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Osi Layers

- 1 osi
iso ( ..... )
, Osi Layers
.

- 2 osi
- 1 .
- 2 OSI
,
, Ping

tcp/ip osi (
)physical ( )data link ( Tcp .)Transport

-3 osi
osi ( -: )
7- Application layer
6-presentation layer
5-session layer
4-transport layer
3-network layer
2-data link layer
1-physical layer

-4 osi
7- Application layer
:

.http ftp tftp- smtp-snmp-dns-telnet :


-: .
6- Presentation layer
:

( ) ( ) .
JPEG BMP TIFF MPEG WMV AVI / ASCII EBCDIC :

:
1

Format .

.Compression and decompression 2


Encoding and decoding. 3

5- Session layer
:
, session
( )single UDP
, ( )half duplex
,
( )full duplex
.
NFS NETBIOS NAME SQL - RPC :
NFS (Network File System):
2222 2222 NETBIOS NAME:
.TCP/IP
RPC Remote Procedure Call:

SQL:


- 1 .session
- 2 .single half duplex full duplex

4-Transport layer
: ( )flow control ( )error correction
( )TCP Connection oriented protocol
, ( )UDP Connectionless
.

TCP UDP


- 1 ( , )flow control (.)error correction
- 2 ( )flow control ( )sequencing
(.)Acknowledgments
- 3 (.)TCP or UDP
- 4 .
-:
)0 to 1023( : Well Known Port .
)1024 to 65535( : .

Segment

3- Network layer
: ( )segment ( )packet Ip
( )routing
ospf rip

ip ipx

:
-1

Ip addressing

-2

Routing

: .
:

Packet

2-data link layer


:
-

,
( )llc logical link control and mac addressing ( , )fcs frame check sequence FCS
. error detection

- .CSMA/CD

-:
)- Lan protocol : -802.2(llc) 802.3 (Ethernet )- 802.5 (token ring)- 802.11 (wireless
- Wan protocol:- ppp frame relay ATM ISDN hdlc
:
- 1
- 2 error detection
- 3 (.(CSMA/CD

-: .switch and bridge


-:

Frames

1-Physical layer
: ( )BITS
.

ARP COAX Fiber

cables hub repeater nic connector :

bits

-:
- 1
Tcp /ip model , osi
. tcp /ip layer

application tcp/ip layer application presentation session .osi . .osi - osi network access .tcp /ip layer

- 2 osi .
. .presentation
session . TCP Header , Data ( )Well Known Port segment .transport
: ip .packet : .frames :physical
( )data link
( )network , ( )transport tcp
header
.

- 3 Osi

-:
. . Shadow_Of_Dark. bAs-Sharaf-aborody-one-zero.
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