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# Transformasi Laplace

TRANSFORMASI LAPLACE
dim ana L( f (t ) f ( s )

L( f (t ) e F (t ) dt F ( s )
0

st

1.Tentukan L( F (T ), jika F (t ) 1

L( f (t ) e 1 dt
st

lim it
b

1 st
st
e 1 dt lim it e
b
s

1 sb
1
lim it (e 1) L(1)
b
s
s

b
01

2.Tentukan L( F (T ), jika F (t ) t

L( f (t ) e tdt
0

st

U t du dt

lim it e t dt ( parsial ) e
b

st

dt dv
1 st
V
e
s

1 st
lim it t
e
b
s
1 st
lim it t
e
b
s
1
2 L(t )
s

st

1 st
e dt
0
s
0

1 st
2e
0
s

b
0

Cata tan :
at

e e
cosh at
2
at
at
e e
sinh at
2
at

## Tabel transformasi Laplace :

F (T )
L( F (T ) F ( s )
1
1.
1
,s 0
s
n!
n
2.
t
,
s

0
n1
s
3.

at

1
,s
sa

F (T )
4.
5.

6.
7.

cos at
sin at
cosh at
sinh at

L( F (T ) F ( s )
s

,s 0

2
2
s a
a
2
2
s a
s
s2 a2
a
s2 a2

,s 0

,s a
,s a

1.SIFAT LINIER :
L( F1 F2 F3 .......)
L( F1 ) L( F2 ) L( F3 ) .......

2.Sifat pergeseran
at

( Perkalian dengan e )
L( F (t )) F ( s )
L(e F (t )) F ( s a )
at

## contoh 1 : L((e sin 2t )

2t

2
F (t ) sin 2t L( F (t )) 2
F (s)
s 4
2
F ( s a)
2
( s 2) 4

2.L((e t )
2t

F (t ) t L( F (t ))

2!

2!
F ( s 2)
3
( s 2)

2 1

F (s)

## 3.Sifat perkalian dengan t

( selain t dianggap F (t ))
L( F (t )) F ( s )
L(t F (t )) (1) F ( s )
n

F ( s ) adl turunan ke n
n

contoh 3 : L((e t ) F (t ) e ,
1
L( F (T )
F ( s)
s2
1
1
F ' (s)

F
'
'
(
s
)

2
3
( s 2)
( s 2)
2t

2t

Sifat turunan :
L F ' (t ) s L F (t ) F (0)

2

Contoh 4 :
L(sin t )
2

## F (t ) (sin t ) F ' (t ) 2 sin t cos t sin 2t

2

L F ' (t ) sL F (t ) F (0)
L sin 2t sL F (t ) 0
2
2
sL F (t ) 0
s 4
2
L F (t )
2
s ( s 4)

Latihan :
1.L(2t 3 sin 2t e )
4

2.L(e

2t

2t

cos t e )

3t

2t

3.L(e t )
t

4.L(t sin t e )
2

5.L(t cos t )
2

6.L(t cos t )

Invers laplace

F ( s)
1
s

1
1

L F ( s ) F (t )
1

n 1

1
sa
1
,a 0
2
2
s a

t
n!
e

at

sin at
a

F (s)
L F ( s ) F (t )
s
cos
at
2
2
s a
sinh at
1
,
a

0
2
2
a
s a
s
cosh
at
2
2
s a
1

6 s 4)
Cari 1.L ( 2
s 4 s 20)
3s 7)
1
2..L ( 2

s 2 s 3)
1

6 s 4)
Cari 1.L ( 2
s 4 s 20)
1 6( s 2) 8
Jawab : .L
2
( s 2) 16)
6( s 2)
8
1
1
L
L
2
2
( s 2) 16)
( s 2) 16)
1

e (6 cos 4t 2 sin 4t )
2t

3s 7 )
2..L ( 2

s 2 s 3)
1 3( s 1) 10
L (

2
( s 1) 4
3( s 1)
10
1
L (
(
)
2
2
( s 1) 4 ( s 1) 4
1

e (3 cosh 2t 5 sinh 2t )
t

P( x)
Integral dr fs rational :
dx, [ p ( x), q ( x) are polynomial ]
Q( x)
deg ree of P ( x) deg ree of Q( x)
I . Q( x) ( x a )( x b)( x c).......a b c
p( x)
A
B
C
therefore

