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Algebra 1 B

Semester Exam Review

Algebra 1 B
Semester Exam Review
2015

MCPS 20142015

Algebra 1 B

Semester Exam Review

Residual: Difference between the observed (actual) value and the predicted (line of fit) value

Slope-Intercept Form of a linear function: f x mx b

Forms of quadratic functions:


2

Vertex Form: f x a x h k
Standard Form: f x ax 2 bx c
Factored Form: f x x d x e

Quadratic Formula: If ax 2 bx c 0, then x

b b 2 4ac
2a

Zero-Product Property: If a b 0 , then a 0 or b 0

Pythagorean Theorem:
In a right triangle, a 2 b 2 c 2 , where a and b are the lengths of the legs, and c is the
length of the hypotenuse.

Distance between two points x1, y1 and x2 , y2 :

x2 x1 2 y2 y1 2

Slope of a line containing two points x1, y1 and x2 , y2 :

MCPS

y2 y1
x2 x1

Page 1

Algebra 1 B

Semester Exam Review

Unit 3

1.

Ms. Tran looks at the scores on her first Algebra 1 test. They are listed below:
99, 45, 88, 68, 77, 73, 81, 76, 66, 79, 81, 74, 81, 41, 91, 94, 68

She cannot decide how to display these scores, so she makes two different displays.
a.

Make a box plot of the data.

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

Test Scores
b.

Make a histogram of the data. Use the intervals shown for your display.

Frequency

5
4
3
2
1
0-9

10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80-89 90-99

Test Scores
c.

MCPS

Use your displays to describe the data. You should use measures of central
tendency, variability and distribution in your description.

Page 2

Algebra 1 B

2.

Semester Exam Review

The following box plots show the distributions of test scores for two math classes.

a.

From the list below, circle which ones you can NOT determine from the box
plots.

median

mean

range

quartiles

distribution (skewness)

interquartile range

individual scores

the number of test scores

b.

Based on what you know about box plots, which class performed better on the
test? Give at least two reasons for your answer.

c.

Which data set has greater variability? Justify your answer.

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Page 3

Algebra 1 B

3.

Semester Exam Review

Look at a scatterplot and the line of best fit below.


y
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

10

x
A residual for a value of x is the difference between the observed (actual) value of y and
the predicted (line of fit) value of y.

a.

What is the residual when x 3 ?

b.

What is the residual when x 6 ?

c.

What is the residual when x 9 ?

a.

In the 1980s it was found that the correlation coefficient between the amount of
ice cream sold and the number of crimes in New York City was r 0.97 . Does
this mean that an increase in ice cream sales causes an increase in the number of
crimes? Explain your reasoning.

b.

Give another example of two variables that might have a high correlation
coefficient, but the change in one of the variables does NOT cause a change in the
other.

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Page 4

4.

Algebra 1 B

Sammy is interested in the number of visitors that will come to the beach as a function of
the temperature. Below is the data and a scatterplot that Sammy has collected.

Temperature Visitors
V t
(t )
82
2801
84
2861
86
3000
86
3060
87
3121
88
3151
89
3226
92
3150
94
3221
94
3302
96
3269

AttheBeach
3400
3300
3200
Visitors

5.

Semester Exam Review

3100
3000
2900
2800
2700
80

82

84

86

88

90

92

94

96

TemperatureoF

a.

What is the relationship between the temperature and the number of visitors to the
beach?

b.

Circle the value that best describes the value of r, the linear correlation
coefficient. Justify your answer.

r 1

r .89

r .76

r .05

This item continues on the next page.


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Page 5

98

Algebra 1 B

Semester Exam Review

Continuation of item 5 from the previous page.


Here are the results of finding the line of best fit on a calculator.
LinReg
y = ax + b
a = 32
b = 256
r = .8944
c.

From the information above, write the equation of the line of best fit.

d.

What is the slope of the line of best fit? What is its meaning in the context of this
situation?

e.

What is the y-intercept of the line of best fit? What is its meaning in the context
of this situation?

f.

What does your line of best fit predict for a temperature of 88 degrees?

g.

What is the residual at a temperature of 88 degrees?

