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M

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OI.CJOSHI
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(IVTHEDITION)

CHOOSETHECORRECTANSWERONLY

ALLPRINTSSHOULDBETAKENINLEGALSIZEONLYORCHANGEPRINTINGSETTINGTOA4SIZE
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1.ATMOSPHERE

001)Lowestlayerofatmosphereis
a)Troposphere
b)Tropopause
c)Stratosphere

002)HeightofTropopauseatequatoris
a)1012km
b)16-18km
c)1214km

003)HeightofTropopauseatPolesis
a)1214km
b)1213km
c)08-10km

004)Higherthesurfacetemperature..wouldbethetropopause
a)Higher
b)Lower
c)Same

005)Heightoftropopause..
a)Isconstant
b)Varieswithaltitude
C)VarieswithLatitude

006)Above8kmthelowertemperaturesareover
a)Equator
b)MidLatitudes
c)Poles

007)Atmosphereisheatedby
a)SolarRadiation
b)Heatfromearthsurface
c)Fromabove

008)Troposmeans.
a)Turning
b)Undercurrent
c)Convection

009)CO2andH2Oarealsocalled..
a)GreenHouseGases
b)RareEarthGases

010)Troposphereisgenerally
a)Stable
b)Unstable
c)Neutral

011)Stratosphereis
a)Unstable
b)Neutral
c)Stable

012)Tropopauseisdiscontinuousatabout
a)30lat
b)40Iat
c)60lat

013)Mostofatmosphericmassiscontainedin...
a) Troposphere
b) Stratosphere
c) Heterosphere

014)StratosphereextendsfromTropopauseto
a) 50km
b) 60km
c) 40km

015)Themiddleatmospherelayercharacterisedbytemperatureinversionandstability...
a) Troposphere
b) Tropopause
c) Stratosphere

016)Motherofpearlcloudsoccurin.
a) Mesosphere
b) Thermosphere
c) Stratosphere

017)ThetemperatureinISAat17kmis..
a) -56.5C
b) 65.5C
c) 35.5C

018)Byweight,approximateratioofO2toN2intheatmosphereis
a) 1:3
b) 1:4
c) 1:5

019)Byvolume,theapproximateratioofO2toN2intheatmosphereis
a) 1:3
b) 1:4
c) 1:5

020)Byvolume,theproportionCO2intheatmosphereis
a) 3%
b) 0.3%
c) 0.03%

021)InISA,themeansealeveltemperatureis
a) 15C
b) 10C
c) 25C

022)Maximumconcentrationofozoneisataheightof.
a) 1015km
b) 20-25km
c) 3035km

023)Additionaloxygenisneededwhileflyingabove
a) 5000ft
b) 7000ft
c) 10000ft

024)CO2andH2Okeeptheatmosphere
a) Warm
b) Cold
c) Havenoeffect

025)Noctilucentcloudsoccurin
a) Thermosphere
b) Mesosphere
c) Stratosphere

026)Temperatureat2kmis05CwhatisISAdeviation.Hint:(ActualISA)
a) -05C
b) 02C
c) -03C

027)PressureatMSLis1002.25hPa.FindtheISAdeviation.Hint:(ActualISA)
a) -11hPa
b) 10hPa
c) 12hPa

028)Inactualatmospheretemp,at19kmis60C.HowmuchitdiffersfromISAdeviation?
a) -4.5C
b) 05.5C
c) -03.5C

029)Nacreouscloudsoccurin
a) Thermosphere
b) Mesosphere
c) UpperStratosphere

030)Theatmosphereupto80kmhasanearlysimilarcompositionandiscalledtheHomosphere.Itsuniform
compositionisdueto.
a) Pressure
b) Gravitationofearth
c) MixingduetoTurbulence

031)Halfoftheatmosphere,airmassiscontained.below
a) 20,000ft
b) 15,000ft
c) 10,000ft

032)InjetstandardatmospheretheLapserateis
a) 2C/1000ft
b) 2C/km
c) 5C/km

033)Therateoffalloftemperatureswithheight,called
a) Isothermalrate
b) Inversionrate
c) Lapserate

034)Inactualatmospherethelapseratecould
a) assumeanyvalue
b) fallupto8km
c) riseupto50km

035)TropicalTropopauseextendsfromtheequatortolat3545.overIndiaitisat
a) 2021km
b) 1415km
c) 16-16.5km

036)Lapserateinthetroposphereisproduceby.andinthestratosphereby..
a)
b)
c)
d)

evaporationcondensation
Risingairsolarradiation
terrestrialradiationsolarradiationconvection
solarradiationconvection

037)Mostofthewatervapourintheatmosphereisconfineupto
a)
b)
c)
d)

Stratosphere
30,000ft
midtroposphere
lowertroposphere

038)Negativelapserateoftemperatureis
a)
b)
c)
d)

Isothermalrate
temperaturerisewithloweringheight
temperaturerise with increase inheight (INVERSION)
temperaturefallwithheight

039)InICAOISAtheatmosphereisassumedtobeisothermal
a)
b)
c)
d)

Instratosphere
11to16km
11to20km
11to32km

040)OneoftheCharacteristicsofouratmosphereis
a)
b)
c)
d)

poorconductorofheatandelectricity
equatoriswarmerthanpolesabove10km
lapserateinthestratosphereispositive
densityisconstantabove8km

041)Heattransferintheatmosphereismaximumdueto
a)
b)
c)
d)

convection
radiation
sensibleheat
latentheat

042)Theknowledgeoftheheightoftropopauseisimportantforapilotbecause
a) weatherismainlyconfineduptothislevel.
b) cloudsrarelyreachuptothisheightduetojetstreams.
c) stratospherestartatthisheightwhereallsolarradiationareabsorbed.

043)InISAatmospherethetropopauseoccursataheightof
a) 810km
b) 11km
c) 1618km

044)LapserateinthetroposphereisduetoandistheStratosphereisdueto..
a)
b)
c)
d)

Conduction,convection
terrestrialradiation,solarradiation
Risingair,solarradiation
Watervapour,Ozone.

045)Thereisreversaloftemperatureintheatmosphereat8kmbecause
a)
b)
c)
d)

Laserateatpolesisalwayshigherthanatequator
Lapserateatequatorisalwayshigherthanatpoles
Lapserateatequatorisalwayshigherthanatpoles
Lapseratereversesatpolesandbecomesnegative

2.ATMOSPHERICPRESSURE
046)Windsinalowpressure
a) Converge
b) Diverge
c) Gostraight

047)Lowpressureisassociatedwith
a) GoodWeather
b) BadWeather
c) None

048)Inahighpressureareawindsare
a) Normal
b) Strong
c) Weak

049)FlyingfromLowtoHighanaltimeterwouldread
a) Over
b) Under
c) constant

050)Isallobarsarelinesofequal
a) Pressure
b) TemperatureTendency
c) PressureTendency

051)Whatkindofabarometerisanaltimeter?
a) Aneroid
b) Mercury
c) Alcohol

052)AregionbetweentwoLowsandTwoHighsis
a) Depression
b) SecondaryLow
c) Col

053)Badweatherandbettervisibilityisassociatewith
a) High
b) Low
c) Col

054)Therelationshipbetweenheightandpressureismadeuseinconstructionof
a) Altimeter
b) ASI
c) VSI

055)Altimeteralwaysmeasuretheheightofaircraftabove
a) MSL
b) datumlevelof1013.2hPa
c) datumlevelatwhichitssub-scaleisset

056)Twoaircraftflyingatthesameindicatedaltitudewiththeiraltimetersetto1013.2hPa.Oneisflyingovercold
airmassandotheroverwarmairmass.Whichofthetwohasgreateraltitude?
a) Acflyingoverwarmairmass
b) Acflyingovercoldairmass

057)Therateoffallofpressurewithheightinawarmairmasscomparedtocoldairmasswillbe
a) Same
b) More
c) Less

058)Anincreaseof1000ftatmslisassociatedwithdecreaseofpressureof
a)
b)
c)
d)

100hPa
1000hPa
3hPa
33hPa

059)Linesdrawnthroughplacesofequalpressureareknownas
a)
b)
c)
d)

Isobars
Isotherms
Isogonal
Isoclinal

060)Whichistrue
a) Troughhasfrontalcharacteristics
b) AttroughwindsbackinN-hemisphere
c) AttroughwindsveerinNhemisphere

061)SemiDiurnalpressurechangesaremostpronouncedin
a) Polarregion
b) Middlelatitudes
c) Tropics

062)FlyingfromDelhitoCalcuttaatconstantindicatedaltitudebut,experiencingadrifttoStarboard.The
actualaltitudewillbe(Visavis)indicatedaltitude
a) Lower
b) Same
c) Higher

063)IntheSouthernHemisphere,aroundaLowPressureAreawindblows
a) Inclockwisedirection
b) Inanticlockwisedirection
c) Acrossisobarstowardsthecentre

064)Altimeterofa/congroundreadsaerodromeelevation,itssubscaleissetto
a)
b)
c)
d)

QNH
QNE
QFF
QFE

065)Instrumentforrecordingpressureiscalled
a) Anemograph
b) Barometer
c) Hygrograph

066)Poorvisibilityisassociatedwith
a) High
b) Low
c) Col

067)Oneitherside,perpendiculartothe..pressuresrise
a) Trough
b) Ridge
c) Low

068)Fallofpressurewithheightismorerapidin
a) Coldareas
b) Warmareas
c) Humidareas

069)300hPainISAcorrespondstothelevel
a) 20,000ft
b) 30,000ft
c) 35,000ft

070)18,000ftheightinISAcorrespondstolevel
a) 700hPa
b) 200hPa
c) 500hPa

080)200hPainISAcorrespondstothelevel
a) 20,000ft
b) 30,000ft
c) 40,000ft

081)24,000ftheightinISAcorrespondstolevel
a) 400hPa
b) 500hPa
c) 300hPa

082)700hPainISAcorrespondstothelevel
a) 20,000ft
b) 10,000ft
c) 18,000ft

083)40,000ftheightinISAcorrespondstolevel
a) 400hPa
b) 500hPa
c) 200hPa

084)850hPainISAcorrespondstothelevel
a) 7,000ft
b) 5,000ft
c) 10,000ft
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085)Atmosphericpressureisdueto
a)
b)
c)
d)

wind
temperature
gravity
density

086)Anaircraftisgainingaltitude,inspiteofaltimeterreadingconstantaltitude.why?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Standardpressurehasrisen
FlyingtowardsHigh
FlyingTowardsLow
Temperaturehasdecreased

