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CALCULATION FOR AL BUS BAR SUITABLE FOR 50KA FAULT LEVEL

PARAMETERS
Size of Aluminium Bus Bar Proposed
Site Ambient Temperature
Rise in Temperature allowed
Final Temperature Permitted
Fault current

A.

1x125x6 mm
o
45 C
o
40 C
85oC
50 kA

MINIMUM CONDUCTOR SIZE


Area of cross section
2
t = (k/100) ( Isc/A) (1+ 20 . ) .t
( Ref: Industrial Power Engineering and application
Handbook page no. 999)
t= temperature rise above operating temp. in deg. C
Isc= symmetrical fault current in r.m.s in Amps.
2
A= cross sectional area of conductor in mm
20= temperature coefficient of resistence at 20 deg C/deg C
0.00363 for Aluminium alloy & 0.00403 for pure Alluminium
= operating temperature of the conductor at which the fault occurs
k= 1.166 for aluminium and 0.52 for copper
t= duration of fault in seconds
Final temp. allowed for busbar after short circuit is 185 deg C
By putting all values in the above equation
2
100 = (1.166/100) ( 50000/A) (1+ 0.00403 x 85) x 1
A= 625.6 mm2

Considering 6mm thickness for Aluminium flat for Main horizontal bus bar , we have provided
125x6mm size. For vetical droppers minimum cross section 625sq. mm shall be provided.

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