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CONSTANTE UNIVERSAL DE LOS GASES R

mmHg L
cal
kJ
1.9872
62 .361
8.31434
gmol K
gmol K
kmol K
8.31434

kPa m 3
kmol K

82 .057

atm cm 3
gmol K

atm m 3
0.08205
kmol K
atm L
0.08205
gmol K
J
8314 .34
kmol K
ft 3 lb f
10 .73 2
in lbmol R
ft 3 atm
0.7302
lbmol R
J
8.31434
gmol K

bar m 3
0.08314
kmol K

L atm
kmol K
BTU
1.9872
lbmol R
ft lb f
1545 .35
lbmol R
82 .05

psia ft
10 .73
lbmol R
bar L
0.08314
gmol K
3

555

mmHg ft 3
lbmol R

inHg ft 3
21 .85
lbmol R
kW hr
0.0005819
lbmol R
HP hr
0.0007805
lbmol R
mmHg ft 3
998 .9
lbmol K
atm ft
1.314
lbmol K

1 yarda = 3 ft = 0.9144 m = 36 in

= 14.5038 lbf /in2 = 750 mmHg

1 braza = 6 ft

FUERZA

mbar = 100 Pa = 1 000 dina /cm2

kg m
1N 1
1 105 dina 0.22481 lb f 7.233 poundal
seg 2

1 lbf /ft2 = 478.8 dina /cm2 = 0.1922 inH2O = 47.88 Pa


= 6.944x10-3 lbf /in2 = 4.725x10-4 atm

1 kgf = 9.80665 N
1 lb f 32.174

1 grf =980.665 dinas

g 9.80665

1 baria 1

lb ft
4.44822 N 0.454 kg f 32.174 poundal
seg 2

kg m
kg seg 2
f

1 dina 1
kg m
N seg 2

32.174

dina
cm 2

1 Pa 1

gr cm
seg 2

lb ft
f
lb seg 2
f

slug ft
lb seg 2
f

ACELERACIN
1

ft
m
cm
1
100
3.2808
seg 2
seg 2
seg 2
ft
m
1
0.3048
seg 2
seg 2

gr cm
dina seg 2

=252 cal = 6.585 x 10 eV


1 kWhr = 1.341 HPhr = 3 600 kJ = 3 412.14 BTU
1 J = 1 Nm = 0.2394 cal = 10 barcm3 = 0.73756 ftlbf = 107 erg

