
Low temp. rheology
Primary emulsifier

LO
LO

X X
X X

Product
Function

Water-based fluids

Primary

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

Description
of material

VEN-Fyber 201
Cellulose fiber/oil mud seepage loss
VEN-FYBER SEAL
Micronized cellulose fibers, LCM
COARSE
VEN-FYBER SEAL FINE Micronized cellulose fibers, seepage
loss/LCM
VEN-GEL 413
Organoclay
VEN-GEL 420
Organoclay suspension additive
VEN-K
Potassium lignite
VEN-LIG
Oxydized lignite
VEN-LUBE I
Pollution-FREE liquid lubricant
VEN-LUBE II
Solid Lubricant
VEN-MUL 906
Relaxed oil mud emulsifier
VEN-MUL 907
Oil mud wetting agent
VEN-MUL 912
Basic oil mud emulsifier
VEN-MUL 930
Oil mud low end rheological modifier
VEN-PAK
Blend of organic fibers
VEN-PEL
Expandable, fibrous LCM
VEN-PLEX I
Liquid complexer
VEN-PLEX II
Solid complexer
VEN-PLUG
Polymer LCM
VEN-REZ II
Derivatized lignite
VEN-SEAL 700
Polymer LCM
VEN-SQUEEZE
High solids, high fluid loss LCM squeeze
VEN-TROL 401
Shale-control/fluid Loss additive
VEN-VIS 501
Liquid polymer viscosifier
VEN-VIS 503
Liquid polymer viscosifier
MHA
Hybrid EBM/WBM

ViChem
Maxim-100
ViChem
EBM
Weatherford GLUTARALDEHYDE
Weatherford GUAR GUM
Weatherford HEC
Weatherford ISOTHIAZOLIN
Weatherford KLEEN FLOC

Recommended for
these systems

Water-based fluids

Fluids 2014
Available Product
from:
tradename

Product
Function

Primary

Recommended for
these systems

Non-dispersed
Dispersed
Calcium-treated
Polymer
Low solids
Saturated salt
Oil-based
Synthetic-based
Air, mist, foam, gas

World Oils

TE
TH
V
W
WBC
WBM

= Temperature stability agents


= Thinners, dispersants
= Viscosifiers
= Weighting materials
= Wellbore cleanout
= Water-based mud

SH

Supported by

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OFFICIAL PUBLICATION

ORGANISED BY

CONFERENCE ORGANISER

PETROPHYSICAL TECHNOLOGY

Whats new in well logging and formation evaluation


rect position in a wellbore, determined by
the length along the center of the drilled
hole from a surface reference point (e.g.
rotary table or kelly bushing) to the relevant reference point, typically a measuring point of the logging sonde. TAH is
obtained from drill pipe (drillers) depth
or wireline (logging) depth after applying relevant corrections. The discrepancy
between drillers depth and logging depth
can be significant, and the corrections required to obtain a TAH depth from drillers
data can be an order of magnitude larger
than those for wireline depths.1
LOGGING-WHILE-DRILLING (LWD)

Part 1: Logging-whiledrilling (LWD) and openhole


wireline logging. New LWD
developments include an
update on recent telemetry
methods, improvements in
directional survey accuracy,
and LWD nuclear magnetic
resonance (NMR). New
developments in openhole
wireline include a new logging
cable design, openhole tool
conveyance in highly rugose
boreholes, a multi-frequency
tri-axial induction tool, NMR
logging, borehole imaging,
formation testers, and
downhole uid analysis.

STEPHEN PRENSKY, Consultant, Silver


Spring, Maryland

The Reservoir Characterization eXplorer


(RCX) service from Baker Hughes is able
to acquire samples in high-pressure,
high-temperature formations, where
conventional logging systems cannot.

The purpose of this article, which is


based on published technical papers and
publicly available literature, is to inform
readers of new and potential technologies
in well logging and formation evaluation. It
does not endorse or promote any particular technologies or service providers. Some
of the technologies may be available commercially, while others may still be in the
development or test phases.
LOGGING DEPTH

Depth measurement is fundamental


to most operations associated with well
construction, completion and production.
Accurate depth measurements are critical in drilling and well placement, logging
(wireline and LWD), formation testing,
geological and geophysical evaluation,
and for optimizing the completionpoor
depth control can result in higher operational costs, and can lead to errors in well
placement and completion that result in
uneconomic wells and suboptimal field
development.1, 2 Depth accuracy, quality
control and management are ongoing issues that are often overlooked, or may not
receive adequate attention.
One suggestion to improve depth control, made in a recent paper, is the introduction of a new concept, true along hole
(TAH) depth, which is the true and cor-

The next several sections highlight


recent advancements in LWD telemetry
methods.
Mud-pulse telemetry. As the most
widely used telemetry method deployed
in LWD/MWD, mud-pulse telemetry has
a low bandwidth that severely limits the
amount of data that can be transmitted to
surface in real time. Data reduction and/or
compression techniques can increase the
effective speed and data volume transmitted uphole for use in real-time applications,
e.g., drilling performance and well placement (geosteering).
Real-time transmission of high-quality
borehole images, which are used in geosteering, is significantly impacted by the
low bandwidth of mud-pulse telemetry.
The compression rate determines the image resolution and must be adjusted to the
detail required in the transmitted image.
The loss in image quality can impact the
value of the data in geosteering or other applications. Baker Hughes has developed a
simulation tool for planning imaging jobs,
that allows users to maximize the information transmitted in real time for a particular
imaging application. The simulator uses a
parameter set, based on offset-well data or
simulated memory data, to model the expected real-time image and the level of detail required by the specific application. A
flexible compression algorithm allows the
user to optimize telemetry usage for a parWorld Oil/JUNE 2014127

PETROPHYSICAL TECHNOLOGY

Fig. 1. Schematic of XACT acoustic telemetry transmitter tool.8

ticular application, i.e., define compression


and drilling parameters, in real time, to account for changes in geology or to permit a
different image application in a particular
borehole section.3
The mud-pulse signal suffers attenuation and degradation while traveling uphole to surface, and this affects data transmission in deep and ultra-deep wells. By
studying and accounting for the various
elements that influence the mud-pulse
signal, Schlumberger has developed the
next-generation MWD data transmission platform (DigiScope). This service,
which can offer six times improvment
on MWD transmission data rates, up to
36 bit/sec, complements the latest datacompression platform (Orion II), which
has increased the effective transmission
speeds seven-fold, up to 140 bit/sec,
through development of a new modulation algorithm.4 Drilling with a treated,
micronized, barite drilling fluid system
can improve MWD signal strength by an
order of magnitude.5
Electromagnetic telemetry. Electromagnetic telemetry (EMT) uses a
downhole transmitter in the BHA to generate electromagnetic waves that carry
encoded drilling and logging data to the
surface through the intervening rock
formations. EMT offers a real-time alternative to mud-pulse telemetry that is
widely used in onshore wells and in underbalanced drilling, where the use of
compressible fluids precludes the use of
mud-pulse telemetry (see World Oil June
2011, p. 85). EMT allows direct two-way
communication between the BHA and
surface. EMT typically achieves data rates
similar to mud-pulse telemetry, between
6 and 15 bit/sec, depending on formation
resistivities and transmission frequencies.
Although EMT is not restricted to specific
types of borehole fluids, the signal attenuation can limit the operational range and
effectiveness, particularly with depth, and
formation resistivities that limit signal
injection potential.
128JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

Weatherford has introduced a wired


downhole casing antenna (EM CasingLink), designed to extend the operational
depth range of its conventional electromagnetic telemetry service by significantly
boosting the downhole signal i.e., improving the signal-to-noise ratio. A typical installation consists of an insulated, 0.5-in.,
coaxial electrical cable, run along the outside of casing and terminated onto a joint
of intermediate casing at a predefined
depth. The downhole antenna directly induces a signal in the receiving equipment,
which decodes the EM signal. There are
two types of antenna deployments: anchor
wells and satellite wells. The well in which
the antenna is deployed serves as the anchor, and a satellite well is an offset that can
take advantage of the downhole hardware
in an anchor well, such as those drilled on a
multi-well drill pad. In addition to increasing the depth range for EMT, the downhole
antenna allows the EMT system to bypass
highly resistive or attenuating formations
that adversely affect conventional EMT
systems. Geophysical and offset logging
data are used to determine the best depth
location for the antenna.6, 7
Acoustic telemetry uses the drill pipe
to transmit drilling and logging data to
surface (see World Oil March 2002, p. 63,
and see World Oil March 2006, p. 69), and
offers an alternative to conventional mudpulse and EMT systems in high-noise drilling environments, independent of fluid
type, fluid flow or water depth. Acoustic
telemetry is particularly suited for use in
wells where an incompressible drilling
fluid is not usede.g. air drillingand
in offshore use, where EMT is unsuitable.
After extensive field testing (see World Oil
March 2008, p. 89), a new system designed
for use with drilling systems has been commercialized. To date, this telemetry system (XACT AT) has proved reliable and
robust in a wide range of drilling environments, where it enables faster operational
decision-making, reducing drilling risk and
increasing drilling efficiency.8, 9

The XACT AT network uses multiple


openhole, collar-based repeater nodes
to achieve effective transmission rates
of 30 bit/sec at any depth. The network
comprises an acoustic transmitter tool
(repeaters, Fig. 1), isolator, phase tuner
and receiver. The repeater nodes, are
spaced at predetermined locations within the drillstring, to provide optimum
signal strength and transmission speed,
depending upon the angle of the boreholetypically 5,000 ft to 6,000 ft in
low-angle borehole sections, and 2,000
ft to 3,000 ft in high-angle and horizontal borehole intervals. Each tool repeats
the acoustic signal from the tool below,
and each tool can be configured to acquire different real-time measurements
along the drillstring at preprogrammed
time intervals while drilling. Data transmission time to surface can vary between
10 sec and 40 sec, depending on well
depth, profile and the number of tools
deployed. At surface, the acoustic data
are decoded, using a small accelerometer
package, and then transferred wirelessly
to a computer at the wellsite.
Wired pipe. BP reported on its experiences using the NOV Intelliserv
wired-pipe system in a range of borehole
environments. They found that the high
data transmission provided by the current
system (57 kbit/sec), which offers memory-quality data in real time, offered significant advantages in operations related
to wellbore stability, wellbore placement
(relative to the formation), hole cleaning,
shock and vibration management, drilling
optimization, annular pressure monitoring, downhole tool control, LWD formation pressure testing, and downhole tool
reliability. One of the primary drawbacks
limiting more widespread use is the lack
of tools specifically designed for use with
this system.10 The capability for highspeed bi-directional data transfer can: a)
reduce operational risk by enabling more
rapid updating of earth models, improving drilling efficiency through improved
real-time monitoring of tool condition
and performance, and more rapid response to well-placement decisions; and
b) improve project economics through
reduced NPT.11 A second-generation system capable of transmitting at rates up to
2 Mbit/sec (see World Oil June 2011, p.
85) has undergone field-testing. During
the test, the network achieved a maximum data rate of 240 kbit/sec from a
200-ft BHA of 12 tools.12