, find A, B, C
q ( x ) ( x a ) ( x b) ( x c )
II .Q( x) ( x a ) 2 ( x b)( x c).... factor berulang
therefore

p( x)
A
B
C
D

, find A, B, C
2
q( x) ( x a) ( x a)
( x b) ( x c )

## III .Q( x) (ax 2 bx c)( x d )( x e)...a sin gle quadratic factor

p( x)
Ax B
B
C
therefore

2
q ( x) (ax bx c) ( x d ) ( x e)

contoh 1 :
4
4 s 6 12
L
2
5
2s 7 s 9 s

4
1 4 s 6
1 12
L
L 2
L 5
s 9
s
2s 7
4
4s
6 12t
7 / 2t
1
1
2e
L 2
L 2

4!
s 9
s 9
4
6
t
7 / 2t
2e
sin 3t 4 cos 3t
3
2
1

conton 2;
5s 7
L 2

s 3s 2
1

jawab :
5s 7
5s 7
1
L 2
L

s 3s 2
( s 1)( s 2)
5s 7
A
B

..cari A, B
( s 1)( s 2) s 1 s 2
1

5s 7
A( s 2) B ( s 1)

( s 1)( s 2)
( s 1)( s 2)
5s 7 A( s 2) B( s 1)
s 2 10 7 B B 3
s 1 5 7 A A 2
5s 7
A
B
1
L

. .
L
s 1 s 2
( s 1)( s 2)
2
3
1
t
2t
L

2e .. 3e
s 1 s 2
1

soal :
3s 16
L 2

s s 6
1

soal :
3s 16
3s 16
1
L 2
L

s s 6
( S 3)( S 2)
A
B

S 3 S 2
3s 16
A( S 2) B( S 3)

( S 3)( S 2)
( S 3)( S 2)
3s 16 A( S 2) B ( S 3)
UNTUK S 2 6 16 5B
B 2
UNTUK S 3 9 16 5 A A 5

3s 16
A
B
1

2
S 3 S 2
s

5e 3t 2e 2t

L1

soal :
2s 1
L 3

s s
1

soal :
A
B
C
2s 1
L 3

s s 1 s 1
s s
2 s 1 A( s 1)( s 1) B ( s )( s 1) C ( s )( s 1)

3
3
s s
s s
s 0 1 A A 1
1

1
s 1 B
2
s 1 3 2C C 3 / 2
2s 1
t
t
L 3

Be

Ce

s s
1

soal

2
s

9
s

19
1
L

2
( s 1) ( s 3)
2

soal
2

2
s
9 s 19
A
B
C
1
L

2
2
S 1 ( S 1)
S 3
( s 1) ( s 3)
2 s 2 9 s 19
A( S 1)( S 3) B( S 3) C ( S 1) 2

2
( s 1) ( s 3)
( s 1) 2 ( s 3)

2 s 2 9 s 19 A( S 1)( S 3) B ( S 3) C ( S 1) 2
S 1 12 4 B B 3
S 3 64 16C C 4
S 0 19 3 A 9 4 A 2
2

1 2 s 9 s 19
t
t
3t
L

2
e

3
te

4
e

2
( s 1) ( s 3)

contoh 3

2
s

3
s

14
1
L

2
(
s

2
)(
s

4
)

2 s 3s 14
3.Tentukan : L

2
( s 2)( s 4)
1

## penyebut tdk dapat difaktorkan

2 s 3s 14
A
Bs C

2
2
( s 2)( s 4) s 2 s 4
2

2 s 3s 14 A( s 4) ( Bs C )( s 2)
2

2 s 3s 14 s ( A B ) s (C 2 B ) 4 A 2C
A B 2 C 2B 3
4 A 2C 14, A 2, B 0, C 3
2

2 s 3s 14
3
2t
L
2e sin 2t
2
2
( s 2)( s 4)
1

s 16 s 24
1. L 4
2
s 20 s 64
1

s3 16s 24
1. L 4
s 20s 2 64
s 3 16 s 24
As B Cs D
4
2
2
2
s 20s 64 s 16 s 4
s 3 16 s 24 ( As B )( s 2 4) (Cs D)( s 2 16)
1

