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Curriculum Unit Development and

Implementation Plan

Curriculum Planning and Implementation EDUC5302


Facilitator: Dr. W. Hardman

Jake Sandison
100530904

Table of Contents
Curriculum Unit Development and Implementation Plan .............................................................. 3
Overview ..................................................................................................................................... 3
Course Outline ................................................................................................................................ 4
Lesson Plan: Weekend Workshop Format: Pre-Workshop and Day 1 ........................................... 9
Lesson Plan: Weekend Workshop Format: Day 2 ......................................................................... 12
References .................................................................................................................................... 14

Curriculum Unit Development and Implementation Plan


Overview
The following documents outline the curriculum design and implementation for a weekend
workshop for homeowners and enthusiasts to develop skills and knowledge related to the art
of dry stack stone work and landscaping. This package includes the following:
1. A relative static course outline that indicates the weighted learning outcomes, authentic
assessment and the aligned learning activities
2. A detailed lesson plan that incorporates pre-workshop activities along with the weekend
workshop itself
3. Embedded links to samples of learning activities and content
4. Embedded links to critical evaluation and to expansions on the underlying theory
incorporated into the design.
To support both the fictitious dry stack workshop and the theoretical a weebly website has
been created with various links to external documents, websites, YouTube videos and other
web-based learning objects (WBLOs).
Specifically, the hyperlinks will connect to more detail on the use of backward design and
universal design for learning in the overall design. Also, the use of Magers approach to
outcomes will be highlighted. Finally, there is a detailed description of the use of aligned and
authentic assessment to evaluate the learning outcomes.
For convenience, a list of some of the WBLOs have been indicated here below:

Weebly Website
Dry Stack Intro Video
Dry Stack Feature Video
Dry Stack Tools and Safety Video
Adobe Voice video summarizing learning outcomes
Ruth Stiehl web article related to backward design

There are other files and other sources attached within the Weebly website.

Course Outline
Course Name: Introduction to Dry Stack
Course Code:

DRYS 1000

Course
Hours:
Facilitator:

25

Class

Jake Sandison
Lab

3 hours

Field

Other

Total

20 hours

2 hours

25

Prerequisites/Corequisites/Equivalent Courses

PR/CO/EQ

Course Code

Course Name

N/A

This Course Is A Prerequisite For:


Course Code

Course Name

DRYS 2000

Advanced Dry Stack Structures

Dean
Approval:
1.

Date:

Calendar Description:

This is an introductory course that will allow the student the opportunity to develop basic
skills to safely tackle a simple dry stack landscape feature. This course is ideally suited
to for anyone young and old - who enjoys working outdoors with their hands.
Participants will work together in a small group to complete a walling project. In addition
to the hands on, experiential learning, students will discuss the history and philosophy
of dry stack along with the ecologically friendly benefits of using this construction
medium.

Course Learning Outcomes:

2.

Upon successful completion of this course


the student will reliably demonstrate the ability to:
1. Apply principles of dry stack construction to contribute to the safe construction of
a stone structure
2. Articulate a personal philosophy of dry stack construction
3. Discuss the benefits of dry stack construction as it relates to sustainability
4. Utilize safe and effective work site practices while working on dry stack
construction

3.

Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition (PLAR):

Students may apply to receive credit by demonstrating achievement of the course


learning outcomes through previous life and work experiences.
This course is eligible for challenge through the following method(s) indicated by *
Challenge Exam

Portfolio

Interview

Dual Credit

Other

Not Eligible

PLAR Contact:
Jake Sandison jason.sandison@uoit.ca

4.

Required Texts, Materials, Resources or Technical Materials Required:


1.
2.
3.
4.

Principles of Dry Stack Stone Work (handout), DSWA


Course website - http://drystackstone.weebly.com/
Selected YouTube videos
Other recommended (leisurely) readings are recommended at the end of the
handout package

5.

Evaluation:

Students will demonstrate learning in the following ways:


Course Learning Outcomes

Evaluation Type(s)

1. Apply principles of dry


stack construction to
contribute to the safe
construction of a stone
structure

Practicum, Quiz

2. Articulate a personal
philosophy of dry stack
construction

Discussion,

3. Discuss the benefits of


dry stack construction as
it relates to sustainability

Discussion

4. Utilize safe and effective


work site practices while
working on dry stack
construction

Practicum, Quiz

Outcome Weighting

50

10

Written assignment

10

30

Total:
6.

100 %

Other:

Safety:
Personal safety is paramount for all participants. Although we will be working
safely and within groups, it is strongly advised to work within your limits and
wear protective equipment at all times. Failure to do so will prohibit you from
participation in the hands-on portion of the workshop
Please notify the course facilitator of any reason (medical or otherwise) that you
feel would preclude you from participating in any of the physical portions of the
workshop

7.

