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PERHITUNGAN DIMENSI & TULANGAN RANGKAP PADA BALOK

0.85
Fc'
c' = 0.003
s'
-

As'

aub

Sc
Cc

Cub
55

51
As

+
s

ST
dia

30
Mu =

39.8 Tm

Fc' =
Fy =

250 kg/cm2
3200 kg/cm2

dia

0.5

Keadaan Balance
Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'
s
0.003
0.0016

=
=

Cub
d - Cub
Cub
51-Cub

Persamaan statika : baja


Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As . Fy =
Cc =0.85 Fc'. Aub . B
=
St = As. Fy
=
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

2. M = 0

0.153 = 0.0016 Cub + 0.003 Cub


Cub =
33.26 cm
aub = 0.85 x 33.26 =

1600 As
180234
3200 As

Sc + Cc = ST
1600 As + 180234 = 3200 As
180234.0
=
1600 As
Asb =
112.65 cm2
As'b =
56.33 cm2
Sc = 56.33 x 3200
=
Cc =0.85 x 250 x 28.272 x 30 =
St = 112.65 x 3200
=

180256.0 kg
180234.0 kg
360480.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mnb


Mnb = (180256 x (51 - 4)) + (180234 x (51 - (0.5 x28.272)))
Mnb =
15116178.176
kgcm
Mub = 0.8 x 15116178.176 kgcm
= 120.929
Tm > ... Mu, dimensi balok kuat

28.272 cm

Design Tulangan (Under-reinforced)


Cu =
10 cm
Au = 0.85Cu = 0.85 x 10 =

8.5 cm

Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'

s'
0.003

c'

Cu - d'
10

s'

s'

10 - 4

0.0018

> 0.0016

kg/cm2
tulangan tekan sudah leleh,maka Fs' = Fy =
Persamaan statika : baja
Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As x =
Cc = 0.85 Fc'. Au . B
St = As. Fy
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

10

s'

0.018 = 10
s' =

Cu

=
=

3200

1600 As
54187.5
3200 As

Sc + Cc = ST
1600 As + 54187.5 = 3200 As
54187.5
=
As =
As' =

1600 As
33.87 cm2
16.94 cm2

Sc = 16.94 x 3200
=
Cc = 0.85 x 250 x 8.5 x 30 =
St = 33.87 x 3200
=

2. M = 0

kg/cm2

54208.0 kg
54187.5 kg
108384.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mnb


Mn = (54208 x (51 - 4)) + (54187.5 x (51 - (0.5 x8.5)))
Mn =
5081041.63
kgcm

2547776

Mu = 0.8 x 5081041.63 kgcm


=
40.65
Tm > Mu, dimensi balok kuat
Keadaan Under Reinforce = 0.7 x Asb (max).
84.488
cm2
diambil
As =
33.87
cm2
As' =
16.935
Tulangan diameter
25 , Luas =
4.91 cm2
Tulangan tarik
7
buah
Tulangan tekan
4
buah
Jadi Dipakai
As =
34.37 cm2
As' =
19.64 cm2

=
' =
tulangan min
tulangan max

0.02246
0.012837
=
=

OK, r min < r


OK, r min < r
0.00455
0.03035

OK, r < r max


OK, r < r max

= As min =
= As max =

Dimensi & tulangan terpasang

6.96 cm2
46.44 cm2

4d25
55

7d25
55

7d25

30
Tumpuan

4d25

30
Lapangan

PERHITUNGAN DIMENSI & TULANGAN RANGKAP PADA BALOK


0.85
Fc'
c' = 0.003
s'
-

As'

aub

Sc
Cc

Cub
50

46
As

+
s

ST
dia

25
Mu =

39.8 Tm

Fc' =
Fy =

250 kg/cm2
3200 kg/cm2

dia

0.5

Keadaan Balance
Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'
s
0.003
0.0016

=
=

Cub
d - Cub
Cub
46-Cub

Persamaan statika : baja


Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As . Fy =
Cc =0.85 Fc'. Aub . B
=
St = As. Fy
=
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

2. M = 0

0.138 = 0.0016 Cub + 0.003 Cub


Cub =
30 cm
aub = 0.85 x 30 =

1600 As
135469
3200 As

Sc + Cc = ST
1600 As + 135468.75 = 3200 As
135468.8
=
1600 As
Asb =
84.67 cm2
As'b =
42.34 cm2
Sc = 42.34 x 3200
=
Cc =0.85 x 250 x 25.5 x 25 =
St = 84.67 x 3200
=

135488.0 kg
135468.8 kg
270944.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mnb