(Residual: Difference between the observed (actual) value and the predicted (regression) value)

h.

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According to the line of best fit, at what temperature will there be no visitors at
the beach? Explain how you determined your answer.

Page 6

Algebra 1 B

6.

Semester Exam Review

A carnival game kept track of the ages and what type of prize, if any, that people won at
the game. The results are shown in the table below.

No Prize
Small Prize
Big Prize
Total

Children
24
18
8
50

Adults
56
82
12
150

Total
80
100
20
200

a.

Of the children who played, what fraction won a big prize?

b.

What fraction of the small prize winners were adults?

c.

What fraction of the total number of players were children?

d.

The percent of children who won a small prize was (less than/equal to/greater
than) the percent of adults who won no prize.

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Page 7

Algebra 1 B

7.

Semester Exam Review

Montgomery County middle and high school students were asked if school should
start later in the day. Here is some information about the responses.

Yes
Middle School
High School

No

Total

225

250

30

Total

350

a.

Complete the table.

b.

What fraction of high school students said yes?

c.

Of the students who said no, what fraction were middle school students?

d.

Of all of the students, what fraction were high school students who said no?

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Page 8

Algebra 1 B

Semester Exam Review

Unit 4, Topic 1

For items 8 through 10, classify each function below as linear, exponential, or quadratic. Justify
your answers.
8.

9.

10.

1
2
3
4

2
5
8
11

1
2
3
4

2
5
10
17

1
2
3
4

2
4
8
16

11.

A rectangle has a length that is 6 inches longer than its width. If w represents the width,
write an expression, in terms of w, for the area of the rectangle.

12.

A rectangle has a length that is 4 inches shorter than its width. If w represents the width,
write an expression, in terms of w, for the area of the rectangle.

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Page 9

Algebra 1 B

Semester Exam Review

For items 13 through 15, a function of time is given. In each item, determine the average rate of
change on the given interval. Give the units for your answer.
13.
Time (seconds) Distance (feet)
0
0
1
5
2
20
3
45
4
80
5
125

14.

Average speed on the interval


2t 5:

Units:

y
50

Number of Bacteria

45

Average rate of bacteria growth on


the interval 1 t 6 :

40
35
30
25
20

Units:

15
10
5
0

10 x

Time (hours)

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Page 10

Algebra 1 B

15.

Semester Exam Review

d t 500t t 2
t in minutes, d t in kilometers

Average speed on the interval


0t 4:

Units:

16.

The number of weeds on a lawn can be written as the function W d 25d 60 , where
d represents the number of days since spring started.

a.

Is the rate of change of this function constant? Explain your answer.

b.

What is the rate of change?

c.

What are the units for the rate of change?

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Page 11

Algebra 1 B

17.

Semester Exam Review

Jack is inventing a variation on bowling. Here are the first four rows of pins.

1 row

2 rows

3 rows

4 rows

Let P r represent the total number of pins in r rows.


a.

Complete the table based on the total number of pins.


Number of
Rows
( r)

Total Number of
Pins
P r

1
2
3
4
5
6

2
5

b.

What type of function is represented by the table above?

c.

Explain why you chose that type of function.

d.

Write a function for P r .

e.

Jack decides that he will have 12 rows of pins. What is the total number of pins
that he will need?

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Page 12

Algebra 1 B

18.

Semester Exam Review

Look at the pattern of dots below.

Figure 1

Figure 2

Figure 3

Figure 4

Let D n be a function that represents the number of dots in figure number n.


a.

Complete the table below.


Figure number (n)

Number of Dots D n

1
2
3
4
5
6
b.

3
8

Which type of function: linear, quadratic, or exponential, is represented by D n ?


Give a reason for your answer.

c.

Write the function rule for D n .

d.

How many dots will be in Figure 9? Show how you determined your answer.

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Page 13

Algebra 1 B

Semester Exam Review

Unit 4, Topic 2

In the table below, a square is shown in the first column. The second column tells what change
is made to the length of each side of the square. In the third column, write the AREA of the new
square in two different ways.
Original Square

Change to each side of the


original square
Add 3

19.

AREA of the NEW square,


written in two different ways

20.

Subtract 7
x

21.

