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Jubail Export Refinery

Engineering Standard

JERES-L-610
Non Metallic Piping and
Equipment

Revision
1

Responsibility
JER Engineering Division

10 September
2008

Jubail Export Refinery


Engineering Standard
JERES-L-610
Rev. 1

Non Metallic Piping and Equipment

10 September
2008

Revision Tracking
Revision

Revision Date

Scope of Revision

10 September 2008

29 April 2008

Issued for bid package.

03

24 April 2008

To incorporate equipment as part of this standard

02

31 March 2008

Issued for bid package only for review

Revised to update page numbering.

01

03 August 2007

The first official JERES-L-610 is issued.

00

16 February 2007

First draft issued is based on Saudi Aramco SAES-L-610


Nonmetalling Piping issue date November 30, 2005. Document
was modified to incorporate amendments and modifications.

This document is the property of Jubail Export Refinery and no parts of this document shall be reproduced by any
means without prior approval by the Company.

Page 2 of 12

Jubail Export Refinery


Engineering Standard
JERES-L-610
Rev. 1

Non Metallic Piping and Equipment

10 September
2008

Table of Contents
Section

Contents

Page

Scope

Conflicts, Deviations and Clarifications

References

Definitions

Limitation

Installation, Testing and Inspection

10

This document is the property of Jubail Export Refinery and no parts of this document shall be reproduced by any
means without prior approval by the Company.

Page 3 of 12

Jubail Export Refinery


Engineering Standard
JERES-L-610
Rev. 1

Non Metallic Piping and Equipment

10 September
2008

Scope
This Standard covers requirements and limitations for the design, installation and testing of
non-metallic piping and equipment in all areas and in all applications, except for
plumbing systems in buildings, which are covered by JERES-S-060. Non-metallic
tanks are not part of this standard.
This Standard supplements the requirements of ASME B31 Series, Code for Pressure Piping
and the ASME-X for equipment.

Conflicts, Deviations and Clarifications

2.1

Any conflicts between this standard and other applicable Company Engineering
Standards (JERES), Material Specifications (JERMS), Standard Drawings (JERSD),
Engineering Procedures (JEREP), Company Forms or Industry standards,
specifications, Codes and forms shall be brought to the attention of Company
Representative by the Contractor for resolution.
Until the resolution is officially made by the Company Representative, the most
stringent requirement shall govern.

2.2

Where a licensor specification is more stringent than those of this standard, the
Licensors specific requirement shall apply.

2.3

Where applicable Codes or Standards are not called by this standard or its
requirements are not clear, it shall be brought to attention of Company
Representative by Contractor for resolution.

2.4

Direct all requests for deviations or clarifications in writing to the Company or its
Representative who shall follow internal Company procedure and provide final
resolution.

References
The selection of material and equipment, and the design, construction, maintenance,
and repair of equipment and facilities covered by this standard shall comply with the
latest edition of the references listed below as of the CUT-OFF DATE as specified
in the Contract unless otherwise noted.
Company References
Company Engineering Standards

This document is the property of Jubail Export Refinery and no parts of this document shall be reproduced by any
means without prior approval by the Company.

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Jubail Export Refinery


Engineering Standard
JERES-L-610
Rev. 1

Non Metallic Piping and Equipment

JERES-B-017

10 September
2008

Fire Water System Design

JERES-L-105

Piping Material Specifications

JERES-L-132

Velocity Criteria and Basic Material Selection for Process


Piping

JERES-S-020

Industrial Drainage and Sewers

JERES-S-040

Jubail Export Refinery Water Systems

JERES-S-050

Sprinkler and Standpipe Systems in Buildings

JERES-S-060

Plumbing Code

JERES-S-070

Installation of Utility Piping Systems

Company Materials Specifications


JERMS-L-1029

Unrestrained Gasketed Joint RTR Sewer Pipe and Fittings

JERMS-L-1034

RTR (Fiberglass) Pressure Pipe and Fittings

Industry Codes and Standards


American Society of Mechanical Engineers
ASME B31.3

Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping

ASME X

Fiber-reinforced Plastic Pressure Vessels

American Society for Testing and Materials


ASTM D1785

Polyvinyl Chloride Plastic Pipe

ASTM D4024

Reinforced Thermosetting Resin (RTR) Flanges

Uniform Plumbing Code


American Water Works Association
AWWA C950

Fiberglass Pressure Pipe

Other References

This document is the property of Jubail Export Refinery and no parts of this document shall be reproduced by any
means without prior approval by the Company.

