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Textbook Answers

1 Fractions and decimals

Exercises 1.1

1

a 8

b 4

c 2 d 2 e 4

f 2

2 a 3

b

10

c 3

3

a 0

b 0

c 2

4

a 2°C

b 6°C

of 5 mm of 4 dB

e 6

5

a

contraction of 3 mm

b

contraction

c gain d 4 f 1

7

6

a loss of 2 dB

a 2

b 14

b loss of 8 dB

8 a 6

b 8 c 4

f 12

9

b 2

c 6

d 4

e 8

 

b 7

a 4

Exercises 1.2

1

a 14

b 1

c 26

2 a 12

c 29

3 a 10

b

5

4 a 40

b 6

c 9

d 2

Exercises 1.3

 

1

a

2, 3, 5

b 3, 9

c 2, 3, 4

d 3, 5, 9

e 2, 3, 9

e

0.02

f 0.003

 

7

a 0.024

b 0.0006

c 0.002 88

d

1.8

e 0.6

f 0.000 06

8

a 0.09

b 0.0004

 

c

0.36

d 1.44

e 0.0144

f 0.000 121

g 0.0009

h

1.21

9

a 0.2

b 0.9

c 0.07

d 1.2

10 a 26.08

b

1.203

c 230.7

d 0.0521

11

a 2.03

b 732.8

c

6.003

d 1.703

e 0.0732

f 0.0039

12 a 0.68

b

5.33

c 62.15

d 234.20

e 0.04

f 0.00

g 0.01

h

0.00

13 a 400

b 0.567

c 0.234

14

a 30

b

0.4

c 0.2

d 0.03

15

a 20

b 20

c 0.3

16

a 3.6

b 200 m

17

a 0.12

b

0.16

c

0.024

d 0.48

18 a 150

b 0.06 s

 

19

a 1.46 mm

b

43.8 mm

c 0.584 mm

20

3066 mm 2

21

3.4 m/s

22 4000 W 23 19.8 J

24

20 s

25

a 1.5 s

b 45 s

26 4.8 min

 

27

a 7000 kg

b 0.002 m 3

 

12

7

3

10

8

7

6

3

g 2, 4

3

4

4

7

g

1 7 1

c 11

e

2 1 4

1

1

1

1

5

6

1

1

1

11

3

5

1

1

8

3

4

a

1

1

3

5

b

3

5

7

1

6

1

8

3

1

1

2

7

1

1 8

b

7

1

c

5 a 2

7

b

1

2

1

1

a

d

1

2

3

2

0

3

b

e

b

c

9

3

4

9 7

0 0 0

7

1

1

4

3

1

c

3

4

0 0

2

c

1

0

5

f

1

d 83

2

1

b 21

1

10

1

c 86

2

0

a 60

2

3

1

1

d

4

7 Exercises 1.5

9

1

1

a 2

2

c

3

7

5

d

0 Exercises 1.6

2

1

7

1

1

8

2

3

1

4

b 31

5

9

d 29

1

4

3

d 3

7

1

e 103

3

13

a 19

b

1 0

1

2

g 26

4

h

d 2

b 7

b

1

3

i

15

c 2

9

1

4

9

7

c 2

9

c

9

2

20

5

2

a

1

2

d 1 3

e 2

j 50 k

1

b 1

8

1

e

7

1

8

7

e 1

9

2

9

3

2

0

a 12

1

2

d 2 3

d

2

3

1

3

1

4

b

22

1

2

a

9 Exercises 1.8

0

1

c 4

7

m 24 a 13

8

3

4

28

2

h

3

29

h 0

i U

a 0

j 0

f 3, 5

h 3, 9

2

e

3

4

2

b 4

d

e

f

f 1 0

4

2

3

h

d 4 2

f

3 7

1

2

1

g 1 2

h

a

e 4 4

1

1

6

a

5

3

0 0

2

d

1

3

0 0

1

8

a

b 96

1

b 1 8

c

2

c 64 5

1

d 16

1

a 67

b 2 7

d 33

14

d

1

5

d

1

3

c 31 2

e

a 1

5

e 1

8

b 2

1

2

b 4 3

16

3

c 7

3

4

9

g 5

1

6

21

1

2 A

19

a

23

3

4

1

1

h

1

8

b 5 9

c 1 2

2

b 1 3

26

1

2

c U

d 0

e U

f 0

1

c

1 0 m

b U

1

a 2500

b 2400

c 2500

d 600

e 700

f 800

g

1000

2 a 74

b 73

c 74

d 99

e 100

f 1000

3

a 1.36

b 1.36

c 1.35

d 0.03

e 0.06

f 0.01

1

a 3

b 2

c 3

d 4

 

