Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 16

LGEBRA, TRIGONOMETRA Y GEOMETRA ANALTICA

APORTE TRABAJO COLABORATIVO III


TUTOR LUIS FERNANDO ESPINOSA

PABLO ALBERTO NOGUERA


ADRIAN ZAPATA OCAMPO
GRUPO 301301_618

UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL ABIERTA Y A DISTANCIA UNAD


COLOMBIA
NOVIEMBRE 2014

1. De la siguiente elipse 9 2 + 3 2 = 27. Determine:


a. Centro
b. Focos
c. Vrtices
Solucin

:
( )2 ( )2
+
=1
2
2
27:
9 2 3 2 27
+
=
27
27
27
:
2 2
+
=1
3
9
.
:
= 0,

= 0,

2 = 3,

2 = 9,

= 3,

=3

a. Centro
:
= (, ) = (0,0)

b. Focos
:
1 = (, + )
2 = (, )

:
2 = 2 2
= 2 2 = 9 3 = 6
:
1 = (0, 6)
2 = (0, 6)

c. Vrtices
:
1 = ( + , ) = (3, 0)
2 = ( , ) = (3, 0)
3 = (, + ) = (0,3)
4 = (, ) = (0, 3)
La grfica de la funcin es:

2. Deduzca una ecuacin de la elipse que satisfaga las condiciones indicadas:


Vrtices en (5,0) y focos en (3,0).
:
= 5,

=3

:
2 = 2 2
= 2 2 = 52 32 = 25 9 = 16 = 4
:
2 2
+
=1
2 2
:
2 2
+
=1
25 16
Su grfica es:

3. De la siguiente hiprbola 9 2 25 2 = 225. Determine:


a. Centro
b. Focos
c. Vrtices
Solucin

:
( )2 ( )2

=1
2
2
225:
9 2 25 2 225

=
225 225
225
:
2 2

=1
25 9
.
:
= 0,

= 0,

2 = 25,

2 = 9,

= 5,

=3

a. Centro
:
= (, ) = (0,0)

b. Focos
:
1 = ( + , )
2 = ( , )

:
2 = 2 + 2
= 2 + 2 = 25 + 9 = 34
:
1 = (34, 0)
2 = (34, 0)

c. Vrtices
:
1 = ( + , ) = (5,0)
2 = ( , ) = (5,0)
La grfica de la hiprbola es:

4. Deduzca una ecuacin de la hiprbola que satisfaga las condiciones indicadas:


Centro en (1, 3), un foco en (1, 6), y un vrtice en (1, 5).
:
= 1,

= 3

:
= (5) (3) = 2
= (6) (3) = 3
:
2 = 2 2
= 2 2 = (3)2 (2)2 = 9 4 = 5
, :
( )2 ( )2

=1
2
2
:
( 1)2 ( + 3)2

2 = 1
22
(5)
( 1)2 ( + 3)2

=1
4
5
La grfica de la hiprbola es:

5. Demostrar que la ecuacin 2 + 2 + 6 2 15 = 0 es una circunferencia.


Determinar:
a. Centro
b. Radio
Solucin
:
:
( 2 + 6 ) + ( 2 2) = 15
,
, :
( 2 + 6 + 9 9) + ( 2 2 + 1 1) = 15

( + 3)2 9 + ( 1)2 1 = 15
( + 3)2 + ( 1)2 = 15 + 9 + 1
( + 3)2 + ( 1)2 = 25
:
( )2 + ( )2 = 2
:
= 3,

= 1, 2 = 25,

a. Centro
:
= (, ) = (3,1)

b. Radio
2 = 25
= 25
=5

=5

La grfica de la circunferencia dada es:

6. De la siguiente parbola 2 + 6 + 4 + 8 = 0. Determine:


a. Vrtice
b. Foco
c. Directriz
:
:
( 2 + 6 ) + 4 = 8
:
( 2 + 6 + 9 9) + 4 = 8

( + 3)2 9 + 4 = 8

( + 3)2 + 4 = 8 + 9
( + 3)2 + 4 = 1
:
( )2 = 4( )
:
( + 3)2 = 4 + 1
:
( + 3)2 = 4 (

