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# SEPARATION

1pt
1 In gas absorption, when the conditions at the bottom of the tower are fixed and
the gas flow rate is given, the limiting flow rate based on equilibrium conditions that
will require infinitely tall tower is
Select one:
a. minimum liquid flow rate

## d. maximum liquid flow rate

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The correct answer is: maximum liquid flow rate
2 The ease of difficulty of separating components by distillation is determined by
the
Select one:
a. relative valatility

b. viscosity

## c. weight fraction of the components

d. mole-fraction

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The correct answer is: relative valatility
3 The rate equation in terms of the gas-phase mass transfer coefficient is used in
design calculations instead of that in terms of the liquid phase is when
Select one:
a. the tie line is horizontal

## d. the controlling resistance is that of the gas phase

Feedback
The correct answer is: the controlling resistance is that of the gas phase
4 A debutanizer is a
Select one:
a. size reduction equipmant

Feedback

## The correct answer is: mass transfer equipment

5 The mass transfer rate of a material from one phase to another across an
interface is increased by
Select one:
a. increassing

## concentration at the interface between the 2 phases

c. keeping constant

d. making zero

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6 A unit operation in which a soluble component is removed from an inert solid by a
solvent which preferentially dissolves the soluble matter from the mixture is known
as:
Select one:
a. solvent extraction

b. sedimentation

d. leaching

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7 In a vacuum distillation column the vacuum is usually created b y a
Select one:
a. vacuum pump

b. steam ejecctor

c. centrifugal pumpcompressor

Feedback
The correct answer is: vacuum pump
8 In this case a solute in a liquid solution is removed by contacting with another
liquid solvent which is relatively immiscible with the solution
Select one:
a. Absorption

## c. Liquid liquid extraction

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The correct answer is: Liquid liquid extraction
9 When the relative volatily of 2 miscible are close to 1.00 the components can be
separated by
Select one:

a. sedimentation

b. extractive distillation

c. simple fractionation

## d. low pressure distillation

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The correct answer is: extractive distillation
10 To improve the degree of separation of the more volatile component from the
less volatile component through distillation the chemical engineer may, without
changing the other variables.
Select one:
a. increase the reboiler temperature

## d. increase the feed temperature

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The correct answer is: reduce the column pressure
11 "::SEparation101::The separation of a dilute slurry or suspension by gravity
settling into a clear fluid and a slurry of higher solids content is called _____"
Select one:

a. Floatation

b. evaporation

c. sedimentation

d. crystallization

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12 A membrane separation process where the component from a heated liquid
phase permeates through the membrane and is removed under low pressure is
Select one:
a. microfiltration

b. dialysis

c. reverse osmosis

d. pervaporation

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The correct answer is: reverse osmosis
13 In gas absorption,packings are used
Select one:

## a. to reduse the presssure drop created by the following gas

b. to increase the area of the contact between the gas and the liquid

c. to reinforce the absorption tower due to drag created by the liquid and the

gas

## d. to disseminate the heat generated to maintain isothermal conditions

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The correct answer is: to increase the area of the contact between the gas and the
liquid
14 A binary solution, where A is a low boiler,exhibiting a maximum boiling point, is
subjected to flash distillation. If the feed has a concentration in A less than the
azeotropic point, the concentration of the distillate will be
Select one:
a. same

b. higher in B

c. higher in A

Feedback
The correct answer is: higher in B
15 The temperature in a distilling column from bottom to top
Select one:

a. increase

b. decrease

c. maximum

## d. between maximum and minimum

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16 Increasing the operating pressure of a distillation column
Select one:
a. sharpens separation

## d. makes separation difficult

Feedback
The correct answer is: makes separation difficult
17 The degrees of freedom associated with ternary distillation process according to
the Gibb's phase rule is
Select one:

a. 5

b. 2

c. 4

d. 3

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18 In a distilling column the highest pressure will be at :
Select one:
a. the top

b. the bottom

## d. between the feed plate and the top

Feedback
The correct answer is: the bottom
19 The pressure drop along a packed tower is
Select one:
a. directly proportional to the square of the mass flow rate

