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CENTRIFUGAL

CENTRIFUGAL
PUMPS
PUMPS

Pumps Classification
CENTRIFUGAL
CENTRIFUGAL

POSITIVE
POSITIVEDISPLACEMENT
DISPLACEMENT

RECIPROCATING
RECIPROCATING

ROTARY
ROTARY

PISTON

GEAR

PLUNGER

SCREW
LOBE
VANE
OTHERS

DIAPHRAGM
DIAPHRAGM

Pumps

Centrifugal
pumps

Reciprocating
pumps

Rotary pumps

SOME TYPES OF CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS

DOUBLE SUCTION

OPPOSITE IMPELLERS

SINGLE IMPELLER

MULTI STAGE

IMPELLER

Balancing Drum
P4

P0
P4
MULTI STAGE

P0

SPLIT
SPLITTYPE
TYPE
PUMPS
PUMPS

BARREL
BARRELTYPE
TYPE
PUMPS
PUMPS

OPPOSITE
OPPOSITEIMPELLERS
IMPELLERS
MULTI
MULTISTAGE
STAGE

CENTRIFUGAL
CENTRIFUGALPUMPS
PUMPS
CURVE
CURVELOSSES
LOSSES

EDDY LOSS
LEAK LOSS
HEAT LOSS

THEORITICAL
CURVE

P psi

40

50

or

20

30

ACTUAL
CURVE

10

H ft

FRICTION LOSS

100

200

300

400

500

600

Q g.p.m.

700

Centrifugal
Centrifugal pumps
pumps
in
in series
series
Q

P2

P1

Q
P1

P0
P1

PP22 == PP11

P2

++

PP22

Centrifugal
Centrifugal
pumps
pumps
in
in series
series

H ft
70

80

COMPINEND
NEW Q -H

HT

60

HT = HA + HB

PUMP A

10

HA

20

30

HB

40

50

PUMP B

100

200

300

400

500

Q g.p.m.

CENTRIFUGAL
CENTRIFUGALPUMPS
PUMPS
IN
IN PARALLEL
PARALLEL

P psi

COMPINEND
NEW Q -H

30

40

PUMP A , B
CURVES

20
10

H ft

50

or

Q
300

2Q
600

Q g.p.m.

ISO- EFFICIENCY CURVES


60

N1

.70

N2

50

N3

20

30

N1

10

N3

N2

30 40 50 60 70

40

50

60

70

H ft

100
Pump ( RPM )

200

N1 >N2 >N3

300

400

500

Q gpm.

NS

EFFICIENCY
EFFICIENCYAS
ASAAFUNCTION
FUNCTIONOF
OF
SPECIFIC
SPECIFICSPEED
SPEEDAND
ANDPUMP
PUMPFLOW
FLOWRATE
RATE

1.0
0.9

0.8

0.8
100

0.7

200

500

300

1000

3000

10000 GPM

50
30

0.6
0.5
0.4

10 GPM

0.3
0.2
0.1

1200

500

IF
AND

Q = 500 GPM
NS = 1200

1000

NS

1500

2000

N Q
H

3/ 4

2500

3000

1.0

0.84

0.9
0.8

200

100

0.7

500

300

3000

1000

10000 GPM

50
30

0.6
0.5
0.4

10 GPM

0.3
0.2
0.1

1250
500

IF
N = 2000 RPM
Q = 1600 GPM
H

= 256 FT/ Impeller

1500

1000

NS

NS

3/ 4

1600
3/ 4

256

3000

2000

2500

2000

NS

80000
64

1250

V
2g

lo
e
v

y
t
i
c

pr
es
s

ur
e

FLOW KINAMATIC ENERGY

velocity

re
u
s
s
pre
suction

Shaft

Impeller
shroud

volute

IF THE PUMP SPEED CHANGES


N1 = 2000 RPM
Q1
P1
HP1

=
=
=

Q2
Q1
P2

HP
HP

2
1

Q2
P2
HP2

200 GPM
400 p s i
40

Q2

N2
N1
3000
2000

P1

N2 = 3000 RPM

TO

3000
2000

P2

3000
2000

400
3

HP
40

300 GPM
900

3000
2000

psi

135

3000
2000

200
2

=
=
=

Q2

300 GPM

P2

900

HP2

135 HP

psi

Pd
Pd

BALANCED
ZONE

PS

Pd

UNBALANCED
ZONE

PS

Pd

UNBALANCED
ZONE

Pd

BALANCED
ZONE

BALANCING DISK

P1

P2

P4

P3

Balancing disk

P4

P0

P0

P4
P0

P1 P0

P2 P 1

P4 P0

P3 P2

P4 P3

P4 P0

Mechanical
Mechanical seal
seal and
and bearings
bearings arrangement
arrangement

Equipment