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3.01 Understand the physical components of a network.

3.01a Key Terms

3.01a Key Terms (Network)


Complete the chart by finding images that represent each device.
Term
Network Device

Image Representation

Definition
A component used
to connect
computers or other
electronic devices
together so they
can share files or
resources

Router

A hardware device
or software
program that
manages the
paths along which
information travels
within a network

Switch

A device that
manages the
sharing of multiple
computers or
networks on the
same data
connection

Term
Wireless Access
Point

Image Representation

Definition
An intermediary
device that joins
wireless clients to
a wired Ethernet
network

Modulator

A device that
enables computers
to interpret data
received from a
network

Demodulator

A device that
allows a modem to
send information
formatted to be
read by network
computers

End Devices

A device that is
either the source
or the destination
of a packet on a
network.

Term
MAC Address

Host

Server

Personal Area
Network

Image Representation

Definition
a hardware
address that
uniquely identifies
each node of a
network.

A host is a
computer that
manages tasks,
communicates
instructions, or
delivers specific
services to other
computers, or
clients, on a
network.
Software and
hardware that
provides services
to other computer
programs and their
users.

A network created
around an
individuals
personal
workspace.

Term

Image Representation

Definition

Local Area
Network

A network created
for a home or
other small
geographic area

Wide Area
Network

A collection of
LANs that is
dispersed over a
large geographical
area.

Transmission
Media

Transmission
media provide a
"path" for
information to be
sent from one
computer to
another through a
network.

Term
Coaxial Cable

Image Representation

Definition
Cable specifically
designed for
carrying an
electronic signal

Ethernet Cable

A type of cable
commonly used in
high-speed wired
computer
networks.

Twisted Pair
Cable

Cable commonly
used in high-speed
wired computer
networks.

Term
Fiber Optic
Cable

Image Representation

Definition
A type of cable
made of super-thin
filaments of glass
or other
transparent
materials that can
carry beams of
light.

Wi-Fi (Wireless
Fidelity)

A technology that
allows electronic
devices to
exchange data
wirelessly (using
radio waves) over
a network.

ISP (Internet
Service
Provider)

A company that
has a permanent
connection to the
Internet and can
provide temporary
access to its
customers,
individuals, and
others.

Term
IP address
(Internet
Protocol)

Image Representation

Definition
Provides a unique
identification for a
specific computer
or network.