## d. inversely proportional to the mass flow rate

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The correct answer is: directly proportional to the square of the mass flow rate
20 When the liquid flow rate is fixed and the composition of the liquid and the gas at
the bottom of the absorption tower are fixed , the limiting flow rate to give infinitely
tall tower becomes
Select one:
a. the minimum flow of the rate of the vapor

## d. the maximum flow of the rate of the vapor

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The correct answer is: the minimum flow of the rate of the vapor
21 In a gas absorption column the pressure of the lean gas is expected to be
Select one:
a. higher than

b. lower than

c. the same as

## d. double the pressure of the rich gas entering the column

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The correct answer is: lower than
22 It is not very nessesary to correct the rate equation for the phase drift
encountered during gas absorption,since the height calculated is
Select one:
a. based on the same percentage recovery anyway

## d. slightly over-designed anyway

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The correct answer is: slightly over-designed anyway
23 In a two-component flash distillation process, when the operating pressure is
specified, the concentration of the distillate may be improved in the more volatile
component if
Select one:
a. the amount of distillation is increase

## d. the operating temperature is increase

Feedback
The correct answer is: the operating temperature is decrease
24 When the feed to the column is a saturated liquid,the feed line is
Select one:
a. vertical

## b. inclined to the right

c. horizontal

d. inclined to left

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25 Vacuum distillation is resorted to in order to
Select one:
a. use the thinner shell plates for the column

## d. avoid high feed and reboiler temperatures

Feedback
The correct answer is: reduce the number of trays in the column
26 In teaching, the particle size influences the extraction rate. The smaller size,
I the greater is the interfacial area between the solid and the liquid
II the smaller is the distance the solute must diffuse written the solid
III the lower is the rate of transfer of material
Select one:
a. both I & II

## b. both II and III

c. I only

d. II only

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The correct answer is: both I & II
27 The primary reason why close team is used in an open batch steam distillation is
to:
Select one:
a. supply the heat needed by vaporizing liquid

## d. increase the number of degrees of freedom

Feedback
The correct answer is: increase the number of degrees of freedom
28 The recent availability of digital computers resulted in the development of many
analytical expressions for the evaluation of K-values.Which of the items below is a
source of analitical method for K-values:
i.NRTL
ii.Wilson eqs.
iii.UNIQUAC
ivGPA
Select one:
a. iii only

b. I and iv only

## d. all are sources

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The correct answer is: all are sources
29 At minimum reflux ratio, the number of plates is
Select one:
a. minimum

## b. between minimum and maximum

c. infinite

d. maximum

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30 In the removal of a solute from a water phase by liquid extraction using a
membrane, it is advantageous to use
Select one:
a. an assymetric membrane

b. a polymer membrane

## c. any porous membrane

d. a hydrophobic membrane

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The correct answer is: a hydrophobic membrane
31 In a simple batch distillation, the boiling point of the distillate product compared
to the residue is
Select one:
a. the same

b. higher

c. lower

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32 When the two-film theory is applied to gas absorption, the over-all resistance can
be expressed in terms of the individual resistance in the form 1/Ky/a =
1/ky/a+m/kx/a This is possible because of an important assumption.This
assumption is
Select one:
a. the tie line has a slope between 0 and 1&

## c. the solute forms an ideal solution with the solvent

d. the slope of the equilibrium curve near the tie line is linear

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The correct answer is: the slope of the equilibrium curve near the tie line is linear
33 When the relative volatily of 2 miscible are close to 1.00 the components can be
separated by
Select one:
a. simple fractionation

b. extractive distillation

## c. low pressure distillation

d. sedimentation

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The correct answer is: extractive distillation
34 The major problem in leaching is to promote diffution of the solute out of the
solid and into the liquid.The most effective way of doing this is:
Select one:
a. to reduce the solid to the smallest size feasible

## d. to use cross flow evaporation

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The correct answer is: to reduce the solid to the smallest size feasible
35 Mc Cabe-Thiele method to determine the theoretical number of stages, may be
applied with acceptable results if
Select one:
a. heat losses and heat of solution are very negligiblee

## d. the system follow Trouton&

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36 In distillation where there are two components and both components are found
in both phases,only one variable e.g., liquid p[phase concentration, can be changed
independently if the pressure is fixed and temperature and vapor phase
concentration will follow. Is this
Select one:
a. FALSE

b. true

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37 This concerns the removal of a solute such as a salt from a solution by
precipitating the solute from the solution
Select one:
a. Diffusion

b. evaporation

c. crystallization

d. drying

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38In batch open steam distillation, the solution to be open steam distillled should be
Select one:
a. slightly immiscible in water

