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Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program

(CSPAP)
HSES 410: Program Design in Physical Education
Austin Hershberger & Megan Lowe

Prairie Park Elementary USD 497


Physical Educator, Mike Martin

i.

Context

Prairie Park Elementary is located in East Lawrence, KS. Built in 1994,


Prairie Park Elementary School replaced India and Kaw Valley schools. It
sits on 15.4 acres of land on the southeast side of Lawrence near the
nature preserve known as Prairie Park Nature Center. The school derived
its name from this nature center, as well as the surrounding subdivision.

Whites

66.67%

African
Americans

10.67%

Hispanic

4%

Other

18.67%

Prairie Park Elementary


USD 497
School Enrollment
Grade Level
Number of
Students:
Kindergarten 59
1st
67
nd
2
75
rd
3
68
th
4
58
th
5
57
Total # of
384
Students:
Ethnic Composition

Skill Levels
Disabiliti 11.73
es
%
ELL
Students 1.87%

Socioeconomic Status
Economically
Disadvantaged
51.73%

Non-Economically

48.27%

Disadvantaged

Males Economically
Disadvantaged
Females
Economically

Prairie Park.

52.48%

Disadvantaged

50.89%
Prairie Park Elementary is filled with
wonderful educators and faculty members.
One in particular is the Physical Education
Teacher, Mike Martin.
Mike Martin, an Ottawa University graduate
with a Bachelors of Science in Health and
Physical Education, has been teaching
students at Prairie Park Elementary for 15
years. He began his teaching career right out
of college, earning positions at Pinckney and
Cordley Elementary schools. It wasnt until
his fourth year of teaching that he began at

Martin, currently in his 19th year of teaching, teaches Physical Education with
a passion and a purpose. He strives for a learning environment that is positive
and encouraging for his students. One, among several spectacular qualities
that Mike holds, is that he provides the students with an equal learning
opportunity. He ensures full inclusion and encourages higher skilled students
to help those with lower skills. Something we have witnessed first hand.
When asked what his advice was for students beginning student teaching
and/or careers in PE, Mike said this:
Try to be a sponge during your student teaching time, learn and remember as
much as you can. Steal as many ideas from your supervising teacher as you
can, there is no such thing as a stupid question. Figure out your classroom
management style. It is very important to develop solid routines for your
students. Be patient you will make mistakes learn from them.
The gymnasium at Prairie Park, in which Physical Education class takes place,
is a really great facility. The gym is equipped with a regulation-sized court,
featuring six full size basketball hoops, with all necessary court markings. The
court also features color-coded rows of numbers that Mike uses for the
students self space. Among all these great topographies, the walls are
equipped with climbing ropes, climbing ladders, pull-up bars, monkey bars,
and climbing pegboards. The gym also has a fairly large storage area for Mike to
keep all his equipment (soccer goals, cones, hula-hoops, balls of many sorts,
nets, mats, etc.). Located in the center of the court, attached to the ceiling, is a
speaker. Martin is able to use his own mp3 device to connect to this speaker
wirelessly, allowing for him to play music for the students.

ii.

Mission Statement

The mission of our physical education program


is to provide students with the fundamental skills
to improve their level of fitness, physical activity,
and overall health. We also envision students
bettering their personal and social skills as they

interact with others in healthy relationships. We


believe that physical activity plays an important
role in our students success in the classroom. Our
goal is to prepare and encourage students to lead
healthy and active lifestyles now and in their
future.
National Standards
Standard 1:
The physically literate individual demonstrates competency in a variety
of motor skills and movement patterns.
Standard 2:
The physically literate individual applies knowledge of concepts,
principles, strategies and tactics related to movement and performance.
Standard 3:
The physically literate individual demonstrates the knowledge and skills
to achieve and maintain a health-enhancing level of physical activity and
fitness.
Standard 4:
The physically literate individual exhibits responsible personal and social
behavior that respects self and others.
Standard 5:
The physically literate individual recognizes the value of physical activity
for health, enjoyment, challenge, self-expression and/or social
interaction.

iii.

Benchmarks

http://education.ohio.gov/Topics/Ohio-s-New-Learning-Standards/Physical-Education

5th Grade
Standar
d
1

Unit Objectives/Goals
Design and perform a sequence of
5-7 movements with smooth
transitions between those
movements.

Balance on a variety of objects that


are either static or dynamic
2

Identify similar patterns/concepts


across related activities (e.g.,
striking with a bat, tennis
forehand).
Use knowledge of balance to affect
movement performance

Identify activities or exercises that


might improve or maintain a
component of health-related
fitness.
Meet/exceed recommendations for
physical activity time each week.

Demonstrate respectful and


responsible behavior toward peers
different from oneself.
Adhere to class and activity-specific
rules and safe practices.

Select and practice physically


challenging activities to improve a
skill and/or to experience success.
Participate in a variety of physical
activities that provide opportunities
for social and group interaction.

Assessments
Movement Observation
Sheet: Students watch
another small group
perform their creative
dance. The students circle
what they observe.
Gymnastics Assessment: 2
pieces of apparatus. (high
& low)
Reflection/Skills learned
assessment.

