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# 2014 13

03
3

)k(h) k(0
)k(h) k(0
lim
-1II)
x 0
x 0
h
h
4
h

4
)k(h) k(0
h

1
lim
lim
*
x 0
x 0
h
h
h 3h
h 3
lim
lim
3
x
) 0 h(h 1
x
0 h 1
4

4
)k(h) k(0
h

1
lim
lim
*
x 0
x 0
h
h
h 5h
h 5
lim
lim
5
x
) 0 h(h 1
x
0 h 1
k 0
)-3( (.)-5
)
k
k 0
) (0;4 k
)2 ) ( 2 ) (1
* ) (1 x0 0 x 0 0
y k'(0)(x 0) k(0) :
y 3(x 0) 4 : y 3x 4
* ) ( 2 x0 0 x 0 0
y k'(0)(x 0) k(0) :
y 5(x 0) 4 : y 5x 4
)3 ) ( 2 ) (1 ) (Ck
) (Ck:
x 0 k(x) f (x) :(Cf ) = (Ck ) :
x 0 k(x) g(x) :(Cg ) = (Ck ) :

2009

lim

-1)I) f I
4
lim f (x) lim (x
)
x
x
x 1
4
lim f (x) lim (1
)
x
1
x
1
x 1
4
lim f (x) lim (1
)
x
1
x
1
x 1
:
)
x -
-1
0
)g'(x
g(x) +
+
-
4
-2) f
4
lim g(x) lim (x
)
x
x
x 1
) ) (c g )(
) ( y x ::
4
4
lim g(x) lim (x
( x) lim
)0
x
x
x x 1
x 1
) g

g : [ [0; :
4
)(x 1) 4 (x 3)(x 1
g'(x) 1

(x 1)
(x 1)
(x 1)
g'(x) 0 (x 1)(x 3) 0
x=1 : x 3
x 1
:
x 0
1

)g'(x
0
+

x 0
1
)g'(x
+

g(x) 4

3
1

2008

x
(x 1)
lim [f (x ) (x 1)]

## lim [f (x) (x 1)] lim x 1

-1) g

x -1
+

)g'(x
)g(x
+
0
-2
) g(0 )g(0.5
g(0)=-1 g(0.5)>0
1
) [ ; ]0 g() 0
2
1
1
g [ g(0) g( ) 0 ]0
2
2

1
[ ; ]0 g() 0
2
) ) g(x ][-1 +
:
[ x ] 1; [g(x) ] 2;-1
[ x ]; [g(x) ] 1;
) g( x
f ' ( x)
-2)
( x 1)
x 3 3x 3x 2 g ( x ) 3
f (x)

:
( x 1)
( x 1)
f ] [-1 +:
) g' ( x )( x 1) 2( x 1)g( x
f ' (x)
( x 1) 4
) g' ( x )( x 1) 2g( x
) g( x
f ' (x)

3
)( x 1
( x 1) 3
) f ( x) f (
lim
)
x
x

) f ( x ) f (
) g (
lim

f
'
(

0
x
x
( 1) 3
( )
)y=f(
) )lim [f (x) (x 1)] lim f ( x

( )
y=x+1 :
) f
) f'(x )g(x
x -1
+

)f'(x
0
+
+
+
)f(x
)f(
-2
-3) ) f( 10
f (0,26) 1,89 :
) ( )
y

6
5
4
3
2
1

-1

-1

2013

x

x
1

1
x
x 1
f (x) x 1 e : ;1
1
x

x 1
lim f (x) lim
e 2
x
x x 1

x
1 lim
1 :
x x 1
x

1
x

## lim f (x) lim

e x 1
x
1
x
1 x 1

1
x 1

x
1

lim e

x
0 lim
:
x
1 x 1
x
1
)(C
:
1
x 1

1
:
x
1
( x 1)
( )
x=-1 :
lim f ( x )

lim e

x 1 : )(C
y 2 : )(C
)2 ) f '(x f ;1
1
1 x11
x x11
f '(x)
'

e
'

e :

x 1 (x 1) (x 1)
1
1
x 1
f '(x)
1 e
:
(x 1)