s 3 16 s 24 s 3 ( A C ) s 2 ( B D) s (4 A 16C )
4 B 16 D

s 3 16 s 24 s 3 ( A C ) s 2 ( B D)
s (4 A 16C ) 4 B 16 D
a. A C 1
b.B D 0.............................B 2
c.4 A 16C 16....................12.C 12, C 1
4 A 4C 4
d .4 B 16 D 24
4 B 4 D 0...............12 D 24, D 2

a. A C 1.............. A 0
b.B D 0.............................B 2
c.4 A 16C 16....................12.C 12, C 1
4 A 4C 4
d .4 B 16 D 24
4 B 4 D 0...............12 D 24, D 2
As B Cs D
2
1 / 2 sin 4t cos 2t sin 2t
2
s 16 s 4

soal :
27 12 s
L

2
(
s

4
)(
s

9
)

jawab

27 12s
A
Bs C
L
2

2
s

4
s 9
( s 4)( s 9)
27 12s
A( s 2 9) ( Bs C )( s 4)

2
( s 4)( s 9)
( s 4)( s 2 9)
1

27 12 s

A( s 2 9) ( Bs C )( s 4)
s 2 ( A B ) s(C 4 B ) 9 A 4C

A B 0
C 4 B 12
9 A 4C 27
9 B 4C 27
4C 16 B 48
25 B 75 B 3 A 3 C 0

27 12s
3
3s
4t

3
e
3 cos 3t

2
2
s4 s 9
( s 4)( s 9)

L1

soal :

11s

2s 5
L

( s 2)(2 s 1)( s 1)
1

soal :

11s

2s 5
A
B
C
L

( s 2)(2s 1)( s 1) ( s 2) 2 s 1 s 1
1

11s

2s 5
A(2 s 1)( s 1) B ( s 2)( s 1) C ( s 2)(2 s 1)

( s 2)(2 s 1)( s 1)
( s 2)(2 s 1)( s 1)

11s

## 2 s 5 A(2s 1)( s 1) B ( s 2)( s 1) C ( s 2)(2 s 1)

s 1 18 9C C 3
11 4 20 9
s 1/ 2
BB3
4 4 4 4
s 2 44 4 5 9 A A 5
2

11s

2s 5
3 2
1
2t
L
5e e t 3e t
( s 2)(2s 1)( s 1)
2
2

soal :
s 1
L

2
( s 3)( s 2 s 2)
1

soal :
s 1
A
Bs C
L

2
2
( s 3)( s 2s 2) s 3 s 2 s 2)
1

s 1
s 1
A 4 / 5
B 4/5
C 1/ 5

A( s 2 2s 2) ( Bs C )( s 3)
s 2 ( A B ) s ( 2 A 3B C )

Bs C
........dst
2
s 2 s 2)
4 / 5( s 1) 3 / 5

( s 1) 2 1

.......................... Ae 3t
e

3t

4 / 5s 1 / 5
2
e 3t
s 2s 2)

4 / 5e 3t 3 / 5e t sin t 4 / 5e t cos t

## Turunan dan int egral dr T Laplace :

dF ( s )
L tf (t )
ds
1 dF ( s )
L
tf (t )
ds

Lt

dF ( s )
f (t ) (1)
n
ds
n
dF ( s )
n n

1
)
t
f
(
t
)

n
ds
n

Selanjutnya diperoleh :
1 1 dF ( s )
F (t ) L F ( s ) L

t
ds
1

Contoh 1 :

L e

2t

u
sin
2
u
du

## Jawab; menurut pergeseran F ( s a) F ( s 2)

t

Dimana F (t ) u sin 2u du
0

1
F ( s ) L u sin 2u du L t sin 2t
s
0

1 d
s
4

( 2
) 2
s ds s 4
( s 4) 2
4
F ( s 2)
(( s 2) 2 4) 2

contoh 2 :
s 1
L ln

s 1

s 1
1 1 d
s 1
1
L ln
(ln
)
L
s 1
t
s 1

ds
1 1 1
1
1 1 2
L

L 2
t
t
s 1
s 1 s 1
2
sinh t
t
1

F (t )
L
F (u ) du
t
s
F (t ) L F ( s ) t L
1

F
(
u
)
du

contoh 3 :
e 1
t
L
di sin i F (t ) e 1
t
t

1
1
1
1
F ( s ) L(e 1)
F (u )