## c. completely immiscible in water

d. miscible in water

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The correct answer is: completely immiscible in water
39 The method of separating a particular gaseous component from a mixture of
gases due to their differences in solubility in a liquid phase is
Select one:
a. distillation

b. extraction

d. absorption

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## The correct answer is: absorption

40 The relative volatility of the mixture at the azeotropic point where the solution
exhibits minimum boiling point is
Select one:
a. equal to 1

b. greater than 1

c. less than 1

Feedback
The correct answer is: equal to 1

41
A 50% by weight benzene-toluene mixtures is fed to a column at 180oF and 1 atm.
The condition of this feed is
Select one:
a. sub cooled

b. saturated liquid

c. vapor

## d. mixture of liquid and vapor

Feedback
The correct answer is: sub cooled

42 This process involves the separation of solute from a fluid by diffusion of this
solute from a liquid or gas through a semipermeable membrane barrier to another
liquid
Select one:
a. Distillation

b. membrane separation

c. absorption

Feedback
The correct answer is: membrane separation
43 Agitation of the liquid influences the rate of extraction. Agitation osf solvent is
important because
I it prevents sedimentation
it increases eddy diffusion
III it increases the transfer of material from the surface of the particles to the bulk of
solution
Select one:
a. I only

b. both I and II

c. II only

## d. both II and III

Feedback
The correct answer is: both II and III

44 In a simple batch distillation, the boiling point of the distillate product compared
to the residue is
Select one:
a. lower

b. higher

c. the same

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45 In a gas absorption tower, mass transfer occurs primarily:
Select one:
a. from the gas phase to the packing

## d. from the liquid phase to the packing

Feedback
The correct answer is: from the liquid phase to the packing
46 When the gas flow rate induces flooding in a packed column gas absober,this is
best remedied if the percent recovery of the solute is to be maintained by
Select one:

## d. reducing the liquid flow rate

Feedback
The correct answer is: increasing the diameter of the column
47 In non-ideal leaching conditions, the tie lines slant to the right indicating that the
solute is more highly concentrated in the underflow beacause.
Select one:
a. the solvent and the solute are completely miscible

## d. of equilibrium solubility or f in complete leaching

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The correct answer is: of equilibrium solubility or f in complete leaching
48 The temperature also affects the rate of extraction. In most cases, the solubility
of the material which is being extracted will increase with temperature to
I give a higher rate of extraction
II increase the diffusion coefficient
III prevention of enzyme action

Select one:
a. I only

## b. both II and III

c. II only

d. both I and II

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The correct answer is: both I and II
48 In a two-component flash distillation process, when the operating pressure is
specified, the concentration of the distillate may be improved in the more volatile
component if
Select one:
a. the operating temperature is decrease

## d. none of the above

Feedback
The correct answer is: the operating temperature is decrease
49 The temperature of the solution Prob. 2 as distillation progress at constant
operating pressure is

Select one:
a. constant

b. increasing

c. decreasing

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50 Thera are two underflow-overflow leaching conditions namely ideal and nonideal.The ideal leaching condition exist if:
Select one:
a. all of the choices are correct

b. sufficient contact time for the solvent to penetrate the solute completely is

permitted

c. the carrier solid is completely inert and is not dissolved or entrained in the
solvent
d. the solute is infinitely soluble in the soluble

Feedback
The correct answer is: all of the choices are correct
52 In the case of a straight or concave downward operating line and a straight or
concave upward equilibrium line, the minimum liquidrate is that at which the
Select one:

a. the operating line just touches the equilibrium line on top of the

tower

b. the slope of the operating line is smaller than the equilibrium line

c. the operating line just touches the equilibrium line at the bottom of the tower

d. the operating line intersects the equilibrium line at the middle of the tower

Feedback
The correct answer is: the operating line just touches the equilibrium line at the
bottom of the tower
52 In packed columns,the pressure drop for irrigated packing is always greater than
the pressure drop for dry packings because
Select one:
a. the surface of dry packing is smoother

