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Airplane

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


(Redirected from Airoplane)
"Aeroplane" and "Planes" redirect here. For other uses, see Airplane (disambigua
tion), Aeroplane (disambiguation), or Plane (disambiguation).
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Airplane/Aeroplane
Air Berlin B737-700 Dreamliner D-ABBN.jpg
Boeing 737-700 jet airliner
An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft th
at is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine or propeller. Airplanes come
in a variety of sizes, shapes, and wing configurations. The broad spectrum of u
ses for airplanes includes recreation, transportation of goods and people, milit
ary, and research. Most airplanes are flown by a pilot on board the aircraft, bu
t some are designed to be remotely or computer-controlled.
In 1799, Sir George Cayley set forth the concept of the modern airplane. He was
building and flying models of fixed-wing aircraft in 1803, and he built a succes
sful passenger-carrying glider in 1853.[1] Between 1867 and 1896 the German pion
eer of human aviation Otto Lilienthal developed heavier-than-air flight. The Wri
ght brothers flights in 1903 are recognized as "the first sustained and controll
ed heavier-than-air powered flight".[2] Following WWI, aircraft technology conti
nued to develop. Airplanes had a presence in all the major battles of World War
II. The first jet aircraft was the German Heinkel He 178 in 1939. The first jet
airliner, the de Havilland Comet, was introduced in 1952. The Boeing 707, the fi
rst widely successful commercial jet, was in commercial service for more than 50
years, from 1958 to 2010.