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HeribertoSanchezUgarte

HonorsEnglishII/Graham2nd
May8,2015
ResearchPaper
http://www.everydayhealth.com/depressionpictures/differenttypesofdepression.aspx#04
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs369/en/

Whatisdepression?Accordingto
Dictionary.com
,depressionisfeelingsofsevere
despondencyanddejectionoramentalconditioncharacterizedbyfeelingsofsevere
despondencyanddejection,typicallyalsowithfeelingsofinadequacyandguilt,often
accompaniedbylackofenergyanddisturbanceofappetiteandsleep.Therearemany
typesofdepressionssuchasmajordepression,Dysthymia,seasonalaffectivedisorder,
postpartumdepression,etc...
Accordingto
PsychologyToday
,about20millionpeoplesufferfromdepressioneach
yearintheU.S.Morethan350millionpeopleworldwidearediagnosedwithdepression
aroundtheworld.Depressionisdifferentfromthedailychallengesinlifetothemood
changesofthatpersonitalsodependsontheintensityandhowlongithasbeenlasting
whichcanhaveharmfuleffectonlifesuchas:thewayoneactsathome,school,or
workplace.Mostcommondepressionsresultorleadtoactsofsuicideandatitsworst,
about1,000,000peopleeveryyearcommitsuicide.
Ofthemanydifferenttypes,majordepressionisdiagnosedmostaroundtheworld.
Itisamentalhealthbehavioranditsalsoamooddisorder.Thistypeisthe#1mood

disorderinthewesternpartoftheworld.By2020,majordepressionwillbecomethe2nd
mosthealthdisablingconditionnexttoheartdisease.Aboutaquarterofthe1,000,000that
commitsuicide,doitbecausetheyarediagnosedwithmajordepression.Majordepression
is4thmostdisablingconditionintheworld,and2ndmostinthedevelopedworld.
Furthermore,amongthe9majortypesofdepressionisDysthymia.Onlyabout2%
arediagnosedwiththiskindofdepressionintheU.S.Thisspecifictypehassymptomssuch
asverylowmoods,sadness,troublewithconcentration,andfatiguewhichisthebody.
PeoplewhohaveDysthymiaaremostlikelytodevelopintohavingmajordepression.
Accordingto
PsychCentral.com
,thebesttreatmentforthistypeisthecombinationof
uncommonantidepressantssuchasSerzoneandpsychotherapy.
Atypicaldepressionisanothertypeofadepressionthatisveryunderdiagnosed.
Thiskindofdepressionhassymptomssuchasfeelingheavinessinyourbodylikeyouare
paralyzed,wantingtosleepmorethantheaverageperson,wantingtoeatmuchwithweight
loss,etc.Whatcausesmostofthesedepressions,Accordingto
MayoClinic,
isbrain
chemicalsthatgetoutofbalanceandyourminddoesntfunctionprobablyalsotraumatic
lifeeventsareoneofthemainreasonspeoplearediagnosedwithdepression.Treatments
forthistypeareserotoninreuptakeinhibitorsSSRI)orNorepinephrineanddopamine
reuptakeinhibitors(NRTIs).
Anotheroneofthe9typesofdepressionisPostpartumdepressionwhichiswhata
newmotherusuallygetsaftertheyhavebaby.Symptomsthemothersmaygetafteraweek
ormonthaftertheirbabyisbornare:moodswings,crying,struggleswithsleeping,and
mostlyfeelingsofshame,guiltandinadequacy.Themaincausesforthistypeareemotional

changesaftergivingbirthsuchasbeingoverwhelmedorinsomniaanotherwouldbe
physicalchangestothemothersbodyafterthebirth.Thetreatmentsforthistypedont
varyfromothertypesjustcounselinganddifferentantidepressants.
Whoarethemainpeoplewhoareaffectedwithdepression?Accordingto
MayoClinic
,about14.8U.Sadultsor6.7ofthepopulationinAmericawhoareolderthan
18areaffected.Themostcommonagethatdepressionisdiagnosedattheageof32,but
theiraremorewomenthanmenwhoareaffected.About1outof8teenshaveatypeof
depression.Ifapersonhasakindofdepressiontheyaremoresuitedtogetaheartattack.
Depressioncanalsobecausedbyothermentalillnessessuchascancer,diabetes,heart
attacks,ormaybeevenParkinsonsdiseases.
Therearealsomanymisconceptionsaboutdepression.Oneofthemostpopular
onesarethatdepressionisjustfeelingsad,butinrealityhavemanymoresymptomsthan
justsadness.Mendontgetdepressiononlywomando,whichisnottruejustthatwomen
aremorelikelytobediagnosedthanmen.
Depressionissomethingthatisreallyunderestimatedwhenitcomestohealthissues
orconditions,itcanbethoughtsofsadnesstothoughtsofsuicide.Depressioncaninterrupt
yourthinkingandcangiveyouthoughtsofsuicidebecauseitsplayingtricksonyour
mind.Itisverymistakenasjustbeinganxiety,65%ofpeoplewhowerediagnosedwith
depressionhadanxiety.
Inconclusion,therearemanytypesofsymptomsandcausesandeffectsthat
depressionhas.Italsoisthemostunderestimatedmentalconditionintheworld.