## c. none of the above

d. the drag friction is lesser than the skin friction for dry packing

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The correct answer is: the flow area of dry packing is greater

53 The difference between stage operation (A) and a continuous phase contact
operation (B) is
Select one:
a. that (B) yields discreet concentration changes while (A) yields infinitissimal
concentration changes
b. that an ideal (B) yields equilibrium concentration while (A) doaes not

## c. that (A) is co-current flow while (B) is counter-current flow

d. that (A) yields discreet concentration changes while (B) yields infinitissimal
concentration changes
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The correct answer is: that (A) yields discreet concentration changes while (B) yields
infinitissimal concentration changes
54 Increasing the operating pressure of a distillation column
Select one:
a. makes separation difficult

## b. requires less heat in the feed heater

c. sharpens separation

## d. does not make a difference in components separation

Feedback
The correct answer is: makes separation difficult

## 55 The mechanism of mass transfer in a gas absorber is best described by

Select one:
a. Two-film story

b. Surface-Renewal theory

## c. the Penetration Theory

d. Chilton-Colburn Analogy

Feedback
The correct answer is: Two-film story
56 In a stripping or desorption operation, the equilibrium curve is
Select one:
a. above the operating line

b. linear

## d. perpendicular with the tie line

Feedback
The correct answer is: above the operating line
57 Description is another term for
Select one:

a. stripping

b. dephlegmation

c. flash distillation

d. rectification

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58 For an absorber(mass transfer from gas into liquid) the operating lines always
Select one:
a. interest at one&

## b. lies above the equilibrium&

45;solubility curve
c. lies below the equilibrium&

## d. coincides the equilibrium curve

Feedback
The correct answer is: lies above the equilibrium&
59 The over-all height of a transfer unit based on the gas phase will equal the gas
phase individual HTU,Hy/ when
Select one:

a. the gsa phase resistance is very small copmared with the liquid phase

## c. the operating line is lenear

d. the liquid&

Feedback
The correct answer is: the liquid&
60 For a mass transfer to take place, there must be
Select one:
a. heat present

## b. more than two components involve

c. enthalpy change

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61 The use of a liquid rate far above the minimum value will result in
Select one:
a. none of the choices

## d. minimum nunber of plates

Feedback
The correct answer is: small number of plates
62 The distribution coefficient of n-hexane at 10 atm abs and 200oC is
Select one:
a. 2&

46;6
b. 1&

c. none

d. 0&

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63 In gas absorption, when the conditions at the bottom of the tower are fixed and
the gas flow rate is given, the limiting flow rate based on the equilibrium conditions
that will require infinitely tall tower is
Select one:
a. minimum liquid flow rate

## d. maximum flow rate

Feedback
The correct answer is: maximum liquid flow rate
64 The physical separation of component in a miscible mixture by simultaneous
evaporation and condensation is
Select one:
a. absorption

b. distillation

c. extraction

d. drying

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65 Open steam binary rectification may be applied with success if the less volatile
component is
Select one:
a. water

b. acetone

c. alcohol

d. benzene

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66 The unit operations bby which the lighter components in a multicomponent
solution of volatile liquids are separated from the heavier components is
Select one:
a. absorption

b. drying

c. distillation

Feedback

## 67 In a membrane separation process, an assymetric membrane refers to

Select one:
a. a membrane that is not uniform in thickness

## d. a membrane that is not symmetrical in thickness

Feedback
The correct answer is: a composite polymer and porous membrane
68 A wetted-wall column is usually used to determine mass transfer coefficient
experementally because _____ is accurately known.
Select one:

## d. thickness of the laminar films adjacent to the interface

Feedback
The correct answer is: mass transfer area
69 In the choice of solvent for gas absorption, one of the properties to be
consideered is
Select one:
a. solvent should be unusual

## d. solvent should be highly viscous

Feedback
The correct answer is: solvent should have a low vapor pressure
70 The primary reason why close team is used in an open batch steam distillation is
to:
Select one:
a. supply the heat needed by vaporizing liquid

