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1) What are the main differences between RHEL4 & RHEL5?

difference between RHEL 4 and RHEL 5
1)In RHEL 4 SELinux Block only 13 services, But on RHEL 5
SElinux Block 80 services
2) RHEL 4 have ext2 filesystem, but RHEL 5 we have ext3
filesystem That support Journal
3)RHEL 4 have no virtualization Feature, but in RHEL 5 we
have virtualization with Hypervisor-V
4)In RHEL 4 we have no Yum, But in RHEL 5 we have Yum available

any many more....... need more time to describe it


rhel4 rhel5
no yum server yum server
selinux Advanced selinux
secure more secure
no cdkey cd key
--- virtualization
mim 256 mb ram 512 ram
--- better support for
Red Hat Directory

Ext4 (on latest version)

2. What is the difference between Telnet and SSH?

Answer: SSH using PORT 22 and telnet using Port 23

ssh is a secured shell, where telnet is not a secured
one.when you ssh to trasnfer data between a system, the data
will be send in the encrypted form, where the hacker cannot
encode or decode it. While you telnet,the data send between
the system is alphabetical format(ASCII), where every one
can understand. More over as per network security, telnet
and ftp are prohibited. Always, trust SSL based data transfer.

How to recover a deleted file in linux ?

Determine the partition in which the file you wish to
recover was located by using the command pwd (present work
and unmount the current directory by using the command
umount. Use the "debugfs" command. The "debugfs" command is
used to handle most major errors and bugs that can occur in
Linux by using #debugfs /usr/directory name.Use the "lsdel"
once you have begun the debug of the file system.Recover
those files you wish to undelete and take backup of that file

What is the difference between home directory and working directory?

home directory is one over which user have complete control
and it is its default working directory when its logs in.
while the working directory is the users current directory
which may or may not be his home directory.

What is the minimum number of partitions you need to install Linux?

Well in my opinion is case if minimum nukber of partition is
asked then better answer would be
You can install linux with minimum of three partitions.

Tell me the 5 differences between Linux and Unix?

Unix and Linux
1. UNIX is very old and Linux is based on it
2. Linux is a good desktop OS while UNIX lacks the user
friendliness needed for general computing
3. UNIX is intended for mainframes and high end computers
and cannot run on mos PCs while Linux can go from mainframes
down to low end personal computers
4. UNIX is proprietary while Linux is shared using the
Licensing of the GNU
5.Linux file system is ext3
6.Selinux enabled on linux
7. linux using advanced file editor like vim

How do i check which nfs version I am using ????????

rpm -qa | grep nfs
How to check all open ports on linux machine and block unsed ports???????? Answer
#netstat -tulp
#netstat -tulpn
to verfy the open ports

How can you see all mounted drives? Answer

mount -l
is the perfect answer, as this commands lists all the
mounted drive / partitions in the system ( temperory or
permenent), here root / user may have mounted / unmounted
some other partitions

fstab gives us the information that which partitions has to

be mounted whenever the system starts.

what restrict telnet for root itself but allow for other user Answer
vi /etc/pam.d/login

auth required pam_securetty.so== 1st line

should be placed as required.if we change the option as
sufficient instead of required telnet can login as "root".

tell me some of the Linux HotKeys do you know? Answer

alt+f1 for application menu
ctl+l to clear screen
alt+f2 to open run application window
alt+f3 for find
alt+f4 to close application
alt+f9 to minimise window

How to trace any process background processing? Answer

ps -aux
what is difference between $@ and $* in UNIX Shell script Answer
In a shell script :

$@: each quoated string treated as a separate argument

while gving at command line.

$*: stores the complete set of positional parameters as a

single stri