087)Acontourof9160mcanbeexpectedonaconstantpressurechartforpressurelevel
a)
b)
c)
d)

500hpa
400hpa
300hpa
200hpa

088)Incontourchartof300hpa,isohypse(contours)aredrawnatintervalof
a)
b)
c)
d)

20gpm
40gpm
60gpm
80gpm

089)Inconstantpressurechartof500hpa,isohypsearedrawnatintervalof
a)
b)
c)
d)

20gpm
40gpm
60gpm
80gpm

090)QNHofanaerodrome160mAMSLis1005hpa.QFE?(Assuming1hpa=8m)
a)
b)
c)
d)

1010hpa
975hpa
1005hpa
990hpa

091)SteepPressuregradientwouldmean
a)
b)
c)
d)

Contoursfarapartandweakwind
Contoursfarapartandstrongwind
Isobarsfarapartandtemperaturelow
Isobarscloselypackedandstrongwind

092)Whattypeofinversionoccurswhenastablelayerliesinahighpressurearea
a)
b)
c)
d)

Negative
Radiation
Subsidence
Airmass

093)Whichofthefollowingwouldcausetruealtitudetoincreasewhenaltimeterindicatesconstantaltitude
a)
b)
c)
d)

Warm/Low
Cold/Low
Hot/High
Cool/Low

10

094)Themovementofwindinrelationtoacycloneis
a)
b)
c)
d)

Descendingandsubsiding
Ascendingandconverging
Descendingandcooling
Ascendinganddiverging

095)Anaerodromeisatthemeansealevel.ItsQNHis1014.0hpa.ItsQFFwillbe
a)
b)
c)
d)

1014.0hpa
1013.25hpa
Difficulttotell
MorethanQNH

3.TEMPERATURE

096)Diurnalvariationoftemperatureisgreatestwhenwindis
a) calm
b) light
c) strong

097)Diurnalvariationoftemperatureismaximumover
a) forest
b) ocean
c) land

098)Onacleardaytheamountofsolarradiationreceivedbyearthsurfaceis
a) 3/4th
b) 30%
c) 5/6th

099)ALBEDOis
a) Radiationreceivedbyearth
b) Amountofheat
c) Reflectingpowerofearth

100)DuringDaytheambienttemperatureis...thanground
a) Lower
b) Higher
c) Same

101)Diurnalvariationoftemperatureoveroceanis...
a) Morethanland
b) Above3C
c) Lessthan1C

102)Atacoaststationthediurnalvariationoftemperature,dependson..
a) Winddirection
b) Windspeed
c) Radiation

11

103)Snowsurfacereflectsabout%ofsolarradiation.
a) 75%
b) 80%
c) 90%

104)AmountofSolarradiationreceivedperunitareais.....
a) Insolation
b) Convection
c) Radiation

105)Solarradiationreceivedbytheearthis.....
a) LongWave
b) Albedo
c) Shortwave

106)Riseintemperatureofasurfaceisproportionaltoitsspecificheat
a) Directly
b) Indirectly

107)Specificheatoflandisthanthatofwater
a) Lower
b) Same
c) Higher

108)Minimumtemperatureisreachedat...
a) sunrise
b) midnight
c) 1/2-1hourafterdawn

109)Anairparcelisliftedtillitgetssaturated.Thetemperatureattainedbyitiscalled
a) Potentialtemperature
b) DewPoint
c) Wetbulb

110)Cloudynightsare...
a) cold
b) normal
c) warm

111)Watervapouristransparenttoterrestrialradiation
a) completely
b) partially
c) indifferent

112)Higherthetemperature.wouldbethewavelengthofemittedradiation
a) longer
b) shorter

113)Airisabadconductorofheat.Aparcelofaircanthereforeberegardedasinsulatedfromtheenvironment
a) False
b) True

12

114)Warmertheearth..willbetheNocturnalradiation
a) intense
b) weaker
c) moderate

115)Heatisthe..oftheKEofallmoleculesandatomsofasubstance
a) sumtotal
b) average

116)Thesolarradiationconsistsofabout46%
a) UV
b) IR
c) Visible

117)Thetotalenergyradiatedbyablackbodyisproportionaltoitstemperature(T)
a) T
b) T3
c) T4

118)Intenseradiationareemittedby
a) Hotbodies
b) Coldbodies
c) Stars

119)Thewavelengthofmostintenseradiationisinverselyproportionaltoits.....
a) Absolutetemperature
b) Humidity
c) Albedo

120)Hotbodies(likesun)radiate
a) ShortWaves
b) LongWaves
c) Both

121)Theflowofheatfromearthsurfaceis77%by
a) SensibleHeat
b) LatentHeat

122)40C= 40F
a) True
b) False

123)SurfaceTemperatureisrecordedataheightof..aboveground
a) 1.5m
b) 1.25m
c) 2m

124)ThedoorofStevenson'sscreenshouldopen
a) oppositetosun
b) intosun
c) anydirection

13

125)TheliquidusedinMinimumThermometeris
a) mercury
b) alcohol
c) sprit

126)Freezingpointofwateris
a)
b)
c)
d)

0F
12F
22F
32F

127)Boilingpointofwateris
a)
b)
c)
d)

100F
112F
212F
312F

128)Freezingpointofwateris
a)
b)
c)
d)

173K
273K
373K
473K

129)Boilingpointofwateris
a)
b)
c)
d)

373K
273K
173K
312K

130)Convert68FintoKelvintemperature
a)
b)
c)
d)

233K
283K
294K
293K

131)Diurnalvariationoftemperatureisleastonadaywhenitis
a)
b)
c)
d)

Clear
Partlycloudy
Cloudy
Overcast

132)Aclearandcalmnightiscoolerthanacloudynight,becausenocturnalradiation
a)
b)
c)
d)

escapethroughcloud
arepartlyradiatedbackbycloudstoearth
arefullyabsorbedbyHO
arefullypreventedbycloudstoescape

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4.AIRDENSITY
133)Densityis..

atpolesthanequator

a) Higher
b) Lower
c) Same

134)Above8kmdensityis..

atpolesthanatequator

a) Higher
b) Lower
c) Same

135)ThealtitudeinISAatwhichairdensityisthesameastheobserveddensityiscalled
a) DensityAltitude
b) ISADensity
c) RealDensity

136)Densityisusuallyexpressedas
a) Kg/sqm
b) g/cum
c) N/sqm

137)Higherdensityaltitudemeans..

density

a) Higher
b) Lower
c) Same

138)Forgivenpressureandtemperaturemoistairhasdensity
a) Higher
b) Lower
c) Same

139)Airislessdenserin
a)
b)
c)
d)

HighAltitudes
WarmAir
Highhumidity
Allthese

140)Densityaltitudemaybedefinedas:
a) Thealtitudeinastandardatmosphereatwhichtheprevailingpressureoccurs.
b) Thealtitudeinastandardatmosphereatwhichtheprevailingdensityoccurs.
c) Surfaceofconstantatmosphericpressurerelatedtostandardatmosphereof1013.2hPa

141)Ifpressureincreasesthedensityaltitude
a) Increases
b) Lowers
c) Remainsthesame

142)Forevery1Cchangeintemperature,densityaltitudediffersby
a)
b)
c)
d)

33ft
100ft
120ft
210ft

15

5.HUMIDITY

142)Theratioin%betweentheamountofwatervapourpresentintheairtotheamountofwatervapourthatitcan
holdatthesametemperatureis
a) Humidity
b) Relativehumidity
c) Dewpoint

143)Thetemperaturetowhichairbecooledatconstantpressuretobecomesaturated,iscalled
a)
b)
c)
d)

Wetbulbtemperature
Drybulbtemperature
Dewpoint
Humidity

144)Freeairtemperature,WetbulbtemperatureandDewpointtemperatureareequalwhen
a) Airtemperatureis0C
b) Relativehumidityis100%
c) Airtemperatureisnotbelow0C

145)Onarainydaycomparedtosunnydaythelengthofrunwayrequiredis
a) More
b) Less
c) Same

146)Thespread(difference)betweenFreeairtemperatureandDewpointtemperatureis....whenairissaturated
a) Large
b) Least
c) Same

147)Thesaturationvapourpressureoverwateristhantheice
a) More
b) Less
c) Same

147)Asthetemperatureoftheairincreases,theamountofwatervapourrequiredtosaturateit..
a) decreases
b) increases
c) remainssame

148)Theactualamountofwatervapourcontainedinagivenvolumeofairatagiventemperatureistermedas...
a) RelativeHumidity
b) SpecificHumidity
c) AbsoluteHumidity

149)HumidityMixingRatiowhenairisliftedadiabatically
a) decreases
b) remainsconstant
c) increases

150)Itisthelowesttemperaturewhichairwouldattainbyevaporatingwaterintoittosaturateit.
a) Wetbulbtemp
b) Drybulbtemp
c) Dewpoint
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6.WIND

151)InShemisphereifanobserverfaceswind,lowwillbetohis
a) Right
b) Left

152)InNhemisphereduetorotationofearthwindsaredeflectedto
a) Left
b) Right

153)LocalWindsfollowBuysBallot'slaw
a) False
b) True

154)CoriolisforceactsperpendiculartotheofwinddirectioninNhemisphere
a) Left
b) Right

155)Geostrophicwindisduetothebalancebetweentheforces.
a) CoriolisandFriction
b) PressuregradientandCyclostrophic
c) PressuregradientandCoriolis

156)Coriolisforceisstrongestat..
a) Midlatitudes
b) Poles
c) Equator

157)Geostrophicrulebreaksdownat.
a) Midlatitudes
b) Poles
c) Equator

158)Fohnwindsare..ontheLeewardsideofamountain,
a) Dry&Warm
b) Cold&Humid

159)Thewindslidingdownahillduringnightiscalled.. wind.
a) Fohn
b) Anabatic
c) Katabatic

160)Withtheonsetofseabreezethereisa.