1
1
f '(x) 0 0 1 e x 1 0
(x 1)
f ;1
f ;1
0
1

x
)f '(x
f (x) 2
e 1
0

)3 f (x) 0 :
f ;1
lim f (x) lim f (x) 2
x

)5 m
f (x) m
y m )' (C
m e1;2 :

)1-II g ;1
* lim g(x) lim f (x) lim g(x) lim f (x) 2
x

## * g(x) f (2x 1) : )g'(x) 2f '(2x 1

g f g
;1 f '(2x 1) 0
g
1
x
)g '(x
g(x) 2

1
1
g'
g 2f '() :
2) 0 :
2
2
1 1
1 f ( ) 0
g 3
f 2
2 2

1
1
g'
) 1 2f '(
2f ' 2
2
2

1
) ) (T g
2
1
1
1
('(T) : y=g
)(x
() g
) :
2
2
2
1
(T) : y=2f '()(x
) 0 :
2
2x
1
) :
= y )(T

( 1)3 ( 1)3
1
1
1
1
f '()

e :
( 1) ( 1)
1

f () 0 : e 1
)( 1
1

1
:
f '()

3
( 1) ( 1) ( 1)3
) (T :
1
1
2x
1
(T) : y=2
(x
)

3
3
)( 1
2
( 1) ( 1)3

x
1

;1f () 0 :

f (0,22) 0,005 f (0,21) 0,016 :
. 0,21;0,22
)4 )(C
)' (C . f
: )' (C . f
f (x) ; x ;
f (x)
:
f (x) ; x ;1
x ; : )(C') (C

x ;1 )' (C ) (C
y

4
3
2
1

-1

-2

-3

-4

-5

x 1

x 1

-6

-1
-2
-3
-4

## )1( : 0,25 0,36

)1,25 1 1,36....(2
1,25 1 1,36
)2( )1( :
0,6

0,5
1
2,08 2,72 f() 2,08
2,72

-4) ) ( y x 1
) (Cf .
lim(f (x) y) lim(x 1)e x 0 :
x
x

2012

. xlim

## lim g(x) lim(1 xe x ) 1 lim(xe x ) 0

x
x
x
lim g(x) lim(1 xe x ) lim(xe x )
x

)2 g
g'(x) (1 xex )' 0 (1ex xex ) ex (x 1) :
g'(x) 0 (x 1) 0 e x 0
(x 1) 0 x 1
-1

x
+
0
)g'(x

-1

x
)g'(x
+
0
)g(1
g(x) 1

-3) g(x) 0
g 1;
g(x) g(1) 0
xlim

: ) ( y x 1
) (Cf .
) ) (Cf )(
(f (x) y) (x 1)ex :
(x 1)ex ) (x 1 e x 0
) (Cf ) (
.
1
2

x

0
+
) (Cf ) (Cf ) ( )(

) (Cf )(
-5) f (x) 0 x 2 x1
f ; 1
f (1,6) 0,07 f (1,5) 0,05
x 2
1,6 x1 1,5 f (x1 ) 0
f 1;2
f (1,6) 0,37 f (1,5) 0,26
x 2
1,5 x 2 1,6 f (x 2 ) 0
) ) (Cf )(

. f () 0
) 0,5 0,6 ) g(x .
g(0,6) 0 g(0,5) 0 : 0,5 0,6
g(; ) 1;0 : g(x) 0
g(; ) ;0 . g(x) 0
)1-II )lim f (x
x
lim f (x) lim(xe x x) lim x(e x 1)
x

)2 f '(x) g(x) : x ;2
: x ;2
x
)f '(x) 1e (x 1)ex 1 (1 xex ) g(x
) f '(x ;2
) f '(x) g(x ) f '(x
) g(x f :
2

x
)f '(x
0
+
)f (2

)f (x
)f (
1
)3
f () )f (

0,5 0,6....(1) :

4
3
2
1

2x

0
-1
-2
-3

-1

-2

-3

-4

-5

-6

-7

2010

2011

## lim f (x) lim f (x) )-1

x
x
1

x
lim f (x) lim x x

lim
(x

1)

