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Outline:Cigarettes

I. Introduction
A. Whyarecigarettesbadforpeople?
1. Theimportanceofnotsmokingcigarettesisbecausethetobaccosmokeis
harmfultosmokersandnonsmokers.Tobaccosmokecontainschemicals
thatareharmfultobothsmokersandnonsmokers.Breathingevenalittle
tobaccosmokecanbeharmful.Morethan7,000chemicalsintobacco
smoke,atleast250areknowntobeharmful,includinghydrogencyanide,
carbonmonoxide,andammonia.
2. Amongthe250knownharmfulchemicalsintobaccosmoke,atleast69
cancausecancer.Smokingcausesmanytypesofcancer,includingcancers
ofthelung,esophagus,larynx(voicebox),mouth,throat,kidney,bladder,
pancreas,stomach,andcervix,aswellasacutemyeloidleukemia.
Smokingisaleadingcauseofcanceranddeathfromcancer.Quitting
smokingreducesthehealthriskscausedbyexposuretotobaccosmoke.
3. cigarettesarebad
II. Bodyofresearchpaper
A. Howcancigarettesharmyou?
a. Smokingalsocausesheartdisease,stroke,aorticaneurysm(a
balloonlikebulgeinanarteryinthechest),chronicobstructive
pulmonarydisease(COPD)(chronicbronchitisandemphysema),
asthma,hipfractures,andcataracts.Smokersareathigherriskof
developingpneumoniaandotherairwayinfections.
b. Apregnantsmokerisathigherriskofhavingherbabyborntoo
earlyandwithanabnormallylowbirthweight.Awomanwho
smokesduringorafterpregnancyincreasesherinfantsriskof
deathfromSuddenInfantDeathSyndrome(SIDS).
c. Inadditiontoregularcigarettesandcigars,otherformsoftobacco
includesmokelesstobacco(alsocalledchewingtobacco,snuff,and
snus),pipes,hookahs(waterpipes),bidis,andkreteks.Although
mostresearchhasfocusedontheharmsofcigarettesmoking,all
formsoftobaccoareharmfulandaddictive.
d. Quittingsmokingreducestheriskofcancerandotherdiseases,
suchasheartdiseaseandCOPD,causedbysmoking.Peoplewho
quitsmoking,regardlessoftheirage,arelesslikelytodiequickly
thanthosewhocontinuetosmokeanddiefromsmokingrelated
illnesses.
e. However,ittakesanumberofyearsafterquittingfortheriskof


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cancertostarttodecline.Thisbenefitincreasesthelongeraperson
remainssmokefree.Theriskofprematuredeathandthechanceof
developingcancerfromsmokingcigarettesdependonmany
factors,includingthenumberofyearsapersonsmokes,the
numberofcigarettesheorshesmokesperday,theageatwhichhe
orshebegansmoking

B. ThesisSupport#2
1. Firstmainideaofcategory(Completetopicsentence)
a.
b.
c.
d.
C. ThesisSupport#3
1. Firstmainideaofcategory(Completetopicsentence)
a. (FIRES)
b. Therearemanyreasonsthatpeoplediagnosedwithcancershould
quitsmoking.Forthosehavingsurgery,chemotherapy,orother
treatments,quittingsmokinghelpsimprovethebodysabilityto
healandrespondtotherapy.Italsolowerstheriskofpneumonia
andrespiratoryfailure.Moreover,quittingsmokingmaylowerthe
riskofthecancerreturningorasecondcancerdeveloping.
c.
d. Smokingtobaccoisbothaphysicaladdictionandapsychological
habit.
e. Atthesametime,theactofsmokingisingrainedasadailyritual.
Itmaybeanautomaticresponseforyoutosmokeacigarettewith
yourmorningcoffee,whiletakingabreakfromworkorschool,or
duringyourcommutehomeattheendofalongday.Perhaps
friends,familymembers,andcolleaguessmoke,andithasbecome
partofthewayyourelatewiththem.

III.
Conclusion
A.
1. heeffectsofsmokingareserious.Itcanharmnearlyeveryorganofthe
body.ItcausesnearlyoneofeveryfivedeathsintheUnitedStateseach
year.Theimmunesystemisthebodyswayofprotectingitselffrom
infectionanddisease.
2. mokingcompromisestheimmunesystem,makingsmokersmorelikelyto
haverespiratoryinfections.Smokinghasrecentlybeenlinkedtotype2
diabetes,alsoknownasadultonsetdiabetes.


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