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9th Grade Global Review Sheet- FINAL 2015

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Regentsprep.org --- Global History --- great resource in addition to text book/notes to
study from
Beginnings Civilization:

Neolithic Revolution
8 features of a Civilization

River Valley Civilizations: (3000-1000 BC)


* Why did civilizations emerge near River Valleys?

Egypt
o Nile River- importance
o Achievements- Hieroglyphics, Pyramids
Mesopotamia
o Fertile Crescent
o Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
Sumer:
Cuneiform
Wheel
city-states
Babylon
Code of Hammurabi
Indus River Valley
o Indus River
o Harappa
o well organized cities
China
o Huang He (Yellow River)
o isolation

Classical Civilizations: (1000 BC- 500 AD)

Greece
o City- States: Athens & Sparta
o Direct Democracy
o Alexander the Great- Hellenistic Age, Greek Empire
Rome
o Empire
o Republic
o Twelve Tables of Rome & Pax Romana
India
o Maurya Dynasty
Asoka the Great
o
o

Gupta Dynasty
achievements- invention of Zero, sanskirt ect.
Caste system

China
o Qin Dynasty
Legalism
o Han Dynasty
o Silk Road
o Confucianism

World Religions
For each of the following know the basic teachings and beliefs!
Monotheistic religions:

o Judaism
o Christianity
o Islam
Polytheistic Religions:
o Hinduism
o Buddhism
o Doaism
Nature Religions:
o Animism
o Shintoism

Philosophies of China

Confucianism
Legalism

Byzantine Empire (500-1453)

Eastern Roman Empire


Constantinople
Eastern Orthodox Religion
Justinian Code
Preservation of Greek and Roman
Influence & cultural diffusion on RUSSIA

Islamic Empires (700-1900)

Golden Age of Islam - achievements (medical encyclopedias, caligraphy ect.) (700-1200AD)


Mughal Empire
o Akbar the Great
o location
Safavid Empire
o Location
Ottoman Empire
o Suleiman the Magnificent
o location

Middle Ages (400-1400AD)

Feudalism (structure & system)


Manorialism
Power of the Catholic Church

Crusades (causes & effects!)


End of feudalism= rise of towns, cities, trade-- guilds, strong merchant class 1 st commercial
revolution

Japanese Feudalism

Sturcture
bushido
Tokugawa

Tang & Song China (600s-1200s)

Achievements (gun powder ect.)

The Mongols (1100s-1400s)

Genghis Khan
Kublia Khan
How were the able to conquer?
Pax Mongolia

African Trading Kingdoms (300-1400s)

Bantu Migrations (500 BC- 1500 AD)


Ghana, Songhai, Mali
o Key leaders, locations, Gold & Salt trade

Civilizations of the Americas (300-1500AD)

Mayas, Aztecs, Incas


o location, government, religion, decline (conquistadors)

Age of Exploration

Causes
Explorers (De Gama, Magellan, Columbus ect.)
Columbian Exchange
Mercantilism
Traingular trade
Commercial revolution

Imperialism

Motives- Industrial Revolution


White Mans Burden, Social Darwinism
Scramble for Africa
British Raj
o Sepoy Rebellion
o positive/negative effects on India
Chinao Treaty of Nanjing,
o Sphere of Influence in China,
o Open Door Policy,
o Boxer Rebellion

Egypt- protectorate & Suez Canal


Japan Meiji restorationo Matthew Perry,
o Meji reforms
o Japanese imperialism

STUDY, STUDY, STUDY!!!!!!!!!!! GOOD LUCK!