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Sarahrae Kumka !

Grade: 9

Course: Physical Education and Health

Unit: Health

Strand/Concept: Healthy Sexuality

*Use of Technology (if applicable):



*Introduction to Lesson (Let the reader know where this lesson would occur in a unit.
For example, is this the first lesson in a unit? If not, what skills and knowledge should the
students already have?)

Fourth Class
Limited knowledge from previous grades
Basic knowledge and understanding of Male/Female Anatomy
Basic knowledge and understanding of STIs
Differentiated Instruction Details
Entrance Cards
Section One: What will students learn?
Curriculum Expectations:
By the end of the course, students will:
Identify the factors that contribute to positive relationships with others
Explain the consequences of sexual decisions on the individual, family, and community

Identify the developmental stages of sexuality throughout life
Describe the factors that lead to responsible sexual relationships
Describe the relative effectiveness of methods of preventing pregnancies and sexually
transmitted diseases (e.g., abstinence, condoms, oral contraceptives)
Demonstrate understanding of how to use decision making and assertiveness skills
effectively to promote healthy sexuality (e.g., healthy human relationships, avoiding
unwanted pregnancies and STDs such as HIV/AIDS)
Demonstrate understanding of the pressures on teens to be sexually active

Sarahrae Kumka !
Learning Goals:
We are learning to:

Identify developmental stages of sexuality

Understand responsible sexual relationships and decision making
Describe relative effectiveness of contraceptive and personal protective methods
Understand pressure to be sexually active

Instructional Components and Context


Previous knowledge and understanding of components of the human body

Previous knowledge and understanding of basic health concepts regarding healthy
Previous knowledge and understanding of a variety of STIs


Sexually Transmitted Infection

Oral Contraceptive
Hormonal Contraceptive
Physical barrier


Birth control power point (Attached)

Condom demo YouTube video
Numbered + coloured info cards (Appendix A)
Healthy Sexuality game (Attached)

Section Two: How will we know students are learning? Assessment for, as and of learning

Sarahrae Kumka !
Assessment Success Criteria

Assessment Tool(s):

- Carousel (For)
Participate in educating classmates on

- Participation

various safe sex methods

Healthy Sexuality game (of)
review for quiz
Entrance Cards (For)
Review STI lecture

!- Observation

Section Three: How will assessment and instruction be organized for teaching and

Minds On: Activating Prior Knowledge can be a warm up/fitness blast or specific to the
game/sport being taught for activity based class or hook activity for health lesson

- 05 minutes
Entrance Cards
- students will review three facts on an STI of their choice

- 20 minutes
Birth Control Activity
- Introductory powerpoint
- 2 minute YouTube condom video

- 30 minutes
Contraception Carousel
- Students will each receive an information card about a particular contraceptive method
- Students will become familiar with their method.
- Students will then get into groups of like colour card and proceed to teach their fellow
students about their particular method

- Students will make jot notes on each method for their Healthy Sexuality duotang

- 20 minutes
Healthy Sexuality Jeopardy
- Students will be divided into two teams
- Teams will review unit using jeopardy format
- slides provided

Sarahrae Kumka !
Self Reflection

Resources / Sources:
Birth control Prezi

Condom use YouTube video


Contraception information

Sarahrae Kumka !
Appendix A
Abstinence is a fancy word for choosing not to do something. A
person can choose to abstain at any point in their life, even if
they havent abstained in the past.!

Sexual Abstinence can mean choosing to abstain from different

levels of sexual activity. Here are a couple of possible
definitions of sexual abstinence between two consenting

avoiding vaginal intercourse (penis to vagina sex)!

avoiding vaginal, oral (mouth to penis or vagina sex) and anal
intercourse (penis to anus sex)!
avoiding genital contact (any type of direct touching of the
partners penis or vagina).!
When is abstinence (avoidance of vaginal penetration) an
acceptable form of contraception?!
Avoidance of vaginal intercourse is very effective for preventing
unwanted pregnancy and still allows a couple to be involved in
other forms of sexual expression. However, if a secondary goal
is to avoid sexually transmitted infection, then oral-genital sex
and other activities that expose the partner to pre-ejaculatory
fluid, semen, cervical-vaginal secretions or blood must be
avoided unless the partner is known to be free of any possible
infectious agents.!

