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Weathering

and
Erosion

Weathering
and
Erosion

Weathering
and
Erosion

Weathering
and
Erosion

Weathering
and
Erosion

Weathering
and
Erosion

Weathering
and
Erosion

Weathering
and
Erosion

Weathering
and
Erosion

Weathering
and
Erosion

Weathering
and
Erosion

Weathering
and
Erosion

What is
Weathering?
page 226

Weathering is the process


that breaks down rocks
and other substances at
Earths surface.

What contributes to
weathering?
Heat, cold, water and ice all
contribute to weathering.
Oxygen and carbon dioxide
in the atmosphere also
contribute to weathering.

What are 2 types


of weathering?
Mechanical weathering
and
Chemical weathering

Mechanical
Weathering
Rock is physically broken
into smaller pieces
The smaller pieces have
the same composition as
the rock they came from

What are some


examples of
mechanical
weathering?
Rocks are broken into pieces by:
Freezing and thawing
Release of pressure
Growth of plants
Actions of animals

How can water


freezing break
rocks?
Page 228

Water seeps into cracks in


rocks and then freezes when
the temperature drops.
Water expands when it freezes
and forces the rock apart.

Is mechanical
weathering a fast or
slow process?
Mechanical weathering works
slowly.
It wears down rocks and
eventually wears away whole
mountains.

What is chemical
weathering?
A process that breaks
down rock through
chemical changes.

Do the rocks look


the same in
chemical
weathering?

The broken down rock


particles from chemical
weathering have a different
mineral make up from the
rock they came from.

What are the


agents of chemical
weathering?
Water
Oxygen
Carbon dioxide
Living organisms
Acid rain

How do mechanical
and chemical
weathering work
together?
Mechanical weathering
breaks rocks into pieces
which provides more surface
area for chemical weathering.

Mechanical
or
Chemical???

What is erosion?
(Page 253)

Erosion is the process by


which natural forces move
weathered rock and soil
from one place to another.

What are the


causes of erosion?
Gravity
Running water
Glaciers
Waves
Wind

Which cause of erosion is


mainly responsible for
shaping the Earths
surface? (Page 259)
Moving water is the major
agent of erosion that has
shaped Earths land
surface.

What are examples of erosion


that happens quickly?

Landslide
Mudslide
Landslides and mudslides
move a lot of mass quickly
and are dangerous.

What is the difference between


erosion and weathering?

Weathering is the breaking


down of rocks into smaller
rocks while erosion is the
movement of those smaller
rocks from one place to
another.

What is deposition?
Deposition occurs where the
agents of erosion lay down
sediment.
Deposition changes the
shape of the land.

Deposition in a river
(Page 274)
In a river or
stream,
sediment is
eroded from the
outside curve
Sediment is
deposited on
the inside curve