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Samantha Pedri

SW 4810

December 3rd, 2014

Wayne State University

2

1. Sample: Chi-Square

A. The two variables used in the Chi-Square analysis are measured at the nominal

level.

B. Descriptive statistics for the Chi-Square analysis can be seen in Table 1.

Table 1: Chi-Square

n (%)

Happiness in Marriage

Very Happy

1033 (59.9%)

Pretty Happy

646 (37.2%)

Not Too Happy

57 (3.3%)

More Children

Yes

No

1033 (44.6%)

1284 (55.4%)

C. The total sample for the Chi-Square analysis is N=3559. Of this sample, the

majority of people (59.9%) are very happy in their marriage, with a small sample

(3.3%) of people who are not too happy in their marriage. The remaining people

(37.2%) are pretty happy with their marriage. There was a close split between

whether or not married couples wanted more children; yes, they wanted more

children (44.6%) and no they did not want more children (55.4%)

D. Our sample could be representative of English and Spanish speaking adults 18

and over living in households in the United States.

E. This sample is also not generalizable to those who do not have a phone, were not

available after 3 p.m., or residents of institutions and group quarters as they were

not surveyed.

This sample is also not generalizable to households outside the U.S. because

only those outside the US were not surveyed, however this survey is

administered in 57 nations and could be used to make cross-national

comparisons.

However, those with mental and/or physical disability who live in the surveyed

households are included so the sample could be generalizable to this particular

population.

3

2. Bivariate Analysis: Chi-Square

A. The research question for this analysis is: Is there a relationship between happiness in

a marriage and being married and not wanting more children?

The null hypothesis is: There is not a relationship between happiness in a marriage and

being married and not wanting more children?

The alternative hypothesis is: There is a relationship between happiness in a marriage and

being married and not wanting more children?

B. In order to answer the research question, a crosstabs was run to determine the chisquare statistic.

C. A chi-square was performed to assess the relationship between happiness in a marriage

and being married and not wanting more children. There was not a relationship between

the two variables, x (2,N=1122)=3.032, p<.001. Therefore, we will accept the null

hypothesis because there is not a significance between happiness in a marriage and not

wanting more children.

D. The study determines that whether or not you are happy in your current marriage that

it does not relate to wanting more children. So if you are happy in your marriage, if you

are neutral in your marriage, or if you are not happy in your marriage, it does not matter.

It does not have anything to do wanting more children.

3. Implications

These findings are relevant because the relationship between happiness in a marriage and

being married and not wanting more children is not related. It is confirmed that the

amount of happiness there is in a marriage does not relate to wanting more children.

These findings indicate that whether you are happy, neutral, or not very happy, it does not

affect the desire for more children.

These findings could result in more research based on whether or not the amount of

children a marriage does or does not have is related to the happiness in their marriage.

The status of the relationship does not affect wanting more children, but the amount of

children could affect the status of the relationship.

This analysis confirms that there is no relationship between these two variables, but there

could be further research done on happiness and the amount of children in a marriage,

and whether or not those are related in any way.

4

1. Sample: T-Test

A. The two variables used in the T-Test analysis are measured as Dichotomous.

B. Descriptive statistics for the T-Test analysis can be seen in Table 2 and Table 3.

Table 2:

Frequencies: T-Test

n (%)

Agree or Disagree On Birth Control

Agree

Disagree

886 (54.8%)

731 (45.2%)

Table 3:

Descriptive: T-Test

Number Of

Children

(n)

Mean

SD

3555

1.95

1.701

C. The total sample for the T-Test analysis is N= 3559. Of this sample, a little more

than half of the people (54.8%) agreed in taking birth control as a teen from ages

14-16 and the other percentage (45.2%) disagreed in giving teens ages 14-16 birth

control. There was 3559 respondents to whether or not they agreed or disagreed

to taking birth control at the age 14-16, but only 3555 respondents to how many

children they had, so there was 4 unknown.

D. Our sample could be representative of English and Spanish speaking adults 18

and over living in households in the United States.

E. This sample is also not generalizable to those who do not have a phone, were not

available after 3 p.m., or residents of institutions and group quarters as they were

not surveyed.

This sample is also not generalizable to households outside the U.S. because

only those outside the US were not surveyed, however this survey is

administered in 57 nations and could be used to make cross-national

comparisons.

However, those with mental and/or physical disability who live in the surveyed

households are included so the sample could be generalizable to this particular

population.

2. Bivariate Analysis: T-Test

A. The research question for this analysis is: Is there a relationship between giving birth

control to a teenager ages 14-16 and the number of children they end up having?

The null hypothesis is: There is not a relationship between giving birth control to an teen

and the number of children they end up having.