Mnb = (135488 x (46 - 4)) + (135468.75 x (46 - (0.5 x25.5)))
Mnb =
10194831.938
kgcm
Mub = 0.8 x 10194831.938 kgcm
=
81.559
Tm > ... Mu, dimensi balok kuat

25.500 cm

Design Tulangan (Under-reinforced)


Cu =
12 cm
Au = 0.85Cu = 0.85 x 12 =

10.2 cm

Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'

s'
0.003

c'

Cu - d'
12

s'

s'

12 - 4

0.0020

> 0.0016

kg/cm2
tulangan tekan sudah leleh,maka Fs' = Fy =
Persamaan statika : baja
Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As x =
Cc = 0.85 Fc'. Au . B
St = As. Fy
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

12

s'

0.024 = 12
s' =

Cu

=
=

3200

1600 As
54187.5
3200 As

Sc + Cc = ST
1600 As + 54187.5 = 3200 As
54187.5
=
As =
As' =

1600 As
33.87 cm2
16.94 cm2

Sc = 16.94 x 3200
=
Cc = 0.85 x 250 x 10.2 x 25 =
St = 33.87 x 3200
=

2. M = 0

kg/cm2

54208.0 kg
54187.5 kg
108384.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mnb


Mn = (54208 x (46 - 4)) + (54187.5 x (46 - (0.5 x10.2)))
Mn =
4493004.75
kgcm

2276736

Mu = 0.8 x 4493004.75 kgcm


=
35.94
Tm NOT OK
Keadaan Under Reinforce = 0.7 x Asb (max).
63.503
cm2
diambil
As =
33.87
cm2
As' =
16.935
Tulangan diameter
25 , Luas =
4.91 cm2
Tulangan tarik
7
buah
Tulangan tekan
4
buah
Jadi Dipakai
As =
34.37 cm2
As' =
19.64 cm2

=
' =
tulangan min
tulangan max

0.02989
0.017078
=
=

OK, r min < r


OK, r min < r
0.00455
0.03035

OK, r < r max


OK, r < r max

= As min =
= As max =

Dimensi & tulangan terpasang

5.23 cm2
34.90 cm2

4d25
50

7d25
50

7d25

25
Tumpuan

4d25

25
Lapangan

PERHITUNGAN DIMENSI & TULANGAN RANGKAP PADA BALOK


0.85
Fc'
c' = 0.003
s'
-

As'

aub

Sc
Cc

Cub
60

56
As

+
s

ST
dia

30
Mu =

39.8 Tm

Fc' =
Fy =

250 kg/cm2
3200 kg/cm2

dia

0.5

Keadaan Balance
Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'
s
0.003
0.0016

=
=

Cub
d - Cub
Cub
56-Cub

Persamaan statika : baja


Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As . Fy =
Cc =0.85 Fc'. Aub . B
=
St = As. Fy
=
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

2. M = 0

0.168 = 0.0016 Cub + 0.003 Cub


Cub =
36.52 cm
aub = 0.85 x 36.52 =

1600 As
197899
3200 As

Sc + Cc = ST
1600 As + 197899.125 = 3200 As
197899.1
=
1600 As
Asb =
123.69 cm2
As'b =
61.85 cm2
Sc = 61.85 x 3200
=
Cc =0.85 x 250 x 31.043 x 30 =
St = 123.69 x 3200
=

197920.0 kg
197899.1 kg
395808.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mnb


Mnb = (197920 x (56 - 4)) + (197899.125 x (56 - (0.5 x31.043)))
Mnb =
18302499.731
kgcm
Mub = 0.8 x 18302499.731 kgcm
= 146.420
Tm > ... Mu, dimensi balok kuat

31.043 cm

Design Tulangan (Under-reinforced)


Cu =
9 cm
Au = 0.85Cu = 0.85 x 9 =

7.65 cm

Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'

s'
0.003

c'

Cu - d'
9

s'

s'

9-4

0.0017

> 0.0016

kg/cm2
tulangan tekan sudah leleh,maka Fs' = Fy =
Persamaan statika : baja
Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As x =
Cc = 0.85 Fc'. Au . B
St = As. Fy
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

s'

0.015 = 9
s' =

Cu

=
=

3200

kg/cm2

1600 As
48768.8
3200 As

Sc + Cc = ST
1600 As + 48768.75 = 3200 As
48768.75
=
1600 As
As =
30.48 cm2
As' =
15.24 cm2
Sc = 15.24 x 3200
=
Cc = 0.85 x 250 x 7.65 x 30 =
St = 30.48 x 3200
=

2. M = 0

48768.0 kg
48768.8 kg
97536.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mnb


