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# In Math 1040, Intro to Statistics, We constructed a cluster sample of Original Skittles this is the

## result from the project.

Count Red
My Bag
Class
Count

Count
Red
14
234

Count
Orange
9
243

Count
Yellow
12
235

Count
Green
16
258

Count
Purple
11
228

Total
62
1198

Any time I have gotten skittles it seems like I always had a lot more of one color and a lot
less of another. So that didnt surprise me. But, after of looking at the entire classes, I was
surprised to see the total amount of each colors were pretty close in range.
One of the observations that seem to be an outlier is ID 15. Out of all the observations,
this one has a lot less skittles in the bag than the other bags of skittles. The actual percent could
vary between the colors. They may be closer or they may be further but we would not be able to
get an accurate measure if the data was not correct.
My bag of skittles does not match any other bag of skittles that was recorded. As long as
this is taken at random, I believe it would be extremely rare if there was a bag that had the exact
same.

For the overall sample gathered, we are assuming that they are all somewhere around
20%. Because there are five different colors, the percent of each added together should equal
100%. There is a slight difference in the percent. I assume this because there is a small difference
between the amounts in each color, compared to the total amount of skittles. Listed are guesses
and also once it was done with a calculator.

Color

Guess

Actual

Purple
Red
Yellow
Orange
Green

19 %
19.5 %
19.7 %
20 %
21 %

19.03 %
19.53 %
19.62 %
20.28 %
21.54 %

This is a cluster sample. College students at SLCCs Math 1040 class, being taught by
Professor Alia Maw, purchased a 2.17 oz bag of Original Skittles at different times and locations.

It is not a simple random sample because each student had equal opportunity of being chosen to
participate in the sample. The population would be all of the Original Skittles.
Charts below for visual aid.

The total candies in each bag is skewed left. I was expecting it to be systematic because all of
the candies were fairly close to each other. However, after looking at the total numbers of candies in
each bag again, I see that there is one that has a lot less than the other bags and one that has quite a
bit more than the rest. I would say that the overall data collected by the whole class agrees with my
own because the total amount of candies in my bag were close to the average of the others. There
were 62 candies in my bag and there were 20 bags of skittles all together.

Categorical data is based off of an attribute or characteristic of the data and can be counted by
the groups. Quantitative is can be measured and listed in order.

Using the total number of candies in each bag in our class sample, compute the following
measures for the variable Total candies in each bag.
Mean: 59.9
Standard Deviation: 6
5-Number Summary: 38, 59, 61, 62, 69

Create a frequency histogram for the variable Total candies in each bag.

Create a box plot for the variable of Total candies in each bag

## In statistics, we are estimating the probability of different types of samples. Confidence

intervals provide us with a range of values. Each sample can vary. Also, depending on the
population it, it can be unrealistic to gather certain types of data. So taking a sample and having a
range of values can give us more confidence in our data.

1. Construct a 99% confidence interval estimate for the population proportion of yellow candies.

.1962.005

.1962 ( 1.1962 )
=.167 .1962+.005
1198

.1962 ( 1.1962 )
=.226
1198

(.167, .226)

2. Construct a 95% confidence interval estimate for the population mean number of candies per bag.

59.9+2.093

## ( 620 )=62.7 59.92.093( 620 )=57.1

(62.7, 57.1)

3. Construct a 98% confidence interval estimate for the population standard deviation of the number
of candies per bag.

( 201 )( 6 )
( 201 ) ( 6 )
=4.3
=9.5
36.191
7.633

4.3 9.5
We are 99% confident that the portion of yellow candies in a skittles bag is between 0.167 and
0.023 of the total. We are also 95% confident that the average number of candies per skittle bag is
between 58 and 63 candies. (Rounded up to a whole number.) In addition, if the experiment for
the estimated population standard deviation for the number of candies per bag was repeated, we
are 98% confident the population standard deviation of the number of candies per skittle bag is
between 4.3 and 9.5.