Multiply by 4
x

22.

Multiply by 2, then add 5


x

For items 23 through 25, fill in the number that completes the square.
23.

x 2 6 x ____

24.

x 2 12 x ____

25.

x 2 7 x ____

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Page 14

Algebra 1 B

26.

Semester Exam Review

The graph below represents y x 2 .


y

Look at the graphs, labeled I, II, III, and IV below.


y

II

IV

III

Match the equations listed below with the graphs I, II, III, and IV above.
a.

1
______ y x 2
3

b.

______ y 4 x 2

c.

______ y 5 x 2

d.

______ y

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1 2
x
2

Page 15

Algebra 1 B

Semester Exam Review

For items 27 through 31, write the function in the form(s) requested.
27.

y
Vertex Form:
f x

Factored Form:

f x

Standard Form:
f x

Vertex Form:

28.

A quadratic parent function f x x whose

g x

graph is translated to the right 4 units and up 5 units

Standard Form:
g x

29.

f x

5
4
3
2
1

0
3
4
3
0

Vertex Form:
f x

Factored Form:
f x

Standard Form:
f x

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Page 16

Algebra 1 B

Semester Exam Review

Factored Form:

f x x2 6 x 7

30.

f x

31.

Standard Form:

f x

x
2
1
0
1
2

f x

40
10
0
10
40

For items 32 and 33, sketch the graph of the function, then give the information requested.
32.

f x x2 4 x 5 y
Vertex:
Line of Symmetry:
x-intercepts:
y-intercept:
Domain:
O

Range:
Interval on which f x is increasing:
Interval on which f x is decreasing:

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Page 17

Algebra 1 B

33.

Semester Exam Review


2

f x 2 x 3 8

y
Vertex:
Line of Symmetry:
x-intercepts:
y-intercept:
Domain:

Range:
Interval on which f x is increasing:
Interval on which f x is decreasing:

For items 34 through 37, add or subtract as indicated.


34.

3x2 4 x 7 7 x2 3x 12

35.

2 x2 5x 9 4 x2 7 x 12

36.

x2 4 x 11 8x2 11x 15

37.

4 x2 9 x 12 2 x2 9 x 11

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Page 18

Algebra 1 B

Semester Exam Review

For items 38 through 43, multiply as indicated.


38.

2 x 5 4 x 7

39.

3x 2 x 9

40.

2 x 32

41.

5 x 32

42.

x 7 x 7

43.

3x 5 3x 5

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Page 19

Algebra 1 B

Semester Exam Review

For each rectangle below, determine the perimeter and the area. The area should be written as a
trinomial.
44.

3x 2

45.

2x 5

7x 3
7x 3

Perimeter ___________________

Perimeter ______________________

Area as a trinomial _______________________

Area as a trinomial ____________________

Factor.
46.

x 2 8 x 20

47.

x 2 16 x 60

48.

x 2 36

49.

x 2 121

50.

3x 2 5 x 2

51.

2 x 2 10 x 12

52.

3x 2 21x 36

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Page 20

Algebra 1 B

Semester Exam Review

Unit 4, Topic 3

For items 53 through 55, use your calculator to graph the function, then state the number of real
zeros.
53.

f x 6 x2

54.

f x x2 x 5

55.

f x x2 2 x 1

56.

Jack kicked a football. The height, h t in feet, of the ball after t seconds is given by the
quadratic function h t 16t 2 64t .
a.

After how many seconds does the ball hit the ground? Show how you determined
your answer.

b.

Does the ball reach its maximum height at t 2 seconds? Show how you
determined your answer.

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Page 21

Algebra 1 B

57.

Semester Exam Review

An animal makes a leap into the air. A function for the height h t , in meters, of the
animal above the ground after t seconds is given by h t 5t 2 12.5t .
a.

How long is the animal in the air? Show how you determined your answer.

b.

What is the animals maximum height? Show how you determined your answer.

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Page 22

Algebra 1 B

58.

Semester Exam Review

In your own words, what is the zero-product property?

For items 59 through 64, solve the equation using any method.
59.

x 7 2 81

60.

x 5 3x 2 0

61.

