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Trc nghim Ha sinh

Cactus

TRC NGHIM LIN QUAN VA IU HOA


CAC QUA TRNH CHUYN HOA
1.Glucid co th chuyn hoa thanh Lipid, nh vao :
A.Thoai hoa Acid beo bao hoa
B.Phan ng trao i amin
C.ng phn Hexose DiPhosphat va Hexose Mono Phosphat (chu
trnh Pentose Phosphat) cung cp Acetyl CoA va NADPHH + ri
tng hp thanh acid beo
D.Qua trnh tn sinh ng
E.Tt ca cac cu trn u ung
2. Triglycerid c tao thanh m m khi d tha glucid la do :
A. Cac acid min kt hp vi nhau bng lin kt peptid.
B. Acid beo c tng hp t Acetyl CoA, kt hp vi glycerol
tao ra t chuyn hoa glucid.
C. Qua trnh tn sinh ng.
D. Thoai hoa acid beo bao hoa .
E.Cholesterol este hoa vi acid beo
3. Trong ai ng th phu thuc Insulin, thiu Insulin dn ti :
A. Enzym Glucokinase giam hoat hoa
B. Nng lng do thoai hoa glucid giam
C. Thoai hoa acid beo bao hoa tng
D. Acetyl CoA khng chuyn hoa bnh thng c trong chu
trnh Krebs

E. Tt ca cac cu trn u ung.


4. Trong bnh ai ng th phu thuc Insulin, giai oan cui
bnh nhn thng cht trong tnh trang hn m do toan mau. o
la hu qua :
1.
Do tng chuyn hoa Acetyl CoA thanh cac th Cetonic
2.
Do Acetyl CoA khng chuyn hoa bnh thng c trong chu
trnh Krebs
3.
Do thiu NADPHH+ nn giam tng hp Acetyl CoA thanh acid
beo
4.
Do dung nhiu Insulin
5.
Do thiu NADHH+
Chon tp hp ung :
A. 1,2,3
B. 2,3,4
C. 1,3,4
D. 1,4,5
E. 2,4,5
5. Chuyn hoa lipid thanh glucid thng la :
A. D dang, thng xuyn xay ra .
B. Han ch, t xay ra v phai trai qua nhiu giai oan.
C. Nh vao qua trnh ng phn Hexose Diphosphat cung cp
Acetyl CoA.
D. Nh vao qua trnh ng phn Hexose monophosphat (chu trnh
pentose phosphat) cung cp NADPHH+
E. Qua chu trnh Ur.

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Trc nghim Ha sinh

Cactus

6. Chuyn hoa lipid thanh glucid thng xay ra qua cac giai oan
la:
1. Thoai hoa acid beo thanh acetyl CoA.
2. Thoai hoa glucose thanh pyuvat ri thanh Acetyl CoA.
3. Acetyl CoA i vao chu trnh Krebs chuyn hoa thanh oxaloacetat.
4. T oxaloacetat chuyn hoa thanh phosphoenol pyuvat
5. T Aspartat trao i amin tao oxaloacetat.
Chon tp hp ung :
A. 1,2,3
B. 2,3,4
C. 1,2,4
D. 1,3,4
E. 2,4,5
7. Glucid chuyn hoa thanh protid qua :
A. Chu trnh Ur.
B. Chu trnh Cori.
C. Mt s acid cetonic tao thanh trong chuyn hoa
glucid,tham gia vao qua trnh trao i amin tao thanh acid
amin.
D. Qua trnh chuyn hoa acid amin thanh cac san phm trung
gian trong chu trnh Krebs.
E. Chuyn hoa acid amin thanh acetyl CoA.
8. Protid chuyn hoa thanh glucid la do :
A. Mt s acid amin theo con ng chuyn hoa ring thanh
oxaloacetat.
B. T oxalo acetat chuyn hoa thanh Aspartat.
C. T ceto glutarat trao i amin tao thanh glutamat.
D. Chuyn hoa cua pyuvat qua chu trnh Cori
E. Tt ca cac cu trn u ung.
9. Protid chuyn hoa thanh lipid la do :
A. Mt s acid amin chuyn hoa thanh cetoglutarate la nguyn
liu tng hp acid beo.
B. Aspartat chuyn hoa thanh cac san phm trung gian trong chu
trnh Ur.
C. Mt s acid amin chuyn hoa thanh acetyl CoA, acetyl CoA
la nguyn liu tng hp acid beo.
D. Cac acid amin chuyn hoa thanh pyuvat ri thanh Lactat la
nguyn liu tng hp acid beo.
E. B, C, D, E tt ca u sai
10. Protid co th chuyn hoa thanh acid nucleic do:
A. Mt s acid amin nh aspartat, glutamin, glycin tham gia
tng hp base pyrimidin va purin.
B. Aspastat, arginin, glycin tng hp base purin.
C. Glutamin, glycin, arginin tng hp base pyrimidin.
D. Mt s cac acid amin chuyn hoa thanh cac san phm trung
gian trong chu trnh Krebs, ri t cac san phm nay tng
hp cac base purin va pyrimidin.
E. Mt s cac acid amin nh glutamat, aspartat, arginin tng
hp cac base purin va pyrimidin.
11. Glucid co th chuyn hoa thanh acid nucleic do:

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Trc nghim Ha sinh

Cactus

A.

ng phn theo con ng hexose diphosphat cung cp


ribosephosphat.
B. ng phn theo con ng hexose monophostphat (Chu trnh
pentose) cung cp NADPHH+ tng hp acid nucleic.
C . ng phn theo con ng hexose monophosphat (chu trnh
pentose) cung cp ribose 5phosphat .
D. S thuy phn ribonucleotid giai phong ribose.
E. ng phn hexose diphotsphat cung cp glycerol phosphat.
12. Acid nucleic co th chuyn hoa thanh glucid la do :
1. Glucose c tng hp t UDP glucose, san pham thuy phn
cua acid nucleic. .
2. Glucose c tng hp t CDP , san pham thuy phn cua
acid nucleic.
3. UDP glucose co UDP c tao thanh t UTP , UTP la san
phm thuy phn cua acid nucleic .
4. Acid nucleic thuy phn giai phong ribose, ribose co th tao
thanh glucose.
5. Glucose c tng hp qua phosphoenolpyruvat do chuyn
hoa acid nucleic cung cp .
chon tp hp ung :
A. 1 ,3 ,5
B. 2 , 3 ,4
C. 2 ,3 ,5
D . 1 ,2 ,3
E 1 ,3 ,4.
13.Acid nucleic co th chuyn hoa thanh lipid la do :
A. Cung cp UDP cho qua trnh tng hp photpholipid.
B. Cung cp CDP cho qua trnh tng hp photpholipid.
C. Cung cp glycerol phospphat cho tng hp lipid.
D. Cung cp Acetyl CoA cho tng hp acid beo.
E. Tt ca cac cu trn u sai .
14. Lin quan gia chu trnh Krebs, chui h hp t bao va qua
trnh phosphoryl hoa th hin :
1. Chui h hp t bao cung cp c cht cho Hydro.
2. Chu trnh Krebs cung cp c cht cho hydro cho chui h hp
t bao .
3. Nng lng tao thanh do H+ va e c vn chuyn trong
chu trnh Krebs n kt hp vi Oxy tao thanh H2O.
4. Chui h hp t bao vn chuyn H + va e t nhng c
cht cho hydro kt hp Oxy giai phong nng lng .
5. Nng lng tao thanh t chui h hp t bao mt phn
di dang d tr ATP nh qua trnh phosphoryl hoa.
Chon tp hp ung :
A. 1, 2, 3
B. 1, 3, 4 C. 1, 3, 5
D . 2, 4, 5
E .2, 3, 4.
15. Chu trnh Krebes lin quan ti chu trnh ur qua :
A Oxaloacetat - Aspatat - Fumarat.
B. Ornithin - Citrulin - Aspartat .
C.Arginin - Ornitin - Citrulin.
D. Carbamyl phosphat - Citrulin- Aspartat

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Trc nghim Ha sinh

Cactus

E. Carbamyl phosphat -Arginosuccirat -Citrulin.


16. Trong c th,iu hoa cac qua trnh chuyn hoa thng do:
A. iu hoa qua s cam ng tng hp enzym.
B. iu hoa qua s km ham tng hp enzym.
C. iu hoa qua s hoat hoa va c ch hoat ng enzym.
D. iu hoa theo c ch phan hi (Feedback).
E. Tt ca cac cu trn u ung.
17. Trong c th, cac enzym ng tiu hoa luc u thng
dang bt hoat. Sau o nh mt s enzym xuc tac bin thanh
hoat ng.
V du:
Enzym
Trypsinogen (-)
Trypsin (+)
Enzym xuc tac phan ng trn co th la :
A.Trypsin hoc enterokinase.
B. Pepsin hoc enterokinase.
C. Trypsin hoc Chymotrypsin.
D. Chymotrypsin hoc enterokinase.
E. Pepsin hoc Chymotrypsin.
18. Khi tng ng huyt, c th iu hoa bng cach:
1. Tng tng hp Glucose 6 Phosphatase
2. Giam tng hp Fructose 1.6 Diphotphatase
3. Tng tng hp Photphofructose Kinase
4. Giam tng hp Glucose 6 Phosphatase
5. Tng tng hp Fructose 1.6 Diphotphatase
Chon tp hp ung:
A. 1.3.5
B. 2.3.4
C. 1.2.5
D. 3.4.5
E. Tt ca cac cu
trn u sai
19. Khi ha ng huyt, c th iu hoa bng cach c ch
enzym Fructose 1.6 Diphotphatase
A. ung
B. Sai
20. Bng nhng con ng chuyn hoa ring cac acid amine sau
co th tao thanh acetyl CoA ri t o co th tng hp c
acid beo:
A.
Phe, Tyr, Trp, His, Leu.
B.
Phe, Glu, Trp, Lys, Leu.
C.
Phe, Tyr, Asn, Lys, Leu.
D.
Phe, Tyr, Trp, Lys, Arg.