Learning Outcomes, Elements of Performance and Learning Activities:


Elements of Performance

Course Learning
Outcomes

1. Apply
principles of
dry stack
construction to
contribute to
the safe
construction of
a stone
structure

select appropriate tools used in shaping stone


effectively shape stone with
appropriate tools as required
estimate the amount of stone
required for a project
identify the requirements for
an adequate stone structure
foundation
discuss the rationale for an
effective foundation
apply a batter frame to a
stone wall structure
utilize design principles such
as:
o 2 over 1
o 1 over 2
o Avoiding tracing
o Through stones
o Corner stones
o Hearting
o Batter
o Stone size
o Coping stones
Use tools to effectively make
hearting stone
Effectively heart the wall to
ensure wall stability
Use a strategy to select and
categorize random stone for
use in the stone structure
(base stones, corner stones,
problem stones, coping
stones)
Use a 2-string method to
keep wall structures in line
with path and batter angle

Learning Activities/
Resources
Demonstrations, selected
readings, instructional
videos, discussions,
practical applications,
reflection exercises

Elements of Performance

Course Learning
Outcomes

2. Articulate a
personal
philosophy of
dry stack
construction

3. Discuss the
benefits of dry
stack
construction
as it relates to
sustainability

4. Utilize safe
and effective
work site
practices while
working on dry
stack
construction

Learning Activities/
Resources

Discuss rationale for wanting


to learn dry stack
Discuss the historical context
of dry stack construction
Identify personal growth
opportunities associated with
the process and product of
dry stack construction

selected readings,
discussions,reflection
exercises

Identify the environmentally


friendly attributes of dry
stack construction
Compare dry stack
construction to other forms
of landscape options
Identify the least
environmentally impactful
options for acquiring building
material for dry stack
construction

Demonstrations, selected
readings, instructional
videos, discussions,
practical applications,
reflection exercises

Identify and use the proper


safety equipment for working
with stone
o Safety glasses
o Gloves
o Safety footwear
o Clothing options
Utilize strategies for
effectively and efficiently
moving stone of various
sizes
o Dolly carts
o Wheel barrows
o Rolling
o Ramps
o Lifting techniques
Discuss strategies for pacing
work and getting assistance
with large stones

Demonstrations, selected
readings, instructional
videos, discussions,
practical applications,
reflection exercises

DRYS 1000

Introduction to Dry Stack

Lesson Plan: Weekend Workshop Format: Pre-Workshop and Day 1


Workshop Outcomes (Course Learning Outcomes)
1. Apply principles of dry stack construction to contribute to the safe construction of a stone
structure
2. Articulate a personal philosophy of dry stack construction
3. Discuss the benefits of dry stack construction as it relates to sustainability
4. Utilize safe and effective work site practices while working on dry stack construction

Day &
Time
PreWorkshop
(approx..
2 hours)

Activity

Notes
Participants will review the handout
material and view the specified videos
(these documents and links will be
emailed to participants after
registration)

Resources
Required
Selected
readings,
videos,
participant
email info

Related
CLOs
1, 4

Online
Asynchronous
Work

Saturday
8:00 a.m.

Welcome and
refreshments

Participants will informally meet and


enjoy refreshments and snacks

Refreshments
and snacks

8:20 a.m.

Introduction

Review the outcomes and format for


the 2-day workshop
Formal introductions of the instructor
and participants
Participants identify why they wanted
to take the course
Ensure all participants have necessary
safety equipment at the ready
Discuss the history of dry stack
review design principles such as:
o 2 over 1
o 1 over 2
o Avoiding tracing
o Through stones
o Corner stones
o Hearting
o Batter
o Stone size
o Coping stones
estimate the amount of stone required
for a project
identify the requirements for an
adequate stone structure foundation

Flip chart,
Samples and
extra safety
equipment as
needed

2, 4

Flip chart,
presentation,
demonstration

1,2,4

8:40 a.m.

History and
Theory

DRYS 1000

Introduction to Dry Stack


-

discuss the rationale for an effective


foundation
apply a batter frame to a stone wall
structure

9:30 a.m.

Discussion and
Demonstration:
moving stone
and safety tips

Review and practice ways to select


stone, move stone and plan out a
work site

9:50 a.m.

Starting the
wall

Foundation will have been prepared


prior to workshop
Illustrate the dimensions and use of
gravel drainage for a proper
foundation
Divide the participants along the
length of the wall
Focus first on cheek ends of wall and
work towards the middle

10:10 a.m. Hearting


And working
with stone
tools

10:30 a.m. Continued wall


building

12:00
p.m.

Lunch and
philosophy
discussions

Tutorial on making hearting


(one bucket of hearting made prior to
workshop)
Demonstration of proper use of tracer
and point chisels as well as stone
hammer.
Participants will practice shaping
stone with tools (supervised) as wall
construction necessitates
Participants will take turns making
hearting and hearting the wall as
construction progresses
Continued progress and feedback on
progress of wall construction

Facilitate a lunch time discussion that


encourages participants to identify
personal growth opportunities
associated with the process and
product of dry stack construction
Distribute images of spectacular stone
structures for inspiration

Demonstration, 1, 4
dolly, carts,
wheelbarrows,
safety
equipment
Demonstration, 1, 4
dolly, carts,
wheelbarrows,
safety
equipment

Demonstration, 1, 4
chisels,
hammers,
buckets

Demonstration, 1,4
chisels,
hammers,
buckets
Images, table
2
top question
cards

DRYS 1000
12:45
p.m.