Page 5 of 12

Jubail Export Refinery


Engineering Standard
JERES-L-610
Rev. 1

Non Metallic Piping and Equipment

10 September
2008

Saudi Arabian Standards Organization


SASO SSA/14

Pipes of Unplasticized Plastic for Potable Water

Definitions

4.1

Definitions presented in this Standard and other JER documents have precedence
over other definitions. Conflicts between various definitions shall be brought to the
attention of Company Representative by the Contractor for resolution.
Company: Jubail Export Refinery.
Company Representative: A designated person from the Company or an assigned
third party representative.
Company Inspector: A designated person or an agency responsible for conducting
inspection activities on behalf of the Company.

4.2

List of Definitions
Purposely left blank.

Limitation
Plastic pipe and equipment may involve proprietary materials and designs that are
not well covered by industry standards. The safety and reliability aspects vary with
product, piping, equipment design, and installation, inspection, testing, etc.
Temperature limits are given in table 1, appendix A.
Materials
The use of non-metallic piping is prohibited in hydrocarbon services except of
particular application, which require Company Representative approval and as
follow.
Exceptions:
1)

RTR (Fiberglass) piping for aviation refueling facilities shall be in accordance with
JERMS-L-1034 provided it is buried, its size is limited to maximum 4-inch nominal
pipe size and the joints are adhesive bonded. Additional protection shall be provided
to ensure the integrity of the system against physical damage. As a minimum, red
concrete slabs shall be laid midway between the pipe and grade, and markers
indicating the location of the buried pipe shall be installed at intervals not exceeding
30 m.

This document is the property of Jubail Export Refinery and no parts of this document shall be reproduced by any
means without prior approval by the Company.

Page 6 of 12

Jubail Export Refinery


Engineering Standard
JERES-L-610
Rev. 1

Non Metallic Piping and Equipment

10 September
2008

2)

RTR piping if accepted for oily water sewer services as per JERES-S-020, shall be in
accordance with JERMS-L-1034 utilizing epoxy resin with restrained joints as defined
in AWWA C950, and buried. The use of nonmetallic pipe for any hydrocarbon service,
including oily water sewers, is prohibited on offshore structures.

3)

RTR piping, if used for pressure sewer services as defined in JERES-S-020, shall be in
accordance with JERMS-L-1034 utilizing epoxy resin with restrained joints as defined
in AWWA C950 and buried.

4)

RTR (Fiberglass) piping for flue gas blow down system shall be in accordance with
JERMS-L-1034 provided it is buried, and the joints are restrained type as defined in
AWWA C950. The intended service shall conform to the RTR piping manufacturer's
recommended temperature and pressure limits.

RTR piping is approved for use in firewater service. It shall be in accordance with
JERMS-L-1034 with restrained joints as defined in AWWA C950 and buried. Refer
to JERES-B-017 for fire water system design.
RTR piping, if approved to be used for other than firewater and hydrocarbon services
on offshore structures shall be in accordance with JERMS-L-1034 with restrained
joints as defined in AWWA C950.
PVC piping including PVC/UPVC and CPVC, if approved to be used in services
not listed in any other Company Engineering Standards, shall be in accordance with
ASTM D1785, Schedule 80 or SASO SSA/14, Class 5 for pressure service and
ASTM D1785, Schedule 40 or SASO SSA/14, Class 3 for non pressure service.
Refer to JERES-L-005 for pipe sizes limitations.
Plastic pipes, equipments, fittings, and plastic valves that do not have built-in
protection from Ultraviolet (UV) light (exposed to sunlight) shall be shielded by
painting with an exterior-grade, water-based emulsion, or tapewrap with UV resistant
pressure sensitive tape utilizing adhesive that will not affect the plastic material.
The use of metal piping with an internal thermoplastic lining is limited to those
specific services listed by Underwriters Laboratories (UL).
Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) and polybutylene (PB) piping shall not be
used for new installations. These materials may be used for maintenance including
replacement at existing ABS and PB installations.
Asbestos cement piping shall not be used.

This document is the property of Jubail Export Refinery and no parts of this document shall be reproduced by any
means without prior approval by the Company.

