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Aries / Mesha / Medam Rashi looks like a lamb and is

located at the head of Kalapurasha (Ursha major). It
moves over pastoral lands and mountains. It lives in
hidden places, fire, and the mines of metals and gems.

Taurus / Vrishabha / Idavam Rashi is like a bull and

represents the face and throat of the Kaal Purusha (Ursha
major). It resides in the summits of mountains, cowsheds,
and other places of animal habitats and agricultural lands.


Gemini/ Mithuna/ Mithunam Rashi holds Veena and Gada

(mace) and represents the hands and shoulders of Kaal
Purusha (Ursha major). The places of dance, music, art
galaries, artists, and entertainments are enveloped in its

Crab like Karka /Cancer/ karkadakam rashi lives in water

and represents the chest of Kaal Purusha (Ursha major). It
moves in Agricultural lands, water bodies, river sides and
picturesque places.


The old scholars say that the lion like Simha ( Leo /
chingam) Rashi lives in mountains and represents the
hearts of Kaal Purusha (Ursha major). Forests, forts,
caves, mountains are considered to be its residence.

Kanya ( Virgo/ kanni ) Rashi is like a maid holding a lamp

and sitting on a boat, which is floating on water. It
represents the abdomen of the Kaal Purusha (Ursha
major). This stable sixth Rashi lives in the green places,
places fit for sexual activity and artistic places.


A man placing goods for sale on a balance, which is the

picture of Tula ( Libra ) rashi. It represents the lower
abdomen of the Kaal Purusha (Ursha major) and lives
among the places of merchandising, and lands yielding

Looking like a scorpion, Vrishchika ( Scorpio ) Rashi

represents the private parts of male and females. It dwells
in places like caves, water bodies and poisonous shrubs,
and places fit for venomous snakes, insects and pythons.


Dhanu ( Sagittarius ) Rashi appears like a man wielding a

bow, whose rear half of the body is like a horse. This
Rashi represents the thighs of the Kalpurusha (The Ursha
Major) and dwells in the forests infested by elephants,
stables, armories, vehicles of war fares and so on

The frontal part of the Makar ( Capricorn ) rashi is like a

deer nad the rear part is that of an alligator. Being water
dweller, this Rashi represents the knees of the kaal

purusha and its favourite places include rivers, forests


The image of Kumbha ( Aquarius ) rashi is like a man

holding a pitcher on his shoulder and it represents the
thighs of the Kaalpurusha (Ursha Major). Shallow areas,
lands producing coarse vegetables, markets of birds,
alcohol, and women and gambling dens are the places of
its dwelling.

Like a pair of fishes, the last rashi of the rashichakra,

Meen ( Pisces ) denotes the feet of the Kaal purusha
(Ursha major), and it dwells in the holy places of religious
divine and social importance.


The 'Om' is one of the most chanted sound symbols. It has
a profound effect on the body and mind of the one who
chants and also on the surroundings. Most mantras and
vedic prayers starts with Om.
All auspicious actions begin with Om. It is even used as a
greeting - Om, Hari Om etc. It is repeated as a mantra or
meditated upon. Its form is worshipped, contemplated
upon or used as an auspicious sign.
'Om' is the universal name of the Lord. It is made up of
the letters A (phonetically as in "around"), U (phonetically
as in "put") and M (phonetically as in "mum"). The sound
emerging from the vocal chords starts from the base of the
throat as "A". With the coming together of the lips, "U" is
formed and when the lips are closed, all sounds end in
The three letters symbolize the three states (waking,
dream and deep sleep), the three deities (Brahma, Vishnu
and Shiva), the three Vedas (Rig, Yajur and Sama) the
three worlds (Bhuh, Bhuvah, Suvah) etc. The Lord is all
these and beyond.

The formless, attributeless Lord (Brahman) is represented

by the silence between two 'Om'. The 'Om' is also called
pranava that means, "that (symbol or sound) by which the
Lord is praised". The entire essence of the Vedas is
enshrined in the word 'Om'. It is said that the Lord started
creating the world after chanting 'Om' and 'atha'. Hence its
sound is considered to create an auspicious beginning for
any task that we undertake. The 'Om' chant should have
the resounding sound of a bell (AUM).
The 'Om' is written in different ways in different places.
The most common form symbolizes Lord Ganeshas. The
upper curve is the head; the lower large one, the stomach;
the side one, the trunk; and the semi-circular mark with the
dot, the sweetmeat ball (modaka) in Lord Ganesha's hand.
Thus Om symbolizes everything - the means and the goal
of life, the world and the Truth behind it, the material and
the Sacred, all form and the Formless.