Mn = (48768 x (56 - 4)) + (48768.75 x (56 - (0.5 x7.65))
Mn =
5080445.53
kgcm

2535936

Mu = 0.8 x 5080445.53 kgcm


=
40.64
Tm > Mu, dimensi balok kuat
Keadaan Under Reinforce = 0.7 x Asb (max).
92.768
cm2
diambil
As =
30.48
cm2
As' =
15.24
Tulangan diameter
25 , Luas =
4.91 cm2
Tulangan tarik
7
buah
Tulangan tekan
4
buah
Jadi Dipakai
As =
34.37 cm2
As' =
19.64 cm2

=
' =
tulangan min
tulangan max

0.02046
0.01169
=
=

OK, r min < r


OK, r min < r
0.00455
0.03035

OK, r < r max


OK, r < r max

= As min =
= As max =

Dimensi & tulangan terpasang

7.64 cm2
50.99 cm2

4d25
60

7d25
60

7d25

30
Tumpuan

4d25

30
Lapangan

PERHITUNGAN DIMENSI & TULANGAN RANGKAP PADA BALOK


Nama : SHOLIK KRISTIANTO
NIM : 41107120046
0.85

c' = 0.003
s'
-

As'

Fc'
Sc

aub

Cc

Cub
40

35
As

+
s

ST
dia

30
Mu =

34.56 Tm

Fc' =
Fy =

250 kg/cm2
2400 kg/cm2

dia

0.5

Keadaan Balance
Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'

s
0.003
0.0012

Cub
d - Cub
Cub
35-Cub

Persamaan statika : baja


Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As . Fy =
Cc =0.85 Fc'. Aub . B
=
St = As. Fy
=
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

0.105 = 0.0012 Cub + 0.003 Cub


Cub =
25 cm
aub = 0.85 x 25 =
21.250 cm

1200 As
135469
2400 As

Sc + Cc = ST
1200 As + 135468.75 = 2400 As
135468.8
=
1200 As
Asb =
112.89 cm2
As'b =
56.45 cm2
Sc = 56.45 x 2400
=
Cc =0.85 x 250 x 21.25 x 30 =
St = 112.89 x 2400
=

2. M = 0

135480.0 kg
135468.8 kg
270936.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mnb


Mnb = (135480 x (35 - 5)) + (135468.75 x (35 - (0.5 x21.25)))
Mnb =
7366450.781
kgcm
Mub = 0.8 x 7366450.781 kgcm
=
58.932
Tm > ... Mu, dimensi balok kuat

274152952.xls

Page 19 Of 52

Balok 25x50

Design Tulangan (Under-reinforced)


Cu =
8 cm
Au = 0.85Cu = 0.85 x 8 =

6.8 cm

Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'

s'
0.003

Cu

c'

Cu - d'
8

s'

s'

8-5

3
s'

0.009 = 8
s' =

0.0011

> 0.0012

kg/cm2
karena tulangan tekan belum leleh,maka Fs'=
Persamaan statika : baja
Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As x =
Cc = 0.85 Fc'. Au . B
St = As. Fy
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

=
=

4000 kg/cm2

2000 As
43350
2400 As

Sc + Cc = ST
2000 As + 43350 = 2400 As
43350
=
As =
As' =

400 As
108.38 cm2
54.19 cm2

Sc = 54.19 x 4000
=
Cc = 0.85 x 250 x 6.8 x 30 =
St = 108.38 x 2400
=

2. M = 0

216760.0 kg
43350.0 kg
260112.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mnb


Mn = (216760 x (35 - 5)) + (43350 x (35 - (0.5 x6.8)))
Mn =
7872660
kgcm

6502800

Mu = 0.8 x 7872660 kgcm


=
62.98
Tm > Mu, dimensi balok kuat
Keadaan Under Reinforce : As.maks < 0.7 x Asb (max).84.668
diambil
As =
108.38
cm2
As' =
54.19
cm2
Tulangan diameter
25 , Luas =
4.91 cm2
Tulangan tarik
23
buah
Tulangan tekan
12
buah
2
Jadi Dipakai
As =
112.93 cm
As' =
58.92 cm2

=
' =
tulangan min
tulangan max

274152952.xls

0.10755
0.056114
=
=

OK, r min < r


OK, r min < r '

NOT OK
NOT OK

0.00210
0.02440

Page 20 Of 52

Balok 25x50

Dimensi & tulangan terpasang

12d25
40
23d25

30
Lapangan

274152952.xls

Tumpuan

Page 21 Of 52

Balok 25x50

PERHITUNGAN DIMENSI & TULANGAN RANGKAP PADA BALOK


Nama : SHOLIK KRISTIANTO
NIM : 41107120046
0.85

c' = 0.003
s'
-

As'