## lim f (x) lim (e ex 1) 0 1

x
x
e 1 x

x
x
x
1

lim
f
(x)

lim
(e
ex 1) ..
lim f (x) lim x x
lim x 0
x
x

x
x
e 1 x

ex
1
ex
lim f (x) lim f (x) ) lim f (x) lim x( e ) lim x( )
x
x
x
0
x
0
x
x x x
f'(x) )
1
1
lim f(x) lim x lim f (x) lim x
- 1 +
f '(x) ex e
x 0
x 0 e 1
x 0
x 0 e 1
f )
:
x
1

(Cf ) ) ( x 0
f'(x)
0 +
* f ) 2
f(x)

e x
ex
f '(x) 1 x
1 (e x 1) :
(e 1)
-1
* f f '(x) 0
)Cf ) ( ) ) -2
* f
lim f (x) (ex 1) lim (ex ) 0
x

x
x
0

y ex 1 : ()
f '(x)
+
+
)T()
f (x)

y f '(a)(x a) f (a) ) T(
y f '(0)(x 0) f (0) (1 e)(x) 0 (1 e)x :

f(x)=0 )
( Cf ) ) y x 1 y x :( ') () 1,75 ;1,76 f
f (1,75) 0,0023 f (1,76) 0,028
1

## lim (f (x) x) lim x

0
:

x
x
e 1
f () 0 : 1,76 1,75
( Cf ) y x : () :
) Cf ) ( ) )T( )
1

y
lim (f (x) (x 1)) lim 1 x 0 :
x
x
e

( Cf ) y x 1: (') :
(') () ( Cf ) )
(Cf )
1

*
f (x) x x
0

:
x

e 1
x
(Cf ) y x ( )

e x
f (x) (x 1) x 0 x * :
e 1
(Cf ) y x 1( ')
1
(Cf ) (0; ) ) 4
2

()

(T)

2008

1
) ; (0 ) (Cf f (x) f (x) 1
2
1
1
f ( x) f (x) x x x x
e 1
e 1
:
ex
1
ex 1

1
1 ex ex 1 ex 1
-5) f (x) 0
*
f

f (ln 2) f(1) 0
1 ln 2 f () 0 :
*
f

f (1,4) f(-1,3) 0
1,3 1,4 f () 0 :
) ) (Cf )(
) (Cf ) ( 1
ex
x
f '(x 0 ) 1: 1 :
1 x e 0
(e 1)
)(
) ) (') ( ) (Cf

-I b a
f(-1)=1: (-a-1)e +1=1 a=b
f '(-1)=-e: )2a-b(e=-e 2a-b=-1
a=b=-1
-II) g ( x) 1
xlim

lim g ( x) lim g (u ) lim (ue u ) 1 1
u

y=1 (.)Cf
) g
g(x)=(-x-1)e-x+1 ]Df =]-2
g ( x) 1 :
g(2) e2 1 xlim

g : Df:
f '(x) g'(x) xe x x

x -2
0

)g'(x
0
+
2
g(x) e 1
1

0
) )(Cg I
I '' g
g'(x)=xe-x : g''(x)=(1-x)e-x:
g''(x)=0 x=1
x
-2
1

)g''(x
+
0
g(1)=-2e-1+1 I(1,g(1))
) ))Cg I

3
2
1

-1

-2

-3

-4

-5

-1
-2

y g '(1)(x 1) g(1) e x 3e 1

-3

) ))Cg

-4

) m
(m 1)e x m
(m 1)e x m ....)1(. :
( )1 (m 1) mex m(ex 1) 1
1
1
m x

xmx x
e 1
e 1
y x m
) x m f (x

f
)(x

( )1 ) (Cf
) (m y x m : :
m 0 ()1 .
0 m 1 ()1 .
m 1 ()1 .