intemperatureand.inRH.

a) Fall/Rise
b) Rise/Fall
c) Fall/Fall

161)Seabreezesetsinby.anddiesoffat...
a) Night/Day
b) Day/Night
c) BothDayandNight
17

162)IfanaircraftinNhemispherefliesfromHtoLitwillexperience
a) Starboarddrift
b) Portdrift

163)InNHemisphereifyouexperiencePortdrift,altimeterwillread
a) Under
b) Over

164)Linesofconstantwindspeeddrawnonweatherchartsarecalled
a) Isobars
b) Isotachs
c) Isogons

165)Squallaredistinguishedfromgustsby:
a) Shorterduration
b) Longerduration
c) Lowerwindspeed

166)Thethermalwindis:
a) Thewindthatblowsbecauseofthermals
b) Thewarmwindthatblowsdownthehillontheleewardside
c) Thewindwhichmustbeaddedvectoriallytothelowerlevelgeostrophicwindtoobtaintheupper
levelgeostrophicwind

167)Onaweathermapwhereisobarsarecloselypacked,thesurfacewindsarelikelytobe
a) Lightandparalleltoisobars
b) Strongandparalleltoisobars
c) Strongandblowingacrosstheisobars

168)Anabaticwindoccurs
a) Atnight
b) Anytimeofdayandnight
c) Duringday

169)Anabaticwindisstrongerthankatabatic
a) True
b) False

170)Katabaticwindisdownslopecoldwindduetonocturnalcooling
a) True
b) False

171)Katabaticwindoccurduetosinkingofairdownthehillslope
a) True
b) False

172)Anabaticwindoccurduetodownwardmovementofairalongvalley
a) True
b) False

18

173)Seabreezeisstrongerthanlandbreeze
a) True
b) False

174)ThewindblowsclockwisearoundlowinaNhemisphere
a) True
b) False

175)ThewindblowsclockwisearoundlowinShemisphere
a) True
b) False

176)ThewindblowsanticlockwisearoundlowinNhemisphere
a) True
b) False

177)ThewindblowsanticlockwisearoundlowinShemisphere
a) True
b) False

178)Theresultantwindthatblowsundertheinfluenceofpressuregradientforce,geostrophicforceand
cyclostrophicforceiscalled
a) Gradientwind
b) Geostrophicwind
c) cyclostrophicwind

179)Duetofriction,fromdaytonightforanisobaricpattern(inNhemisphere)theSurfacewindbacksand
weakens
a) True
b) False
180)ThewindswhichspiralinwardinacounterclockwisedirectionintheNHemisphereareassociatedwith
a) Turbulence
b) Highpressurearea
c) Lowpressurearea
181)Lowerlevelwind05010kt,upperlevelwind23005kt,whatisthethermalwind
a) 05005kt
b) 23015kt
c) 05015kt

182)Achangeinwinddirectionfrom310to020is
a) Backing
b) Veering
183)Achangefrom270to250is
a) Backing
b) Veering
184)Suddenchangeinwindspeedfrom10ktto30ktandthento15ktis
a) Gust
b) Squall
c) gale

19

185)Suddenchangeinwindspeedfrom10ktto30ktfor23minutes
a) Squall
b) Gust

186)AsignificantwindshearcanbeassociatedwithTSorlinesquall
a) False
b) True

187)Cyclostrophicwindgivesagoodapproximationofthe2000'windinanintensetropicalstorm
a) True
b) False

188)Rotorcloudshaveextremelyturbulentflyingconditions
a) False
b) True

189)Frictioncauseswindstoflowcrossisobaricby...

overlandand......oversea

a) 20/10
b) 20/30
c) 40/30

190)IftheSiswarmerthanN,levelbylevel,fromsurfaceuptohigherlevels,thenthe..windwill
strengthenwithheightwithnochangeindirectioninNhemisphere
a)
b)
c)
d)

Ely
Wly
Sly
Nly

191)Gradientwindisofgeostrophicwindinananticyclone
a) Underestimate
b) Accurate
c) Overestimate

192)Galeis
a) persistentstrongwindswithmeanspeed44kt,associatedwiththunderstorm
b) markedincreaseinwindspeedlasingfewminutesassociatedwithCBorDS(duststorm)
c) persistentstrongwindsexceeding33kt,associatedwithdepression

193)InNhemispherethermalwindisparallelto.withlowvaluetoleft
a) Isobars
b) Isotherms
c) Isallobars

194)Theinertialflowis
a) cyclonicinboththeHemispheres
b) anticyclonicinboththeHemispheres
c) anticyclonicaroundananticyclone

195)Upperlevelwindis24025kt,lowerlevelwindis16015kt,thethermalwindis?
a) 16010kt
b) 24040kt
c) 24010kt
20

7.VISIBILITYANDFOG

196)Fogisreportedwhenvisibilityisreducedto
a) Lessthan1000m
b) 1000m
c) 1000to2000

197)RVRisreportedwhenvisibilityfallsbelow
a)500m
b)1000m
c)1500m

198)Radiationfogoccurs
a)Overland
b)Oversea
c)Duringday

199)Whenvisibilityreducesbetween5000mand1000mandRHisalmost100%,itis
a)Mist
b)Haze
c)Fog

200)RadiationFogformsoverNIndiaduring
a)MaytoJune
b)DectoFeb
d) OcttoNov

201)Warmandmoistairmovingoveracoldgroundgivesriseto:
a)Thunderclouds
b)Fogandstratus
c)Frontalclouds

202)Warmandmoistairmovingoveracoldsurfacecauses
a)RadiationFog
b)AdvectionFog
c)FrontalFog

203)Theradiationfogformsdueto
a)Heatingoftheearthduringday
b)Radiationalcoolingofearthatnight
c)Advectionofcoldair

204)Theradiationfogactivityincreasesafterthepassageofa....
a)WD
b)Depression
c)Col

21

205)Radiationfogisessentiallya..phenomena
a)Nocturnal
b)Dusk
c)Day

206)Theradiationfogformsover..
a)Water
b)Land
c)Both

207)The.fogformsduetohorizontalmovementofwarmmoistairovercoldsurface
a)Radiation
b)Advection
c)Frontal

208)Advectionfogformsduring
a)nightonly
b)daytimeonly
c)anytimeofdayandnight

209)ForformationofRadiationfog
a)Thereshouldbesufficientmoistureinatmosphere,cloudysky,nilwind
b)Thereshouldbesufficientmoistureinatmosphere,clearsky,lightwind.
c)Thereshouldbesufficientmoistureinatmosphere,cloudysky,strongwind

210)Instrumentusedformeasuringvisibilityiscalled...
a)Visiometer
b)Transmissometer
c)Ceilometer

211)Advectionfogforms
a)oversea
b)overLand
c)bothoverlandandsea

212)fogiscloudonground
a)stratocumulus
b)stratus
c)Nimbostratus

213)Frontalfogismorecommonwitha
a)WesternDisturbance
b)cyclone
c)WarmFront
d)ColdFront

22

214)Thefavourablepressuresystemforformationoffogis
a)LowsandCols
b)HighandTrough
c)LowsandRidges
d)HighsandCols

215)Thermalprocesses/temperaturedistributionwhichfavoursformationoffogis
a)Isothermal
b)Adiabatics
c)Inversion
d)SALR

8.VERTICALMOTIONANDCLOUDS

216)Drizzleoccursfrom
a)
b)
c)
d)

CS
ST
NS
CU

217)Altostratus(AS)is
a)
b)
c)
d)

a)Lowcloudofsheettype
Amediumcloudofsheettype
Acloudoflargeverticalgrowth
Ahighcloudofsheettype

218)Showersoccursfrom
a)
b)
c)
d)

CU
CB
AS
AC

219)Heavyicingispossiblein
a)
b)
c)
d)

CI
CS
ST
CB

220)Toavoidicingincloudyconditions,apilotisadvisedtoflythroughacloudwhichshowsanoptical
phenomena
a) Halo
b) Corona
c) Withmulticolouredclouds

221)Darkgraycloudgivingcontinuousrainiscalled
a)
b)
c)
d)

AS
NS
ST
CB

23

222)Auniformlayerofcloudresemblingfogbutnotontheground
a) AS
b) NS
c) ST

223)Thecloudscomposedoficecrystalshavingfeatheryappearance
a) CI
b) CS
c) AS
225)Haloisassociatedwiththecloud
a)
b)
c)
d)

AC
AS
CS
CI

224)NScloudsoccur
a) Atcoldfront
b) Atwarmfront

226)Coronaisassociatedwiththecloud
a)
b)
c)
d)

AS
AC
CC
CS

227)Lenticularcloudsindicatepresenceof
a) WarmFront
b) Coldfront
c) Mountainwaves

228)Thelowestlevelbelowwhichcondensationtrailswillnotformis
a) MintraLevel
b) DrytraLevel
c) MaxtraLevel

229)Rainfallingfromcloudbutnotreachinggroundis
a) Virgo
b) Virga
c) Mirage

230)CBwithdistinctanviliscalled
a) Castellanus
b) Capillatus
c) Uncinus

231)Cloudceilingistheheightofthecloudcovering
a) 3-4/8
b) 8/8
c) 5/8ormore

232)Nocondensationtrailsoccurabove
a) MaxtraLevel
b) DytraLevel
24

c) MintraLevel

233)Cloudofoperationalsignificancehasbasebelow.morbelowthehighestminimumsectoraltitude,which
isgreater
a) 1500
b) 2000
c) 1000

234)ACcloudwithcumuliformprotuberancesareindicativeof
a) Stability
b) Instability
c) Neutrality

235)HailmaybeexperiencedundertheanvilofaCB
a) True
b) False

9.ATMOSPHERESTABILITYANDINSTABILITY

236)DALR=9.8C,ELR=6.8Catmosphereis
a) stable
b) unstable
c) indifferent

237)SALR=5.5C,ELR=4.5Catmosphereis
a) unstable
b) stable
c) indifferent

238)DALR>ELR>SALR
a) conditionallystable
b) latentlystable
c) potentiallystable

239)Dryairisunstablewhen
a) ELR=DALR
b) ELR>DALR
c) ELR<DALR

240)Thesaturatedairissaidtobeunstableif
a) SALR=ELR
b) SALR<ELR
c) SALR>ELR

241)IfELR=SALR=DALRtheatmosphereis
a) Stable
b) Instable
c) Indifferent

25

242)DALRmeans:
a) Therateatwhichtemperatureofunsaturatedparcelofairfallswithheightwhenmadetoascend
adiabatically.
b) Therateatwhichtempfallswithheight.
c) Therateatwhichascendingparcelofsaturatedaircools.