Fc'
Sc

aub

Cc

Cub
55

51
As

+
s

ST
dia

30
Mu =

39.8 Tm

Fc' =
Fy =

250 kg/cm2
3200 kg/cm2

dia

0.5

Keadaan Balance
Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'

s
0.003
0.0016

Cub
d - Cub
Cub
51-Cub

Persamaan statika : baja


Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As . Fy =
Cc =0.85 Fc'. Aub . B
=
St = As. Fy
=
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

0.153 = 0.0016 Cub + 0.003 Cub


Cub =
33.26 cm
aub = 0.85 x 33.26 =
28.272 cm

1600 As
180234
3200 As

Sc + Cc = ST
1600 As + 180234 = 3200 As
180234.0
=
1600 As
Asb =
112.65 cm2
As'b =
56.33 cm2
Sc = 56.33 x 3200
=
Cc =0.85 x 250 x 28.272 x 30 =
St = 112.65 x 3200
=

2. M = 0

180256.0 kg
180234.0 kg
360480.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mnb


Mnb = (180256 x (51 - 4)) + (180234 x (51 - (0.5 x28.272)))
Mnb =
15116178.176
kgcm
Mub = 0.8 x 15116178.176 kgcm
= 120.929
Tm > ... Mu, dimensi balok kuat

274152952.xls

Page 22 Of 52

Balok 30x55

Design Tulangan (Under-reinforced)


Cu =
10 cm
Au = 0.85Cu = 0.85 x 10 =

8.5 cm

Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'

s'
0.003

Cu

c'

Cu - d'
10

s'

s'

10 - 4

6
s'

0.018 = 10
s' =

0.0018

> 0.0016

kg/cm2
tulangan tekan sudah leleh,maka Fs' = Fy =
Persamaan statika : baja
Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As x =
Cc = 0.85 Fc'. Au . B
St = As. Fy
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

10

=
=

3200

kg/cm2

1600 As
54187.5
3200 As

Sc + Cc = ST
1600 As + 54187.5 = 3200 As
54187.5
=
1600 As
As =
33.87 cm2
As' =
16.94 cm2
Sc = 16.94 x 3200
=
Cc = 0.85 x 250 x 8.5 x 30 =
St = 33.87 x 3200
=

2. M = 0

54208.0 kg
54187.5 kg
108384.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mnb


Mn = (54208 x (51 - 4)) + (54187.5 x (51 - (0.5 x8.5)))
Mn =
5081041.63
kgcm

2547776

Mu = 0.8 x 5081041.63 kgcm


=
40.65
Tm > Mu, dimensi balok kuat
Keadaan Under Reinforce = 0.7 x Asb (max).
84.488
diambil
As =
33.87
cm2
As' =
16.935
cm2
Tulangan diameter
25 , Luas =
4.91 cm2
Tulangan tarik
7
buah
Tulangan tekan
4
buah
2
Jadi Dipakai
As =
34.37 cm
As' =
19.64 cm2

=
' =
tulangan min
tulangan max

274152952.xls

0.02246
0.012837
=
=

OK, r min < r


OK, r min < r '

OK, r < r max


OK, r '< r max

0.00455
0.03035

Page 23 Of 52

Balok 30x55

Dimensi & tulangan terpasang

4d25
55
7d25

30
Tumpuan

274152952.xls

Lapangan

Page 24 Of 52

Balok 30x55

PERHITUNGAN DIMENSI & TULANGAN RANGKAP PADA BALOK


Nama : SHOLIK KRISTIANTO
NIM : 41107120046
0.85

c' = 0.003
s'
-

As'

Fc'
Sc

aub

Cc

Cub
60

56
As

+
s

ST
dia

30
Mu =

39.8 Tm

Fc' =
Fy =

250 kg/cm2
3200 kg/cm2

dia

0.5

Keadaan Balance
Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'

s
0.003
0.0016

Cub
d - Cub
Cub
56-Cub

Persamaan statika : baja


Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As . Fy =
Cc =0.85 Fc'. Aub . B
=
St = As. Fy
=
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

0.168 = 0.0016 Cub + 0.003 Cub


Cub =
36.52 cm
aub = 0.85 x 36.52 =
31.043 cm

1600 As
197899
3200 As

Sc + Cc = ST
1600 As + 197899.125 = 3200 As
197899.1
=
1600 As
Asb =
123.69 cm2
As'b =
61.85 cm2
Sc = 61.85 x 3200
=
Cc =0.85 x 250 x 31.043 x 30 =
St = 123.69 x 3200
=

2. M = 0

197920.0 kg
197899.1 kg
395808.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mnb