## d. increase the operating pressure

Feedback
The correct answer is: increase the number of degrees of freedom
71 Using the Antoine equation, the vapor pressure of tetrahydrofuran at 80oC is
estimatedto be _____ in torr.
Select one:
a. 1173

b. 2526

c. 1518

d. 2000

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72 In the distillation the cooled liquid stream returned to the column to cool a plate
or stage is called
Select one:
a. reboil

b. feed

c. bottms

d. reflux

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73 For moderately soluble gases with relatively little intersection between the gas
and liquid molecules, the law which applies most to establish equilibrium
relationship is
Select one:
a. none of the above

b. Henry&

c. Dalton&

d. Raoult&

39;s law
Feedback
74 In an absorption tower packings are placed inside to
Select one:
a. fill up void spaces

## d. strengthen ther towert

Feedback
The correct answer is: provide a bigger mass transfer area
75 Tha analogy between mass and heat transfer is complete when
Select one:
a. the momentum transfer rate is negligible

## d. no convictive flux or phase drift involved

Feedback
The correct answer is: no convictive flux or phase drift involved
76 When the molal latent heat of vaporization of the binary system is very much
dependent on concentration, the most appropriate method to use to determine the
number of idael stage is
Select one:
a. Fenske- Underwood method

b. Mc Cabe-Thiele method

c. Ponchon-Savarit method

d. Lewis-Matheson method

Feedback
The correct answer is: Ponchon-Savarit method
77 A heat transfer equip[ment to convert vapor to liquid is an/a :
Select one:
a. still

b. condenser

c. reboiler

d. evaporator

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78 In the case of a straight or concave downward operating line and a straight or
concave upward equilibrium line, the minimum liquidrate is that at which the
Select one:
a. the operating line intersects the equilibrium line at the middle of the tower

b. the operating line just touches the equilibrium line at the bottom of the

tower

c. the operating line just touches the equilibrium line on top of the tower

d. the slope of the operating line is smaller than the equilibrium line

Feedback
The correct answer is: the operating line just touches the equilibrium line at the
bottom of the tower
79 In mass transfer, a transfer unit means that
Select one:
a. the average driving force is equal to unity

## d. a mole of solute is transferred in aunit height

Feedback
The correct answer is: the concentration range is equal to the average driving force
80 The unit operation by which miscible liquids are separated from one another
through heat and mass transfer is
Select one:
a. sedimentation

b. filtration

c. extraction

d. distillation

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81 In teaching, the particle size influences the extraction rate. The smaller size,
I the greater is the interfacial area between the solid and the liquid
II the smaller is the distance the solute must diffuse written the solid
III the lower is the rate of transfer of material
Select one:
a. II only

## b. both II and III

c. I only

d. both I & II

Feedback
The correct answer is: both I & II
82 It is a unit operation which involves in the mass transfer of soluble materials
from the liquid phase to the gseous phase
Select one:
a. drying

b. desorption

c. absorption

d. humidification

Feedback
83 A reboiler provides heat to the
Select one:
a. the feed

c. top

## d. the bottom of a distillation column

Feedback
The correct answer is: the bottom of a distillation column
84
Strictly speaking, the relative volatility of most ideal binary solution is
Select one:
a. not affected by temperaturegreatly affected by temperature

## c. slightly affected by temperature

Feedback
The correct answer is: slightly affected by temperature
85 The distillation process involves:
Select one:
a. momentum transfer

b. heat transfer

## c. heat and mass transfer

d. mass transfer

Feedback
The correct answer is: heat and mass transfer

3pts
1 Distillation: Minimum number of theoretical trays can be obtained at
Select one:
a. Minimum Reflux

b. Total Reflux

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The correct answer is: Total Reflux
2 One hundred moles per hour of solution containing 80 moles of A, the rest B is
subjected to a simple continuous distillation. D moles of distillate containing 72
moles A is obtained. If A is five times more volatile than B, the concentration of A in
the distillate is
Select one:
a. none of these

b. 0.85

c. 0.80

d. 0.533

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3 Distillation: if the feed is liquid at boiling point the q line is
Select one:
a. 45

b. Horizontal

c. vertical

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4 For gas absorption where no chemical reaction occurs, the height equivalent to a
theoretical plate(HETP) for a normal packing size of 50 mm may be estimated to be
Select one:
a. 0.9-1.0m