243)Surfacetemp,is30C.AssumingDALR.whatisthetemperatureat2km
a) 18C
b) 10C
c) 42C

244)AnIsothermalatmosphereis
a) Stable
b) Unstable
c) Neutral

245)Ifenvironmentallapserate(ELR)islessthanSALR,theatmosphereissaidtobe:
a) Absolutelyunstable
b) Conditionallystable
c) Absolutelystable

246)DALRisapproximately
a) 5C/km
b) 15C/km
c) 10C/km

247)SALRatmeansealevelisabout
a) 10C/Km
b) 5C/Km
c) 5F/Km

248)SALRapproachesDALR
a) at0C
b) at15F
c) at-40C

249)Dryairhavingatemperatureof35Consurfacewhenforcedtoriseadiabaticallyby1kmwouldattaina
temperatureof
a) 29C
b) 25C
c) 45C

250)Inversionintheatmosphereindicates
a) Stability
b) Instability
c) Neutrality

251)Inversionis..LapseRate(LR)
a) Positive
b) Negative
c) Neutral

26

252)EnvironmentalLRcanbemorethanDALR
a) True
b) False

253)Theprocesswhichtoalargeextentdeterminestheverticaldistributionoftemperatureinatmosphereis
a) Adiabatic
b) Isothermal
c) Isentropic

254)Riseintemperaturewithheightis
a) Inversion
b) Lapse
c) Normal

255)Inversioniscommonin
a) PostMonsoon
b) Monsoon
c) Winters

10.OPTICALPHENOMENA

256)AuroraAustralisoccurinthe
a) Shemisphere
b) Nhemisphere
c) Equator

257)AuroraAustraliscalled....Lights
a) Northern
b) Southern
c) Temperate

258)AuroraBorealisoccurinthe
a) Shemisphere
b) Nhemisphere
c) Equator

259)AuroraBorealisarecalled...Lights
a) Northern
b) Southern
c) Temperate

260)Coronaoccurin.clouds
a) AS
b) NS
c) CS

261)Bishop'sringisduetothediffractionoflightbyfineparticlesof
a) water
b) dust
c) ice
27

262)TheradiusoftheBishop'sringisabout
a) 32
b) 22
c) 42

263)SuperiorMirageoccursinmarked
a) Lapse
b) Isothermal
c) Inversion

264)InferiorMirageoccurswhenthereis
a) Lapse
b) Isothermal
c) Inversion

265)Coronaareformedduetothe.

oflight

a) Refraction
b) Diffraction
c) Scattering

266)Coronaareformedduetolight,passingthrough
a)
b)
c)
d)

Mistonly
Fogonly
smallwateroriceparticlesonly
Anyoneofallthese

267)Haloisproducedby
a) Refraction
b) Diffraction
c) Scattering

268)Haloisproducedwhenlightpassesthrough
a) waterparticles
b) icecrystals
c) both

269)Halooccurinthecloud
a) AS
b) NS
c) CS

270)Haloisluminousringof...

radius

a) 32
b) 22
c) 42

271)Haloroundthesunshowsapureclear.

ontheoutside

a) Red
b) Yellow
c) Violet

28

272)Halosignifiespredominanceinthecloudof
a) Supercooledwaterdrops
b) Icecrystals
c) Both

273)ThecloudwhichcauseHalohas...chancesoficeaccretion
a) negligible
b) maximum
c) medium

274)Sometimesahalowitharadiusof..

isobserved,calledLargeHalo

a) 32
b) 42
c) 22

275)Halooccursfrom....cloud
a) Low
b) Medium
c) High

11.PRECIPITATION

276)Whensupercooledwaterdropsandiceparticlescoexist,theicecrystalsgrowattheexpenseofthewater
dropsbecause
a) Saturationvapourpressureoverwaterdropsislessthanovertheicecrystals
b) Saturationvapourpressureovertheicecrystalsislessthanoverwaterdrops
c) Theicecrystalsconvertintowaterdrops

277)Thecloudswhosetopsextendwellabovethefreezinglevelarecalled
a) WarmClouds
b) ColdClouds
c) ModerateClouds

278)Thecloudswhosetopsdonotextendtothefreezinglevelarecalled
a) WarmClouds
b) ColdClouds
c) ModerateClouds

279)CoalescenceTheoryexplainsoccurrenceofrainfallfromthe
a) WarmClouds
b) ColdClouds
c) BothtypesofClouds

280)IcecrystalTheoryexplainsoccurrenceofrainfallfromthe
a) WarmClouds
b) ColdClouds
c) BothtypesofClouds

29

281)GiantNucleusTheoryexplainsoccurrenceofrainfallover
a) Maritimeareas
b) Inlandareas
c) Hillyareas

282)Veryheavyprecipitationasshowersoverashortperiodiscalled
a) Flashfloods
b) CloudBurst
c) OrographicRain

283)Rainshadowareaisonthe..ofthemountainrange
a) Top
b) Windwardside
c) Leewardside

284)Sleetisamixtureof
a) Hall&Snow
b) Rain&Snow
c) FrozenRain

285)Rainfallinthetropicsismorein
a) Winters
b) Summers
c) Postmonsoon

286)Rainfallinthetropicsismoreinthe
a) Morning
b) Afternoon
c) Night

287)Rainfallinthetemperatelatitudesismorein
a) Winters
b) Summers
c) Spring

288)OverJ&KandwesternHimalayasRainfallismorein
a) Winters
b) Summers
c) Postmonsoon

289)Rainfallovercoastalareasismoreinthe
a) Evening
b) Afternoon
c) Night&earlymorning

290)Areastothe..

ofwesternGhatsofIndiaarerainshadowareas

a) W
b) S
c) E

291)Asuddenriseinthelevelofriversorstreamscausingfloodsiscalled
a) CloudBurst
b) Catchmentsflooding
c) FlashFloods
30

292)Artificialrainmakingisalsotermedas
a) Simulation
b) Cloudseeding
c) Nucleation

293)Fogcanbedispersedforashortperiodbyartificialstimulation
a) True
b) False

294)Showeryprecipitationoccursfrom
a) NS
b) AC
c) CB

295)AdayiscalledRainydaywhenrainfallin24hris....mmormore
a) 1.5
b) 2
c) 2.5

12.ICEACCRETION

296)Hoarfrostoccursonairframeinclearairwhenthetemperatureofairframeis
a) belowthefrostpoint
b) frostpoint
c) justabovethefrostpoint

297)Incloudsattemperaturesbelow0Canaircraftmayencountericingofthetype
a) onlyGlazed
b) onlyRime
c) intermediatebetweenthesetwo

298)OpaqueRimeiceis
a) Lightporous
b) Solid
c) Mixtureofporousandsolid

299)Rimeisformedbyfreezingofsupercooledwaterdropletsonairframewhenaircraftisflyingthrough
clouds
a) Small
b) Large
c) Medium

300)Glazediceisformedbyfreezingofsupercooledwaterdropletsonairramewhenaircraftisflying
throughclouds
a) small
b) Large
c) medium

31

301)The.iceposesseriousaviationhazard
a) Rime
b) HoarFrost
c) Glazed

302)Airframeicingoccursbelow0C.Itsprobabilityofoccurrencedecreasesprogressivelybelow20C,asat
lowertemperaturestheproportionofsupercooledwaterdropsinacloud
a) Increases
b) Decreases
c) Doesnotchange

303)CI,CSandCCcloudsconsistmostlyicecrystals.Icinghazardistherefore
a) Maximum
b) Medium
c) Negligible

304)AS,NSconsistofsupercooledwaterdropsandicecrystalsinvaryingproportion
..icingispossible.
a) Maximum
b) Lightormoderate
c) Negligible

305)InACclouds..icingislikelyinmountainousareas
a) Severe
b) Lighttomoderate
c) Negligible

306)InTCUicingmayrangefromlighttoseveretypeatleastupto.level.
a) 40Clevel
b) 30Clevel
c) -20Clevel

307)InCBicingmayrangefromlighttoseveretypeupto20Clevel.Belowthistemperaturesevereicingis
a) notsignificant
b) significant
c) maximum

308)Liquidwatercontentisanimportantfactorinicing.Asthemaximumwaterconcentrationisaround,
maximumiceformationincloudsmayalsobeexpectedaroundthatlevel.
a) 25Clevel
b) 20Clevel
c) -15Clevel

309)Carburetoricingoccurswhenairfromintakepassesthroughaventuri(choke)andcausesexpansionalcooling
andvaporizationoffuel.Seriousicingcanoccuratextremetemperatures
a) 13C
b) 30Cto-10C
c) 20C

310)occursinamoistcloudlessaironanaircraftsurfacehavingtemp.below0C,duetosublimationof
watervapourontofeatheryicecrystals.
a) Rime
b) Glazed
c) HoarFrost
32

311)..occursinSt,Sc,Ac,Cu,Nsattemperature10to40CandinCbattemperature20to40C
a) Rime
b) Glazed
c) HoarFrost

312)Incloudsoccurswhenawiderangeofwaterdropsizesarepresentattemperaturesbetween0Cand40C
a) Rime
b) Glazed
c) Mixtureofrimeandclearice

313)occursinAS,NS,SCandtoweringCUorCBbetween0Cand20C,inwarmfrontbelow0C,
especiallyiftheaircrafthasrapidlydescendedfromacolderregion
a) Glazed
b) Fume
c) MixtureofRimeandClearice

314)Whenfogfreezesonparkedaircraftitproduces..,
a) HoarFrost
b) HoarFrost
c) Clearice
315)Icing.

thestallingspeedappreciably

a) Decreases
b) Increases
c) Doesnotincrease/decrease

13.THUNDERSTORM

316)Theconditionnecessaryfortheformationofathunderstormare:
a) Steeplapserate,strongwinds
b) shallowlapserate,adequatesupplyofmoisture
c) Stepslapserate,adequatesupplyofmoistureandtriggeraction.