Minimal risk of misuse!
Freedom from the threat of STI and HIV infection, if no
exchange of body fluids occurs!
No physical side effects!
No need to visit a health care provider!
No cost, unless condoms and dams are used for oral-genital
There are no disadvantages of abstinence if a couple is able to
maintain a fulfilling relationship without the need for penetrative
sex. When couples choose this approach they are wise to
become knowledgeable about contraceptive alternatives and to
have barrier methods available in the event that they decide to
have penetrative sexual intercourse at some later date.

What is it?!
The IUD is a small, T-shaped device with a copper wire.
Inserted into the uterus, the copper wire changes the chemistry
in the uterus and destroys sperm.!

The copper IUD provides up to 5 years of contraception, and
has no negative impact on future fertility, once removed. It fails
in only 1 of 100 users per year. The IUD should not alter the
timing of your periods. Women who use an IUD have a lower
rate of ectopic pregnancy than women who do not use any birth
control. However, if pregnancy should occur, it is important to
see your health care provider immediately, because there is a
significant chance the pregnancy is in the fallopian tube.!

The copper IUD may be a good choice for you if:!

You are at low risk for contracting a sexually transmitted
infection (STI)!
You are looking for a long-term, reliable method of
You have had failure with other methods in the past (can not
remember to take the pill)!
You are breastfeeding (it has no effect on breast milk)!
You have completed your family but do not want a tubal ligation!
You have problems with hormonal methods of contraception !
The copper IUD does not protect against sexually transmitted
infections (STIs) or HIV. Condoms should be used to protect
against STIs or HIV.!
Women who use the copper IUD, may find that their periods get
heavier or more crampy.!
Complications associated with the IUD are rare but may occur.
Possible complications of inserting an IUD include irregular
bleeding or spotting, perforating the uterus (making a small
hole in the uterus), infection, or expulsion (the IUD falls out).!

You should contact your health care provider if any of the
following occur:!
You cannot feel the IUD threads!
You or your partner can feel the lower end of the IUD!
You think that you are pregnant!
You experience persistent abdominal pain, fever, or unusual
vaginal discharge!
You or your partner feel pain or discomfort during intercourse!
You experience a sudden change in your menstrual periods!
You wish to have the device removed or you want to get
Where to find it!
You will need a prescription to get a copper IUD. A health care
provider must insert the IUD, usually in the office or family
planning clinic. During your first visit, you will have a physical
exam, take a sexually transmitted infection test and discuss
your medical history. You may need to book a second visit to
have the IUD inserted. Your health care provider will insert the
IUD into the uterus through the cervix (opening of the uterus).

Sarahrae Kumka !
What is it?!
This disposable sponge containing spermicide is placed at the
cervix and kills sperm before they can enter. When used in
combination with the male condom, the failure rate is only 2%.!

What is it?!
The diaphragm is a latex cap that covers the cervix and
prevents sperm from getting inside. The diaphragm should
always be used in combination with a foam spermicide, placed
inside the diaphragm, to offer protection from pregnancy.!

It offers women privacy and control, because they can insert it
before sex. If used perfectly, the failure rate is 4-8%. In other
words, if 100 women use it correctly for one year, four to eight
of them will become pregnant.!

Its a barrier method and spermicide in one. Provides 12-hour
protection, and you wont have to change the sponge if sex is
repeated during this time. They enhance the effectiveness of
other forms of contraception such as condoms.!
On its own, the contraceptive sponge is not a very effective
contraceptive method, and should not be used without another
form of contraception. They do, however, provide good
secondary protection when used with condoms. Some women
find it difficult to remove the sponge, or forget to take it out all
together. Some may also be allergic to the spermicide. By itself,
the sponge will not protect against sexually transmitted
infections (STIs).!

Some women who use the sponge report recurrent yeast
infections. If this is the case, talk to your doctor about finding a
different method of contraception that works best for you.!

Where to find it!

You can pick up a package of 4 sponges in a drugstore or at a
birth control centre.
What is it?!
The male condom is a latex sheath that is rolled over a males
penis to prevent secretions (including semen) from entering the

Condoms are 97% effective when used properly and
consistently. Condoms protect you and your partner from
unwanted pregnancy. Condoms are inexpensive, easy to use
and effective. Theyre also your best defence against sexually
transmitted infections (STIs) - the only type of birth-control
method to offer such protection!