s 1 s
u 1 u

1
1
F (t )
L
du
F (u ) du
u 1 u
t
s
s
t

1
1
lim it
du lim it ln(u 1) ln u
b
b
u

1
u
s
b 1
s 1
s
lim it ln
ln
ln
b
b
s
s 1

b
s

s
contoh 4 : L 2
2
( s 1)
1

1
L

s
1

tL
F (u ) du
2
2

( s 1)
s
subtitusi

u
1
2
tL
du V u 1
2
2
s (u 1)
dV 2udu

1
d
(
u
1)
1
tL
2
2
2 (u 1)
s

1
tL
2(u 2 1)
1

1
1
tL
t sinh t
2
2( s 1) 2
1

Soal :

s 1
Tentukan L 2
2
( s 2 s 5)
1

s 1
u 1
1
L 2
tL
du
2
2
2
( s 2 s 5)
s (u 2u 5)
2
Dengan metode subtitusi V u 2u 5
1
2
dV (2u 2)du V dV
2
t 1
1
t 1
1
L 2
L
2
2
s 2s 5
( s 1) 2 4
t t
e sin 2t
4
1

THEOREMA KONVOLUSI ;
Konvolusi dua buah fungsi
F (t ) dan G (T )ditulis :
t

F (t ) G (T ) F (u ).G (t u ) du
0

THEOREMA KONVOLUSI ;
Konvolusi dua buah fungsi
F (t ) dan G (T )ditulis :
t

F (t ) G (T ) F (u ).G (t u ) du
0

L( F (t ) G (T )) F ( s ).G ( s )
1

L ( F ( s ).G ( s )) ( F (t ) G (T ))

Tentukan :

1
1
1
1
L 2
L 2

2 2
2
2
2
(s w )
(s w ) (s w )
1

1
Ambil F ( s ) G ( s ) 2
2
(s w )
1
1
F (t ) G (t ) L 2
sin wt
2
w
(s w )
dg th konvolusi

1
1
L 2

L
( F ( s ).G ( s ))
2 2
(s w )
1

( F (t ) G (T )) F (u ).G (t u ) du
0

1
2 sin wu. sin w(t u ) du
w 0

cos(
2
wu

wu
)

.
cos
wu
du
2
2w 0
1 sin( 2 wu wu )

.
u
cos
wu
2
2w
2w
1 sin wt sin wt

.
t
cos
wt
2
2w
2w
1

(sin
wt

.
wt
cos
wt
)
3
2w

t
0

s3
Tentukan : L
dengan cara diatas diperoleh;
2
2
( s 4 s 8)
s3
s3
1
1
L
L
2
2
( s 4 s 8)
(( s 2) 2 4) 2
s
5
1
1
L
L
2
2
2
2
(( s 2) 4)
(( s 2) 4)
s
1
2 t 1
2 t 1
e L
5e L
2
2
2
2
(( s ) 4)
(( s ) 4)
1

1
1
L 2

## (sin wt .wt cos wt )

2 2
3
2w
(s w )
1
2 t t sin 2t
2t
e
5e
(sin 2t 2t cos 2t )
3
2 .2
2 .2
1

## APLIKASI UNTUK PERS DIFFERENSIAL

contoh
Tentukan solusi PD :
y ' ' t y ' t 6 yt 1 e
y (0) 1, y ' (0) 2

2t

## Tulis laplace di kiri dan kanan

L( y ' ' t y ' t 6 yt ) L(1 e )
2t

2t

## s L y (t ) sy (0) y ' (0)

2

s L y (t ) y (0) 6 L( yt ) L(1 e 2t )

1
1
L y (t ) s s 6 s 2 1
s s2
2

1
1
s 3
s
s

2
L y (t )
2
s s6

s s 4s 2
L y (t )
2
s ( s 2) s s 6
3

s s 4s 2

s ( s 2) s 2 ( s 3)
A
B
C
D

s ( s 2) ( s 2) s 3
3

1
3
3
4
A , B ,C
,D
6
4
20
15
B
C
D
1 A

y (t ) L

s ( s 2) ( s 2) s 3
1 3 2 t 3 2 t 4 3t
e e e
6 4
20
15

## soal1. : Tentukan solusi PD

y ' '2 y '8 y 0,
y (0) 1, y ' (0) 8
2. y ' '9 y 0, y (0) 0, y ' (0) 2
3. y ' ' y '2 y 0, y (0) 0 y ' (0) 3