317)Hailismostlikelytofallfromacloud
a) Havinglayers
b) ComposedofIcecrystals
c) Havingstrongverticaldevelopment

318)Norwestersare
a) ThewesterndisturbanceswhichaffectNWIndia
b) SeverethunderstormswhichoccuroverNEIndiaduringhotweatherperiod
c) SeverethunderstormswhichoccuroverPeninsuladuringhotweatherperiod

319)DustStormusuallyoccursoverNWIndiaduring
a) Post-monsoon
b) Winter
c) Pre-Monsoon

320)A'mature'thunderstormhas
a) updraftonly
b) downdraftonly
c) updraftsanddowndrafts
33

321)Aircrafticingismostfavouredinthecloudwhichhavetemperaturesrangingbetween
a) 20Cand40C
b) 0Cand-20C
c) below40C

322)Ashortduration,showeryprecipitationisassociatedwith
a) ST
b) AS
c) CB

323)Hailis
a) Solidprecipitationwhichcommonlyoccursoverthemountainousregionsinwinter.
b) Frozenorpartlyfrozenrainfallingfromsheettypeofclouds
c) Solidprecipitationfallingfromadeepconvectivecloud

324)Themosthazardouscloudforaviationis
a) CB
b) CU
c) NS

325)ThelifeofaCbcellisusually
a) 7to8hrs
b) 3to4hrs
c) 2-3hr

326)Generallytheseverestactivityofa,heattype,TSisfor
a) 2hrs
b) 30to45min
c) 3to4hr

327)Norwestersoccurduring
a)
b)
c)
d)

Jan-Feb
Mar-May
June-Sep
OctDec

328)Norwestersoccurduring
a)
b)
c)
d)

Winter
Hotweather
Monsoon
PostMonsoon

329)Norwestersaffect
a) NIndia
b) Bengal,Bihar,OrissaandAssam
c) CentralIndia

330)Thetriggeractionmaytakeplaceduero
a) Clearnightskynowind
b) Orographiclifting
c) highpressure

34

331)Norwestersnormallyoccurduring
a) Mornings
b) Afternoons
c) Nights
332)Norwestersoriginatesover
a) Chota-Nagpurhills
b) DeccanPlato
c) Khasihills

333)Andhi(blindingstorms)occurgenerallyover
a) SIndia
b) NIndia
c) NEIndia

334)WindspeedinLightDSis
a) 25kr
b) 30kt
c) upto21kt

335)ThediameterofMicroburstis
a) lessthan4km
b) lessthan2km
c) lessthan6km

336)ThediameterofandMacroburst
a) <4km
b) 4kmormore
c) >8km

337)FordetectingprecipitationaRadarwavelengthintherange...issuitable
a) 30to200mm
b) 400500mm
c) 600700mm

338)Forairborneradarswavelengthgenerallyused
a) 20mm
b) 40mm
c) 60mm

339)ThewavelengthofTSdetectionXbandradaris
a) 10mm
b) 20mm
c) 30mm

340)ThewavelengthofstormdetectionSbandradaris
a) 50mm
b) 100ram
c) 200mm

341)OverplainsTSmostlyoccurduringthe
a) afternoon
b) night
c) earlymorning
35

342)OvervalleyandfoothillsTSgenerallyoccurduring
a) afternoon
b) night&earlymorning

343)OvertheseaTSaremorefrequent
a) afternoon
b) night
c) earlymorning

344)ThelifeofMesoscaleConvectiveComplexTSis
a) 23hr
b) 34hr
c) 6to24hr

345)Loudpealsofthunder,frequentflashesoflightning,moderateorheavyshowersaccompaniedbylighthailwith
maximumwindspeed1540ktisclassifiedas
a) LightTS
b) ModerateTS
c) SevereTS

346)ForasevereTSoneoftherequirementsisstrongwindshear
a) Horizontal
b) Vertical
c) Slant

347)SevereTScellsaretilted
a) invertical
b) totheSouth
c) totheNorth

348)WhenflyingthroughonactiveTS,lightningstrikesaremostlylikely
a)
b)
c)
d)

Above5000ftandundertheanvil
Intheclearairbelowthecloudinrain
Inthetemperaturebandbetween+10Cand-10C
Atorabove10000ft

349)HazardsofthematurestageofTSCellincludelighting,turbulenceand
a)
b)
c)
d)

Microburst,windshearandanvil
Icing,microburstandWS
Icing,drizzleandmicroburst
WS,hailandfog

350)Hailgrowsby
a)
b)
c)
d)

freezingasitleavesthecloud
upanddownforcesinCUcloud
collisionwithicecrystals
collisionwithsupercooledwaterdrops

36

14.AIRMASSES,FRONTSANDWESTERNDISTURBANCES

351)TheairmasswhichoriginatesatseainlowLatitudesiscalled
a) Polarmaritime
b) Tropicalcontinental
c) Tropicalmaritime

352)Theairmasswhichoriginatesoverequatorialregionis
a) Warm&dry
b) Warm&Moist
c) Cold&dry

353)Iftheadvancingcoldfrontiscolderthanthecoolairmassofthewarmfront,theadvancingcoldfront
undercutsandliftsboththewarmandcoolairmassesofthewarmfront.Thisis
a) WarmOcclusion
b) ColdOcclusion

356)Theairmasswhichoriginatedoverlandarealocatedinpolarregion:
a) Warm&dry
b) Warm&Moist
c) Cold&dry

357)Ifawarmairmassovertakesacoldairmass,itiscalled
a) ColdFront
b) WarmFront
c) OccludedFront

358)Atwarmfront
a) Warmairovertakesthecoldair
b) Coldairundercutsthewarmair

359)Theconditionsarealwaysunstableat
a) Coldfront
b) Warmfront

360)Linesqualloccursabout100300kmaheadof
a) Warmfront
b) Coldfront

361)Precipitationoccursoverabeltof3050kmonbothsideoffront
a) Coldfront
b) Warmfront

362)Coldfrontmovesat...thespeedofawarmfrontmoves
a) Same
b) Double
c) Half

37

363)LineSquallsoccurofColdfront
a) Ahead
b) Behind
c) Atthe

364)Frontsareassociatedwith
a) Tropicalcyclone
b) MonsoonDepression
c) ExtratropicalCyclones

365)CB,Rolltypeclouds,SC,ACwithembeddedCBareassociated
a) Coldfront
b) Warmfront

366)TheSurfaceofdiscontinuitybetweenthePolarEasterliesandthetemperateWesterliesiscalled
a) EquatorialFront
b) Tropopause
c) PolarFront

367)TheairmasswhichoriginatesfromseaarealocatedinlowerLatis
a) Warm&Dry
b) Warm&Moist
c) Cold&Moist

368)WDsapproachIndiaas
a) Cols
b) OccludedFronts
c) Highs

369)MaximumWDsoccurin
a) Summers
b) PostMonsoon
c) Winters

370)Aheadofawarmfrontthesurfacewind
a) Backs&weakens
b) Veers&strengthens
c) Backs&strengthens

371)OnapproachofaWarmFronttemperature
a) Fall
b) Rise
c) Remainsame

372)CI,CS,AS,NS,STinsequenceareassociatedwiththefront
a) Warm
b) Cold
c) Occluded

373)DuringthepassageofaColdFrontwinds
a) Suddenlybecomesqually
b) Backandweaken
c) Veerandareofmoderatestrength
38

374)VisibilityispoorinaWarmFront
a) Ahead
b) Ahead&During
c) After&During

375)FogoccursinColdFront
a) Ahead
b) During
c) After

378)WDisa..front
a) Cold
b) Warm
c) Occluded

379)FZRAandFZFGoccurofawarmfront
a) Ahead
b) During
c) After

380)Precipitationceasesafterthepassageofafront
a) Cold
b) Warm
c) Occluded

381)DuringtheapproachofaWarmFrontwind
a) Backs
b) Veers
c) Doesnotchange

382)AWDhastwoormoreclosedisobars,at2hPainterval,itistermedas
a) TroughsinWesterlies
b) WesternDepression
c) WesternCyclone

383)AWDoriginateover
a) Baluchistan
b) Caspiansea
c) Mediterranean,CaspianandBlackSeas

384)Inducedlowsdeveloptothe.ofaWD
a) N
b) S
c) NE

39

15.JETSTREAMS

385)ThearbitrarylowerlimitofjetcorevelocityhasbeenassignedbyWMOas
a) 60kt
b) 60m/s
c) 70m/s

386)Jetstreamhas
a) onemaxima
b) oneormoremaxima
c) onlytwomaxima

387)TheverticalwindshearinaJetstreamisabout
a) 5m/s/km
b) 6m/s/km
c) 8m/s/km

388)ComparedtohorizontalwindsheartheverticalwindshearinaJetstreamis
a) weaker
b) stronger
c) same

389)Inajetstream,thepathofthemaximumspeedisknownas
a) Core
b) Axis
c) Jetstreak

390)Thewindspeedalongtheaxisofajetstreamisalways
a) Uniform
b) Notuniform

391)Alongtheaxisofajetstreamtherearecentresofhighspeedwinds,thesearecalled
a) Jetstreaks
b) Core
c) Axis

392)InawavyjettheJetstreaksarelocatedoverornearthe
a) Ridge
b) Trough
c) BetweenTroughandRidge

393)SubtropicalJetStream(STJ)is
a) Westerly
b) Easterly
c) Southerly

394)ThenormalpositionofSubtropicalJetStreamis
a) 30N
b) 27N
c) 35N

40

395)ThesouthernmostpositionofSTJisinFebruaryis
a) 22N
b) 20N
c) 18N

396)TheSTJaffectsIndiafrom
a) JuntoJul
b) OcttoMay
c) AugtoSep

397)STJhasalayeredstructure.Thereareoftentwolayersofmaximumwindtothe......ofjetcore
a) S
b) N
c) SW