Open response questions

Pedometers: Prediction of
Physical Activity Steps
Using a Pedometer
**Math Skills
Workout Log for each day
of the week. Each entry at
least 1 paragraph. (4
sentences) **Writing Skills
Sportsmanship: List ways
to Encourage someone
Checklist of safe practices
& rules
Skills Test

Project Lists: Groups of


students will list ATLEAST
10 activities that promote

PA for social & group


interaction

iv.

CSPAP

1. Scope & Sequence


Prairie Park Elementary
Kindergarten 1st Grade
Week
#of
Units
Lessons
1&2
2
Introduction: Class rules, safety procedures, routines,
signals, partnering, transitions
2&3

Fitness Testing: Pacer, Pushups, Situps

3-7

Motor Skills: Locomotor (Walking, Hopping, Jumping,


Sliding, Running, Leaping, Galloping, Skipping)

7-9

Motor Skills: Nonlocomotor (Bending, Turning, Balancing,


Pushing, Twisting, Rocking, Stretching, Pulling)

9-14

Movement Concepts & Themes: Body & Space awareness,


Direction, Level, Pathways

14-16

Body Management Skills: Strength

16-17

Body Management Skills: Balance

17-18

Body Management Skills: Agility

18-20

Body Management Skills: Flexibility & Coordination

20-24

Manipulative Skills: Throwing

24-27

Manipulative Skills: Striking

28-30

Manipulative Skills: Kicking

31-34

Manipulative Skills: Dribbling

34-38

Manipulative Skills: Volleying

39

Fitness Testing: Pacer, Pushups, Situps

40

Field Day!

2nd 3rd Grade:


Week
#of Lessons

Units

1&2

Introduction: Class rules, safety procedures, routines,


signals, partnering, transitions

2&3

Fitness Testing: Pacer, Pushups, Sit-ups

3-7

Movement Concepts & Themes: Body & Space awareness,


Direction, Level, Pathways

7-9

Motor Skills: Nonlocomotor (Bending, Turning, Balancing,


Pushing, Twisting, Rocking, Stretching, Pulling)

9-14

Manipulative Skills: Throwing, Targeting, Hand-eye


Coordination

14-16

Dance: Folk

16-17

Body Management Skills: Balance, Jumping, Landing

17-18

Body Management Skills: Agility, Flexibility, Coordination

18-20

Gymnastics

20-24

Manipulative Skills: Striking with short-handled implements

24-27

Manipulative Skills: Foot Dribbling, Foot Passing, Trapping

28-30

Cooperative Games

31-34

Manipulative Skills: Dribbling, Passing, Shooting

34-38

Manipulative Skills: Volleying

39

Fitness Testing: Pacer, Pushups, Sit-ups

40

Field Day!

4-5th Grade:
Week

#of Lessons

Units

1&2

Introduction: Class rules, safety procedures, routines, signals,


partnering, trans

2&3

Fitness Testing: Pacer, Pushups, Sit-ups

3-7

Manipulative Skills: Chasing, Feeling, Dodging, Spatial


awareness

7-9

Manipulative Skills: Hand-eye Coordination

9-14

Manipulative Skills: Throwing, Catching

14-16

Educational/Fitness games: cardiovascular activities, Muscular


endurance/strength

16-17

Dance Aerobics

17-18

Fitness Testing: Pacer, Pushup, Sit-ups

18-20

Body Management Skills: Flexibility, Coordination

20-24

Educational Games: Volleying

24-27

Educational Games: Bouncing, Passing, Dribbling

28-30

Manipulative Skills: Dribbling, passing, and kicking with feet

31-34

Manipulative Skills: Targeting and striking with handledimplement

34-38

Cooperative games

39

Fitness Testing: Pacer, Pushups, Situps

40

Field Day!

2. Safety Precautions

Teachers have a great responsibility to make sure the students can participate
safely in their physical education class. The physical educator is certified in
CPR and First Aid training. This is to ensure that the teacher know how to act
accordingly in case of an emergency situation. The teacher will also have an
emergency plan in place in case of an accident. In case of severe weather or
fire, the teacher will use the school buildings safety procedures.
To participate in Physical Education, students must first have a physical on file.
The students will also be given a handbook with all guidelines and regulations
for PE upon enrollment. This handbook includes a contract, that must be
signed and returned to the office, by the parent/guardian stating that they
have read and understand the guidelines/regulations.
The Physical Educator is responsible for ensuring that the gymnasium and all
facilities used for physical education are well kept and free of hazardous debris
that would cause injury. The educator is also responsible for making sure that
the custodians have swept and maintained appropriate care for the facilities as
well.
The equipment used in physical education is stored and kept in an organized
fashion and is free of harm. The physical educator will inspect and ensure that
no damaged equipment will be distributed for student use. This examination
will take place once a month and once again before use.
Emergency Procedure:
RESPONSE TO ANY EMERGENCY
___ Notify the principal and 911, if necessary. The principal notifies the
superintendent.
___ Notify the school Emergency Response Team. (Nurse, etc.)