Mnb = (197920 x (56 - 4)) + (197899.125 x (56 - (0.5 x31.043)))
Mnb =
18302499.731
kgcm
Mub = 0.8 x 18302499.731 kgcm
= 146.420
Tm > ... Mu, dimensi balok kuat

274152952.xls

Page 25 Of 52

Balok 30x60

Design Tulangan (Under-reinforced)


Cu =
9 cm
Au = 0.85Cu = 0.85 x 9 =

7.65 cm

Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'

s'
0.003

Cu

c'

Cu - d'
9

s'

s'

9-4

5
s'

0.015 = 9
s' =

0.0017

> 0.0016

kg/cm2
tulangan tekan sudah leleh,maka Fs' = Fy =
Persamaan statika : baja
Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As x =
Cc = 0.85 Fc'. Au . B
St = As. Fy
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

=
=

3200

kg/cm2

1600 As
48768.8
3200 As

Sc + Cc = ST
1600 As + 48768.75 = 3200 As
48768.75
=
1600 As
As =
30.48 cm2
As' =
15.24 cm2
Sc = 15.24 x 3200
=
Cc = 0.85 x 250 x 7.65 x 30 =
St = 30.48 x 3200
=

2. M = 0

48768.0 kg
48768.8 kg
97536.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mnb


Mn = (48768 x (56 - 4)) + (48768.75 x (56 - (0.5 x7.65))
Mn =
5080445.53
kgcm

2535936

Mu = 0.8 x 5080445.53 kgcm


=
40.64
Tm > Mu, dimensi balok kuat
Keadaan Under Reinforce = 0.7 x Asb (max).
92.768
diambil
As =
30.48
cm2
As' =
15.24
cm2
Tulangan diameter
25 , Luas =
4.91 cm2
Tulangan tarik
7
buah
Tulangan tekan
4
buah
2
Jadi Dipakai
As =
34.37 cm
As' =
19.64 cm2

=
' =
tulangan min
tulangan max

274152952.xls

0.02046
0.01169
=
=

OK, r min < r


OK, r min < r '

OK, r < r max


OK, r '< r max

0.00455
0.03035

Page 26 Of 52

Balok 30x60

Dimensi & tulangan terpasang

4d25
60
7d25

30
Tumpuan

274152952.xls

Lapangan

Page 27 Of 52

Balok 30x60

PERHITUNGAN DIMENSI & TULANGAN RANGKAP PADA BALOK


Nama : SHOLIK KRISTIANTO
NIM : 41107120046
0.85

c' = 0.003
s'
-

As'

Fc'
Sc

aub

Cc

Cub
50

45
As

+
s

ST
dia

25
Mu =

34.56 Tm

Fc' =
Fy =

300 kg/cm2
4000 kg/cm2

dia

0.5

Keadaan Balance
Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'

s
0.003
0.0020

Cub
d - Cub
Cub
45-Cub

Persamaan statika : baja


Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As . Fy =
Cc =0.85 Fc'. Aub . B
=
St = As. Fy
=
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

0.135 = 0.002 Cub + 0.003 Cub


Cub =
27 cm
aub = 0.85 x 27 =

22.950 cm

2000 As
146306
4000 As

Sc + Cc = ST
2000 As + 146306.25 = 4000 As
146306.3
=
2000 As
Asb =
73.15 cm2
As'b =
36.58 cm2
Sc = 36.58 x 4000
=
Cc =0.85 x 300 x 22.95 x 25 =
St = 73.15 x 4000
=

2. M = 0

146320.0 kg
146306.3 kg
292600.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mnb


Mnb = (146320 x (45 - 5)) + (146306.25 x (45 - (0.5 x22.95)))
Mnb =
10757717.031
kgcm
Mub = 0.8 x 10757717.031 kgcm
=
86.062
Tm > ... Mu, dimensi balok kuat

274152952.xls

Page 28 Of 52

Balok 35x70

Design Tulangan (Under-reinforced)


Cu =
20 cm
Au = 0.85Cu = 0.85 x 20 =

17 cm

Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'

s'
0.003
=

s'

c'

Cu - d'
20

s'

20

20 - 5

15
s'

0.045 = 20
s' =

Cu

0.0023

> 0.002

kg/cm2
tulangan tekan sudah leleh,maka Fs' = Fy =
Persamaan statika : baja
Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As x =
Cc = 0.85 Fc'. Au . B
St = As. Fy
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

=
=

2600 kg/cm2

1300 As
108375
4000 As

Sc + Cc = ST
1300 As + 108375 = 4000 As
108375
=
As =
As' =

2700 As
40.14 cm2
20.07 cm2

Sc = 20.07 x 2600
=
Cc = 0.85 x 300 x 17 x 25 =
St = 40.14 x 4000
=

2. M = 0

52182.0 kg
108375.0 kg
160560.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mnb