6
5
4
3
2
1

0
-1

-1

III k
k : ] ]-2 k(x)=g(x):
) k' (x) 2xg ' (x ) k'(x x
k
x -2
0

)k'(x
0
+
2
k(x) -5 e 1
1
0
6

-2

2
(x 1) 1(1 2ln(x 1))
(x 1)
f '(x) 1
(x 1)
3 2ln(x 1)) (x 1) 3 2ln(x 1))
1

(x 1)
(x 1)
g(x)
f '(x)
:
(x 1)
1; f )
f '(x) 0 g(x) f '(x)
f
0

x 1
f '(x)
+

f (x)
-1
0

: f (x) 0 )
1; f
lim f (x) lim f (x)
x
1

2013

g ) 1 I
x 1; g(x) x 2x 4 2ln(x 1)

lim g(x) lim (x 2ln(x 1))
x

x
ln(x 1)
2
)
x
x
(x 1)
(x 1)
lim g(x) lim (2ln(x 1)) 2()
lim g(x) lim (x 1)(

x
1

x
1

2
: x 1;
(x 1)
2 (x 1) 1 2x(x 2)
g '(x)

:
(x 1)
x 1
1; x(x 2) g'(x)
x 0 g'(x) 0 :
x 1;0 g'(x) 0
x 0 ; g'(x) 0

x 1
0

g '(x)
0
+

g(x)
g '(x) 2(x 1)

f () 0 : 1;
0 0,5 :
f (0) 0 f (0,5) : f (0,5) 0,37 f (0) 1:
( Cf ) y x : () ) -3
lim(f (x) x) 0 ( Cf ) y x : ()
x
1
ln(x 1)
2
0
x
x
x 1
x 1
() ( Cf ) )
1 2ln(x 1)

f (x) x
x 1
x e 1 f (x) x 0
x 1; e 1 f (x) x 0
x e 1; f (x) x 0

4
x 1; g(x) 0 2
4 g
g(x) 0 : x 1; g(x) 4
lim f (x) )-1-II

## lim(f (x) x) lim

x
1

1 2ln(x 1)

x 1
1 2ln(x 1)
lim f (x) 1

x
1
x 1
(Cf ) x 1 :
lim f (x) )
x

x 1; f (x) x

e 1 ( ) (Cf ) :
1; e 1 ( ) ( Cf )

e 1; ( ) ( Cf )

## lim f (x) lim x

(T) (Cf ) x 0 ) -4
2
y x 3 : (T) :
e
f '(x 0 ) 1 ( Cf ) ( T)

f '(x)

1
ln(x 1)
2

x 1
x 1

g(x)
: x 1; ) -2
(x 1)

x
lim ln
(x 5)
0 xlim
x

x 1
x x 6
)2 : x ;0
)f '(x
)x(x 1
f (x) x 5 6((ln x ln(x 1)) :
1
1
x x 6
:
(f '(x) 1 6
)
x x 1
)x(x 1
f
x x 6
) f '(x x x 6 0
0
)x(x 1
2
x x 3
) f '(x :
2
x -
0
)f '(x
+
0
f
2
x -
0
)f '(x
+
0
)f(-2
)f (x

) g(x 0
f '(x 0 ) 1 1
(x 0 1)
g(x0 ) (x0 1) x 0 e e 1 :
) )(Cf ) (T
y

-1

-1

-2

-3

-4

) m
f (x) x m
y x m
f (x) x m

) y f (x
y x m ) (m 1
) y f (x ) (Cf
m 0 : 1 )(m ) (
2
m 3 : 2 )(m ) (T
e
f (x) x m
2
0 m

e3

## f ( 2) 3 6ln(2) 6ln3 0,56 :

-3) ) ( y x 5
) (Cf .
x
lim(f (x) y) 6 lim ln
0 :
x
x
x 1
: ) ( y x 5
) (Cf .
) ) (Cf )(
x
:
(f (x) y) 6ln
x 1
x
1 : x ;0
x 1
x
0
ln (f (x) y) 0
x 1
) (Cf )(
)4 f (x) 0
f 2;0
f (1) 0,15 f (1,1) 0,02
( )
1,1 1 f () 0
f ; 2

