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Annotated Bibliography
Bouchard, Erika. "Drug Testing In Sports." Points of View: Drug Testing for Sports. (2015): 1.
Web. 18 Mar. 2015. The article discusses various issues concerning the mandatory drug
testing of athletes in the U.S. The use of performance-enhancing drugs has been an
international ethical debate issue. In order to address the illegal use of drugs in sports,
professional sports organizations are conducting drug tests among athletes. A historical
overview of doping in sports is also presented, along with definition of terms and phrases.

Cashmore, Ellis. "Opinion: It's Time to Allow Doping in Sport - CNN.com."CNN. Cable News
Network, 24 Oct. 2012. Web. 26 Mar. 2015. This news article provides the authors point of
view by listing reasons why he believes PEDs should be allowed. However, he does list the
negative effects of steroid use as his counterargument.

Ford, Dana. "Report: Alex Rodriguez Admits to Using Steroids - CNN.com."CNN. Cable News
Network, 5 Nov. 2014. Web. 27 Mar. 2015. Ford simply explains this story using facts and
direct quotes from individuals involved in the case. He tells the story from beginning to end
and then reflects on his opinion of the situation.

Henderson, Harry. Drug Abuse. New York: Facts On File, 2005. Print. This book provides an
overview of the history of drug use and drug regulation in the United States. A timeline of
important events, glossary of terms, listing of organizations and agencies, large annotated

bibliographies of articles and books and statistics on drug use are provided. A brief
description of drug usage in sports over the years is also provided. It explains some of the
current regulations and provides an overview of drug policies in sports. The fact that the
author is taking an informational approach allows the reader to decide on their own point of

Jacobs, W. E., and Heather Newton. Points of View: Drug Testing for Sports. (2015): 3.
EBSCOHOST. Web. 18 Mar. 2015. The article argues that the enforcement of mandatory
drug testing for college and professional athletes violates constitutional rights under the
Fourth and Fifth Amendments of the U.S. Constitution. It claims that the justification for the
enforcement of mandatory drug testing for athletes is unfair. It adds that if mandatory drug
testing should be applied to athletes, same rules must also be implemented to other groups of
people. An explanation of the constitutional rights of athletes is also presented.

Mosera, Taylor. "Drug Testing." Teen Ink Oct. 2006: n. pag. Web. 12 Mar. 2015. The author
highlights his views on drug testing among athletes. He mentioned the prevalence of athletes
who use drugs, such as baseball player Barry Bonds and cyclist Floyd Landis. He
emphasized the responsibility of athletes in sports. The author concluded that drug testing is
significant to ensure that athletes conform to the prohibited use of drugs in sports. He also
states that drug testing athletes is important in keeping the competition fair.

Pampel, Fred C. N.p.: Facts On File, 2007. Print. Library In A Book. This book discusses
whether performance-enhancing drug use has become a problem comparable to that of wellknown narcotics and whether or not teens are encouraged to use performance-enhancing
drugs by professional athletes It also talks about the role of sports leagues and the
government in controlling these substances.

Quezzaire, Pilar, and Nancy Sprague. "Steroids: An Overview." Points Of View: Steroids (2015):
Points of View Reference Center. Web. 25 Mar. 2015. The article examines the debate over
the use of steroids. Aside from therapeutic purposes, steroids are used to build up muscles
and cellular tissue and to improve athletic performance. Many sports organizations have
banned the use of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) by athletes due to their long-term side
effects, including heart disease and bone degeneration.

Scott, Michael. "The Use of Performance-Enhancing Drugs in Sports." The Use of PerformanceEnhancing Drugs in Sports. Delta Winds, 2008. Web. 26 Mar. 2015. Scott uses facts as well
as common moral beliefs and allows the reader to interpret the facts into their own opinion.
He provides facts to support both sides of the story.

Staff, Mayo Clinical. "Performance Enhancing Drugs." American Association of Orthopedic

Surgeons. AAOS, Sept. 2012. Web. 26 Mar. 2015. This article provides facts about both the
positive and negative effects of steroids. It informs readers of the pros and cons of steroid use
and how most people tend to view the situation.

Szivos, Ryan, and Charles Yesalis. "Probing Question: Can Steroids Enhance Athletic
Performance?" http://news.psu.edu/. Penn State, 3 July 2006. Web. 25 Mar. 2015. This article
provides the reader with information on the positive effects that steroids have on athletes
performance. It allows the reader to interpret the facts into their own opinion on the matter. It
also gives statements from a medical doctor who has researched the effects of PEDs.

Travis, Clay. "Why Do We Drug Test Athletes For Recreational Drugs?" FOX Sports. FOX
Sports, n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2015. The author of this article provides facts and statistics to back
up the reasons that drug testing is necessary. He also lists how the policies are sometimes
hypocritical. Also, it tells how sometimes athletes can get around the drug tests due to how
long they know about the test.

Weaver, Jay. "Alex Rodriguez's DEA Confession: Yes, I Used Steroids from Fake Miami
Doctor." Miamiherald. The Miami Herald, 5 Nov. 2014. Web. 27 Mar. 2015.

Whitaker, Anne. "Points of View: Steroids." Performance Enhancing Drugs Should Be Legalized
(n.d.): 2. Web. 17 Mar. 2015. The article discusses the advantages of legalizing steroid use by
professional athletes to maximize their athletic potential. It is asserted that the use of anabolic
steroids and growth hormones would help athletes obtain extraordinary ability and
heightened talent. The article adds that legalizing steroids would facilitate the monitoring of
the use and effects of the substance.