Introduction to Dry Stack


Setting up
batter angles
and guide
strings

1:10 p.m.

Continued wall
building

4:20 p.m.

Clean-up work
site

4:35 p.m.

Quiz on key
concepts

4:55 5:00

Wrap-up
summary for
Day 1

Discuss the 1-2-3 proportions to guide


the batter angle and wall dimensions
Establish metal guide posts to follow
batter angle
Run double string lines as a line of
sight guide to guide batter angle along
the wall

Batter frame,
metal fence
posts, string

1,4

Continued progress and feedback on


progress of wall construction
Encourage participants to rotate to
different parts of the wall and to take
turns making hearting and shaping
stones
Care for tools
Remove random and hazardous stones
Fill buckets with hearting

Demonstration, 1,4
chisels,
hammers,
buckets

Buckets,
brooms

A short answer/objective test


Compare answers with partners
Correct quiz results as necessary
Summarize progress
Outline homework to write a
paragraph reflect of personal
philosophy of dry stack
Outline Day 2 structure

Quiz, seating
space, pencils

Personal
philosophy
assignment

1,2,4

DRYS 1000

Introduction to Dry Stack

Lesson Plan: Weekend Workshop Format: Day 2


Workshop Outcomes (Course Learning Outcomes)
1. Apply principles of dry stack construction to contribute to the safe construction of a stone
structure
2. Articulate a personal philosophy of dry stack construction
3. Discuss the benefits of dry stack construction as it relates to sustainability
4. Utilize safe and effective work site practices while working on dry stack construction

Day &
Time
Sunday
8:00 a.m.

Activity

Notes

Welcome and
refreshments

Participants will informally meet and


enjoy refreshments and snacks

8:20 a.m.

Share personal
philosophy
statement
Warm up and
site
preparation

8:45 a.m.

9:00 a.m.

Continued wall
building

11:15 a.m. Discussion and


Highlights

Resources
Required
Refreshments
and snacks

Related
CLOs
1

If comfortable, participants will share


their personal philosophy that they
drafted the previous evening
Set out tools and hearting buckets
Slowly bring stone to working area
(lifting carefully)
Sort stones according to shape and
potentially use ( cheek ends, corners,
coping stones)

discussion

Tools, hearting
buckets, steel
fence posts,
string

1,2,4

Continued progress and feedback on


progress of wall construction
Participants will practice shaping
stone with tools (supervised) as wall
construction necessitates
Participants will take turns making
hearting and hearting the wall as
construction progresses
Encourage participants to step back
and reflect on progress
Point out highlights and successes of
the wall construction
Lead discussion to encourage
participants to develop next steps and
prioritize efforts as wall nears
completion

Demonstration, 1,4
chisels,
hammers,
buckets

Discussion

1, 4

DRYS 1000

Introduction to Dry Stack

11:45 a.m. lunch

Social discussions held over lunch

1:00 p.m.

Continued wall
building

Continued progress and feedback on


progress of wall construction

2:00 p.m.

Coping the wall

Demonstration, 1, 4
chisels,
hammers,
buckets
Establish a finished height string line
Demonstration, 1,4
and build wall to it
chisels, string
As wall nears completion, demonstrate hammers,
how to start and place vertical coping
buckets
stones
As wall nears completion, designate
Rakes, brooms 2
some participants to start clean - up
Remainder of participants complete
Enjoy beverages and snacks and enjoy Beverages,
1,2,3,4
and appreciate accomplishments
camera,
Take photos
discussion
Share final reflections and highlights

Final good-byes

2:30
3:30 p.m.
3:30
5:00

5:00 p.m.

Finish wall and


clean up
Celebration,
photos and
final reflections

Workshop
concludes

1, 2

References
Mager, R.F. (1984). Preparing instructional objectives. (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: David S. Lake.
Wiggins, G., & McTighe, J. (1998). Understanding by design. Alexandria, VA: Association for
Supervision and Curriculum Development.
Shannon, T. (2011). The Relative Weighting of Learning Outcomes. Council of Private Higher
Education Discussion Papers, (3). Retrieved from http://cophe.edu.au/policy/discussionpapers/COPHEDP3Learningoutcomesandassessment.pdf/index_html
Stiehl, R., Lewchuk, L. (2002). Reconstructing the College Curriculum. Learning Abstracts. 5(6).
Retrieved from
http://www.tcc.edu/welcome/collegeadmin/OIE/SOA/documents/Reconstructing_College
_Curriculum_Stiehl_2002.pdf