Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 13

Internet in school or sad story about how students of

NIS in Almaty spend their breake time


Authenticity statement:
I, Aiyazhan Zhunissova, declare that this work is my own original research and writing and that
all original sources used are credited.
Signature__________________________
Date______________________________

Aiyazhan Zhunissova
Teachers: Augustine Boyle, Aigerim Shakanova
Global Perspectives & Project Work
Nazarbayev Intellectual School of Math & Physics
Almaty City, Kazakhstan
2015

Introduction
The Internet is a knife which has two different sides - positive and negative effects. It can be a
good thing and a weapon or tool that can cause harm.
According to Pew Research Centers results from survey(2011) among 150 college students,
65% of them use internet during the lessons for non-educational purposes.Dr. Michael W. Kirst
professor of Stanford University claimed (2014) that the constant distraction from the internet
through social media and websites, such as YouTube and many others, were playing havoc with
their ability to concentrate for long periods of time. The actuality of the problem is that,
subsequently of this, the students understand the lesson worse and they may fall assessments.
In digital world for students Internet is the main tool for communication and learning. It
accompanies pupils everywhere, at home, in malls and in school. A vast repository of
knowledge and records the Internet has made it a key in the process of education.
As has been said everything has both sides. The positive aspects of using the Internet at school,
is that it can serve as an important tool in gaining knowledge. In this way associate professor,
Balakrishnan Muniandyof the University Sains Malaysia defines several functions of the Internet
in education: storage of data, communication without limits, online interactive learning,
electronic/online research, development in the new world, enhance enthusiasm for learning,
worldwide education, and information catalogues.
On the other hand it have negative side. For instance, Google may deprives the ability to analyze
and memorize the information. This idea was expressed by professor of British University in
Brighton, saying that Google is - "White bread for young minds". Or whether the internet does
not distract from the study. After all, it is a great resource not only knowledge, it is also a means
of communication and entertainment.
This research will examine the problem of the influence of the Internet on students of NIS as a
means of distracting from the lessons, as well as the opinions of teachers on the subject.

Aims and Methods


The purpose of this paper is to determine impact of the internet on students, during the lessons.
Identify how students of NIS in Almaty use internet for educational purposes and whether free
access distract from lessons.
In this research used primary and secondary research method for collecting information about
using the internet by students for educational purposes. Primary method includes survey which
was conducted among disciples of Nazarbaev Intellectual School in Almaty. During the survey
students responded 5 questions about how they are use the internet and their own opinion
concerning role of the internet in their educational life. This method helped to answer the main
question, as it identifies students point of view directly. The survey done by Survey.com. All
credible articles, results and analyses of surveys which was conducted by Center of Teaching
Development and National Association of Secondary School Principals are second research data
that I found from the credible sites and journals. This method has helped get information and
know more about main theme of research.

Context
Internet appeared in Kazakhstan in 1994. But the number of users has been small. According to
the JSC "KazContent" by 2000 year audience members grew from 70,000 to 9,400,000.
With increasing importance of internet and it is widely distributed, in 2005, the Ministry of the
Republic of Kazakhstan decided to integrate the Internet into schools of the goverment. Thus, by
2011, 98% of all schools in the country have access to the Internet. But only 37% of them have
access to broadband Internet. (Zakon.kz) An example of this can serve as system Nazarbayev
Intellectual Schools aim is to train the next generation of the country. These schools are equipped
with the latest technology, all schools have Wi-fi, which gives ample opportunity to connect to
the Internet anywhere on territory of school.
Perspectives
Internet in classroom: such a tool of learning and teaching

In the words of Daniel S. Warren ph.d of Princeton University: Basically, the Internet offers two
main benefits: communication and information (Warren et al., 1998). As was mentioned,
Nazarbaev Intellectual School in Almaty is fully equipped internet and actively uses its
capabilities during lessons. As www.studyguide.org represents, most important advantage of
using the Internet is that it is the main and most effective means of information retrieval. "During
the lessons, students independently seek their desired material that develops students 'selfeducation' and contributes to the effective understanding and retention of information. The
teacher is there to playing the role of "guide" - is the main policy of the school. During the
survey, which was conducted (2009) among 150 California high schools Learning is much
more independent from the teacher says teacher of California high schools. According to
studies student, use of internet for educational purposes positively affects student outcomes such
as self-reported gains in general education as well as personal and intellectual development
(; Kuh & Hu, 2001; Kuh & Vesper, 2001). On the other hand, Betsy Sparrow, Jenny Liu, Daniel
M. Wegner told in his report about the negative impact of Google on the brain. According to their
repeated use of the Internet as a subject search for information adversely affects the attention and
promotes of development of an Internet addiction, just a teenager. Here comes "guide", which
defines the boundary of dependence and accompanies students.
Moreover, online tools such as Kahoot, Twig, Google Drive can be used online to increase
student interest in the subject and a medium of exchange and information sharing. For example,
"during the lesson of mathematics we use Kahoot, all students enthusiastically and with interest
to fulfill it." - says the teacher of mathematics of NIS Olzhas Khairbekov.(2015.02)
All of this evidences demonstrate that the internet in classrooms is effective tool which helps
teaching and understanding the material.