PETROPHYSICAL TECHNOLOGY

Wellbore survey accuracy. Gyrodata


has introduced a new three-axis gyrowhile-drilling (GWD) survey tool that can
operate at any attitude during the drilling
process. Two-axis tool systems provide accurate estimates of azimuth in near-vertical
wellbores, but the accuracy of these estimates decreases as wellbore inclination
increases. Three-axis tools can measure
the full horizontal earth rate signal in all
wellbore geometries, and are well-suited for
applications, such as high-inclination kickoffs, infill drilling and relief wells. The new
tool employs three mutually orthogonal,
single-axis linear accelerometers, and two
new purpose-designed, highly sensitive,
dual-axis rate gyroscopes, Fig. 2. The three
accelerometers provide measurements of
the specific force, due to gravity along their
respective axes, which are used to derive
inclination and high-side toolface angles.
The two gyroscopes, which are mounted
perpendicular to each other, provide measurements of turn rate in all three axes that
are used to calculate true azimuth, and a
redundant measurement provides quality
control. The GWD tool is run centralized
in a collar, can be placed anywhere in the

BHA, and can be run in conjunction with


LWD and RSS tools. Borehole inclination,
azimuth, high-side gyro toolface angle and
quality control data are transmitted to surface in real time, via the host LWD/MWD
telemetry system. A memory multi-shot
capability can provide reliable, highly accurate well surveys from TD to surface while
tripping out of the hole.13
LWD NMR. Halliburton introduced a
slimhole while-drilling NMR tool (MRILWD 4). The 4.75-in. tool is designed for
borehole sizes ranging in diameter from
5.875 in. to 6.25 in. The low-field tool
measures T1 while drillingthe maximum logging speed is 75 ft/hrand T1 or
T2 while wiping or sliding. The diameter
of investigation is 8.5 in., axial resolution is
4 ft while logging, or 1.8 in. in stationary
mode, and vertical resolution is 23 in., with
new processing. The slimhole NMR tool
has maximum temperature and pressure
ratings of 302F and 20,000 psi, respectively.14
Azimuthal spectral gamma ray.
Weatherfords new azimuthal spectral gamma-ray sensor (SpectralWave) provides
KUTh measurements, as well as total gam-

ma ray, in real-time and memory mode. In


addition to conventional geosteering applications in unconventional reservoirs, these
measurements can also enhance identification of sweet spots by enabling advanced
clay typing for estimation of reservoir
Fig. 2. Schematic of Gyrodatas new GWD
tool.13

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World Oil/JUNE 2014129

PETROPHYSICAL TECHNOLOGY

brittleness (used in stimulation design),


and for quantitative determination of total organic carbon (TOC), using uranium
content as a proxy for TOC.15, 16, 17 The
new tool, which is based on an earlier design, has large (1.5 x 8 in.) gain-stabilized
NaI scintillation detectors mounted on the
outside perimeter of the drill collar, Fig.
Fig. 3. Cross-section through
Weatherfords 6.75-in., azimuthal spectral
gamma-ray tool showing the three large
scintillation detectors in pockets in the
outside of the drill collar.15

3.18 This design minimizes the attenuating


effect of the drill collar on the gamma-ray
signal, thereby increasing the total gammaray count and statistical precision of the
measurement.
The 6.75-in.-diameter tool uses three
detectors, spaced 120 apart around the
tool circumference, while the smaller
4.75-in. tool has a single detector. Magnetometers track the azimuthal position
of the detectors as the tool rotates and

bin the spectral data into four quadrants,


and the total gamma ray into 16 bins, for
real-time and recorded borehole imaging.
The enhanced count rates and statistical
precision allow faster logging speeds,
provide wireline-quality logs, and result
in higher-quality borehole images that allow more accurate geosteering, improved
bedding plane identification and dip determination. The vertical resolution of
both tools is 12 in.19

Fig. 4. Mechanical models illustrating the operating modes of the telebender concept:
compressed bend (top) and retracted.24

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Publish Date

Eagle Ford/South Texas ................................................................ July 2013


Permian Basin .............................................................................. August 2013
MidContinent ....................................................................... September 2013
Rockies ........................................................................................... October 2013
Cementing Market, US Land ........................................ December 2013
Direction Drilling, US Land ............................................ December 2013
130JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

Temperature ................................................................................ January 2014


E. Texas/N. Louisiana .......................................................... February 2014
Marcellus/N.E. ................................................................................ March 2014
Eagle Ford Update .......................................................................... April 2014
West Coast ............................................................................................ May 2014
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PETROPHYSICAL TECHNOLOGY