b. 0.7-0.9 m

c. 0.4-0.5m

d. 0.5-0.7m

Feedback

## The correct answer is: 0.7-0.9 m

5 It has been determined that the equivalent HTU and NTU os f a packed absorption
tower are 0.85 ft and 15,resfectively. If the same separation can be done in a 10plate absorption tower,then the HETP isft.
Select one:
a. 12.75none

b. 1.275

c. 0.567

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6 A liquid mixture containing 45% benzene and 55% toluene by weight is to be fed
into a fractionating column at a rate of 5000kg/hr. The feed rate kgmols/hr is
Select one:
a. 58.80lbmols/hr

b. 58.80

c. 28.846

d. 58.74

Feedback

7 If the enthalphy of saturated vapor at 200oF referred to 32oF is 1300 btu/lb while
the enthalphy of saturated liquid (Cp1) refered to 0oF is 400 Btu/lb then the latent
heat of vaporization of the component at 200oF is
Select one:
a. 400Btu/lb

b. 900Btu/lb

c. 932Btu/lb

d. 868Btu/lb

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8 A distillation column with a partial condenser is composed of 7 theoretical stages
in the rectifying section and 8 theoretical stages in stripping section. If the overall
plate efficiency is 60%, then the actual feed plate is the _____ from the top
Select one:
a. 11th

b. 8th

c. 13th

d. 12th

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9 Distillation: the main assumption in this method is that there must be equimolar
overflow through the tower between the feed inlet and the top tray and the feed
inlet and bottom tray.
Select one:
a. Ponchon-Savarit

b. McCabe-Thiele

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10 The percentage change in the boiling point of a 20-mole% solution of benzenetoluene solution when the pressure is increased from 1 atm to 2 atm is
Select one:
a. 25.5-%increase

b. 10.5%increase

c. 10.5-% decrease

d. 25.5-% decrease

Feedback
The correct answer is: 25.5-% decrease
11 The pressure drop induce in a packed column containing 1-in naminal size
tellerettes for a flow rate of gas of 1500 lb/hr-sq ft and 3000 lb/hr-sq ft of liquid is
estimated to be
Select one:

a. 2

b. 0.4

c. 0.7

d. 1.5

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12 Dimensionless number defined as the ratio of momentum diffusivity and mass
diffusivity and is used to characterize fluid flows in which there are simultaneous
momentum and mass diffusion Select one:
a. schmidt

b. prandtl

c. blot

d. Nusselt

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13 One hundred moles per hour of solution containing 80 moles of A, the rest B is
subjected to a simple continuous distillation. D moles of distillate containing 72
moles A is obtained. If A is five times more volatile than B, the concentration of A in
the distillate is

Select one:
a. 0.80

b. 0.85

c. none of these

d. 0.533

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14 The mole fraction of solute entering a gas absorber is 0.25. If the percentage
recovery is 75 percent, then the mole fraction of the solute leaving the tower will be
Select one:
a. 0.0769

b. 0.0833

c. 0.0625

d. 0.157

Feedback

5pts

1 A gas mixture at 1.0 atm pressure abs containing air and CO2 is contacted in a
single-stage mixer continuously with pure water at 293K. The two exit gas and liquid
streams reach equilibrium. The inlet gas flow rate is 100 kgmol/h, with a mole
fraction of CO2 of y-A2=0.20. the liquid flow rate entering is 300 kgmolwater/h.
Calculate the amounts and compositions of the two outlet phases(kgmol/h). Assume
that water does not vaporize to the gas phase.Henry's law constant at 293 K is
0.142x104atm/mol frac
Select one:
a. 100

b. L-1

c. 200; V-1

d. 150; V-1

e. L-1

f. L-1

g. 250

h. 150

i. L-1

j. 300; V-1

k. 200

l. 250;V-1

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2 Coconot oil is to be produce from dry copra in two stages.First, through expellers
to squeeze out part of the coconut oil and then through a counter current multistage solvent extraction process. After expelling, the dry copra cake contains 20%
residual oil. In the solvent extraction operation, 90% of the rasidual oil in the
expeller cake is extracted as a solution containing 50% by weights oil. If fresh
solvent is used and one kg of solution with every 2 kg of insoluble coke is removed
with underflow, the number of ideal stages required is
Select one:
a. 7

