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Single bolt capacity to EN 1993-1-8

Bolt diameter
Hole diameter

d=
d0 =

20

mm

Gross bolt area

22

mm

Net bolt area


Edge distances
e1 =
40.0

Bolt Grade

8.8

fub =

800

N/mm2

Steel grade

S355

fu =

510

N/mm2

e2 =

40.0

t=

14

mm

M2 =

1.25

Plate thickness
Shear capacity

F v,Rd=

Bearing capacity

F b,Rd=

0 . 6 f ub A

= 120.6

kN

Tension capacity

F t,Rd=

= 122.8

kN

Punching capacity

B p,Rd =

Fv,Ed = 100.0

kN

Tension load

M2
k 1 b f u dt
M2

Shear load

F v,Ed
F t,Ed
+
=
F v,Rd 1. 4 F t,Rd

Combined shear and tension

0.83

<1

Bolts diameters, hole sizes and areas


Bolt diameter,
Hole diameter

d, mm
d0 , mm

12
13

14
15

16
18

18
20

20
22

22
24

Gross area

1.13

1.54

2.01

2.54

3.14

3.80

Net area

A, cm2
As , cm2

0.84

1.15

1.57

1.92

2.45

3.03

Head/nut height

tbh , mm

10

11.5

13

14.5

16

17.5

Punching diam.