Page 7 of 12

Jubail Export Refinery


Engineering Standard
JERES-L-610
Rev. 1

Non Metallic Piping and Equipment

10 September
2008

Equipment in RTR or any other non metallic construction material must be limited in
temperature in order to comply with the maximum allowable pressure as describe in
the ASME X.
Design
Allowable pressure/temperature ratings for RTR piping shall be in accordance with
JERMS-L-1034 and JERMS-L-1029.
Threaded flanges shall not be used on non-metallic piping systems.
Lap joint flanges may be used if one piece construction flanges are not available
within the industry at the specified nominal pipe sizes. Prior approval from the
Company Representative is required.
For RTR piping system, pre-qualified jointing procedures and methods in accordance
with JERMS-L-1034, shall be used.
Threaded joints and unions may be used for thermoplastic piping except PVC pipes,
(see UPC Section 606.2.2) 15 mm through 50 mm nominal pipe sizes only, provided
they are factory made. Prior approval from the Company Representative is required
for the use of factory made threaded joints and unions of larger nominal pipe sizes
and alternate material types.
Branch connections to threaded metallic piping may only be used for RTR pipe up to
and including 75 mm nominal pipe size, provided they are factory made.
Flexibility requirements of non-metallic piping system shall be as follows:
a)

Flexibility, support and anchoring requirements shall be in accordance with


ASME B31.3 Chapter VII. This requirement also applies to off-plot
applications.

b)

Flexibility, if required, shall be provided by using bends, loops, offsets, bellows,


expansion joints and slip joints.

c)

Cold spring is not permitted in non-metallic piping systems.

Vessels shall be designed for future field hydrostatic testing with water to the
maximum liquid level or the overflow, in its operating position. The additional
thickness provided in excess of thickness required for strength, may be considered as
effective in calculating hydrostatic test stresses only.

This document is the property of Jubail Export Refinery and no parts of this document shall be reproduced by any
means without prior approval by the Company.

Page 8 of 12

Jubail Export Refinery


Engineering Standard
JERES-L-610
Rev. 1

Non Metallic Piping and Equipment

10 September
2008

The maximum deflection of vertical vessels for all loadings, except earthquake, shall
not exceed H/100, or as defined by the fabricator for his specific material, under
normal operating loads, including wind load as specified by the Company Engineer.
(H is the overall vessel height from the base of the support ring to the top of the
vessel.). If required, appropriate supports should be present. Installation and
location should be Company Representative's approved.
Nozzles on equipment should fit the requirements for piping (paragraphs 5.2.3 to
5.2.6 and 5.3). They should have NPS of 2" (50mm) and larger unless approved by
the Company Representative.
Flanges shall not be located within the skirt in order to reduce the chance of leakage
and also to facilitate inspection. If a dissimilar material joint weld must be located
inside the skirt, Company Representative's approval is required. Flanges drilling
holes shall comply with ANSIB16.5 bolt holes to straddle respective centerlines.
Manways shall be provided for all process vessels with diameters larger than 910
mm. Smaller vessels shall have handholes or flanged heads, or both, as specified.
Manway and handhole quantity and locations will be specified by the vendor or on
the Purchasing order. Manways shall have a minimum clear inside diameter of
480mm (19"). Blind flange type clsing device is preferred. The design and use of
quick opening closures shall be approved by the Company Representative. Detailed
drawings and calculations, including safety devices, shall be submitted for approval.
Additional Requirements
Flanged joints shall have the following requirements:
a)

Flanged joints on non-metallic piping system shall be made with flat face
flanges and full-faced elastomeric gaskets.

b)

Flanges shall have pressure rating equal to or greater than the non-metallic
piping pressure rating.

c)

Bolt tightening procedures and maximum torque for bolting on non-metallic


flanges shall be in accordance with ASTM D4024.

d)

Washers shall be used for bolting non-metallic flanges.

Transition from non-metallic to metallic piping shall be done in a manner that the
weight of metallic piping shall not be transferred to non-metallic piping (PVC female
threaded fittings are prohibited by UPC Section 6.2.2), and flexibility requirements
shall be taken into account separately for both piping materials.

This document is the property of Jubail Export Refinery and no parts of this document shall be reproduced by any
means without prior approval by the Company.