398)TheSTJstrengthens
a) Northwards
b) Upstream
c) Downstream

399)AtandneartheSTJthetemperaturegradientisvery
a) Small
b) Large
c) Moderate

400)VerticalwindshearinSTJisgreater...thecore
a) above
b) below
c) along

401)TheTJprevailsovertheIndianPeninsulafrom
a) MaytoJun
b) SeptoOct
c) JuntoAug

402)TheTJislocatedovertheIndianPeninsula,approximatelyat
a) 13N
b) 17N
c) 18N

403)TheTJislocatedoverIndian,approximatelyataheightof
a) 15-16km
b) 1213km
c) 1112km

404)TheTJisstrongestin
a) July-Aug
b) SepOct
c) June

405)IntheTJthewindshearsaremuchthantheSTJ
a) more
b) less

c) same
41

406)TJis
a) Westerly
b) Easterly
c) Southerly

407)AjetStreamcanberecognizedby
a)
b)
c)
d)

Highleveldust
HighPressure
StreaksofCI
Lenticularclouds

408)Flyingatrightanglestoajetstreamwithfallingpressureyouwillexperience
a)
b)
c)
d)

windfromleft
Increasingheadwind
Increasingtailwind
Windfromright

409)WhenandWheretropicaljetstreamoccurs
a)
b)
c)
d)

Allyearalongequator
InmiddleEastinsummers
InwintersoverRussia
InsummersoverSEAsiaandCentralAfrica

17.MOUNTAINWAVES

410)Formountainwavestoformthereshouldbeflowofairacrosstheridge,generallywithinofthe
perpendiculartotheridge.
a) 30
b) 45
c) 60

411)Formountainwavestoformthewindspeedforsmallmountainsshouldbeatleast
a) 15m/s
b) 10m/s
c) 7m/s

412)Formountainwavestoformthewindspeedforlargemountainsshouldbeatleast
a) 15m/s
b) 10m/s
c) 7m/s

413)Formountainwavestoformtheatmosphereshouldbe.uptotheridge,whereairstreamstrikestheridge.
a) Unstable
b) Stable
c) Indifferent

414)Formountainwavestoformtheatmosphereshouldbe..athigherlevelsabovetheridge
a) Unstable
b) Stable
c) Indifferent

42

415)InMountainwavestheRotorcloudsformin
a) Troughs
b) Ridges
c) Valley

416)Clearairturbulenceisoftenencountered
a)
b)
c)
d)

Attheboundaryofajetstream
Inthewakeofapassingairplane
Inthewakeofalargerairplaneattakeoffandlanding
Alloftheabove

417)MostCAToccursonthe.ofajetstreamandinthevicinityofupperlevelfrontalzoneswheretemperature
contrastsarestrong.
a) Fringes
b) Withinthecore
c) Axis

418)CATisthebumpinessexperiencedbyaircraftathighaltitudes.ineithercloudfreeconditionsorin
stratiformclouds
a) above18,000feet
b) below18,000feet
c) below28,000feet

419)Whenapproachinganareawheremountainwaveshavebeenreported,apilotshouldexpect:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Possiblepresenceofrollcloudsandlenticularclouds
Intenseupdraftsanddowndraftsontheleesideofthemountains
Moderatetosevereturbulenceasfaras20to30milesfromtherangeonleeside
Alloftheabove

18.TROPICALSYSTEMS

420)Windspeedinatropicalseverecycloneis:
a) 2733kt
b) 48-63kt
c) 1727kt

421)Frontsarecharacteristicof:
a) Tropicalcyclone
b) Extra-tropicaldepressions
c) Monsoondepressions

422)Inamaturetropicalcyclone,theyeyeareaischaracterisedby:
a) moderatewindsandheavyrains
b) hurricaneforcewindsandsqualls
c) calmwind,littlecloudingandpracticallynorainfall

423)cyclonicstormcrosstamilNaducoastin:
a) Oct-Nov
b) JulAug
c) FebMay

43

424)CyclonicstormsformsoverIndianseasduring
a) SWmonsoon
b) NEmonsoon
c) Pre-Monsoon&PostMonsoon

425)TRSoccursoverIndianseasin
a) EquatorialRegion
b) 5-15N
c) 05N

426)IntheBayofBengalduringthemonthsofJul,august,MonsoonDepressionform
a) OverHeadbay
b) CentralBay
c) SouthBay

427)InaMonsoondepressionmaximumweatheroccursin
a) SEsector
b) NWsector
c) SWsector

428)Duringrecurvaturemaximumweatherinamonsoondepressionoccursin
a)
b)
c)
d)

SEsector
NWsector
SWsector
NEsector

429)Onwhatevercompasscoursethecycloneisapproached,strongwindsfromtheportindicatethatthecentrelies
somewhere
a)
b)
c)
d)

Ahead
Behind
Port
Starboard

430)Thewelldevelopedextratropicalcyclonicstormiscomposedoftwomainfrontalsystemsandanoccluded
front,whichvariesinextent:
a)
b)
c)
d)

AstationaryFrontfollowedbyawarmfront
AlowwithawarmfrontradiatingoutSouthwardsfollowedbyacoldfront.
Awarmfrontandanoccludedfront
Noneoftheabove

431)cyclonicstormsareconfinedalmostentirelytothe
a)
b)
c)
d)

LatitudesnearEquator
Tropiclatitudes
Polarlat.
Midlat.

432)Theweatherexpectedinawelldevelopedcyclonicstormis:
a)
b)
c)
d)

ModerateWeather
Stormyweather
Clearskies

Nowindortemperaturechange

433)Afterenteringlandthecyclonesgraduallydiedown
a) True
b) False
44

434)The..isthemostdangerouspartofthecycloneis
a)
b)
c)
d)

eyewall
eye
outerstormarea
completecyclone

435)NoCSform
a)
b)
c)
d)

AtPoles
AtEquator
AtLat40deg
Allthese

436)AverageLifeofatropicalcycloneinIndiais
a) 10Days
b) 68Days
c) 3-4Days

437)CSinIndiaaremostlyofintensity
a) Severe
b) VeryWeak
c) Moderate

438)EyeofaCSissurroundedby
a)
b)
c)
d)

ShelfClouds
WallClouds
RotorClouds
Rollclouds

439)CSinIndiaregionarelessintensebecause
a) Theyhaveaveryshorttraveloverthesea
b) Seasurfacetemp,arenothigh
c) IndiaisclosetoEquator
440)Surgeissuddenstrengtheningofwindinthe..airmass
a) Same
b) Different
c) Both

441)SurgeandShearLineareFeaturesofmonsoon
a) Vigorous
b) Weak
c) Moderate

442)Peninsulardiscontinuityoccursalong
a) WestCoast
b) EastCoast
c) Centralpeninsula

443)Peninsulardiscontinuityoccursduring
a) Monsoon
b) NEMonsoon
c) PreMonsoon

45

444)Surgeisalso
a) VelocityDivergence
b) VelocityConvergence
c) LikeITCZ

445)Inadepressionthewindspeedis
a)
b)
c)
d)

<17kt
3447kt
17-27kt
4863kt

446)InaCSthewindspeedis
a)
b)
c)
d)

<17kt
34-47kt
1727kt
2833kt

447)AmonsoondepressionSlopes.withheight
a)
b)
c)
d)

SE
NW
SW
NE

448)Averagelifeofamonsoondepressionis
a)
b)
c)
d)

23days
89days
3-5days
1012days

449)MonsoonDepressionmovesfasterover
a)
b)
c)
d)

Sea
Plains
Hills
Rivers

450)ForformationofaCSseasurfacetemperatureshouldbe
a)
b)
c)
d)

26-27C
2324C
2425C
30C

451)Inextratropicalcyclonefamilythereare34CSorDepressions,onetotheoftheother
a)
b)
c)
d)

SE
NW
SW
NE

452)InTRSthecentralpressureisabout
a) 10021010hpa
b) 1000-900hpa
c) 10101020hpa

453)TRSdevelopover
a) Sea
b) Land
c) Islands
46

d) Atequator

454)TRSdevelopover..degLat
a)
b)
c)
d)

05
5-15
2530
3040

455)InTRSPressuregradientisverysteepuptoaradiusof
a)
b)
c)
d)

30Km
50km
100km
400km

456)ExtraTropicalStormsoriginatein
a) EquatorialFront
b) TropicalFront
c) PolarFront

457)Extratropicalstormsgenerallymovesinthedirection
a)
b)
c)
d)

StoE
WtoE
StoW
EtoW

458)AtropicalCyclonemoves..inaday
a) 300-500km
b) 500700km
c) 700900km

459)ATropicalCShasouterstormareaofabout
a) >400Km
b) >700Km
c) >900Km

19.CLIMATOLOGYOFINDIA

460)Duringwinters
a) Advectionfogoccursovernorthern&centralpartofIndia
b) Radiationfogoccursinsouthernpartofcountry
c) ActivityofRadiationfogincreasesafterthepassageofaWDoverNIndia

461)LowTemperaturesandlowhumidityisthecharacteristicof
a)
b)
c)
d)

PostMonsoon
Hotweather
Monsoon
Wintermonths

462)Hotweatherperiodis
a)
b)
c)
d)

JanFeb

Mar-May
JunSept

OctDec
47

463)Duringhotweather
a) WDscauseTS/DSoverPunjab&Rajasthan
b) NoWDaffectNpartsofcountry
c) TrackofWDissouthernmost

464)ThemonsooncurrentovertheWestcoastofIndiais
a) SWly
b) SEly
c) NEly

465)Monsoonperiodis
a)
b)
c)
d)

JantoFeb
MarchtoMay
JunetoSep
OcttoDec

466)Themonsoonadvanceswith
a) BayofBengalcurrentonly
b) ArabianSeacurrentonly
c) BayofBengalandArabianseacurrents

467)TherainfalloverIndiaduringmonsoondependson

a) LowoverPakistan
b) DepressionoverBayofBengal
c) ThepositionoftheaxisofMonsoonTrough

468)Rainfalloccursalloverthecountryduringmonsoonwhen
a) AxisofMTisinitsnormalpositionalongGangeticplains
b) AxisofMTisalongHimalayas
c) DepressionhasformedoerBayofBengal

469)Breakinmonsoonoccurswhentheaxisofmonsoontroughisalongthe
a) Gangeticplains
b) foothillsofHimalayas
c) BayofBengal

470)WithadepressionovertheheadBayfairweatherduringmonsoonoccursover
a) Assam
b) WBengal
c) Orissa