Formation tester. Weatherford has


reported on field tests of its new family
of formation-pressure testers (PressureWave).20, 21 These tools provide direct,
real-time measurement of formation pressure, which can be made with pumps on
or off. Key test parameters per station
can be transmitted at the end of the test
sequence. With pumps on, one pressure
measurement can be transmitted every 4
sec with 0.5-psi resolution. A communications downlink allows modification of
test parameters, e.g., drawdown, station
time and pad setting force, between stations. The tool is available in three sizes,
4.75 in., 6.75 in. and 8.25 in., for borehole
diameters of 6 in. to 6.25 in., 8.5 in. to
10.25 in., and 12.25 in. to 15 in., respectively. The tools are rated to 302F and
20,000 psi. High-pressure, high-temperature versions of tools are availablethe
8.25-in. tool is rated to 25,000 psi, and the
4.75-in. and 6.75-in. tools are both rated
to 30,000 psi. All three tools have temperature ratings of 329F.22

conveyed logging operations in wells with


difficult geometries.
Multi-frequency triaxial array induction tool. Halliburton introduced a
multi-frequency version of its triaxial array induction tool (Xaminer), which uses
multiple frequencies and arrays to measure the full resistivity-tensor data in vertical or deviated wells drilled with oil-based
mud (OBM), or in air-filled wells. The
tool has collocated triaxial and orthogonal
coils (transmitter triad), and six sets of re-

ceiver coils. The tool operates at multiple


frequencies in the range of 12 kHz to 84
kHz by sequentially energizing each of the
coils (X, Y and Z directions) in the transmitter triad, and measuring the signals in
each of the receiver coils. The tool operates simultaneously as a conventional array induction and as triaxial induction
tool. New data-processing software includes a fast algorithm that can accurately
determine formation horizontal resistivity (Rh), vertical resistivity (Rv), dip and

WIRELINEOPENHOLE

Logging cable. The premature breakage of logging cable in high-tension operations, e.g., deepwater, extended-reach and
complex-trajectory wells, can result in very
time-consuming and costly fishing jobs.
Schlumberger has introduced a new composite logging cable (TuffLINE 18000)
that has a crush-proof core design and uses
high-temperature polymer technology to
lock the cable armors to the core.23 This
keeps the cable in a mechanically rigid,
torque-balanced state. The high strength
(27,000 lbf ends-free breaking strength) of
this 0.5-in. cable allows safe instantaneous
pulls of up to 18,000 lbf, without the use
of a tension-relief system (capstan). This
can reduce the risk of sticking, and also enables the use of longer, heavier tool strings
for fewer, more efficient logging runs. The
cable is rated for sustained operating temperatures up to 450F.23
Tool conveyance. Prototypes of a new
wireline logging bottom nose assembly,
designed to enable conveyance of wireline
logging toolstrings through highly rugose
sections of the borehole, as can be found
in Qatars North field, has undergone field
tests.24 When the toolstring contacts a
ledge, a telescoping and retracting feature
(telebender) is activated, and the retraction is used to tilt and/or rotate the tool
away from the ledge, Fig. 4.25 This design
can reduce, or eliminate, the need for pipe-

and take advantage of surface articial lift and


pressure boosting technology. Leistritz Multiphase
Gathering and Wellhead Systems reliably boost
production without separation and lower down
hole pressure without well intervention.

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World Oil/JUNE 2014131

PETROPHYSICAL TECHNOLOGY

Fig. 5. Schlumbergers NGI nonconductive


mud geological imager.32

strike/azimuth, bed boundaries, three sets


of conventional induction logs, and invasion parameters. The 3.875-in. diameter
tool is designed for use in borehole sizes
ranging from 4.75 in. to 20 in., and is rated
to 300F and 20,000 psi. The tool can be
run at conventional logging speeds (3,600
ft/hr), centralized at the bottom of the
toolstring, and in conjunction with tools
that have a directional package.26
NMR logging. A slimhole low-field
NMR logging sensor is being developed
by Aachen University (Germany) to allow
rapid in-situ measurement of soil moisture
in the shallow vadose zone, to assist in soil
management.27 Because the vadose zone is
relatively shallow in most locations (< 100
m), temperatures and pressures are at nearsurface levels. These reduced conditions
allow logging tool designs that are substantially smaller than oilfield tool designs, and
which can also take advantage stronger, but
temperature-sensitive, magnetic materials.
The current prototype has a penetration
depth of 2 cm and has been optimized to
maximize SNR.28
Schlumberger reported on two new
NMR sensors that have both laboratory
and logging applications. The first is an
ultra-broadband, low-frequency (0.1 MHz
132JUNE 2014/WorldOil.com

to 3 MHz) MR probe that operates without


using conventional resonant circuits for either transmission or reception. This design
addresses the challenges of low-field NMR,
while, at the same time, simplifying the
probe circuit and allowing robust operation
without probe tuning. Some of the stated
benefits include programmability, flexibility, and robustness and ease of use.29 The
second sensor, also a low-field apparatus,
provides a very high SNR, while operating
at very high temperatures and pressures.
The SNR of the new sensor is 15 times that
of existing commercial systems, and this allows data acquisition rates more than 200
times faster than previously possible.30
Borehole imaging. Inherent in the designs of the current wireline microelectrical imaging devices, which typically have
measurement pads on four or six arms,
only a portion of the borehole circumference (up to 80% in an 8-in. borehole) is
directly imaged by the sensors. Since the
1986 introduction of Schlumbergers original FMS tool, which had imaging pads on
only two arms, logging service companies
have sought to increase borehole coverage
through the addition of more arms, more
measurement pads, or through extrapolation software to fill in the gaps in coverage.
The latest entries include a new tool and
new extrapolation software.
Schlumberger has introduced a new
high-definition nonconductive-mud geological imager (NGI) for use in wells drilled
with oil-based mud. The new tool employs
192 sensors on eight arms to provide 98%
borehole coverage in an 8-in. well, Fig. 5.31
The image quality obtained with previous
OBM tools was typically inferior to that
obtained from WBM tools, because these
OBM tools employed fewer sensors, and
their size was increased to accommodate
the specialized physics needed for the
measurement. In contrast, the individual
sensors (microelectrodes) on the new tool
are actually smaller than those used on
WBM imaging devices, and provide high
spatial resolution. The operating range of
the tool is 0.2 .m to 20,000 .m, and the
tool is rated to 350F and 25,000 psia
high-pressure version is rated to 30,000 psi.
The tool is designed for both downlogging
and uplogging in boreholes with diameters
from 7.5 in. to 17 in.32
Weatherford released new imaging-processing software (Reveal 360) designed to
reconstruct the missing data in the nonmeasured gaps in borehole coverage, using
morphological component analysis.33

