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Lab.

03
Study of polynomial and Partial fractions
Introduction
Improper fraction:
When the degree of denominator is greater or equal to degree of
numerator is called improper fraction.
Partial fraction:
Partial fraction is used to solve the improper fractions.
Order:
Highest degree of variable in a polynomial equation.
Operations:
1. 2nd Order polynomial equation:
A=[1 5 6];
B=roots(A)
Ans=
B=
-3.0000
-2.0000

2. 3rd order polynomial equation:


c= [1 2 -1 -2]
d=roots(c)
Ans=
d=
1.0000
-2.0000
-1.0000
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING 2012

MNS UET MULTAN

Reg. No: 2012-EE-727

Page 13

3. Matrix to polynomial:
E=[1 2 3; 4 5 6;7 8 9]
F=poly(E)
G=roots(F)
Ans=
E= 1 2 3
4 5 6
7 8 9
F=
1.0000 -15.0000 -18.0000 -0.0000
G=
16.1168
-1.1168
-0.0000

4. Find partial fraction& Roots of 2nd order


b(s)/a(s)=[3x2+x-3]/[2x2+x-4]
b=[3 1 -3]
a=[2 1 -4]
[r, p, k]=residue(b,a)
[b,a]=residue(r,p,k)
Ans=
b=
3 1 -3
a=
2 1 -4
r=
-0.6690
0.4190
p=
-1.6861
1.1861
k=
1.5000
b=
1.5000 0.5000 -1.5000
a=
1.0000 0.5000 -2.0000
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING 2012

MNS UET MULTAN

Reg. No: 2012-EE-727

Page 14

Example 2: find partial fraction& Roots of following equation:


b(s)/a(s)=[2x3-5x2-x+5]/[x2-1]
b=[2 -5 -1 5]
c=[1 0 -1]
[r, p, k]=residue(b,c)
[b,c]=residue(r,p,k)
Ans=
B=
2 -5 -1 5
C=
1 0 -1
r=
0.5000
0.5000
p=
-1
1
k=
2 -5
B=
2 -5 -1 5
C=
1 0 -1

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING 2012

MNS UET MULTAN

Reg. No: 2012-EE-727

Page 15