1 erg = 1 dinacm

1 kgf m= 9.806 J

m
ft
32 .174
seg 2
seg 2

TEMPERATURA

kg
gr
slug
lb
0.001 3 1.94 10 3 3 0.062428 3
m3
cm
ft
ft

K = C + 273

F = 1.8 C + 32

gr
kg
kg
lb
lb
lb
1
1
1000 3 62 . 4286 3 8 . 345
0 . 036127
cm 3
L
m
ft
gal
in 3

21

1 kJ = kPam3 =1 000 J

g 9.80665

DENSIDAD

ENERGA, TRABAJO Y CALOR


1 BTU = 1.055 x 1010erg = 777.9 ftlbf = 1 055 J

= 1 Pam3

N
kg
1 2
m2
seg m

1 kcal =1000 cal = 4.184 kJ = 41.224865 Latm

Densidad

MASA
1 lb = 0.45359237 kg = 16 oz = 453.59 gr

API

1 slug = 32.174 lb = 14.5939 kg

lb
1728
in 3

lb
ft 3

del H 2 O a 1 atm

141 . 5

cm 2
ft 2
m2
1
3 .875
1 10 4
seg
hr
seg

y 25 C 1000

Be 145

Soluciones ms pesadas que el H 2 O

1 ton mtrica = 1 000 kg = 2 240 lb = 1.10231 ton corta


= 0.984206 ton larga

Be

140

ft 2
m2
0 . 0929
seg
seg

ft 2
m2
2.58 10 5
hr
seg

ft 2
m2
3.875 10 4
seg
hr

ENTALPA Y CALOR LATENTE


1

Soluciones ms ligeras que el H 2 O

m2
ft 2
10 . 764
hr
hr

kg
m3

131 . 5

1 kg = 2.2046226 lb = 1 000 gr
1 ton corta = 2 000 lb = 907.1847 kg

DIFUSIVIDAD

kmol
lbmol
gmol
1
0 .06243
0 .001
m3
ft 3
cm 3

R = F + 459.67 = 1.8 K

145

130
1

BTU
lb
ft lb f
lb

2326

kg f m
J
kcal
0 . 555
237 . 1
kg
kg
kg

2 . 989

m kg f
J
0 . 304689
kg
kg

m kg f
J
0.101937
kg
kg

cal
BTU
1 .8
gr
lb

kJ
m2
BTU
1000 2 0.430
kg
seg
lb

kcal
J
4184
kg
kg

PRESIN

1 kg = 6.022x1026 uma = 6.852x10-2 slug


1 utm = 32.174 kg = 2.20462 slug = 70.931528 lb

lb
dina
N
1 Pa 1 2 1 .4504 10 4 psia 0 .020886 f2 10
0.0075 Torr
ft
cm 2
m

1 stone = 224 oz = 14 lb = 6.35029 kg

1 kPa = 1 000 Pa = 1 x 10-3 MPa

CAPACIDAD CALORFICA CALOR ESPECFICO

1 atm = 101.325 kPa = 1.01325 bar = 760 mmHg = 1.03323 kgf /cm2

LONGITUD
1 m = 100 cm = 1 000 mm = 39.37 in = 3.2808 ft = 1.0926 yd

= 10.3323 mH2O =14.696 psia = 29.9213 inHg =1.013x10 dina /cm

1 km = 1 000 m

= 76 cmHg

1 ft = 12 in = 0.3048 m = 0.333 yd

1 nm = 1x10 m = 10

1 inHg = 3.387 kPa

1 micra = 1 x 10-8 m

1 psia = 144 lbf /ft2 =1 lbf /in2 = 6.894757 kPa = 27.68 inH2O

1 parsec = 30.8 x 1015 m

= 5.171 cmHg

1 milla nutica = 1 852 m = 1.151 millas = 6 072 ft

cal
cal
1
gr C
gr K

kJ
kJ
J
BTU
BTU
1
1
0 . 23885
0 . 23885
kg C
kg K
gr C
lb F
lb R

BTU
BTU
1
lb F
lb R

BTU
kJ
4.1868
kmol K
lbmol R

CAUDAL O FLUJO VOLUMTRICO

1 in = 2.54 cm = 0.08333 ft

-9

1 furlong = 201.168 m = 220 yd = 660 ft

1 fermi =1x10-12 m

1 ao luz = 9.46 x 1015 m

BTU
cal
kcal
kJ
kW seg
1
1
4 .1868
4 .1868
lb F
gr C
kg C
kg C
kg C

1 mmHg = 0.1333 kPa = 1 Torr = 0.10 cmHg = 1.33322 mbar

1 milla = 5 280 ft = 1.6093 km = 1 609.3 m


1 = 1x10-10 m

1 inH2O = 2 491 dina /cm2 = 0.1868 cmHg = 249.1 Pa = 5.202 lbf /ft2
6

1 bar = 1x10 dina /cm = 0.1 MPa = 0.986923 atm = 1x10 Pa

L
gal
L
L
1
0 .264201
0 .016667
60
min
min
seg
hr

ft 3
L
28 . 317
min
min

7 . 48058

gal
min

448 . 8348

gal
hr

TENSIN SUPERFICIAL
1

1 ton de refrigeracin = 2000 BTU /min

lb
N
dina
gr cm
0 .068529 f 1000
1000
m
ft
cm
seg 2 cm

caballo de vapor elctrico = CV = 746 W

caballo de potencia mtrico = 735.499 W

VELOCIDAD
1

km
m
cm
ft
0 . 277778
277 . 778
546 . 807087
hr
seg
seg
min

rad
seg

m
km
ft
mi
3 .6
3 . 2808
2 . 237
seg
hr
seg
hr

grados
seg

57 . 29

rev
seg

0 . 15917

Instituto Mexicano de
Ingenieros Qumicos A. C.

caballo de vapor mecnico = HP = 0.999598 CV

9 . 5502

caballo de potencia de caldera = 9 803 W = 1 B.H.P.