Wireline formation testers. Weatherford has introduced a new reservoir evaluation system (RES) that can perform faster
mini-frac tests. The 4.5-in. tool can be deployed with straddle packers or a high-articulation probe pad. The pad conforms to
borehole irregularities to enable accurate
pressure readings up to 8,000 psi. The tool
employs dual high-caliber quartz pressure
gauges, and a larger pump that operates at
a rate of 0.7 gal/min. A new optical fluid
analyzer (Reservoir Fluid Analyzer) has
recently been designed and tested.34,35
Baker Hughes commercialized its latest
downhole fluid characterization and testing service (RCX Sentinel), which is based
on the existing Reservoir Characterization
eXplorer (RCX) platform. This service is
designed for pressure and fluid sampling in
HPHT reservoirs, and features a focused
sampling probe. In focused sampling, the
probe module employs a packer with two
circular fluid inlets arranged concentrically around a common center. When the
packer is extended against the formation,
fluids are drawn separately into each of
the inlets, and maintained separately inside the tool string via two independent
flowlines and pumpout modules. The
separate perimeter inlet acts as a barrier to
the migration of mud filtrate toward the
central inlet. Independent control of separate fluid pumps connected to each inlet
provides an optimum rate of fluid intake
into each inlet. Sample focusing reduces
the time on-station and obtains clean
formation-fluid samples. A multi-tank carrier can convey between 28 and 52 sample
chambers in a single run, and allows for
uninterrupted sampling, thereby reducing the risk of contaminants entering the
flow area. The titanium construction of the
sample chambers ensures integrity in H2S
environments, even at low concentrations.
The ability to open and close tanks on the
fly, (i.e., quickly and without interruption
to the sampling process) ensures that the
pure fluid flow reaches the single-phase
tank without contamination. The service
provides accurate pressure readings, even
in extreme overbalance conditions. Fluid
identification is achieved with a variety of
optical, density, viscosity and fluorescence
sensors. The 4.75-in.-OD tool (5.36 in. at
the probe) is designed for use in borehole
sizes ranging from 5.875 in. to 17 in., and is
rated to 375F and 25,000 psi.36
Downhole fluid analysis. The optical
fluid analyzers used in many of the current
generation of wireline formation testers

PETROPHYSICAL TECHNOLOGY

separate broadband light into its constituent wavelengths via filters or grating spectrometers. However, these devices typically, use only a few narrow-wavelength
constituents and are generally band-limitedi.e., only a small fraction of spectral
data is used. However, the complex hydrocarbon fluids found in many reservoirs,
particularly in some deepwater reservoirs,
have many chemical constituents and are
optically active over a wide range of optical
wavelengths, over a broad spectral range.
Halliburtons new fluid-analysis technology (ICE Core), designed for use with
the RDT wireline formation testing and
sampling service, is a downhole opticalsensor platform based on multivariate
optical computing (MOC) technology.37,
38 MOC combines chemometrics and pattern recognition with optical computing.
Each integrated computational element
(ICE) comprises optical sensing and computationi.e., a multilayer optical element
encoded with predesigned information,
specific to a particular chemical constituent, such as methane, ethane, propane, saturates, aromatics or water. A multivariate
optical computer may consist of many dif-

ferent ICE sensors designed to detect different chemical constituents or properties.


As reservoir fluids are pumped through a
downhole fluid sampler, light is transmitted through those fluids and sequentially
through a series of ICE sensors that rotate
past the light source, Fig. 6. Each sensor
is programmed to recognize the chemical
nature, or optical fingerprint, of a specific
fluid component. Measuring the intensity
of light passing through a sensor indicates
the presence and proportion of a chemical
component within the overall fluid.
The wide bandwidth response (400 nm
to 5,000 nm) and high spectral resolution
(16 cm-1) of these optical elements enables downhole, laboratory-grade optical
analyses, while their intrinsic simplicity,
small size, passive nature and high SNR offer high reliability. Multiple zones can be
analyzed downhole, providing real-time
lab results regarding fluid stratification in
the reservoir. The answer product is calculated in situ, automatically, and in real time,
thereby enabling key decisions to be made.
This information serves as a valuable
backup, in case physical samples became
lost or damaged, and allows the operator

Fig. 6. Hallburtons new downhole opticalsensor platform includes ICE sensors


embedded in a rotating wheel.39

to make decisions with a higher degree of


confidence. The current tool configuration
(ICS20) is able to accept up to 20 sensors.
Sensors for detection of CO2, asphaltenes,
water and water chemistry, resins, and H2S
are under development.
WEB EXCLUSIVE: Visit WorldOil.com to view the references
for this article.

STEPHEN PRENSKY is a consultant to logging


service companies, with over 40 years of
working experience in petroleum geology
and petrophysics. He previously worked for
Texaco, the U.S. Geological Survey and the U.S.
Minerals Management Service. He has served
as the SPWLA V.P. of technology, and as editor
of SPWLAs technical journal, Petrophysics. Mr.
Prensky is also a member of AAPG and SPE.