2012

)1) ) lim f (x
x
0

x
lim f (x) lim (x 5 6ln
)
x
0
x
0
x 1
) (Cf x 0
) )lim f (x
x

x
lim f (x) lim (x 5 6ln

x
x
x 1

## f (3,4) 0,15 f (3,5) 1,33

( )
3,5 3,4 . f () 0
)5 ) (Cf )(

2011

)I
) .g
-1

+
+
1

x
)g'(x

)g(x

) g(x) 0
g(x) 0 x ; 1 1;
) (Cg
) x 0 g(x) 1
0 g(x) 1 : x 1;
)1-II )lim f (x) lim f (x
1

3
2
1
1

0
-1

-1

-2

-3

-4

-5

-6

-7

-8

## -12 -11 -10 -9

-2
-3
-4
-5
-6

x
1

-7

x 1
x 1
-8
lim f (x) lim
lim ln
0
x 1
x 1 x 1 x 1 x 1
-9
x 1
x 1
lim f (x) lim
lim ln
1 0 1
x
x x 1 x
1
7
3
x 1
-6) y x 6ln )(AB
2
2
4

1
7
3
3
* ) (Cf x 1:
yA x A 6ln 3 6ln
2
2
4
4
* ) (Cf y 1:
1
7
3 5
3
2
y

6ln

6ln
B
B

)
2
g '(x)
x 1;
2
2
4 2
4
(x 1)
1
7
3
)1(x 1) 1(x 1
2
y x 6ln )(AB
g'(x)

2
2
4
(x 1)
(x 1)
) ) (AB ) (Cf
) ) f '(x
M0 .
f (x) g(x) ln(x 1) ln(x 1) :
1
) (AB ) (Cf f '(x 0 ) x 0 M0
1
1
2
2
f '(x) g'(x)

0
2
)x 1 x 1 (x 1) (x 1)(x 1
x0 x0 6 1
1

f
'(x
)

x 1;
)x 0 (x 0 1
2
2
2
2
f
2x0 2x0 12 x0 x0
x 1

x02 x0 12 0
)f'(x
+
x 0 3 : x 0 4
)f(x
1
3

## f (3) 2 6ln ))M0 (3;f (3

4
- f (x) 0 x0 3,62;3,63
M0 ) (AB f 1;

f (3,63) 0 f (3,62) 0
( ) x 0
x 0 3,62;3,63 f (x 0 ) 0
9

- ) . (Cf
y

2
1
9

10 11 12 13 x

-1 0
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6

x 1

-3) ln x 1 1;

)I - x 1; : g(x) 1
x 1
ln
ln g(x) ln1 : 0 :
x 1
2010

-1)I) f I
1
f (x) 1 ln(2x 1) I ] ; [ :
2
lim f (x) 1 lim ln(2x 1)
x

## lim 1 f (x) 1 limln(2x

1)
1
2

)2 f . I
1
2
.x
f '(x) 0
0 :
2
2x 1
f I f '(x) 0
f

x 0,5
)f '(x
+
)f (x

)3 ) (Cf
) (d y x
) (d f '(x0 ) 1
2
3
f '(x0 ) 1 1

x0
2x 0 1
2
-4) . f (x) ln(x a) b : x I
1
1
) f (x) 1 ln(2x 1) 1 ln 2(x ) 1 ln 2 ln(x
2
2
1
b 1 ln 2 a = - :
2

) ) (Cf ) (C ln
1
f (x) 1 ln 2 ln(x
)
2
1
) (Cf ) (C )V( ;1 ln 2
2
) ( (C) (Cf )
)1-II ) lim g(x lim g(x)
1
2

2

## ) lim g(x) lim (f (x) x

x

ln(2x 1)
x
lim g(x) 1 lim (2x 1)

x
x
2x 1 2x 1
x
1
)ln(2x 1
lim
lim
0
x 2x 1
2 x 2x 1
)2 g
2
2x 3
g'(x) f '(x) 1
1
2x 1
2x 1
) g'(x 2x 3
g
x 1
3

2
2
)g'(x
+
0
)g(x
3
) (g
2

0,9 :