e 2

f

1

2 a 0.0346 kg

 

b

34.0 m

c 0.0490 g

d

601 m

e 4.01 t

f 781 km

3

a 520 g

b 52 mm

c 0.542 kg

d 16.1 t

e

650 m

f 0.024 m 2

 

Exercises 1.7

 

1

a 1.00

b 6.45

c 0.02

d 0.92

e 1.34

f 10.01

g

21.26

h 1.00

i 2.14

j 19.67

k 18.83

 

l

16.21

m 1.81

n 2.45

o 8.25

p 4.03

q

1.62

r

11.31

s 16.21

t

1.40

u 9.36

v 2.78

w 8.27 e 25

2

2

2 2

4 5

x 6.72 f 10

1

1

1 3 2 0

2

1

a 4

9

3 1 5

b 2

7

c 3 8

d

2

2

5

9 a 58

4

c 13

7

a

c 16

l 21

c

17 a

f

c

b

b

3

7

1

20

4

5

9

1

0

3

1

1

6

25

1

4

1

3

2

3

f

5

a

a

c 1

3

a 2

1

18

a

1

9

b

2

3

1

5

7

27

5

h

6

g U

1

9.37

2

6.39

3

0.28 4 0.72

5

3.88 6 0.37

7

6.25

8 7.30

9

0.02

10

0.77

11

3.23 12 3.04

1.9 Self-test

 

1

a 2

b 2

2

a 0

b 8

c 0

d 2 e 4

3

a 5°C rise

b 2°C drop

4

a 4

b 4 5 a 0

b

9 6 a 5

b 3

7

a 4

b 2

8

a 7

b 11

9

12

a 6

a

2

7

1

5

b 16

1

b

3

5

c 3.216

d 30

d 3.17

e 3.2

1

1

1

2

13

10

a

15

f 0.2

3

a 43

7

1

1

3

5

b

1 2 5

a 0.06

1

b 7

9

14

11

3

a 4

8

b

4

9

a 8.10

b 4.37

b 0.0252

c 0.132

g 0.000 144

h 0.11

i 1.21

k

U

l 0

Exercises 1.4

 

1

a 21.124

b 239.58

c 30.008

2

a 63.68

b 3.05

c

11.618

3

a 0.043

b 0.63

c 2500

d 0.006

4

a 0.23

b 69

c 60

d 0.02

5

a 22.78

b 16.38

c

4.046

d 7.752

6

a 0.006

b 1.15

c 25.2

d 0.1

16

a 1.06

b 0.99

c 1.81

d 0.97

e 3.65

f 0.17

g

4.36

h 1.53

i 0.69

j 9.20

k 2.54

l 1.87

17

a 62.1

b 55.4

c 27.5

d 1291.4

e 5.1

f 1.1

g

82.9

h 44.7

i 199.9

j 189.3

k 0.8

l 3.3

2 Ratio, proportion and percentage

Exercises 2.1

1

7

15:17

1.54:1 8 1:2:80

2 17:48

3 30:1

4 7:10

9 a 0.810:1

5 9:40

b 1:1.24

6 3:25 10 6 m

11

10 L, 17 2 L, 22 2 L

1

1

12 a 14 m

b 2.8 m

 

Exercises 2.2

 

1

$1.60

2 1400

3

70 km

 

4 340

5

39 km

Exercises 2.3

 

1

yes

2

no

3 a no

b no

 

4 yes

5 a no

b

yes

c no

d yes

e no

6 a no

b yes

c no

7

a no b

yes

8 12.1 m/s

 

9

500 g

10 18.8 mN

11

84

12

a i 32

 

ii

5

b

i

27.4

ii

199

c

i 66.8

ii

154

13

a 0.56 t

b 20 mm

 