Mn = (52182 x (45 - 5)) + (108375 x (45 - (0.5 x17)))
Mn =
6042967.5
kgcm

2087280

Mu = 0.8 x 6042967.5 kgcm


=
48.34
Tm > Mu, dimensi balok kuat
Keadaan Under Reinforce = 0.7 x Asb (max).
54.863
diambil
As =
40.14
cm2
As' =
20.07
cm2
Tulangan diameter
22 , Luas =
3.8 cm2
Tulangan tarik
11
buah
Tulangan tekan
6
buah
2
Jadi Dipakai
As =
41.8 cm
As' =
22.8 cm2

=
' =
tulangan min
tulangan max

274152952.xls

0.03716
0.020267
=
=

OK, r min < r


OK, r min < r '

NOT OK
OK, r '< r max

0.00210
0.02440

Page 29 Of 52

Balok 35x70

Dimensi & tulangan terpasang

6d22
50
11d22

25
Tumpuan

274152952.xls

Lapangan

Page 30 Of 52

Balok 35x70

PERHITUNGAN DIMENSI & TULANGAN RANGKAP PADA BALOK


0.85
Fc'
c' = 0.003
s'
-

As'

aub

Sc
Cc

Cub
60

56
As

+
s

ST
dia

30
Mu =

39.8 Tm

Fc' =
Fy =

250 kg/cm2
3200 kg/cm2

dia

0.5

Keadaan Balance
Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'
s
0.003
0.0016

=
=

Cub
d - Cub
Cub
56-Cub

Persamaan statika : baja


Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As . Fy =
Cc =0.85 Fc'. Aub . B
=
St = As. Fy
=
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

2. M = 0

0.168 = 0.0016 Cub + 0.003 Cub


Cub =
36.52 cm
aub = 0.85 x 36.52 =

1600 As
197899
3200 As

Sc + Cc = ST
1600 As + 197899.125 = 3200 As
197899.125
=
1600 As
Asb =
123.69 cm2
As'b =
61.85 cm2
Sc = 61.85 x 3200
=
Cc =0.85 x 250 x 31.043 x 30 =
St = 123.69 x 3200
=

197920.0 kg
197899.1 kg
395808.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mnb


Mnb = (197920 x (56 - 4)) + (197899.125 x (56 - (0.5 x31.043)))
Mnb =
18302499.731
kgcm
Mub = 0.8 x 18302499.731 kgcm
= 146.420
Tm > ... Mu, dimensi balok kuat

31.043 cm

Design Tulangan (Under-reinforced)


Cu =
9 cm
Au = 0.85Cu = 0.85 x 9 =

7.65 cm

Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'

s'
0.003

c'

Cu - d'
9

s'

s'

9-4

0.0017

> 0.0016

kg/cm2
tulangan tekan sudah leleh,maka Fs' = Fy =
Persamaan statika : baja
Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As x =
Cc = 0.85 Fc'. Au . B
St = As. Fy
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

s'

0.015 = 9
s' =

Cu

=
=

3200

kg/cm2

1600 As
48768.8
3200 As

Sc + Cc = ST
1600 As + 48768.75 = 3200 As
48768.75
=
1600 As
As =
30.48 cm2
As' =
15.24 cm2
Sc = 15.24 x 3200
=
Cc = 0.85 x 250 x 7.65 x 30 =
St = 30.48 x 3200
=

2. M = 0

48768.0 kg
48768.8 kg
97536.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mnb


Mn = (48768 x (56 - 4)) + (48768.75 x (56 - (0.5 x7.65))
Mn =
5080445.53
kgcm

2535936

Mu = 0.8 x 5080445.53 kgcm


=
40.64
Tm > Mu, dimensi balok kuat
Keadaan Under Reinforce = 0.7 x Asb (max).
92.768
cm2
diambil
As =
30.48
cm2
As' =
15.24
Tulangan diameter
25 , Luas =
4.91 cm2
Tulangan tarik
7
buah
Tulangan tekan
4
buah
Jadi Dipakai
As =
34.37 cm2
As' =
19.64 cm2