3
2

)1 ln(2

3
) (g
2

-3)
) g(1 g(x) 0
3

;+ 2 3
2

## g(1) = f(1) -1=1+ ln1-1= 0 :

3

g(x) 0 ;+
2

;+

2

3
lim g(x) g( ) 0,9
x
2
10

Sn u1 u 2 ..... u n :
3
n 1
Sn (1 ln 2) (1 ln ) ..... (1 ln
)
2
n
3 4
n 1
Sn ln 2. . ......
) (1 1 .... 1) ln(n 1) n
2 3
n
n

;+
2

## g(2) f (2) 2 1 ln3 0,38 :

g(3) f (3) 3 2 ln5 0,39
. 2 3 g(3) 0 g(2)
1
. ;5 ( C g ) )
2

2009

:
lim h(x) lim h(x) )1

## [-1 ] h(x) x 2x ln(x 1)

lim h(x) lim (x 2x ln(x 1))
x

x 1

## lim h(x) lim (1 2 ln(x 1))

x 1

x 1

1 2(x 1)
:) 2
x 1
1
2(x 1) 1
:
h '(x) 2x 2

x 1
x 1
h
h : h '(x) 0 : x 1 :
h '(x)

x -1
h'(x)
h(x)

+
0

h(x) h(0) )3
: h(x) h(0) 0
0

x -1
h (x)
0
+
:
lim f (x) ) -1
x 1

ln(x 1)
)
x 1
x 1
x 1
ln(x 1)
lim (2
)
x
1
x 1
lim f (x) lim (x 1

1
lim ln(x 1) :
x
1
x
1 x 1
(Cf ) y 1:
ln u
lim
0 )
x u
t u u et t ln u :
ln u
t
1
lim
lim t lim t 0 :
x u
x e
x e
t
lim

11

-1

-2

-3

. I g(x) ) 4
g(x) g
:
x
g (x)
0 + 0
(d) ( Cf )
g(x) (d) (Cf )
(d) ( Cf ) x 0,5;1 ;
(d) ( Cf ) x 1;
. (d) (Cf ) x x 1
. f (x) 1; x 1; ) 5
f () f (1) 1 g(1) g() 0 :
1; f :
f (1) f (x) f () x 1; :
.1 f (x) :
n ) 1-III
un 1 2ln3 3ln2
1
1
n 1
u n f (1 ) 1 ln(1 ) 1 ln(
)...(1)
2n
n
n
:
9
u n 1 2ln3 3ln 2 1 ln .....(2)
8
n 1 9
n 8 :
:) 2( )1(
n
8
n Sn ) 2

) )lim f (x

)ln(x 1
0
x x 1
) ])lim [f (x) (x 1

## lim f (x) lim (x 1) lim

)ln(x 1
) 0 :
x
x
x 1
) (Cf
lim [f (x) (x 1)] 0 :
lim [f (x) (x 1)] lim (

f [ ] 3,3 3,4
f (3,4) 2,06 f (3,3) 1,96 :
f (3,3) 2 f (3,4) :

3,4 3,3 f () 2 :
)4 ) (Cf
y

y x 1
) ) (Cf
)ln(x 1

[f (x) (x 1)]
x 1
) ln(x 1x+1< 0
ln(x 1) 0 ln(x 1) 0 x 0 :
ln(x 1) 0 ln(x 1) 0 1 x 0 :
ln(x 1) 0 ln(x 1) 0 x 0 :
:
1 x 0 ) (Cf
x 0 ) (Cf )(0; 1
x 0 ) (Cf

)h(x
)2
(x 1)
f : [ ] 1; :
1
)(x 1) 1ln(x 1
x

1
f '(x) 1
(x 1)
)(x 1) 1 ln(x 1) x 2x ln(x 1

(x 1)
(x 1)
)h(x
f '(x)
:
(x 1)

) f '(x )h(x

x -1
0

)f'(x
0
+
f '(x)

01

)f(x

)f(0
)3 ) (Cf y 2 :
) (Cf y 2 :
f (x) 2 3,4 3,3
12

2014

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