471)Monsoonisalsocalled
a) NEmonsoon
b) SWmonsoon
c) SEmonsoon

472)Postmonsoonweatherperiodis
a)
b)
c)
d)

MartoMay
JuntoSept
OcttoNov
JantoFeb

48

473)Duringpostmonsoon,pressuregradientoverIndiais
a) weak
b) steep
c) sameaswinters

474)Duringmonsoonperiod,lowpressureliesover
a)
b)
c)
d)

BayofBengal
NEIndia
CentralIndia
Pakistan

475)Duringvigorousmonsoonperiodthepressuregradientoverwestcoastis
a) Weak
b) Steep
c) Normal

476)AnaircraftflyinginMonsoonseasonfromChennaitoKolkataat14kmwillexperiencewinds
a)
b)
c)
d)

Easterly
Westerly
Nly
Southerly

477)AnaircraftflyinginWinterseasonfromChennaitoKolkataat12kmwillexperiencewinds
a)
b)
c)
d)

Ely
Wly
Nly
Sly

478)AnaircraftflyinginPremonsoonseasonfromDelhitoKolkataat10kmwillexperiencewinds
a)
b)
c)
d)

Easterly
Westerly
Northerly
Southerly

479)AnaircraftflyinginMonsoonseasonfromMumbaitoAhmedabadat03kmwillexperiencewinds
a)
b)
c)
d)

SEly
SWIy
Nly
NWly

480)AnaircraftflyinginwinterseasonfromDelhitoKolkataat06kmwillexperiencewinds
a)
b)
c)
d)

SEly
SWIy
Nly
NW-Wly

481)AnaircraftflyinginwinterseasonfromDelhitoKolkataat06kmwillexperience
a)
b)
c)
d)

Portdrift
Starboarddrift
Tailwind
Headwin

482)AnaircraftflyinginwinterseasonfromKolkatatoNagpurat02kmwillexperience
a) Portdrift
b) Starboarddrift
49

c) Tailwind
d) Headwind

483)Duringbreakmonsoonthepressuresalloverthecountry
a) Rise
b) Fall
c) Donotchange

484)DuringbreakmonsoonsometimesthesurfacewindsoverEastUPandBiharare
a) verystrong
b) weak
c) normal

485)Midtroposphericcycloneoccursduring
a)
b)
c)
d)

Premonsoon
Winters
Postmonsoon
SWmonsoon

486)Midtroposphericcycloneduringmonsoonformover
a)
b)
c)
d)

Orissa
Punjab
Gujarat
Chennai

487)ElNinoepisodeisappliedbyfishermen(ofEcuadorandNperu)toaperiodofreducedfishcatchdueto
suppressionofupwelling
a) warmsurfacecoastalcurrent
b) Wlysurfacecoastalcurrent
c) Coldsurfacecoastalcurrent

488)MaximumcyclonesoccuroverIndiain
a)
b)
c)
d)

Premonsoon
Winters
Postmonsoon
SWmonsoon

489)TropicalJetstreamoccursinIndiaduring
a)
b)
c)
d)

Premonsoon
Winters
Postmonsoon
SWmonsoon

490)PressuregradientoverWestCoastofIndiaissteepduring
a)
b)
c)
d)

Premonsoon
Winters
Postmonsoon
SWmonsoon

491)Duringbreakinmonsoonrainoccurs
a) alongfoothills
b) NWIndia
c) SIndia

50

20.GENERALCIRCULATION

492)Thepolewardsmovingairpilesupinthesubtropicalregionsandformshighpressurebeltatthesurface,called
a) Subtropicalhigh
b) PolarHigh
c) Equatorialhigh

493).occursoversubtropicalhigh
a) advection
b) convection
c) subsidence

494)Theoccurrenceoflargedesertsnear30Nand30Sareduetolargescale
a) subsidence
b) convection
c) advection

495)Apartofthesinkingairoverthesubtropicalhighsflowstowardstheequator,turningwest(inthenorthern
hemisphere)duetotheCoriolisforce.Thissurfaceairiscalled
a) Tradewinds
b) Roaringforties
c) Doldrums

496)Thehugeverticalcirculations,onebetweentheequatorand30Nandanotherbetweenequatorand30S,are
called
a) HadleyCells
b) FerrelCells
c) Polarcells

497)ThedescendingbranchoftheHadleycellmarkedbycalmwindsandhighpressureatthesurfacearecalled
a) TropicalLatitudes
b) Middlelatitudes
c) HorseLatitudes

498)Thewindsintheuppertropospherearewesterly.Theseareknownas
a) NaturalWesterlies
b) SteadyWesterlies
c) ZonalWesterlies

499)Intheequatorialregionstheuppertroposphericwindsare
a) Westerlies
b) Easterlies
c) ZonalWesterlies

500)Thedisturbancesofmiddlelatitudesmovefrom
a)
b)
c)
d)

WtoE
EtoW
NtoS
StoN

501)Thetropicaldisturbanceswhichformintheequatoriallowpressurebeltmoveina
a) Easterlydirection
51

b) Westerlydirection
c) Southerlydirection

502)Tropicaldisturbancewhichreachthezoneoftransitionintheupperlevelflowchangecourseandbeginto
moveina
a) Perpendiculardirection
b) Oppositedirection
c) Southwards

503)Latitudinally,ontheaveragethereisradiationinthetropicsthaninthepolarregions
a) surplus
b) deficit
c) balance

504)Thesystemslikehighs,lows,cycloniccirculationetcareassociatedwithdistincttypesofweather.Astudyof
thebehaviourofthesesystems,knownas
a) SynopticMeteorology
b) Climatology
c) PhysicalMeteorology

505)Risingaircreatescalmsordoldrumsintheequatorialregion.
a) ITCZ
b) HorseLatitudes
c) EquatorialDoldrums

506)SteadyNEwindsintheNhemisphereandSEwindsintheShemispherearecalled.
a) Easterlywinds
b) TradeWinds
c) TropicalWinds

21.METEOROLOGICALSERVICESFORAVIATION

507)FornonscheduledNationalFlightsanadvancenotice(beforeETD)isrequiredtobegiventoAMOs
a) 3hr
b) 1824hr
c) 6hr

508)FornonscheduledNationalFlightsanadvancenotice(beforeETD)isrequiredtobegiventoAMSs
a) 3hr
b) 1824hr
c) 6hr

509)WAFS(WorldAreaForecastSystem)provideshighqualityenrouteforecastsof...toMetOffices
a) highqualityMeten-routeforestsofwindsandtemperature
b) SIGMET
c) TREND

510)IMDhas..RegionalMetoffices
a) 4
b) 5
c) 6

52

511)Therearc...

AerodromeMetOffice(ClassIMetOffices)

a) 14
b) 17
c) 16

512)Thereare...

ClassIIIMetOffices

a) 42
b) 52
c) 62

513)InAIREPtheMetInformationiscontainedinSection
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3

514)TAFaregenerallyvalidfor
a) 18hr
b) 12hr
c) 9hr

515)ThevalidityofLandingForecast(TREND)is
a) 1hr
b) 2hr
c) 3hr

516)LandingForecastisappendto
a) METARandSPECI
b) TAF
c) AIREP

517)LocalForecastisissuedthreetimesadayvalidfornext
a) 18hr
b) 8hr
c) 9hr

518)LocalForecastcoversanarea
a) 50NM
b) 100NM
c) 150NM

519)PrognosticChartsareissuedby
a) RAFC
b) AMO(ClassIMetOffices)
c) MWO

520)PrognosticChartsarevalidfor
a) 18hr
b) 12hr
c) 9hr

521)S1GWxChartareissuedforFlightLevels
a) below460
b) 460
c) above460
53

522)CODARis
a) RadarReport
b) CodedARFOR
c) Upperreportfromanaircraft(otherthanweatherreconnaissanceaircraft)

523)WINTEMis
a) Actualupperwinds
b) Forecastupperwindandtemperature
c) Actualtemperatureandupperwinds

524)SIGMETisanoticeofsevereweatherfor
a) actual
b) expected
c) both

525)SIGMETisissuedforaircraft
a) inflight
b) onground
c) both

526)SIGMETisissuedby
a) RAFC
b) AMO(ClassIMetOffices)
c) MWO

527)SIGMETisvalidfor
a) 4hr
b) 18hr
c) 6hr

528)SIGMETisnotissuedfor
a) Rain
b) VolcanicAsh
c) SevereIcing

529)AIRMETisSIGMETissuedbyMWOforthesafetyof
a) low-levelaircraft
b) highlevelaircraft
c) both

530)GAMETisanareaforecastinabbreviatedplainlanguagefor
a) highlevelaircraft
b) low-levelaircraft
c) both

531)ThevalidityofAirfieldwarningsisnotexceeding
a) 3hr
b) 4hr
c) 6hr

54

532)Airfieldwarningisissuedforexpectedwindspeed
a) 30kt
b) 24kt
c) 15kt

533)Airfieldwarningisissuedforwinddirectionof20ktchangesby
a) 45
b) 30
c) 60

534)AirfieldWarningforgliders,lightaircraftandhelicoptersisissuedforexpectedwindspeed
a) 15kt
b) 17kt
c) 30kt

535)WindShearWarningisissuedfortheobservedorexpectedwindshearaboverunway
a) upto500m
b) above500m
c) 300m

536)VOLMETisaMETinformationforaircraft
a) onground
b) inflight
c) both

537)VOLMETRadioTelephonyBroadcastmadeonHFChannelfrom
a) Mumbaionly
b) Kolkataonly
c) both

538)VOLMETconsistsof
a) SIGMET
b) TAPonly
c) TAFandMETAR

539)InROBEXtheMETAR/SPECIofinternationalaerodromesandtheiralternatesexchanged
a) withinIndia
b) outsideIndia

540)SIGWeatherChartsareissued....timesaday
a) Two
b) Three
c) Four

24.STATIONMODEL

Ref:pageno221forstationmodeldiagraminI.Cjoshi(4thedition)