___ Seal off high-risk area(s).


___ Take charge of the area(s) until the incident is contained, or relieved by
staff.
___ Contact Students Parents/Guardians
___ Preserve evidence. Keep detailed notes of incident.
___ Refer media to the official school or district spokesperson
___ Notify the Post-Incident Response Team, if necessary.

Safety Rules
1. WALK WHEN ENTERING THE GYM.
2. DO NOT TOUCH ANY EQUIPMENT WITHOUT PERMISSION.
3. YOU MUST BE WEARING SNEAKERS TO PLAY AND THE SNEAKERS MUST
BE TIED PROPERLY. (COACHES WILL DECIDE IF YOUR SNEAKERS ARE
APPROPRIATE)
4. NO RINGS, EARRINGS, COMBS, WATCHES OR JEWELRY OF ANY KIND
WHILE PARTICIPATING IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION.
5. WEAR APPROPRIATE CLOTHING ON PE DAYS. 6. ALWAYS THINK ABOUT
THE CONSEQUENCES OF YOUR ACTIONS.
7. FOLLOW TEACHER INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE DURATION OF ALL
ACTIVITIES.

Physical Education Rules


1. DO NOT ENTER GYM IF COACH IS NOT IN THERE.
2. WHEN ENTERING GYM, WALK TO THE INSTRUCTED SPOT AND SIT
DOWN. NO RUNNING, SLIDING OR HORSEPLAY.
3. STOP LOOK AND LISTEN ON SIGNAL.
4. DO NOT TOUCH ANY EQUIPMENT WITHOUT PERMISSION FROM COACH
5. ONLY ONE PERSON TALKS AT A TIME.
6. NO CANDY OR GUM ALLOWED IN GYM
7. ABSENCE FROM PHYSICAL EDUCATION REQUIRES A WRITTEN EXCUSE.
8. ALWAYS SHOW RESPECT FOR YOUR TEACHERS AND CLASSMATES.

9. BE ON YOUR BEST BEHAVIOR FOR SUBSTITUTES.


10. REPORT ALL INJURIES TO TEACHER IMMEDIATLY.
11. STUDENTS MAY NOT LEAVE GYM WITHOUT PERMISSION.

http://www.northcolonie.org/academics/peelementaryhdbk.pdf

Physical Activity During School


**REMEMBER: Children need ATLEAST 60 minutes of PA per day!!

Recess for ALL grades


Dance/Shake it off activities after lunch/snack periods
Structured games/activities during recess periods

Physical Activity in the Classroom/Hallway:

No Stress Test: Make it a classroom tradition to have a 5-minute walking


break before a test to help everyone unwind and relax.

Take the Long Way: before your next class change, stop class 3 minutes
early and take your students the long way to their next room.

Stretch It Out: have students stand with both arms extended out in front.
Slowly, alternate using arms to push open an imaginary door. Clasp
hands together and extend arms out, bending the elbows slightly, stretch
neck by lowing your head (as if trying to touch nose to chest).

Studies have show that Physical Activity in the classroom has improved time on
task, showed fewer discipline issues, and also improved academic performance.
Implementing PA in the classroom and between classes is important to make a
difference in a students academic careers.
http://www.heart.org/idc/groups/heartpublic/@wcm/@fc/documents/downloadable/ucm_455767

Physical Activity Before & After School

Marathon Club: Complete 26.2 miles over the club season in 1 to 2 mile
increments. Season would be Monday mornings and Wednesday
afternoons from Fall to Spring, with a Winter break.

Open Gym: A couple days a week, open the gym up for students to come
in and utilize the different types of equipment, to shoot some extra
hoops, run, walk, and things of that nature.

Walking School Bus/Bicycle Train: Adults supervise children walking or


riding their bikes to school.

Intramurals: March Madness Students sign up for one of three


activities during a session. (Spring) Sessions last for one-hour 2x per
week. Activities include: basketball, floor hockey, and volleyball, in the
gymnasium and Dance, Dance Revolution in the cafeteria.

Staff Involvement
Be a healthy role model for the students! If they see you doing it, theyll want to
do it too.

Walk During Lunch


Workouts before/after school
o Yoga, Pilates, Weights, Walking, Running, etc.
Wellness Program
o Provide healthy food/snack options at low cost in Teachers Lounge
o Insurance incentives
o Free BP & Cholesterol checks
Exchange healthy recipes/coupons

Biggest Loser Competitions

Family & Community Involvement


Getting the families and communities involved in a physically active way, is a
great way to create a healthy culture for the children. This also increases
visibility for the physical education program and helps to build helpful,
supportive relationships.
Family/Community Events
PE Night: This is a great way for the children to show their parents the
things that they are experiencing in physical education class. This is a
fantastic way for the children to interact physically with their families in
a positive, healthy manner.

Field Day: Field days offer the opportunity to experience various skills
introduced in Physical Education during the school year. They involve
students in a wide variety of physical activities that promote fitness
outside of the classroom.

As mentioned above, volunteers for Marathon Club, Walking Bus/Bicycle


Train, PE Night, Field Day

Family Yoga: Once every month, get the families to come in for some fun,
calming, yoga with their children.

National Walk to School Day: Reduce traffic congestion, boost a sense of


community, and improve neighborhood connections that will help benefit
the community.