7 x2 8x 1 0

62.

x 2 10 x 1 0

63.

x 2 6 x 8

64.

x2 7 9

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Page 23

Algebra 1 B

65.

Semester Exam Review

A farmer plants apple trees. The total number of apples can be represented by the
function A t 300t 5t 2 , where t is the number of trees that he plants.
a.

Sketch the graph of A t 300t 5t 2 on the coordinate plane below. Show the
points where t 0,10, 20,30, 40,50, 60 .
A t
5000

4500
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
0

b.

10

20 30

40

50 60

70

80

90

The farmer wants to be able to harvest at least 4000 apples.


Use your graph above to solve the inequality 300t 5t 2 4000 .

c.

MCPS

What is the meaning of your solution in the context of this situation?

Page 24

Algebra 1 B

66.

Semester Exam Review

The equations y x 2 4 x 5 and y 7 are graphed on the coordinate plane below.


y

a.

What are the solutions to the equation x 2 4 x 5 7 ?

b.

What are the solutions to the inequality x 2 4 x 5 7 ?

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Page 25

Algebra 1 B

Semester Exam Review

For items 67 and 68, determine the side of the right triangle marked x.
67.

68.
10

5
12

On the coordinate plane below, three line segments are shown, with their coordinates.
y
2,9

6,3
O

7, 2

For items 69 and 70, find the distance between each pair of points.
69.

7, 2

and 6,3

70.

6,3

and 2,9

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Page 26

Algebra 1 B

Semester Exam Review

Unit 5

71.

Which graph below represents the function f x x 3 ?

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Page 27

Algebra 1 B

72.

Semester Exam Review

Jill takes a Sunday drive in her car. She drives at an average speed of 50 miles per hour
for 3 hours. She takes a dinner break for 2 hours. After dinner, she travels at an average
speed of 25 miles per hour for the next 4 hours.

Let t represent the number of hours since she started. Let D t represent the total distance that
she has travelled after t hours.
a.

What is the domain of t?

b.

Sketch a graph of D t on the coordinate axes below.


250
225
200
175
150
125
100
75
50
25
0

10

c.

Write a piecewise function for D t .

d.

What was Jills average speed on the interval 0 t 9 ? Show how you
determined your answer.

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Page 28

Algebra 1 B

73.

Semester Exam Review

Bob uses sugar to make candy. Beginning at noon t 0 , he uses sugar at the rate of
100 pounds per hour. At 3 p.m., t 3 , he starts using sugar at the rate of 50 pounds per
hour. He stops making candy at 7 p.m. t 7 .
Let t represent the number of hours since noon. Let S t represent the total amount of
sugar that Bob has used after t hours.
a.

Between noon and 7 p.m., what is the total amount of sugar that Bob uses?

b.

On the coordinate graph below, make a continuous graph, showing the total
amount of sugar S t that Bob uses as a function of t.

500
450
400
350
5
300
250
200
150
100
50
0

c.

Complete the piecewise function for the total amount of sugar that Bob uses.
_______________ if 0 t 3
D t
_______________ if 3 t 7

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Page 29

Algebra 1 B

74.

75.

Semester Exam Review

Which statement is true about the function f x x ?


A.

Both the domain and range is all real numbers.

B.

Both the domain and range is all real numbers greater than or equal to zero.

C.

The domain is all real numbers; the range is all real numbers greater than or equal
to zero.

D.

The domain is all real numbers greater than or equal to zero; the range is all real
numbers.

Look at the graphs of f x x and g x x below.


y

y
g x x

f x x

Which of the following statements is true?


A.

For every value of x, x x .

B.

For every value of x, x x .

C.

If x is an integer, x x , otherwise x x .

D.

If x is an integer, x x , otherwise x x .

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Page 30

Algebra 1 B

Semester Exam Review

For items 76 through 78, sketch the graph of each function

76.

if x 4
3

f x 2 x 1 if 4 x 3
5
if x 3

78.

77.

g x x 1
y

h x 3 x 2
y

For items 79 through 81, evaluate f 1.6


79.

f x x

80.

f x x

81.

3 x 6.4, if x 2
f x
x 2.4, if x 2

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Page 31