Some males complain about lack of sensitivity. The condom
may slip off during sex. Rough handling may cause the condom
to break. Some males and females may be allergic to latex.!

Where to find them!

Your can pick up a pack of condoms at the drugstore or buy
one in a washroom, supermarket, convenience store, or free at
a family planning centre. For added protection, team up a
condom with a spermicidal jelly, foam, cream, suppository or
film. These products can stop sperm from moving up the
female reproductive tract in case the condom breaks. But
remember, spermicides used on their own can facilitate the
transmission of HIV.


Some women find diaphragms difficult to insert at first, and
others find that it doesnt fit them right. There is also a chance
of developing a urinary tract infection while using it. Does not
protect against sexually transmitted infections(STIs).!

If you are having difficulty inserting the diaphragm correctly,
practise before having sex. If too much spermicide is used (1-2
teaspoons is best), it makes it difficult to handle when you try to
fold the diaphragm during insertion. For increased protection
against pregnancy and STIs, use with a condom.!

Where to find it!

You can make an appointment with your doctor to have a
diaphragm fitted properly to your body.

What is it?!
The female condom is a polyurethane sheath in the shape of a
round, upside-down baggie inserted into the vagina before sex.
This condom holds in the sperm, preventing it from entering the

Its the only contraceptive controlled by females that protects
them from both pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections
(STIs). Used perfectly, the female condom has a failure rate of

Some women may have trouble inserting it correctly, and they
can be expensive - around $3 each.!

If you are uncomfortable with it or have too much trouble
inserting it, try something more suitable for you or ask for
expert advice at a birth control clinic.!

Where to find it!

You can pick one up at a drugstore or at a family planning

Sarahrae Kumka !
What is it?!
The contraceptive patch (Evra) is a new method of birth
control that has been available in Canada since January 2004.
It is a 4 x 4 cm beige patch that sticks to a womans skin and
continuously releases estrogen and a progestin (two female
hormones) into the bloodstream.!

What is it?!
The vaginal ring (NuvaRingTM) is a new birth control method
that is now available in Canada. This soft, flexible, clear plastic
ring measures 54mm in diameter and is inserted into a
womans vagina where it slowly releases two female hormones
(estrogen and a progestin) for three weeks.!

How it works!
The patch prevents pregnancy primarily by stopping the ovaries
from releasing an egg, but it may also thicken the cervical
mucus (making it harder for sperm to get into the uterus) and
make the uterine lining thin. Its method of action is very similar
to the Pill.!

How does it work?!

These hormones enter into the womans bloodstream and
prevent pregnancy mainly by stopping the ovaries from
releasing an egg. It may also thicken the cervical mucous and
make the uterine lining thin. The rings method of action is very
similar to the combined oral contraceptive pill. The ring does
not provide a physical barrier to sperm and it does not prevent
sexually transmitted infections.!


How to use it!

Unlike the Pill, which has to be taken every day, each patch is
worn on the skin for seven days. One patch is worn each week
for 3 weeks. The patch should be changed on the same day
each week (called the Patch Change Day). The fourth week is
patch-free, allowing a period to occur. The patch should never
be off for more than seven days. Following the seven patchfree days, a new cycle is started when you apply a new patch
on your Patch Change Day.!

Like the Pill, the patch is also more than 99% effective at
preventing pregnancy when used perfectly, with about a 3%
failure rate for typical users. For women who have trouble
remembering to take a pill every day, the patch may work better
than the Pill. It may be a bit less effective in women who weigh
more than 90 kg (198 pounds).!
Benefits to being on the patch include a regular, lighter period,
often with less PMS and cramping. It is believed to reduce the
risk of endometrial and ovarian cancers and help prevent
benign ovarian cysts like the birth control pill because it works
in a similar way. It is completely reversible. Once you stop the
patch, your body resumes its natural cycle.!

