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ChildlabourSimpleEnglishWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

Childlabour
FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

Childlabourmeansthatchildrenareforcedto
worklikeadultsandtakepartinaneconomic
activity.AccordingtotheILOInternational
LabourOrganizationthisisappliedtopeople
uptoagefifteen,orseventeenincaseof
dangerouswork.Eventhoughonlyabouta
fourthoftheILOmembershaveratifiedthe
respectiveconvention,thisagelimitis
generallyaccepted.[3]
Childlabourreferstotheemploymentof
childreninanyworkthatdepriveschildrenof
theirchildhood,interfereswiththeirabilityto
attendregularschool,andthatismentally,
physically,sociallyormorallydangerousand
harmful.

Younggirlsworkinginabrickfactory

Childlaborisfundamentallydifferentfromcasualwork
donebychildren,likeguardingotherchildren,or
helpinghereandthere.Childlabourisforbiddenin
mostcountries.
Therearetwokindsofworkthatminorscando:
1. Someworktheydoisacceptable,asitisonly
light,oreasytodo.Childrencanalsodoitwhile
theyarewellintegratedintothefamily.This
kindofworkcanbedoneinadditiontoan
educationthechildrenaregetting.
2. Theotherkindofworkisdifficulttodo,oritis
physicallyexhausting.Itmaybedangerous,the
childrenmayberequiredtoworkforlonghours
andinhumiliatingclothing.

Childworkinginamine,early19thcentury
England.
Lawsonchildlabour,theFactoryActs,were
passedinBritaininthe19thcentury.Children
youngerthanninewerenotallowedtowork,
thoseaged916couldwork16hoursperday:
CottonMillsAct.In1856,thelawpermitted
childlabourpastage9,for60hoursperweek,
nightorday.In1901,thechildlabouragewas

Ingeneralthesecondkindofworkisusuallylabelled
childlabour.Estimatesarethatupto350million
childrenareaffectedbychildlabour,eightmillionof
raisedto12. [1][2]
theseareaffectedbyoneoftheworstformsofchild
labour:theyarechildsoldiers,theyareforcedinto
prostitution,theyareusedforchildpornography,theyarechildslaves,oraffectedbyhumantrafficking.
TherearemanyprejudicesagainstchildlaborintheWesternworld:Veryoftensuchcasesareknown
throughscandalsmadebythemassmedia:Inthatmanner,aworkingchildisoftenseenasaslave,
workinginasweatshopinathirdworldcountry,producingtextiles,orasoneofthestreetchildrenin
SouthAmerica.Therealityisdifferentthough:Suchshopsexistallovertheworld,alsoincountrieslike
theUnitedStatesorItaly.Thefactthatchildlabourisinvolvedisoftenhidden:Morethanthreequarters
ofthisworkisdoneinthesectorofagriculture,orithastodowithactivitiesdoneathome,inthe

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04/04/2015

ChildlabourSimpleEnglishWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

contextofthefamily.Ifchildslavesexist,theyareonlyaminority.Thisformofworkdonebychildren
alsoexistedbeforeindustrialisationandglobalisation,thetwophenomenahavemadeitmorevisible,at
best.[4]

References
1. ThelifeoftheindustrialworkerinnineteenthcenturyEngland
(http://www.victorianweb.org/history/workers1.html).LauraDelCol,WestVirginiaUniversity.
2. TheFactoryandWorkshopAct1901
(http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2507680/pdf/brmedj085400099.pdf)
3. BasuK.1999.Childlabor:cause,consequence,andcure,withremarksonInternationalLaborStandards.
JournalofEconomicLiterature,37,pp.10831119.(http://www.fordham.edu/economics/mcleod/Basu99
Child1.pdf)
4. CarolBellamy,ExecutiveDirector(2011)."UNICEFStateoftheWorld'sChildren1997"
(http://www.unicef.org/sowc97/).OxfordUniversityPressforUNICEF.http://www.unicef.org/sowc97/.
Retrieved26August2013.

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Category: Childabuse
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