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`The Scientific Revolution Web Quest

PLEASE READ CAREFULLY. Follow the web links EXACTLY to get information to
answer the
questions. You can either print off this PDF file and write in your answers or you can
copy and paste it
into a Word document and type in your answers. You do NOT have to answer in
complete sentences.
1. Where was Copernicus born and what did he do in his early life?
born February 19,1473 in Thorn, Poland
Entered University of Krakow
studied liberal arts/medicine
focused his attention to astronomy.
2. Besides astronomy, what did Copernicus study in school?
Mathematics and Philosophy
3. What different occupations did Copernicus engage in?
A medicine and law
4. What was Copernicus Heliocentric Theory?
Earth was revolving with other planets around the sun
5. When did Copernicus reportedly receive a copy of his printed theory?
By 1543
1. Where was Kepler born and where did he receive his education?
He was born in Weil der Stadht in Swabia in southwest Germany. He
received his education at the Protesant university of Tubingen where he
studied theology.
2. Who did he replace after serving as his assistant?
He replaced Tyco Brahe's after serving as his assistant.
3. What was Keplers mother accused of being?
His mother was accused of being a witch.
1. What invention did Galileo improve upon?
2. What did he discover with his new invention?
With Galileo's invention he discovered the moons of planet Jupiter and the
phases of the planet Venus.
3. What accepted theory was he required to teach the at University of Pisa?
The accepted theory that he was required to teach at the University of Pisa
was sun and all the planets revolved around the Earth-Geocentric Theory
4. Whose theory was he exposed to at the University of Padua?
The theory that he was exposed to at the University of Padua was a new
theory that was proposed by Nicolaus Copernicus which stated that the
Earth and all the other planets revolved around the sun. Also Gaileo's

observations with his new telescope made him believe Copernicus's

heliocentric theory.
5. What was he convicted of and what was the disposition of his sentence?
Galileo was convicted of heresy and forced him to withdraw his support of

Copernicus. They sentenced him to life imprisonment. Because of advanced ageallowed him to serve house arrest at his house arrest

6. Who was born in the year that Galileo died?

Isaac Newton
Francis Bacon
1. By todays standards, Bacon did things at a young age.
a. When did he enter college?
at age 12
b. When did he become a member of the House of Commons?
23 years old
3. What was Bacons fathers role in the Queens court?
Bacon's father's role in the Queen's court was Lord Keeper of the Seal of Elisabeth

4. Describe Bacons method.

Bacon's method was Novum Organum which is a new method to replace that of

Aristotle. He thought that his method would eventually disclose and bring into
sight all that is most hidden and secret in the universe. His method involved
collection of data, judicious interpretation, carrying out of experiments and learn
the secrets of nature by organized observation of its regularities.

Rene Descartes
1. What is the source of this account of Descartes life?
2. What was Descartes excuse for sleeping late?
he was permitted to lie in bed until late in the mornings as a way to preserve his

3. What were Descartes chief contributions to mathematics?

Descartes' chief contributions to mathematics was that he gave a explanation of

the principles of analytical geometry and divides curves into two classes, namely,
geometric and mechanical

5. Besides mathematics, what other science did Descartes delve into?

Light and optics, philosophy, medicine, motion, laws of nature, astronomy
Isaac Newton
1. What was Newtons involvement with the English money system?
Newton's involvement with the English money system was estimating 20 of

money was counterInvolved with master of the mint- where money is printed

2. When did Isaac Newton become Sir Isaac Newton?

3. Besides his work with the law of gravity, what were Newtons other interests?
physical science, chemistry, early history of Western civilization and theology,
historical studies, theology, optics

4. What were Newtons posthumous (after death) publications?

Newton's posthumous publications was The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms

Amended, The System of the World, first draft of Principia, Observations upon
the Prophecies of Daniel and lastly the Apocalypse of St. John.

The Scientific Revolution

Read the introductory material to this site and write a one-paragraph summary on the
impact of the Scientific Revolution.
The scientific revolution was a movement that took place in the sixteenth and
seventeenth centuries in Europe. During this time scientists began to apply what is
known as the scientific method, whereby they used observation, experimentation, and
special tools to discover the laws of nature. These newly invented tools included the
microscope, thermometer, sextant, and slide rule. Among the most famous scientific
thinkers were English mathematician Isaac Newton, English chemist Joseph Priestley,
and French mathematician Ren Descartes.