E.

Phe, Tyr, Trp, Lys, Leu.

21. Acetyl CoA co th chuyn hoa theo nhiu hng nh sau:


1.
Tng hp thanh acid beo hoc tng hp thanh
cholesterol
2.
Chuyn thanh pyruvat
3.
Tip tuc thoai hoa trong chu trnh Krebs
4.
Chuyn thanh th cetonic
5.
Trong iu kin ym kh chuyn thanh lactat

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Trc nghim Ha sinh

Cactus

Chon tp hp ung sau:


A: 1, 2, 3;
B: 2, 3, 4;
C: 3, 4, 5;
D: 1, 3, 4
E: 2, 3, 4.
22. Oxaloacetat c tao thanh trc tip t:
1.
Pyruvat
2.
Aspartat
3.
Fumarat
4.
Citrat
5.
Acetyl CoA.
Chon tp hp ung: A. 1, 2
B. 2, 3
C. 3, 4
D. 3, 5
E. 4, 5
23. Vitamin D3 c tao thanh do tac ng cua tia cc tm vao:
A. Tyrosin
B. Triglycerid

C. Cholesterol
D. Ergosterol
E. Phenylalanin
24. Glucose 6 phosphat c tao thanh trc tip t:

A.

Glucose

B. Fructose
C. Lactose
D. Glycogen
E. Ribose 5 phosphat
25. Pyruvat co th c tao thanh t:
1.
Mt s acid amin nh Ala, Ser, Cys...
2.
Mt s acid amin nh Phe, Tyr, Trp...
3.
San phm ng phn cua Glucose
4.
Acetyl CoA
5.
Acid beo
Chon tp hp ung: A. 1, 2.
B. 1, 3.
D. 2, 4.
E.3, 5.
26. ceto glutarat c tao thanh trc tip t :

A.

C. 2, 3.

Glutamat, Oxalosuccinat

B.
Glutamat, Citrat
C.
Glutamat, Succinyl CoA
D.
Glutamin, Oxalosuccinat
E.
Glutamin, Succinyl CoA
27. Cac cht sau la nguyn liu quan trong tng hp
Hemoglobin:
A. Succinyl CoA, Leucin

B. Succinyl CoA, Glycin


C. Acetyl CoA, Alanin
D. Succinyl CoA, Valin
E. Succinyl CoA, Isoleucin
28. S mi lin quan gia chu trnh ur va chu trnh Krebs:
Citrulin

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oxaloacetat
Chu
trnh
Krebs

Trc nghim Ha sinh

Cactus

Ornithin Chu trnh ure Arginosuccinat


Ure
Fumarat

Malat

Arginin

v tr ? cua s trn la:


A. Glutamat
B. Malat
C. Aspartat
D. Asparagin
E. Alanin
29. C cht co kha nng cho hydro mun tao thanh ATP phai trai
qua:
A. H hp t bao
B. Phosphoryl hoa
C. Chu trnh Krebs
D. Tac dung trc tip vi O2

E. H hp t bao va Phosphoryl hoa

30. Trong chui bin hoa sau:


Glucose
Glucose 6 P
Glycogen
ch con thiu (co du ?) la:
A. Glucose 3 P
B. Glucose 4 P
C. Fructose 1 P
D. Fructose 1-6 D P

E. Glucose 1 P
31. Chuyn hoa Glucose theo con ng hexose monophosphat lin
quan n tng hp acid beo qua:
A.
NAD+ va NADHH+
B.
C.

NADP+ va NADPHH+

FAD va FADH2
CoQ va CoQH2
E.
FMN va FMNH2
32. Arginin co th :
1. Phn huy thanh Ur va Ornithin
2. Cung vi Glycin va Methionin tao thanh Creatinin
3. Cung vi succinyl CoA va Glycin tao thanh Hemoglobin.
4. Kt hp vi Carbamyl phosphat tao thanh Citrulin
Chon tp hp ung:
D.

A. 1, 2.
B.
C.
D.
E.

2,
3,
1,
1,

3.
4.
3.
4.

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