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Unit 5 Review

Authors Point of View

This is his or her attitude or perspective about

the subject matter of the text. Author's may

present a viewpoint that is supported by
evidence that can be verified, or checked.
To determine an authors point of view, readers
look carefully at the words, phrases, and other
details authors use to describe people, ideas,
and events
Then they decide whether the words and
phrases convey an attitude of support or
disapproval of the topic
The words the author uses have positive,

negative, or neutral connotation

Character, Setting, Plot: Problem

and Solution
Character, setting, and plot are story elements

that are common to all works of fiction. Plits

events in a story include a problem or situation
the main character faces and a solution or
resolution to the problem.

Character, Setting, Plot: Cause and

In works of fictions, plots events or situations have

an effect on the characters in the story. Cause

and Effect sequences occur when the characters
react to events or situations, seeing further events
in motion. Sometimes characters react to events
by what they say and do. At other times,
characters' expressions and thoughts show the
effect of an event, situation, or action.

Word Origins
Many words in modern English have word

origins in Greek, Latin, or Old English. These

words will have similar meanings.
Example: Mimicking has a Greek root meaning
imitate. They both mean to act like.
Example: Detective comes from the Latin root
meaning uncover. Both dealing with
uncovering or finding something.

Text Structure: Cause and Effect

Author arrange ideas by presenting a cause, or

reason that something happens and the

connecting that cause to an effect, or what
happened as a result. You should look for an
event or action that makes something else
happen. Then you should look for what happens
because of the event or actions. Cause and
effects frequently are important parts of
expository texts. Key words: because, due to, so ,
as a result, since, when consequently. It can also
be signaled by addressing why an action occurs.

Context Clues: Definitions and Restatements

When you encounter words that are unfamiliar or

difficult to understand, you must use context

clues. Definitions often appear very close to
unfamiliar words. Other context clues called
restatements tell about a word or term again in
another way to help you understand.

Text Structure: Sequence

Text structure is how the author organizes ideas in

their writing. Sequence means that it is done in

which events occur or a process happens. Signal
words include: first, next, then, finally.

Adages and Proverbs

These are statements about life that reflect a

generally accepted truth or common fact. They

often use figurative language, words, phrases.
They may offer advice or indirectly suggest an
understanding that has gained an acceptance
over time. Example: But Rome Wasn't Built in a
Day. - means: It takes a long time to do

Connotations and Denotations

A denotation is the most common dictionary

A connotation is the suggested or implied
meaning associated with the word beyond the
dictionary meaning.
They can have a negative or positive
connotation. Example: Battled is used as a
negative connotation.
Words can also have similar connotations.
Example: clashes has almost the same
connotation as played.

Text Features: Diagrams

Diagrams help illustrate the concepts described in

the text.

Words that sound alike when spoken but that have

different meaning and often different spellings

Example: tail- animal's limb/tale- a story from long

Language Arts: Adjectives

An adjective describes a person, place, thing,

or idea. Adjectives modify nouns or pronouns.

An adjective may tell what kind, which one, or
how many.
A predicate adjective follows a linking verb

and tells about the subject of a sentence.

A proper adjective is formed from a proper


An article is a kind of adjective. There are

three articles: a, an, and the.

A and an are indefinite articles because

they refer to a noun in general.

The is a definite article because it refers to a

specific noun.

Demonstrative Adjectives
This, that, these, and those are

demonstrative adjectives.

Comparative and Superlative

Comparative adjectives compare two people, places,

or things. Form comparative adjectives by adding er

to most one-syllable and some two-syllable adjectives.
For adjectives of more than two syllables, form the
comparative by using more in front of the longer
Superlative adjectives compare more than two

people, places, or things. Form superlative adjectives

by adding est to most one-syllable and some twosyllable adjectives. Form the superlative of many
adjectives with two or more syllables by adding most
before the adjective.

Irregular Comparisons
Some adjectives form irregular

The adjective good forms an irregular

comparison. The comparative of good is

better and the superlative of good is best.
The adjective bad forms an irregular

comparison. The comparative of bad is worse

and the superlative of bad is worst.