The patch does not protect against sexually transmitted
When starting the patch, you may notice side effects such as
breakthrough bleeding (between periods), breast tenderness,
headaches, or nausea as your body gets used to the
hormones. These symptoms usually go away in the first three
You may also notice some skin irritation.!
Women who cannot take estrogen due to a medical condition
cannot use the patch or the Pill. See your doctor to decide if the
patch is a good choice for you.!
It may not be covered by all drug plans.

The ring comes in only one size, and does not need to be in a
particular position in the vagina to be effective. It is held in
place by the walls of the vagina and a woman usually cannot
feel the ring once it is in. The woman inserts and removes the
ring herself and most women find this easy to do. Remember,
the vagina is a closed space and there is no way for the ring to
get lost or go anywhere else.!

The ring is worn inside the vagina for three weeks, followed by
a one-week (seven day) ring-free interval. When the ring is
removed, a woman usually has a period within a few days. At
the end of the ring-free week, the woman inserts another ring to
begin a new cycle.!

The ring should be left in place during sex. Most men and
women do not notice it during intercourse, and even for those
who do, it is not usually bothersome.!

The ring is at least as effective as the birth control pill, and it
may be more effective if a woman has trouble remembering to
take her pill every day.!

In addition to preventing pregnancy, the ring has the added
benefit of making a womans periods more regular, lighter, and
may reduce cramping. It is also believed to have similar
benefits as the birth control pill in treating PMS, endometriosis
and acne, and preventing ovarian and endometrial cancers, but
this has not yet been proven. It is completely reversible. When
a woman stops using the ring, her body resumes its normal
cycle and fertility returns quickly. The ring does NOT cause
weight gain, nor does it increase vaginal infections.!

Uncommonly reported side-effects include headaches, vaginal
irritation, discomfort or discharge, nausea, and breast
Breakthrough bleeding (bleeding between periods) occurred in
about five percent of women, especially during the first few

Sarahrae Kumka !
What is it?!
Depo-Provera is a hormonal birth control method that
contains a progestin. It does not contain estrogen. It is
administered by a needle in the muscle of the arm or buttocks
every 12-13 weeks. It is 99.7% effective in preventing
pregnancy, but causes loss of bone density. Because of this,
Depo-Provera is usually only recommended for people who
are unable to take other contraceptive methods. The injection
should be used with condoms to prevent sexually transmitted
infections (STIs).!

How it works!
It stops your ovaries from releasing an egg every month
(ovulation). It also thins the lining of the uterus.!

With this method of birth control, you only have to think about it
4 times a year! You do not have to remember to take it every
day. It is reversible. Fifty percent of women will stop having
periods all together (amenorrhea) within the first year of starting
Depo-Provera. This is not unhealthy and, for women who
have heavy or painful periods, this may be a positive side
effect. Depo-Provera can be used by breastfeeding mothers.
It has no effect on breast milk production. It also decreases the
risk of endometrial cancer.!


Depo-Provera is associated with a decrease in bone mineral
density. For this reason, it is recommended when other birth
control methods are not a good option.!
Depo-Provera does not protect against sexually transmitted
infections (STIs) or HIV. Condoms should still be used to
protect against STIs or HIV.!
Women must return to their health care provider every 12-13
weeks to receive their next injection.!

What is it?!
The intra-uterine system (IUS) provides reliable, reversible
contraception for up to five years. This method of hormonal
contraception is more than 99% effective in preventing

How does it work?!

The IUS is made up of a small T-shaped frame with a small
cylinder containing the hormone levonorgestrel. It does not
contain estrogen. This cylinder slowly releases the hormone
that acts on the lining of the uterus. The lining of the uterus
becomes thinner and the cervical mucus becomes thicker
which makes it harder for sperm to enter the uterus.!

The IUS does not contain estrogen so it can be used in women
who cannot take or have a sensitivity to estrogen. The IUS is
effective for up to five years. Unlike the copper intra-uterine
device (IUD), the IUS decreases the amount of menstrual
bleeding and may decrease menstrual cramping.!


The hormonal IUS does not protect against sexually transmitted
infections (STIs) or HIV. Condoms should be used to protect
against STIs or HIV.!
Complications associated with the IUS are rare but may occur.
Possible complications of inserting an IUS include irregular
bleeding or spotting, perforating the uterus (making a small
hole in the uterus), infection, or expulsion (the IUS falls out).