World Oil/JUNE 2014133

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REGULATORY AFFAIRS

While EPA gathers water, prairie


chickens rule the western U.S.
Via the EPA, the U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Agency, and
other mechanisms, the
Obama administration
continues to promulgate rules
and regulations that seem
deliberately designed to
impede E&P activity on both
federal and private lands

DAVID BLACKMON, Contributing Editor


American history is filled with wellintentioned laws and regulations that inexorably expand beyond their intended
scope over time and result in unintended
consequences. No presidency resulted in
more clear examples of this than that of
Richard Nixon (1969-1974). It is a littlerecognized fact that virtually all of this
countrys major environmental statutes
the Clean Water Act, the Clean Air Act,
the Safe Drinking Water Act, and the Endangered Species Actwere either signed
into law by President Nixon or conceived
during his administration and signed by his
successor, Gerald Ford.
Today, four decades later, the oil and gas
industry finds itself under a withering assault of regulatory actions being undertaken by the Obama administration under the
auspices of these Nixon-era statutes. There
are many truisms about the nature of regulatory activities of the federal government,
but none are truer than the following:
Regulations issued under any federal
law will always grow to exceed the
laws original intent
Any federal regulation, no matter
how well-intentioned or misguided
it might be, will always remain on the
books far longer than the life of its
usefulness.
The last few months have seen several
good examples of these truisms coming
to life, and we are going to cover three of
those in this issue.

EPA ISSUES WATERS


OF THE U.S. RULE

We begin with the Environmental


Protection Agency (EPA) and its issuance of a new proposed rule on March
25, governing the definition of Waters
of the United States under the Clean
Water Act (CWA).
This proposed rule would greatly expand the definition of waters that will
henceforth fall under the regulatory
oversight of EPA under the CWA, which
currently is defined as any navigable
waterway. EPA claims that this simple
definition has led to great confusion,
thus giving it justification for the proposed redefinition, which expands the
agencys regulatory reach to all tributaries, all adjacent waters and all adjacent
wetlands. Further, this would include
streams that are intermittent, seasonal or
ephemeral, and even some man-made
ditches, Fig. 1.

Oklahoma Senator Jim Inhofe (Republican) reacted quickly to the EPA


proposal, saying that the rule is a massive expansion of power over the nations
water resources. The Clean Water Act is
written to include only navigable waters,
but with this new rule, the agencies are
giving themselves the authority to regulate everything from the nations largest
rivers to small irrigation ditches, found on
family farms in Oklahoma.
Obviously, this proposed rule would
have a major impact on any industry that,
like oil and gas, develops or alters land
and uses water in its operations. But its
not just oil and gasany activity that requires bulldozers to turn earth would now
conceivably be required to obtain an EPAissued permit, were this rule to go into effect. Mining companies, road builders, real
estate developers, reservoir builders, home
builders, timber companiesthe list of affected businesses is almost endless.

Fig. 1. If the EPA has its way, the denition of which U.S. waters would fall under the
purview of the agency would be expanded considerably, from navigable waterways to
every tributary (like the creek in this photo), all adjacent waters and all adjacent wetlands.

World Oil/JUNE 2014135

REGULATORY AFFAIRS

Fig. 2. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service


has stated its intention to list the Lesser
Prairie Chicken as threatened under the
Endangered Species Act, a potential action
that could create additional headaches for
producers (photo courtesy of U.S. FWS).

Even ranchers are worried about the


potential far-reaching impacts of the proposal. This is a step too far, even by an
agency and an administration notorious
for overregulation, said Bob McCan,
president of the National Cattlemens
Beef Association. This proposal by EPA
and the Corps would require cattlemen
like me to obtain costly and burdensome
permits to take care of everyday chores
like moving cattle across a wet pasture
or cleaning out a dugout....This proposed

regulation and the burdensome federal


permitting scheme will only hinder producers ability to undertake necessary
tasks and, in turn, result in an exodus of
ranchers from the field.
Such concern is quite rational, given
the perspective of history. Obtaining an
EPA permit for any action is never a simple process, always time-consuming, and
often prohibitively expensive. The last
several decades are filled with thousands
of examples of businesses being forced
to spend millions of dollars on EPA-enforced environmental impact studies before ever having the opportunity to break
ground on a project.
As it always does, EPA protested that
such concerns were overblown. As an example, EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy
claimed that her agencys proposed rule
was not intended to take away currently
existing agricultural-related exemptions
from permitting.
To detail protections for farmers related to the rule, the EPA and the Army
Corps of Engineers issued a fact sheet
related to agriculture that included the
following clarification: Any normal farm-

Moving Energy Forward

ing activity, that does not result in a point


source discharge of pollutants into waters
of the U.S., still does not require a permit. The proposed rule preserves existing
Clean Water Act exemptions and exclusions for agricultural activities.
Bruce Thompson, President of the
American Exploration and Production
Council, which represents large independent producers in the U.S., was skeptical
of EPA assurances: I think it is safe to
say that the many industries that would
be impacted by this rule would take issue
with the comments of the EPA administrator, to the effect that this proposed rule
does not broaden the scope of the Clean
Water Act.
But, even if such assurances were forthcoming from EPA, the Corps of Engineers or any other arm of the federal government, everyone knows that sidebars
placed around federal regulatory actions
have ways of gradually disappearing over
time, as misguided court decisions are issued, and activist presidential administrations chip away at them to further political
agendas. One stark example of this steady
broadening of federal regulatory purview

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2324, 2014
Houston, Texas
REGISTER NOW AND SAVE

Explore Lower Tertiary HPHT Challenges at the


9th Annual HPHT Drilling and Completions Conference
World Oil and Gulf Publishing Company invite you to take part in the ninth annual World Oil High-Pressure, HighTemperature Drilling and Completions Conference, to be held September 2324, 2014, in Houston, Texas, at the Norris
Conference CentersCityCentre. During the two-day conference, attendees will be provided with both local and global
perspectives on the latest developments and trends in HPHT drillings and completions as well as discover the latest in
new technologies, case studies, new materials and test procedures, and more.

