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Reinforced Concrete Design

Using the Ultimate Limit Design Method


Ver. 5.6

by
Eng. Mahmoud M. El-Kateb
Structural Engineering Dept.
Faculty of Engineering - Ain Shams University

* Calculation of coefficients
* Design of slabs
* Design of flat slabs
* Design of beams
* Design of sections under M,N
* Check shear in beams
* Design for torsion
* Design of rectangular columns
* Design of circular columns
* Design of isolated footings
* Design of isolated footings under moment
* Design of combined footings
* Design of strap footings
* Design of retaining walls
* Deflection of cantilevers
* Deflection of simples

Concrete design according to the Egyptian code 1995.

* Calculation of Coeffecients
* Project :
Hollow Slabs:

Area
1
2
3
4
5

Web breadth

Spacing

Thick

b (cm)
12
12
12
12
12

e (cm)
40
40
40
40
40

t (cm)
32
27
30
32
32

Slab th
ts (cm)
7
7
5
7
7

F.C

L.L

(kg/m )
150
150
150
150
150
2

(kg/m )
200
200
200
200
200
2

One way
Wu (t/m`)

Two way
Wu (t/m2)

1.237
1.129
1.169
1.237
1.237

1.385
1.250
1.318
1.385
1.385

Marcus

Grashoff

Slabs:
Area
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Long span
Span (m)
contin.
5
1
5
1
5
1
5
1
5
1
5
1
5
1
5
1
5
1
5
1

Short span
Span (m) contin.
4
1
4
1
4
1
4
1
4
1
4
1
4
1
4
1
4
1
4
1

Code of practice

0.475
0.475
0.475
0.475
0.475
0.475
0.475
0.475
0.475
0.475

0.224
0.224
0.224
0.224
0.224
0.224
0.224
0.224
0.224
0.224

0.568
0.568
0.568
0.568
0.568
0.568
0.568
0.568
0.568
0.568

0.232
0.232
0.232
0.232
0.232
0.232
0.232
0.232
0.232
0.232

0.709
0.709
0.709
0.709
0.709
0.709
0.709
0.709
0.709
0.709

Beams:
Area
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Load on
slab (t/m2)
0.85
0.85
0.85
0.85
0.85
0.85
0.85
0.85
0.85
0.85

Long
Short
span (m) span (m)
5
4
5
4
5
4
5
4
5
4
5
4
5
4
5
4
5
4
5
4

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

Load coeff.
shear moment
0.600
0.787
0.600
0.787
0.600
0.787
0.600
0.787
0.600
0.787
0.600
0.787
0.600
0.787
0.600
0.787
0.600
0.787
0.600
0.787

Load distribution for


shear (t/m`)
moment (t/m`)
1.020
1.337
1.020
1.337
1.020
1.337
1.020
1.337
1.020
1.337
1.020
1.337
1.020
1.337
1.020
1.337
1.020
1.337
1.020
1.337

0.291
0.291
0.291
0.291
0.291
0.291
0.291
0.291
0.291
0.291

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Slabs
* Project :

Concrete Fcu =

250

kg/cm2

Steel

4000

kg/cm2

Fy =

Sec.

Ult. Moment
Mu (m.t)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

Breadth Depth
b (cm)
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

d (cm)
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

C1

4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243
4.243

0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812
0.812

As
(cm2)
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13

Asmin Used
(cm2)
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80

As
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13
5.13

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

Rft. /m

Notes

safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

33
34

2
2

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

100
100

12
12

4.243
4.243

0.812
0.812

5.13
5.13

1.80
1.80

5.13
5.13

5
5

12
12

safe
safe

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Flat Slab


* Project :

Concrete Fcu =

225

kg/cm2

Steel

3600

kg/cm2

Fy =

Module:
Long direction
Marginal beams: 1)Yes 2)No
1
Column dim.:
Long direction
Slab thickness:
18
cm
Live load:
Slab load Wsu =

100
1

kg/m2

Long direction
Field strip

Short direction
Column strip

Short direction
Field strip

13

Ult. Moment
Mu (m.t)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

3.50
4.76
3.97
7.14
3.17
3.17
2.38
2.38
2.97
2.97
2.48
4.46
1.98
1.98

55

cm

Short direc.

55

cm

4.76

kg/m2

2.38
2.97

2.475
1.98

4.46
12

1.49

15

1.485

14

2.38

11

10

C1

1.98
Breadth Depth

3.967
3.17

2.97

7.14

3.17

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

Short direc.

Walls load:

4.76

b (cm)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
300
300

t/m2

Long direction
Column strip

Sec.