14

a 18.7 m/s

b 19.5 N

 

Exercises 2.4

1 a 30.9

b 30.5

c 2.53

2

a 21 s

b 3.0 A

3

a

0.506 revs/hour

b 119 min

c 42 300 km

d

384 000 km

 

Exercises 2.5

1

a 0.244

b 24.2

2 7.9 mm

3 24.7

Exercises 2.6

1

b

a 0.38

b 0.02

c 0.0163

d 0.000 14

2

a 0.501

2.46

c 10.356

d 25.2

e 426

3

a 0.09

b 0.6

c 0.21

d 0.2

4

a 3.80

b 90

c 2.03

d 0.050

0.273

5

a 35c

b 50.0

c 5 min 39 s

d 3.70 t

47.3 m

6 a 43.1%

b 55.5%

c 236%

d 83.3%

400%

f 66.7%

g 0.318%

h 37.5%

i 2680%

91.7%

7

a 21.1%

b 27.5%

8

a 140.4 kg

e

e

e

j

9

1

2 2 %

d 2.79

10 4.3%

e 5.17

12

11

a 7.21

a 19.9

b 11.61

c 20.52

b 6.37

c 101

d 0.730

2.7 Self-test

1

$102, $170

3

a 327 Hz

b 12.9%

decrease

4

2 82% a 2.96 mL

b $2.82

5 0.05%

6 20%

7

a 128.5 kg

b 0.7 kg

c 147 kg

3 Measurement and mensuration

c 0.5 t

d 350 mm

e 81.6 m

f 800 g

Exercises 3.2

1 1600

2

50 km

Exercises 3.3

1 30

2 600

Exercises 3.4

1

a 0.1 kg (100 g)

b 40 mg

2 a 3%

b 0.7%

c

1%

Exercises 3.5

1 a 0.5 km, 0.64%, 77.5 78.5 km

0.6%, 0.0825 0.0835 kg

3.9995 4.0005 m

b 0.0005 kg,

c 0.0005 m, 0.013%,

d 0.000 000 5 t, 0.8%,

0.000

062 5 0.000 063 5 t

e 0.005 t, 1.1%,

0.465

0.475 t

f 0.5 km, 0.076%, 653.5 654.5 km

2

a 354.11

b 0.01

c 20.00

d 0.15

e 0.00

f

6.30

Exercises 3.6

1

9.14

2 6.99

3 4.84

4 15.8

5 6.90

6 7.82

7

6.35

8 2.45

9 24.8

10 270

11 1.01

12 13.5

Exercises 3.7

1

5.39 m

2 2.65 m

3 2.75 m

4 1.987 km

5

170 mm

6 0.62 m

7 17.4 mm

8 1180 mm

9

24.5 mm

10

13.1 m

11

1.8 m

Exercises 3.8

1

a 5

b 16

c 1

d 13

e 36

2 2

:1

3

a

k 13

b t 15

c n 26

Exercises 3.9

1 a 0.211 m 2

Exercises 3.10

b 211 000 mm 2

2 $1.60

1

30 m 2

2

12 m 2

3

6 m 2

4 6.02 m 2

 

5

a 6 m 2

b

2.4 m

6

a 6 m 2

b 2.4 m

7

8 m 2

8

6 m 2

9

20 m 2

10 12.3 m 2

11

25 m 2

12 21 cm 2

Exercises 3.11

1

a 126 mm, 1260 mm 2

b 7.54 m, 4.52 m 2

c

400 mm, 12 700 mm 2

d 2.59 m, 0.536 m 2

e

1.02 m, 83 500 mm 2

2

a 15.7 m 2

b 93.9 mm 2

c

9570 mm 2

d 505 mm 2

e 5.74 m 2

3 549 mm

4

165 mm

5

1.39 m

6 174 mm

7 0.209 m 2

8

a 24.6 m 2

b 2340 m 2

c 57.9 m 2

d 16.1 m 2

e

20.6 m 2

f 10.3 m 2

 

Exercises 3.12

 

1

a 0.000 008 63 m 3

b 69 mL

c 4.5 cm 3

Exercises 3.1

 

d

0.027 m 3

e 23 000 mm 3

2 a 376 000 mm 3

 