541)Thedirectionofsurfacewindis
a) NW
b) NE
c) SE
55

542)Therangeofwindspeedis
a) 2025kt
b) 1622kt
c) 18-22kt

543)Thetypeofmediumcloudis
a) AC
b) AS
c) AC&AS

544)Lowcloudsare
a) CU
b) SC
c) ST

545)Highcloudsare
a) CC
b) CI
c) CS

546)Heightofbaseoflowcloudsis
a) 200m
b) 250m
c) 100to199m

547)Amountoflowestcloudis
a) 2/8
b) 4/8
c) 3/8

548)Wetbulbtemperaturerangeis
a) 29.5to30.4C
b) 29.1to30.4
c) 30.6to30.4
549)Temperature34Cis
a) Dry
b) Wet
c) DewPoint

550)962represents
a) QFE
b) QFF
c) QNH
551)PressurevalueinhPais
a) 996
b) 996.2
c) 1096.2

552)Pressurechangeof1.4hPaisin
a) 6hr
b) 3hr
c) 24hr
56

553)Pastweatheris
a) ModerateLightRain
b) ContinuousRain
c) HeavyRain

554)Rainfallamountis
a) 2mm
b) 1.5mm

c) 1.6to2.4mm

555)Rainfallreportedisfrom
a) 0300Zofyesterdayto0300Zoftoday
b) 0100to2400Z
c) 0530to08301ST

556)SpeedofShipis
a) 5KMH
b) 5MPS
c) 5KT

557)DirectionofmovementofShip
a) NW
b) SW
c) NE

558)SpeedofShipreportedisaveragedfor
a) 3hr
b) 6hr
c) 12hr

559)Surfacevisibilityis
a) 500to<1000m
b) 1000to2000m
c) 2000to<4000m

560)Weatherreportedis
a) Rainatthetimeofobservation
b) Rainduringlastonehour
c) Rainnotatstationbutwithin5km

25.AVIATIONWEATHERREPORTSandCODESOFMETARSPECIANDTREND

METARVIDP160230Z30005KT290V0501500S5000NR15/P1500UBRFEW020FEW025CBSCT120
BKN30032/29Q1003REFGTEMPOFM033022015G25KT3000+TSRAFEW010SCT025CBBKN150
BECMGAT041527008KTCAVOK=

561)TheMETARhasbeenissuedon...day
a) 15th
b) 16th
c) 17th

57

562)TheMETARhasbeenissuedat
a) 06301ST
b) 0230UTC
c) 02301ST

563)Thesurfacewindspeedis
a) 26kt
b) 3-7kt
c) 46kt

564)Winddirectionisvaryingfrom
a) 290to050
b) 050to290
c) 200to050

565)Visibility1500mistowards
a) N
b) S
c) Allovertheairport

566)VisibilitytowardsNis
a) 1500m
b) 5000m
c) 3000m

567)Heightofbaseoflowcloudsabovestationlevel
a) 2000ft
b) 2500ft
c) 2500ft

568)RunwayVisualrangeis
a) 1500m
b) >1500m
c) <1500m

569)RunwayVisualrangehas
a) Decreased
b) Increased
c) Remainedsame

570)ThepoorvisibilityisduetothePresentweather,whichis
a) Fog
b) BrownDust
c) Mist

571)Amountoflowestcloudis
a) 1-2/8
b) 24/8
c) 5

572)AmountofCBcloudis
a) 1-2/8
b) 24/8
58

c) 5

573)HeightofbaseofCBis
a) 2500m
b) 3000ft
c) 2500ft

574)Theheightoftopmostlayerofcloudis
a) 3000m
b) 30000m
c) 30000ft

575)ThelandingforecastappendedtoMETARisvalidfor
a) 1hr
b) 2hr
c) 3hr

576)ThewindinTRENDfrom0330UTCisvalidupto...UTC
a) 0400
b) 0430
c) 0415

577)Expectedvisibilityafter0415UTCis
a) 6000m
b) 10km
c) 10km

578)ThegroupQ1003intheMETARindicates
a) QFE
b) QFF
c) QNH

579)ThedifferencebetweenTTandTdTdis3C.Theatmosphereis
a) VeryDry
b) Moist
c) Saturated

560)JustbeforetheMETARwasissuedtheweatherwas
a) Rain
b) Mist
c) Fog

561)TherangeofpressurereportedasQ1003is
a) 1002.5to1003.5hPa
b) 1003.0to1003.9hPa
c) 1003.1to1003.5hPa

562)Therangeoftemperaturereportedas32is
a) 31.5to32.4C
b) 32.1to32.4C
c) 31.5to32.4C

GeneralQuestiononMETARandSPECI
59

563)Visibilityisreportedinstepsof50mwhenvisibilityis
a) 800mto5000m
b) 0to800m
c) 5000mto10km

564)Visibilityisreportedinstepsof100mwhenvisibilityis
a) 800mto5000m
b) 0to800m
c) 5000mto10km

565)Visibilityisreportedinstepsof1000mwhenvisibilityis
a) 800mto5000m
b) 0to800m
c) 5000mto9999

566)Visibilityisreported9999whenvisibilityis
a) 800mto5000m
b) 9000to9999m
c) 10kmormore

567)Temperature+2.5Creportedas
a) 2C
b) 3C
c) 2.5C

568)Temperature12.5Creportedas
a) 12
b) 13
c) M12

569)Pressureisroundeddowntothenearestwholenumberinhectropascal
a) exactvalue
b) uppervalue
c) lowervalue

570)QNH1002.6hPaisreportedas
a) Q1002
b) Q1003
c) Q1002.6

571)QNH29.92inchesisreportedas
a) Q2900
b) A2992
c) A3000

572)Fogisreportedwhenvisibilityis
a) <1000m
b) 1000m

c) >1000m

60

573)Mistisreportedwhenvisibilityis
a) <1000mto2000m
b) 1000to5000m
c) >1000m

574)CAVOKsignifiesVisibility,Cloud.andpresentweatherbetterthantheprescribedvaluesorconditions
a) Ceiling
b) base
c) amount

575)CAVOKisissuedwhenvisibilityis
a) 910km
b) 10kmormore
c) 10kmonly

576)CAVOKisissuedwhen(i)Visibility10kmormore(ii)Noweatherofsignificance(iii)Nocloudsbelow
1500morbelowthehighestminimumsectoraltitude,whicheverisgreaterandnocumulonimbus.
a) Anyonecondition
b) Anytwoconditions
c) Allthethreeconditions

577)SPECIisissuedwhen
(i)Changeinwinddirectionby60andspeedbeforeand/afterchangeis10kt.
(ii)Meanspeedhaschangedby10kt
(iii)Variationfrommeanspeedby10ktandspeedbeforeand/afterchange15kt
a) Anytwoconditions
b) Anyonecondition
c) Anyonecondition

578)SPECIisissuedwhenCloudsare
(i)BKNorOVCbaseat30,60,150,300,450m
(ii)Cloudamountbelow450mchanges:
FromSKC/FEW/SCTtoBKN/OVC

FromBKN/OVCtoSKC/FEW/SCT.
a) Anyonecondition
b) Anytwoconditions
c) Allthethreeconditions

579)SPECIisissuedforverticalvisibility,bystationshavingCeilograph,whenskyisobscured
a) True
b) False

580)SPECIisissuedwhensurfacetemperaturehasincreasedby

..ormorefromthelastobservation.

a) 3C
b) 4C
c) 2C

581)WSRWY28indicatesthatthewindshearhasbeenreportedforRW28in
a) Takeoffpath
b) approachpath
c) bothtakeoffandapproachpaths

61

582)R26/M0150inaMETARindicatesthat
a) maximumRVRis150m
b) minimumRVRis150m
c) 150misthelowestRVRinstrumentcanmeasureandRVRis<150m

26.AVIATIONWEATHERFORECASTS
(CODESOFAERODROMEFORECAST,AREAFORECASTANDROUTE)

1.AERODROMEFORECAST(TAF)

TAFVILK241800Z2500/250909008KT0800FGBECMG2504/250509015KT6000
SCT008BKN120TEMPO2506/250812015G30KT3000TSRAFEW012FEW025CB
BKN100BECMGAT25/080009010KT7000FEW030SCT120BKN280=

583)TheTAFhasbeenissuedon

day

a) 23rd
b) 18lh
c) 24th

584)TheTAFhasbeenissuedat
a) 23301ST
b) 1830UTC
c) 24UTC

585)Theexpectedsurfacewindspeedis
a) 09kt
b) 06kt
c) 08kt

586)Initiallyexpectedwinddirectionis
a) 120
b) 090
c) 050

587)TAFisValidforDate
a) 23rd
b) 24th
c) 25th

588)LowestforecastvisibilityinTAFis
a) 1500m
b) 0800m
c) 0200m

589)HeightofbaseoflowestcloudsinTAPis
a) 1000m
b) 1000ft
c) 0800ft

62

590)WeatherTSRAisexpectedafter
a) 0600UTC
b) 06001ST
c) 0800UTC

591)Directionofgustywindis
a) 090
b) 100
c) 120

592)Expectedweatherupto0400UTCis
a) Fog
b) TSRA
c) Mist

593)Amountoflowestcloudis
a) 12/8
b) 3-4/8
c) 57/8

594)AmountofCBcloudis
a) 1-2/8
b) 24/8
c) 5

595)HeightofbaseofCBis
a) 2500ft
b) 3000m
c) 2500m

596)Theheightoftopmostlayerofcloudis
a) 2800m
b) 28000m
c) 28000ft

597)PeriodofvalidityofTAFis
a) 23to001ST
b) 00to09UTC
c) 20to12UTC

OtherQuestion

598)Group1500/1509inaTAFindicates
a) TAFisissuedon15that0000UTC
b) TAFisvalidfrom15th0000to0900UTC
c) TAFisvalidfrom1500to0900UTC

599)WhatistrueofaTAF
a)
b)
c)
d)

9hrTAFisforinternationaldissemination
TAFvalidfor9hrisissuedevery6hr
TAFvalidfor1230hrisissuedevery3hr
TAFfornationalusearevalidfor9hrandissuedevery3hr
63

2.ROUTEFORECASTFORAVIATION(ROFOR)

ROFOR010000Z010610KTVECCVILK2SC0302CB0303AC1002CI3007///170621800541501405022
280154070102802041000529030420M0527045440M4127105111111287038012022222361402825=

600)TimeofissueofROFORis

64