4
1
)
+
4 4

1
( + 3)2 = 4 ( )
4

:
= 3,

1
,
4

4 = 4

a. Vrtices
:
1
= (, ) = (3, )
4
b. Foco
:
= (, + )
:
4 = 4
=

4
= 1
4

1
1
3
= (3, + (1)) = (3, 1) = (3, )
4
4
4
3
= (3, )
4
c. Directriz
:
1
1
= (, ) = (3, (1)) = (3, + 1)
4
4
5
= (3, )
4
La grfica de la parbola es:

7. Determine la ecuacin de la recta tangente a la circunferencia 2 + 2 + 4 +


6 7 = 0 en el punto (4,1).
:
:
( 2 + 4 ) + ( 2 + 6) = 7

:
( 2 + 4 + 4 4) + ( 2 + 6 + 9 9) = 7
:
( + 2)2 4 + ( + 3)2 9 = 7
( + 2)2 + ( + 3)2 = 7 + 4 + 9
( + 2)2 + ( + 3)2 = 20

(, ) = (2, 3)
,
:
2 1
12 =
2 1
:
=

1 (3)
1+3
4
=
=
= 2
(4) (2) 4 + 2 2


,
1, :
=

1
2

1

2

(4,1),
:
= ( 1 ) + 1
:
1
= ( (4)) + 1
2
1
= ( + 4) + 1
2
4
= + +1
2 2
:


+3
2

La grfica del ejercicio es:

8. Calcular las siguientes sumatorias:


a. .
20

(30 + 1)3
=1

( + 1)
= (
)
2

=1

= 20, :
20

)3

(30 + 1
=1

20(20 + 1)
420 2
) = (210)2 = 44100
=(
) =(
2
2

20

(30 + 1)3 = 44100


=1

b. .
50

(3 2 + 2 5)
=1

= ;
=1

=1

2 =
=1

=
=1

( + 1)(2 + 1)
6

( + 1)
2

= 50:
50

(3 2
=1

50

50

50

+ 2 5) = 3 + 2 5
=1

=1

=1

50

50(50 + 1)(2(50) + 1
50(50 + 1)
(3 2 + 2 5) = 3 (
) (5 50)
)+ 2(
6
2

=1
50

(3 2 + 2 5) = 3(42925) + 2(1275) 250


=1
50

(3 2 + 2 5) = 128775 + 2550 250


=1
50

(3 2 + 2 5) = 131075
=1

9. Calcular las siguientes productorias:


a. .
3

( 2 ) = ( 12 )( 22 )( 32 )
=1

( 2 ) = ( 1)( 4)( 9)
=1
3

( 2 ) = (2 4 + 4)( 9)
=1
3

( 2 ) = 3 42 2 + 4 92 + 36 + 9 36
=1
3

( 2 ) = 3 142 + 49 36
=1

Demostracin GeoGebra:

b. .
6

=5 =3 =1

2
2 +

:
2

=1

2
2(1) 2(2)
2
4
2 6 + 8
)(
)= 2
=(
)(
)=(
2 +
2 + 1
2 + 2
2 + 1 2 + 2
4 + 6 + 2

:
4

2 6 + 8
32 6(3) + 8 42 6(4) + 8
2
=( 2
)( 2
)
4 + 6 + 2
4 + 6 + 2
4 + 6 + 2
=3

2 6 + 8
9 18 + 8
16 24 + 8
1
2
)( 2
)=( 2
)
=( 2
4 + 6 + 2
4 + 6 + 2 4 + 6 + 2
4 + 6 + 2
=3
4

=3

2 6 + 8
1
0
)( 2
)=0
=( 2
2
4 + 6 + 2
4 + 6 + 2 4 + 6 + 2

:
6

0 = 0
=5
6

=5 =3 =1

2
=0
2 +

Demostracin GeoGebra: