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TUTORIAL 5

FLEXURAL MEMBERS
Lateral Torsion Buckling

Summary

Summary of design process


The design process for a beam can be summarised as follows
(a) Determination of all forces and moments on critical section
(b) Selection of UB or UC
(c) Classification of section
(d) Check shear strength; if unsatisfactory return to (b)
(e) Check bending capacity; if unsatisfactory return to (b)
(f) Check deflection; if unsatisfactory return to (b)
(g) Check web bearing and buckling at supports or concentrated load; if unsatisfactory
provide web stiffener
(h) Check lateral torsional buckling; if unsatisfactory return to (b) or provide lateral
restraints
(i) Summarise results

STEP 1: Determine:
VEd - Design Shear Force(Reactions)
MEd - Design Bending Moment( Maximum Moment)
STEP 2: Determine Section ( UB for Beams)
Trial Section:

trial , y

M
f

Ed
y

Classify
STEP 3: Determination of C1 value :
M1
=
M2
C 1 = 1 . 88 1 . 4 + 0 . 52

STEP 4: Calculation of Mcr(considering the section 2-3):

EIz I w Lcr GIt


Mcr =
+ 2

2
Lcr I z EIz
2

1/ 2

* C1

Lcr Distance between 2 restrained points

STEP 5: Evaluate of reduction factor : LT


General Case( EN 1993-1-1 cl 6.3.2.2)

LT

cr

LT = 0 .5 1 + LT ( LT 0 .2 ) + ( LT )

LT =

( )]

2
LT + LT
LT

2 1/ 2

STEP 5: LTB Resistance(EN 1993-1-1 cl 6.3.2.2 , eq. 6.55):

M b ,Rd = LT W pl , y
Depends of the class
STEP 6: Safety Check:

M Ed
<1
M b ,Rd

fy

M 1