Register Early and Save: Deadline for early bird rates is August 19, 2014.
Register online at HPHTConference.com or call +1 (713) 520-4402.

Exhibit or Sponsor: Contact Lisa Zadok, Events Sales Manager, at +1 (713) 525-4632
General Inquiries: Contact Melissa Smith, Events Director, Gulf Publishing Company, at +1 (713) 520-4475

Youll Hear from HPHT


Experts at these Leading
Companies:
Baker Hughes
Chevron, Gulf of Mexico Business Unit
CNPC Tubular Goods Research Institute
C-FER Technologies Inc.
Enventure Global Technology
FastCAP SYSTEMS Corporation
FMC Technologies
Halliburton
Special Metals Corporation
Technetics Group
And more

HPHTConference.com

HPHT Drilling and Completions Conference 2014 Advisory Board:

Grant Affleck
Business Development Manager
of Technology, Global Drilling Services

Robert (Bob) Holicek


Deepwater Theme Manager

Chris Kocurek
Staff Subsea Facilities
Engineer

Pramod Kulkarni
Editor

Charles (Chuck) Pleasants


Wellbore Construction
Technology Director

Ian Penman
Global Advisor, Completion Tools

Brian Skeels
Engineering Technologies Director

Bob Sokoll
Staff Drilling Engineer & Chair
HPHT Drilling & Completions
Conference

Jim Raney
Engineering & Technology Manager
Kaz Javanmardi
HPHT Principal Technical Expert,
PT Deepwater Wells

HPHTConference.com

Michael (Mike) Payne


Senior Advisor

Ramn I. San Pedro, P.E.


Principal
Earl Shanks
OIE Chief Technologist

REGULATORY AFFAIRS

comes in the ongoing EPA efforts to regulate carbon dioxide, an outcome literally
no one envisioned, when President Richard Nixon signed the Clean Air Act into
law in 1970. Yet, 44 years later, the regulation of CO2 is the centerpiece of the
Obama administrations ongoing strategy
to regulate vast swaths of the U.S. economy under that law.
The EPA is accepting comments related
to this proposed rulemaking for 90 days
following the publication of the rule in the
Federal Register.
LESSER PRAIRIE CHICKEN LISTED

The Endangered Species Act (ESA)


is another stark example of a law with
initial good intentions, whose scope and
unintended impacts have expanded dramatically over time. When Nixon signed it
into law in 1973, he and other supporters
touted the ESA as a means of protecting
major, high-profile species, like the Bald
Eagle, the Grizzly Bear and the Grey Wolf.
No one, then, would have envisioned that
the laws would be extended to the point
at which the federal government forces
the State of California to simply flow more
than 95,000 acre feet of river water to the
ocean in a single crop growing season, raising the protection of a subspecies of smelt
over the needs of farmers in the parched
San Fernando Valley. Yet that is exactly
what took place last year in the Golden
State under the auspices of the ESA.
On March 27, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (U.S. FWS) announced it
would list the Lesser Prairie Chicken
(LPC) as threatened under the ESA, Fig.
2. While this designation is a step below
the endangered status under the ESA,
and theoretically provides regulators and
affected parties more flexibility in determining ways to go about protecting this
bird, the potential negative impacts of the
listing on vast swaths of five different states
is very significant.
U.S. FWS Director Dan Ashe acknowledged the decision would not be popular
with governors in the five affected states
Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado and
New Mexicobut said the best available
science dictated the listing. The lesser
prairie-chicken is in dire straits, Ashe said.
The bird is in decline and has been in decline for more than a decade.
The U.S. FWS decision also specified
that oil and gas companies participating
in the Five State Conservation Plan, adopted in 2013, will be able to continue

activities to protect the LPC under that


plan, which will continue to be managed by the states. To date, more than 3
million acres of land in the five affected
states have been set aside by ranchers,
landowners, and oil and gas companies
as habitat to promote the LPCs recovery. The plans goal is to increase the
birds population to 67,000 from its current estimate of 18,000. Companies not
participating in this plan will become
subject to other mitigation and conservation measures developed by U.S. FWS
and related to the listing.
Earlier in the month, Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt filed a lawsuit
related to the Obama administrations settlement of a lawsuit with the Center for Biological Diversity (CBD) that resulted in the
requirement that U.S. FWS should make
listing decisions on the LPC, and hundreds
of other plant and animal species under the
ESA, by late 2015. In this suit, the State of
Oklahoma essentially challenges the validity of the so-called sue and settle practice
that U.S. FWS has engaged in with groups
like CBD, Wild Earth Guardians and others over the last 15-plus years.
The Washington Examiner did a good
job of succinctly describing this sue and
settle practice in an editorial published in
May 2013:
First, the private environmental group
sues the EPA in federal court, seeking to
force it to issue new regulations by a date
certain. Then, agency and group officials
meet behind closed doors to hammer out
a deal. Typically in the deal, the government agrees to do whatever the activists
want. The last step occurs when the judge
issues a consent decree that makes the deal
the law of the land. No messy congressional hearings. No public comment period.
No opportunity for anybody outside the
privileged few to know how government
regulatory policy is being shaped, until its
too late.
So, basically, this sue and settle process enables these environmental groups
to force listing decisions by U.S. FWS without having to go through the appropriate
administrative and rulemaking processes
with which all other parties must comply.
This strategy employed by these radical organizations is less about listing species that are truly on the verge of extinctionthe ostensible rationale for the
ESAthan it is about slowing or stopping human progress. Far from being focused on species that are actually rare and

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REGULATORY AFFAIRS

Fig. 3. If the U.S. federal government lifts the ban on crude oil exports, it could stimulate
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Finlands Wrtsil (image courtesy of Wrtsil).