The alternative hypothesis is: There is a relationship between giving birth control to an

teen and the number of children they end up having.

B. In order to answer the research question, a descriptive and frequency was run to

determine the T-Test Statistics.

C. A T-Test was performed to assess the relationship between giving birth control to

teenagers ages 14-16 and the number of children they end up having. There was a

significant difference in the scores for whether you agree (IV Group 1) (M= 1.86, SD=

1.674) and disagree (IV Group 2) (M= 2.15, SD 1.719); t(1614)= -3.439, p= .001.

Therefore, because there was a significant difference between those who agree and

disagree, we will reject the null hypothesis. These results confirm that whether you agree

with using birth control from the ages 14-16, it relates to the amount of children you

have.

D. If you agree to taking birth control as a teen ages 14-16 or giving birth control to a

teen ages 14-16, it does relate to the amount of children you have. By taking birth control

at these ages, it affects the amount of children you have.

3. Implications

These findings are relevant because the relationships between taking birth control at the

age of 14-16 and the amount of children you have is related. It is confirmed that the

amount of those who agree in taking or giving birth control to teens ages 14-16 relates to

the amount of kids you have.

Further research could be to specify whether or not if the adult is agreeing that it is okay

to give birth control to teens and that it has something to do with the amount of kids they

personally have or the amount of kids that the teen has with taking birth control. A little

more information on the two variables would be better to determine more information.

This analysis confirms that there is a relationship between the two variables, but there

could be further research done on this to determine if the two variables could be

perceived in a different way.

A. The two variables used in the Pearson R (Correlation) analysis are measured at

the Interval and Ratio level.

B. Descriptive statistics for the Correlation analysis can be seen in Table 4.

Table 4:

Descriptive: Correlation

(n)

Mean

SD

Number Of

Children

3555

1.95

1.701

Number of

Siblings

3555

3.64

3.185

C. The total sample for the Correlation analysis is N=3555. Of this sample, there

were 9 groups based on how many children you have and there were 27 groups

based on how many siblings you have. Majority of people have either no children

at all (25.3%) or have 2 children (26.5%). The rest of people either have 1 child,

or 3-7 children, or 8 or more. Then the amount of siblings these people have

varies from no siblings to 55 siblings. The majority of these people have 2

siblings (20.3%) or they have 1 sibling (19.9%). The remaining people have about

3-8 siblings, and then there are very few that have more than 10 siblings.

D. Our sample could be representative of English and Spanish speaking adults 18

and over living in households in the United States.

E. This sample is also not generalizable to those who do not have a phone, were not

available after 3 p.m., or residents of institutions and group quarters as they were

not surveyed.

This sample is also not generalizable to households outside the U.S. because

only those outside the US were not surveyed, however this survey is

administered in 57 nations and could be used to make cross-national

comparisons.

However, those with mental and/or physical disability who live in the surveyed

households are included so the sample could be generalizable to this particular

population.

A. The research question for this analysis is: Is there a relationship between the number

of siblings you have and the number of children you have?

The null hypothesis is: There is not a relationship between the number of siblings you

have and the number of children you have.

The alternative hypothesis is: There is a relationship between the number of siblings you

have and the number of children you have.

B. In order to answer the research question, a descriptive was run to determine the

correlation statistic.

C. A Correlation was performed to assess the relationship between the number of siblings

you have and the number of children you have. There was a correlation between the two

variables, r= .217, n= 3555, p= .000. Therefore because there was a significant

relationship, we will reject the null hypothesis. Overall, there is a correlation between the

amount of siblings you have and the amount of children you have.

D. This study determines that the amount of brothers and sisters you have, does affect the

amount of children you have. The more siblings you have, the more kids you may have,

and the fewer amounts of siblings you have the less kids you may have. It may also be

viewed that the more siblings you have the fewer kids you have or the fewer siblings you

have the more children you have.

3. Implications

These findings are relevant because the relationship between the amounts of siblings you

have and the amount of children you have is related. It is confirmed that the amount of

siblings you have could effect having more or less children than that amount. These

findings indicate that if you have more siblings you may have more kids or less kids and

the fewer siblings you have the more or less kids you end up having.

These findings could result in further research because it is unknown if the person who

has a lot of siblings, is the one who has a lot of children. The person may have a lot of

siblings and want their children to have more siblings like they did, or they may not want

a big family so they have less children than what their parents had. It is unaware which

people have more kids and more siblings. If a person has more siblings, it could easily be

assumed that they are the ones who have more children, when it could be the opposite

way.

This analysis confirms that there is a relationship between these two variables, but with

this being proven, there could be further research done on the amount of siblings and

children and if they are shown to be higher that the amounts are similar to each other or if

they are opposites from each other.

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