In Hindu Astrology there are nine planets or grahas. These
Moon,Saturn ,Rahu and Ketu , which are astronomical
points formed where the moons orbit intersects the
apparent path of the Sun around the earth. Each planet is

considered to be having masculine, feminine or neutral

characteristics as well .

Table : Planets

Western name
Dragon's Head
Dragon's Tail


Rahu & Ketu

The Moons apparent path intersects the ecliptic obliquely
at two points called the nodes. The point where the Moon
crosses the ecliptic from south to north is called the
ascending node or Rahu, where it crosses the ecliptic from
north to south is called descending node or Ketu. These
two points are 180 degrees apart and their movement is
constantly retrograde, meaning, against the normal
direction of movement of planets. Rahu and Ketu are
given special status and considered as planets in Indian
astrology.But they are not included in Western Astrology.
Rahu and Ketu take approximately eighteen years and ten
days to complete one round of the zodiac .
Relationship between Planets
Each planet or Graha considers another planet as friend,
enemy or equal. Some relationships
are not mutual, for example, while one planet considers
another as a friend, the second planet in turn may not see
the first one as a friend. Mercury and Moon are examples.

Planets & Gemstones

Each planet of Indian astrology has a gem stone
associated with it. The nine stones corresponding to the
nine planets are called the Navaratna group of stones

Planets & Associated colors

Each planet has an associated color.

Planets &Their elements

Astrology sees mankind as being not only influenced by
hereditary factors and the environment, but also by the
state of our solar system at the moment of birth. Planets
are regarded as basic life-forces, the tools we live by as
well as the basis of our very substance. These planetary
forces take on different forms, depending on their zodiacal
position and on the way they relate to one another.

The aspects formed between the planets describe these

relationships, the positions of the planets in relation to the
place of birth tell us of their expression in the spheres of
life depicted by the astrological houses.
By interpreting the roles of these planets and their
qualities (the elements, signs and houses) and creating a
synthesis, astrology is able to present a complete and
comprehensive picture of the person and his potential,
based on the natal horoscope.
Indian astrology is popularly referred to as Vedic
astrology. This is not because it is there in the Vedas.
There is no mention of astrology in the Vedas. However, it
is one of the Vedangas, i.e., limb or branch of Vedas, and
dates back to the Vedic period. Several of the Poojas and
remedial measures prescribed in the Indian astrology are
as per the Vedic system. Hence, it is called Vedic
It is impossible ascertain the exact time of origin of our
astrology.Our astrology has details of the horoscopes of
Lord Krishna, Lord Rama and many other ancient Indian
kings and queens, recorded thousands of years ago. The
Bhishma Parva and Udyoga Parva chapters of
Mahabharata mention many astrological descriptions and
omens just before the Mahabharata war.Hindu epics like
Mahabharata and Ramayana have been written off as
myths by the western historians. However the recent
discovery of the submerged ancient city Dwaraka, (the site
of the legendary city of Lord Krishna, which got

submerged in the sea after the death of Lord Krishna), led

by Dr. S.R. Rao of the Marine Archaeology Unit of the
National Institute of Oceanography of India lends a lot of
credence to our mythology. Various texts attribute the
origin of Indian astrology to various gods and Rishis. It is
futile to ascertain who was the originator. The most
popularly followed astrological classics today are the ones
written by Rishis like Parashara, Varahamihira, Garga,
Jaimini and their followers. People in those days had no
satellites or telescopes and yet the planetary positions and
their motions recorded by them are as accurate as the
planetary positions and degrees recorded today using the
space satellites. Our ancient astrologers used their divine
intuition to record these planetary movements and their
effects on us.
Astrology has a twofold purpose. On one hand it is used
as a tool to select the right month the right date and the
right time to start various auspicious rites and rituals so
that the results are better. On the other hand it is used as
a guide to study the destiny of an individual.
Indian astrology is based on the theory of fate. The good
and the bad actions of the past life determine your fate or
Karma of your present life, and the actions of your present
life determine your future Karma. According to Indian
astrology a person is born at that place, on that day and
on that moment when his individual fate is in perfect
mathematical harmony with the progress of the stars in
heaven. However it does not preach total dependence on
fate. Astrology lets you know what you were born with,
what your possibilities are, the limitations, your strong

points and your drawbacks. What type of life partners and

professions suit you and to expect is also indicated. It also
prescribes various remedial measures to ward off the bad
effects and to enhance the good results.
The exact time of birth of a person with the actual number
of vighatikas elapsed as revealed by foot measurement or
by gnomonic shadow and other apparatus should first be
specially ascertained.Then the position of the planets
coincident with observation should be set down with the
help of mathematical instruments.Then the bhavas and
the strength of planets should be investigated and
through them the effects should be judged.