As

16

Asmin Used

d (cm)
(cm2) (cm2)
18
6.454 0.826 3.27 5.40
18
5.534 0.826 4.45 5.40
18
6.063 0.826 3.71 5.40
18
4.519 0.819 6.72 5.40
18
6.778 0.826 2.96 5.40
18
6.778 0.826 2.96 5.40
18
7.827 0.826 2.22 5.40
18
7.827 0.826 2.22 5.40
18
8.581 0.826 1.85 8.10
18
8.581 0.826 1.85 8.10
18
9.400 0.826 1.54 8.10
18
7.006 0.826 2.77 8.10
18
10.509 0.826 1.23 8.10
18
10.509 0.826 1.23 8.10

As
5.40
5.40
5.40
6.72
5.40
5.40
5.40
5.40
8.10
8.10
8.10
8.10
8.10
8.10

Rft. /m
2
3
2
4
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
3
2
2

Notes
16
16
16
16
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

15
16

1.49
1.49

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

300
300

18
18

12.135 0.826
12.135 0.826

0.92
0.92

8.10
8.10

8.10
8.10

1
1

12
12

safe
safe

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Beams
* Project :

HL AND VL BEAMS OF ARCH SLAB


HAMED HAMED

Concrete Fcu =

250

kg/cm2

Steel

4000

kg/cm2

Fy =

Sec.

Ult. Moment
Mu (m.t)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32

9.9
10.26
2.8
7.7
5.5
7.7
10.91
7.89
15
17.95
19.55
13.6
14.1
3
10.58
8.83
10.58
15.01
10.84
4
24.68
26.88
12
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15

Breadth Comp.fl. Depth


b (cm)
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

B (cm)
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

d (cm)
60
55
55
55
55
55
55
55
55
55
55
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65
55
55
55
55

C1

4.767
4.293
8.217
4.955
5.863
4.955
4.163
4.895
3.550
3.245
3.110
4.406
4.328
9.382
4.996
5.469
4.996
4.194
4.936
8.125
3.271
3.134
4.691
4.196
4.196
4.196
4.196
4.196
3.550
3.550
3.550
3.550

0.825
0.814
0.826
0.826
0.826
0.826
0.810
0.826
0.784
0.765
0.754
0.817
0.815
0.826
0.826
0.826
0.826
0.811
0.826
0.826
0.767
0.756
0.823
0.811
0.811
0.811
0.811
0.811
0.784
0.784
0.784
0.784

Asmin

Used

(cm )
4.13
3.78
2.06
3.78
3.78
3.78
3.78
3.78
3.78
3.78
3.78
4.47
4.47
2.44
4.47
4.47
4.47
4.47
4.47
2.48
4.47
4.47
4.47
4.47
4.47
4.47
4.47
4.47
3.78
3.78
3.78
3.78

As
5.00
5.73
2.06
4.24
3.78
4.24
6.12
4.34
8.69
10.67
11.79
6.41
6.66
2.44
4.93
4.47
4.93
7.12
5.05
2.48
12.38
13.67
5.61
7.12
7.12
7.12
7.12
7.12
8.69
8.69
8.69
8.69

Rft.
3
3
2
3
2
3
4
3
5
6
6
4
4
2
3
3
3
4
3
2
7
7
3
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5

Notes
16
16
13
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16

safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

33
34

15
15

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

25
25

25
25

55
55

3.550
3.550

0.784
0.784

3.78
3.78

8.69
8.69

5
5

16
16

safe
safe

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Sec. under M,N


* Project :

Concrete Fcu =

225

Steel

3600 kg/cm2

Fy =

Sec.

Ult. Moment
Mu (m.t)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15

kg/cm2

Normal Breadth Depth Thick


ecc.
Nu (t) b (cm) d (cm) t (cm)
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big
-20
25
65
70
Big

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

C1

3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364
3.364

0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773
0.773

Asmin Used
(cm2)
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97
4.97

As
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22
5.22

Rft.
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

33
34

15
15

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

-20
-20

25
25

65
65

70
70

Big
Big

3.364 0.773
3.364 0.773

4.97
4.97

5.22
5.22

3
3

16
16

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Check shear in beams


* Project :

Concrete Fcu =

225

kg/cm2

Concrete qall =

9.186 kg/cm2

Stirrups Fy =

2400

Sec.

Ult. Shear
Qu (ton)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

kg/cm2

Breadth Depth
b (cm)
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

qu

d (cm) (kg/cm2)
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23
65
9.23

As

no. of

S
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056
0.056

bran.
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

Stirrups

Notes

safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe
safe

6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

32
33

15
15

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

25
25

65
65

9.23
9.23

0.056
0.056

2
2

6
6

8
8

safe
safe

Concrete Design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design for Torsion


* Project :

Concrete

Fcu =

Concrete

qall =

Stirrups

Fy =

2400

kg/cm2

Horizontal bars Fy =

3600

kg/cm2

Ult. torsional moment


Mu (m.t)
Sec.
1
3

Due to shear

225

kg/cm2

9.186 kg/cm2

Sec. dim.
b (cm) t (cm)
30
70

qsu

Ult. shear force


Qu (ton)
12

kg/cm

Notes
safe

14.29

kg/cm2

Notes
safe

Due to shear

no.
6.2

Notes

Due to torsion

no.
5.3

10

Notes

Horizontal Rft.

no.
7

10

6.15
Due to torsion

qtu

Calculation of stirrups:

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Rectangular Columns


* Project :

Col.

