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OTR-21 Tochka

1.2 Scarab B

OTR-21 Tochka (Russian: -


() ; English: Tactical Operational Missile Complex Tochka, Point) is
a Soviet short-range tactical ballistic missile. Its GRAU
designation is 9K79; its NATO reporting name is SS-21
Scarab. It is transported in a 9P129 vehicle and raised
prior to launch. It uses an inertial guidance system.

The improved Scarab B (Tochka-U) was passed state tests


from 1986 to 1988, introduced in 1989. Improved propellant increased the range to 120 km (75 mi). CEP signicantly improved, to less than 95 m (312 ft).

The OTR-21 forward deployment to the German Demo- 1.3 Scarab C


cratic Republic began in 1981, replacing the earlier
FROG series of unguided artillery rockets.
A third variant, Scarab C, was developed in the 1990s.
Again, range increased (185 km (115 mi)), and CEP decreased to less than 70 m (229 ft). Scarab C weighs 1,800
kg (4,000 lb).
1 Description
The OTR-21 is a mobile missile launch system, designed
to be deployed along with other land combat units on the
battleeld. While the FROG-7 is large and relatively inaccurate, the OTR-21 is much smaller. The missile itself
can be used for precise strikes on enemy tactical targets,
such as control posts, bridges, storage facilities, troop
concentrations and airelds. The fragmentation warhead
can be replaced with a nuclear, biological or chemical
warhead. The solid propellant makes the missile easy to
maintain and deploy.

1.4 North Korean variant

1.1

At least 15 Tochka missiles were deployed by Russian


forces from August 811 during the 2008 South Ossetia
war.[5]

North Korea has developed a local variant, the KN-02


Toksa (Viper), by reverse-engineering Syrian-supplied
Scarab A missiles.[1] The Toksa has a range of 120-140
km, and it is the most accurate ballistic missile in KPA's
inventory to date. In 2014 an enhanced version was tested
at a range of 220 kilometres (140 mi).[2] The KN-02 uses
a MAZ-630308-224 truck instead of the 9P129. Some
reports suggest North Korea is developing an anti-ship
OTR-21 units are usually managed in a brigade structure. ballistic missile version of the KN-02. Its range would be
There are 18 launchers in a brigade; each launcher is pro- longer than current KN-01 variants and be much more
[3]
vided with 2 or 3 missiles. The vehicle is completely dicult to intercept due to its speed.
amphibious, with a maximum road speed of 60 km/h
(37 mph) and 8 km/h (5.0 mph) in water. It is NBCprotected. The system has been in development since 2 Use in combat
1968. Three variants have been created.
Russia used the missiles in the Chechen Wars.[4]

Scarab A

The initial Scarab A entered service with the Soviet Army


Unconrmed reports said that the Ukrainian Army red
in 1975. It carries one of three types of warhead:
multiple Tochka missiles near Donetsk during the War in
Donbass.[6][7][8]
482 kg (1,063 lb) of conventional HE
The Syrian Army red at least one Tochka against the
fragmentation (lethal radius more than 200 m (660 insurgents during the battle of Wadi al-Deif (near Ma'rat
al-Nu'man, in the province of Idlib) in December 2014.[9]
ft)
nuclear

3 Operators

The minimal range is about 15 km (9.3 mi), maximum


range is 70 km (43 mi); its circular error probable (CEP)
is estimated to be about 150 m (490 ft).

Armenia
At least 8 launchers Tochka-U
1

REFERENCES

Slovakia
small number, inherited from Czechoslovakia, all
retired.
Soviet Union
Passed on to successor states.

4 References
[1] John Pike. KN-02 Short Range Ballistic Missile. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
Ukrainian OTR-21 Tochka missiles during the Independence Day
parade in Kiev

Azerbaijan
3 launchers Tochka-U with 4 missiles
Belarus
36 [10]

[3] N.Korea Developing Anti-Ship Missile - Chosun.com, 14


October 2013
[4] It Was No Spontaneous, But Planned War. Novaya
Gazeta.

Bulgaria
18 [11]

[5] Fulghum, David A.; Douglas Barrie, Robert Wall and


Andy Nativi (2008-08-15). Georgian Military Folds Under Russian Attack. Aviation Week. Retrieved 2008-1109.

Kazakhstan
unknown number

[6] Ukraine denies using ballistic missiles. Deutsche Welle.


2 August 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2014.

Russia
220 launchers.[12] Missile systems have been
upgraded since 2004 (replacing the onboard automated control systems)[13][14] It is planned to be
replaced on 9K720 Iskander.[15][16]
Ukraine
90 [17]
Syria
unknown number
Yemen
10
North Korea
unknown number of variant KN-02

3.1

[2] John G. Grisa (16 August 2014). Recent launches revealed as surface-to-surface missile. NK News. Retrieved 23 August 2014.

Former operators
Czechoslovakia
passed on to successor states.

[7] NATO ip-ops over Kiev use of ballistic missiles


against militants. RT. 1 August 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
[8] Tim Lister (3 September 2014). Wrecked tanks, deserted playgrounds: Inside the kill zone of eastern
Ukraine. CNN. Retrieved 2 October 2014. In a burned
eld south of Ilovaisk, on what was the frontline of combat
a few days ago, we found a large green tube amid bushes
and trees. Military experts have identied it as the rocket
motor section of a Russian-made SS-21 Scarab ballistic missile. But both the Ukrainian and Russian militaries
have the SS-21.
[9] "( + ) -". Retrieved 23 December 2014.
[10] Belarus Army Equipment
[11] Milev, Momchil (2014-04-11). Da izkovem ot plugovete
mechove. Economedia. p. 2. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
[12] http://warfare.be/db/catid/363/linkid/1704/title/
ss-21-scarab-/-otr-21-tochka-u/
[13] 24.02.12 : -". Retrieved 23 December 2014.
[14] The Military Balance 2010. P. 223.

Czech Republic
inherited from Czechoslovakia, retired.

[15] "- .name. Retrieved 23 December 2014.

East Germany
retired

[16] .
"
". . Retrieved 23 December 2014.

Poland
[17] Ground Forces Equipment - Ukraine
4 [18] retired in 2005, because of lack of rockets
and service parts
[18] MILITARIUM - Wojsko Polskie - Uzbrojenie

External links
SS-21 Scarab article on Warfare.ru
Tochka-U Video
SS-21 Scarab (9K79 Tochka)
(Russian) OTR Tochka
MissileThreat.com SS-21

6 TEXT AND IMAGE SOURCES, CONTRIBUTORS, AND LICENSES

Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses

6.1

Text

OTR-21 Tochka Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OTR-21%20Tochka?oldid=646821796 Contributors: Patrick, Popsiq, Varlaam,


Martin Wisse, RJHall, Rwendland, Cmapm, Mixer, Skyring, Former user 2, Yuriybrisk, BD2412, Rjwilmsi, FlaBot, Kolbasz, Russavia, Chobot, Bgwhite, Roboto de Ajvol, Arado, Epolk, Mad Max, De Administrando Imperio, Petri Krohn, Sardanaphalus, SmackBot, TheGerm, A.R., Ala.foum, Godanov, Kocoum, SuperTank17, Dalen talas, Cydebot, Captainm, Benvogel, After Midnight, Woody,
Matthew Proctor, Andrewrutherford, Mr. Yooper, HanzoHattori, Nyq, WeeWillieWiki, Jacobko, Kimse, Hodja Nasreddin, McSly, Bogdan, VolkovBot, Tourbillon, Thomas.W, Koonter, Feeblezak, Marvel52, Tricky Wiki44, DesmondW, One half 3544, Noodles Paine,
AlleborgoBot, Happysailor, Akldawgs, Gosciu555, Matrek, Mt hg, Namenlos Ein, DumZiBoT, XLinkBot, Jan D. Berends, SilvonenBot, Addbot, EZ1234, Nohomers48, Vyom25, Botien lambda, The Bushranger, Yobot, Nallimbot, Bobi.1, Cadenas2008, High Contrast,
LilHelpa, Xqbot, Terrortank, K731, RamboKadyrov, Gnomsovet, GVilKa, Green Cardamom, Tobby72, Varmin, DixonDBot, EmausBot,
K6ka, Thine Antique Pen, Catlemur, Dighapet, America789, Mogism, Solarislv, Feedthepope, Johansen.fred, Pototo1, XANTHO GENOS
and Anonymous: 81

6.2

Images

File:Commons-logo.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg License: ? Contributors: ? Original


artist: ?
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Contributors: Own work Original artist: SKopp
File:Flag_of_Azerbaijan.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dd/Flag_of_Azerbaijan.svg License: Public
domain Contributors: http://www.elibrary.az/docs/remz/pdf/remz_bayraq.pdf and http://www.meclis.gov.az/?/az/topcontent/21 Original
artist: SKopp and others
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Contributors: The ag of Bulgaria. The colors are specied at http://www.government.bg/cgi-bin/e-cms/vis/vis.pl?s=001&p=0034&n=
000005&g= as: Original artist: SKopp
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Public domain Contributors: Own work
Gesetz zur nderung des Gesetzes ber das Staatswappen und die Staatsagge der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik. Vom 1.
Oktober 1959
Verordnung ber Flaggen, Fahnen und Dienstwimpel der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik. Flaggenverordnung Vom 3.
Januar 1973
Verordnung ber Flaggen, Fahnen und Dienstwimpel der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik. Flaggenverordnung Vom 12.
Juli 1979
Original artist:
diese Datei: Jwnabd
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