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in danger of disappearing from the face


of the earth, the strategy, instead, focuses
on suing U.S. FWS to list species that exist in some state of abundance over large
geographic areas, under the theory that
human expansion and industrial projects
are diminishing their natural habitat. The
more abundant the species, the greater its
geographic extent, the greater the negative impact it can have on human progress. In addition to the LPC, good recent
examples of species pursued under this
strategy include the Dunes Sagebrush
Lizard and the Sage Grouse.
Of course, every species has its own
factual situation, and well-intentioned
people can argue the merits of this listing of the LPC either way. But the fact
that this listing was made as the result of
this abusive process, without any consideration of the negative economic and societal impacts that will result, will always
leave a bad taste in the mouths of many of
the affected parties. In the meantime, oil
and gas operators in the affected regions
will have to find ways to conform their
operations to the restrictions imposed
under the listing.
CRUDE OIL EXPORT BAN

There has been a growing amount of


discussion recently about the need for
the U.S. government to allow the export
of more domestically produced crude
oil overseas before it is refined, Fig. 3.
Since were focused on unintended consequences in this issue, one of the unintended consequences of the ongoing oil
and gas boom in the U.S. has been the
creation of a massive new supply of sweet

crude oil from large shale formations like


the Eagle Ford. This supply is threatening
to overwhelm the capabilities of the domestic refining industry.
The existing restrictions on the export
of crude oil date back to 1975. The restrictions were put in place via a bill signed into
law by then-President Gerald Ford that
year, in response to the 1973 Arab oil embargo and the energy crisis that had developed from that event. We sit here 39 years
later in a completely different world, with
a completely different supply-and-demand
picture where crude oil is concerned, but
with the same set of restrictions in place.
Nowhere has the world changed more
than in the area of oil production and refining, and the essential crux of the issue
around oil exports is that there is a growing mis-match between the quality of the
crude oil being produced in the U.S., and
the volumes and types of crude oil that
U.S. refineries are set up to handle.
IPAA President Barry Russell put it
succinctly: Oil production is booming
in the U.S. The use of new technologies,
most notably horizontal drilling and
hydraulic fracturing, have unlocked an
abundant supply of light, sweet crude oil,
which most U.S. refineries are no longer
designed to process.
In the intervening years between 1975
and today, as the U.S. began to import up
to 65% of its daily oil needs, refineries
along the U.S. Gulf Coastwhich handle
the vast majority of crude imported from
overseas supplierswere increasingly set
up to process heavy crudes that come
to the U.S. from countries like Saudi Arabia, Iran and Venezuela. At some point in

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JULY 3031, 2014


Norris Conference Centers CityCentre
Houston, Texas

2014
GTLTechForum.com
2014 Conference Features:

Explore CuttingEdge GTL


Technology & Solutions
Join us for the second annual GTL Technology Forum, to be held July 30-31, 2014 in
Houston, Texas, as we explore the latest trends and cutting-edge solutions at work
as GTL usage and products continue to gain momentum.

Advisory Board Member


Mark Schnell
General Manager Marketing,
Strategy and New Business
SASOL

Over the course of two-days, attendees will hear from experts at the forefront of
GTL technology regarding the economics of GTL, market opportunities, the latest
products and developments, case histories, new project announcements and more.

2014 Sessions will Focus on:


Syngas
Whats new in small scale GTL?
Catalysts

The future of non-FT


Emerging technology and future users
Modular construction

Panel Discussions Devoted to:


Modular GTLs

Future uses of GTL

Real-World Case Studies on:


GTL technology development-The optimal path to Micro-GTL commercialization
Renery integration with gasication

George Boyajian, PhD


Vice President
Business Development
Primus Green Energy

Participate in the Conference by:


1. Registering Online at GTLTechForum.com
or offline by contacting Gwen Hood at +1 (713) 520-4402 or Gwen.Hood@GulfPub.com

2. Sponsoring/Exhibiting
Contact Lisa Zadok at +1 (713) 525-4632 or Lisa.Zadok@GulfPub.com for information

3. Presenting
Contact Melissa Smith at +1 (713) 520-4475 or Melissa.Smith@GulfPub.com
with speaker inquiries.

Register Now and Save 10%


Jeff McDaniel
Commercial Director
Velocys

Conference Fees

Early Bird (by July 2)

Regular Admission

Single Attendee
Team of Two
Group of Five

$891
$1,634
$3,787

$990
$1,815
$4,208

Continental Breakfast Sponsor

Peter Tijm
Chief Technology Ofcer
Standard Alcohol Company

REGULATORY AFFAIRS

The oil and gas industry is taking steps for environmentally prudent management of shale
frac water. Photo courtesy of Eagle Ford Water and Disposal company.

INTEGRATED SERVICES

Hoover
Contains
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the near future, it is likely that a so-called


blend wall will be hit, with some volumes of light, sweet crude unable to find
a home in the U.S. to be refined, an event
that is likely to create significant instability in oil markets.
Over the last few months, both refiners and producers have been assessing options in dealing with this looming issue,
with few really liking what th