Concrete Fcu =

225

kg/cm2

Steel

3600

kg/cm2

Fy =

Ult. Load
Nu (ton)

150

200

120

150

180

210

240

270

300

10

330

11

360

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

desired

1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3

dim of column
b (cm)
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30

t (cm)
65
60
55
85
80
75
55
50
45
65
60
55
65
60
55
75
70
65
85
80
75
100
90
85
110
100
95
120
110
105
130
120

As
(cm2)
16.25
19.50
22.00
21.25
26.00
30.00
13.75
16.25
18.00
16.25
19.50
22.00
19.50
23.40
26.40
22.50
27.30
31.20
25.50
31.20
36.00
30.00
35.10
40.80
33.00
39.00
45.60
36.00
42.90
50.40
39.00
46.80

Reinforcement
9
10
9
11
13
12
7
9
8
9
10
9
10
12
11
12
14
13
13
16
15
15
18
17
17
20
18
18
22
20
20
24

16
16
18
16
16
18
16
16
18
16
16
18
16
16
18
16
16
18
16
16
18
16
16
18
16
16
18
16
16
18
16
16

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

1.6

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

30

110

52.80

21 18

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Circular Columns


* Project :

Col.

Concrete Fcu =

225

kg/cm2

Steel

3600

kg/cm2

Fy =

Ult. Load
Nu (ton)

100

120

150

180

210

240

270

300

330

10

360

11

390

desired Diamter

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3
1.6
1
1.3

D (cm)
40
35
35
40
40
40
45
45
45
50
50
50
55
55
50
60
55
55
60
60
60
65
65
60
70
65
65
70
70
65
75
70

As
(cm2)
12.56
12.50
15.39
12.56
16.33
20.10
15.90
20.67
25.43
19.63
25.51
31.40
23.75
30.87
31.40
28.26
30.87
37.99
28.26
36.74
45.22
33.17
43.12
45.22
38.47
43.12
53.07
38.47
50.00
53.07
44.16
50.00

Reinforcement
7
7
7
7
9
8
8
11
11
10
13
13
12
16
13
15
16
15
15
19
18
17
22
18
20
22
21
20
25
21
22
25

16
16
18
16
16
18
16
16
18
16
16
18
16
16
18
16
16
18
16
16
18
16
16
18
16
16
18
16
16
18
16
16

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

1.6

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

70

61.54

25 18

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Isolated footings


* Project :

foot
F1

Concrete

Fcu =

225

kg/cm2

Steel

Fy =

3600

kg/cm2

Bearing capacity qall =

1.50

kg/cm2

Column working load


Nw (ton)
100

Dims. of P.C :

column dim.
b (cm) t (cm)
25
50

extension
of P.C (cm)
40

B (cm)
250

L (cm)
275

Dims. of R.C :

B (cm)
170

L (cm)
195

Shear stress (kg/cm2)


3.784

Notes
safe

Punching stress (kg/cm2)


5.550

Notes
safe

Calculation of Rft. :

As /m
7.27

###
###
t (cm)
60

###

###
###
###

Asmin
8.25

cm2
###

Long Rft. :

Short Rft. :

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

no.
5

16

no.
5

16

/m

total no.
10

###

/m

total no.
11

###

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method

* Design of Isolated footings under moment


* Project :

foot
F1

Concrete

Fcu =

225

kg/cm2

Steel

Fy =

3600

kg/cm2

Bearing capacity qall =

1.50

kg/cm2

Column working load


Nw (ton)
100

Moment column dim.


Mw (m.t) b (cm) t (cm)
10
25
50

extension
of P.C (cm)
20
###

Dims. of P.C :
Choose dim of P.C
Dims. of R.C :

B (cm)
250
250

L (cm)
275
275

B (cm)
210

L (cm)
235

Lmin (cm)
60
###
###
t (cm)
60

Max. Stree (kg/cm2) =

1.77

Safe case (2)

###

Min. Stress (kg/cm ) =

1.14

No tension

###

Shear stress (kg/cm2)


4.317

Notes
safe

Punching stress (kg/cm2)


6.148

Notes
safe

###
###

As /m
9.18

###
###
###
###

Calculation of Rft. :

Long Rft. :

Short Rft. :

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

###
###

Asmin
8.25

cm2

no.
5

16

/m

total no.
12

###

no.
5

16

/m

total no.
13

###

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Combined footings


* Project :

Col
exter.
inter.