## jawab : L( y ' '2 y '8 y ) 0

Ly ' '2 Ly '8Ly 0

## s 2 L y (t ) sy (0) y ' (0)

2 s L y (t ) y (0) 8 L( yt ) 0

s 2 L y (t ) s 8 2 sL( y (t )) 2 8 L( yt ) 0
l ( y (t )( s 2 2 s 8) s 10 0
s 10
( s 1) 9
L( yt ) 2

s 2s 8 ( s 1) 2 9
( s 1)
9
1
t
( y (t ) L

e
(cosh 3t 9 / 3 sinh 3t )
2
2
( s 1) 9 ( s 1) 9

Jawab no 2 :
y ' '9 y 0, y (0) 0, y ' (0) 2

## Ly ' '9 Ly 0 s L y (t ) sy (0) y ' (0)) 9l ( y ) 0

2

s L y s (0) 2 9 L( y ) 0
2

L( y )( s 2 9) 2
2
2
1
L( y ) 2
y L sin 3t
3
s 9

Jawab no 3 :
y ' ' y '2 y 0, y (0) 0, y ' (0) 3
L( y ' ' y '2 y ) L(0),

## s L y s ( y (0)) y ' (0) s L y (t ) y (0) 2 L( y ) 0

2

s L y s (0) 3 s L y y (0) 2 L( y ) 0
2

3
3
L y 2

s s 2 ( s 1 / 2) 2 9 / 4
3
1
1 / 2 t
yL (
)e
((3) / 9 / 4 ) sinh 9 / 4t
2
( s 1 / 2) 9 / 4

Tentukan :

8s
l 2

2
( s 1)( s 1)
1

Jawab :
F (u ) sin U
G (u ) cos (U )
G (t u ) cos(t u ) cos t cos U sin t sin u
t

0

## 8 cos t sin u cos udu 8 sin t sin 2u du

t

cos 2u 1
4 cos t sin 2udu 8 sin t
du
2
0
0
1
2 cos t ( cos 2u ) 4 sin t ( sin 2u u ) t0
2
t
0

1
2 cos t (cos 2t 1) 4 sin t ( sin 2t t )
2
2 cos t cos 2t 2 cos t 2 sin t sin 2t 4t sin t
2 cos t (1 cos 2t ) 4 sin t sin t cos t 4t sin t
2 cos t (1 1 2 sin t 2 sin t ) 4t sin t
4t sin t
2

Tentukan :
y ' ' (t ) y (t ) 8 cos t
dim ana y (0) 1, y ' (0) 1

Jawab :
y ' ' (t ) y (t ) 8 cos t , dim ana y (0) 1, y ' (0) 1
L( y ' ' (t ) y (t )) L8 cos t
8s
s ( y ) sy (0) y ' (0) y 2
s 1
8s
2
y ( s 1) s 1 2
s 1
1
8s
y 2
(s 1 2 )
s 1
s 1
s 1
8s
y 2
2
cos t sin t 4t sin t
2
s 1 ( s 1)( s 1)
2

## 1. y ' ' y t , y (0) 1, y ' (0) 2

jawab;
L( y ' ' y ) Lt ,
1
L( s ( y ) sy (0) y ' (0)) Ly 2
s
1
s 2 L( y ) s 2 Ly 2
s
1
L( y ) ( s 2 1) s 2 2
s
1
s2 2
1
s s2
L( y )
s2 1
s 2 1 ( s 2 1) s 2
2

( s 2) s 2
1
2
2
2
( s 1) s
( s 1) s 2

( s 2) s
1
2

2
2
2
( s 1) s
( s 1) s
2

s 2s 1 A B Cs D
2

2
2
2
( s 1) s
s s
( s 1)
A 0, C 1, D 3, B 2
t cos t 3 sin t
3

y (0) 1
y ' (0) 12 / 5