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German Leader Breaks The Treaty Of Versailles & Munich Pact


A Recap Of This Decades

Radical Events In Europe
In the beginning of the decade,
Stalins control of the
Party of the Soviet Union seemed
to be shaky. However, Stalin
Red Fear
to be warranted
as he began ruling the Russian
people with an iron fist killing
hundreds of thousands of his own
people in the name of his Marxist
1932 -
Signs of opposition toward
Stalin's leadership. Ryutin, who
had denounced Stalin as the "evil
genius of Russian Revolution, "
was expelled from the communist
party, but not executed.
- Purge of
undesirable elements- the
illiterate and inactive of the
new working class/peasant
recruits (22% of the Communist
party) were expelled.
- Purge of the party
resumed, with the focus now
shifting to men who held more
important posts. An exchange of
party cards led to half a million
members being expelled.
June 1935 -
The death penalty was
extended not only to spies and
parasites, but also to all those
who were
of such


January 30, 1933

- Adolf Hitler,

once seen only as a mad man

leading the National Socialist
German Workers party (NAZI), was
appointed chancellor of Germany.
After months of negotiations, the
president of Germany, Paul von
Hindenburg, appointed Hitler
chancellor of Germany in a
government seemingly dominated
by conservatives. Hitlers new
potion means death to German
democracy. Guided by racist and
authoritarian ideas, the Nazis
abolished basic freedoms and
sought to create a "Volk"
community. In theory, a "Volk"
community united all social
classes and regions of Germany
behind Hitler. In reality, the
Third Reich quickly became a
police state, where individuals
were subject to arbitrary arrest
and imprisonment.

March 12, 1938
- Germany invades
Austria and annexes it the next
September 30, 1938
- Great
Britain, Italy, France, and
Germany signed the Munich Pact,
stating that
Germany can invade
the Sudeten territories of
March 15, 1939
- German troops
enter Prague and
invasion of Czechoslovakia,
ignoring the Munich Pact.

March 31, 1939

- Britain declares
it will support Poland.
April 1939
- Italy invades

August, 1939
Allies form
non-aggression pacts with

December 1936
- The new Russian
Constitution was adopted
May 1937
- The purge of the Red
Army began.
June 1937
- Leading army officers
were shot.

March 1939
- Stalin declares an
end to the mass purges.

October 29, 1929
- Obviously, we
all know about the Stock Market
crash that lead our great nation
into a depression ten years ago.
But, do you know about the
depression plaguing our
European counterparts? By the
end of 1929 around 1.5 million
Germans were out of work, and
with Germanys mark already being
practically worthless (By
November 1923, the American
dollar was worth
4,210,500,000,000 German marks),
and its economy barely becoming
stable by the start of 1924, a
depression is hardly what they
- German industrial
production had fallen to just 58
per cent of its 1928 levels
Early 1933
- A staggering 6
million Germans (26%) were out of

July 1933
By mid-July 1933, the

Nazi party was the only political

party permitted in Germany. The
Reichstag (German parliament)
became a rubber stamp for Hitler's
dictatorship. The Fuehrer's will
became the foundation for
government policy.
February 27, 1933
- Hitler claims
that the Communists committed an
arson that destroyed the
Reichstag (German parliament)
building in Berlin, Adolf uses the
incident to assume extraordinary
powers in Germany. He convinces
the German president, Paul von
Hindenburg, to declare a state of
emergency. Constitutionally
protected personal freedoms are
thus suspended.
March 23, 1933
- Adolf Hitler
introduces a bill that would give
his government legislative
authority. The Nazis, the
Conservatives, and the Catholic
Center Party support this
so-called "Enabling Act," which
would grant Hitler's government
the power to decree laws without a
vote in parliament for a
four-year period. Communist and
many Socialist opponents were
arrested before the vote. In the
end, only the remaining
Socialists oppose the measure.
The bill passes. Hitler soon
outlaws all political parties in
Germany--except the Nazi party.
August 2, 1934
- German president
Paul von Hindenburg dies at the
age of 87. Upon Hindenburg's
death, Adolf Hitler takes over the
powers of the presidency. The
army swears an oath of personal
loyalty to Hitler. Hitler's
dictatorship thus rests on his
position as Reich President,
Reich Chancellor, and Fuehrer.
Hitler's official title is now
"Fuehrer and Reich Chancellor."
October 25, 1936
- Hitler and
Mussolini announced a
Rome-Berlin alliance - the Axis.

Turkey, Greece, Romania, and

August 23, 1939 -
Germany and the
USSR sign a secret
non-aggression pact dividing up
Poland, w
hich guaranteed that the
two countries would not attack
each other.
September 1, 1939 -
invades Poland.

September 3, 1939 -
France, Australia and New Zealand
declare war on Germany after
German forces penetrate deeper
into Poland
September 10, 1939 -
declares war on Germany.
September 17, 1939 -
invades eastern Poland.
September 27, 1939 -
surrenders to Germany
November 30, 1939 -
invades Finland, possibly
starting a Russo-Finnish War.

December 18, 1939 -

The first
Canadian troops arrive in