Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 14

Chapter 7:

Electricity

Part 3: Series and Parallel

Circuits

Series Circuits
s
r
o
t
s
i
s
e
r
e
r
o
m
r
o
o
w
t
When
Connected one
end after
another
To form a single path for
current flow

Series Circuits
m
o
r
f
e
c
n
e
r
e
f
i
d
l
a
i
t
n
Pote
d
e
r
a
h
s
s
i
y
r
e
t
t
a
b
e
h
t

Therefore each bulb glows

dimly

Series Circuits
s
i
b
l
u
b
h
c
a
e
f
o
w
o
f
Current
s am e

Therefore brightness of
each bulb is the same

Series Circuits
n
e
h
w
n
e
k
o
r
b
s
i
t
i
u
c
r
i
The c
ed
v
o
m
e
r
s
i
one bulb

And the other bulbs go out

as well

Parallel
Circuits

e
r
a
s
t
n
e
n
All compo
connected

With their
corresponding
ends
joined togethe
r
To form separate and
parallel paths for
current flow

Parallel
Circuits

Each bulb is connected

directly to the battery

glows
brightly

Because each bulb gets

the full potential
difference

Parallel
Circuits

a higher
brightness

series circuit

Parallel
Circuits

The circuit remains

unbroken

If one bulb is re
moved

So the other two bulbs

will remain to work

Current
Series Circuit

Parallel
Circuit

A1

X
3

A1

A2

Current has only one path to

flow
A2
Same current flows through
each resistors

A2

Current splits into different

paths
+ A2
Main current is shared
between the two resistors

Compare the Circuits Potential

Difference
Series Circuit
X

V1

V2
V

+ V2
Potential Difference is shared
by the two resistors

Parallel
Circuit
V1
X

V2
V2
Potential difference is the
same across each resistor

Compare the
Circuits

Series Circuit

Parallel
Circuit

able to light up

up

Compare the
Circuits

Series Circuit

Parallel
Circuit

Dimmer bulbs

Brighter bulbs

Higher voltage across each

bulb
Larger current pass through
each bulb

Less current pass through

each bulb

Determining Effective
Resistance

Series Circuit
I

I1

I2

I3

Parallel
Circuit

V1

V2

V3

R
1

I1

V1

R
2

I2
I

Current

Potential
Differenc
e
Resistan
ce

V2

R
3

I3

V3