Students relax with internet


Second perspective of this research is the negative impact of the Internet on the students during
the lessons. According to the survey results conducted by Center for Teaching Development in
schools in Denmark ( 2014), 65% of respondents answered that they would like to see the
teacher may want to disable the Internet. Since this is reflected badly on them during learning.
They said that otherwise they can not concentrate " - says professor of Aarhus Universitet Helle
Mathiasen who conducted the survey. As one student expressed it:" You can have a brief
conversation on Facebook during a math class and when you look up again the blackboard is
covered with symbols and numbers - and you have no idea what's happened". Most of them
confessed that justify using the internet by the fact that they are tired and they need a relax from
lessons . Sometimes this" rest " becomes a mania, flipping, check without any reason - just to see
something new in someones page. Other resource says same thing: long hours spent on facebook
seem to decrease students' academic performance (Schulten, 2009). In this case internet is use
by students for entertainment purposes. But it may distract and disturb from the lessons as it
shown in evidence. Students are paying more attention towards social networking activities
rather than utilizing their time for their studies and this might affect their academic performance
adversely (Ahmed and Qazi, 2011).
Of course, not everyone uses social networks during lesson. But when it comes time for
breake, you can often see one or the other disciple is just sitting on the ottoman or on the couch
buried in his smartphone. Here they look serials, videos, play online games, share experiences in
Instagram or vkontakte. It certainly helps a little to distract from the lesson, relax and have fun.
But the problem lies in this, the students began to relax in the Internet, forgetting about the real
fun.
Also, professor Helle Mathiasen argues that internet may well be used by students, but they
should be aware of face. She says that all effect of internet on education and on their life depends
on the student.

Results

The survey which was conducted from 10.02.15 to 25.02.15 have one hundred answers from
students of NIS in Almaty. 83% of responders of this survey are teenagers. 51% of students use
internet about 4 hours per day. Other 28% spend more than five hours on the internet and only
21% use the Internet daily for 2 hours. On the fourth question half of the students responded that
they use the Internet for educational purposes, that is looking for information about homework,
or solve problems. 40% of students use social networks, and only 6% of playing online games.
The importance of the Internet in their lives has confirmed only 30 students, and 50% are neutral
in this matter. 15 students responded that the Internet is not an important attribute in their
educational life. Google and Wikipedia took first place in the use of students, 80% of students
use these tools only. Almost equally shared users Google Scholar and Google Developer with
YouTube and Skype, 28% and 25%. Finally, at the main issue is not whether the Internet hinders
learning 22% answered yes, 62% said they sometimes distracts from the Internet and 16% of the
study confirmed that it does not distract or interfere with their studies.
The survey confirmed, that the use of the internet during lessons distracts from the learning
process, 84% of the students think the same way. At the same time it turned out that it also is the
main tool which helps in learning.

Conclusion

The main objective of this work was to identify how students of NIS school use internet in
school and during lessons. During work were found and analyzed articles about the
topic,

a survey was conducted. Finally, this research showed that the Internet today is very

helpful in education and can serve as an excellent means of teaching in the school. But it also
proved that the students while using the Internet distracted from their studies that the
unfavorable impact on their understanding of the subject and their achievements.
This suggests that students should be cautious and careful in the use of the Internet, and during
breaks plenty of rest from it. I think that in the future the Internet will become an integral part of
each area and it is important to explain to each student about its right consumptions.

References

1. M.Hemenway. (2000, April). What effect does classroom use of the Internet
have on the teacher-student relationship? Retrieved from
http://lrs.ed.uiuc.edu/students/jwbates/Internetonteacher.htm
2. Thomas F. Nelson Laird. (2004, August). Surfin' with a Purpose: Examining
How Spending Time Online is Related to Student Engagement. Retrieved
from
http://nsse.iub.edu/pdf/students_affairs_online.pdf
3. S.Rouis, M.Limayem, E. Salehi-Sangari. (2011). Impact of Facebook Usage
on students Academic achievement: roles of self-regulation and trust.
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, 965-967. Retrieved
from
http://www.investigacionpsicopedagogica.org/revista/articulos/25/english/Art_25_620.pdf
4.Bernard R. McCoy. Ph.d. (2013). Digital distractions in a classroom. The
Journal of Media Education, 4, 4-5.
Retrieved from
http://en.calameo.com/read/000091789af53ca4e647f
5. Michael W. Kirst (2014, 10). Students : Stop Procrastinating! Block the
Internet
Retrieved from
http://collegepuzzle.stanford.edu/?p=4327
6. A.HASHMI. (2011). Effects of internet usage on students.
Retrieved from
http://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2011/11/30/comment/editors-mail/effectsof-internet-usage-on-students/

7.O. Ogundijo . (2014). Use of Social Networking among Secondary


SchoolStudents: Implications for Academic Performance.
Scientific Research Journal (SCIRJ), II, 17-20.
Retrieved from
https://www.academia.edu/7764851/Use_of_Social_Networking_among_Seco
ndary_School_Students_Implications_for_Academic_Performance
8. N.Ebdrup, M. Laine. (2014) High school students say internet is bad for
Education. Educational Journal Science Nordic, 3, 13-14.
9. Kim, Soohyun, "E Effects of Internet Use on Academic Achievement and
Behavioral Adjustment among South Korean Adolescents: Mediating and
Moderating Roles of Parental Factors" (2011). Child and Family Studies
Dissertations,62
Retrieved from
http://surface.syr.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1061&context=cfs_etd
10. B. Muniandy. (2010) Academic Use of Internet among Undergraduate
Students: A Preliminary Case Study in a Malaysian University. International
Journal of Cyber Society and Education, 3, 171-178.
11. M.Elly. (2008) White bread for young minds, says university professor.
Retrieved from
https://login.thetimes.co.uk/?gotoUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.thetimes.co.uk
%2Ftto%2Ftechnology%2Finternet%2F

Appendices