Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 12

ESS130:GraphinginEXCEL

WhyaSpecificTypeofGraph?
Whatdata/resultsdoyouhave?
Whatdoyouwanttoshow?
Whatistheconventionforthesetypeofdata?

Note:Data isapluralword.Datum isonenumber

TypesofGraphs

GraphingwithEXCEL
Selectthedatayouwanttograph
FromtheInsert tab,selectCharts
Choseeither

Column
Line
Pie
Bar
Area
Scatter
OtherCharts

OtherChartTypesinEXCEL
OtherCharts include
Stock
Surface
Doughnut
Bubble
Radar

MainTypes XY/ScatterPlot
Mostcommonlyusedgraphillustratinga
possiblerelationbetweenX andY
X doesnothavetobeequallyspaced
Canplot
Justpoints
Pointswithcurves
Justcurves
Pointswithlines
Justlines

MainTypes XY/ScatterPlot
Usinglines(andcurves,orsmoothed)has
implications
Youareinterpolatingbetweenthedatapoints
Ontherightthere
isalinearincrease
fromonepointtothe
next

MainTypes XY/ScatterPlot
Canfitatrendline through
thedata
Estimaterelationbetween
thetwovariables
Differenttypes
Lines
Nonlinearfunctions

Displayequation
Displayfitoffunction

MainTypes LinePlot
UsedwhentheX variableiscontinuousand
hasthesameintervalthroughout,suchasa
timestepofaday,month,etc.
X axisisconsideredcategorical
Canformatwellfor(mathematically)non
regularintervals
e.g.,dailydaywithmonthlytickmarks

SimilarformatstoXYplots

MainTypes BarChart
Column(orBar)
Vertical(orHorizontal)bars
Display
ClusterColumn =SidebySide
StackedColumn =ColumnontopofColumn
100%StackedColumn =AllColumnsperlabel/itemare
proportionedsonetstackis100%
Various3DColumnsplots=usuallytooshowyin
science(usedinBusiness,etc.,whenyoudonthave
muchdata)

Others
Piechart
Showstheparts/distributionofthewhole

Stockplot
Showserror,variability(stddev),max/min,
percentiles,etc.
X axisiscategorical

CanuseerrorbarsonanXY plot
Clickonplot,selectLayout tab,thenAnalysis,
thenErrorBars

Others
BubblePlot(usesX,Y,Zdata)
ShowsmagnitudeofZ inspace
Goodifnotonaregulargrid
AregulargridcanbeaRasterplot
e.g.,populationofcitiesorpercapitawateruse

RadarPlot(usesX,Ydata)
Usedwhendirectionisimportant
e.g.,dominantwinddirectionatalocation(calleda
windrose)