1

a 0.001 kg

b 1000 kg

c 0.001 m

d 0.000 001 m

b

376 mL

c 0.000 376 m 3

d 0.376 L

e 376 cm 3

e

0.01 m

f 0.000 001 kg

2

a 2.63 g

b 75.4 km

3

a 156 cm 3

b 156 mL

4

1.75 m 3

5 1560 cm 3

148 Mathematics for Technicians

g b 75.4 km 3 a 156 cm 3 b 156 m L 4 1.75 m

6

1.9 m 3

7

302 mL

8 47.2 cm 3

9

a 1.26 kL

c

k 2 6k 9

d

x 2 9

e 4x 2 12x 9

b

0.707 m 3

10

a 4.81 m

b 9.08 m 2

c 5.78 m 2

f

h 2 1

g 9t 2 12t 4

h 25b 2 10b 1

d

83.2 m 3

Exercises 3.13

1

0.0177 m 2

2 62.7 m 2

3 176 mm 2

4 126 cm 2

5

283 m 2

6

110 m 2

 

3.16 Self-test

 

1

a 0.0567 km

 

b 2.700 g

c 54 cm 2

d 120 cm 3

e

0.086 00 t

f 4.83 mL

2

a 64.0 cm

b 144 cm 2

3

a 70.7 mm

b 2500 mm 2

c 3930 mm 2

d

55 300 cm 3

e

2.57 m 2

4 3530 cm 3 , 27.6 kg

5

11.9 mm, 446 mm 2

6

a 7.23

b 4.64

c 1.91

d

29.3

e 195

f 17.0

g 4.83

h 2.39

i 0.263

j

4.89

4 Introduction to algebra

Exercises 4.1

1

a 6

b

18

c

11

d

1

e 5

 

2

a 9

 

b

5

c

18

d

36

e 12

3 a 64

b

49

c 4

d

16

4

a 9

b 9

c

9

d

1

e 25

f 5

h

3

I

18

j 12

k 36

l 36

 

5

a 0

g 2 5

b

c

5

d

12

6

a

1

1

b 2

6

c

1

6

7 a 8

 

b

2

c

1

d

6

e 1

f 5

 

Exercises 4.2

 

1ai 6

ii

7

iii

6

iv

7

b

i 9

 

ii

3

iii

9

iv

3

c

i

3

ii

8

iii

3

iv

8

d

i 6

ii

2

iii

6

iv

2

2

d

a

3a 2b

b

2ab 2 5a 2 b

3x 7y

c

2g 4f

e 13xy 4x 6y

f 2a 2 b

Exercises 4.3

1

a

a b c

b

a b c

c

a b c

d

a

b c

e a b c

f

a

2 a x 1

b

m 3

c 3k 6

d 4

e

8 5b

f 2t

3

a 2a 2 b 2

b x

c 2q 2

 

Exercises 4.4

 

1

a 12pq

b 42lm

c 32a

d

15tx

e 5x 2

f

8x 2

g 6x 2

h 3a 2 b

i 8a 2 b

j 2ax 2

k 15k 2 m

l

15x 2 y

2

a x

b 3x

c

3t 2

d

18t

e 4sy

f

a b

g 3(x y)

h a(2b c)

i 3a

Exercises 4.5

1

a

3x 6y

b

2a 2b

 

c

6x 12y

d

2ab 3ax

e a 2 2ab

f

3m 2 2m

g

8a 8b

h 2mp 3pq

i

5

2

a

ax ay bx by

b

at 2a 3t 6

c

mt mf kt fk

d

x 2 5x 6

e

6x 2 13x 6

f 2x 2 7x 3

g

mk 3m 2k 6

h ab ax bx x 2

i x 2 a 2

3

a

x 2 6x 9

b

4a 2 16a 16

Exercises 4.6

1

2

a 3x

b 3

a

a b

b

c 2x

3(x 2 y)

d

xy

e 2pq 2

f 2ab 2

c 2ab(p 3q)

d

p(m 2k)

e

a(b 2x)

f

a(a b)

3

a

3

x

 

y

b

x

y

3

c

2

2a b

x( p

q )

c d

f 3(x y)

4

d

a

2 p

(

c

6xy

6(a b)

e

3

e 24p 2 q 2

q )

d x 2 y 2