=
' =
tulangan min
tulangan max

0.02046
0.01169
=
=

OK, r min < r < r max


OK, r min < r < r max
0.00455
0.03035

= As min =
= As max =

Dimensi & tulangan terpasang

7.64 cm2
50.99 cm2

4d25
60

7d25
60

7d25

30
Tumpuan

4d25

30
Lapangan

PERHITUNGAN DIMENSI & TULANGAN RANGKAP PADA BALOK


0.85
Fc'
c' = 0.003
s'
-

As'

aub

Sc
Cc

Cub
40

35
As

+
s

Mnb

ST
dia

30
Mu =

6.48 Tm

Fc' =
Fy =

300 kg/cm2
2400 kg/cm2

dia

0.5

Keadaan Balance
Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'

s
0.003
0.0012

Cub
d - Cub
Cub
35-Cub

Persamaan statika :
Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As . Fy =
Cc =0.85 Fc'. Aub . B
=
St = As. Fy
=
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

0.105 = 0.0012 Cub + 0.003 Cub


Cub =
25 cm
aub = 0.85 x 25 =

1200 As
162563
2400 As

(tul. Tekan sudah leleh)

Sc + Cc = ST
1200 As + 162562.5 = 2400 As
162562.5
=
1200 As
Asb =
135.47 cm2
As'b =
67.74 cm2
Sc = 67.74 x 2400
=
Cc =0.85 x 300 x 21.25 x 30 =
St = 135.47 x 2400
=

2. M 2= 0

162576.0 kg
162562.5 kg
325128.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mnb


Mnb = (162576 x (35 - 5)) + (162562.5 x (35 - (0.5 x21.25)))
Mnb =
8839740.938
kgcm
Mub = 0.8 x 8839740.938 kgcm
=
70.718
Tm > ... Mu, dimensi balok kuat

21.250 cm

Design Tulangan (Under-reinforced)


Cu =
9 cm
Au = 0.85Cu = 0.85 x 9 =

COBA 1:

7.65 cm

Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'

s'
0.003

Cu

c'

Cu - d'
9

s'

s'

9-5

s'
0.0013

> 0.0012

kg/cm2
tulangan tekan sudah leleh,maka Fs' = Fy =
Persamaan statika :
Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As x fy =
Cc = 0.85 Fc'. Au . B
=
St = As. Fy
=
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

0.012 = 9
s' =

2400 kg/cm2

1200 As
58522.5
2400 As

Sc + Cc = ST
1200 As + 58522.5 = 2400 As
58522.5
=
As =
As' =

1200 As
48.77 cm2
24.39 cm2

Sc = 24.39 x 2400
=
Cc = 0.85 x 300 x 7.65 x 30 =
St = 48.77 x 2400
=

2. M = 0

58536.0 kg
58522.5 kg
117048.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mn
Mn = (58536 x (35 - 5)) + (58522.5 x (35 - (0.5 x7.65)))
Mn =
3580518.94
kgcm

1756080

Mu = 0.8 x 3580518.94 kgcm


=
28.64
Tm > Mu, dimensi balok kuat
Keadaan Under Reinforce = 0.7 x Asb (max).
101.6
cm2
diambil
As =
48.77
cm2
As' =
24.385
Perhitungan tulangan di bawah ini tidak terpakai.
Sc =
24.4 x 2400 =
58524.00 kg
Cc = 0.85 x 300 x 7.65 x 30 =
58522.50 kg
St =
48.8 x 2400 =
117048.00 kg
PERSAMAAN :
1. M = 0
Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) =
Mu = Mn

Tulangan diameter
Tulangan tarik
Tulangan tekan

0.046448

Mn
Mn =
Mu =
=

28 , Luas =
8
buah
4
buah

#VALUE!

3580158.94 kg cm
2864127.15 kg cm
28.64
Tm > M = 6.48 Tm
OK, dimensi & tulangan cukup
6.15 cm2
49.2
24.6

48.77

tulangan min
tulangan max

=
=

0,0058
0.04840

#VALUE! cm2
58.08 cm2

= As min =
= As max =

Dimensi & tulangan terpasang

4d28
40

8d28
40

8d28

30
Tumpuan

4d28

30
Lapangan

dilihat tabel pmin dan p

Mnb

dilihat tabel pmin dan pmaks di fc

TUGAS ; TULANGAN LENTUR DAN SENGKANG

PL

Diketahui ;
fc'=
fy =
PL=
qd =
qL =

qD

300
400
1.2
1.2
0.8

Kg/cm2
Kg/cm2
t
t/m'
t/m'

DitanyaDesain Balok Optimum (Dimensi Balok dan Tulangan) !