b. 5

c. 4

d. 6

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3 A liquid mixture containing 45% benzene and 55% toluene by weight is to be fed
into a fractionating column at a rate of 5000kg/hr. The feed rate kgmols/hr is
Select one:

a. 58.80lbmols&

b. 28&

46;846
c. 58&

d. 58&

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4 What will be the concentration of oxygen dissolved in water at 298K when the
solution is in equilibrium with air at 1 atm total pressure? The Henry's law constant
is 4.38x104atm/mol I) fraction and the partial pressure pAof oxygen in air is 0.21
atm.
Select one:
a. 4.92x10-5

b. 4.8x10-6

c. . 8.4x10-6

d. 9.42x10-4

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5 A slurry flaked soybeans weighing 100kg contains 75kg inert solids and 25 kg of
solutiuon weight % oil and 90 weight % solvent hexane. This slurry is contacted with

100 kg pure hexane in a signle stage so that tha value of retention for the outlet
underflow is 1.5 kg of insoluble solid per kg solvent in the udhering solution. The
compositon of underflow leaving the extraction stage in percent by weight oil is
Select one:
a. 1.5

b. 0.32.3

c. 0.8

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6 What will be the concentration of oxygen dissolved in water at 298K when the
solution is in equilibrium with air at 1 atm total pressure? The Henry's law constant
is 4.38x104atm/mol I) fraction and the partial pressure pAof oxygen in air is 0.21
atm.
Select one:
a. 4.92x10-5

b. 4.8x10-6

c. . 8.4x10-6

d. 9.42x10-4

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7 A slurry flaked soybeans weighing 100kg contains 75kg inert solids and 25 kg of
solutiuon weight % oil and 90 weight % solvent hexane. This slurry is contacted with
100 kg pure hexane in a signle stage so that tha value of retention for the outlet
underflow is 1.5 kg of insoluble solid per kg solvent in the udhering solution. The
compositon of underflow leaving the extraction stage in percent by weight oil is
Select one:
a. 1.5

b. 0.32.3

c. 0.8

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8 "::SEparation106::The ratio between partial pressure of water vapor in air and the
vapor pressure of the water at A the air temperature multiplied by 100 is_____"
Select one:
a. &

37;Saturation
b. &

c. &

d. &

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9 What will be the concentration of oxygen dissolved in water at 298K when the
solution is in equilibrium with air at 1 atm total pressure? The Henry's law constant
is 4.38x104atm/mol I) fraction and the partial pressure pAof oxygen in air is 0.21
atm.
Select one:
a. 4.92x10-5

b. . 8.4x10-6

c. 4.8x10-6

d. 9.42x10-4

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10 Tung meal containing 55% oil is to be extracted at a rate of 4,000 lb per hour
using n-hexane containign 5% wt oil as solvent. A countercurrent multiple stage
extraction system is to be used. The meal retains 2 lb of solvent per pound of oil
free meal while the residual chagre contain 0.11 lb oil per lb oil free meal while the
product is compose of 15 wt percent of oil. The theoretical number of ideal stages
is?
Select one:
a. 4

b. 3

c. 5

d. 6

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11 In a salt recovery plant, rock salt is being leached to produce industrial salt in a
continuous counter current system consisting of two(2) ideal stages using water as
teaching medium. The average composition of the rock salt is : inerts = 70%,
soluble salts =25%, moisture =5%, all percentage by weight. The underflow from
each stage contains 0.3kg of solution per kg inerts.The plant leaches 50 MT of rock
salt per day using 50 MT of water.
The quantity of soluble salts recovered in MT/day is
Select one:
a. 14

b. 11&

c. 12&

d. 13&

46;1
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12 Raw gypsum from a fertilizer plant is being leached out of its salt(NaCl) content
is a 2 step continuous counter current system using salt-free water as leaching
medium. The underflow, CaSO4/ slurry is then sent to a drier to obtain the final
product. The operating data are as follows:Raw gypsum feed = 10 MT/daySalt
content of raw gypsum = 1%wtWater feed rate = 90 m3//dayWtaer content of slurry
= 0.09 MT H2/O per MT CaSO4/,/br>Based on the forgoing data:The percent of the
salt removed in the process is

Select one:
a. 98.9&37;

b. 89.9&37;

c. 95.9&37;

d. 99.9&37;

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