SECCIN ESTUDIANTIL

AREA
rpm

1 m2 = 1x104 cm2 = 1x106 mm2 = 1x10-6 km2 =1550 in2 = 10.764 ft2
1 ft2 = 144 in2 = 0.09290304 m2
VOLUMEN ESPECFICO

VISCOSIDAD

m3
L
cm 3
ft 3
1
1000
1000
16 .02
kg
kg
gr
lb

gr
kg
1 poise 100 cp 1
0 .1
cm seg
m seg

1 stoke 1

cm 2
0 . 001076
seg

kg
m seg

cal
seg cm

kcal
BTU
J
cal
0.2048
1.163104
2.775105
hr m2 C
hr ft 2 F
seg m2 C
seg cm2 C

W
J
BTU
kcal
1
0.1762
0.859863
m 2 C
seg m 2 C
hr ft 2 F
hr m 2 C

W
BTU
W
1760
3.5816 2
cm 2 C
hr ft 2 F
in F

VOLUMEN
3

1 m = 1x10 cm = 1 000 L = 35.315 ft3 = 6.1024x104 in3


3

= 264.17 gal US

7380

BTU
W
4 . 1868
hr ft 2 F
cm 2 C

1 L = 1000 cm = 61.02 in
4

1 in3 = 16.39 cm3

CONDUCTIVIDAD TRMICA

1 ft = 2.832x10 cm = 28.32 L = 1728 in3 = 7.481 gal US

1 gal = 277.4 in3

1 gal US = 231 in3 = 3.7854 L


3

1 barril = 42 gal US = 5.615 ft = 159 L = 0.159 m3


GAS IDEAL A CONDICIONES NORMALES

1 gmol a 0C y 1 atm = 22.4 L


1 lbmol a 0C y 1 atm = 359 ft3

BTU
cal
W
3.444 10 4
0.001442
1
2 F
2 C
2 C
hr ft
seg cm
cm

in
cm
cm
cal
J
1.24
0.1442
seg m C
2 C
hr cm

cm
kcal
W
J
BTU
1 .73
1 .73
1 .487
hr m C
m C
seg m C
2 F
hr ft
ft
cal
4 .132 10 3
seg cm C

POTENCIA
7

1 W = 1 J /seg = 1x10 erg /seg = 1 vatio = 14.36 cal /min


= 1 Nm /seg
1 kW 1000 W 1 . 341 HP 3412 . 14
1 HP 550

ft lb

ft lb f
BTU
0 . 73756
hr
seg

MOLES
1 lbmol = 453.59 gmol = 0.45359237 kmol

745 . 7 W 0 . 7068
seg
BTU
2544 . 5
0 . 7457 kW
hr

INSTITUTO TECNOLGICO
DE MINATITLN

1 cm = 1 ml = 1 cc

m3
kg

BTU
kcal
J
HP
1
4.88
5.678104
0.000393 2
hr ft 2 F
hr m 2 C
seg cm2 C
ft F

kg
lb
lb
1488 .145862 cp 5 .357 10 6
5357 .302301
ft seg
ft hr
m hr
N seg
1 .488
m2

kg
1 10
m hr

ft 3
0 . 062428
lb

COEFICIENTE DE TRANSFERENCIA DE CALOR

ft 2
100 centistoke
seg

1 cp 3.6

BTU
seg

42 . 41

BTU
min

ft lb f
kJ
BTU
cal
1 . 055056
0 . 293071 W 0 . 216
0 . 07014
hr
hr
seg
seg

1 kmol = 1 000 gmol = 2.2046226 lbmol


1 gmol = 0.002205 lbmol

UNIVERSIDAD AUTNOMA
METROPOLITANA-IZTAPALAPA