PENYELESAIAN ;
0.85

c' = 0.003
s'
-

As'

aub

Cub
0.35

0.3
As

+
s

0.05
dia

0.2

Beban diatas dua tumpuan h min =

L
16

dia

8
16
0.5

=
=

ambil H =

3.5 mm

b = 0,5 x h
b = 0.5 x 0.35 = 1.75

Berat Balok Sendiri =


h x b x bj beton
= 0.35
0.2
24
= 1.68 Kn/m
qu = 1,2 x qd + 1,6 qd
= 4.736 t/m'
Pu = 1,6 x PL
= 1.92
Mu =

4.48 ton

Fc'

Hitung luas tulangan yang dibutuhkan :


# asumsi tulangan 2 lapis
d = h + 90
d = 0.35 + 0.9 = 1.25 m
Mu
b x d

=
=

4.48
0.2 x 0.3
2.489

Sc
Cc

Mnb
ST

PERHITUNGAN DIMENSI & TULANGAN RANGKAP PADA BALOK


0.85
Fc'
c' = 0.003
s'
-

As'

aub

Sc
Cc

Cub
80

75
As

+
s

Mnb

ST
dia

40
Mu = 26.546 Tm
Fc' =
Fy =

dia

0.5

300 kg/cm2
3200 kg/cm2

Keadaan Balance
Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'

s
0.003
0.0016

Cub
d - Cub
Cub
75-Cub

Persamaan statika :
Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As . Fy =
Cc =0.85 Fc'. Aub . B
=
St = As. Fy
=
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

0.225 = 0.0016 Cub + 0.003 Cub


Cub =
48.91 cm
aub = 0.85 x 48.91 =

1600 As
424075
3200 As

(tul. Tekan sudah leleh)

Sc + Cc = ST
1600 As + 424075.2 = 3200 As
424075.2
=
1600 As
Asb =
265.05 cm2
As'b =
132.53 cm2
Sc = 132.53 x 3200
=
Cc =0.85 x 300 x 41.576 x 40 =
St = 265.05 x 3200
=

2. M 2= 0

424096.0 kg
424075.2 kg
848160.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mnb


Mnb = (424096 x (75 - 5)) + (424075.2 x (75 - (0.5 x41.576)))
Mnb =
52676684.742
kgcm
Mub = 0.8 x 52676684.742 kgcm
= 421.413
Tm > ... Mu, dimensi balok kuat

41.576 cm

Design Tulangan (Under-reinforced)


Cu =
20 cm
Au = 0.85Cu = 0.85 x 20 =

COBA 1:

17 cm

Persamaan Deformasi/Kompatibilitas :
1.

c'

s'
0.003
=

s'

c'

Cu - d'
20

s'

20

20 - 5

15
s'

0.045 = 20
s' =

Cu

0.0023

> 0.0016

kg/cm2
tulangan tekan sudah leleh,maka Fs' = Fy =
Persamaan statika :
Sc = As'.Fs' = 0.5 As x fy =
Cc = 0.85 Fc'. Au . B
=
St = As. Fy
=
1. H = 0

Jadi ,

3200 kg/cm2

1600 As
173400
3200 As

Sc + Cc = ST
1600 As + 173400 = 3200 As
173400
=
1600 As
As = 108.38 cm2
As' =
54.19 cm2
Sc = 54.19 x 3200
=
Cc = 0.85 x 300 x 17 x 40 =
St = 108.38 x 3200
=

2. M = 0

173408.0 kg
173400.0 kg
346816.0 kg

Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) = Mn
Mn = (173408 x (75 - 5)) + (173400 x (75 - (0.5 x17)))
Mn =
23669660
kgcm

12138560

Mu = 0.8 x 23669660 kgcm


=
189.36
Tm > Mu, dimensi balok kuat
Keadaan Under Reinforce = 0.7 x Asb (max).
diambil
As =
108.38
As' =
54.19
Perhitungan tulangan di bawah ini tidak terpakai.
Sc =
54.2 x 3200 =
173408.00
Cc =
0.85 x 300 x 17 x 40 =
173400.00
St =
108.4 x 3200 =
346816.00
PERSAMAAN :
1. M = 0
Sc (d - d') + Cc (d - 0.5au) =
Mu = Mn

Tulangan diameter
Tulangan tarik
Tulangan tekan

0.036127

Mn
Mn =
Mu =
=

36 , Luas =
11
buah
6
buah

198.79
cm2
cm2

OK, As max < As < As min

kg
kg
kg

23669660.00 kg cm
18935728.00 kg cm
189.36
Tm > M = 26.5464 Tm
OK, dimensi & tulangan cukup
10.17 cm2
111.87 108.38
61.02

tulangan min
tulangan max

=
=

0.0028
0.03640

8.96 cm2
116.48 cm2

= As min =
= As max =

Dimensi & tulangan terpasang

6d36
80

11d36
80

11d36

40
Tumpuan

6d36

40
Lapangan

dilihat tabel pmin dan p

Mnb

0.41 <

dilihat tabel pmin dan pmaks di fc