Concrete

Fcu =

225

kg/cm2

Steel

Fy =

3600

kg/cm2

Bearing capacity qall =

1.50

kg/cm2

Column working load


Nw (ton)

column dim. (cm)


trans. long.
25
50
25
70

60
84
Distance from c.g to c.g:

2.15

Resultant of 2 loads is at:

1.25

extension
of P.C (cm)
25
25
###
###

from external column


###

Dims. of P.C :
minimum
chosen

B (cm)
275
230

L (cm)
355
420

Dims. of R.C :

B (cm)
180

L (cm)
370

t (cm)
60

Longitudinal direction:
Top Rft. :

Bottom Rft. :

no.
5

16

/m

total no.
11

no.
5

16

/m

total no.
11

no.
5

12

/m

total no.
20

no.
4

16

/m

total no.
16

Transverse direction:
Top Rft. :

Bottom Rft. :

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
#
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
#

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

###
###

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Strap footings


* Project :

Col
exter.
inter.

Concrete

Fcu =

225

kg/cm2

Steel

Fy =

3600

kg/cm2

Stirrups

Fy =

2400

kg/cm2

Bearing capacity qall =

1.50

kg/cm2

Column working load


Nw (ton)

column dim. (cm)


trans. long.
50
25
80
25

71
124
Distance from c.g to c.g:

4.14

Take eccentricity =

1.2

extension
of P.C (cm)
0
40

Dims. of P.C :
external footing
internal footing

B (cm)
255
255

L (cm)
265
250

Dims. of R.C :
external footing
internal footing

B (cm)
175
175

L (cm)
225
170

t (cm)
60
60

Longitudinal direction:
Dim. Of strap beam :

b (cm)
50

t (cm)
90

Rft. Of strap beam :


Top Rft.
Bottom Rft.

no.
7
5

22
16

Stirrups :

no.
5

10

no.
5

16

branches

Transverse direction:
Bottom Rft. :
external footing

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

/m

total no.
13

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

internal footing

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

16

/m

10

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

* Design of Retaining Walls


* Project :

225

kg/cm2

Fy =

3600 kg/cm2

Bearing capacity qall =

1.00 kg/cm2

Soil density

1.80 ton/m3

Cohesion of soil C

0.00 kg/cm2

Angle of friction =

22

0.25
0.2

t/m'

degree

Coeff. of earth pressure Ka =

0.40

0.3

3.30

Steel

Fcu =

3.50

Concrete

1.55

0.70

R.C

0.60

P.C

0.30

2.50
2.90

Factor of safety against sliding =

1.74

Factor of safety against overturning =

3.07

Max. stress on soil =

0.62

kg/cm2

Safe stress

No tension on soil

Min. stress on soil =

0.42

kg/cm2

Safe stress

No tension on soil

Calculation of Rft. :
Mu (m.t)
For wall
For Base

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

5.34
11.73

C1
4.52
7.62

J
As (cm2)
0.819
8.23
0.826
7.17

As min
3.30
8.25

8
5

12
16

Concrete design using the ultimate limit design method.

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

Concrete design according to the Egyptian code1995.

* Deflection of Cantilevers
* Project :

Concrete Fcu =

225

kg/cm2

Steel

3600

kg/cm2

Fy =

PDL+ PLL
WDL+ WLL
Span

Sec. Properties of sec:


1

Top Rft.:

Breadth Depth Thickness


b (cm) d (cm)
t (cm)
25
65
70

no.
5

18

no.
5

18

Working loads:

PDL (t)

PLL (t)

Initial deflection:

0.15

cm

After long term:

0.23

cm

Allowable value:

0.53

cm

Notes:

Safe

Bottom Rft.:

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

Span
L (m)
2.4

area
12.72

cm2

area
12.72

cm2

WDL (t/m) WLL (t/m)


2.50
1.50

Concrete design according to the Egyptian code 1995.

* Deflection of Simples
* Project :

Concrete Fcu =

225

kg/cm2

Steel

3600

kg/cm2

Fy =

PDL+ PLL
WDL+ WLL
Span/2

Sec. Properties of sec:


1

Top Rft.:

Bottom Rft.:

Working loads:

Span/2

Breadth Depth Thickness


b (cm) d (cm)
t (cm)
25
65
70

no.
4

12

no.
5

16

PDL (t)

PLL (t)

1.50

1.00

Initial deflection:

0.85

cm

After long term:

1.57

cm

Allowable value:

2.40

cm

Notes:

Safe

By: Eng. Mahmoud El-Kateb

Span
L (m)
6

area
4.52

cm2

area
10.05

cm2

WDL (t/m) WLL (t/m)


2.00

1.50