dm , mm

20.5

23.5

26

29

32

35.5

4.6
400

4.8
400

5.6
500

5.8
500

6.8
600

8.8
800

240

320

300

400

480

640

Bolt grades
Bolt grade
Tensile strength

fub, N/mm

Yield strength

fyb, N/mm2

Minimum edge distances and spacing


Bolt diameter
Edge distences,
mm
Spacing, mm

Steel grade

d, mm
e1 = 1.2d0

12
15.6

14
18.0

16
21.6

18
24.0

20
26.4

22
28.8

e2 = 1.2d0

15.6

18.0

21.6

24.0

26.4

28.8

p1 = 2.2d0

28.6

33.0

39.6

44.0

48.4

52.8

p2 = 2.4d0

31.2

36.0

43.2

48.0

52.8

57.6

510

N/mm2

S355

fu =

Shear capacity through threaded portion

M2 =

1.25

0 . 9 f ub A s
M2

0 .6 d m tf u
M2

Bolt grade

d, mm
4.6
4.8
5.6
5.8
6.8
8.8
10.9

12
16.1
13.4
20.2
16.8
20.2
32.3
33.6

14
22.1
18.4
27.6
23.0
27.6
44.2
46.0

16
30.1
25.1
37.7
31.4
37.7
60.3
62.8

18
36.9
30.7
46.1
38.4
46.1
73.7
76.8

20
47.0
39.2
58.8
49.0
58.8
94.1
98.0

22
58.2
48.5
72.7
60.6
72.7
116
121

Shear resistance through unthreaded portion

Bolt grade

d, mm
4.6
4.8
5.6
5.8
6.8
8.8
10.9

12
21.7
21.7
27.1
27.1
32.6
43.4
54.3

14
29.6
29.6
36.9
36.9
44.3
59.1
73.9

16
38.6
38.6
48.3
48.3
57.9
77.2
96.5

18
48.9
48.9
61.1
61.1
73.3
97.7
122

20
60.3
60.3
75.4
75.4
90.5
121
151

22
73.0
73.0
91.2
91.2
109
146
182

Bearing resistance for minimum spacing

Plate thickness - t,
mm

d, mm
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24

12
19.5
26.0
32.5
39.0
45.5
52.0
58.5
65.0
71.5
78.0

14
22.8
30.3
37.9
45.5
53.1
60.7
68.3
75.9
83.4
91.0

16
26.0
34.7
43.3
52.0
60.7
69.4
78.0
86.7
95.4
104

18
29.3
39.0
48.8
58.5
68.3
78.0
87.8
97.5
107
117

20
32.5
43.3
54.2
65.0
75.9
86.7
97.5
108
119
130

22
35.8
47.7
59.6
71.5
83.4
95.4
107
119
131
143

12
24.2
24.2
30.2
30.2
36.3
48.4
60.5

14
33.1
33.1
41.4
41.4
49.7
66.2
82.8

16
45.2
45.2
56.5
56.5
67.8
90.4
113

18
55.3
55.3
69.1
69.1
82.9
111
138

20
70.6
70.6
88.2
88.2
106
141
176

22
87.3
87.3
109
109
131
175
218

14
25
116

16
29
133

18
32
150

20
36
166

22
40
183

Tension resistance

Bolt grade

d, mm
4.6
4.8
5.6
5.8
6.8
8.8
10.9

Puhching shear resistance


d, mm
dm, mm
6

Plate thickness - t,

12
22
99.7

Plate thickness - t,
mm

8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24

133
166
199
233
266
299
332
365
399

155
194
233
271
310
349
388
426
465

177
221
266
310
354
399
443
487
532

199
249
299
349
399
449
498
548
598

221
277
332
388
443
498
554
609
664

244
305
365
426
487
548
609
670
731

A=
As =

3.14

cm2
cm2
mm

ge distances
mm,

p1 =

2.45
Spacing
50.0

mm,

p2 =

60.0

mm

k1 =

2.12

b =

0.51

F t,Rd=
B p,Rd =

0 . 9 f ub A s
M2

0 .6 d m tf u
M2

Ft,Ed =

141.1

kN

344.5

kN

0.0

kN

24
26

27
30

30
33

36
39

4.52

5.73

7.07

10.18

3.53

4.59

5.61

8.17

19

21.5

24

28.5

39

44

50

60

Steel grades
10.9
1000
900

24
31.2

27
36.0

30
39.6

36
46.8

31.2

36.0

39.6

46.8

57.2

66.0

72.6

85.8

62.4

72.0

79.2

93.6

1.66

b =

k1 =

0.4

Steel grade
Tensile strength

fu, N/mm2

Yield strength

fy, N/mm2

24
67.8
56.5
84.7
70.6
84.7
136
141

27
88.1
73.4
110
91.8
110
176
184

30
108
90
135
112
135
215
224

36
157
131
196
163
196
314
327

24
86.9
86.9
109
109
130
174
217

27
110
110
137
137
165
220
275

30
136
136
170
170
204
271
339

36
195
195
244
244
293
391
489

24
39.0
52.0
65.0
78.0
91.0
104
117
130
143
156

27
43.9
58.5
73.1
87.8
102
117
132
146
161
176

30
48.8
65.0
81.3
97.5
114
130
146
163
179
195

36
58.5
78.0
97.5
117
137
156
176
195
215
234

24
102
102
127
127
152
203
254

27
132
132
165
165
198
264
330

30
162
162
202
202
242
323
404

36
235
235
294
294
353
471
588

24
43
199

27
49
224

30
54
249

36
65
299

266
332
399
465
532
598
664
731
797

299
374
449
523
598
673
748
822
897

332
415
498
581
664
748
831
914
997

399
498
598
698
797
897
997
1096
1196

S235
360

S275
430

S355
510

235

275

355

Fillet weld capacity to EN 1993-1-8


Steel grades
Steel grade
Tensile strength
Correlation factor

fu, N/mm

S235
360

S275
430

S355
510

0.8

0.85
M2 =

0.9
1.25

Fillet weld capacity Fw,Rd, kN/cm


Steel grade
Weld resistance

Weld throat
a, mm

fw,Rd, N/mm
4
6
8
12
14
16
18
20

S235
208
8.31
12.47
16.63
24.94
29.10
33.26
37.41
41.57

S275
234
9.35
14.02
18.69
28.04
32.71
37.39
42.06
46.73

S355
262
10.47
15.70
20.94
31.41
36.64
41.88
47.11
52.35