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ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM

THE ELECTROMAGNETIC
SPECTRUM

1.IT CONSISTS OF A GROUP OF WAVES WITH SIMILAR NATURES.

2.THE MEMBERS OF

5.MOST ELECTRO-

THE ELECTROSCIENCMAGNETIC

MAGNETIC SPECTRUM

SPECTRUM IS

ARE USED IN

ARRANGED IN

SCIENCE FOR

INCREASING

SPECTROSCOPIC .

WHAT IS
ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

FREQUENCIES AND

DECREASING WAVELENGTH.

3.RADIO WAVES HAS THE LONGEST


4.GAMMA RAYS HAS THE WAVELENGTH
BUT LOW FREQUENCY.
SHORTEST WAVELENGTH
BUT HIGH FREQUENCY.

1. IT IS PRODUCED WHEN ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELD VIBRATE AI RIGHT ANGLE TO


EACH OTHER.

ELECTRO2.THE DIRECTION OF
PROPAGATION OF

MAGNETIC

5. ELECTROMAGNETIC
WAVES ARE SPLIT

DESCRIBE THE
PROPERTIES
OF
ELECTROMAGNETIC
ELECTROMAGNETIC
WAVES

THE WAVE IS

SPECTRUM

INTO DIFFERENT

PERPENDICULAR

CATEGORIES

TO BOTH FIELDS.

BASED ON

3. ALTHOUGH IT CARRIES

WAVES

THEIR FREQUENCY.

NO MASS ELECTRO-MAGNETIC
WAVE CARRIES ENERGY.
THEY CAN TRAVEL
THEY TRANSFER
THROUGH VACUUM.
ENERGY FROM
ONE POINT TO
4. ANY ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES WITH A FREQUENCY (OR WAVELENGTH)BETWEEN
ANOTHER.
BOTH EXTREMES CAN BE SEEN BY HUMANS.

THEY OBEY THE


WAVE EQUATION
v=f

DESCRIBE THE
PROPERTIES OF
ELECTRO-MAGNETIC
WAVES

THEY ALL SHOW


WAVE PROPERTIES
SUCH AS
REFLECTION,
REFRACTION,
DIFFRACTION, AND
INTERFERENCE.

THEY ARE TRANSVERSE


WAVES.

LIST SOURCES OF
ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES
AND THE APPLICATIONS
ELECTROMAG
NETIC WAVE

GAMMA RAYS

SOURCES

APPLICATI
ON

-ENGINEERING- TO
DETECT LEAKAGES
IN
UNDERGROUND
PIPES.
-MEDICINECANCER
TRAETMENT

-FOOD
STERILIZATION
-GAMMA RAYS
TYPICALLY HAVE
FREQUENCIES
ABOVE 10
EXAHERTZ (OR
>1019 Hz)
X-RAYS

-MEDICINE- X-RAY
-PHOTOGRAPHY
OF THE INTERNAL
ORGANS OF THE
BODY. (EG:
LOCATE BONE
FRACTURE)
- CANCER
TREATMENT
-ENGINEERING- TO
DETECT CRACKS
IN
METAL
-CHECKING OF
LUGGAGE AT
AIRPORTS
-PHOTOGRAPHS

MADE WITH XRAY


ARE KNOWN AS
RADIOGRAPHS OR
SKIAGRAPHS

ULTRAVIOLET RAYS

-CAUSE SUNBURN
-DETECT FAKE
NOTES
-FLOURESCENT
LAMP
-STERILIZATION OF
SURGICAL TOOLS
AND PLANT
SEEDLINGS.

VISIBLE LIGHT

-VISUAL
COMMUNICATION
-PHOTOGRAPHY
-PHOTOSYNTHESIS

INFRARED RADIATION

- WHITE LIGHT
ARE ACTUALLY
MADE UP OF A
WHOLE RANGE OF
COLOURS MIXED
UP TOGETHER.
-A SENSATION OF
WARMTH IS FELT
WHEN IR FALLS
ON THE SKIN.
-THERMAL
IMAGING AND
PHSIOTHERAPHY.
-INFRARED
BINOCULARS FOR
NIGHT TIME
VISION.
-REMOTE
CONTROL FOR
TV/VCR.

MICROWAVES

-COMMUNICATION
SYSTEM WITH
SATELLITES
-USED IN RADAR
SYSTEM
-COOKING

RADIO WAVES

-CELLULAR
(MOBILE) PHONE
SERVICE
-FOR
BROADCASTING
AND WIRELESS
COMMUNICATION
-UHF (ULTRA HIGH
FREQUENCY)
RADIO WAVES
TELEVISION AND
HAND PHONES.
-VHF (VERY HIGH
FREQUENCY)
RADIO WAVELOCAL RADIO FM
AND WIRELESS
COMMUNICATION
USED BY THE
POLICE.
- RADIO WAVE
TRAVEL AT THE
SPEED OF LIGHT
IN A VACUUM.

DESCRIBE THE DETRIMENTAL


EFFECTS OF EXCESSIVE
EXPOSURE TO CERTAIN
COMPONENTS OF THE
ELECTROMAGNETIC
SPECTRUM
RADIO WAVES
MICROWAVES

INFRARED

NO EVIDENCE OF HAZARD.
INTERNAL HEATING OF BODY TISSUES
WHEN THEY ENTER OUR BODY.
LONG EXPOSURE TO MOBILE PHONES
CAN CAUSE BRAIN TUMOUR AND INNER
EAR COMPLICATION IN CHILDREN.
SKIN BURNS.

VISIBLE LIGHT
ULTRAVIOLET

NO EVIDENCE OF HAZARD.
DAMAGE TO THE SURFACE CELLS
( INCLUDING SKIN CANCER) AND
BLINDNESS.

X-RAYS
GAMMA RAYS

DAMAGE TO CELLS. CANCER, MUTATION


THE MUTATED CELLS MAY RESULT IN THE
ABNORMAL GROWTH OF CANCER CELLS.
PREGNANT MOTHERS WHO ARE
EXPOSED TO X-RAYS AND RADIATIONS
TOO FREQUENCY MAY CAUSE
ABNORMALITIES IN NEW BORN BABIES.