Page 9 of 12

Jubail Export Refinery


Engineering Standard
JERES-L-610
Rev. 1

Non Metallic Piping and Equipment

10 September
2008

Transition from non-metallic to metallic piping in firewater and oily water sewer
services shall be made underground or in a buried valve box.
In pressurized systems, connections to metal valves, larger than 50 mm nominal pipe
sizes, shall be by means of flanges.
Non-buried metal valves including metal valves in buried valve boxes, shall be
supported independently of non-metallic piping. In buried condition, metal valves 4
inch in size and larger shall be supported independently of non-metallic piping.
Non-metallic pipe shall be carried through a metallic sleeve in a valve box wall.
Non-metallic sleeve is acceptable provided the sleeve shall have mechanical
characteristics and properties at least similar to that of the pipe passing through the
sleeve. The space between the pipe and sleeve shall be sealed with approved flexible
waterproof mastic sealant.
The distance between the valve box wall and the back of the non-metallic flange,
inside the valve box, shall be not less than 150 mm to permit work access.
Non-metallic piping in water systems, covered within the scope of JERES-S-040,
shall conform to the requirements of JERES-S-040 for aboveground applications.
Non-metallic piping shall not be used aboveground outside buildings for firewater
and fire extinguishing systems; neither shall it be used for firewater services on
offshore structures. Refer to JERES-S-050 for non-metallic piping in fire water
systems inside buildings, and JERES-B-017 for fire water system design.
Non-metallic piping joints shall be clear of concrete anchor blocks. Thrust block
requirements on non-metallic pipe shall be in accordance with JERES-S-070.
Refer to JERES-L-132 for the requirements and limitations regarding chemical,
mechanical and dimensional properties including maximum allowable flow velocities
in non-metallic piping systems.

Installation, Testing and Inspection


Piping:
This Standard adopts the requirements of JERES-S-070, "Installation of Utility
Piping Systems."
Installation (including joint make-up) shall be in accordance with Manufacturer's
specification.

This document is the property of Jubail Export Refinery and no parts of this document shall be reproduced by any
means without prior approval by the Company.

Page 10 of 12

Jubail Export Refinery


Engineering Standard
JERES-L-610
Rev. 1

Non Metallic Piping and Equipment

10 September
2008

Plastic spacers are permitted between plastic-lined pipe and other types of flanged
equipment in non-flammable or non-combustible service. Spacers longer than 13mm
shall be armored. Spacer locations shall be indicated on As-Built drawings.
Polyethylene piping shall be joined by heat fusion welding only. Flanges shall be
used, as required, to connect dissimilar systems. Refer to paragraph 5.3.1.
Mechanical joints that incorporate O-ring seals are acceptable for RTR piping. Bell
and spigot joints using elastomeric seals are acceptable for underground RTR pipe.
Inspection of thermoplastic and thermoplastic-lined pipe and fittings shall be per
ASTM F 1545
RTR pipe shall be inspected and tested per AWWA C950
After installation, plastic piping shall not be hydrostatically tested until all fusion
joints have cooled to ambient temperature and all solvent cemented joints or adhesive
bonded joints have fully cured.
Equipment:
Vessels shall be install on continuous concrete base. The vessel should shall rest on
a 12mm thick neoprene pad.
Horizontal drums on saddle supports shall be investigated for buckling, local
circumferential bending, and shear stresses.

Documentation
Designer will supply temperature, pressure and fluid service conditions.

This document is the property of Jubail Export Refinery and no parts of this document shall be reproduced by any
means without prior approval by the Company.

Page 11 of 12

Jubail Export Refinery


Engineering Standard
JERES-L-610
Rev. 1

Non Metallic Piping and Equipment

10 September
2008

Appendix A:
Table 1: Temperature Limits for Plastic Pipe

Material
PP
PVDC
PTFE
FEP

Temperature Limitation(1)
Minimum
Maximum(2)
[F]
[C]
[F]
[C]
30
1
210
99
40
5
160
71
20
29
500
260
20
29
300
149

(Polypropylene)
(Polyvinylidene Chloride)
(Polytetrafluoroethylene)
(Perfluoro (Ethylene-Propylene)
(Copolymer)
ETFE
(Ethylene-tetrafluoroethylene)
20
29
300
149
PFA
(Perfluoroalkoxy)
20
29
500
260
PVDF
(Polyvinylidene Fluoride)
0
18
275
135
Notes to Table 1:
(1) For exposure to corrosive environments, the recommendation of the pipe
manufacturer shall be submitted for review by the Company Representative.
(2) Values represent maximum design temperature of contained fluid.

This document is the property of Jubail Export Refinery and no parts of this document shall be reproduced by any
means without prior approval by the Company.

Page 12 of 12